(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Publications"

GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 00730 8932 



VOL. XXXV. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE OXON. 



I. 



HORACE HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



cL 

EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE 

OXON. 



(Registrum F') 



A COLLECTION OF LETTERS AND OTHER MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS 
ILLUSTRATIVE OF ACADEMICAL LIFE AND STUDIES AT 
OXFORD IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY 



EDITED BY THE 



REV. HENRY ANSTEY, M.A. 

OF QUEEN S COLLEGE, FORMERLY VICE-PRINCIPAL OF ST. MARY HALL 
AND SOMETIME RECTOR OF SLAPTON, BUCKS 



WITH ILLUSTRATIONS 



' Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes 
Emollit mores, nee sinit esse feros ' 



PART I ' 
(1421— 1457) 

PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1898 



Digitized by 


the Internet 


Archive 






in 2014 









https://archive.org/details/publications35oxfo 



INTRODUCTION 



1388017 

The references in this Introduction are to the pages, not to the 
number of the epistle. 

The MS., from which the following work is derived, is a small folio 
volume bound in stamped leather, with brazen corners and clasps. It 
is usually known as Registrum F, perhaps so called after Mr. Farley, 
at one time scribe of the University, who certainly wrote a considerable 
portion of it. The date of the binding is, I am told by a better judge 
than myself, Mr. Macray of the Bodleian Library, of the early part of 
the sixteenth century, and has been rebacked more than once — once, 
indeed, within the present writer s memory. 

The number of sheets, which are of vellum, and, except in the case 
of blank portions, are written upon on both sides, is 198 ; of these, two 
are numbered 48, and two 107. The numbering of the folios is in 
a contemporary hand as far as folio 72, after that it is of late date. 

Four sheets at the beginning of the volume, that is to say, previous 
to the folio numbered i, have not been used for the purpose .of the 
register, but are, in the main, blank; the first has, however, been 
scribbled over by some one practising writing, being nearly covered 
by unconnected letters and words ; a circumstance not without some 
bearing upon a subject of no little interest, the question, that is to say, 
who wrote the letters, upon which subject a few remarks will be found 
in this introduction. Here and there a name occurs among the 
scribbling — Crakynthorpe, Elyott, Farley, London — and in one place 
is written, ' dum siimus in mundo vivamus corde juamdo,' ' care away, care 
away' and a few other words quite illegible. On the second folio 
there is a note as to giving a book into the stationer's hands: 'octo- 
decimo die Decembris, anno regis Henrici septimi quarto, traditus est 
in manus stationarii liber Burley super h'bros philosophorum, secundo 




vi 



INTRODUCTION. 



folio SI (/uis.' On llic iburlh is written : ' Praeceplum esl ballivis villae 
Oxoniae quod venire faciani, coram domino Cancellario sive ejus coni- 
missiirio, apud Gildhallam villae praediciae, decent et octo liberos el 
lei^uiles homines de villa aniedicta et suburhiis ejusdem, ad faciendum 
it inquirendum ea quae eis ibidem ex parte domini regis injungentur ; et 
quod iidcm ballivi habeant nomina et cognomina praedictorum hominum 
decern et octo liber orum coram dido Cancellario die primo Maii proximo 
futuro. Datum praesentium pariter cum hoc praecepto apud Gildhallam 
praedictafu returnatur. Datum tricesimo die mensis Junii, anno regis 
Hcnrici octavi primo! ' 

The foregoing notes, though in themselves insignificant, I have 
thought it better to preserve, in order to give a correct idea of the 
MS. and its condition ; and perhaps it is not altogether without 
interest to imagine the scribe, evidently, I think, one who could 
write but very poorly, practising his hand before setting to work to 
copy some letter into the book, and beguiling, perhaps, the weary 
work with a snatch of song. 

On the reverse side of the same folio occur two notes, which, as they 
belong to the matter of the text, I have placed at the foot of 
page I. 

The MS. Register F, properly so called, begins therefore on the 
fifth folio, and on the right-hand upper margin has the words ' primum 
folium' in addition to the numeral i, while on the corresponding left- 
hand corner is written, ^Registrum fohannis Farley, vide folio 114 b' 

The volume is probably substantially in the same condition as when 
it was restored to the University in 1605 by Dr. Abbot (see note, p. i). 
How it came to be lost we are not told ; but that similar ' alienations ' 
of other register books of the University have happened, we have 
abundant evidence. There is, for instance, in the British Museum one 
of the Proctor's books mentioned in the Munimenta Academica; there 
is likewise a volume of letters of the same period, or nearly so, as 
that with which we are now occupied, in the possession of Corpus 
Christi College, Cambridge. The volume, I think, came to that 
society from Archbishop Parker, along with other of his own books. 
How he came to possess the book can, I suppose, be only a matter 
of conjecture, but it is clear that great carelessness commonly attended 
the custody of such registers ; so much so that it seems that they 
came to be regarded as the property of the Chancellor or proctors, 
and in some cases were actually so treated, and passed into other 
hands. I have to express my thanks to the Master of Corpus Christi 



INTRODUCTION. 



vii 



College, Cambridge, for very kindly offering to permit me to see the 
MS. above mentioned ; but it would be quite useless to do so, unless 
time were given and were at my disposal for a thorough examination ; 
and to make this, if I may judge from my experience of Register F, 
which has occupied my leisure for at least five years, would be, under the 
circumstances, altogether impossible ; for the society is not, I believe, 
permitted by their statutes to allow the MS. to leave the precincts of 
the College. It is to be hoped that the MS. in question may one 
day be printed, but certainly the requisite conditions for the ac- 
complishment of that object seem likely to render this extremely 
difficult. 

The MS., with which we are now engaged, is generally in excellent 
condition, being only in a few places disfigured, perhaps by attempts 
to revive the writing, thereby afterwards, as usual, rendered illegible or 
extremely faint at best ; with the exception, however, of a few words, 
or, in one or two occasions, lines, the whole has, it is hoped, been 
here deciphered and transcribed. Where any word or words are 
abandoned as hopeless, the circumstance is noted in each case at 
the foot of the page. 

The volume, one of the register books and a portion of the Archives 
of the University, is not, strictly speaking, a letter-book. The larger 
and more important part of it consists of letters to and from the 
University, but it contains also a very considerable amount of 
miscellaneous matter, e.g. letters testimonial, acquittances of various 
kinds, especially of the Abbeys of Eynsham and Oseney, which are 
entered with scrupulous care, though not always in their chronological 
place, nearly, if not absolutely, every year, for the annual pensions 
paid by them to the University. There are also acquittances for 
subscriptions given for building various edifices, such as the New 
School of Theology, St. Mary's Church, and the schools of Canon 
and Civil Law; for this fifteenth century may be considered as the 
period . of the commencement of what we should call the public 
buildings of the University; which now witnessed a great eff"ort to 
restore learning, and especially the study of theology ; stimulated, no 
doubt, by the rapid growth of heretical doctrines, and aided by the 
munificence of sympathisers. 

Several other matters will occur also to the reader ; commemorations 
of founders and benefactors, the statute for the New Library, catalogues 
of the books given by the Duke of Gloucester, and one or two ordi- 
nances for the management of chests, one of which, the Exeter Chest. 



viii 



INTRODUCTION. 



is mentioned in no other register of the University — a remarkable fact, 
since all such ordinances were strictly required to be entered in every 
register. There occur also several indentures, and some decrees of 
Congregation, &c. From these remarks it will be seen that this work 
is a continuation of the Mtmimenia Academica, edited by the present 
writer for the Rolls series ; more properly speaking, perhaps, I should 
say that it is a part of the same family of MSS. published in that , 
work, is of the same date with the larger part of them, and deals with 
events of the same period of our academical history, covering nearly 
the whole of the fifteenth century, and a few years of the sixteenth, 
from 142 1 to 1503 (p. I, note). Indeed, it was designed to immediately 
follow the Munimenta Academica by the publication of the present 
work, but circumstances, which it is unnecessary to do more than 
mention in passing, prevented the execution of that design, and the 
Register F has remained, not indeed altogether unknown, but in 
a great measure unexplored undl this dme ; partly, no doubt, from the 
difficulty of the MS., and partly because no public demand likely 
ever to repay the expense of printing exists, or is likely to exist, for 
a work of this character. I thank the Oxford Historical Society, 
therefore, for enabling me to rescue this, I hope, not uninteresting 
collection from oblivion, * the stepmother of memory.' 

From the frequent occurrence of the acquittances above mentioned, 
almost verbatim identical, and from the large number of letters 
testimonial, closely resembling each other, the forms of citation of 
accused persons, and some other articles of the routine of University 
business, there will be found a large amount of unavoidable repetition. 
Whether it was unavoidable is, it is true, a debateable point ; for of, 
course, by judicious selection, much might have been omitted, and the 
bulk of the work very appreciably reduced. This alternative, it hardly 
needs be said, was duly weighed, but on consideration it has been 
thought best to publish the MS. entire. The object is to reproduce 
exactly an historical MS., a complete as well as genuine record of the 
past. A shorter and perhaps more interesting work might have been 
written by selecting the more striking documents ; and it is not disputed 
that cooking renders, or should do so, the material operated upon 
more palatable. It will, however, be conceded that the principle of 
selection once admitted, genuine evidence is indefinitely weakened, 
and confidence correspondingly shaken ; for it is clearly not possible 
for the reader to know what has been suppressed, or how far what has 
been so suppressed would have modified what was preserved. Nothing, 



INTRODUCTION. 



ix 



therefore, has been omitted ; everything between the covers of the 
binding is here given, except here and there a note by some com- 
paratively quite modern hand upon the margin of the page. These 
are few and brief, and, where they seemed of any value, have been 
noticed at the foot of the page, forming no part of the MS. properly 
so called. There is a further reason in favour of the plan here adopted. 
The genealogist and antiquarian would be unwilling that the names 
of persons who figured in University life in this century should be 
omitted. These are numerous, and may no doubt occasionally furnish 
a missing link in family history, if not in the wider sphere of political 
life. 

The MS. contains five hundred and twenty-seven numbered articles; 
but two of them have the same number, and of one the number is 
omitted. Of these, one is an indenture and twenty-two are letters 
testimonial, which were considered as epistles proper, and numbered 
as such up to p. 170. There remain, then, five hundred and seven 
epistles to and from the University, exclusive of the testimonial letters, 
indentures, and other miscellaneous matter alluded to above. Of the 
epistles forty-eight are in English, as is also one indenture, the 
remainder are in Latin. It will be seen, therefore, that no uniform 
numeration of the contents is employed, and the figures are not of 
the same date as the MS., but have been added considerably later. 
Such as it is, the numeration has not been altered in any instance, 
but stands as it is in the MS. 

The first document in the collection is of the date 1422, or perhaps 
1 42 1 (see note, p. i) ; the last, after a break of six years, is of the date 
1509; so that the contents profess to be the epistles, &c. of the 
University during nearly a century. They are not, however, a com- 
plete collection, as has been stated above; and several indications, 
I think, appear in the present volume, which go far to prove that this 
is only one perhaps of several registers containing epistles. For 
instance, it will be noticed that of those in this register nearly all are 
from the University, and comparatively very few from correspondents ; 
and it seems hardly probable that the answers to their letters would be 
altogether neglected. On p. 487 another register is actually named, 
nor are other indications of the same sort wanting ; take, for example, 
epistle 32 (p. 29), from which it is plain that letters were sent to 
other citizens. 

Next comes a difficult question to answer — who wrote the MS., 
and when did they write it? It has been stated already that the 



X 



INTRODUCTION. 



MS. is .1 cDiucnipoiiiry one: that is beyond question; I should 
not veil lure to be so positive perhaps on my own judgement, but 
it is corroborated by Mr. Macray, of the Bodleian Library, whose 
opinion may be taken as conclusive. When, therefore, it is asked 
when the various articles were written, it is not intended to dispute 
the contemporary origin of the MS. But there is another sense in 
which the question is very difficult to answer, and that is, when were , 
the entries made in the Register.? One would have supposed that 
they would be entered immediately, and it may be taken for granted 
that it was intended that this should be done, when the copy, brought 
from the house of Congregation, was handed to the person whose 
duty it was to enter it. Unfortunately there is too much reason 
to think that this duty was not by any means performed with 
scrupulous punctuality, a circumstance which has added greatly to 
the labour of editing the volume. It will be found, for instance, 
that many of the epistles and other articles are misplaced, that is 
to say, do not come in due chronological order. Where more than 
usually glaring instances of this occur, notice is occasionally taken 
of the fact in a note at the foot of the page; but I may here 
mention instances. There is a testimonial letter manifestly mis- 
placed (p. 33). And the last two letters to the Duke of Gloucester 
are placed in the register afier the letter to the King, in which the 
death of the Duke is mentioned ; they seem, in fact, to be entered 
a year after date (251-256). Again, on p. 356, the reader will find 
a note pointing out the complete dislocation of the MS., so great that 
the chronological order is altogether lost for some years. Only these 
three very striking examples are selected, but the fact is that the, 
chronological order of a very considerable portion of the MS. is more 
than doubtful ; and this character of the MS. was well known by those 
familiar with it in former times, for I find more than one note to this 
eff"ect in the handwriting, as, I think, of Mr. Smith, sometime Keeper 
of the Archives, who calls attention to the unreliable nature of the 
chronology. 

How is this disorder to be explained ? I suggest that the solution 
may be found in the following remarks. On examining the MS., 
we find that there is a very large number of the folios remaining 
partially blank, and no less than six entirely so. I count ninety- 
one blank portions, varying from three quarters to one quarter 
of the whole folio ; I do not here reckon the blank folios at the 
beginning of the volume, which have been already mentioned, nor 



INTRODUCTION. 



xi 



others occurring at the end ; so that here was ample room for msert- 
ing additional matter. I infer from this that the MS. existed from 
the first in the form of a volume, and probably was bound much as 
it is at present; and when an epistle or other article had to be 
entered, this was often done not by making the entry immediately 
after that last written, but by leaving a folio or two, or perhaps only 
a part of one, blank for future use. This I conceive to have been 
done not carelessly, but intentionally, by the copyist, who probably 
knew that there were other things that would have to be entered — 
acquittances, for instance, for money not yet received, and letters 
testimonial, the precise place of which latter- would really be of no 
great importance — and accordingly left what he considered sufficient 
space for that purpose ; and very probably on receiving a copy, he 
would be reminded that this should be done. This would account for 
the existence of blank fohos, many of which were never wholly filled, 
and some, as we have seen, not at all, and would also leave abundant 
opportunity for a not very intelligent scribe to insert documents, as 
clearly was done, in wrong places. 

Under these circumstances it is almost superfluous to observe that 
the marginal dates throughout the work cannot be taken as more 
than approximately correct ; except in those cases where the date is 
given in the text and corresponds with that on the margin. And 
while on this subject it is convenient to mention, what will be 
evident to any one examining the work, that dates are, singularly 
enough, seldom found attached to the more important documents, 
or perhaps, I should say, those documents we should now consider 
most important; whereas in the case of more insignificant matters, 
as acquittances, for instance, they are rarely absent ; but on the con- 
trary, are written in nearly every instance with a regularity and 
exactitude which sufficiently prove how great was the importance 
attached to the preservation of these documents; and indeed not 
without reason were the evidences of such things carefully guarded, 
as the poverty of the University, a subject to be alluded to later on, 
would lead one to expect that they would be. 

This naturally raises another question — who were the writers? 
And here again what we should have expected is not confirmed 
by the evidence of the MS. That they were very numerous is put 
beyond question by the great variety in the handwriting — occasionally 
we have more than one hand employed in the same letter — though 
it should be stated that this variety is much less in the later part 



xii 



INTRODUCTION. 



1)1" the volutno ; iVom which 1 infer that, in the earlier part of the 
time embraced in this register, the duty of making the entries did 
not devolve upon an official specially appointed for that work. 
Anil this conjecture amounts almost to a certainty when we find 
that the University scribe, when there was such a functionary, appends 
not infrequently his own name at the end of the letter he has just 
written, as in the cases of the scribes Mannyngham, Farley, and 
Burgeys(367, 263, 647). Of these it is to be noticed that the second- 
named, Farley, writes his name in Greek characters more than once ; 
and as a considerable portion of the MS. is written in one hand- 
writing at the time when he was scribe, there needs be no doubt 
that he is responsible for it ; though, as it is of all the volume the most 
inaccurate and disjointed as to date, he must clearly have taken a not 
very strict view of his responsibility (356). We know then that there 
was a scribe, who seems to call himself a 'Notary' on one occasion 
(272), and we also know from other sources that he was allowed 
an undergraduate assistant. My conjecture is, therefore, that the 
peculiarities of the MS. are in great measure attributable to the fact 
that it was in many parts the work of young and ignorant copyists — 
perhaps undergraduate boys, that is to say, whose knowledge of Latin 
was but small, and their ability to read the document entrusted to them 
more than questionable. The handwriting is, as has been said, very 
various, and varies likewise exceedingly both in legibility and gram- 
matical correctness, as also in the number and character of the 
abbreviations employed. Some parts of the MS. are very clear, and 
easily legible by one accustomed to such work; but on the other 
hand, very much of it is of great difficulty, not only from the very, 
numerous and somewhat arbitrary nature of the abbreviations, and, 
in parts, the faded condition of the ink, but, which is more serious, 
from the innumerable blunders in spelling and grammar; so 
numerous, indeed, and so great are the latter, frequently amounting 
to a complete disregard of the construction of a sentence, that it is 
quite inconceivable that any official of standing in the University, 
as a proctor, for instance, or the Vice- Chancellor himself, can be 
thought to have been responsible for them. 

I think that previous to the appointment of a scribe, and 
perhaps occasionally afterwards, the labour of copying was entrusted 
by the Vice-Chancellor or Proctors to an amanuensis acting occa- 
sionally in that capacity. And this theory is confirmed by the 
singular circumstance that when the handwriting is of a distinctly 



INTRODUCTION. 



xiii 



individual character, and often difficult to decipher, it is almost 
always grammatical, while the more regular writing of a more 
formal character, though easy to read, is full of blunders. If 
this explanation be correct, it will account for much that is some- 
what puzzling in a study of the MS. It is possible, moreover, 
that shorthand copies may have been handed to the clerk; in 
which case, of course, there would be the greater probabiUty of 
such errors as I have described finding their way into the register. 
It should perhaps be mentioned, in these remarks on the nature of 
the MS., that many of the epistles to the popes are crossed out, 
but not in any way rendered illegible — this may be undoubtedly put 
down to an ebullition of protestant zeal at a later period — and the 
same disfigurement is observed to have been suffered, and to a much 
greater extent, by the Vice-Chancellor's and Proctor's books. A, B, and 
C. Sometimes also, but not often, lines are crossed out and obliterated 
altogether. In some instances, and these are more frequent, the 
epistle breaks off suddenly, and occasionally a mere fragment is 
left us — sometimes the concluding portion only is lacking. I am 
inclined to believe that there was a reason for this latter variety of 
mutilation; those cases where only a few lines occur before the 
breaking off of the epistle, have been caused, I think, by the copyist 
finding that the epistle had already been entered in this or some other 
register, for such fragments seldom extend beyond the address, or 
but Httle beyond it. But where the whole letter, or nearly the whole, 
is given, only breaking off before the customary laudations, and prayers 
for the welfare of the person to whom it is addressed, perhaps there 
is ground for supposing that the writer, being perhaps a strong 
opposition member of Congregation, rebelled against the use . of the 
customary conclusion of the epistle, and satisfied his rancour by this 
litde exhibition of spite. Sometimes the copy would be lost in the 
house of Congregation, for we find that the writer adds a note below 
his letter — ' Copta fuit perdita in domo Congregationis et ideo non scripsi 
plus' {^\()). Often it is said that the epistle is written 'raptim ' (390, 
393), and on one occasion it is remarked, ' quo die discurrehatur in domo 
Congregationis I 

Naturally all such conjectures must be conjectures and nothing 
more, but when we try to represent to ourselves the scenes of 
a state of society, the true character of which is with difficulty 
discernible, these little and obviously perfectly natural notes are 
not without their value ; on the contrary, like a flash of light. 



xiv 



INTRODUCTION. 



I hoy Ljive ;i siultlen and even vivid view of things more or less 
buried in llie darkness of the past. One plainly sees here unmis- 
takable indications of stormy assemblies in Congregation, nor is 
ihe suspicion of a general free fight at all unfounded; that strong 
language, to put it mildly, was not uncommon, we have good reasons 
to believe, and that it ended in blows would be nothing extraordinary. 
The Chancellor or his Commissary would come ' down to the house,' • 
no doubt, duly provided with a draft of the letter to be sent (say to 
the king or archbishop), but there would be expressions in it not 
at all to the taste of the opposition ; for it will be observed that an 
opposition clearly existed, and in a very self-asserting form, so much 
so, indeed, that letters were sometimes dispatched for which humble 
apology had to be made, and high court interest invoked (527, 517- 
1 9). Then would come debates, and sometimes something stronger, 
and if the copy was lost in the Congregation-house, there is nothing 
so surprising in that as in the scribe being able to write down from 
memory the document he had to enter in the register ; for clearly he 
did not obtain a second copy, otherwise no need would have existed 
for leaving the letter incomplete. 

On the whole there are sufficient disturbing causes or defective 
arrangements to fully account for the bad spelling, bad writing, 
bad grammar, and mutilated documents, which, if they surprise, 
will not be without amusement to any one who has a taste for 
this kind of study. And again, while on the one hand the defects 
and inaccuracies we have noticed have considerably aggravated 
the difficulties of the editor, they are not without their value; for 
the entire artlessness of the whole production is beyond question, ' 
and it is a pleasure peculiar to the perusal of a work of this 
kind that such undoubted confidence may be placed in the good 
faith of the facts and statements; and that, if they be but meagre, 
the points of interest are not selected for a purpose, or mis- 
represented for publication. Clearly not the faintest apprehension 
ever troubled the mind of the poor copying clerk that his mistakes 
would or could be multiplied in innumerable copies and made the 
subject of the contempt or ridicule of a better instructed age. No 
fear disturbed the Chancellor's equanimity lest the transactions of 
the University, their fawning adulation of the king, their congratula- 
tions to both sides in the desolating war that brought the country and 
the University to ruin, their humble petitions to popes and bishops, 
and all the other things they wrote, some of which must have been 



INTRODUCTION, 



XV 



more or less bitter to flesh and blood, even in those days when 
violence engendered servility, and the ignorance of the great was 
only equalled by the poverty of the educated, would ever be known 
beyond the limits of the actual correspondence. Such as they are, and 
as far as they go, these documents faithfully represent the thoughts 
and feelings of the writers, and the condition of the Church, the 
University, and education in those days. 

It is therefore not without some hope that the work may prove 
to be acceptable, that this IMS. is now edited. As to the facts, 
or at least the main facts, of the history of the University, I think 
it may be safely concluded that nothing of any great importance 
can now be added to what is already known, and the present 
collection of documents does not pretend to add materially to what 
has long ago been published on that subject ; but what the student 
of history always longs for and very seldom finds is, not the dates 
and figures, not the dry facts and statements, however exact, as to 
the succession of kings, battles and sieges, the numbers of the slain 
and the like, or even the intrigues of courts and the successes of 
statesmen or warriors, but the thoughts and feelings of men, the 
private or domestic life of the past, the dress, the manners and 
language of the people, the structure of their dwellings, and all those 
details of the existence of the mass of mankind, to which we are 
conscious that the corresponding circumstances of our own day 
present so great a contrast. We desire, in a word, the flesh and 
blood to clothe and animate the dry bones of history, to restore 
something like a picture of the living reality. 

I know of nothing in this kind existing in respect of our Universities 
in the Middle Ages, beyond what has already been published and- what 
is here ofi"ered to the reader. If the Paston letters, truly interesting as 
they are, somewhat disappoint us by the very homeliness of their con- 
tents, they present a picture almost, indeed so far as I know, wholly 
unlike anything else we possess — a vivid and genuine view of the cares 
and troubles, the language, manners, and occupations of a private 
country gentleman in what is probably the least known of any period 
of our national history. The letters here edited in no way pretend to 
compete with the Paston letters, and are indeed as dissimilar from them 
as possible. While the latter are expressed in the humblest vernacular, 
and are concerned mainly with the private affairs of a single family, 
the former are, as to the very much larger number, in the language 
of the learned, and are occupied almost wholly, with here and there, 



XVI 



INTRODUCTION. 



;is it were, a few touches of colour accidentally illustrating private 
life (pp. 512 and 596), with the state of the University, the condition 
of learning, its hopes of patronage by the great, its fears and dangers 
from the hostility of a brutal age of ' blood and iron/ its constant 
care for religion and zeal for the maintenance of the faith, the libraries, 
the schools, and the Church ; the bloodless warfare ever being waged 
from this 'the fortress of learning' against the foes of religion and 
culture, compassing it about on every side. 

Here we have recorded the pitiable appeals of the persecuted clerks 
to the secular arm, imploring protection for this 'vineyard of the Lord' 
from the ruthless attacks and insidious machinations of foes without 
and foes within; all their poverty and misery is without any false 
shame exposed ; and there is no shadow of suspicion that such 
disclosures could have ever been intended for publication in any way, 
even by such a multiplication of MS. copies as took place in those 
days in the case of some of the more popular productions. Such as 
they are, these epistles reflect with exact truth the thoughts and feelings, 
the hopes and fears, of the University in the fifteenth century. 

A few words should be added here on the treatment of the MS. in 
this work. It is full of erasures and corrections. A practised eye, of 
course, immediately discerns between contemporary and subsequent 
dealings of this sort ; and where corrections, &c. are by a contemporary 
hand, they are considered to be the second, and therefore better, thoughts 
of the writer, and accordingly retained in the text. Other corrections, 
&c., when adopted, have been noted at the foot of the page. 

The spelling of the original is throughout the work carefully pre- 
served ; or if, from some exceptional cause, it has been thought desirable 
to alter it, this too is noted at the foot of the page. The variation 
also of names, as well surnames as Christian, has always been 
preserved as in the MS. In these the variation of spelling would be 
extraordinary, but that we know there was no recognized orthography 
of the English tongue at this time. Thus we find the same surname 
spelt in several different ways within the compass of one epistle ; even 
the name of that great champion of the University, such is the care- 
lessness or ignorance of the writer, is on one occasion made to be 
John instead of Thomas Bourchier. I am afraid to say how many 
varieties there are in the spelHng of the name Bourchier, or in that 
of the Abbey of Eynsham ; of this, many more examples might be 
given here, but these will suffice. In the case of the Latin letters, 
that is to say, nine-tenths of the whole, there is very consider- 



INTRODUCTION. 



xvii 



able variation, but much less than in those which are written in the 
vernacular ; and it will be noticed by a careful reader of the epistles, 
that there is a very marked difference between those of the earlier and 
those of the latter part of the century. In the latter, we find the 
modern spelling rapidly asserting itself — gignasium, for example, 
has became gymnasium ; exiheo, exhibeo ; quatinus, quatenus ; and 
a number of other words in a similar way indicate a great advancement. 
And this perhaps is a convenient place in an introduction (which has 
to notice many things difficult to arrange in a connected order), that 
I think a very considerable change will also be detected in the Latin ; 
/ and certainly, in the style of address and conclusion : the ' old things ' 
seem in great measure to have ' passed away ' before the conclusion 
of the century. The solemn religious tone of the earlier testimonial 
letters has, for example, become quite superseded by a far more 
business-like form. In the ordinary epistle, S. P. D. is actually found 
to have crept in, I think probably from Dr. Chandler's superior 
knowledge of Cicero, aided very probably by the copies given by the 
Duke of Gloucester. These, however, are of course only specimens ; 
the general style is also altogether changed at the close of the volume. 

When we come to examine the English letters, which are, as has 
been already stated, forty-eight in number, the variety in spelling, far 
more striking, has been noticed above ; but what is most curious in 
this connexion is that some of the English letters in this MS. are so 
like the ordinary language of to-day, that they would with but slight 
alteration be hardly considered more than somewhat peculiar ; whereas 
others, and that the greatly larger number, present almost as extra- 
ordinary specimens of phonetic spelling as are to be found even in 
the Paston letters. The same remarkable disparity is also found 
in the letters of the Paston collection, one or two of Lord Hastings' 
being almost like our language at the present time, and varying from 
it in spelling to no very considerable extent. In all the English letters 
also the spelling of the MS. is, of course, carefully preserved, the use 
of capital letters also is like that in the MS., but punctuation, being, 
as usual in MSS. of that date, either wholly wanting or only very 
partially and wrongly used, has been supplied. 

As no other copy of this MS. exists, there is no collation to be 
noticed, as in the case of the MSS. used for the Munimenta Academica, 
but the number of the folio, on which every epistle or other article is 
to be found in the MS., is given on the margin of the pages. As to 
the dates, it has been already stated that there are considerable 



xvin 



INTRODUCTION. 



difliculties, and more need not be said, except that even the names of 
tlio Proctors for the year, which might have been considered a sure 
criterion, are, I fear, not quite so much so as may be thought; for 
sometimes these officials did not enter upon their office until some 
time after the beginning of the year (supposing the 25th of March to 
be reckoned as the beginning), so that the proctorship of the previous 
year would overlap the next. Nor am I certain that the 25th of 
March is always reckoned for the beginning of the year. The very 
considerable variety of use in this matter, and the consequent difficulties 
arising from it, will be seen in some notice of the subject in that most 
useful work The Chronology 0/ History, by Sir H. Nicholas. 

In the Latin letters there is a great variety in the arrangement, 
sometimes the address is at the beginning, and sometimes at the end, 
sometimes both. Some have a title, most, however, have none ; and 
therefore it will be understood that, in all cases where there is no title 
in the original, one has been supplied in English. Of the titles which 
may be called original, that is to say, found in the MS., not all are 
contemporary, some having been added by later hands ; occasionally, 
and particularly in certain parts of the volume, the titles are written on 
the margin, the letters being so closely one upon the heels of the 
other as to leave no space between. As to the position of the address, 
this has been made uniform by being placed at the commencement 
of each letter ; at any rate that has been the intention, and if it has 
not been done in every instance, the omission must be here apologized 
for. As to the spelling of the Latin letters, the original is carefully 
reproduced everywhere, or (for the cases have occurred here and there) 
where a correction has been thought desirable, the error being un- 
mistakably a genuine lapsus calami and no more, an acknowledgement 
is made in a footnote. It would perhaps have been better to omit 
even these few corrections, for to make them has, of course, introduced 
to a slight extent the principle of selection, and it was often perplexing 
to determine what should be considered a mere clerical error and 
what an ignorant writer's blunder : I have done the best I could in 
this difficulty. 

The subject of the MS. must not be dismissed without noticing 
a curious feature, viz. the introduction occasionally of the Sacred 
Monogram JHS, or of invocations such as St. Maria, Caterina, 
orate, &c. ; these occur, I think it will be noticed, at very critical 
junctures in the affairs of the University, as in the case of the death 
of the Duke of Gloucester, or the proposed burning at the stake (as 



INTRODUCTION, 



xix 



was reported) of Philipp Norreys at Oxford ; and I take them to be 
expressions of the anxiety naturally then felt {135, 254). 

There are, it may be noticed lastly, some articles here printed which 
have already been published ; these, too, in accordance with the general 
plan of the work, have been preserved, the more willingly because they 
are not generally accessible. 

As to the Latinity of these epistles, it is probably very much what 
any one acquainted with the Latin in use at that day would have 
expected, though, as has been already observed, the reader will find 
a considerable difference between the earlier and the later part of the 
work, the letters of the date of Dr. Chaundler's chancellorship being 
decidedly an improvement. I find, however, that the infima Latinitas 
has been enriched by a few words I have not elsewhere met with, as 
raucesco, ramunculus, 7iullorsum, and others which will occur to the 
reader. On the whole, what is surprising is not the faults of the 
language, but that it is not worse. 

It is not easy for us to conceive what the difficulty must have 
been in acquiring and teaching even what was taught of the Latin 
language without books; and that literally is the problem that had 
to be solved (204, 178). The master lecturing, or, as we should say, 
giving the lesson, had of course a book, or portion of one, from 
which to dictate to the boys ; the latter had none, the instruction 
was wholly oral. Without dictionaries or grammars, and in their 
Halls and Inns, crowded together as they certainly were without 
privacy or necessary quiet for preparation, it is difficult to con- 
ceive what must have been the discomfort, or worse, of the poor 
scholar in the long dark evenings of the autumn and winter terms, and 
what the labour of instruction during the hours of daylight. And it 
will be remembered that the Latin to be acquired was never considered 
at this time as an exercise of scholarship, a means to a cultured style, 
a classical education, but as a language, first for current use in dis- 
putations, chiefly logical and theological; and for those who, after 
attaining the M.A. degree, proceeded to the higher steps, as an 
instrument for opening the treasures of a student's life, and moving 
freely in a literature of which such Latin was the only source. The 
masters teaching had certainly some, but very few, books; and 
when it is said that the University had 110 books, it is meant literally 
that, except in the case of such masters who, from superior wealth, 
or probably from being members of some religious house in Oxford, 
or of one of the colleges, were so fortunate as to be provided with 

b 2 



INTRODUCTION. 



such ircasiiics, llu re were 710 books, and no library worth mentioning, 
to wliich the poor scholar (i. e. master) might have recourse. We speak 
now o{ J.alin books, and it will be noted that the Duke of Gloucester 
in his posthumous gift specifies ' all his Latin books' (295, 298). 

As to Greek, it is sufficiently well known that the study of that 
language did not exist at Oxford in the time included by the larger 
part of these epistles : one may almost say that the only traces we 
find of any knowledge of it are the signature of J. Farley, written 
on the margin in Greek character on two or three occasions, and in 
another single case that of William Grocin [BtXeXjuos VpoKiv\, similarly in 
Greek character. But the latter instance is not a signature, as the 
others are, at the foot of a document, but is on the superior margin of 
a folio : perhaps the work of Grocin himself ; more probably of some 
admirer, pondering the prodigious knowledge of that scholar, and the 
possible effects of the new studies introduced into the University, 
while practising his hand, clearly unfamiliar with the strange characters. 

While on this subject, perhaps some of my readers will excuse my 
introduction of a few specimens of the ignorance of Greek in those 
days, even among the best-educated clerks. In the Legenda aurea 
(by Jacobus de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa at the end of the 
thirteenth century, and one of the most learned men of his time), a book 
of which Panzer enumerates no less than ninety-eight editions between 
the years 1 470-1 500; besides more than thirty translations, one 
of which is Caxtons Golden Legend, printed by him in 1483, and 
several times reprinted afterwards by Wynkyn de Worde, we find 
some very curious derivations. To the life of each Saint is prefixed 
an explanation of the meaning or origin of his name. Thus of 
Gregorius, we are told that the name is from ' grex, et gore quod est 
praedicare. Agatha ab agios quod est sandus, et iheos quod est Deus. 
Katherina a Kaiha quod est universum, et ruina, quasi universalis 
ruina, omne enim diaboli edificium in ea universaliter corruit. Diony- 
sius a dya quod est duo, et nisus quod est elevaiio, quasi secundum 
duo elevatus, scilicet corpus et animam. Egidius, ab e quod est sine, 
et geos terra, et dya clarum sive divinum, fuit enim sine terra per ter- 
renorum despectionem.' These are a few among very many, and 
suffice 10 show what educated Europe of that day accepted without 
correction in thousands of copies for many years. (I quote from a 
copy in my possession printed at Cologne in 1483.) 

If the condition of learning among those who used this book may 
be inferred, as it surely may be, from this evidence, we can have no 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxi 



hesitation in accepting as correct the generally received opinion that 
the Greek language was practically unknown ; and the absence of 
any study of it in the Universities, until its introduction towards the 
close of the period embraced by the present MS., were there no other 
proofs, would be conclusively proved. When, under the influence of 
Grocin and Erasmus and their admirers and pupils, the attention of 
students was directed to this object, the study of the Greek language 
rapidly advanced, and soon asserted a foremost place in the 'curriculum' 
of the day. 

The foregoing observations lead naturally to some notice of that 
which perhaps is the most prominent subject of the MS. under con- 
sideration, the Library of Oxford in the fifteenth century. It is not 
necessary to repeat here, what is well known from other sources 
of the meagre facts relating to libraries before existing at Oxford ; 
and I do not know that any additional facts have been acquired ; it 
was with the gifts and bequests of the Duke of Gloucester that 
a library began to exist in a form and to an extent capable of in- 
fluencing and assisting students. 

Bearing this in mind, it is easier to appreciate correctly the feelings 
of the University on the acquisition of these benefactions. The out- 
pouring of gratitude they evoked may be read in these epistles in all 
its genuine extravagance (114, 139, 177, 184, 197, 203, 216, 240, 
244, 254, 255). 

If the first impression produced by reading these letters is one of 
amusement or even disgust at the extravagant eulogy and adulation 
bestowed upon the donor, I am inclined to think a more careful 
recognition of the circumstances, an effort to place ourselves in some 
measure in line with the state of society, so far as it can be known 
from the scanty records of that dark and troubled century of our 
history, may perhaps in no small degree tend to modify our more 
hasty judgement. 

If there is one predominating colour, tinting or staining, so to 
speak, the whole picture of academic life, it is the gloomy shade 
of poverty — poverty, 'the stepmother of learning' (154, 115, 106-7). 
This it is that is always represented as the greal hindrance to the 
student ' seeking in the vineyard of the Lord the pearl of knowledge ' 
(71). This is the danger against which all the privileges of the 
University are granted to protect its members (56-58). The price 
of provisions is strictly guarded, and the civic authorities constrained 
to prevent exactions for this reason (40, 42). It is this, more or less, 



xxii 



INTRODUCTION. 



lliat is [\\v siibjctl of tlie greater portion of the letters. Even those which 
do not (lircclly mention or seem to relate to the subject, applications, 
for example, for the remitting of a member of the privilege to the 
Chancellor's Court, are in reality dictated by fear of the great expense 
a suit elsewhere would entail ; and when, as so often happens, the 
Archbishop of Canterbury or the Lord Chancellor are implored to 
order their officials to recognize the claim of the Oxford Chancellor's 
Court to decide all cases of the kind, and send the accused to Oxford 
for that purpose, the real motive is the ruinous expense of lay courts ; 
and this weak point in the armour of the University was being 
continually aimed at by the shafts of her enemies. The trial of 
a member of the privilege in a lay court seems to have been quite 
legal, if the University did not claim her privilege. Then, too, we 
cannot doubt, came in the exertion of backstairs influence of every 
kind, extortion of fees, and worse, inevitable bribes, unfortunately 
not only to the officials of the courts, but even to the very judges 
in some instances. 

Again, it is the dread of diminution of fees to masters lecturing 
that calls forth some of the most earnest remonstrances, even to 
the king, against the grammar masters, who refused to pay them 
to Lecturers in Arts (210), and to the Duke of Gloucester begging 
him to use his influence with the Benedictines, whose scholars will 
not pay (77). This again is the cause of the anxiety about foreign 
priests shriving penitents at Oxford (322). The evil effects of the 
papal ' provision,' and the failure to execute the ' Provincial con- 
stitutions,' produce some of the most urgent, even eloquent, appeals 
to the Archbishops; chiefly on this account, that the hopelessness 
of promotion to benefices discouraged the poor clerks, whose life of 
labour and poverty found no reward (i, 153, 185). This is the 
reason for the dread lest the Benedictine scholars should leave the 
University (375), and for the lamentation over the diminution of men 
of rank and fortune among the graduates, and the consequent drying 
up of the source not only of fees, but of what was even more 
seriously felt, strange though it may seem — the feasts on inception. 
This is the plea for help to build the Schools ^ of Theology, Canon 
and Civil Law, and the Church of St. Mary's. This is, in fact, the 
invariable subject of the greater part of the letters : the dismal lament 
of all, from the Chancellor, who could not afford to retain the office 

^ The School of Medicine was repaired, it seems, wholly by the liberality of 
John Major (20). 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxiii 



he so efficiently discharged (247), to the learned but penniless 
masters (19), for whom no decent outfit of clothes, nor money for their 
journey, could be provided, to send a deputation to the council at Basle 
— (72), even to the poor boy who had to make his own clothes (596). 

In this short sketch I cannot allow myself more on this subject ; 
I must ask the reader to look at the epistles themselves ; to all 
he will find an analysis prefixed, in some cases a long one, almost 
amounting to a translation where the matter seemed to deserve it; 
a method of treatment which, all things considered, appeared to be 
better than writing an introduction capable of really presenting 
a full view of the work, which, being so miscellaneous, and extending 
over so long a period, must have required another volume or more 
to do it justice. 

In alluding to the poverty of the junior members of the University, 
that is to the boys at school at Oxford, it will be borne in mind 
that Oxford was in reality an assemblage of schools — private schools, 
but all under the same regulations, and governed by the same bonds 
of academic union and privilege. Every large religious house had 
its school, but otherwise the only schools were at the Universities, 
and here too the rehgious orders had their houses. The boys sent 
to school at Oxford remained there until the M.A. degree, which 
would usually be acquired before the age of twenty, after that age 
those who still resided at the University, and they were very numerous, 
pursued the study of the superior faculties of Theology, Canon and 
Civil Law, and Medicine, in which they graduated in due course. 
Now it was these latter (94, 81, 106), these who gave their lives to 
the pursuit of learning, on whom the burden of poverty fell with 
so heavy a weight, and it was to enable such men thus to remain 
after the M.A. degree that the colleges were founded, in which boys 
from scholars might proceed to Masters, and then to Bachelors in 
Theology or the other faculties, and lastly to Masters in those sciences, 
or as we now style them. Doctors. 

It need not be supposed that any great anxiety would be felt about 
the maintenance of the scholars proper, whose parents or friends of 
course provided for them, and need not continbe to keep them at 
Oxford — it was the difficulty of maintaining the struggling teachers, 
and the lack of any hope of sufficient provision for retirement for 
them, that seems to have been the great terror of University life. 
Nor need this surprise us, for literary work there was none, of course. 
The great resource of a Master so continuing to reside at Oxford was 



XXIV 



INTRODUCTION. 



the sotlini;- up of a Hall of his own, or rather the obtaining the 
principalship of any thai became vacant ; beyond this there were only 
the fees for leaching, always small and often precarious ; there were 
celebrations of masses (71) at the numerous churches, feasts, or 
equivalents for them, at inceptions, loans from the chests — what 
else ? We cannot feel our way in this darkness, but there is enough 
light to make us wonder not that the poverty was great, but that it 
was not even greater than these letters testify in one continual 
wail (151). 

Now the pinch of poverty was most keenly felt in the impossibility 
of obtaining books; for of what use to him was the poor master's 
daily pittance, if that, for which alone he desired to live, was yet 
beyond his reach, and books from the very nature of the case were 
a luxury of the rich ! They existed, of course, and were continually 
being multiplied, slowly, but probably more than enough to supply 
the waste, in the religious houses, where a scribe's room v/as always 
at work, in which copies were made of popular or necessary authors : 
some great personages, we know, collected them and possessed 
valuable libraries ; there is evidence also that men in humbler life, 
merchants of London and the like, had at this time occasionally 
a taste for literature (222), and the difficulty experienced in gaining 
possession of the books bequeathed to the University clearly enough 
proves that this sort of property was greatly prized by many, and 
not always acquired with scrupulous honesty (483, 309, 318). But 
to the poor master, to whom they were the necessity of his life, 
they were a thing longed for with an ardent desire, treasured and 
read with an eagerness and enthusiasm, and loved with a tenderness 
unknown now, unless it be by the happy bibliophile, the possessor 
of a first edition. 

To a society of this character, to sufferers in this extremity, appears 
on the scene of University life the great figure of Humfrey; Duke 
of Gloucester. The 'picturesque' morality, as it has been cynically 
called, of his private life, sufficiently hinted at in the advice of his 
medical adviser, Dr. Kymer (see Hearn, in his edition of Liber niger 
Scaccarn), were it not otherwise well known, in no way obscured the 
lustre of his renown; in an age indeed, when the divorce between 
religion and morality was so conspicuous, and when profligacy in 
high places evoked no surprise and little reprobation ; when the popular 
literature of the time rather represented vice in the clergy as a subject 
of humour than of indignation, and when the most flagrant acts of 



INTRODUCTION. xxv 

• 

immorality were made the subjects of highly-spiced anecdotes, they 
were none the less regarded as the channels of divine grace, and the 
faults of the individual priest or nun were forgotten in veneration 
for the Church — the Church, notwithstanding all, ever the mother 
and home of all that was lovely in art, pure in earthly life, divine 
in heavenly hope. Add to this that the breaking up of the long night 
had already begun to be felt; and even in this remote island (203), 
as one of the letters says, the dawning of the new literature, at present 
but a thin streak of faint light on the horizon, heralded the approach- 
ing day; the internecine butcheries of the Wars of the Roses were 
rapidly exhausting the ancient feudal nobles, a citizen class (29) 
of conspicuous wealth, had already won an important influence, and 
an irrepressible impulse towards knowledge, the history of the past, the 
secrets of distance and futurity, had begun to enlarge the hitherto con- 
tracted, mental, political, and geographical limits of the Christian world. 
We shall not, I think, wonder at the fulsome epithets in which his 
character is lauded, the abject flattery in which his liberality to the 
University is recorded, for with whatsoever drawbacks it be weighted, 
when measured by the balance of a higher morality, the character 
of the Duke is remarkable, nay great. Almost alone of the laity 
in this country he stands forth the champion of culture, to revive the 
dying embers of learning or kindle the flame of a new literature. Nor 
could his advocacy of the Friars, of whose troublesome presence (16 1-7) 
in the University this MS. bears ample witness (16 1-7), blunt the keen 
sense of obligation or shake the solid foundation of obedience so 
great munificence had justly laid {166, 197). The admiration was, 
we may be sure, quite genuine, the gratitude altogether sincere, if 
not perhaps wholly free from that lively sense of future benefits which 
is said to be the constant symptom of its presence : it was with 
a firm faith in their own imperishable remembrance of his beneficence 
that they compared him with the heroes of antiquity, and esteemed 
him as a second founder of the University ; and their last letter, not 
without a sad presage of his death, concludes with the wish that his 
life may be long here and everlasting hereafter. 

But it was not so much to his actual benefactions as to his 
example that the great development of the library, and of the Uni- 
versity generally, traced their source during the remainder of the 
century. Whether the intentions of the Duke of Bedford (94) to 
found lectures were ever carried into effect, we are not distinctly 
informed in this volume; if they were, then his foundation pre- 



X X vi INTRODUCTION. 

9 

ceded tluil of his brodier the Duke of Gloucester, and the will, if 
not the (Iced, should be remembered ; but howsoever that may 
be, the example of Duke Humfrey was speedily followed by others, 
considerable, if not so great as his; and while the public buildings 
above-mentioned were either rebuilt or now first built in Oxford, 
the endowment of lectures, useless without books, also commenced 
at this period of its history ; and in a general sense, before the centpry 
closes, the whole scene hasgreatly changed. The old things of mediaeval 
Oxford had already begun to pass away, the new learning had become 
firmly rooted, and the advance of the new religion, the not distant 
rumbling of that disturbance of the lower strata of society which was 
shortly to upheave the surface of political and religious thought, was 
not obscurely apprehended and foretold (359) ; so that I think it may 
even be asserted with confidence that the efforts to build the Schools 
of Theology and Canon Law, and the rash but successful venture to 
rebuild St. Mary's Church, the heart and centre of Academic life and 
religious teaching, were but the signs of a deep-seated conviction that 
the old faith needed more earnest advocacy, better education, more 
special studies. 

On these points some of the letters are most explicit, and the 
remonstrances most earnest, as the abuses of which they complain 
were most flagrant and unquestionable (151, 3, 169). It was 
thought, and the thought was plainly expressed, that the heresies, 
with which the ecclesiastical horizon was darkened, were rapidly 
spreading and threatening a storm capable of rending the kingdom 
asunder (359). For these existing and impending calamities, the 
promotion of illiterate men to benefices, and the consequent failure 
of eflScient ministrations in the parishes throughout the country, is 
held responsible ; and bitter are the complaints, and earnest the oft- 
repeated prayers, representing the dangers of this state of things; 
and also the disastrous effect upon the Universities and learning 
generally produced by the fatal discouragement of laborious and 
learned clerks, who failed to obtain promotion, lingering in poverty 
and neglect in Oxford, while they saw men promoted over their 
heads who could neither read nor write; and more than once the 
request is urged that the intercession of St. Frideswyde may be 
invoked throughout the province of Canterbury to check the spread 
of wickedness and insubordination, and foster with her effectual 
benediction the growth of piety and the prosperity of learning (360-2). 

Sufficient has been said to show how important was the patronage 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxvii 



of the Duke of Gloucester, how inexpressibly valuable his powerful 
championship and donations of books : for greater detail the reader 
must be content to refer to the letters themselves. 

We have said above that his example was speedily followed, and it 
will perhaps be not unwelcome to the reader if the progress of the 
library is here shortly traced. In this too, as in the case of endowment 
of lectures, the Duke of Bedford's name precedes that of his brother, 
and his gift of books is clearly acknowledged (8i), but does not 
seem to have been one of great magnitude ; moreover, to go farther 
back, Henry the Fifth had anticipated both, by. a bequest of books, 
which however had not been obtained by the University in 1437, 
and whether it was eventually received or not we have no information. 
So tardy and so difficult was the making of the road to learning, 
so unwilling were those who held them to surrender the books they 
had in charge (150-2). 

The next notice of the subject is in a letter of thanks to the Duke 
of Gloucester (114) for a gift of books and money, but no mention 
is made either of the names or nature of the former or of the amount 
of the latter; but only two years later, in 1439, commences that suc- 
cession of life-giving showers wherewith ' the vineyard ' was rendered 
fruitful, and from which an abundant supply of oil from the ' olive-trees ' 
of the University might be expected by the Church. 

The benefactions of the Duke, of which we have specific notice, 
are four in number ; of the first of these, valued at more than 
a thousand pounds {184), we have an indenture of receipt between 
the University and the Duke, containing the names of each book, 
marked, as was usual, in the first words of the second folio; but 
it is not a little singular that the number of the books is variously 
stated as 120 in one place, 126 in another, and, in a third, 129 
volumes. Of the fourth donation also, we have a similar catalogue 
in an indenture of the same description (232); this consisted of 135 
volumes. Of the two intervening donations, we have no further 
record beyond the facts that one consisted of seven and the other 
of nine books. Altogether there were, then, 280 volumes, besides the 
donation, of which no particulars at all are given, as above noted (114)- 
These were all, no doubt, duly received, though of the two smaller 
gifts no indenture is forthcoming. 

But besides these, the Duke being, it appears, in the Congregation- 
house shortly before his death, did by word of mouth then and there, 
in the presence of a large assemblage of Masters (252), promise to 



xx\ iii 



INTRODUCTION. 



give lliciii all iiis Latin books (quos studio dignos arhitratus est) 
(294-5), ' to the lovyng of God, increce of Clergy and connyng men, 
to tlie gode govcrnaunce and prosperite of the Realme of Englond 
withoiitcn cnde,' and often afterwards confirmed the promise by 
messenger, and eventually bequeathed the books in his will (ibid.). 
Unfortunately when his death took place the books had not been 
actually received, and we have a protracted struggle represented to us 
in the numerous epistles to the King, the Marquess of Suffolk, 
W. Waynflete, Dr. Somersett, the House of Commons, the executors 
of the "Duke and others, whose aid or influence is implored to 
obtain possession of them (251, 258, 285). It would seem that the 
books had found their way into other hands (318), and the executors 
themselves do not escape the imputation of having appropriated 
them ; at least that is the inevitable conclusion to be drawn from the 
outspoken letter addressed on the subject to Dr. Somersett (286), one 
of the staunchest friends, be it remembered, of the University. 

Whether or no these books ever came to the library, we have 
no evidence in the volume before us. From a letter to the Bishop 
of Bath and Wells, asking his help in the matter, we find that 
the collection of books by private individuals was not uncommon ; 
and the superior claims cf the University to the possession of these 
treasures and the greater utility of them where they would be in 
constant use is strongly urged as a reason for the employment 
of his powerful assistance to obtain them. Eventually an agent 
was appointed (358), more than twenty years later, with authority 
to collect by every possible means all books and other property 
whatsoever belonging to the University, to prosecute in spiritual 
and lay courts any one unlawfully detaining the same, and with 
powers to grant acknowledgement of receipt of them when duly 
delivered. We find from a letter to the Bishop of London (483), 
after a lapse of ten more years, that thirteen volumes were recovered 
by his instrumentality, but it is probable these were not a portion 
of the Duke's bequest. The effort to obtain that must, one would 
suppose, have collapsed in so long and weary a pursuit. But, in 
any case, these thirteen volumes could have been but a small fraction 
of all the Duke's Latin books. 

What may have been the contents of this last bequest of the 
Duke, we do not know; we are told it consisted of 'all his Latin 
books proper for study,' and again, ' scole ' books, expressions which 
are, I think, significant, and plainly imply that they were of a different 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxix 



character from those contained in the two large donations of which 
we have catalogues in the indentures. It will probably not be 
without surprise that these catalogues will be perused by one who 
inquires into the course of reading and study generally, both at 
the University and among the learned laity of the day. Consisting 
mainly of theological, medical, legal, and philosophical works, with 
several copies of the Italian poets so greatly affected by the Duke, 
but with only a comparatively slender contingent of classical authors 
of antiquity, and with very little that could be useful to the scholar on 
his way to his M.A. degree, to whom we find the bulk of the works 
would be unattractive, nay, to speak plainly, useless. And useless to us 
they would no doubt be found, but I would venture to remind some of 
my readers, who may not be aware how greatly we are indebted 
to the laborious writers of such works, that from these in great 
measure has been compiled, i. e. stolen without acknowledgement, 
nearly all the divinity, the foundation of laws, and much of medical 
knowledge not yet superseded. But, as has been above stated, 
the books w^ere not wanted, and could not be used by the youths 
preparing for the M.A. degree. The learned masters, we repeat, 
were those who stood in such need of them, and to these the 
gifts we speak of were a priceless boon, spending, as they often 
did, their whole time in "the sole pursuit of such learning as was 
prescribed for them by the Academical course, and afterwards finding 
in it the employment of a studious life. 

The practical disappearance of such a class of students from our 
modern Universities diverts our sympathies, and directs our inquiries 
to the younger scholars, and we naturally ask how were their needs re- 
lieved or their position improved by the beneficence of Duke Humfrey. 
It cannot be for a moment supposed that these boys were or could 
be permitted to use the library — their numbers, very probably at some 
periods amounting to as many as two thousand, or even more, would 
render such an indulgence impracticable — nor is there in the statute 
for the regulation of the Kbrary any mention of others than Masters of 
Arts, at the least, who should be entitled to such a privilege ; and 
even for them the space contained in the old library was soon found 
altogether too narrow, so that with the augmentation of the books 
came the need urgently felt for a more commodious receptacle for them 
(244, 390). Nor, again, had the boys leisure for such a purpose; their 
time was occupied in their lectures, i. e. lessons, for which they wanted 
no books, the instruction being wholly oral, writing from dictation, 



XXX 



INTRODUCTION. 



:\iul so forth. Only indirectly, then, did they find themselves 
benefited by these splendid acquisitions to the library, so that when 
we read of the crowds of eager students intent on the books {gregah'm 
incumbunt, 245, 258), we must not picture to ourselves a spirit of 
emulation among schoolboys, or young men such as our modern 
undergraduates, or draw an invidious comparison between the two 
periods, in favour of either according to our private sympathies ; but 
we must revive a throng of mature men (154, 156, 362), among whom 
many already advanced in age ; in many cases their dress is no longer 
new, their features too often suggest a lack of comfort, but their thirst 
for learning is strong; it is a passion, it is a means of rising to a higher 
level not only in the social scale, though there too it was nearly the 
only avenue to rank and power ; for thus not only might the most 
needy rise to the highest dignity the Church — and that was also the 
world — could bestow, but they felt it alone could raise them ' above 
the beasts' (139, 169), a thought and motive often expressed in these 
letters and felt, in a manner we hardly now reahze, in that ignorant 
and brutal stage of society. These were the students, from whom 
rose the chorus of gratitude and praise, when the munificent gifts of 
the Duke revealed to them the unwonted marvel, that one of the 
greatest of statesmen and warriors, of royal birth and noble fortune, 
whose life had been spent in courts and camps, yet through all, and, 
it seemed, above all, retained a cultured taste and educated mind, 
and a practical charity to the needy clerk. 

But the fame of the newly-endowed library was not confined to 
the students of this country; we read that they flocked hither from 
'every part of the world' (1*78), and that incessant was the toil by 
night as well as by day of those, who came from foreign parts as 
well as from every corner of England, to make copies of the books; 
and moreover that the nucleus now established speedily began to 
attract from Greece and Italy and from every country a continual 
stream of books (202), and not only so, but that the original Greek 
(240, 244) language was now within the reach of all. This is a very 
remarkable letter, and the more ,so, because in the catalogue of the 
Duke's books it is doubtful whether we find any Greek book in the 
Greek tongue ; but since all the books given by the Duke of Glou- 
cester have long since disappeared from the library — unless the single 
specimen, which the late librarian (Mr. Cox) told me remained there, 
yet exists — we cannot be satisfied on this point. 

Such are the readers, each, I suppose, intent on making his copy of 



INTRODUCTION, 



xxxi 



some work long hopelessly desired and now at last within his reach ; 
though with very strict limitations, for the statute prescribes that 
every book shall be carefully kept in a chest, and that the librarian 
or chaplain of the University shall have custody thereof. On no 
pretext whatever could any book be borrowed except under an 
indenture, and since probably even these restrictions proved in- 
effectual, the books were afterwards chained to the oak desks, as we 
find in the case of certain books of a later donation (544). This last 
precaution was taken not so much to prevent possible theft, for any 
attempt at such a crime must have been detected, first by the con- 
stant presence of the librarian, whose eye, in so small a chamber, 
could scarcely fail to observe it, but also by the system of marking 
in the register every book so that it would be infallibly recognized 
by the University stationer ; the purpose was rather to prevent the 
monopoly of any book by one reader, and obviate confusion in the 
library. The chief occupation of the readers was, I think, that of 
making copies of the books, first because any real effectual study of 
a particular book by one reader must have been almost impracticable 
under the circumstances, and secondly because such copying is 
clearly recognized as the natural object of readers, for special re- 
strictions are introduced in the statute for the regulation of the 
library, to the effect that under no circumstances shall any book be 
divided into parts and lent to be copied in that condition (188), and 
even the Duke himself could only borrow any book he himself had 
^iven by signing an indenture (ibid.). 

These gifts and bequests of the Duke were followed by others, 
hardly less important though, as might be expected, not so highly 
valued or welcomed with such enthusiasm. Of these, the first is but 
a single hook, Josephus, given by a citizen of London, one Thomas 
Knollej, a grocer and a specimen of the rising class of wealthy 
merchants, whose cultivated tastes in art and literature began to mark 
a new^ era of civilization (222). This was a specially acceptable gift, 
indicating, as it did, an interest in education on the part of such 
citizens, whose good ofiSces would be so efficacious in advancing the 
interests of the University and strengthening the true faith ; we shall 
not be surprised therefore to read that the ' beatific vision ' will 
doubtless be the reward of all such as shall thus exert themselves by 
using their worldly wealth for the glory of God. Next we have a gift 
of the De natura reriim of Alexander Neckham, presented by Master 
Somersett, a famous doctor of medicine (309, 285) and, if I am not 



xxxii 



INTRODUCTION. 



mistaken, a supervisor of the faculty sworn before the Lord Mayor 
along M-ilh Gilbert Kymer (see Memorials of ihe Craft of Surgery^ by 
Darcy Power). The same Dr. Somersett likewise gave other books (3 13) 
and vestments for use in St. Mary's, and if his beneficence did not 
evoke so much gratitude as that of others, perhaps the reason may 
be found in a letter of a very remarkable nature addressed to him by 
the University, wherein more than a suspicion is plainly expressed 
that this distinguished son of their common mother, nourished at her 
breast, was, while presenting his gift, nevertheless privy to the designs 
of those who were wrongfully detaining the much-needed ' Latin 
books,' if not himself personally guilty of that dishonest conduct 
(285). 

A little later comes a gift of several books by Master Richard 
Broun, alias Cordon, a donation qualified by a stipulation, found 
in no other instance, that the donor shall be allowed free use of the 
books during his life, and even be entitled to remove them at will, 
either in person or by his messenger, from the custody of the librarian 
(279). Of a donation by the Duchess of Suffolk, we have no more 
precise account than a general acknowledgement of the gift in 
a letter of thanks (326); but of the gift of his Propinarium, by the 
famous Abbot of St. Alban's, John Whethamstede, we have an 
amusing record in the characteristic letter of thanks addressed to 
him (373). The only other donor of a single volume is Master T. 
Graunt, Precentor of St. Paul's, who presented to the library ' suavis- 
simum librum,' but of this we have no further description (382). It 
is difficult to suppose there were no other such benefactions of single 
books ; none, however, are recorded, though larger bequests and gifts 
were soon to follow. The first of these is that of J. Tiptoft, Earl of 
Worcester, whose literary tastes were not incompatible with a char- 
acter in strong contrast to the adage ' ingenuas didicisse fideliter 
artes, emollit mores nec sinit esse feros.' To him we find a most 
fulsome letter of flattery, and that is nearly all the meaning to be 
extracted from it, so full is it of mistakes and imperfections. I sup- 
pose that, after the death of the Duke of Gloucester, the University, 
casting about for support and countenance among the rich, and 
especially those with a reputation for learning, turned its eyes to the 
Earl of Worcester and approached him with the hope of enlisting 
his sympathy as a patron in some degree calculated to replace the 
irreparable loss they had sustained. Their efforts were so far suc- 
cessful, that it was found upon his death that he had bequeathed 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxxiii 



a large number of books to the University estimated to be of the 
value of not less than five hundred marks (390). We have no 
information as to what was the nature of the books; and whether 
they were ever received or not remains unknown, though we are 
told that thirteen volumes were recovered from wrongful possessors 
(483), but whether these were a portion of the Gloucester or Tiptoft 
bequests, or of what other source, is nowhere mentioned. 

And now the difficulty experienced in obtaining possession of such 
bequests was not thrown away; for it was felt, and none too soon, 
that since the many urgent letters to the great and powerful sons of 
their mother the University proved ineffectual, some more direct steps 
must be taken both to recover, if possible, what was still outstanding, 
and to prevent losses of a similar kind in future; and accordingly 
in the year 147 1 Master Whitley was appointed agent, accredited 
by a patent letter to that effect, to collect and receive all books and 
other property of the University whatsoever and by whomsoever 
detained, to prosecute in any spiritual or temporal court any persons 
illegally detaining them, and empowered to give a sufficient discharge 
for their receipt (358). 

That the library continued to grow, receiving other accessions 
than those here noticed, is, as has been suggested above, very prob- 
able, and that this really happened is the more likely, because hitherto 
no great difficulty is found to have been felt in housing the books ; 
though the narrow limits of the room were rendered yet narrower 
by the system of storing the books in chests, which must have been 
of great size {189) : but now the prospect of further additions made 
it evident that, unless better accommodation could be provided, it 
would not be possible to place the books in security, and at. the 
same time provide necessary room for the constantly increasing number 
of readers. With this in view, the University addresses an urgent 
appeal to the Bishop of Norwich, whose beneficence was well known, 
begging for his assistance in the erection of a suitable building (390). 
The site proposed was over the new Theology School, not yet 
completed, after the lapse of nearly sixty years {5, 469), and this 
plan was apparently approved by the Duke of Gloucester as being 
both a retired and convenient situation {244), in strong contrast with 
the situation of the old hbrary. 

And now there was a solid ground for hope that the long lingering 
Theology School would at last be completed by the magnificent liberality 
of Thos. Kempe, Bishop of London, whose donation of one thousand 



I. 



c 



xxxiV 



INTRODUCTION. 



marks made the accomplishment of the work not so much a question 
of expense, as of finding competent workmen and sufficient scaffold- 
ing and machines. Of the kitter difficulty a solution was at hand, for 
W.Waynflete's new college was only just completed, and the scaffolding 
would serve the purpose for the new school and library excellently 
well. 'I'o W. Waynflete, then, application is made (443). And 
workmen could be engaged if the king would allow any such no 
longer needed by the king himself to be employed on the new 
school (446). All seems to have gone smoothly, the chief obstacle ; 
being removed by the munificence of Thos. Kempe. The work * 
went briskly forward ; and one of the liveliest letters in the volume | 
is that in which the busy labours of the builders are described, [ 
though the engagement of the architect and stonemason and their 
remuneration are also not without a special interest {46, 191); not 
perhaps so much as exhibiting the rates of payment for such services j 
at that date, as for the curious information about the ornamentation \ 
of the building as originally designed, but afterwards abandoned [ 
(ibid.). Others had from time to time contributed both in materials • 
and in money ; a certain Edmund Reed, esquire, especially is noticed 
as having given timber for the work, but it languished for many * 
years from inability to provide the needful money, and it certainly ; 
is due to Thos. Kempe alone that the completion of the work at * 
last, after two generations had seen its unfinished walls looking out ■ 
over the ramparts on the neighbouring house of the Austin friars, 
crowned the efforts of the builders. This, it may be mentioned, for 
the sake of those not well acquainted with such details, is the building ! 
at this day known as the Divinity School, and Duke Humfrey's ; 
Library over it, and the writer may perhaps venture to add that it 1 
has been not without certain pleasure that the whole of the work of \ 
writing the present volumes has been done in that venerable room \ 
sheltered beneath the very rafters, lighted by the very windows of the i 
days long passed away. : 

To recompense in any commensurate degree the donor of the 
books was of course impossible ; the University had but one resource 
—thanks and praise in the present, and prayers and masses for his ; 
soul after death in the future. For these due provision is made in 
the statute for his commemoration, and the bitterest drop in their 
cup was the thought that he was mortal (227), a foreboding ; 
prompted perhaps by the anticipation of actual danger or, perhaps 
merely expressing a natural apprehension of the loss of a life so 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXXV 



valuable. Nor were similar honours, a similar recompense, wanting 
in the case of Thos. Kempe, for whose commemoration, with that 
of his uncle, due provision is made, with one somewhat businesslike 
stipulation, viz. that not until after the completion of the payment 
of the one thousand marks, which was to be made by instalments, 
should any such prayers or masses be said (434). 

From what has been now said, it will be seen that the library 
in all probability increased quickly -by other donations not here 
mentioned. We are told that not only was there a great influx of 
readers, but that this influx was in no small degree augmented by 
foreigners, and that Greek and Latin books also began to be attracted 
to Oxford ; every possible eff'ort, moreover, was made by the Univer- 
sity to augment their store ; we have with this view several letters, 
written to the executors of persons known to be possessed of 
books, begging them to give for the use of the library some of the 
property of the deceased (277, 281), among whom we have another 
citizen of London, John Gedney. The executors were empowered 
to make such gifts for pious uses, and are reminded that by them 
the cause of true religion will be advanced, by furnishing the soldiers 
of the Church with the weapons of its earthly warfare. No further 
large accession, however, is recorded in this MS. for some years, the 
next in order being a promise of some, number not stated, by the 
Bishop of London (533) ; and shortly afterwards, in a letter of thanks 
without address, an unknown benefactor is thanked for a present of 
thirty books and one on medicine, which he is told are, in accordance 
with his request, chained in the library (544). 

Lastly, there is the large number of one hundred and thirty-two 
volumes given by the bountiful Dr. Lichfield, Archdeacon of Middle- 
sex ; for whose exceeding liberality both in this matter and also in 
the rebuilding of St. Mary's Church, to which he was the chief 
contributor (571, 630), we cannot pass unnoticed the comparatively 
slender meed of thanks and praise accorded to him, in contrast with 
the extravagant adulation exhibited in the case of more exalted 
patrons. 

But while we acknowledge some little feeling of surprise, perhaps 
even of disappointment, on this score, it must not be forgotten that 
there is a probable, nay an undoubted, reason for a diminution of the 
gratitude of the University for this kind of benefaction ; for of course 
MS. books must at this date (1489) have become very considerably 
reduced in value by the rapid advance of the art of printing, already in 

c 2 



xxxvi 



INTRODUCTION. 



1 .|6S, as Wood asserts, introduced into Oxford ; and his statements on 
this subject, especially that he saw a book, which he names, there 
printed in 1481, should need no confirmation, though the reader of that 
portion of his history will desiderate references to those authorities and 
sources of information, so numerous in the historical part of his work. 
It is remarkable, to say no more, that not the faintest allusion to 
the art of printing is to be detected in our MS., and yet surely in 
Oxford, if anywhere, the minds of men must have been greatly 
occupied by this discovery, without which we, who look back^ plainly 
discern that neither the liberality nor the enlightened example of Duke 
Humfrey, Thos. Kempe, and the rest of the heroes of the library 
could have failed to produce more than a feeble wave of that tide of 
literature already visibly rolling, forward to swallow up the laborious 
products of the past. 

In this connexion it is not without interest to notice the Latin 
authors read in Oxford at this time ; I speak not of the text-books 
used by the masters in their lessons, but of the authors with whom 
the senior members of the University were familiar, so far as we are 
able to judge from quotations in these letters. Though these are not 
what we can consider any equipment for a scholar at the present 
day, yet the list is on the whole better than might have been 
expected. Cicero is quoted or mentioned on sixteen occasions, 
Virgil several times, Horace, Terence, Sallust, Seneca, Aristotle, 
Plato (these two last from translations), all are met with in more 
than one, some of them in several instances. To these should be 
added a considerable number of historical allusions hardly to be 
discovered in these authors, the source of which certainly may 
be found in the Duke's donations, and I think may fairly be taken 
to imply a considerable knowledge of more ancient authors than at 
first sight we should have been inclined to put to the credit of the 
student of those days, the direction of whose mind was so widely 
separated from the pursuit of such studies. 

If it be thought, and it may be so with reason, that the quotations 
and allusions to ancient classical history are of the most elementary 
character, and rather savour of a schoolboy's early essays than the 
solid learning of reverend masters and doctors; when we find 
Romulus and Camillus, Achilles and Hector, Alexander the Great, 
Pompey, Hannibal and the like made to do duty in comparison with 
the Duke of Gloucester, and the several other benefactors, whose 
praises are thus enhanced, and with the several kings whose patron- 



INTRODUCTION, 



xxxvii 



age is successively sought in such hyperboHc eulogium ; it must be 
remembered, I think, that in the case of most, if not all of the persons 
to whom such letters were addressed, we may fairly give the writers 
credit for selecting such historical characters and allusions as they 
considered were certainly within the somewhat narrow limits of the 
erudition of the laity of the period; that, in short, their object was 
not to display their own learning, but to flatter the patron they 
addressed. 

Some remarks have above been made on the language of the 
epistles in this collection, and no more need be said on that subject, 
but the style and matter of them suggest a few observations ; for here 
we have a very vivid portraiture of some of the most distinctive 
characteristics of academic life, thought, and feeling. ' Alma mater ' 
is an expression familiar to us all, though it may be doubted whether 
the full significance of the words is often appreciated. It is but a part 
of a complete system of allegorical and metaphorical language, ex- 
pressing no mere poetic fancy, no mere figure of speech or empty 
ornament of diction, but a sincere, powerful, and effectual appeal 
to the strongest affections and the most solemn sense of piety and 
duty. With us it has faded into something hardly more substantial 
than a humorous reminiscence of undergraduate life, almost meaning- 
less if not flatly ridiculous. To our forefathers it was far otherwise. 
It must not be forgotten how widely different were the conditions of 
the student's life in those days from anything with which we are now 
conversant. The large majority were quite boys, a very considerable 
proportion mere children, who, once committed to the care of the 
University, remained there with but few and short intervals until the 
attainment of the M.A. degree, and to many of them it was expected, 
and in fact proved, to be their home for life. 

Again the very great preponderance of the priesthood, and conse- 
quent renunciation of family ties by the large majority of the resident 
masters, suggested with a peculiar force the creation of fictitious bonds 
of relationship, and gave them a reality and strength which rooted 
them in the heart and became a powerful motive of action and guide 
of conduct in life. When the Bishop of Salisbury writes to say he will 
bring E. Pole to Oxford, he does but use language expressing the 
universal sentiment, when he says he will come to lay the noble infant 
in his mother's lap (461), and the University in their turn reply that 
he thereby furnishes a proof they did not need of his own filial piety 
(455; 7)- If ai^y privilege of the University was threatened with viola- 



XXXVlll 



INTRODUCTION. 



lion, the Lord Chancellor is appealed to as a son by his mother, com- 
plaining that while she is in labour bringing forth the fruits of learning, 
she is attacked by unnatural sons (97). If an excuse is needed for 
asking help to rebuild St. Mary's, the writers say that the natural 
affection children feel for their parents bids them plead for the church 
of their mother, to whom they owe, not indeed their natural being, 
but more — education to a virtuous life. 

And if the care of their mother and her incessant vigilance were 
ever on the alert to relieve her sons from the anxiety of poverty, 
and to protect them from loss and injury, she was not less solicitous 
for the welfare of those who left her household and were launched 
on the stormy sea of the outside world; following their course and 
accompanying them on their journey by testimonial letters bearing 
witness to their blameless conduct and proved erudition, their un- 
disputed orthodoxy, or their ministerial abilities ; or sometimes she 
would back their suits, to pope, king, or bishop, and commend them 
to all and sundry by whom preferment could be given, or from whom 
advancement or assistance might be expected; and to whom the 
writers express their hope that, though he to whom they address 
themselves be rather of an age when the title of father would be more 
appropriate, he will not disdain to be called a son. As the mother 
of Zebedee's children she entreats for her sons, as the woman of 
Canaan she perseveres in her prayer for them (46, 102). As Rachel 
for her lost children, she mourns the dwindling numbers of her sons \ 
(5 7» 155' 494); when from scarcity of provisions, the disastrous effect of 
the protracted and desolating war, the University finds her members 
so scanty that halls and inns are closed. If, when asked for' help, 
they respond with liberality, she rejoices that they are so successful in 
life, and that she has been so favoured as to have given birth to sons 
so distinguished (120, 309), and whose gratitude does not suffer them 
to forget the mother that suckled them in their infancy. The idea, or 
allegory, is indeed worked out in every detail, of which the foregoing 
are but a few specimens, and is made the basis upon which favours 
are entreated, obedience claimed, and every appeal for sympathy is 
made more or less to rest. The evil reputation of stepmothers is not 
forgotten, but repeatedly pressed into the service ; while the University 
is the mother, poverty is the stepmother, of learning, whose malign 
influence, if it be not counteracted by the charity of their more 
prosperous brethren, must blast the scholar's life, extinguish the flame 
of science and virtue, the learning which raises man above the beasts 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxxix 



and lifts him up to heaven {139, 169), and whose loss, to use Seneca's 
expression, would be no less than a separation of soul and body (291). 
Thus (117) also in the testimonial letters, though not in all, it is de- 
clared that what is done for the advancement of one benefits the 
whole body corporate. 

But if the motherhood of the University was practically asserted and 
incessantly claimed, the brotherhood of its members was not less con- 
stantly inculcated, but was also actually cemented, not by figurative and 
allegorical terms, but by very real and tangible means. Again, every 
step in the scholar's career, every office in the University, from the 
Chancellor downwards, was defined and guarded by most solemn and 
stringent oaths (159), to break which we find, even in so small a matter 
as necessary residence (8), was deemed to require nothing less than 
a papal dispensation : and it is not a little significant that the crime of 
perjury, involved in any violation of such oaths, and the summons to 
appear before the Chancellor at St. Mary's for the ' correction of the 
soul' (318), involved the penalty of excommunication, with deprivation 
of degrees, banishment, &c. (450). Even the failure to pay the fee for 
licence in Arts, or to faithfully render an account by the guardian 
of a chest, seems to have involved these most alarming consequences. 
Similarly stringent, and obeyed with more ready allegiance, were those 
oaths by which all masters were bound to cast their votes, at 
elections of officers of the University, without fear or favour ; and it 
is not without a feeling of astonishment, if not of admiration, that we 
witness the steadfastness with which this poor brotherhood of defence- 
less clerks stood shoulder to shoulder and defied the king and their 
greatest friend their Chancellor, declining on more than one occasion 
to elect a bedel at their nomination (663), or to surrender a political 
offender 'lurking' in Oxford (513-523). 

The privileges of the University and their violation, either by her 
own unnatural sons or by the townsmen or others, chiefly in suing 
members of the privilege in a court other than that of the Chan- 
cellor, are a very frequent subject of these letters : and though her 
purse was short, her" arms were long, and they were stretched out in 
urgent entreaty for help to maintain the fortress and repel the foe. 
Every son educated by his mother and successful in the world was 
another source of strength and aid in time of need. No sooner is 
one such appointed to any office or dignity in Church or State than 
he receives a letter of congratulation on his great promotion, and 
of thankfulness to God for the good influence he cannot fail to 



xl 



INTRODUCTION. 



cxcrl in the discharge of his duties; and for having raised up 
such a pillar of strength in a son who will never fail to remember 
the debt of gratitude he will ever owe to the mother whose ubera 
ficT/arca sngcbat (120). The other great difficulty the University had 
to contend with was the exactions of the town and civic officers 
(40, 108, 343), and both in this case and in the former it was the 
poverty of the University that was the weak point ; in the one, the 
ruinous expenses of suits (143) from the venality of justice (649), 
the remoteness of the lay courts and consequent difficulty of obeying 
the citations and providing for the attendance of witnesses ; in the 
other the extortionate prices of provisions and rents of houses alike 
struck at the very life of the University. 

Thus, then, this ' city of the priests/ protected from without by the 
rampart of privilege, and defended within by the solidarity of the 
garrison, united by the closest bonds of motherhood and brotherhood ; 
whose members felt their mutual sympathies and interests knit ever 
more firmly by that most enduring of all affections, which grows up 
between those who have lived long together in the same society in 
pursuit of the samiC studies (658); armed with books, the weapons of 
the soldier of the Church {281, 296), waged a bloodless warfare (300) 
against the enemies of the true faith (41, 168, 226, 338), the vices of 
a brutal age, and the furious hostility of the world both to learning 
and religion (359, 604). And it is to their sympathy with this noble 
struggle that we see constant appeal made to the friends of civil order 
in the state, orthodoxy in the Church, and virtue and science every- 
where. The writers are well aware that the affection of parents for 
their children is greater than that of the children for the parents (664), 
yet they urge the claim that parents have to the honour and respect of 
their offspring and to their help in time of need; to the House of 
Commons they plead that the University is the ' moder lanterne and 
welle of the clergy' (294), and entreat that, if the design of taking 
away again {resumptio) of the lands given for pious uses by the king be 
indeed carried into effect, at least the endowments of the colleges may 
be excepted ; foundations ' of piouse intencione to y® worship of God 
and encrese of holy fayth by diverse sciencys and vertus of home 
growyt' (294). 

It will be noticed that the metaphorical figures and allegorical 
language employed, of which only a specimen here and there are here 
quoted in this introduction, are exceedingly numerous, and may be 
said to pervade the whole of the volume ; but those of most frequent 



INTRODUCTION, 



xH 



occurrence are such as belong to the description of the University and 
its individual members, and cannot fail to depict in a vivid light how 
great is the contrast between these letters — all of which are, as we 
should express it, on business — and such as would be written on 
similar subjects at the present day. In defence of the privilege, the 
King or Lord Chancellor are reminded that the University is the vine- 
yard of the Lord, and that vainly is it fenced about (193) if the fences 
are not maintained ; if the whirlwinds of political strife devastate the 
labours of the husbandman, and if no defenders prevent the enemy 
from leaping over the boundaries, or the beasts of the field from 
devouring the fruits. Here are planted the olive-trees, from which 
alone can be produced the oil of sound doctrine; here the pearl of 
great price, science and virtue, is the object of the student's incessant 
toil ; who, if not sustained and refreshed by the streams of charity, 
must wither in the arid soil of poverty, and bring no fruit to per- 
fection. If the Pope, or some great prelate, is exhorted to remember 
the mother of so many, who have grown up to become ' fathers rather 
than sons,' he is compared to some stately cedar, beneath whose 
beneficent protection the humble shrubs find shelter. 

To these might be added many more similar figures, and especially 
such as are of most frequent occurrence; as that of the ship tossed on 
the waves of the troubled world and steered by the ' Nauta indefectibilis'; 
together with such other imagery as belongs to the several parables, 
and in particular those derived from agriculture ; but enough has been 
said to give an idea of the general texture of the letters to any who 
may read this introduction and not find time or inclination for a more 
close acquaintance with the pages that follow it. No more is here 
attempted on this part of the subject ; but there are^yet a few points 
deserving notice — amusing characteristics of the writers. Not the 
least of these is the scrupulous care everywhere taken to adapt the 
address and language of the epistles to the quality, position, or 
character of those to whom they are written. The example of Thetis 
in her prayer to Zeus is continually borne in mind, and the patron is 
ever reminded how great have been his kindness and care in the past ; 
som.etimes, indeed, it is to be feared, not without some sacrifice of 
truth, as when in soliciting from the black monks a contribution for 
the new Theology School, they are flattered by being told that the 
University owes its foundation to them (21). When it is proposed to 
invite the assistance of the wealthy citizens of London in furtherance 
of the same object, the Master of St. Thomas' (29) is asked to give 



xlii 



INTRODUCTION, 



his advice on the style of letter to be used to the greatest advantage ; 
how, as it is expressed, ' to cast the net on the right side of the ship ' : 
the useful topics of flattery in the case seem to have been familiar, 
* cives venerabiles, qui divitiis fulgent, devotione relucent et largitate 
precellunt, nobiliores in dignitate, potentiores in thesauris,' and what is 
certainly not a little difficult to understand, ^ praeclariores in forma ' ; 
for how or why the wealthy citizens should possess peculiar personal 
attractions is at least a puzzling inquiry. The Chancellor, however, 
though furnished with all these means of stimulating their charity, did 
not feel confident that he could throw his net over any miraculous 
draught. 

When the succour of the secular arm is invoked to repress 
disorders beyond the apostolic (318, 449) or academic powers of the 
Chancellor to control, the Earl of Warwick is told that power and 
knowledge must assist each other, for military force will fail if not 
directed by wisdom (56) ; and the Duke of Bedford, whose sympathy 
with learning had already been proved by substantial assistance of the 
poor clerks (53, 81), and was expected to be further manifested by 
a foundation of lectures (106), is flattered by the evidence of history to 
show that learning is the defence of kingdoms. In a similar style of 
mingled exhortation and supplication, the Earl of Staflbrd is implored 
to interfere to quell the disturbance in the University, because rulers 
are therefore intrusted with the sword that they may maintain peace 
and do justice. When the Earl of Northumberland endows University 
College, ' our eldest daughter,' with the advowson of Arncliffe, he is 
comforted by the assurance that immortal honour is by no actions so 
surely obtained as by those that foster the true faith and provide 
medicine for the soul (220). When the University firmly but respect- 
fully declines to readmit Morgan Philipp to residence at the request of 
Henry VI (264), we shall note the grounds on which the refusal is 
made, and see an adaptation of the phraseology to the known religious 
character of the king ; as also in the letter of congratulation to the 
same monarch on his recovery of the throne, w^herein the examples of 
David and Solomon are made to do duty in enforcing the rhetoric (392). 

On the other hand, we shall find no scriptural allusions or religious 
language in the epistles to Edward IV. His zeal for the faith is 
thankfully acknowledged, his beautiful buildings are duly praised, his 
favour to the clergy and unsparing eff"orts to extirpate heresy are 
gratefully admired, but the pious argument ad hominem is lacking. 
Henry VII, again, whose pretension to learning and practical wisdom, 



INTRODUCTION. 



xliii 



in addition to the glory of victory, were sufficiently well known, finds 
these qualities indirectly attributed to him in the comparison of his 
character to that of Hannibal and Alexander the Great, whose exploits 
in war were equalled by his wisdom in his patronage of the 'University' 
of Athens (500), the noblest action of his glorious life. Similar adapta- 
tion is observable in a very conspicuous degree in the case of 
Richard III, to whom unselfish aims, true patriotism and zeal for the 
glory of God, are attributed in language only to be accounted for on 
the supposition ; either that his assumption of such a character was well 
known to the writers, who dexterously made use of it to obtain his 
favour; or, which is conceivable, that they really believed in the reality 
of his pretended claims, and, immersed in the labours of teaching and 
study, had but a slender acquaintance with the greater world : con- 
ceivable, but not probable ; for, so far as these letters throw any light 
on the subject, they would incline us to think that those who directed 
the lesser politics of the Oxford world were shrewd, practical men, and 
exhibited no lack of practical wisdom in their dealings with those 
in power. I am afraid we cannot acquit the writers of unblushing 
flattery, in this, as in other instances, affecting a recognition of 
false claims, rather than expressing a sincere appreciation of true 
character. 

To turn to a lighter shade of the same portraiture of these letters ; 
not infrequently it was considered to be in good taste to make the name 
of the person addressed a sort of humorous vehicle to convey a com- 
pliment, or a motive for complying with the request of the writer. So 
Geoffrey Simeon, Dean of the Chapel Royal, is assured that the devout 
Simeon felt not greater joy receiving the Saviour in his arms than does 
the University in having educated so distinguished a son (684). ' And 
when John Whethampstead (Johannes de loco frumenti) presents his 
work, the Propinarium^ to the library, his gift is gratefully acknow- 
ledged, with the remark that the Duke of Gloucester had already 
provided food by giving the author's other work, the Gi'anai'ium^ 
and now they found themselves able also to slake their thirst from 
this other production of his pen ; adding, in a similar strain, their 
intention to pray that, though he may have to suffer thirst in this 
mortal life, he may drink from the eternal fountain in the life to 
come (373). This was considered a very pretty compliment, no doubt ; 
but very different are some of the modes of thought or expressions 
then esteemed both appropriate and not irreverent ; and it requires 
some effort to place oneself in the circumstances of the writer to be 



xliv 



INTRODUCTION, 



able to read without a distinct shock of surprise, if of no stronger 
emotion, the language employed in thanking the king for his intention 
both to provide for the good education of his own children and, which 
was of more importance to the University, to allow his nephew, E. Pole, 
to be sent to Oxford for that purpose. As the King of Kings, he is 
gravely told, selected the Jewish nation from all the world, and made 
His Son to be incarnate of that chosen race, so had he chosen Oxford 
to be the special object of his favour : to whom, then, could he more 
prudently commit the care of this adopted child of God than to the 
University, wherein would then be living a likeness of his own glory 

(456)! 

Of the letters to the kings generally, it may be noticed that all 
are conceived in somewhat more of stately style and language, as 
might be expected ; but with few exceptions, the one, or rather two, 
all-engrossing subjects, poverty and privilege, the relief of the one and 
the maintenance of the other, are the monotonous burden of the 
melancholy ditty. It is significant that while in every other instance 
a congratulatory letter greets the king on his accession, we do not 
find one to have been written to Edward IV; though on his recovery 
of the throne, the joy and thankfulness for that event, and confident 
hope that the conclusion of the Civil War was now attained, were 
expressed in no measured terms. Probably the regret of the Uni- 
versity and clergy generally at the fall of Henry VI was deep and 
heartfelt. In him they had found a constant and generous patron ; 
but during the ten succeeding years their experience of Edward IV, 
whose advent had been dreaded, completely w^on their regard and 
confidence ; his vices, if gross, were not unpopular, and much could 
be condoned to one so unswerving in the persecution of heresy, so 
gracious in the patronage of learning. On the whole, I suppose we 
must admit that obsequiousness and flattery are the prevailing tone of 
these letters, greeting each king in turn with praise and congratulation 
only so far modified as the circumstances of each case required. Thus 
Henry VI's restoration is a miraculous restitution, an undoubted work 
of God. The letter to Edward IV in the same year is couched in 
similar language ; but to suppress regret and eschew comparisons was 
of course obvious policy no less than mere politeness, and it must be 
borne in mind that the continuation of the royal favour was vitally 
necessary to the very existence of the University. 

If, then, it is not without a slight sense of shame that we notice these 
features in the letters, we shall on the other hand welcome the reverse 



INTRODUCTION. 



xlv 



side of the picture. For if, on the one hand the writers hardly escape 
the charge of insincerity, on the other we cannot withhold both surprise 
and admiration at the constancy and courage with which, on more 
than one occasion, we find the whole University standing shoulder to 
shoulder, to resist what they considered unjustifiable interference of 
the king and others, in the management of their academic elections 
and other private concerns. It is true that in some of the instances, 
of which several occur, the matter in question is, as we should regard 
it, of a trivial character ; as, e. g. the refusal to readmit Morgan Philipp ; 
the less energetic defence of their conduct in the banishment of an 
infamous woman (486); or, again, the several occasions on which the 
wishes of the king, the prince, and the Bishop of Lincoln, and their 
letters in favour of their nominees for the office of bedel, were dis- 
regarded ; and it is possible that, though the office was in those days 
one of great importance and some dignity, and would provide comfort- 
ably for one of the king's gentlemen, the king may have smiled, not 
without approval, at the sturdy independence of the clerks in main- 
taining the purity of their elections and the sanctity of their oath. 
But the case was widely diff"erent when Henry VII demanded the 
surrender of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, a political off"ender 
' lurking,' as was said, at Oxford, and when the royal summons failed 
to elicit a direct reply, but only fair words and 'lytyl or none eff'ect off" 
dede.' Indeed, the not obscure threats of the angry king plainly show 
that if a solution of the difficulty had not been discovered and a com- 
promise eff'ected by the Bishop of Lincoln, nothing short of absolute 
revocation of all privilege, and consequent corporate extinction, was 
apprehended (513-521). So, too, the very well-written defence of 
John Morton, Bishop of Ely {493-4), must have been felt to be 
a very hazardous exercise of eloquence ; and that courage was not 
lacking so to address such a king as Richard III, certainly implies in 
the writers, in addition to a conviction of the justice of their plea, an 
advancing sense of confidence and strength. 

I cannot conclude these remarks on the style of the letters without 
a few words on a ■ very prominent, though not very important, note 
common to them all; I allude to the extraordinary profusion and 
variety of the abstract titles of honour in which not only popes, 
kings, and bishops are addressed, but even ordinary citizens of no rank 
whatever : of these last even a London grocer is styled 'reverencia tua,' 
a military man * strenuitas tua/ and, of course, priests ' paternitates 
vestrae.' 



xlvi 



INTRODUCTION. 



It would be no uninteresting inquiry to trace the growth of this 
language of deference or servility, the use of which has remained with 
us to the present day. The earliest instance I find of anything in this 
kind is in the twelfth letter of Pliny to Trajan, where he uses the words 
' bonitas tua/ But that, I think, is hapaxlegomenon. In the letters of 
Symmachus the use of these titles had become not uncommon ; thus 
we find him addressing the emperor as ^ mansuetudo tua/ ' perennita,s 
tua,' * aeternitas tua,' ' dementia,' ' sublimitas,' ' pietas,' &c. Yet even 
at that day (390 a. d.), considering the large number of his epistles 
and their length, we shall find, I think, that the instances of the use 
of these titles of honour are by no means numerous. It remained 
for a later age to develop the practice, probably confined, in the first 
instance, to correspondence with the emperors, and subsequently 
extended, at Constantinople, to the innumerable officials and creatures 
of the court ; whose vanity was gratified and favour cultivated by an 
organized system of parasitic adulation unknown before in the 
western world. Closely connected with this practice is the style 
of the concluding sentences of the letters ; for in these also the rank 
or position in life are distinguished with the most curious exactitude ; 
so much so that not infrequently, where no title to the epistle exists, 
we are enabled to identify the person to whom it was written. The 
invariable practice (suppose, for instance, a request for help) was 
to express a fervent prayer that God would reward the donor, or 
expected benefactor, with a recompense commensurate with his gene- 
rosity ; for the University has nothing but a spiritual return to make, 
but she offers, like the widow, all she has, and will ever remember 
him in her prayers, &c. In the case of a soldier this will be 
expressed as a prayer that, ' after the warfare of this life ended, he 
may be granted a triumph in heaven' (65); or if his aid be invoked 
to quell a disturbance or preserve tranquillity in Oxford, it is the 
' Prince of peace ' whose blessing is implored. If a dignitary of the 
Church be the recipient, the guidance of his flock in his earthly 
charge, and the peace of the Church, are remembered along with 
supplication for his enjoyment of the beatific vision. For the citizen 
grocer, prayers shall not be lacking that his business may increase and 
prosper {223). From observing this peculiarity, I think it may be 
concluded that there existed in the year 1427 a society or guild of 
physicians : for in a letter asking for assistance to build the Theology 
School (28), commencing ' honorandi et in Christo carissimi,' the 
concluding words are ' ad solatium pauperum longaevet in prosperis 



INTRODUCriON. 



xlvii 



Medicus vitalis omnium.' In the Memorials of ihe Craft of Surgery , 
by Darcy Power, it is stated (pp. 53, 299) that no separate society 
of physicians is mentioned before Linacre's time; so great is the 
care, however, in discriminating rank and station of Hfe in these 
letters, that I am incKned to think there may have been such 
a separate guild. Even superiority of rank and office in one bishop 
over others is carefully recognized; for the Bishop of Bath and 
Wells, being also Lord Chancellor, the prayer is, 'Deus pater 
paternitatem vestram reverendissimam inter sanctos antistites prae- 
sidere tribuat in excelsis,' while an ordinary bishop is held to be 
sufficiently provided for by ' paternitatem vestram diutine conservet 
in prosperis/ &c. 

The epistle, then, thus carefully prepared and approved by Congre- 
gation, was entrusted to a faithful messenger, in whose fidelity implicit 
trust is alike expressed in the writers and invited in the recipient of 
the missive. And this was no unimportant precaution ; for it will not 
escape the notice of even a cursory reader that in almost all the 
letters there is a ' hiatus valde deflendus ' ; for they are all conceived 
in the most general terms, the details of the business and all the 
circumstances of the difficulty are, unfortunately for us, left to be 
supplied by word of mouth of the messenger, who voinere verhi 
will unfold the matter at full length. Sometimes, indeed very fre- 
quently, the Chancellor himself in person conveyed the letter, but 
sometimes, and more often, it was committed to the care of a trusted 
messenger ; and it is not without a strong curiosity that we imagine the 
interview, for it is precisely in such intimate relations that history is 
lacking and all is left to imagination. The progress, too, of the 
Chancellor on his journey, in which plainly both robbery and the 
surprise of his secrets were a danger to be apprehended, would be of 
a most entertaining description could we but gain a sight of him, 
riding with his attendants by cross-roads or no roads, carrying all 
their academical dress and ornament so as to appear before the King 
or the great Archbishop or Chancellor not without a dignity be- 
coming the occasion. We have, however, one humorous letter from 
the Bishop of Lincoln {513), describing, but briefly, his misadven- 
tures in riding about his diocese discharging arrears of duty, in the 
course of which he finds himself without the needful academical 
dress, so that he cannot make his appearance, as he had hoped 
to do, at Oxford. 

This introduction, already, I fear, too long, must now be brought 



xlviii 



INTRODUCTION. 



to a close ; the purpose of it is not to give an account of all that is to 
be found in the pages of the book to which it is prefixed, but to give 
a sketch of those most salient points, as I conceive, which are 
peculiar to the epistles, and serve to illustrate the life and manners 
of the University in the fifteenth century. To comment upon other 
things, or to attempt a connected history, is of course both impossible 
and unnecessary ; impossible in this work, for it would have required 
an introduction as long as the whole work itself ; unnecessary because 
the history of the University, so far as facts and dates may be so 
considered, is, I think, sufficiently well known from other sources, 
and there is little new in that kind to be found, I believe, in these two 
volumes. I may observe also, in conclusion, that it is hoped the 
analyses prefixed to every letter will in no small degree be found, as 
they are designed to do, to render a longer introduction superfluous. 
As to the general history of England, in so far as it touches the events 
and preoccupations of University life, nothing can be, for the same 
reasons, attempted in this place. And indeed there is nothing, I think, 
of any considerable imiportance likely to result from a discursion into 
so wide a field, were it within the scope of the writer. Here and there 
a little point strikes the reader; for instance, the use of the word 
' nex ' in speaking of the death of the Duke of Gloucester — but we 
cannot infer from this that the writer believed that death to be due to 
violence ; for the word in baser latinity is used as synonymous with 
' mors.' Again, in the notes to Lingard (vol. iii. note B), is noticed 
an attempt to ' whitewash ' the character of Richard III by purging 
him of the charge of murdering the princes. If the dates of his 
journey, in which Oxford was one halting-place, could be exactly 
determined, the argument for or against, so far, would be conclusive ; 
but here again our MS. does not help us, his visit to Oxford being 
mentioned, indeed, but without date. 

Here, then, I take leave of this MS., and hope the present repro- 
duction of it may prove of some interest to the reader ; to say that the 
labour of preparing it for the press has been great, will be easily 
understood. Neither in deciphering the original, in many parts ex- 
tremely difficult to read, nor in transcribing, nor in any other way, 
has anything been deputed to another ; so that the present editor is 
wholly responsible for the result. A few portions of the MS. are 
selected as specimens, some of the better, some of the worse hands. 
In this choice the Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Magrath, kindly assisted me 
by his judgement, for which I thank him, as also for his general 



INTRODUCTION. 



xlix 



interest in the progress of the work ; an interest extended generally 
to historical subjects, and which would, I feel sure, have found 
expression in more literary results, had not his time been so fully, 
and more usefully, employed in the administrative labours of his 
busy life. 

HENRY ANSTEY. 

Uplands, Oxford, 

September 20, 1898. 



d 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS, 



i. No. 62, page 77, line 9 (fol. 23 a) . 

ii. Page 192, line i (fol. 55 b) . . . 

iii. Page 207, line 3 (fol. 60 b) . . . 

iv. No. 153, page 208, line 27 (fol. 61 a) 
V. No. 169, page 230, line 29 (fol. 67 a) 

vi. Page 257, line 6 (fol. 76 a) . . . 

vii. No. 208, page 293, line 29 (fol. 91a) 

viii. No. 217, page 303, line 32 (fol. 94 b) 

ix. Page 407, line 21 (fol. 125 a) . . 

X. No. 271, page 424, line 22 (fol. 129 b) 

xi. No. 370, page 542, line 25 (fol. 159 b) 

xii. No. 399, page 569, line 22 (fol. 165 b) 

xiii. No. 449, page 604, line 14 (fol. 172 b) 

xiv. No. 508, page 667, line 10 (fol. 185 b) 



y At end of Pari L 



\ At end of Part 11. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE^ foLi 
OXON, 



I. 

Littera directa domino Cantuariensi pro promocione 
et provisione. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. A deputation sent to wait upon 
him : thanks for promotion of their Chancellor : other bishops do not 
give effect to the ^provincial constitution ' by promotion of graduates ; his 
grace is earnestly requested to apply a remedy. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et Domine, premissa nostra recom- 14.21. 
mefidacione humillima, cum omnimodis obediencia et honore debitis 
tanto patri. Inclinet se, quesumus, suis oratoribus perpetuis vestre 
paternitatis pietas, et gracie ianuam nostris nunciis apperiat cum 
visceribus compassivis. Recolimus gaudenter vestre gratissime affec- 
cionis penes promocionem graduatorum, et regraciamur ex intimis 
quod execucionem vestre constitucionis provincialis non sub modio 

^ Registrum lohannis Farley is written in late hand at left-hand corner of first 
folio of this MS., see fol. 114 b, where J. Farley has written his name in Greek 
characters, as also on folio 115 b and elsewhere. 

Note in late hand on leaf facing first page of the MS. Reg. F. 

Hunc librum ab Academia Oxoniensi olim surreptum vel abalienatum venerabilis 
vir Dominus Dr. Abbott, tunc Collegii Universitatis Magister et ecclesiae cathedralis 
Wyntoniensis Decanus, nunc autem Archiepiscopus Cantuariensis, Wyntoniae 
invenit, et, anno vicecancellariatus sui tertio, hoc est anno Domini 1605, in quadam 
Convocatione, universitati Oxoniensi restituit. 

Another hand writes on the same leaf: 

' Ab anno Domini 1422 usque ad annum Domini 1503 — partim etiam ad annum 
Domini 1508 ut in folio penult.' This, however, seems to be not quite correct, for 
the first epistle in the MS. is dated July 7th, the second February 13th, the third 
July 6th, 1422, so that the date of the first must be in the year 1421. 

B 



2 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



latere volnistis, sed, ad ceterorum venerabilium patrum lucidum exem- 
plum, supra candelabrum in aperto lucescere ponere decrevistis, in 
graciosa promocione domini nostri Cancellarii ; humillime imprecando 
contentacionem felicem pregustate dulcedinis. Sed, dum hiis gaudio- 
rum exhilaramur iniciis, nos circumvenire videntur^ motiva meroris, 
ut, quod vestra immensa paternitas nobis erexit in titulum gaudiosum, 
ceteri, ut ^ credimus, honorabiles patres et prelati eiusdem execucionem 
non curant reponere in effectum. Ad cuius reformacionem et tanii 
vulneris medelam, quesumus ut nobis vestre manus paternales super- 
veniant effectualiter adjutrices. Amantissime pater, ex spe firmissima 
quam habemus, vestre dominacioni graciose quatuor de nostris con- 
fratribus, scilicet magistrum Petrum Partrick sacre pagine professorem, 
T. Colas nostrum procuratorem ex officio, Ricardum Praty scolarem 
in theologia et Robertum Beomond raagistros in artibus duximus 
destinandos, quibus dignemini fidem indubiam adhibere, et vestram 
dominacionem in suo apice pastorali conservet summus Pastor felicis- 
sime, ad ecclesie et cleri incrementum cum omnimodis prosperis et 
honore. Scripta in domo nostre congregacionis sepHmo die mensis lulii. 
Vestre paternitatis reverendissime humillimi oratores et perpetui Can- 
cellarius regentes et non-regentes vestre Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

2. 

Letter to the Bishop of London ^ 

To the Bishop of London: begging him to dispense with residence on 
his cure in the case of Master Simon Alcok, rector of Westyllebury^ in 
order that he may be able to remain at Oxford^ and^ by his example and 
teaching, advance the study of theology. 

1421. Reverendo in Christo patri et Domino Johanni Dei gracia Lon- 
doniensi episcopo, domino suo singulari et precipuo protectori 

Honoracionis precipue virentem fervorem a devoti cordis germi- 
nantem radicibus, et sub vestre dominantis proteccionis aura faventi 
vestre exaltacionis commoda semper prospere vegetari. O venerande 
pastor, ecclesie sidus, cleri cedrus et presulum gemma preradians; 

1 indies erased after videnlur, MS. ^ ut inserted ov6r the line, ib. 

^ Where there is no title in the MS., it will be understood that the title given in 
English has been supplied by the editor in all cases. 

* This address is at the end of the letter in the MS. To avoid repetition, it may 
be here observed that no uniform method is used in the MS. Sometimes the 
address is at the beginning, other times at the end of the letter ; it seems to be 
more convenient to arrange all the letters in the same order, and this has been 
done. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



3 



limpide racionis vivax consilium vestre discrete mentis in aula senten- 
ciat quod honoris paterni tunc flos decenter pululat et digne laudis 
fragrancia redolescit in populo, quociens humilium filiorum iusto 
precamini sue exaudicionis ianuas benigne reserat clemens pater. 
Filius itaque naturalis legis stateram examine iusto ponderat, qui, 
materne deprecacionis pulsatus instanciis, a sue recordacionis non 
abradit registro ubera predulcia que sugebat ; quorum pretextam seriem 
dum Universitas nostra mature deliberacionis convertit ad aciem, 
nostra peticionis audacitas dupplicis confidencie alas iam induit, ut 
vestre secure convolet clemencie pastorali. Quoniam spe inconcussa 

tenemus quod tarn in vobis gratuite filiacionis nobilitas, per ^ 

rivos alme Universitatis nostre potata de pectore, materne precis 
saciabit affectum, quam eciam vestre paterne dignitatis sublimitas 
pontificalis eminencie tronizata in arce, nostri precaminis filialis 
graciose dilabetur ad vallem, et precipue in hiis que vestre episcopalis 
celsitudinis onus alleviant, vobis commissi gregis salutem amplificant, 
et nostri lumen honoris pariunt nutriunt et decorant. Quocirca pro 
magistro Simone Alcok rectore ecclesie parochialis de Westyllebury 
vestre diocesis, quern in artibus magistralis decoris venustat habilitas, 
theologicique studii collaudat infancia, nostre humilitatis preces, sinceri 
cordis accensas fervoribus, vestre veneracionis ad conspectum perdu- 
cimus, attencius supplicando quatenus dictum magistrum, in orto studii 
virentem palmitem, vestre ordinarie vocacionis securis nondum ad 
residendum in beneficio suo nostri cetus prescindat a vite ; quin pocius 
ipsum vestrarum literarum pro certis annis quesumus fulcite tutela, ut 
ipse in vitali ligno theologice facultatis decenter iam ramificans peram- 
plius frondeat, frondescens germinet, germinansque floreat, et flores- 
cens fructificet in catholice doctrine semine, quod posterius in ani- 
marum campis spargere poterit habundanter. Huius revera nostra 
peticionis vullum ad graciosi consensus amplexum eo cicius, ut spera- 
mus, vestri predigni pontificatus invitabit prudencia, quo has nostre 
supplicacionis fervide vobis immolamus primicias pro viro qui ingenio 
extat non chaos sed stella, moribus non urtica sed rosa, in studio non 
fucus sed apis ^ fructifera, et in sue conversacionis exemplo non lignum 
aridum sed oliva; ymmo, si eius ad laudem nostre commendacionis 
veridice non immerito laxantur habene, inficte assercionis testari potest 
Veritas quod est hie vita speculum, honestatis lucerna et vere virtutis 
balsamum, quod, divine ducatu gracie, intra latas vestre diocesis 
fimbrias doctrinalis odoris dulcedinem largiter exalabit. Et utinam in 
agro dominico vestre cure multi tales nascerentur agricole, qui tribulos 



^ A word obliterated, MS. 

B 2 



* apea ib. 



4 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



a segete, zizannia a tritico, et virtutis granum a viciorum palea extirpare 
noscerent velut iste, qui seduli sudore studii inter nos sane doctrine 
metit manipulos, quibus oves Christiani ovilis in future disponit 
pascere ; si sibi a vestre sede potestatis emanet auctoritas ad sancte 
predicacionis imbres distillandum in pascua gregis Christi. Qui, 
Fol. I b. futurorum bonorum Pontifex, et Princeps regum terre, ad nostre con- 
solacionis solacium, dies vestros adaugeat adauctosque felicitet in 
culmine prelacie. Scriptum in domo nostre congregacionis sub sigillo 
nostro communi tercio decimo die mensis Fehruarii. Vestri humiles 
et perpetui oratores Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque 
unanimis regencium in eadem. 

3- 

Testimonial Letter for Master Robert Pyke. 

1422. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Domino sempiternam. 
Cum non deceat honeste conversacionis lucernam occultari sub modio, 
sed pocius hiis, qui in domo Domini sunt, in aperto lucescere, ut sit 
fidelibus in exemplum; iccirco laudabilem ipsorum vitam, qui inter 
nos disciplinis scolasticis insistebant diucius, ad communem hominum 
noticiam eo fervenciori studio pervenire cupimus, quo nonnullos credi- 
mus ea occasione ad maioris honestatis graciam invitari. Quia ergo 
venerabilis vir Robertus Pyke, in artibus magister, inter nos in 
moribus et sciencia sic profecit, quod, tam laudabiliter quam honeste 
inter socios conversando, ceteris se prebuit studii et virtutis exemplum, 
ne ex aliqua calumpniancium invidia tante honestatis splendor 
mendaciorum nebulis obfuscetur, ad commendacionem dicti magistri 
pleniorem, eidem super premissis has litteras testimonials sigillo 
communi nostre Universitatis fecimus consignari. Datum in domo 
nostre congregacionis sexto die mensis lulii anno millesimo quadringen- 
tesimo vicesimo secundo. 

4- 

Testimonial Letter for Master William Parker, alias Corps. 

1422. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. De 
summo celo egressus Unigenitus Dei Filius ad ima mundi descendens 
veritati testimonium perhibuit, nobis relinquens exemplum testimonium 



EFISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



5 



veritati consimiliLer perhibere. Hinc est quod nos super vita et conver- 
sacione honesta dilecti fratris nostri magistri Willelmi Parker, alias 
Corps, in artibus magistri certiorare volentes, per has nostras litteras 
attcstamur quod idem magister in dicta Universitate, ceteris se prebens 
virtutis exemplum, laudabiliter studuit et profecit; et eum nullo novimus 
crimine innodatum ; sed, morum gravitate prefulgens matura, Dei 
amorem et hominum immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Unde, ne 
calumpniancium invidia aut hora insidiancium maliciose captata eius 
status alicui posset in dubium revocari, eidem magistro super statu suo 
laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has Htteras testimoniales 
sigillo communi Universitatis nostre predicte fecimus consignari. 
Datum Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis decimo die mensis Marcii 
amio Do??iini inillesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo secundo. 

5- 

To the Chancellor of the University. 

To Master John Castel their Chancellor: whereas a certain venerable 
person has promised to give money for building a school of theology in 
Oxford^ the Chancellor is earnestly requested to endeavour to obtain 
payment thereof 

ExiMiE discrecionis viro, Magistro lohanni Castel sacre pagine 1423, 
professori ac Universitatis Oxoniensis matris nostre Cancellario, 
vestri confratres Commissarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, votorum internis desi- 
deriis filiales reverencias et honores. Prehonorabilis domine et 
magister, cum pro matris nostre alme Universitatis profectu et 
honore vestra maturitas circumspecta longeva affeccione dinoscatur 
insudasse, ad sperandum firmius invitamur honorem eiusdem matris 
nostre tam venerabilis patris favente labore amplius fecundari; 
nostre igitur congregacionis cetus unanimis totis viribus vestram 
paternitatem suppHcat instancius, quod, cum quidam venerabilis pro 
edificio scolarum matris nostre aurum certum ex pietatis spiritu 
compromisit, pro eiusdem auri solucione gratuita viis honestis hac 
vice laborares \ ut sic edificium Dei inceptum, ad sue laudis excel- Fol. 2 a. 
lens preconium ac matris nostre amplianda ubera, futuris succes- 
soribus doctrine pabulum stabilito fundamine habundanter apponat. 
Scriptum Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis vicesimo die mensis 
Apr His. 

^ laborare MS. 



6 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



6. 

Testimonial letter for Master John ffossars. 

1423. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie ' cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Eo qui est omnium 
vera salus. Cum eterni Patris Filio, quern Beate Marie Virginis 
viscera portaverunt, credimus complacere quociens veritati testimo- 
nium perhibemus. Hinc est quod nos super mora et graduacione 
in dicta nostra Universitate venerabilis viri domini Johannis ffos- 
sars, in decretis bacallarii, omnes quorum interest certiorare volentes, 
per has nostras litteras attestamur, quod idem dominus Johannes 
graduatus extitit inter nos in iure canonico secundum consue- 
tudines laudabiles dicte Universitatis. Ut^ pgitur] super prefata 
graduacione dicti domini Johannis omnibus plenius innotescat, 
has litteras nostras testimoniales sigillo communi nostre Universitatis 
predicte fecimus consignari. Datum in domo nostre congregacionis 
Oxonie octavo die mensis Maii anno Domini millesimo quadringen- 
tesimo vicesimo tercio. 

Nota quod Universitas non consuevit vocare bacallarios Magistros ^. 



7- 

Testimonial letter for Master Richard ffranke. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie ^ cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Eo qui est omnium 
vera salus. Egressus summo de celo Unigenitus Dei filius misera- 
bilem humanitatis ad vallem descendens veritati testimonium per- 
hibuit, nobis relinquens exemplum testimonium veritati consimiliter 
perhibere. Hinc est quod nos super vita moribus et conversacione 
honesta dilecti nobis in Christo magistri Ricardi ffranke, sacre 
pagine professoris, Eboracensis diocesis, confratris nostri, omnes 
quorum interest certiorare volentes, per has litteras attestamur, 
quod idem magister, dum inter nos steterat, facultati theologie 

^ The words Oxonie and Oxoniensis are used indiscriminately in the MS. 
^ Igitur omitted in MS. ^ This note is in a different and smaller hand, and 

was plainly inserted afterwards, I suspect at the time of the great dispute and trouble 
occasioned by the attempt made by the Bachelors to have the title of -Masters. 
Vide infra, epist. 107. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



7 



dans operam efficacem in eadem laudabiliter studuit et profecit, ac 
iuxta statuta nostreque Universitatis consuetudines pacifice quiete 
et honeste inter nos fuerat conversatus; adeo quod, quamdiu cetum 
nostrum sua presencia decoraverat, eum nullo novimus crimine 
innodatum, sed morum gravitate prefulgens matura Dei amorem et 
hominum immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Unde, ne calump- 
niancium invidia aut ora ^ insidiancium maliciose captata tante 
honestatis splendor possit alicui in dubium revocari, eidem magistro, 
et super statu suo laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has 
litteras testimonials sigillo nostre Universitatis communi fecimus 
consignari. Datum Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis vicesimo 
secundo die mensis Junii anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo Dice- 
simo iercio. 

8. 

To the Earl of Warwick. Fol. 2 b. 

Whereas certain rebellious scholars made an attack upon the earl's 
family and the proctor of the University^ the Chancellor is doing his 
utmost to punish them as they deserve. Thanks for gracious reply 
to deputation. 

NoBiLissiMO et prepotenti domino, comiti de Warwyke, suo sin- 1423. 
gulari domino et gracioso protectori. 

Nobilissime et magnifice domine, premissa nostra recommenda- 
cione humillima cum omnimodis reverencia et honore. Dignetur 
scire vestra nobilitas graciosa, quod ad castigacionem nostrorum 
rebellium, qui in vestram familiam et nostrum procuratorem insur- 
rexerunt enormiter et iniuste, dominus Cancellarius omnimodam 
diligenciam et^ rigorem iuridicum exhibet; et nos nostram assis- 
tenciam concilium ac potenciam ex totis nostris precordiis prebe- 
mus et prebebimus ; nec aliud in hac causa concipiat vestra domi- 
nacio ; quia, teste Altissimo, maliciam huius facti non minus contra 
nos in Universitatis nostre scandalum, quam contra vestram fami- 
liam equo pondere computamus. Vere igitur dignum et iustum et 
equum atque salutare ut condigna subeant penarum stipendia, qui 
tanti facinoris damnosa scandala in clero erigere minime formida- 
bant. Super singulis nempe articulis materiam concernentibus 
plenam informacionem magistro Johanni Bedminstyr nostro pro- 
curatori tradidimus in credencia, per quem vestre dominacionis 



* The h in hora carefully erased, MS. 



^ rigorem et iuridicum ib. 



8 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



responsum recepimus graciosum ; ob quam quidem ^ tante nobilitatis 
graciam reputamus nos vestre serenitati perpetuo obligates, et pro- 
mittimus nos facturos quicquid possumus in hac parte. Et vestre 
magnifice milicie nobilitatem prepotentem conservet et adaugeat 
multiplicis gracie incrementis summus judex omnium, ad sui 
honorem et vestri premii apicem et ad vindictam malorum laudem- 
que bonorum. Amen. Scriptum in domo nostre congregacionis 
decimo septimo die mensis Decembris. Vestre magnifice dominacionis 
humiles oratores servitoresque perpetui Cancellarius cetusque unani- 
mis magistrorum Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

9- 

To the Pope. 

In behalf of Master Ely as Vare, who is bound by his oath to reside in 
Oxford^ as necessary regent^ but is absent on account of urgent business^ 
that he may be absolved from the obligation of that oath. 

Beatissime pater devotissima filiali recommendacione ^ premissa 
cum humillima obediencia [et] ^ subieccione ad oscula pedum beato- 
rum. Sanctissime pater, ubilibet orbe terrarum Celebris fama pre- 
conizat, quod licet summe vestre clemencie circumspecta prudencia 
similiter se prebeat graciosam, illos tamen libencius, ad exaudicionis* 
graciam benigno prosequens favore liberius premovet et admittit, 
quos matura decorat profunditas^ scripturarum, saneque conversacionis 
insignia reddunt merito commendandos ; unde, quia confrater noster 
Elyas Vare ^ sancti ordinis Minorum, sacre theologie professor, vir 
vite laudabilis conversacionisque honeste, regens necessarius in nostra 
Universitate Oxoniensi existit, et sue regencie actibus obligatur virtute 
prestiti iuramenti, dignetur igitur vestra clemencia paternalis nos- 
trarum precum mediacione se exorabilem exhibere ; et rutila suorum 
meritorum commendacione, in sua absencia ad presens notabiliter 
excusabili, dignis favoribus habere specialiter recommissum. Et 
vestre unice et indubitate^ sedis® apostolice apicem gloriosum, ad 
sacrosancte ecclesie regimen et munimen, felicissime conservet in pro- 
speris summus Pastor ovium, cuius vicem geritis, Jesus Christus. 
Scriptum Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis undecimo die mensis 
Februarii. 

^ quid MS. recommendissima corrected in MS. ^ et omitted in MS. 

* exaudiciones MS. ^ funditas ib. ^ or Vore ib. sancte ib. 

^ indubiente apparently, ib. ^ sedes ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



9 



lO. 

To the Bishop of Exeter. 

Solicitmg the promotion of Master William Brounynge. 

Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, domino Edmundo, Dei 1423. 
gracia Exoniensi episcopo confratri nostro carissimo. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, post devotum nostre com- 
mendacionis obsequium. Tenere vos credimus ex iusticie debito 
quod hii debeant in percipiendis premiorum manipulis ceteros anteire, 
qui sciencie et virtutis rutila preeminent honestate. Ea propter pater- 
nitati vestre, quam fraternali et sincera dileccione prosequimur, carissi- 
mum confratrem nostrum, magistrum Willelmum Brounynge, vestre 
diocesis, in decretis doctorem, virum itaque laudabilis vite et conver- 
sacionis honeste aliisque virtutibus multipharie insignitum, necnon in 
spiritualibus et temporalibus circumspectum, cuius periciam et dis- 
crecionem per operis exercicium indies experimur, specialius quo 
possumus commendantes, vos attencius deprecamur, quatenus eidem 
confratri nostro thesaurum vestri favoris et gracie effundatis ad 
graciosum sui status incrementum ; ut eo plenius eidem paternitati 
vestre ad graciarum teneamur acciones, quo nostrum sincerius con- 
fratrem de vestri pectoris armariolo noverimus exaltatum ; ex dicto 
recensentes philosophico ' hoc pertinere ad tocius integritatem quod sui 
parti impenditur ad profectum! Vestram paternitatem reverendam diu 
et feliciter conservet in prosperis et dirigat in agendis Trinitas in- 
creata, noxia removens universa. Scriptum in domo nostre congrega- 
cionis octavo die mensis Apr His. Vestri confratres et oratores Cancel- 
larius Universitatis Oxonie cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium 
in eadem. 

II. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells. Fol. 3 a. 

Begging for assistance in building the neiv theological school, a?id 
commending their deputation in this behalf. 

Reverendo in Christo patri et domino Nicholao, Dei gracia Wellensi 1423. 
et Bathoniensi episcopo ac suo domino gracioso. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, premissa recommendacione 
humillima cum sinceris vestre salutis a{fectibus. Concepimus ex 
venerabilium personarum relatibus quomodo vestra pietas paternalis 



lo EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

in pauperes digne respicit, et plura pietatis opera caritatis intuitu 
amplexatur. Nos vero sub penuria laborantes in quodam scolarum 
edificio iam incepto ad vestras dignas manus respicimus adiutrices ; et, 
pro pleniore vestre dominacionis informacione in hac causa, dignemini 
magistro Thome Colas, presencium latori, viro discreto et fideli 
nostroque confratri, fidem indubiam adhibere, ac ipsum in nostris 
negociis atque suis, que penes vestram dominacionem graciosam in se 
assumpsit humiliter et votive suis laboribus exponenda, clementer 
acceptare et pie exaudire. Et graciam vobis pro gracia Altissimus 
ipse reddat, dirigatque in prosperis, ac felicissimis adaugeat future 
glorie incrementis. Scriptum in domo nosire congregacionis duodecimo 
die mensis Aprilis. Vestre dominacionis paternalis humiles oratores 
et votivi Cancellarius cetusque unanimis regencium Universitatis 
Oxon. 

12. 

Testimonial letter for Master W. Certeyn. 

1424. Anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo quarto, vicesimo 
quinto die mensis lunii sigillata fuit una littera testimonialis magistro 
Will^^o. Certeyn sub forma secunde littere testimonialis scripta superius 
in secunda parte primi folii istius registri, viz. Magistro W. Parker. 



13- 

Testimonial letter for Master John Brente. 

1424. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum in eadem salutem in Domino Jesu Christo. De summo 
celo egressus Unigenitus Dei filius ad ima mundi descendens veritati 
testimonium perhibuit, nobis relinquens exemplum testimonium veritati 
consimiliter perhibere. Hinc est quod nos, super vita et conversacione 
honesta dilecti confratris nostri magistri Johannis Brente, in artibus 
magistri, certiorare volentes, per has nostras litteras attestamur quod 
idem magister in dicta universitate regenciam suam fine votivo con- 
cludens laudabiliter studuit et perfecit, et eum nullo ^ novimus ^ 
crimine innodatum ; sed ^ morum gravitate prefulgens matura, Dei 
amorem et hominum immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Unde, ne 
calumpniancium invidia aut hora insidiancium maliciose captata eius 

^ Erasure before novhnus. ^ nominis MS. ^ Erasure after sed. 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



II 



status alicui possit in dubium revocari, eidem magistro super statu suo 
laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has litteras testimoniales 
communi sigillo nostre universitatis predicte fecimus consignari. 
Datum Oxonie, in nostre congregacionis domo quinto die mensis Julii 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo quarto. 

14. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Lord. 

Anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo quarto, quinto 1424. 
die Julii sigillata fuit littera testimonialis magistro Johanni Lord sub 
forma littere immediate precedentis. 

Littera directa domino Cantuariensi pro excusacione FoI. 3 b. 
maledictorum de Universitate. 

We beg that your grace will wait for more evidence and not believe the 
partial accounts you have hitherto received of the University. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Henrico Dei gracia 1424. 
Cantuariensi archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice sedis 
legato ac suo singularissimo protectori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, premissa recommenda- 
cione nostra humillima cum omnimodis reverencia et obediencia debitis 
tanto patri. Dignetur vestra paternitas graciosa, in qua singulariter 
nos speramus, pie nobis exaudicionis annuere intervallum, et corde, ut 
credimus, amplexari gravamina que sentimus; et intendimus Deo 
duce per nostrum Cancellarium et consilium ab Universitate deputatum 
inquirere suscitate litis fomitem, et oblatrantis discidii sementina in 
pacis gremium resarcire. Hec subito non feruntur nec quibuscunque 
relatibus nisa condescendunt ^ ; nam et inquit precipuus pugil ecclesie 
Augustinus, ' multi multa referunt sed non omnia digna fide ' : exoramus 
igitur vestram clenienciam paternalem, humillime pro respectu \ 
aciem^ opportune continuacionis in hac vice usque ad nostros 
nuncios vobis destinandos, legitimis causis subsistentibus, ob honorem 
Dei et vestre dominacionis reverenciam et pleniorem veritatis informa- 
cionem capiscendam. Pater prestantissime, speramus in vestra domi- 

* There is no difficulty here in deciphering the MS., the words are perfectly 
plain ; the word * aciem ' may perhaps be doubtful. 



12 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nacione graciosa, nec ei dignum dabimus obicem, quern timemus, 
quern amamus, et quern cupimus protectorem. Conservet ideo nobis 
vestram dominacionem exorabilem Omnipotens felicissime cum gra- 
ciosis incrementis in prosperis et honore. Scriptum Oxonie in domo 
nostre congregacionis duodecimo die mensis Decemhris. Vestre reveren- 
dissime paternitatis obedientes filii et oratores humillimi Cancellarius 
et cetus unanimis regencium Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

16. 

To the King's Council. 

Praying that they, having the sword commiiled to them for that 
purpose, will at once take steps to preserve peace in the University ; 
and commending their deputation, the Chancellor thereof. 

1424. Clarissimis prudentissimisque concilii regii dominis. reipublice ac 
pauperis sui cleri dignissimis protectoribus. 

Clarissimis consilii regii dominis suus clerus Oxoniensis, ad intima 
subieccionis obsequia humillimus et devotus, reverencias omnimodas et 
honores, ac celebre regni regimen sub tarn felici prudencia in omnibus 
pacifice prosperari. 

Magni consilii angelus pacem reddens terrigenis gladium commisit 
principibus, quo in nocentes subditos pax tueretur firmior, iusto metu 
improbos cohercente. Nam tanquam racioni consonum spectabilis 
patrum antiquitas suis posteris contradidit, ut rebellium contumacias 
ferri censura feriat, quos ad vivendi regulam lenitas non emollit. 
Attendat vestra solers sublimitas, prudenti iuris aeie, ex qua facili 
iuventutis lignicula accenduntur, cuius fumo exalante formidamus 
infamia denigrari \ et, nisi vigili cura obstaremus principiis, in eventu, 
sepissime crescente malicia et iusticia tepescente, scintilla exurgeret in 
incendium, et gutta grandesceret temere in torrentem. Ad quem ergo 
rectius ibimus pro succursu et pro tuicione quietis nobis necessarie, 
iam rege nostro iuvenilis sue nobilitatis preludia naturali presagio 
amplexante, quam ad consilii sui apicem, ex quo, inconcussis ^ nobis 
libertatibus prerogative regie, sicut per reges actenus consuevimus 
communiri ? Tanti igitur consilii prudenciam ^ famosissime policie 
laudibus adornatam* humillimis^ pulsamus precibus in nomine quietis 
clipeum manus porrigere protectricem, ut expositis causis et nostri 
meroris motivis per nostrum Cancellarium cum aliis sibi assistentibus 



^ denigrare MS. 
^ prudencium ib. 



^ in conssis (without any sign of abbreviation) ib. 
adornatum ib. ^ humillimus ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



13 



vice nostra, dignemini ^ intuitu caritatis contra debacantium turbines, ne 
insolencia efFrenis nimium invalescat, nos pio munimine consolari. Et 
Deus, auctor pacis et amator, adaugeat ^ felicissime commissum vobis 
regimen regni atque cleri. Vestri subditi humillimi oratoresque 
perpetui Cancellarius et^ congregacio regencium Oxonie. 

17. 

Littera directa domino Cantuariensi de non trahendo Fol. 4 a. 
causas ad extra. 

The privileges of the University were grajited that peace, so necessary 
to students, might not be disturbed. If suits terminable in the University 
are allowed to be taken elsewhere, our statutes are violated. Our Chancellor 
and others with him will give all necessary informatiofi on the point now 
in question. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Henrico Dei 1424. 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati, et apostolice 
sedis legato, ac suo singularissimo protectori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et singularissime nobis domine, 
premissa recommendacione nostra humillima, cum sincere subieccionis 
reverencia obedientiali debita tanto patri. Vestre paternitati dilectissime 
scribere curavimus ex precordiis, cui in omnibus, ut tenemur, honorem 
deferrimus et amorem. Pater prestantissime, noverit vestra solidissima 
discrecio quod pre omnibus quies studio est optabilis, et pax prehonora- 
bilis cunctis bonis ; ad cuius efficaciam propensius consequendam 
conceduntur nobis privilegia, conduntur statuta, et consuetudines 
concinunt diucius approbate, de non trahendo causas ad extra, que 
sunt ad infra terminabiles ; nisi primitus observatis remediis statutorum 
et ex inde ulterius iuris beneficium nullatenus denegatur. Facile 
ergo mutare non convenit precipicii per abruptum quod a longevis 
temporibus pacifice perpenditur confirmatum. Solum pacem cupimus 
et liberum studii exercicium, ac vestram dominacionem paternalem 
nobis piissimam protectricem. Et nostro Cancellario et aliis secum 
vices nostras gerentibus pro informacione pleniori dignetur vestra 
paternitas graciosa credenciam indubiam adhibere : cuius dignissimum 
apicem conservet dignus Pastor felicissime cum prosperis incrementis, 
cum omni gracia et honore. Vestre reverendissime paternitatis 
humiles subditi oratoresque perpetui Cancellarius et congregacio 
regencium Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

^ sibi repeated before dignemini, MS. ^ adauget ib. ct omitted in MS. 



14 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



l8. 

To the Bishop of Winchester. 

To the same effect as the preceding letter. 

Reverendissimo in Christo episcopo Wyntoniensi, &c. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, nobis singularissime- 
que protector, premissa nostra recommendacione humillima cum 
omnimodis reverencia et honore. Confidimus sub proteccione vestre 
dominacionis nobilissime pacifice nostris gaudere privilegiis et 
statutis, sicut actenus consuevimus ab antiquis ; ac eis rependere vices 
resistendi qui sibi nequiter palliant perizomata oppugnandi. Ex 
preteritis nempe vestre dominacionis beneficiis spes magna nobis 
redditur de futuris ; rogamus ea que ad pacem sunt, ne insidie nos 
preocupent ^ emulorum, et ne litigiis evocemur forinsecus per eos ^ 
qui novitates querunt querelarum, et dispendiosas lites fovent. Nobis 
vero congruum et sufficiens reputamus veterum servare decreta, quia 
philosophicus sermo dictat quod ' novitas plura parit pericula ubi 
antiquitas non peccavit^ Respiciat igitur, si dignemini, sub iuvene 
principe, vestra maturitas nobilissima ad studii nostri quietem caritatis 
intuitu, sicut speravimus et speramus. Et, ut nihil de contingentibus 
omittamus, nostrum Cancellarium et alios vice Universitatis deputatos 
plenam credenciam commisimus vestre dominacioni nobilissime luci- 
dius exponendam ; vestreque nobilitatis celsitudinem paternalem dirigat 
Altissimus felicissime ad sui laudem in prosperis et honore, &c. 



19. 

To the executors of John Whytynton. 

Among other your charity for the soul 0/ the deceased, we venture to 
ask that you will bestow a share upon us for the new school of theology. 
We send to you our Chancellor, who will declare to you how great is our 
poverty. 

1424. HoNORABiLiBUS viris et discretis, executoribus Johannis Whytynton. 

Honorabiles domini, premissa recommendacione humillima in vis- 
ceribus Salvatoris. Fama laudiflua nobis innotuit de eximiis miseri- 
cordie operibus pro anima bone memorie Johannis Whytynton, per 
vestram fidelem execucionem indefesse ministratis ; unde et nos in 



^ preocupant MS. 



2 eo ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



15 



vestra clemencia confidentes sincerius ^ audemus pulsare vestras 
reverencias et nostram necessitatem vestris piis animis exponere, sub- 
sidium et succursum vestre elimosyne ad quoddam magne pietatis 
opus devocius exorando. Et, ut nostre pie paupertatis vota vestris 
discrecionibus apercius elucescant, dominum nostrum Cancellarium 
vobis mittimus vice nostra, cui dignemini credenciam indubiam adhi- 
bere ; et vobis pro mentis graciam reddat pro gracia piissimus Jesus 
Christus, qui pro temporalibus dat eterna. 

20. 

Hec littera missa fuit convocacioni cleri anno domini mille- Fol. 4 b. 
simo quadringentesimo vicesimo quinto, existentibus tunc 
Cancellario Universitatis Oxonie magistro J. Castell et 
procuratoribus magistro J. Shirebourn et Willelmo 
CoUyng. 

The University abhors and condemns the new and monstrous heretical 
doctrine {of W. Russell) thai personal tithe needs not to be paid to 
parochial clergy. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri ac domino, domino Henrico Dei 1425. 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice 
sedis legato ceterisque venerabilibus patribus et prelatis Cantuariensis 
provincie, Universitas studii generalis Oxonie reverencias et honores 
devotos et debitos tam venerando cetui prelatorum, ac ceteris quibus- 
cunque fidelibus salutem in amplexibus Salvatoris ; et ad defensionem 
percelebrem catholice fidei firmiter et feliciter consistere, ac errores et 
hereses salubriter expugnare. Pristinorum temporum vicissitudines 
exempla varia et gesta tradiderunt fidelibus intuenda, quomodo ab 
exordio nascentis ecclesie, quam celestis Agricola Christus Jesus Dei 
Filius suique successores apostoli in sacro suo sanguine plantaverunt, 
continue per varias mundi provincias varii pulularunt heretici, qui 
sub specie pietatis et veritatis pretextu suis perversis dogmatibus 
populos alliciebant ignaros ; et spiritu presumpcionis inflati matrem 
suam ecclesiam Christi sponsam suffodere, et ut perversa viperarum 
genimina corrodere ^ satagebant. Quorum calliditatil et perversitati 
pestifere Spiritus sancti clemens provisio obviare benigne disposuit, 
dum patres et pastores ecclesie velut firmissimas columpnas erexit, 
doctoresque varios voluit florere vicissim; et exinde sacra concilia 

^ sencerius MS. ^ An allusion to the belief that the young of tlie viper 

gnaw their way into the world through the mother's belly. 



i6 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



elaborata dccrcta auctoritatc sacrosancte matris ecclesie posteris firma- 
bantur fidelibus, ut iam non figura sed Veritas, non nunc opinio sed 
autoritas publice traduntur servande sub pena contemptus. Sed quia 
* in multis noviias parit pericula, in quibus antiquitas non peccavit^ illud 
esse censemus inconcusse tenendum quod ab antiquis patribus constat 
clarissime prefinitum. Verum quia nuper nobis innotuit cuiusdam 
novelli insana doctrina contra decimas personales, cuius mirarnur 
audaciam et dolemus insipienciam, sed eius pertinaciam et ecclesie 
contemptum sustinere veremur, et ne nostra taciturnitas seu negli- 
gencia tacito consensui ascribatur, in ipsa materia scribere curavimus 
quod Concordes sentimus, et in evidens testimonium nostro sigillo 
communiri decrevimus, ad veritatis delucidacionem et obsequium 
ecclesie ut tenemur. Dicimus et firmiter concipimus quod decime 
personales, tam ex precepto iuris divini quam sanctorum patrum 
tradicionibus, sub autoritate ecclesie cum concordi iuris iudicio deben- 
tur ecclesiis et earum ministris curam animarum habentibus et sacra- 
menta ministrantibus ex autoritate ecclesie. Magna namque est 
sacrosancte ecclesie autoritas, extra quam fides plane perpendit nullam 
posse pervenire salutem fidelibus. Ne illic ergo resideat spiritus 
pestilens aut opinio corrumpens, ubi locus queritur fidei ortodoxe, 
verba per adversarium premisse nostre sententie predicata, que eciam 
sub avarieie subtili fuco deprehendimus palliata, reprobamus, et tan- 
quam erronea atque heretica declaramus, quorum demens tenor cum 
reprobo sensu sic sequitur, catholica damnacione merito fulminandus. 
' Decime personales non cadunt sub precepto divino, saltern ut solvantur 
parochiali curato ; quare licet vestrum unicuique, nisi consuetudo in con- 
trarium fuerit, in pios usus pauperum eas dispensare ' : et iterum, ^per- 
sonates decime sub divino non cadunt precepto neque iure debentur ,ubi 
solucionis non est consuetudo' Quiscunque banc sentenciam tenuerit 
et pertinaciter defenderit apud reputacionem nostram hereticus est 
censendus ; et quia a sana doctrina ecclesie est divisus, a corpore 
eiusdem ecclesie velut membrum putridum est merito prescindendus. 
O honorabiles fratres et domini, O Universitates catholice, et quique 
fideles, scrutamini scripturas, canones inspicite, ac morum naturales 
concipite raciones. Quam proditorium est tributum negare Altissimo, 
quam inhumanum a laborantibus subtrahere debita, quamque scis- 
matis exemplum auctoritati ecclesie publice pertinaciter resistere ac 
etiam iusticie omniumque precepta canonum, res alienas invadere ! 
Nimis cruenta atque sacrilega est hec avaricia, que antiquissimi iuris 
decimale debitum solum consuetudini ascribit et in dubium revocat, ut 
laborancium victum iniuste exhauriat. Quid ministris ecclesie ad 
eorum honestam sustentacionem firmum persisteret, si decime possent 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



17 



ad libitum conferri et jus decimandi ex debito non esset. O utinam 
aut resipiscant et ad ecclesie gremium redeant, qui tanto facinori favere 
conantur; aut asperrimis censuris, ne simplices inficiant, mordaciter 
feriantur. Sic unanimes in vera doctrina ecclesie permaneamus, ut 
ad Eum tendere valeamus de quo canit propheta, ' Querite Dominum 
et confirmainini, querite faciem Ejus semper,' sic letetur cor querencium 
Dominum hie in via, quatinus ipsum querentibus dignetur esse merces 
in patria. Amen. 

21. 

To the Pope. Fol. 5 a. 

Master Norton is going to visit Rome. The University, his mother, 
after the example of the mother of Zehedee's children, humbly commends 
her son to his holiness. 

Missa fuerat hec litter a in commendacionem magistri fohannis 1425. 
Norton \ 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri ac domino, Domino Martino, divina 
providencia sacrosancte Romane ac universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

Sanctissime pater, humillima recommendacione premissa cum 
devotissimis terra osculis ante pedes : Alma mater ecclesia jocunde 
laudis resonare canticum, necnon ad gracias eterno Patri tenetur 
assurgere, modernis attendens temporibus gregem dominicum sub 
tuto pro\ndissimi pastoris regimine confoveri : cujus eciam rei gracia, 
et si cuncte per orbem diffuse gentes habeant exultandi materiam, 
Universitas tamen Oxoniensis devotissima proles vestra majori causa- 
tur gaudiorum alacritate respergi ; in quam sereniores vestre caritatis 
radios emisistis. Quod nedum permagne probitatis viros honorabilis 
vestre legacionis functos officio in nostram venit noticiam, ymo id 
ipsum experiencia rerum magistra cotidie manifestat. Ad preclare 
namque fame viros, quos materna Universitatis predicte lactaverint 
ubera, sue paternitatis extendit oculos apostolica crebrius celsitudo, 
egenos efficiens divites, filios creans in patres, et subditos preficiens in 
pastores. Non immerito igitur totis conatur filia viribus in patris com- 
placenciam filios parere virtuosos enutrireque sic partos, ac enutritos 
pabulo sciencie salutaris foras emittere, ut per laudabiHa ipsorum gesta 
et exigenciam meritorum alumpne sue titulum acquirant nominis glo- 
riosi ; sicut et ipsa viceversim pro filiis benemeritis, in omnibus illo- 
rum concernentibus honorem, semper parata consistit eciam non 
pulsata. In cujus signum, beatissime pater, pro filio karissimo nostro 

* The whole of the following epistle is crossed out, but otherwise uninjured, in 
the MS. ' 

C 



i8 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



Johanne Noitun, presencium portitorem apostolica visitante limina, 
pieces nunc porrigere matris inclusa visceribus hortatur affeccio ab 
antiquis parentibus exemplata. Matrem namque filiorum Zebedei pro 
suis filiis intervenisse apud Dominum evangelista commemorat. Ejus 
igitur matris exemplo vestra se exponit Universitas pro filio supra- 
dicto. Hie est nempe verus ejus filius, cujus infanciam tenerem suavis 
doctrine pavit dulcedine, deindeque solidioris substancie disciplina in 
virum perfectum suis educavit laribus ; donee tarn legum doctrina 
quam experiencia rerum excellenter insignitus in sacris canonibus 
cathedram meruit ascendere doctoralem. Hunc postremo, post regen- 
ciam honorifice completam, disertissimi advocati facundia in curia 
Cantuariensi * de arcubus ' quatuor annis famosissimum reddidit et 
expertum. Siquidem plenitudo virtutis ejus et sciencie magnitude 
tot apud eos eminent argumentis, tot subnixe suffragiis tantisque 
digne favoribus; et quod in multos superne largitatis munificencia 
distribuit hoc in ipsum majoris affluenciae gracia cumulavit. Et licet 
plura nobis occurrant, que in dicte persone laudem veraciter dici 
possent, hec tamen pauca succincte narracionis stilo descripsimus, ne 
matris taciturnitate velata ardens lucerna filii sub modio delitescat. 
His igitur digna consideracione pensatis, ea qua possumus devocione 
supplicando rogamus, quatenus sinceris matris precibus pro filio depre- 
cantis sanctissimus pater aures sue clemencie propiciatus inclinet ; 
eumque sic dignetur suscipere commendatum, ut matris instancias 
cum efFectu sibi senciat profuisse. Vestram sanctitatem ad univer- 
salis ecclesie solacium in prosperis conservet diutine cujus vicem 
geritis, Filius Virginis gloriose. Humillimi et devoti apostolice beati- 
tudinis filii Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

Fol. 5 b. 22. 

Lysurs^ Testimonial letter for Master John Turry. 

1426. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Eo, qui via Veritas est 
et vita. Egressus e summo celo Unigenitus Dei Filius, miserabilem 
humanitatis ad vallem, veritati testimonium perhibuit, nobis relinquens 
exemplum veritati testimonium consimiliter perhibere. Hinc est 
quod nos, omnibus quorum interest per presentes attestamur, quod 

^ At the left-hand comer of the margin and at the right-hand corner of the next 
folio in the MS. is written the name Lysurs. Thomas Lysurs was proctor in 1426. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



19 



venerabilis vir Johannes Turry utriusque juris bacallarius, rector ecclesie 
parochialis de Hannberith^ Lincolniensis diocesis, est et fuit inter 
nos reputatus bone fame, opinionis illese, nulloque crimine notorie 
irretitus. Ne igitur ex aliqua calumpniancium invidia ejus persona 
status aut fama in aliquo obfuscetur, eidem super premissis has 
litteras testimoniales sigillo Universitatis predicte fecimus consignari. 
Datum in 7iostre congregacionis domo mensis Aprilis die vicesimo 
secundOy anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo sexto. 

23. 

Testimonial letter. 

For Master J. Croxby and Master Robert Glowceter, resident 
members of the University, supporting their application for assis- 
tance 

Venerabilibus et circumspectis viris, amicis nostris carissimis 1426. 
salutem, et fidem indubiam presentibus adhibere. Egressus e summo 
celo Unigenitus Dei Filius, miserabilem descendens humanitatis ad 
vallem, veritati testimonium perhibuit, nobis relinquens exemplum 
testimonium veritati consimiliter perhibere. Hinc est quod nos super 
vita et conversacione honesta dilectorum confratrum nostrorum, 
magistrorum Johannis Croxby, in theologia bacallarii, et Robert! 
Glowcetur, in artibus magistri, vestras reverencias cerciorare volentes, 
per has nostras litteras attestamur, quod iidem magistri suis facul- 
tatibus operam dantes efficacem in eisdem laudabiliter student et 
proficiunt, ac, juxta statuta et consuetudines nostra Universitatis, 
pacifice, quiete et honeste inter nos sunt et fuerant conversati ; adeo 
quod cetum nostrum sua virtuosa decorant presencia, et eos nullo 
novimus crimine innodatos ; set morum gravitate prefulgentes matura, 
Dei amorem et hominum immaculati nominis titulo vendicabant in 
presenti, licet quorundam audivimus suggestio sit adversa. Unde, 
ne calumpniancium invidia aut insidiancium hora maliciose captata 
eorum status penes vos mendaciorum nebulis obfuscentur illicite, 
eisdem magistris super eorum statu laudabili, ut vobis innotescat, 
has nostras litteras fecimus consignari; vobis attencius supplicantes 
quatenus eisdem magistris pleniiudinem vestre benevolencie effun- 
datis suis in negociis penes vos prosequendis, quoad sustentacionem 

^ Or Hannberich MS., probably Hanborough. 
This testimonial letter has unfortunately no title or definite address. It is, as 
will be seen, not a patent letter, but is addressed to some society or separate body, 
probably to the authorities of some religious house or order, 

C 2 



20 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



eis meritoriam, cum illis non provideantur ex certo de necessariis 
aliunde tangentibus\ Vestras reverencias conservet in prosperis 
clemencia Redemptoris. 

24. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Major. 

1426. Universis et singulis sancte matris filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistromm regencium in eadem salutem in Eo, qui via Veritas est 
et vita. De summo celo egressus Unigenitus Dei Filius, ad yma 
mundi descendens, veritati testimonium perhibuit, nobis relinquens 
exemplum veritati testimonium consimiliter perhibere. Hinc est 
quod nos, super vita et conversacione honesta dilecti confratris 
nostri, magistri Johannis Maior, omnes quorum interest cerciorare 
volentes, per has nostras litteras attestamur, quod de predicti con- 
fratris nostri meritis laudifiuis, per diversarum facultatum gradus et 
studia, tanta experiencia precessit unde famosa sui nominis opinio, 
quam apud nos in apicem honoris pretulerunt gloriose accionis 
preconia, latere non valuit ; sed pocius super candelabrum erigi digna 
ceteris studentibus lucem ingentem exhibuit, et vitale imitacionis 
exemplum singulariter ministravit. In facultate namque, post longeva 
studia, magistratum adeptus notabiles actus philosophicos laudabiliter 
exercuit, et exinde ad facultatem medicinarum se transferens, scolas 
reparans medicinales, ipsam scienciam accrescere fecit in palmites 
sui sudoris per culturam, ac tandem, meritis suis exigentibus, incep- 
toris honorem obtinuit in eadem. Unde, ne calumpniancium invidia 
aut hora insidiancium maliciose captata tante honestatis splendor 
alicui in dubium posset revocari, eidem magistro super premissis, 
ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has litteras testimoniales nostre 
Universitatis sigillo fecimus consignari. Datum Oxonie in noslre 
congregacioms domo mensis Junii die vicesimo septimo, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo sexto. 

. 25- 

Fol. 6 a. To the President and other prelates of Black Monks in 

general chapter assembled. 

The University has never had a general school for theology. Now 
that the building of one has been commenced^ and we are unable to 
complete it for want of funds, your assistance is earnestly requested. 
All graduates and scholars of your order shall be free to use the 

^ tangendis? 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



21 



school. We ask in confidence, rememhering the beiieficence of your order, 
and that in fact the University owes its foundation to you. 

Venerabilibus in Christo patribus, dominis presidentibus ceterisque 1426. 
prelatis ordinis Sancti Benedict! in sacro generali capitulo nigronim 
monachorum presencialiter congregatis, prospera successuum incre- 
menta ac sinceris afFectibus annuere postulatis. Reverendissimi in 
Christo patres et prestantissimi domini, quia nuper, ex Spiritus 
clemencia septiformis, piis quorumdam cordibus fuerat celitus inspi- 
ratum ut ad Dei laudis honorem augmentumque studii salutaris scole 
universales sacre theologie, quibus a primevo^ orbati fuimus, pro 
communi omnium utilitate durabili fabrica levarentur ; nosque ad 
hujusmodi operis fundamentaliter jam incepti debitum complementum 
ex nostris non sufficimus ; vestris paternitatibus predevotis pro nostri 
defectus relevamine eo confidencius duximus supplicandum, quo 
nostris profundius radicatur in mentibus quod alma Universitas mater 
nostra, cujus preclara fecunditas orbem dignificat universum, per 
vestri ordinis sacrosancti patres precipuos et alumnos sue honorifice 
fundacionis felix exordium sumpserit felicissimumque progressum : 
tenentesque firmissime certissimeque sperantes, quod nostra supplex 
peticio, que consonat caritati, a tam devotis patribus vacua non redibit, 
quos ad patrum presidencium opera confovenda divina providebit 
gracia dignissimos successores. Quocirca vestre sacre congregacionis 
cetui venerando devota precum libamina effundimus pia mente; 
unanimiter supplicantes quatenus ad tam sacri tam utilis tamque 
necessarii operis incrementum vestre^ gratissime liberalitatis manus 
munificas extendere dignemini graciose; indubie cognoscentes quod 
omnes vestri ordinis graduati singuli et scolares, quoad actus quos- 
cunque in scolis eisdem scolastice exercendos ^, subducto quovis 
obstaculi repulsivo, facultate gaudebunt. Et quia singula nostrum 
concernencia negocium sub literali compendio claudere non valemus, 
nostre cause promocionem discretissimis viris patribus venerabilibus, 
domino Edmundo Cretton, Priori studencium, necnon eximiis sacre 
theologie professoribus magistris Thome Ledbery et Johanni Crosse, 
ac * Wyllelmo Hebchestre, in eadem facultate * venerabili incepturo ^ 
vestris piis presenciis committimus declarandam; quorum relatibus 
aurem favoris et credencie benignius exhibere tantorum dignetur 
patrum devocio veneranda. Ceterum, patres dignissimi, cum vestre 
sacre religionis commodum et honorem instinctus nos excitet naturalis 

^ primevaVlS. ^ vesiri gratissi??ii \h. ^ exercendis \h. * An 

erasure in both these places, but, apparently, only a repetition of the commence- 
ment of the word following. ^ incepturi MS. 



2i2 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



intimius afifectare, eo quod, ut superius est expressum, benedicta 
manus monastica nostre Universitatis posuerat fundamenta, hinc est 
quod vestras paternitates exhortamur in Domino et attencius exo- 
ramus, quatinus concorditer disponatis ut singuli studentes vestri 
ordinis, quos morum ornat honestas sciencie claritasque decorat, ad 
universalis ecclesie et presertim ordinis vestri stabile fundamentum, in 
facultatibus quibus proficiunt condigne valeant graduare^; ut sic, 
augmentata'^ in vestra sacra religione graduatorum clerimonia, emu- 
lorum perversitas, que multum invigilat his diebus, facilius repellatur. 
Sed, inter prematuros alios vestre sancte religionis viros, prefatum^ 
venerabilem patrem dominum Edmundum Kirton*, monachum vestrum 
studenciumque Priorem, qui nedum legitimo cursu secundi studii, 
varum eciam sano atque politico regimine sui^ gregis utrobique 
virtuose resplendet, ad apicem fastigii doctoralis, ut bravium recipiat 
dignissime post labores, vestra promo vere dignetur discrecio pater - 
nalis ; quibus, ad felix regnum pariter et tutum monastice religionis, 
felices successus annuat benignitas Redemptoris. Scripta Oxonu 
domo^ mensis Junii die ultimo. 

26. 

Fol. 6 b. Littera directa domino Cantuariensi. 

Gratiiude for former favours, and thanks for his liberal donation 
towards the building of the new schools, and for his condescension in 
advocating the claims of the University for assistance from the prelates 
and nobles assembled in the last Session of Parliament. 

1426. Reverencias omnimodas omni obediencia filiali debita tanto pdtri, 
et vestre"^ prelacie sidus luciferum, ad nostre relevacionis tutelam 
longevam, per tempora piis radiis rutilare^ Reverendissime in 
Christo pater®, exultat Universitas nostra et, ex uberibus vestre 
consolacionis graciose referta, dilatatur in gaudio eo quod vestre 
prehonorande dominacionis proteccio, fraterne benignitatis cataractas 
aperiens, continui^^ favoris ymbres distillare non cessat, ad" nostri 
studii incrementum. Scimus enim, et evidencium signorum pro- 
bacione didiscimus, quod vestra graciosa paternitas vigilanti ex corde 
desiderat ut ampli orbis de finibus congregata genimina, que nostri 
studii complantantur in agro, in scienciis floreant, in virtute fructi- 

* graduari MS. ' augmenta ib. ^ An erasure again, similar to (4) 

supra. * Spelt above Cretton MS. ^ sue ib. ® in nostre congregationis, 
omitted in MS. ^ vestris ib. ^ rutilari ib. ® patrem ib. ^° con- 
tinue ib. " a ib. 



E PISTOL AE ACADEMICAE. 



23 



ficent, et ad honores frondeant testimonii gradualis ^ ; et sic nostre 
Universitatis fertili de campo olive oriantur fructifere, que sancte 
conversacionis diffundant odorem oleumque catholice^ doctrine pre- 
dicando muldplicent in ecclesia sancta: — In cujus^ rei evidenciam, 
ut nostris de mentibus vestre munificencie non evanesceret stabiliter 
registrata memoria, ex nostri Cancellarii* relatu jam nuper accepimus 
quod vestre magnificencie manus largiflue, beneficiis prioribus dona 
de novo^ cumulando gratuita, de vestris fertiliter paraverint errariis 
auri summam copiosam, per quam scolarum nostrarum noviter inchoata 
fundamina processus amplexetur felicior, ad sciencie fulcimentum. 
O, igitur, quanta graciarum cumulata tributa juste racionis ex 
dictamine obligamur persolvere vestre prenobili dignitatis; que nedum 
sic proprium largiencia"^ thesaurum ad filie sue Universitatis nostre 
clementer respexerit inopiam, quin immo^ vestre dominacionis celci- 
tudo, gratanter® ubera recognoscens materna, que vestre quondam 
juventuti lacteam dulcedinem^^ ministrabant sciencie, pro nobis formam 
servi non verebatur induere ; quum in ultimo parliamentali consilio, 
penes alios hujus regni venerabiles patres et dominos, ut ipsi scolarum 
nostrarum ad edificium sua gratuita propinarent subsidia, vestra 
viscerosis insudabat instances benignitas pastoralis. O generositas, 
O gratuitas, et O precellens nobilitas vesire consideracionis in conclavi 
quam merito extollenda ! Quum inclinetur cedrus alta humilis 
exaltetur ut vinea, flectatur columpna elevetur ut area, descendat 
pinnaculum bassum ut surgat edificium Domini. Sic pater pro filiis, 
dominus pro famulis, prelatus pro subditis fieri voluit advocatus. 
Quocirca pro vestris donis magnificis et instanciis tam benignis 
profunda cordis de vena fontali graciarum acciones unanimiter 
exhaurimus, quas vestre precellencie paternali totis visceribus immo- 
lamus, cetumque rogantes spiritu cum prostrato ut in hiis, que vestre 
dignitatis eminencie pastorali Cancellarii nostri intimabit fidelitas, cui 
in dicendis dignemini aures prebere credencie, vestre benignitatis 
oculum largitatis summe et proteccionis brachium subito " cum favore 
convertat aperiat pariter et extendat longevi temporis per successum 
vestre prelacie preeminens celsitudo. Quam ad felix regnum gregis 
et vestre Universitatis munimen diuturna longevet per tempora 
futurorum bonorum pontifex Jesus Christus, quem "^^irginis^^ . . . &c. 

^ graduales, corrected in MS. ^ oleum catholiceque ib. : this transposition 

of que is very frequent in the MS. ^ et in cujus MS. * consellarii ib. 

' nova ib. ^ degnittati ib. ' Perhaps largiendo ? There is however no 

ambiguity whatever in the MS. * quin in immo ib. * gratenter ib. 

delcedinem ib. " A mistake for solito^ see next epist. ^"^ The conclusion 
is omitted. 



24 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Scriptum Oxonie nostre congregacionis in domo, quum mensts Julii 
ifi die septimo discurrehat ^r. 

27. 

To the Dean of St. Paul's, London. 

Thanks for past favours and his donation to the new schools. 

1426. Decano S. Pauli Londoniis. 

Honorande domine, exultat Universitas mater nostra, et ex 
uberibus vestre consolacionis graciose refecta dilatatur in gaudio, eo 
quod vestre prehonorande dominacionis pietas continui favoris ymbres 
distillare non cessat, ad nostri studii incrementum : Scimus enim et 
evidencium signorum probacione didiscimus, quod vestra fecunda 
devocio vigilanti ex corde desiderat ut ampli orbis de finibus con- 
gregata genimina, que nostri studii complantantur in agro, in 
scienciis floreant, in virtute fructificent, et ad honores frondeant 
testimonii gradualis: ut sic nostre Universitatis fertili de campo 
olive oriantur fructifere, que sancte conversacionis diffundant odorem, 
oleumque catholice doctrine predicando multiplicent in ecclesia 
sancta Dei. In cujus rei evidenciam, ut nostris de mentibus vestre 
munificencie non evanesceret stabiliter registrata memoria, mente 
sepe repetimus quanta magnifice largiflua manus vestra nobis graciose 
donavit, quibus scolarum nostrarum noviter inchoata fundamenta 
processus amplexetur felicior, ad sciencie fulcimentum. Pro quibus 
profundi cordis de vena fontali graciarum acciones unanimiter ex- 
haurimus, quas nobilitati vestre totis visceribus immolamus; rogantes 
spiritu cum prostrato, ut in hiis que dominacioni vestre Cancellarii 
nostri intimabit fidelitas, cui in dicendis aures dignemini prebere 
credencie vestre, benignitatis oculum et iargitatis sinum convertat 
et aperiat solito cum favore longevi temporis per successum vestre 
dominacionis nobilitas prelibata; quam ad nostri solacium longevet 
in prosperis Jesus Christus pius ^ ovium consolator. Amen. 

28. 

Fol. 7 a. To the Bishop of ^ . . . . 

A petition for assistance in building the new schools. Our Chan- 
cellor will in person give particulars. 

^ et pius MS. ^ There is no title or address. At the head of this folio an 

abortive address begins, Honorandi et in Christo carissimi, quia nuper ex spiritu 
clemencia septiformis^ and then breaks off. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



25 



Reverende in Christo pater et domine, quia^ nuper ex spiritus 1426. 
clemencia septiformis piis quorumdam cordibus fuerat celitus in- 
spiratum, ut, ad summi regis honorem augmentumque studii salutaris, 
scole universales sacre theologie, quibus a primevo orbati fuimus, pro 
communi omnium utilitate durabili fabrica levarentur; nosque, ad 
hujusmodi operis fundamentaliter jam incepti debitum complementum 
ex propriis non valemus, vestre dominacioni predevote pro nostri 
defectus relevacione eo confidencius duximus supplicandum, quo 
nostris profundius radicatur in mentibus, quam gratanter ejusdem 
vestre dominacionis celsitudo ubera recognoscendo materna, que 
. vestre quondam juventuti lacteam dulcedinem sciencie ministrabant, 
et Universitatem nostram odorifera fama vestri diffuse per orbem 
sublimavit in laude, et membris ipsius variis gratuita multipliciter sub- 
sidia propinavit. Hinc tenentes firmissime certissimeque sperantes 
quod nostra simplex peticio, que caritati consonat et studencium 
j profectum respicit, quorum alumpnus probamini singularis, a tam 
i devota paternali gracia vacua non redibit, dominacioni vestre devota 
, precum libamina effundimus ; pia mente unanimiter supplicantes qua- 
tinus, ad tam sacri tam utilis tamque necessarii operis incrementum, 
vestre liberalitatis manus munificas exercere dignemini graciose. Et, 
quia singula nostrum concernencia negocium sub literali compendio 
claudere non valemus, nostre cause promocionem Cancellario nostro 
dominacioni vestre committimus declarandam, cujus relatibus aurem 
favoris et prudencie exhibere benignius tanti dignetur patris pre- 
eminens celsitudo^; quam ad felix regimen vestri gregis et Universi- 
tatis nostre munimen diuturna longevet per tempora futurorum 
bonorum Pontifex Jesus Christus. 



We cannot out of our own resources complete the new schools, and 
venture to ask your help, with the more confidence because many of 
your members were educated at Oxford, 

Venerabilibus ac circumspectis viris, domino Decano et capitulo 1426. 
ecclesie cathedralis Sarum. 

Felicium incrementa successuum, et ad sacre fulcimentum sciencie 
de vestre fontibus bonitatis grati subsidii rivulos ^ fecundius emanare. 
In Christo prehonorandi et caritatis amplexibus dignissime confovendi, 




Fol. 7 b. 



' celsiiuto ib. 



* rivilos ib. 



26 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



quia jam nuperrime pia quorumdam precordia de Illius fontali 
dulcedine, qui est fons vivus, ignis, caritas et spiritalis unccio, sic 
celitus degustarunt ut, ad divine laudis excellenciam augmentumque 
studii salutaris, scole universales sacre theologie, quibus a primevo 
caruimus, pro communi omnium utilitate durabili fabrica levarentur; 
nosque opus hujusmodi parcialiter inchoatum ad optatum finem ex 
nostris deducere non valemus; de vestre benevolencie fecunditate 
fontali, ad nostre relevamen inopie, eo confidencius pr^dulcia ex- 
haurire speramus subsidia, quo in vestro venerabili collegio, quod 
stabilis figitur ut columpna in ecclesia sancta Dei, multa cognoscimus 
membra nobilia, que diviciis affluunt, caritate relucent et liberalitate 
precellunt ad exsequendum egentibus devocius opera pietatis. Ad 
quorum corda nostras preces introducendo eciam tanto audacius 
animamur, quo vestri predicti collegii in orto dignifico varii plantantur 
alumpni, qui gradualis honoris gloriosos collegerunt manipulos scien- 
ciarum ex semine, quod facultatum speciosa varietas nostre Universi- 
tatis in agro fertiliter seminavit. Quare tenemus firmissime, et nostris 
confidenciis certissime arbitramur, quod nostra pia peticio, que tarn 
universalis boni promovet incrementum, non redibit inanis a tam 
venerando collegio, cujus nobilitatis lux fontana scintillantis fame 
splendoribus in regno prerutilat universo. Vestre igitur congregacionis 
cetum prenobilem assiduis precum instanciis intimius exoramus; 
concorditer supplicando quatinus, tam necessarii operis utilitateni 
interne consideracionis oculo perpendentes, ad gratum ipsius juvamen 
palmas extendere liberales vestre dignetur munificencie nobilitas merito 
recolenda ; quam in statu prospero et honoris augment© per diuturna 
continuet fons et vitale principium omnium creatorum. Scripium in 
nostre congregacionis dome mensis Augusti die vicesimo septimo. 

Sub hac [forma] ^ scripsit Universitas ad Decanum et Collegium Wellense^ 
Exoniense et Lincolniense. 

To the Presidents and other prelates of the Order of 
S. Augustine, now assembled in their Chapter at North- 
ampton. 

Many of your Order owe their education to Oxford, we pray you 
therefore with the more confidence to supplement of your charity our 
scanty means, which are insufficient for the completion of the new 
schools. 

^ forma omitted in MS, 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



27 



Venerabilibus in Christo patribus, dominis presidentibus ceteris- I427« 
que prelatis ordinis S. Augustini in generali capitulo canonicorum 
apud Northamptone congregatis. 

Venerabilibus in Christo patribus, dominis presidentibus ceterisque 
prelatis ordinis S. Augustini in sacro generali capitulo regularium 
canonicorum presencialiter congregatis, prospera successuum, et 
sinceris affectubus annuere postulatis. Reverendissimi in Christo 
patres et domini prestantissimi, quia nuper pia quorumdam precordia 
de Illius fontali dulcedine, qui est fons vivus, ignis, caritas et spiritalis 
unccio sic celitus degustarunt, at ad divine laudis excellenciam aug- 
mentumque studii salutaris scole universales sacre theologie, quibus 
a primevo orbati fuimus, pro communi omnium utilitate durabili 
fabrica levarentur, nosque ad hujusmodi operis fundamentaliter jam 
incepti debitum complementum ex nostris non sufficimus, vestris 
paternitatibus predevotis pro nostri defectus relevamine eo confidencius 
duximus supplicandum, quo nostris ^ profundius radicatur in mentibus 
quod vestre sacre religionis in orto dignissimo varii plantantur 
alumpni, qui gradualis honoris gloriosos collegerunt manipulos 
scienciarum ex semine, quod facultatum speciosa varietas nostra 
Universitatis in agro fertiliter seminavit; tenentes firmissime certis- 
simeque sperantes quod nostra simplex peticio, que consonat caritati, 
a tam devotis patribus vacua non redibit. Quocirca vestre sacre 
congregacionis cetui venerando devota precum libamina efFundimus, 
pia mente unanimiter supplicantes, quatinus ad tam sacri tam utilis 
tam necessarii operis incrementum vestre gratissime liberalitatis 
manus munificas extendere dignemini graciose. Et quia singula 
nostrum concernencia negocium literali sub compendio claudere non 
valemus, nostre cause promocionem honorando viro domino Can- 
cellario nostro circumspeccionibus vestris prelibatis committimus 
declarandam, cujus relatibus aurem favoris et credencie benigni'us 
exhibere tantorum dignetur patrum devocio veneranda. Quibus, ad 
felix regimen pariter et tutamen vestre sacre religionis ac tocius 
ecclesie, felices successus annuat benignitas Redemptoris. Scriptum 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis dome mensis Junii die duodecimo. 



^ nostra MS. 



28 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



31 ^ 

Fol. 8 a. A form of letter. 

HoNORANDi et in Christo carissimi : Quia nuper, ex spiritus 
clemencia septiformis, piis quorumdam cordibus fuerat celitus inspi- 
ratum ut, ad summi regis honorem augmentumque studii salutaris, 
scole universales sacre theologie, quibus a primevo orbati fuimus, pro 
communi omnium utilitate durabili fabrica levarentur, nosque ad 
hujusmodi operis fundamentaliter jam incepti debitum complementum 
ex propriis non valemus ; vestris reverenciis predevotis pro nostri 
defectus relevamine eo confidencius duximus supplicandum, quo 
nostris profundius radicatur in mentibus quam graciose munifica 
manus vestra grata solebat egentibus subsidia propinare; per hoc 
tenentes firmissime certissimeque sperantes quod nostra supplex 
peticio, que caritati consonat, et universalem studencium profectum 
respicit, a tam liberali devocione vacua non redibit ; presertim cum 
inter cetera pietatis opera putemus id magis in salutem animarum 
redundare finaliter, quod ad orthodoxae'^ fidei fulcimentum et aug- 
mentum sciencie principalius se extendit. Quocirca reverenciis vestris 
devota precum libamina effundimus pia mente, unanimiter supplicantes 
quatenus, ad tam sacri tam utilis tamque necessarii operis incre- 
mentum, vestre liberalitatis manus munificas extendere dignemini 
graciose. Et, quia singula nostrum concernencia negocium sub 
literali compendio claudere non valemus, nostre cause promocionem 
Cancellario nostro circumspeccioni vestre committimus declarandam, 
cujus relatibus aures favoris et credencie exhibere benignius dignetur 
tantorum reverencia predevota; quam ad solacium pauperum diu 
longevet in prosperis medicus vitalis omnium ipse Deus. 

To the Master of S. Thomas' Hospital, London. 

Your labours for our welfare could not be greater had you been 
educated here; we therefore confidently beg that you will intercede for 
us with wealthy citizens of London, that they may assist us in building 

^ No title, address, or date; probably this is only a form for general use. The 
Chancellor, evidently, was to be furnished with several such letters, to be delivered 
at a personal interview. ^ ortodoxe in the MS. has the letter h written over by 
the same hand. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



29 



fJie new schools, and that you ivill advise our Chancellor how to cast his 
net on the right side of the ship, when he appeals to them for assistance. 

Magistro S. Thome Londoniensi. 

Venerande domine et amice predilecte : Quia fide digno ex relatu 
concipimus, quod vestre amicicie grata benignitas Universitatem 
nostram tarn sinceri cordis amplexatur in brachiis, ac si ipsam 
veneracionem vestram a vestre juventutis cunabulis scienciarum cum 
dulcore proprio lactasset ex ubere, in tantum quod, pro nostris 
ampliandis honoribus, vestra mens pervigilat, lingua laborat effectus 
operis quod insudat, ut amoris signa declarant, multimodaque vestre 
gratitudinis flamma non cessat extendere nostros ad filios graduatos. 
Hinc est quod firme confidencie in presenti nobis accrevit audacia, 
ut nostre Universitatis negocia, penes civitatis Londoniensis preclaros 
cives promovenda felicius, vestre constantis amicicie ad humeros 
producamus. Nuper enim, ad augmentum theologice facultatis, Sancti 
Spiritus clemencia quorumdam cof dibus inspiravit devotis, ut ad novas 
scolas in Universitate nostra, speciosa levandas in fabrica, suas manus 
aperirent munificas, qui ad tam caritativum opus de suis facultatibus 
devotissime sunt largiti. Virtute cujus largicionis graciose muri 
scolarum predictarum, jam terre surgentes de sinu, stabilia susce- 
perunt fundamina, et cicioris ortus processu crescerent jam in altum, 
si vestre preclare civitatis cives venerabiles, qui diviciis fulgent, de- 
vocione relucent et largitate precellunt, edificacionem istam, ad 
Christiane fidei inchoatam fulcimentum, suis devotis cum muneribus 
devocius irrigarent. Quocirca, cum tenemus quod multi indite 
civitatis predicte cives nobiliores in dignitate, preclariores in forma 
et potenciores in thesauris vestre prudencie constanciam tante di- 
leccionis amplexantur in federe, quod ad eorum corda si pulsatis, 
aperiunt ; suadetis, assentiunt ; supplicatis, exaudiunt : igitur vestram 
amiciciam intimius supplicamus, ut, ad opus tam pium felicius pros- 
perandum, civium vestrorum corda, ubi congruit, pulsare dignemini; 
nostroque Cancellario vestre prudencie de archa dignemini impertiri 
consilium, sibi patenter intimando quibus in locis sue supplicacionis 
rete mittere poterit in dextram navigii, ut de visceribus devotorum 
cordium auri staterem valeat extrahere, qui nostri predicti edificii 
cedere queat in profectum, ad catholice^ facultatis augmentum, et 
ad robur fidei, quam nobis tradidit Jesus Christus ; Qui vestram 
amiciciam tempora felicitet per longeva, et future premiacionis eternis 
ditet muneribus pro multipharia gratitudine, quam nobis nostris 
ostendit graduatis in filiis vestra benignitas generosa. Scripiimi 
Oxonie, ^c. 

' chatholice MS. 



30 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Fol. 8 b. Testimonial letter for Master John Clerk. 

1430. ^ Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem, salutem in Domino sempiternam. 
Quia, juxta sentenciam veritatis, accensa lucerna non est modio 
supponenda, sed super candelabrum erigenda, ut omnibus, qui in 
domo Domini conversantur, clarius elucescat; morum venustatem, 
sciencie claritatem et odoriferam fame suavitatem eorum, qui inter 
nos efficacius profecerunt, ad communem fidelium noticiam eo fer- 
vencius cupimus pervenire, quo conversacionis sue maturitas et laboris 
assiduitas ad Dei laudem, proximorum salutem, ecclesieque sancte 
profectum evidencius tendere dinoscentur. Hinc est quod nos, super 
virtuosa vita et probitate sciencie dilecti nobis in Christo confratris 
nostri magistri Johannis Clerk, Sarisburiensis diocesis, sacre theologie 
baccalarii, omnes quorum interest cerciorare volentes, per has nostras 
litteras attestamur, quod idem magister Johannes Clerk inter nos bene 
honeste ac laudabiliter conversatus, proficiens virtute et sciencia 
coram Deo et hominibus, ad ipsum baccalariatus gradum honorifice 
meruit exaltari ; et jam per annos plurimos, velut lucerna a vera luce 
divinitus illustrata, evangelice doctrine radiis auditores illuminans, 
in vinea Domini Sabaoth, tanquam fidelis servus et prudens, qui 
non abscondit pecuniam domini sui, fideliter laboravit, prout per 
noticiam propriam, una cum fama celebri referente, plenam recepimus 
veritatem. Unde, ne, quod absit, tante perfeccionis et honestatis 
splendida lux occultetur vel pereat, quin pocius cedat aliis in lumen 
et exemplum, et lacius diffundatur, ad sui recommendacionem et 
testimonium omnium premissorum, eidem magistro Johanni Clerk 
confratri nostro has litteras testimoniales sigillo cornmuni Univer- 
sitatis nostre fecimus consignari. Datum Oxonie in domo nostre 
congregacionis secundo die mensis Decembris anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo. 

^ This letter is misplaced in the MS., where it occurs among other letters of the 
year 1427. "Where such misplacement is beyond doubt the fact is noticed, as here, 
at the foot of the page ; but it appears to be desirable to reproduce the original 
as nearly as possible in its actual form, not to rearrange anything unnecessarily. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



31 



Form of letter. 



Fol. g a« 



Venerande domine, quia nuper ex spiritus clemencia septiformis 
piis quorum[dam] ^ cordibus fuerat celitus inspiratum, ut ad summi 
regis honorem augmentumque studii salutaris, scole universales sacre 
theologie, quibus a primevo orbati fuimus, pro communi omnium 
utilitate durabili fabrica levarentur, nosque ad hujusmodi operis 
fundamentaliter jam incepti debitum complementum imponere ex 
propriis non valemus, vestris reverenciis predevotis pro nostri defectus 
relevacione eo confidencius duximus supplicandum, quo fidedigne 
relacionis fama nostras perduxit ad aures, quod ad opera pietatis 
exequenda devocius vestre compassionis aperiuntur viscera, extendi 
solet manus munifica; vestreque devocionis frequens testatur ele- 
mosina quod celo plus quam mundo vestri spiritus copulatur. Quare 
tenemus firmissime certissimeque speramus, &c. ; per omnia sicut 
scrihiiur in prima litter a proximi folii precedentis^ excepio quod dicatur, 
" quocirca vestre reverencie," et non " reverenciis." 



Commending Master T. Benewell, with thanks for favours hitherto 



Reverende in Christo pater et domine, relacio fide digna nostras 1427. 
perduxit ad aures quam caritative vestre compassionis oculus dilectum 
confratrem nostrum, magistrum Thomam Benewell in artibus magis- 
trum, in se ac suis munifice visitavit; cujus intuitu stimulamur 
dignissime vestre dominacioni internissimas libare gracias uno corde ; 
hoc ipsum recensentes nobis in communi collatum, quod matris 
nostre minimo vertitur ad profectum. Ex operibus quidem devo- 
cionis vestre tantam fiduciam exhaurimus, quatenus progredientes 
ulterius pro dicto fratre nostro, concorditer et humilliTie postulemus 
ut ilium sic morum et sciencie laude preclarum, sui contuitu merili 
et nostrarum precum instancia, gracie vestre recommissum habere, 
et que in ipso cepta novimus continuare benigniter dignetur vestra 
predevota semper honoranda paternitas prelibata; quam per freta 



35 ^ 



To the Bishop of . 



shown to him. 



Fol. 9 b. 



' quorum MS. 



* No title or address. 



32 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



seculi indefectibilis nauta salutis ad portum cursu prospero secure 
provehat ubertatis. Scriptum in nostre congregadonis domo die tercio 
mensis Julii. 

36. 

To the Pope. 

We rejoice that your holiness is exalted to be supreme ruler of the 
church ; and that the pest of heresy is being cured by your efforts to 
enlighten the clergy, to induce princes to rule with justice, and to correct 
immorality among the people. We trust you may be guided by wisdom 

from above in all you do ; and we earnestly beg that you will not 
believe the malicious reports which have been made to you respecting 
the Archbishop of Canterbury. He is in truth universally beloved 

for his Christian character, and is a zealous defender of the church. 

1427. Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino nostro Martino, 
divina providencia sacrosancte Romane et universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

Beatissime pater, humillima filiali recommendacione ^ premissa; 
terre osculum ante pedes. Beatissime pater, interne consolacionis 
exultat in jubelo vestre sanctissime paternitatis ancilla Oxoniensis 
Universitas; dum in corpore militantis ecclesie, quam a latere Crucifixi , 
sanguis dedicavit effusus, almam personam vestram, verum caput, 
presidere conspicimus, quam unum summum pontificem et in terris 
Christi vicarium ac Petri verissimum successorem concentu cordium 
indubie profitemur^. Et merito vestra exaltacio summi pontificatus 
ad arcem nobis ingentis gaudii propinat materiam ; cum varia ecclesie 
membra, que quondam scismatice pestis erant infirmata contagio, | 
jam ex unius capitis influccione multiplici latis in ecclesie finibus 
recipiunt sanitatem ; cujus evidenciam ex hoc sumimus, quod vestra 
paternitas, ut pastor pervigil, augere nititur in clero lumen sciencie; 
suadet principibus suos gubernare subjectos per ceptrum iusticie; 
Christianorum mores satagit corrigere, et late per orbem extirpare 
desudat orrenda genimina heresium ^ et errorum. Non ergo tantum 
nostra jubelare debet Universitas de tanti et sanctissimi exaltacione 
pontificis, verum etiam universi debent congaudere Christicole, pen- j 
santes quomodo Jesus Christus, vestre paternitati suam universalem 
desponsans ecclesiam, multas animas tenebrosi scismatis eduxerat 
de Egypto, verum Aaron prefecit in sanctuario, fidelem Samuelem t 
judicem constituit in populo, et certe ad felix regimen Christiana 

^ A word follows here, which seems to be only an abortive repetition of pre- 
missa. 2 profetemur MS. ^ heresum ib. 



EPISTOLAE AVADEMICAE. 



33 



gentis alterum David sublimare disposuit manufortem, qui civitatem 
sanctam ecclesiam Jesu Christi muniret libertatibus, liberaret ab 
hostibus, purgaret a spurciciis, solidaret in fide, stabiliret in pace, et 
cunctam ^ gentem Christianam niteretur dirigere per rectam semitam 
legis Dei. O felix hora, in qua Christi clemencia suorum electorum 
precibus excitari dignatur a sompno, ne scismatica tempestate Petri 
navicula periret in fluctibus ; quia certe confidimus quod tunc Christus 
imperavit ^ ventis et mari ut fieret tranquillitas magna, quum cunctis 
providendo salubriter sanctitatem vestram ad apostolice dignitatis 
apicem sublimavit. Benedictus ergo Dominus, cujus manus fecit 
hec, omnia disponens pro reformacione ecclesie sue sancte, ut post 
scismatice noctis tenebras unitatis Aurora gaudiosa consurgeret, 
animarum vulneribus balsamum salutis efflueret, et sponsa Domini Fol. lo a. 
languens in suspiriis veri sponsi amplexum in ipsa die susciperet, 
quum, septiformis Spiritus cooperante clemencia, sacrosancti con- 
census concilii in firmamento militantis ecclesie celsitudinem vestram, 
ut planetam precipuum, ad Petri solium dignissime subrogavit. Certe 
hec est dies quam fecit Dominus, cujus lumen graciosum, unanimis 
Constancie concilii per consensum oriens, cum non sit palliatum sed 
verum, non divisum sed integrum, non scismatice partitum sed 
gracia Dei unitum, exultare et letari Christiane fidei fideles excitat 
universos. Inter quos nos humillimi vestre predicte Universitatis 
filii congratulari debemus et pariter congaudere ; precipue cum vestre 
sanctissime proteccionis alas nobis semper expansas cognovimus, et 
vestre dignacionis radios incessanter nobis dirigi probavimus multis 
signis; super quo genibus flexis vestri sanctissimi ^ pontificatus ad 
pedes omnis obediencie prostrati cum spiritu, tributa persolvimus 
graciarum. Ceterum in vobis infusa confisi de gracia, quod sicut 
futurorum bonorum Pontifex misericors, princeps pacis, in pace vos 
elegens exaltavit de plebe, in pace vos erigens summi pontificatiis 
tronizavit in arce, et in pace vos confirmans vestro sanctissimo 
regimini, per obediencie vinculum, corda gentis subdidit Christiane; 
ita speramus in Domino quod vestre sanctissime paternitati in singulis 
actibus adest magni consilii Angelus, per quem in cunctis vestris 
operibus tante pacis redolescit suavitas, tante justicie refulget claritas, 
tante deliberacionis anchoratur maturitas, ut vestre sanctitatis animum 
nec oleum adulacionis poterit demulcere, nec sinistre informacionis 
flatus quovismodo impellere, ut tarn piissimus pater, tam justissimus 
judex et innocentissimus pastor a subjecto sibi filio absque gravi 
probacionis examine viscera claudat solite pietatis. Et propterea, 
beatissime pater, in materia, qua de present! movemur ad gemitum, 
* cuntam MS. ^ inipervit ib. ^ vestre santissimtis ib. * senistre ib. 

D 



34 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nostras preces, licet indignas, ad innate vobis clemencie januas con- 
fidencius animamur inducere, et coram beatorum pedum provoluti 
vestigiis, humili^ spiritu unanimes supplicamus, quatenus, impietas 
emulorum, qui, velut accepimus, ' exacuerunt ut gladium linguas suas/ 
et sermonibus odii circumdeclerunt ^ mansuetum pastorem, patrem 
pium et Universitatis nostre fervidum zelatorem, dominum Henricum 
Cantuariensem Archiepiscopum, sue fame et glorie maculam, quam 
non meruit, molientes imprimere, nullatenus consueti favoris et gracie 
prescindat vestre dignacionis influxum a dicto pastore nostro, 
laudabili plurimum ac ecclesie Anglicane perutili; in qua, micans 
irradiacione virtutum, imitandus anteponitur ceteris ad exemplar. 
Quin universi per limites sciunt principes, sciunt proceres, proclamant 
pauperes quod dictus noster reverendissimus pater est in ecclesia 
Fol. 10 b. gentis nostre non rapax lupus sed pastor bonus, non arundo flatum 
sequens amicicie, sed stabilis ut columpna sacrosancte matris ecclesie, 
non piger et negligens in tuendis ecclesie libertatibus ; sed ut fidus 
vestre sanctitatis ac sacrosancte Romane ecclesie filius, in sanctuario 
Dei solidus stat ut murus, quem fodere nequit simonista cupiditas, 
quern quatere nequit heretica pravitas; cum sit hie alter Jonathas, 
cujus sagitta nunquam abiit retrorsum hereticos persequendo. Mi- 
ramur ergo, miramur, quis apud sanctissimam sedem vestram, timore 
Dei postposito, os suum aperire ausus est in verba mendacii contra 
patrem tarn modestum et pium, virtutibus undique radiantem; cum 
sit hie vite speculum, vas virtutum, lucerna morum, fulcitus consilio, 
amabilis populo, clerique specialis alumpnus ; cujus nos testes esse 
debemus, cum Universitatis nostre graduati plurimi, quos morum 
ac sciencie maturitas animarum preparavit ad curam, per antedictum 
patrem nostrum in vineam Domini Sabbaoth beneficiorum collacione 
provida fuerint vocati. Pater ergo beatissime, aures vestre sanctitatis 
avertite a scandalosis mendaciis incidiancium emulorum, qui, ut 
audivimus, sattagentes effundere sanguinem injuste nituntur opprimere 
virum justum. Et ut^ dicti domini nostri Cantuariensis beatitudini 
vestre mores et vita pateant, credite regni nostri presulibus, credite 
proceribus, credite et nobis, licet indignis; quoniam sic in scriptis 
palleam pro grano, lollium pro - tritico quis non tremeret presentare ? 
Hinc obsecramus humillime quatenus dictum dominum et patrem 
nostrum, candelabrum aureum in templo ecclesie Anglicane pro- 
secucione solita* favoris et gracie, ad subditorum sibi gaudium et 
munimen, confovere dignetur^ vestri beatissimi culminis clemencia 
pastoralis; quam, post Felix regimen ecclesie militantis, inter apostolice 

^ humilis MS. ^ circumderunt ib. ^ ut omitted ib, * soHtata ib. 
^ digenetur ib. 



E PISTOL AE ACADEMICAE. 



35 



sedis vicarios in triumphanti Jerusalem futiirorum bonorum Pontifex 
collocet Jesus Chrisius, 

Scriptum Oxofiie in nostre congregacionis domo vicesimo quario 
die mensis Julii anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo 
septimo. 

Devotissimi sanctitatis vestre filii Cancellarius cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum vestre Universitatis Oxoniensis. 




To the Duke of Gloucester and the King's Council. Fol. ii a. 

Power is given from above 'for the punishment of evildoers and 
the praise of them that do well! To you therefore^ as zealous 
defenders of the truths we with humble spirit open our difficulties. 
One William Melton of the Friars minors, a degenerate son of this 
University., has, notwithstanding his vozvs to the contrary, preached un- 
circumcised words and led astray the ignorant up and down the countiy. 
Hereupon we cited him to appear before us, and he submitted ; but 
when we required him to appear again and to receive from us a sound 
form of discourses for his use, he failed to do so, and still remains 
impenitent, defies our authority and violates his oath. 

Illustri et potenti principi ac domino nostro metuendo, Humfrido 1427. 
duci Gloucestrie comiti Hainaultie ^, Hollandie, Zeelandie, &c., ac 
regni Anglie protectori, reverendissimis in Christo patribus ac pre- 
latis, ac dominis magnificis de consilio illustrissimi et metuendissimi 
domini nostri regis, dominis nostris graciosissimis. 

Illustris et potens princeps, reverendissimi in Chrislo patres et 
domini magnifici, nobis plurimum graciosi, humillima matris nostre 
recommendacione premissa : A summo prodiens in filios hominum 
derivata ^ potestas, ad bonorum laudem vindictamque malorum, 
quosdam, ut non horreret confusio, sublimavit salubriter principes 
et pastores, quorum manu robusta lex communita succresceret ^, et 
justicia tribueret cunctis equo* libramine quod est suum. Sic in 
magna domo militantis ecclesie, sue bipharie mancionis spiritualis 
et temporalis, in firmissimas turres vos dignissime novimus exaltatos, 
quatinus alto vestri consilio, spiritu, brachioque vigoris extento, quod 
in subjecta plebe notorie deviat ad pacis et rectitudinis viam blande 
vel aspere reducatur. Ad vos igitur prenobiles domini, quos tenemus 

' This word is quite hopeless in the MS., but there can be no doubt felt in 
supplying it, as the epistle belongs to the short time during which the Duke 
used this title. ^ dirivata MS. successerct ib. * eqiie ib. 

D 2 



36 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



studii nostri defensores precipuos et veritatis fervidos zelatores, super 
hiis que nos et matrem nostiam conturbant et angunt, que eciam 
non valemus dissimulare silencio, cum prostrate spiritu in presenti 
recurrimus uno corde ; et eo fervencius dominacionibus vestris que- 
rulosa nudamus, quanto per easdem solidius credimus ecclesie et 
libertatibus nostris obvia reformari. Conceptam enim de quodam 
nunc degenerante, licet olim dicte nostre matris alumpno, fratre 
Willelmo Melton ^ de ordine Minorum admiracionis et turbacionis 
non injuste materiam, non sine punccione nostre mentis attendimus, 
sed inviti pocius cam referimus cum dolore. Hie enim obedienciam 
filialem in obsequendis privilegiis et statutis sepius matris nostre 
verbis et gestibus promittebat ; qui eciam regni discurrendo provincias 
insana predicando disseruit, ac inter simplices et plebeios in plerisque 
locis per verba incircumcisa sediciose^ docebat, prout fama publica, 
seu verius infamia, et fidedignorum testimonia testantur^. Quibus 
enormitatis excessibus nos ex pondere caritatis obviare curantes, dictum 
fratrem Willelmum citatum personaliter et postea comparentem sen- 
tenciam, correccionis modo, in venerando Minorum consilio benigniter 
affabamur. Ubi quibusdam articulis objectis sibi dulciter, qui et sui 
reformacionem ac debitum juramenti concernunt, ad tunc palam et 
libere decreto et ordinacioni Universitatis nostre protinus in omnibus 
se submisit. Et quia cor nostrum dedimus ob animarum salutem, 
ut quos dictus frater Willelmus prius incauto sermone nube quadam 
dubietatis * obvolverat, nostre diffinicionis luculento tenore per veritatis 
viam solide duceremus, ipsum alias ad diem certum comparere 
mandavimus, deliberaciori consilio purgatam a nobis predicandi 
formulam recepturum ; que nec scrupulum ambiguitatis admittat, 
nec simplicibus oculis materiam offerat questionis. Ipso tamen 
adveniente die, eciam ulterius lapsis mensibus et diebus, sepedictus 
Willelmus proprie salutis immemor, licet graciose ad multos terminos 
exspectatus, non^ sacramento per eum prestito aut salutaribus sue 
matris monitis adquiescens, ad ipsius matris ignominiam, contra 
libertates ejusdem stabilitas per tempora, supra quod in evo nostro 
de quovis patuit, in perniciosum exemplum aliis rebellavit ; in qua 
rebellione, quam docent opera, usque in presens velut protervus et 
contumax perseverat. Quibus omnibus pia consideracione pensatis, 
dominacionibus vestris voto supplicamus unanimi et ex idemptitate 
cordium humillime deprecamur, quatinus dictum nobis rebellem, qui 
juramento recalcitrans in duricia sui cordis obdormit, coartare velitis 

^ This name is written, in contemporary hand, over the line, the original is only 
in initials W. M. ^ sedicioso MS. ^ tetestantur ib. * dubertatis ib. 

* nam ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



37 



manu potencie, ut ad obedienciam debitam et domicilium redeat sue 
matris ; ipsoium itaque potestates agnoscet, quorum virtute statuta et 
privilegia nostra sunt condita, a Christianissimis regibus approbata; 
ne, quod absit, ipsorum violator et transgressor legum, latores legum 
et conditores per ilium haberi occasionabit ^ in despectum. In pre- 
missis vero Cancellarius et procurator nostri, latores presencium, 
veridice noverunt dominaciones vestras prenobiles specialius infor- 
mare ; quibus favorem in agendis nostris et aurem credulam adhibere 
dignemini graciose. Et easdem vestras dominaciones clarissimas 
ad suum beneplacitum et tocius regni munimen defendat et roboret 
Rex omnium triumphator. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 
\domo ^] anno Domini millesimo quadi'ingentesimo vicesimo septimo^ 
septi?no die Novemhris. Humillimi dominacionum vestrarum oratores 
Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium et non regencium in eadem. 



Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum in eadem regencium ^, salutem in Eo qui via Veritas 
est et vita. Tociens altissime veritatis conspectui condignum cre- 
dimus offerre* libamen quociens virtutibus^ precellenti et sciencia 
fidele perhibemus testimonium digne laudis : Hinc est quod nos 
super vita et conversacione honesta dilecti confratris nostri magistri 
Henrici Cheret, in artibus magistri, omnes quorum interest cerciorare 
volentes, per has litteras nostras attestamur, quod idem magister 
in dicta Universitate regenciam suam fine concludens votivo, lauda- 
biliter studuit et profecit^ adeo quod, quamdiu sua presencia cetum 
nostrum decora verat, ilium nullo novimus crimine innodatum; sed 
morum gravitate prefulgens matura, Dei amorem et hominum im- 
maculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Ne igitur calumpniancium invidia 
aut hora maliciose capta ejus status alicui possit in dubium revocari, 
eidem magistro super statu suo laudabili, ut omnibus plenius inno- 
tescat, has litteras testimoniales communi sigillo nostre Universitatis 
predicte fecimus con sign ari. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 
domo mensis Marcii die decimo anno Domini millesimo quadringentesi?no 
vicesimo septimo. 

* occasionabitur MS. ^ Omitted in MS. in cadcm repeated in MS. 

' offcre MS. ^ viytutis ib. « profici ib. 




Fol. II b. 



Testimonial letter for Master Henry Cheret. 



1427. 



38 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



Testimonial letter for Master Roger Downe. 

1428. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Thomas Chace, sacre theologie professor, Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis cetiisque unanimis magistrorum regencium 
in eadem salutem et pacem in Domino sempiternam. Quia vite et 
conversacionis honeste odorem suavissimum in nostro grege con- 
versancium ad Christi fidelium noticiam ardenter cupimus, ut 
debemus, sub testimonio laudabili pervenire, nos dilecti confratris 
nostri fratris Rogeri Downe, ordinis Minorum ^, sacre theologie 
professoris, in dicta nostra Universitate magistrali regentis honore 
predicte facultatis laudabiliter suum complentis officium, vivendi 
regulam in moribus et sciencia sufficienti iudicio cognoscentes, singulis 
orthodoxe matris ecclesie filiis per has nostras litteras attestamur, 
quod suis exigentibus meritis ad sue laydabilis conversacionis 
indicium per nos sibi meruit fidele testimonium perhiberi. Ne ergo 
calumpniancium inyidia aut hora insidiancium maliciose captata 
ejus status qualitercunque possit in dubium revocari, eidem confratri 
nostro super statu suo laudabili et sue complecione regencie has 
litteras testimonials sigillo communi nostre Universitatis fecimus 
consignari. Data Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo mensis Julii 
die nono, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo octavo. 



Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

1428. NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, magistros Johannem Wygrym 
et Ricardum Babthorpe, procuratores Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
recepisse et habuisse die confeccionis presencium de religiosis viris 
Abbate et conventu Monasterii de Osenea juxta Oxoniam viginti et 
sex solidos octo denarios sterlingorum, pro quadam pensione de 
anno regni regis Henrici sexti sexto : De quibus quidem viginti et 
sex solidos et octo denarios, pro predicta annua pensione, fatemur 
nos fore solutos ; et inde predictos religiosos viros et eorum succes- 
sores acquietamus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
commune Universitatis antedicte presentibus est appensum. Datum 
Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis quinto die Februarii anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti post conqtiestum septimo. 



^ minoris MS. 



' laudabile7u ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



39 



Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. Fol. 12 a. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, magistros Johannem Wy- 1428. 
grym et Ricardum Babthorp, procuratores Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
recepisse et habuisse die confeccionis presencium de religiosis viris 
Abbate et conventu monasterii de Enseham, Lincolniensis diocesis, 
sexaginta et octo solidos sterlingorum, pro quadam pensione, de anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti sexto : De quibus quidem sexaginta et octo 
solidis, pro predicta annua pensione, fatemur nos fore solutos ; et 
inde predictos religiosos viros et eorum successores acquietamus per 
presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune Universitatis 
antedicte presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie i?t domo nostre 
congregacionis quinto die Februarii anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum septimo. 

4a 
To the Pope. 

Commending Master John Stokis, and soliciting promotion in reward 
for his services. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Martino, divina 1428. 
providencia sacrosancte Romane et universalis ecclesie summo 
Pontifici. 

Sanctissime pater, humillima et filiali recommendacione premissa, 
cum devotissimis terre osculis ante pedes. Immensa Dei patris 
sapiencia, cuncta disponens salubria, ecclesie sue sancte saluberrime 
providit, dum tantum patrem digne vocari voluit ad apostolatus 
culmina ; qui plus pater novit esse laborantibus in studiis diuturnis, et, 
ut in doctrine stadio doctores catholici, morum claritate conspicui, 
scientificorum fructuumx ubertate fecundi, expedicius currant, bravium 
statueret pro labore. Ideo vestre sanctitatis humillima ancilla, vestra 
Universitas Oxoniensis, firmissime credens quod, si viscerosis precibus 
mentem sanctissimi patris pinguem ^ tetigerit, fumigabit odorem 
bonum; si verissimam Christi petram devotis percusserit peticionibus 
fluent aque gracie salutaris ; exemplo igitur matris filiorum Zebedei 
vestra Universitas Oxoniensis se exponit pro suo fiHo et karissimo 
confratre nostro magistro Johanne Stokis, legum doctore, famoso 
rerum experiencia, excellenter instructo, et in determinacione ecclesie 
Dei solidissime radicato. Ea devocione qua possumus supplicamus, 
quatinus sinceris niatris precibus, pro filio digno deprecantis, aures 



* pingem MS. 



40 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



sue clemencie benignius inclinet pater sanctissimus, eumque sic 
commendatum suscipere [dignetur] ^, ut matris preces humillime cum 
efFectu profuisse senciat'"'; et fidelis servi industria congruis honoribus 
premietur. Vestram sanctissimam paternitatem diu et feliciter ad re- 
fugium ecclesie et fidei conservet et protegat in humanis, cujus vicem 
geritis, unus Deus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo 
Februarii die mm. Humillimi et devoti apostolice sanctitatis filii 
Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium in eadem. 

Decree of Congregation ^ 

''The University will maintain the Chancellor, proctors, and other 
their officers in defending their privilege, by resisting the mayor and his 
subordinates whenever they attempt to levy illegal taxes upon the vendors 
of provisions. And they will assist the Chancellor in raising money for 
repair of the streets. 

1428. Universis Christi fidelibus, notum sit per presentes, quod, decimo 
nono die mensis Marcii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
vicesimo octavo, in plena congregacione regencium Universitatis 
Oxoniensis, ex unanimi assensu et consensu omnium doctorum singu- 
lorumque magistrorum ibidem, decretum erat quod, si contingat 
magistrum Thomam Chace Cancellarium, procuratores aut aliquos 
alios magistros et servientes dicte Universitatis molestari seu quovis- 
modo gravari racione execucionis priviiegiorum ejusdem Universitatis ; 
videlicet in resistendo Majori, ballivis seu aliis quibuscunque ser- 
vientibus ville Oxonie, extorquentibus seu capientibus a venditoribus 
victualium, scilicet ostreorum, piscium, cuniculorum, ovorum^ . et 
aliorum victualium infra libertates dicte ville, contra voluntatem dicte 
Universitatis, tolnetum vel stallagium, seu aliquod aliud genus ex- 
accionis illicite ; tunc dicta Universitas eosdem et eorum quemlibet 
defendet et defendere faciet ejusdem Universitatis sumptibus et 
expensis. Item, predicta Universitas eosdem et eorum quemlibet 
defendet seu defendere faciet suis sumptibus, ut premittitur, et expensis, 
ab omni molestacione et gravamine racione execucionis priviiegiorum 
predictorum in parochia Sancti Thome, et in ceteris suburbiis dicte 
ville ; videlicet arestando et incarcerando et in aliis ^ faciendo pro pace, 

^ The word dignetur omitted in MS. ^ senciant MS. ^ See Epist. 45. 

Also the memorandum following Epist. 41 and the patent letter next succeeding 
it. Also the memorandum fol. 20 a. * At head of this article are written in 

the MS. in a different and later hand, the words, decretum, tolnetum stallagium. 
'° aliisque MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



41 



et ut dicta privilegia exigebunt^ Item, predicta Universitas predicto 
domino Cancellario assistet in levando expensas factas circa repara- 
ciones pavimentomm dicte ville, quousque sibi fuerit plenarie satis- 
factum. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune dicte Universitatis 
presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in domo congregacionis dicte 
Universitatis die et anno superius expressatis. 

41. Fol. 12 b. 

To the Bishop of Durham. 

We cannot co7nplete the new schools, and knoiving well your viunifice7tce, 
we confidently ask for assistance in this work for the advancement of 
learning, the confirmation of the tj^ue faith and the salvation of souls. 
We depute our Chancellor to wait upon you and explain fully our 
circumstances. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Thome, Dei 1428, 
gracia Dunelmensi episcopo, nostro protectori et domino singulari. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine prestantissime, quia 
nuper ex Spiritus clemencia septiformis, piis quorumdam cordibus 
fuerat celitus inspiratum ut, ad summi Regis honorem augmentumque 
studii salutaris, scole universales sacre theologie, quibus a primevo 
caruimus, durabili fabrica levarentur ; nos quoque opus hujusmodi 
parcialiter inchoatum ad optatum finem ex nostris deducere non 
valemus, vestre dominacioni predevote pro nostri defectus relevacione 
confidencius duximus supplicandum, quo nostris profundius radicatur 
in mentibus, quam graciose munifica manus vestra grata solebat 
egentibus subsidia propinare ; per hoc tenentes firmissime, certissime- 
que sperantes quod nostra supplex peticio, que caritati consonat et 
universalem studencium profectum respicit, quorum semper extitistis 
singularis alumpnus, a tam liberali devocione vacua non redibit ; 
presertim cum, inter cetera pietatis opera, putamus illud magis in 
salutem animarum redundare finaliter, quod ad fulcimentum ortodoxe 
fidei sciencieque crementum principalius se extendit. Quocirca 
prelibate dominacioni Vestre devota precum libamina effundimus, pia 
mente unanimiter supplicantes, quatinus ad tam sacri, tam utilis, 
tamque necessarii operis incrementum liberales palmas vestras ex- 
tendere dignemini graciose. Et, quia singula nostrum concernencia 
negocium in hac parte, literali compendio claudere non valemus, 
nostre cause promocionem Cancellario nostro, magistro Thome Chace, 



* exigehani MS. 



42 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



devocioni vestre committimus declaraiidam ; ciijus relalibus auics 
favoris et credencie inclinare dignetur tante dominacionis nobilitas 
predevota; quam ad solamen pauperum et fulcimentum ecclesie in 
prosperis per diuturna continuet fons et vitale principium omnium 
creatorum. Scriptum Oxonie i7i nostre congregacionis domo Maii die 
duodecimo. Oratores vestri Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis 
cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 



Declaration by Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses of 
Oxford ^ 

The mayor, aldermen^ recorder and other officers of the city, being 
summoned, appear before the Chancellor in Convocation ; and in their 
presence, and in the presence of master Thos. Bourgchiere, master Thos. 
Pole, and master William Scrope, sons of nobles, declare that neither 
they nor any other by their authority have ever, to their knowledge, made 
illegal exactions from the vendors of provisions. 

1428. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
vicesimo octavo ^, ... in plena et solempni convocacione regencium 
et non-regencium Universitatis Oxoniensis in domo congregacionis, 
prout moris est, celebrata, vocati Thomas Coventre, Major ville 
Oxonie, Willelmus Offord, Willelmus Herberfsld, aldermanni, Willel- 
mus fFrankelen, ballivus, Nicholaus^ Norton recordator, Willelmus 
Goldesmyth, Hugo Benet et alii burgenses dicte ville coram magistro 
Thoma Chace sacre theologie professore, Cancellario Universitatis 
Oxoniensis predicte, et in presencia dicte solempnis convocacionis, ac 
in presencia nobilium filiorum dominorum, Thome Bourgchiere, et 
magistri Thome Pole, et Willelmi Scrope, inibi existencium, per pre- 
dictum Cancellarium sub forma correccionis pie interrogati, ex hoc 
quod tollenagia, quin verius extorciones a communibus victualariis, 
sive a vendentibus victualia, — puta ostria, ova, cuniculos, columbellas — 
extorquendo exigebant, in prejudicium regie Universitatis, in communis 
fori dispendium, in communitatis studencium iniquum detrimentum, et 
contra cursum consciencie regularis, dixerunt palam et pupHce tunc 
ibidem quod nec ipsi nec eorum unus, aut aliquis alius per eos seu 
eorum nomine, talia exigebant nec talia per antea, in quantum eis 
constabat, per aliquem erant exacta. 



^ See the Decree of Congregation, fol. 12 a. 
' Michael marginal correction, MS. 



^ A blank space in the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



43 



Public notification of preceding declaration. Yo\. 13 j 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere ^^^g 
pervenerint, Commissarius reverendi viri magistri Thome Chace sacre 
theologie professoris, Cancellarii Universitatis Oxoniensis, cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, in Eo semper et feliciter 
\ivere qui via Veritas est et vita. Cum nuperrime in solempni con- 
\ ocatione regencium et non-regencium predicte Universitatis vocatos 
Thomam Coventre, Majorem ville Oxoniensis, Willelmum Offord, 
Willelmum Herberfeld, aldermannos, Willelmum ffrankelen ballivum, 
Nicholaum ^ Norton, recordatorem, Willelmum Goldesmyth, Hugonem 
Benet, et alios burgenses ejusdem ville in domo congregacionis 
Universitatis predicte prefatus Cancellarius ibidem sub correccionis 
forma pie interrogaret, palam et puplice in presencia dicte solempnis 
convocacionis regencium et non-regencium, ac in presencia filiorum 
dominorum Thome Burgchiere, magistri Thome Poole et Willelmi 
Scrope inibi existencium, ex hoc quod tollenagia, quin verius extor- 
ciones, a communibus victualariis sive a vendentibus victualia, — puta 
ostrea, ova, cuniculos, columbellas, — extorquendo exigebant, in pre- 
judicium regie Universitatis, in communis fori dispendium, in com- 
munitatis studencium iniquum detrimentum, et contra cursum con- 
sciencie regularis ; predicti quidem Major aldermannique burgenses et 
ceteri dixerunt, palam et puplice tunc ibidem, quod nec ipsi exigebant, 
nec eorum unus aut aliquis alius per eos, seu eorum nomine, talia 
exigebat, nec talia pro antea, in quantum eis constabat, per aliquem 
erant exacta. Quam quidem responsionem dominus Cancellarius 
fecit in scriptis redigi ad perpetuam rei memoriam, predicte Universi- 
tatis notabiliter in registro. Igitur venerabilibus reverenciis ^ vestris, 
quibus presentes exhibite fuerint, predicta singula unanimiter attestamur 
communi sub sigillo Universitads predicte ad fidem et testimonium 
premissorum. Daium Oxonie in nostre Congregacionis domo decimo 
die Octobris anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo nono. 

Audit of Chancellor's accounts ^ 

A commission, appointed to audit the accounts of the Chancellor find 
that the University is largely in debt to him. 

Memorandum, quod ultimo die septembris anno Domini millesimo 1430- 
quadringentesimo tricesimo, facto pleno compoto Magistri Thome 

^ Michaelem written over the line by a later hand. ^ These words would 

seem to indicate that this epistle, though in form of a patent letter, was addressed 
to dignitaries of the Church or superiors of religious houses. ' This audit of 

Chancellor's accounts and also the acquittances of guardians of the Gyldeford chest 
are misplaced in the MS. and belong to the year 1430. 



44 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Chace, Cancellarii Universitalis Oxonie, coram magistris Johanne Elys, 
Reginaldo Martyrderwa, doctoribus, Johanne Martyn, Johanne Perche, 
Michaele Trefgore, Roberto Pepyr, arcium magistris, auditoribus per 
dictam universitatem deputatis, de certis accommodatis et expensis 
factis per ipsum Cancellarium pro dicta Universitate ; parcellis ex- 
aminatis \ compertum erat quod dicta Universitas debebat prefato 
Cancellario de quodam alio priori scripto, de dato ultimo die Januarii 
ultimo predicto, quinquaginta et duas libras undecim solidos et 
undecim denarios. Item, pro aliis expensis ipsius Cancellarii et 
aliorum secum existencium citra festum natale Domini, in certis 
viagiis et expensis magistri Georgii Redclyff, et pro datis attornatis et 
aliis de consilio Universitatis ^, de claro debebat die confeccionis pre- 
sencium prefato Cancellario quadraginta et octo libras tredecim solidos 
et octo denarios et obolum. Item, pro accommodatis citra quartum 
diem mensis Augusti, ad opus novarum scolarum, sedecim libras. 
Item, memorandum, quod in partem solucionis premissorum idem 
magister Thomas Cancellarius recepit de cista quinque clavium sex 
libras. Item, de gracia doctoris Carmelite [idem Cancellarius recepit]' 
quinque libras. In quorum omnium testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum in domo 
congregacionis Universitatis predide die et anno supradictis. Item, 
memorandum, quod expense nuper facte pereundem Cancellarium pro 
predicta Universitate in quodam viagio versus partes Normandie non 
computantur neque allocantur in premissis. 



42. 

To Cardinal Ursino. 

The great favour you have ever shown to this University emboldens us 
to commend Master Roger Bultieley to your eminence, and to request your 
interest for the furthering of his business at Rome. 

1429. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro Cardinali Ursino. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias 
tante paternitati debitas cum honore. Quia fidedigno ex relatu 
accepimus, quod vestre nobilitatis grata benignitas nostram Universi- 
tatem Oxonie tam sinceri cordis amplexatur in brachiis, ac si ipsara 

^ Here follow (but erased in the MS.) the words non computatis expensis nuper 
factis in quodam viagio versus partes Normandie pro ipsa universitate. The 
passage erased as above (note 2 ) here again occurs similarly erased. ^ These 

words are supplied on the margin by a contemporary hand in the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



45 



vestram dignitatem excelsam a vestre juventutis cunabulis scienciarum 
cum dulcore proprio lactasset ex ubere; in tantum quod pro nostris 
ampliandis honoribus vestra mens pervigilat, lingua laborat, effectus- 
que operis per signa multimoda manifestat, que vestre intime gratitu- 
dinis flamma non cessat indies nostros extendere ad filios, et precipue 
graduatos ; hinc est quod firme confidencie in presenti nobis accrevit 
audacia, ut dicte Universitatis filium confratremque nostrum, caris- 
simum magistrum Rogerum Bulkeley, quem liberalium arcium in- 
bignivit preclara facultas, ac ejus negocia in curia felicius promovenda 
vestre constantis dominacionis aspectui duximus presentandum, vestri 

. favoris auxilium in hac parte instancius supplicando ; in nullo diffi- 
dentes quin dicti confratris nostri negocia felicem sorcientur effectum, 
si tante celsitudinis progeniem nostris precibus humillimis noverimus 
benigniter inclinatam ; quam in ecclesia militante ad sustentacionem 
fidei ortodoxe Christus feliciter conservet in terris ; Qui vos eternaliter 
premiabit in celis. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo 

. viensis Novemhris die vicesimo quarto. Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 



' NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Cancellarium et procuratores 
cetumque unanimem regencium Universitatis Oxoniensis, recepisse 
clara raciocinia ciste de Gyldeford de magistro Johanne Arnold, pro 
toto tempore custodie sue predicte ciste ; unde dictum magistrum 
Johannem ab ulteriori compoto racione predicte custodie absolvimus 

' per presentes sigillo nostro signatas. Datum in domo nostre congrega- 
cionis^ sexto die mensis Marcii, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum nono. 

Et memorandum, quod eodem die sigillate fuerunt due alie ac- 
quietancie in eisdem terminis, mutatis tantum nominibus, videlicet 
■ magistro Waltero David et magistro Johanne Chestyrfeld, custodibus 
. ejusdem ciste. 



Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Martino, divina 1429. 
providencia sacrosancte Romane ac universalis ecclesie summo 



Acquittance of guardians of the Gildford Chest. 



Fol. 13 b. 




Fol. 14 a. 



Pontifici. 



46 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



HumilHma filiali recomendacione premissa, pedum oscula beatomm ; 
Gloriosus Sponsus, uteri virginalis procedens de thalamo, nuptam sibi 
ecclesiam constituit in alto, ut potestatis plenitudine universas tran- 
scenderet orbis dignitates, sibique mundus obediat et patrem in terris 
recognoscat ^ ac dominum, qui cunctis constituitur excelsior dux, rex 
et pastor piissimus sui^ gregis. Tali namque patri cedit ad gloriam 
se ad subjectorum devotissima inclinare rogamina filiorum; quia ex 
sacrosancto evangelice tradicionis eloquio mulierem Cananeam, clamore 
improbo pro filio obsecrantem, votum recolimus misericorditer im- 
petrasse. Ipsius igitur exemplum^ Universitas Oxoniensis mater 
nostra, vestre apostolice sanctitatis ancilla humillima, pro filio suo 
confratreque nostro carissimo, Rogero Bulkeley, in artibus liberalibus 
magistro, preclaris virtutum gemmis multipliciter redimito, supplicat 
indefesse, quatinus pauculas vestre multiformis gracie micas sub 
mensa vestre uberrime largitatis eo amplius colligere valeat, quo 
ipsum tarn spaciosa terrarum climata laboriosis passibus duxerunt 
ad pedes : indubie confidentes quod vestram paternitatem sanctissimam 
precum nostrarum instances sibi sentiet multifarie graciosam; quam 
in sublimi cathedra apostolice dignitatis diu feliciter residere, et post 
hujus vite curricula inter sanctos eterne beatitudinis antistites faciat 
collocari Filius Virginis gloriose. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre con- 
gregacionis domo, mensis Novemhris die vicesimo quarto. Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium 
in eadem. 

Salary of the superintendent of the building of the new 
Divinity Schools. 

Forty shillings a year, a gown or money equivalent, four shillings 
a week while living in Oxford, a house, fodder for one horse arid 
travelling expenses. 

I439» Universis Christi fidelibus, presentes litteras inspecturis, Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis et eadem Universitas salutem : Sciatis nos 
concessisse magistro Ricardo Wynchecombe, lathomo, unam pensio- 
nem quadraginta solidorum sterlingorum annuatim solvendam, ad 
festa S. Michaelis Archangeli et Pasche, per equales porciones, quam- 
diu ipse steterit et intenderit ad supervidendum opus novarum scolarum 
theologie in dicta Universitate ; et unam togam de liberata generoso- 
rum quolibet anno, vel tredecim solidos et quatuor denarios pro 

^ recognosat MS. ^ sue ib. ^ Supply imitata, there is no ambiguity 

in the MS, 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



47 



eadem ; ac qualibet septimana, cum presens ad opus ibidem fuerit, 
qu.ituor solidos sterlingorum pro stipendio suo. Et dictus magister 
Ricardus habebit unum mansum competens pro se et suis consortibus, 
et fenum sufficiens pro uno equo, cum idem Ricardus presens fuerit 
ad dictum opus, sumptibus dicte Universitatis ; et habebit eciam 
rationabiles expensas, quocies missus fuerit in negociis dicte Universi- 
tatis. In cujus rei testimonium has Htteras nostras fieri fecimus 
patentes. Da fa Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, quarto die 
Augusti anno regni regis Henrici sexii post conquestu??i octavo'^. 



To the King and his Council. Fol. 14 b. 

We pray that, as defenders of the church and ctergy and of the 
privileges of this University, you will take measures to secure us in our 
lawful rights, and especially in that of being sole judges in cases arising 
iviihin the precinct <f the University, with power to i?nprison persons 
convicted of violence, ^r. We depute our Chancellor to explain our case 
in person. 

Serenissimo Principi Henrico, Dei gracia regi AngHe et Francie et 1429, 

' domino Hibernie, regiique consilii dominis illustrissimis, reipublice 

: et devoti sui cleri nobilissimis protectoribus. 

Serenissimo et Christianissimo nostro principi, illustrissimisque 
dominis de ejus glorioso consilio humillima regie celsitudinis oratrix 
Oxoniensis Universitas, in prosperis sic negocia regni terreni dis- 

' ponere, ut angelorum consiliis valeant in celo conjungi. Serenissime 
princeps, jam in vestri incHtissimi progenitoris soHo ut justus sedens 
judex, illustrissimique domini, quos magnifice insignivit divine spiritus 
sapiencie, — quoniam inter gloriosas reipublice curas, quas perpefi 

. cogitacione, auxiliante Domino, revolvitis ^ corde vestro, — confidenter 
tenemus quod magnus consilii angelus celsitudines vestras firmissimum 

, posuit pro ecclesia sua murum, inexpugnabiles pro fide turres, pro 
clero clipeos, et fortissimos defensores. Cum, ad stabile et perpetuum 
fidei clerique augmentum, Universitas prelibata per graciosa privilegia 

; regie celsitudinis, diversis temporum intersticiis, ad permanentem 

, studencium quietem, nobiliter extitit decorata, ut studentes continuata 
quiete in fortes ecclesie columpnas regis et regni, suis in dandis con- 
siliis poterint excrevisse ; in tantum quod dicte Universitatis Cancel- 

. larius convictas pro maleficiis personas possit incarcerare, et si minus 

* This article seems to be dated wrongly ; it should be given to the year 1 430. 
Vide fol. 17 b, where it is repeated. ^ revvolvitis MS. 



48 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



juste, quod absit, incarcerantur, nec eo pretextu debeat ilia causa 
coram aliquo regis justiciario, vel judice qualicumque, trahi ad extra ; 
ne ex versipelli perversorum malicia, per mentamenta ficticia alia quam 
plurima subdoleque fabricata commenta, in dicte Universitatis et rerum 
suarum dampnosa dispendia, eadem finaliter compellatur ^ succumbere, 
et studens inibi clerus a legendo et disputando sub brevi desistere. 
— Igitur celsitudinem tanti regis tantorumque dominorum suorum 
circumspectam prudenciam, sagacissime policie laudum titulis claris- 
sime redimitam, spiritu cum prostrate unanimiter compulsamus ; sup- 
plicantes humiliter et devote, quatinus ad dicte Universitatis privilegia 
et antiquas ac solitas ejusdem consuetudines, in nostri studii quietem 
et cleri Anglicani succursum, graciosarum dominacionum vestrarum 
manus dignemini protectrices apponere ; in quibus per regie celsi- 
tudinis majestatem a primevo semper et inconcusse actenus fuimus 
communiti ; et precipue quoad illud privilegium, omnino necessarium 
Universitati, de quibuscunque imprisonamentis ut predicitur ^ ; ne ob 
hujusmodi arrepcionem dicta Universitas ad exterminium et cessa- 
cionem finaliter deducatur. Et, ne epistolaris sermo redderetur ex- 
tensior, nec pretermissi aliquid nostre peticionis videretur^, nostri 
negocii causam in hac parte per magistrum Thomam Chace nostrum 
Cancellarium serenitatibus vestris exponendam commisimus ; quem, 
una cum dicendis ab eo vice nostra, votivis affectibus exoramus in 
visceribus caritatis acceptare dignemini graciose ; ad regie serenitatis 
honorem felicemque regnorum ejus requiem. In felicitate continua 
floreat, quesumus, et rex noster et gloriosus ac magnificus cetus 
vester. Scripium Oxonie in nostra congregacionis domOy penulHma die 
Novemhris. 

Regie serenitatis et sui gloriosi consilii oratores perpetui Universitas 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

45- 

A Public caution against Slander. 

The cause of the University was committed to the Chancellor thereof by 
unanimous vote of convocation ; and we hereby declare that we live in 
peace with our neighbours of the town and pursue our studies without 
offence to any one. 

1429. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Commissarius reverendi viri magistri Thome Chace, sacre 



* compellantur MS. 



^ predicere ib. 



^ videremur ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



49 



iheologie professoris, Cancellarii Universitatis Oxoniensis, cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, in Dominum nostrum 
Deum et feliciter vivere, et fidem credulam presentibus adhibere. Ne 
hesitationis vicium, sinistram per emulorum assercionem, quin verius 
malivolam per suggestionem, oriatur aliquibus de prosecucione nostre 
cause, nostre Universitatis privilegia concernentis ; unanimi nostre Uni- 
versitatis ex voto cordiali pariter et assensu, predicto venerabili viro 
raagistro Thome Chace nostro Cancellario commisse ; et ne oblo- 
quencium perniciosa contagies de tranquilla nostre Universitatis pace 
opinionis perverse errorem generet in populo ; venerabilibus reverenciis 

' vestris, quibus presentes exhibite fuerint, unanimiter attestamur, quod 
dicto nostro Cancellario prefatam causam nostram prosequendam 
unanimi consensu et assensu nostre Universitatis commisimus uno 
corde. Et quantum ad quietam pacis observanciam indubitata fide 
asserimus, quod, nec inter nos neque ex parte nostra, villanis vicinis 
nostris aliisve forinsecis uUa pacis infertur violacio, sed tota nostra 

< Universitas pacis pulchritudine suo floret in studio : glorificatus sit 

: pacis Auctor residens in excelsis ! In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
nostrum commune presentibus duximus apponendum, in fidem et 
testimonium premissorum. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 

, domo sexto die Decembris anno Domini millesimo quad7-inge7iiesimo 
vicesimo nono. 

Acquittance of W. Russell. Fol. 15 a. 

Commutation for feast at inception. Ten poimds received. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Thomam Chace, Cancellarium 1429. 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Ricardum Bapthorpe et Johannem Kyng, 
procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse et habuisse in die con- 
feccionis presencium de fratre Willelmo Russell, ordinis Augustinen- 
sium, pre manibus, decem libras sterlingorum, virtute cujusdam gracie 

\ sibi concesse de commutacione convivii debiti in die incepcionis sue : 
De quibus quidem decem libris fatemur nos nomine dicte Universitatis 

■ fore solutos, dictumque fratrem Willelmum inde quietum per presentes. 

' In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune dicte Universitatis pre- 
sentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in jtostre congregacionis domo, 

' primo die Februarii anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conqucstiim 

' octavo. 

Audit of accounts of Dr. Chace. 

Memorandum, quod ultimo die mensis Januarii, anno Domini mille- 1429. 
simo quadringentesimo vicesimo nono, secundum cursum et computa- 
cionem ecclesie Anglicane, facto pleno compoto magistri Thome 

E 



50 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



Chace, theologie professoris, Cancellarii Universitatis Oxoniensis, coram 
magistris Willelmo Prentis, Thoma Southam, Reginaldo Martirderwa, 
docloribus in theologia, jure canonico et civili; Simone Roo, Willelmo 
Nithgingall et Willelmo Basset, arcium magistris, auditoribus per dictam 
Universitatem ad hoc specialiter deputatis ; de certis accommodatis et 
expensis factis per ipsum Cancellarium pro predicta Universitate, com- 
pertum erat, parcellis examinatis per dictos auditores, quod ipsa Uni- 
versitas de claro tenebatur prefato magistro Thome in quinquaginta et 
duabus libris sterlingorum undecim solidis et undecim denariis. In 
cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune dicte Universitatis presentibus 
apponitur, die et anno Domini supradictis. 

Acknowledgement of a debt by Dr. Chace. 

1429. NovERiNT universi per presentes, me, Thomam Chace, clericum, teneri 
et firmiter obligari Ricardo Babthorpe [et Johanni Kyng^] clericis, 
procuratoribus Universitatis Oxoniensis, in decern libris sterlingorum, 
solvendis eisdem Ricardo [et Johanni ^] vel eorum alteri vel eorum 
attornatis seu deputatis suis, in festo S. Matthei apostoli proxime 
futuro, ad [quam quidem-^] solucionem bene et fideliter faciendam 



Master Thomas Bromis, a truly learned and virtuous man, a zealous 
opponent of the Lollards, has been duly elected to he Bishop of Chichester ; 
King, Lords and commons heartily approve the choice. We humbly 
entreat your holiness to confir?n the same. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Martino, divina 
providencia sacrosancte ac universalis ecclesie summo Pontifici. 

Beatissime pater, solita et filiali recommendacione premissa, cum 
devotissimis terre osculis ante pedes. Ubilibet orbi terrarum militantis 
ecclesie licet summi pastoris cura singulis se pateat * graciosam, illos 
tamen specialius ad exaudicionis graciam solet, ut condecet, ad- 
mitlere, qui sui et sacrosancte sponse sue ecclesie noscuntur peculiares 
et fervidi zelatores. Hinc humillima apostolice celsitudinis filia, Uni- 
versitas Oxoniensis mater nostra, se humiliter exponens pro precaris- 

^ The words inclosed in brackets, obliterated in MS., are supplied from pre- 
ceding article. ^ This memorandum is imperfect, and has been crossed out in 
the MS. ^ This epistle to the Pope is (as is commonly the case) crossed out 

in the MS. Should be praebeat. 



2 




Fol. 15 b. 



To the Pope^ 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



51 



simo filio suo, confratre nostro et maternis uberibus propriis nobi- 
lissime lactate, magistro Thoma Bromis, utriusque juris doctore diser- 
tissimo, lugubris ecclesie Cicestrensis concanonico ^ — quern concors 
virtutum caterva multiformiter predicat redimitum, quem afFate Cices- 
trenis ecclesie, ut a fide dignis accepimus, canonice celebrata eleccio, 
ut inexpugnabilem ecclesie et fidei pugilem contra hereticos versi- 
pellesque Lollardos sepissime approbatum, nominavit canonice in 
pastorem — supplicat humillime et devote, quatinus virum tarn magne 
\ probitatis et sciencie excellencia preditum, in regendis ecclesie rebus 
■ notorie idoneum, aurigamque currus Israel et humilem Bedsaide pis- 
' catorem ; — quem Ille novit erigi dignum quem non fallit eleccio, ' qui 
corda scrutatur et renes ' ; quem eciam non solum peculiaris eligentis 
populi, sed eciam serenissimi domini nostri regis, procerum et com- 
munitatis ejusdem opcio precordialis affectat dicte viduate ecclesie 
eligi in pastorem — cum dicta eleccione commendatum suscipere et 
confirmare dignetur apostolica selsitudo : tenentes firmissime, quod 
• cum dictus egregius doctor, sub archipresule Cantuariensi in minoribus 
: agens ofliciis, contra sevos ecclesie et fidei inimicos nobiliter dimica- 
verit, si super gregis dominici speculam fuerit constitutus ^, ut luminans 
in eternum columpna ecclesiam sponsam proteget a ruina ; ad uni- 
, versalis ecclesie tranquillum regimen. Precessam ^ sanctitatem vestram 
in humanis conservet feliciter, cujus vicem geritis, Deus unus. Scriptum 
\ Oxonie in nostra congregacionis domo mensis Fehruarii die quarto. 
Humillima sanctitatis vestre filia et oratrix specialis Universitas 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis regencium in eadem. 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

Pateat universis per presentes, nos, Magistros Ricardum Babthorp 1429. 

et Johannem Kynge, procuratores Universitatis Oxoniensis, recepisse 

de religiosis viris Abbate et conventu de Oseney Lincolniensis diocesis, 
: duas marcas pro quadam pensione, de anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
^ septimo : De quibus duabus marcis, pro predicta annua pensione, 

fatemur nos fore solutos, et inde predictos religiosos viros acquietamus 
; per presentes : In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune Universi- 
, tatis antedicte est appensum. Datum in domo nostre congregacionis 

septimodecimo die Februarii, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post con- 

qiiestiim Anglie octavo. 

* ecclesie coiicannonico MS. ^ consecutus corrected to constitutus in MS. 

praecelsam probably. 

E 2 



52 



EFISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1429. Pateat universis per presentes, nos, Magistros R. Babthorp et 
Joh. Kynge, procuratores Universitatis Oxoniensis, recepisse de re- 
ligiosis viris Abbate et conventu monasterii de ^ Eynsham Lincolniensis 
diocesis, tres libras octo solidos, pro quadam pensione de anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti septimo : De quibus tribus libris et octo solidis pro 
predicta annua pensione fatemur nos fore solutos, et inde predictos 
religiosos viros acquietamus per presentes : In cujus rei testimonium 
sigillum commune Universitatis antedicte presentibus est appensum. 
Datum in domo nostre congregacionis quintodecimo die Fehruarii anno 
. regni regis Henrici sexti Octavo. 

Fol. 16 a. Acquittance of Abbot of Abingdon for part of contribution 

to Theology-School. 

1430- NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Thomam Chace, Cancel- 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, et procuratores ejusdem recepisse et 
habuisse die confeccionis presencium, vice et nomine Universitatis 
predicte, de venerabili patre, domino Radulpho Abbate Abyndoniensi, 
viginti marcas sterlingorum ; in partem solucionis centum librarum 
nuper concessarum eidem Universitati, ad opus novarum scolarum 
theologie in eadem, de sancta religione ordinis Benedicti in ultimo sue 
generali capitulo apud Northamptone celebrato: De quibus quidem 
viginti marcis, ut predicitur, fatemur nos nomine dicte Universitatis 
fore solutos per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum in domo nostra 
capitulari Oxonie ultimo die Aprilis anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum octavo. 

Acquittance of Abbot of S. Alban's for part of 
contribution to the same purpose. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Thomam Chace, Cancel- 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, et procuratores ejusdem recepisse et 
habuisse in die confeccionis presencium, vice et nomine Universitatis 
predicte, de venerabili patre Johanne Whethampstede, sacre theologie 
professore, Abbate monasterii S. Albani, viginti marcas sterlingorum, 
in partem solucionis centum librarum, nuper concessarum eidem Uni- 
versitati ad opus novarum scolarum theologie in eadem, de sancta 
religione nigrorum monachorum ordinis S. Benedicti in ultimo suo 



^ de repeated in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



53 



generali capitiilo apud Northamptone celebrate : De quibus quidem 
viginti marciS; lit predicitur, fatemur nos, nomine dicte Universitatis, 
fore solutos per presentes : In cujus rei testimonium sigillum com- 
mune dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie 
in do??io nosii'e cotigregationis, terciodecimo die viensis Mail anno regni 
regis Heyirici sexti post conquestum octavo. 

Another similar acquittance. 

Memorandum quod eodem die fuerit alia acquietancia sigillata sub 
eisdem terminis, solum summa mutata in viginti libras, 

4 

To the Duke of Bedford. Fol. i6b. 

History shows that viititary power needs to be directed by wisdom, and 
. that in those states, wherein the liberal sciences have been fostered, arms 
have been successful. We feel that your life and conduct are guided by 
this truth ; for, in the multitude of your cares and labours both civil and 
military, you have by your munificent gifts stimulated the pursuit of 
' leariiing in this place. We send our Chancellor to explain to you how 
' our privileges are threatened, and to receive instructions as to what you 
would have us do. 

Serenissimo principi duci Bedfordie^, domino nostro graciosissimo i430' 
; et singularissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, milicie decor, fidei atque cleri validissime 
defensator ; inter cetera per que regnorum et principum eriguntur 
precoma, ac subditorum consulitur commodis et quieti, illud videtur 
' attenta consideracione precipuum, ut in ipsorum regimine potencia et 
'. sapiencia, que de fluvio liberalis^ sciencie potissime derivantur, sua 
communicent officia et mutuo se supportent. Nam potestas militaris, 
nisi fuerit per sapienciam regulata, de facili deviat, et, velut navis sine 
« gubernaculo procellis exposita, cito perit ; et visum est communiter, 
• testantibus cronicis, quod, ubi studium scienciarum liberalium plus 
' invaluit, illic floruit eminencius milicia secularis ; et, abcedente hujus- 
' modi studio, milicie strenuitas est secuta. Illud firmissime credimus 
innate sublimitati vestre contemplacionis infixum, istiusque ^ con- 
sideracione provida utrobique disponi feliciter actus vestros, quod 
selebriter orbi fama personuit et quotidiana vestra in opere con- 



* Berford MS. literalis ib. ^ istius quod, corrected in MS. 



54 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



tesLantur. Nam que strenua manus celsitudinis vestre potenter 
aggreditur vestre temperamento sapiencie equissime moderantur, et 
que vestre mentis acies circumspecte fienda proposuit vestro vigoris 
brachio fortiter conducitis in effectum. Hec sane nos oratores vestri 
continui in nostris propriis veraciter experimur ; dum, inter labores 
immensos regencie vestre et curas milicie secularis, vestra dignabatur 
nobilitas nos ad fervorem studii, liberalibus scienciis evocatis ad lueem, 
vestris graciosissimis litteris et allectivis numeris ^ invitare : pro quibus 
spiritu cum prostrato offerimus gracias, supplicantes intimius^ ut 
vobis digna merces a Domino sit in celis. Et, quia putamus com- 
modius illis, quibus in longo respondere jussistis, viva voce satisfacere 
quam compendio litterali, misimus providum virum, oratorem vestrum, 
Cancellarium nostrum magistrum Thomam Chace, nostrum specialem 
nuncium in presenti, qui vestre dominacioni, spe consolacionis habende, 
quantas per impugnacionem privilegiorum nostrorum angustias patimur, 
qualis eciam sit status omnium que per nos fieri voluistis, seriatim et 
lucide declarabit; cui, in dicendis pro parte nostra, favorem et fidem 
adhibere dignetur graciosa vestra serenitas prelibata ; quam Deus, ad 
regnorum clerique solacium, longevet in prosperis, et post vie miliciam 
faciat cum superis triumphare. Datum Oxonie, quarto die Augusti, 
Sfc. Serenitatis vestre oratores humillimi studentes Universitatis 
Oxoniensis. 

48. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

We pray that you will use the power committed to your charge in 
defending the privileges by which the University, as the vineyard df the 
Lord, is hedged about, and which our enemies are ever striving to 
destroy. Our Chancellor will in person explain more fully our circum- 
stances, which can be ill expressed in the short compass of a letter. 

1430. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia episcopo Wellensi et Bathoniensi, protectori nostro et domino 
singular i. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, affliccionis nostra 
solacium et spes firma. Fontalis gracie plenitudo, secundum men- 
suram donacionis Christi, sublimiores patres ecclesie sue tesauro 
potencie fecundavit, ut ortum dominicum excolentes eorum communiti 
presidiis liberius valiant eterne legis dispergere semina, et celestes 

^ One would expect muneribus, but the abbreviation used does not warrant it. 
^ intimis MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



55 



plantulas ad fmctus dirigere spiritales. Et licet fecunda mater nostra 
Universitas Oxoniensis, velut ager fertilis ad fructus fidei suos late per 
orbem emiserit palmites speciosos, sepe tamen pessime familiares 
emuli semper nobis infesti banc viniam Domini, plurimis et antiquis 
privilegiis circumseptam, per astutam impugnacionem eorumdem 
nefarie satagant demoliri. Nos igitur, oratores vestri, nequientes cum 
progressu pacifico studii tot procellosis adversariorum turbinibus 
obviare, ad vestrum paternalem subsidium, sub cujus alis respirare 
putamus, confidenter recurrimus una mente. Et quia dominacionem 
vestram de singulis que timemus juxta votum nostrum non sufficimus 
• infformare angustia litterali, providum virum magistrum Thomam 
Chace, Universitatis nostre Cancellarium, ad exponendam intencionem 
nostram vive vocis oraculo unanimes direximus in presenti, cui creden- 
ciam singulis in dicendis et favorem benivolum in nostris promovendis 
adhibere velit vestra paternitas graciosa ; quam ad cultum sui nominis 
longevet in terris vera vite principium Deus ipse. Scriptinn Oxonie 
quarto die Augusti, ^t. Vestre paternitatis oratores humillimi studentes 
Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

49. 

To the Bishop of Ely. 

A similar letter to the preceding was sent to the Bishop of Ely. 

IMemorandoi, quod eodem die quo sigillata fuit littera immediate 
precedens fuit alia littera sigillata, mittenda domino Philippo episcopo 
Eliensi, que in omnibus terminis concordabat cum littera immediate 
precedenti, mutata solum superscripcione, que fuit hec ; ' Reveren- 
dissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Philippo Dei gracia 
episcopo Eliensi, protectori nostro et domino singulari.' 

50. 

, To the Bishop of Durham. Fol. 17 a. 

We thank you from our innermost heart for your gefierous contribution 
to the fund for building our new schools of theology. We hope you will 
continue to be gracious to your humble petit toilers and that God will 
reward you. The bearer hereof, Master Thomas Eland, may be entirely 
trusted. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Thome Dei 1430. 
gracia episcopo Dunelmensi, nostro graciosissimo protectori. 



56 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Reveiendissime in Christo pater et domine, semper nobis promtissime 
consolator; nuper ex vestre devocionis gracia speciali ad construc- 
cionem et fabricam nostrarum scolarum communium, que Dei ad 
honorem, matris nostre ad decorem, et studencium in eadem omnium 
commodum se extendunt, de tesauris vestris per manus Cancellarii 
nostri, magistri Thome Chace, notabilem summam pecunie largissime 
contulistis. Pro quibus omnibus affectibus vicerosis preconia gracia- 
rum unanimi cum consensu referimus, humillime supplicantes quatinus 
penes matrem nostram solita vestra gracia pro futuris temporibus 
perseveret ; et confratri nostro, filio vestro, magistro Thome Eland, 
portitori presencium, credenciam in dicendis adhibere velit vestre 
dominacionis benignitas consueta : quam salvo ducat Altissimus per 
hujus vite stadium, quo possitis in fine percipere bravium gloriosum. 
Scripium Oxonie quarto die Angus ft, ^'c. 

Vestre paternitatis oratores humillimi Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, &c. 



51- 

To the Earl of Warwick. 

Our enemies continually attack our privileges. The peace and quietness 
necessary for study, and to secure which those privileges were granted, 
are so disturbed that learning must perish if we are not succoured. 

1430. Magnifico principi Comiti Warwyci, domino nostro singulari et 
graciosissimo protectori. 

Magnifice princeps, milicie decor, fidei atque cleri validissime 
defensator; inter setera per que regnorum et principum eriguntur 
preconia ac subditorum consulitur commodis et quieti, illud videtur 
attenta consideracione precipuum, ut in ipsorum regimine potencia et 
sapiencia, que de fluvio litteralis scienciae potissime derivantur, sua 
communicent officia et mutuo se supportent. Nam potestas militaris, 
nisi fuerit per sapienciam regulata, de facili deviat, et, velut navis sine 
gubernaculo procellis exposita, cito perit. Et visum est communiter 
testantibus cronicis, quod ubi studium scienciarum liberalium plus 
invaluit illuc floruit eminencius milicia secularis, et, abcedente hujus- 
modi studio, miliciae strenuitas est secuta. Istud firmissime credimus 
innate sublimitati vestre contemplacionis infixum, istiusque considera- 
cione provida utrobique disponi feliciter actus vestros. Nam que 
strenua manus celcitudinis vestre potenter aggreditur, equissime 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 57 



temperamento vestre sapiencie moderantur ; et que vestre probata 
mentis acies circumspecte fienda prospicit vestro vigoris brachio 
conducitis fortiter in affectum. Sane cum nos oratores vestri continue, 
ex percelebri vestri fama, noverimus evidenter strenuitatem vestram 
temperari ^ sciencia, ut e contra scuto vestre potencie defensetur ; nos- 
que dicti oratores vestri, constudentes Universitatis Oxoniensis, per 
impugnacionem privilegiorum nostrorum, que ad augmentum sciencie 
principum nobilitas statuit atque potenter hucusque defendit, tanta 
paciamur emulis ac per eorum astucias tam graviter conturbemur, 
quod propter inquietudinem mencium inter nos verisimiliter deperibit 

. sciencia, si non celerius per oportuna remedia succurratur ; ad vestre 
proteccionis clipeum spe consolacionis habende prostrati confugimus, 
uno corde humillime deprecantes, quatenus exponenda pro parte 
nostra nobilitati vestre per honorandum virum magistrum Thomam 
Chace, Cancellarium nostrum, cordi graciose reponere, et eidem in 
dicendis favorem et fidem annuere vestra velit nobilitas prelibata ; cui 

. post tropheum transiture miliciae coronam Deus glorie tribuat in 
supernis. Datum Oxonie quarto die Augiisti. Nobilitatis vestre 
oratores humillimi studentes Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

^ 52. 

To the Cardinal Bishop of Winchester. Fol. 17 

Knowing that you are ever ready to feel for the afflicted, we implore • 
your aid. We have suffered long and can endure no more. In conse- 
quence of the persistent persecution of our enemies the number of our 
members, once so great, daily dwindles. The University, formerly like 
a queen among nations, is 7iow as it were subject to tribute, a?id like 
. a widow bereft of her sons. We see no hope of a remedy except in your 
all powerful ijifluence. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Henrico, Dei i430' 
' gracia tituli S. Eusebii Cardinali &c., ac episcopo Wyntoniensi, nostro 
singularissimo protectori, 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, singularis alumpne 
studii fideique protector ; longa sads et plusquam satis attenuacione 
consumpti diucius sustinere non valemus refugio desdtuti, si non pre- 
nobilis et circumspecta clemencia vestra, que semper consuevit afflictis 
• compati, benigne per oportuna remedia nos supportet. Nam vestre 



* temper are MS. 



^ idem ib. 



58 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



dominacionis ancilla Universitas mater nostra, quondam scientifice 
prolis innumerositate fecunda, jam lacessita nimium ob illatas injurias 
tendit passu cotidiano, pro dolor, ad occasum ; et que prius domina 
gencium, scienciarum expandens ubera filios in letida sui vultus lactare 
solebat, specie privilegiorum suorum obfuscata, per emulos desolata 
solacio, in tristicia residet, ut lugubris vidua sub tributo. Nec contra 
premissa discrimina posse nos credimus adipisci medelam, nisi per 
supereffluentem graciam dominacionis vestre, ad quam velut ultimatum 
refuglum prostrati recurrimus una mente ; et quia singula, que precelsi 
dominacioni vestre expandere cupimus, litterali sub compendio claudere 
non valemus, honorandum virum magistrum Thomam Chace, Can- 
cellarium nostrum, eidem dominacioni nostrum specialem nuncium 
ordinavimus in presenti ; cui in dicendis pro parte nostra favorem et 
audienciam credulam adhibere dignetur eadem dominacio prenobilis 
graciosa : quam utinam, ad tuicionem fidei regnorum et cleri semper 
Deus felicitet in agendis. Scriptum Oxonie quarto die Augusti. 

Reverendissime paternitatis vestre oratores humillimi studentes 
Universitatis Oxoniensis. 



Remuneration of the stonemason, Master Richard 
Wynchecombe. 

1430. Universis Christi fidelibus, presentes litteras inspecturis, Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis ac eadem Universitas salutem. Sciatis nos 
concessisse magistro Ricardo Wynchecombe, lathomo,unam pensionem 
quadraginta solidorum sterlingorum, annuatim solvendorum ad festa 
S. Michaelis Archangeli et Pasche per equales porciones, quamdiu 
ipse steterit et intenderit ad supervidendum opus novarum scolarum 
theologie in dicta Universitate ; et unam togam de liberata generosorum 
quolibet anno, vel tredecim solidos et quatuor denarios pro eadem; ac 
pro vadiis suis qualibet septiroana, cum presens ad opus ibidem fuerit, 
quatuor solidos : et dictus magister Ricardus habebit unum mansum 
competens, pro se et suis consortibus, sumptibus dicte Universitatis, et 
habebit eciam racionabiles expensas quociens missus fuerit in negociis 
dicte Universitatis. In cujus rei testimonium has nostras litteras fieri 
fecimus patentes. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo^ quarto die 
Augusti, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum octavo. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



59 



Payment of debt to Master Thomas Chace, the 
Chancellor. 

The debt to the Chancellor shall be discharged out of the sums paid for 
graces, as to one half of the said sums, the other half shall be applied to 
the building of the new theological school. 

Memoraxdum, quod vicesimo die mensis Marcii anno Domini 1430. 
millesimo quadrineentesimo tricesimo, viginti libre levande de gracia 
domini Johannis Stokes monachi, &c., si contingat ipsum incipere, 
erant congregacione regencium assignate magistro Thome Chace 
Cancellario, in partem solucionis debitorum Universitatis. Item, sexto 
die JuUi anno supradicto, ordinavit eadem Universitas in congregacione 
' regencium quod omnes ahe pecunie levande de graciis forent dividende 
in equas porciones, ita videHcet quod una medietas servaretur ad 
fabricam novarum scolarum, et alia medietas ad solucionem debitorum 
Universitatis magistro Thome Chace Cancellario, quousque sibi de 
debitis per Universitatem fuerit plenarie satisfactum. Item, eadem 
Universitas, vicesimo none die Julii, anno Domini supradicto, in 
quadam congregacione regencium et non-regencium, per fidem 
ordinavit, quod omnia mutua, inter ilium diem et festum S. IMichaelis 
• sequens fienda pro fabrica novarum scolarum, forent resolvenda de 
', primis pecuniis, non ante specificatis, dicte Universitati post idem 
' festum S. Michaelis qualitercunque proventuris. In quorum omnium 
. testimonium sigillum commune prefate Universitatis presentibus est 
appensum. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo quarto die August i 
' anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum octavo^ ^-c. 

53- ■ • . 

Testimonial letter for Master Michael Tregour. Fol. 18 a. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere per- 1430. 

, venerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Eo qui est fidelium 

' salus eterna. Tociens altissime veritatis conspectui devotum credimus 

' offerre libamen, quociens virtulibus precellenti et sciencia fidele 
peribemus testimonium digne laudis, illo evangelice tradicionis eloquio 
informati quod rutila fax lampadis non debeat occultari sub modio, 

: sed pocius super candelabrumx erecta in aperto lucescere, ut sit 
Christicolis in exemplum. Hinc nos super vita et odorifera fama 
predilecti confratris nostri magisLri Michaelis Tregour, arcium magistri, 



6o 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE 



quern concors scienciarum chorus mirifice lauriavit, omnes quorum 
interest cerciorare volentes, per has litteras nostras attestamur, quod 
predictus magister, post longeva studia in facultate arcium magis- 
tratum adeptus, illese opinionis constancia firmatus, regenciam suam 
finaliter complevit ; adeo quod, quamdiu sua presencia cetum nostrum 
decoraverat, se in apicem honoris pretulerunt gloriose accionis pre- 
conia; et, morum gravitate prefulgens matura, Dei amorem et 
hominum immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Unde, ne calumpni- 
ancium invidea tante honestatis splendor alicui possit in dubium re- 
vocari, eidem magistro super premissis, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, 
has litteras testimonials sigillo communi nostre Universitatis predicte 
fecimus consignari. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 
iercio die Decemhris anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo. 



Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey \ 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, me, Thomam Chace, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Thomam Graunt et Thomam Gelyfeld, pro- 
curatores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse et habuisse die confeccionis 
presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Eynesham in comitatu Oxoniensi, 
sexaginta et octo solidos sterelingorum : De quibus quidem sexaginta 
et octo solidis fatemur nos nomine dicte Universitatis fore solutos, 
dictosque Abbatem et conventum et eorum successores inde quietos 
per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune dicta 
Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in domo 
congregacionis^ tercio die Februarii ajtno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum mm. 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Thomam Chace, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Thomam Graunt et Thomam Gelyfelde, 
procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse [et] ^ habuisse die con- 
feccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Oseneya juxta Oxoniam 
viginti et sex solidos et octo denarios : De quibus quidem viginti sex 
solidis et octo denariis fatemur nos nomine dicte Universitatis fore 
solutos, dictosque Abbatem et conventum et eorum successores inde 
quietos per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in domo 
congregacionis., tercio die Februarii^ anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum nono. 

^ This and the following acquittances are misplaced in the register under the 
year 1429. ^ et omitted in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



6i 



To Humfrey, duke of Gloucester. Fol. 18 b. 

We thank you for your great favours. Since you have been our 
protector your beneficeiice to us has been such that., though our tongues 
zvere silent, your noble generosity would be conspicuous to all men. 

Serenissimo principi, domino Humfrido duci Glowcestrie, Comiti i430' 
Pembrochie, &c., et locum tenenti Anglie, graciosissimo nostro domino 
et singularissimo protectori. 

Eximie celsitudini et dominacioni precelse jugi cum servicio ob- 
' sequium quam perhumile ; ac, pro impensis beneficiis Universitatis 
■ vinee, eterne beatitudinis vinea in felici per manus celestis agricole 
perenniter complantari. O princeps serenissime, et domine metuende, 
postquam vinea in preclara militantis ecclesie dominacionis vestre 
' prenobilem potestatem, pro vinee tuicione firmissima et secura, summi 
' patrisfamilias erexerat Dei dextera, qualiter vinetum fertilescens alme 
. matris nostre continue proteccionis potencia tanti principis humeris 
j supportabat, etsi lingue palmitum crescencium in eadem sub silencii 
cespite tacite sepelirent, gesta tamen tanti ducis et opera quam 
j magnifica sub oblivionis gleba' hoc nequiunt tumulare. Nec mirum, 
j nam indies hec vinea impinguatur pinguedine, cum donorum im- 
I pinguata incrassatur ^, turn affluencia munerum, que ex liberalitate ^ 
maxima dominacionis eximie velut a fonte rivuli effluunt copiose : pro 
' quibus complantati in hac vinea, vestri oratores, preclare celsitudinis 
innatam bonitatem oculis intellectus limpidius intuentes, pro collatis 
j beneficiis vitibus atque vinee, potestati metuende exennia graciarum 
I unanimiter comportamus manibus pii cordis. Sed, quia quantos 
j volumus non valemus manipulos graciarum, laudis, atque premii 
j afferre tanto principi, summo patrifamilias singuli supplicamus, ut 
j dominacioni precelse eterne felicitatis denarium gloriosum in celesti 
. vinea annuat pro mercede. Et, quia in ortulo scripture brevis 
' nostrorum nequimus conceptuum plantamina radicare, procuratorem 
, nostre vinee dominum Cancellarium nostrum, humilem capellanum et 
oratorem vestrum, decrevimus destinandum, qui vomere sui verbi 
singula explanabit que calamus conscribencium non sufficit colonare. 
Cui credenciam in dicendis dignetur adhibere tante dominacionis 
potestas metuenda ; quam ad regni regimen conservet Altissimus, 

' incrassata, corrected by contemporary hand in MS. The passage is plainly 
confused, but there is no ambiguity here in the handwriting. ^ Ubertatc MS. 



62 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. \ 

prcsidcns in excclsis, rex ille pacificus Christiis Jesus. Scripium \^ 
Oxonie in nosire congregacionis domo quintodecimo die Decembris. Vestre || 
celsitudinis perpetui oratores Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis ^ 
cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. ' 

Acquittance of Abbot of St. Albans. 

We have received fifly of the hundred marks promised by the Bene- 
die tine chapter at Northampton for the new schools. i 

1430. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos,Thomam Chace, Cancellarium 1! 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, et magistros Thomam Graunt et Thomam \ 
Eglishfelde, procuratores ejiisdem, recepisse et habuisse die con- 
feccionis presencium, per manus reverendi in Christo patris et domini 1 
Johannis Abbatis S. Albani, quinquaginta marcas, ad opus novarum | 
scolarum, in partem solucionis centum librarum, quas nuper honorandi i 
patres sancte religionis S. Benedicti, in ultimo suo generali capitulo 
Northamptonie celebrato, ad dictum opus graciose contulerunt : De 
quibus quidem quinquaginta marcis fatemur nos, nomine Universitatis , 
prefate, fore solutos. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune I 
predicte Universitatis est appensum. Datum Oxonie quintodecimo die 
Decembris anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo. 



55- 

Fol. 19 a. To the Abbot of St, Albans, the Prior of Durham, the 

Abbot of Pershore, presidents of the Benedictine order in 1 
England, and to other prelates, members of the same. 

The labour of your order in the founding of this University would be 
ever fresh in our remembrance^ though your recent benefaction had not 
given a new life to our gratitude. The members of your order shall have 
equal right with the secular members of the University to use the new 
theological school. 

1431. Reverendis in Christo patribus Johanni Abbati S. Albani, Priori 
Dunelmensi, et Willelmo Abbati de Persaora, presidentibus nigrorum 
monachorum in Anglia, ceterisque prelatis ac membris ipsius ordinis 
infra regnum AngHe constitutis, sui, Thomas Chace, Cancellarius Uni- 
versitatis Oxoniensis, cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in 
eadem, hie ad longevum in Domino felicitervivere, et per sancte religionis 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



63 



semitas post scandere felicius ad superna. In recenti servare cogimur, 
nec valemus nec volumus leviter oblivisci, quam devote clari patres 
religionis vestre ad hujus, ubi nunc sistimus, more nostre fundamina 
manu, verbo, speciale suffragium attulerunt : ex quo dignanter hec 
sancta religio, tracta^ solum amoris pondere, deduxit in morem 
Universitatem matrem nostram venustare continue floridis suomm 
raembrorum plantis ^, et eandem cepius grandium frequencia munerum 
impinguare. Sic, ad ampliandam fidem, veteribus donis cumulando 
novella, pro levandis generalibus sacre iheologie scolis, quibus nostra 
mater Universitas ab inicio caruit, hiis diebus eadem religio non 
modicum thesaurum pecunie per vos gratissime propinavit. Pro 
quibus omnibus intimiores, ad quas sufficimus, gracias offerimus una 
mente, pro nobis et successoribus nostris ; volentes in corde et per hoc 
scriptum firmiter concedentes quod, cum dicte scole gracioso succursu 
perfeccionem acceperint, singulis religionis vestre nobiscum in theologia 
studentibus ad semper erit cum secularibus equalis libertas et par 
communicacio quoad usum ; ut, videlicet, secundum exigenciam meri- 
torum et graduum, legant, tam libere disputent et audiant in eisdem, 
sicut alii seculares quicunque facient penes dictam Universitatem 
reputacionis similis sive gradus. In quorum omnium testimonium 
sigillum nostrum commune presentibus est appensum. Datum 
Oxonie in nosire congregacionis domo, vicesimo septimo die Apr His 
anno Domini millesimo quadrin'gerftesimo tricesimo prima. 

Acquittance of Master W. Saundre, guardian of the 
Winton Chest. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Cancellarium Universitatis 1431. 
Oxoniensis, cetumque unanimem magistrorum regencium in eadem; 
recepisse de magistro Willelmo Saundre, nuper custode ciste Wyntonie, 
clara raciocinia pro toto tempore custodie sue, de omnibus et singulis 
de quibus racione antedicte custodie predictus magister Willelmus 
habuit respondere ; ipsumque magistrum Willelmum ab omni accione 
ulteriori, racione predicte custodie, absolvimus et aquietamus per 
presentes sigillo communi Universitatis nostre consignatas. Datum 
in donio nostre congregacionis, anno regni regis Hejtrici sexii post 
conquestum Anglie nono et mensis Maii die sextodecimo. 



' tracHi MS. 



^ plantus ib. 



! 

64 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. \ 

56. 

Fol. 19 b. JESUS . j . MARIA . j . ' 

Testimonial letter for Master Philipp Norreys. 

1431. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, quibus presentes littere exibite 
fuerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magis- 
trorum regencium in eadem, salutem et omne bonum in omnium 
Salvatore. Quia vite et conversacionis honeste odorem suavissimum 
in nostra Universitate studencium ad Christi fidelium noticiam, et ut 
in omnibus honorificetur Deus, cupimus, ut debemus, pervenire sub 
testimonio digne laudis ; nos, dilecti confratris nostri magistri Philippi 
Norreys sacre theologie bachallarii, quem concors virtutum concio 
redimivit, honeste conversacionis vitam mores et scienciam notorie 
cognoscentes, omnibus quorum interest innotescimus per presentes, 
quod suis exigentibus meritis et sciencie preconiis, ad sue laudabilis ^ 
conversacionis indicium, per nos sibi meruit fidele testimonium per- 
hiberi. Ne igitur, calumpniancium invidia aut hora insidiancium 
maliciose captata, ejus status posset alicui in dubium revocari, eidem 
magistro Philippo, super statu suo laudabili et sue vite splendore, has 
Htteras testimonials sigillo communi nostre Universitatis predicte 
fecimus consignari. Datum Oxom'e, in nostre congregacionis domo, 
vicesimo die mensis Junii anno Domini millesimo quadringeniesimo 
tricesimo primo. 

JESUS.*. MARIA.-. ANNA, ORATED 

To Humfrey, duke of Gloucester, 

This our fortress of morals and learning can never fall while defended 
by your arm. We, her sons, thank you, in behalf of our 7nother the 
University, and of her daughters the several facidties therein. Though 
most anxious to obey all your commands, we cannot carry out the three 
reforms you desire at this present time, when so many of our members are 
absent. Before Christmas we will write and relate what steps we have 
taken to satisfy your desire. 

1431. Illustrissime princeps, fortis atleta fidei, studiique protector, 
serenitatis vestre perlucidas litteras cum omni qua decuit reverencia 

^ The invocation at the head of this and of the following epistle to the Duke 
of Gloucester seem to show the great anxiety caused by the case of P. Norreys, 
and by the requests of the Duke. 

2 laudabile MS, 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



65 



suscepimus die Martis; quaium perlectus tenor nos ad internum 
jubilum consolacionis erexit, dum tanti principis plenitudine graciae 
perfundi nos vidimus salubriter ad munimen. Nec quidem morum 
aut scienciarum castra posse credimus de facili ruere, que suffulta 
brachiis tante potencie secure novimus undique defensari. Nos igitur, 
vestram celsitudinem advertentes Universitatem matrem nostram inter 
anxia laborum pondera benigniter intueri, et eandem piam matrem 
nostram in filiarum suarum, videlicet facultatum, optare sinceriter 
gloria jocundari, perhumiles oratores vestri, simul cum matre, de- 
bemus ad quaslibet graciarum acciones et gaudia surgere, eo quod 
tanti muniminis brachio sublevamur. Non enim a nostra mente 
labitur, sed totum in viscera merito se diffundit, quod vestris graciosis- 
simis litteris ad reformacionem trium, que significastis eisdem, nimietate 
amoris in presenti termino, vestra dignacio voluit nos hortari. Et licet 
jussionibus dominacionis vestre simus, et semper erimus, obtemperare 
parati, partim tamen ob quorumdam nostrorum absenciam, partim 
eciam ob brevitatem signati temporis et gravitatem operis recommissi, 
non juxta vota modo valuimus mandata vestra sufficienter, ut cupimus, 
adimplere; sed confisi desuper regnantis influxu, ad laudem sibi 
complendam vestram, et ad nostros speciales honorem et commodum, 
quos, velut metimur ex opere, corditer affectatis, ante festum natalis 
Domini, coadunatis professoribus omnium facultatum, celerius quo 
sufficimus hec tria curabimus salutare : et quam cito digestum fuerit 
quod nobis Deus inspiraverit de premissis, prelibate celsitudini vestre 
nostri laboris terminum certificabimus scripto nostro. Velit igitur 
dignacio vestra nos ad tempus sustinere benigne, et offeremus, ducente 
Domino, que serenitatis vestre desideria placite quietabunt : quam 
Deus ad cleri solacium longevet in orbe, et post hujus vie miliciam in 
celestibus annuat triumphare. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congre- Fol. 20 a. 
gacionis domo, mensis Julii die sexto. 

Ista littera precedens fuit missa duci Glocestrie, cujus superscripcio 
fuit hec. 

Illustrissimo principi, atlete fidei et studii protectori, duci Glou- 
cestrie, locum tenenti Anglie, &c., nostro refugio singulari. 

Infrascripcio fuit hec ) Vestre serenitatis oratores humillimi Can- 
cellarius cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium et non-regencium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

Debt of the University. 

The Chancellor shall he repaid the money spent by him for the University. 
Pledges belonging to him in any chest shall not be sold iviihout his consent. 

Memorandum, quod sexto die mensis Julii, anno Domini millesinio 1431- 

F 



66 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



quadringentesimo tricesimo primo, in plena congregacione regencium i, 
et non-regencium Universitatis Oxoniensis, eadem Universitas voluit ! 
et dccrevit, quod magister Thomas Chas, pro tunc Cancellarius r; 
ejusdem Universitatis, post compotum et allocacionem habitam et ti 
habendam ab auditoribus ejusdem Universitatis, habebit resolucionem i 
omnium sibi debitorum per ipsam Universitatem pro expensis per ■ 
ipsum factis pro dicta Universitate ; et quod eadem Universitas 
manum apponet, cum opus fuerit, ad levandum debitum predicti i 
magistri T. Chas pro pavimentis et aliis infra precinctum antedicte ' 
Universitatis ; ac eciam quod cauciones ejusdem magislri Thome jam i; 
incistate non debeant exponi vendicioni contra voluntatem ipsius 
magistri T. Chas, licet fuerint superannuate, quousque sibi de debitis 
Universitatis fuerit satisfactum. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
commune dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum 
Oxonie, in nostre congregacionis domo, die et anno supradictis. 

John Stephens fined. 

Fine paid for failure to incept within the prescribed time, 

1431. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Cancellarium ac procuratores 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, cetumque unanimem magistrorum regencium 
ineadem,recepissein dieconfeccionis presencium de Johanne Stephenus, 
licenciato in jure civili, quinquaginta solidos bone et legalis monete. 
Causa, quia non incepit infra annum a tempore sue licenciacionis, 
secundum exigenciam statutorum. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
nostrum commune presentibus est appensum. Datum in domo nostre 
congregacionis^ mm die Apr His aitTio Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
tricesimo primo. 

58. 

Fol. 20 b. Littera directa domino Cantuariensi pro cista. 

Your letter^ received by the hands of Master Green, expresses such ! 
zeal for God and for learning that we account it as sacred: and 1 
what you have done for us will enable the youth here planted, so to \ 
speak, in the vineyard of the Lord to grow and bear fruit in his \ 
church. We send herewith a copy of the statutes for the chests, and \ 
humbly entreat a favourable consideration of the statement of our case, \ 
which we entrust to your messenger. \ 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Henrico Dei gracia | 
Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, tocius Anglic primati et apostolice sedis ; 
legato, domino nostro et graciosissimo protector! \ ' 
1 The word protectori has been erased, but is faintly discernible. 



i ! 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



67 



Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, quern magnifice laudis 
protectorem collaudancium preconio filiorum gloiificat cetus unanimis, 
filialia ad continuanda solacia per longeva tempora, piis radiis rutilare. 
Graciosas vestras epistolas apicesque sacros per dilectum nobis con- 
fratrem, vestrum clericum, magistrum J. Greene humillima service^ 
recepimus ; quos ideo sacratissimos nuncupamus, quia Domini zelum, 
studii et cleri augmentum, et quicquid continent, est virtutis. Pro 
quibus, et continue alias, Universitas mater nostra reverendissime 
paternitati vestre perpetua oratrix, vivaci contemplans memoria circa 
eandem vestra preterita, presencia, et futura beneficia, nequiens singula 
repetere, sed vobis in singulis graciarum pro tributis exponit organa 
sui cordis. O felix vestrum exordium, felicissimumque progressum, 
ut ampli orbis de finibus congregata genimina, que vestre Universitatis 
complantantur in agro, in scienciis frondeant, in virtutibus pululent, 
floreant et fructificent in ecclesia sancta Dei. Preterea fervidum ad 
tanti patris zelum, per predictum magistrum vivo relatu nobis minis- 
tratum, humillimas inclinamus aures, vestris Sanctis desideriis ob- 
secundantes humiliter, ut tenemur. Dominacioni vestre mittimus 
copias statutorum cistarum per eundem vestrum clericum, humillime 
obsecrantes et devote, quatinus eidem in dicendis ex parte nostra 
graciosas aures dignemini prebere credencie paternali solito cum 
favore. Et reverendissimam paternitatem vestram diutine prospereque 
conservet in humanis summi Patris splendor et noster Redemptor, 
quern pudicissima virginum susceperat incarnatum. Scriptum Oxonie 
in nostre congregacionis domo quarto decimo die Octohris. Humillimi 
paternitatis vestre oratores et filii Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis 
cetus[que] ^ unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

Acquittance of Master Thomas Rodnet, guardian of the . 
Vaughan and Husy chest. 

Pateat universis per presentes, quod nos, Cancellarius Universitatis 1431. 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, 
recepimus de magistro Thoma Rodnet, nuper custode ciste Wacchane^ 
et Husy, pro toto tempore suo vera et legalia raciocinia de omnibus et 
singulis, quibus racione custodie dicte ciste fuerat per dictam Universi- 
tatem onoratus*; videlicet tam de receptis quam de deliberatis et ex- 
crescenciis quibuscunque suo tempore contingentibus, ac insufficienciis 
caucionum, et omnium aliorum: De quibus dictum magistrum racionem 

* i.e. cervice. ^ ^^^^ omitted in MS. or Wouhane. i e. VaugJiaii MS. 

* i. e. oneratus ; there is a confusion between Jioiwratus and oncratus here and in 
other similar acquittances. 

F 2 



68 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Il 



clicte ciste de Wacchane et Husy reddendo absolvimus, exhoneramus \ 
et in perpetuum quietum reddimus per presentes. In cujus rei testi- 
monium sigillum commune Universitatis nostre presentibus apposuimus. 
Datum Oxonie i7i domo nosire congregactom's, quarto die Fehruarii anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo primo, et regni regis 
Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo. 

Fol. 2ia. Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1431. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymere, Can- k 

cellarium alme Universitatis Oxonie, Willelmum Tibard et Willelmum ; 
Brandon, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse et die con- 

feccionis presencium habuisse, de Abbate et conventu de Eynsham in [ 

comitatu Oxoniensi, sexaginta et octo solidos sterlingorum, nomine | 

cujusdam pensionis annue nobis et dicte Universitati, pro anno regni \ 

regis Henrici sexti nono ultimo preterilo, debitos ab eisdem : De quibus | 

quidem sexaginta et octo solidis dictos Abbatem et conventum ac- \ 

quietamus per presentes. In cujus rei teslimxonium sigillum commune } 

dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in domo \ 

congregacionis dicte Universitatis^ vicesimo secundo die Februarii anno [ 

regni regis Henrici sexti decimo. * 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. f 

1431. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymere, Can- 

cellarium alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmum Tibard, et Willel- ' 

mum Brandon, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse et die " 

confeccionis presencium habuisse de Abbate et conventu de Oseneye | 

in comitatu Oxoniensi viginti sex solidos et octo denarios sterlingorum, ■ 

nomine cujusdam annue pensionis nobis et dicte Universitati, pro j 

anno regni regis Henrici sexti nono ultimo jam elapso, debitos ab \ 

eisdem : De quibus quidem viginti sex solidis et octo denariis dictos [ 

Abbatem et conventum acquietamus per presentes. In cujus rei ' 

testimonium sigillum commune dicte Universitatis presentibus est ap- \ 

pensum. Datum Oxonie in domo congregacionis dicte Universitatis \ 

vicesimo secundo die Fehruarii anno regni regis Henrici sexti decimo. I 

I 
t 

Three acquittances of guardians of the Gildford chest. \ 

1431. Pateat universis per presentes, quod nos, Cancellarius Universitatis j 

Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, f 

recepimus de magistro Roberto Feder, nuper custode ciste de Gylford, j 

pro toto tempore suo vera et legalia raciocinia de omnibus et singulis, | 



I 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



I quibus racione custodie dicte ciste fuerat per dictam Universitatem 
i oneratus, videlicet tam receptis quam deliberatis et excrescenciis 
quibuscunque ac siio tempore contingentibus, ac insufficienciis 
caucionum et omnium aliorum : De quibus dictum magistrum ^ racione 
dicte ciste de Gylford reddendo absolvimus, exoneramus et in per- 
petuum quietum reddimus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium 
sigillum commune Universitatis nostre presentibus apposuimus. Datum 
Oxonie in domo nostre congregactom's, duodecimo die Marcii anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo primo, et regis Henrici 
sexti post conquestum decimo. 

Pateat universis per presentes, nos, Cancellarium Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetumque unanimem magistrorura regencium in eadem, 

' recepisse et habuisse die confeccionis presencium de magistro Johanne 
Hute completa et fidelia raciocinia ciste de Gylford, pro toto tempore 

j sue custodie ciste antedicte ; et dictum magistrum Johannem ab omni 

j ulteriori raciocinio et quacumque accione racione custodie absolvimus 
et acquietamus per presentes sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum 

, Oxonie in domo nostre cojtgregacionis duodeciino die mensis Marcii anno 

\ Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo primo. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos Cancellarium Universitatis 
. Oxoniensis cetumque unanimem magistrorum regencium in eadem, 
\ recepisse die confeccionis presencium de magistro Nicholao Messyng- 

ham vera raciocinia, tam de receptis quam deliberatis per eundem 
j pro toto tempore custodie sue antedicte ; a qua quidem custodia pre- 
1 fatum Nicholaum quietum reddimus, et ab ulteriori compoto racione 

predicte custodie absolvimus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium 

sigillum commune dicte Universitatis nostre presentibus apposuimus. 

Datum in domo nostre congregacionis vicesimo octavo die mensis Mail 

anno regni regis S^Henrici\ ^ sexti decimo. 

Two acquittances of guardians of the Queen's chest. Fol. 21 b. 

Pateat universis per presentes, quod nos, Cancellarius Universitatis 1432. 
' Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, 

recepimus de magistro Thoma Wyllkok, nuper custode ciste regine, 
I pro toto suo tempore vera et legalia raciocinia de omnibus et singulis 
I quibus racione dicte ciste fuerat per dictam Universitatem oneratus ^ 

tam de receptis quam de liberatis ; necnon de insufficiencia caucionum 

^ The words ab ulteriori compoto are omitted, or else racione should be rationcm. 
Cf. acquittances on next page. ^ Henrici omitted in MS. ^ The same 

confusion again as to the words oneratus and Jionoratns\ the latter word licrc 
has been first written, then the former, both remaining in the MS. 



70 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMJCAE. 



et omnium aliorum, de quibus dictus magister racione custodie dicte 
ciste habuit respondere ; et eundem magistrum ab ulteriori compoto 
racione dicte ciste reddendo absolvimus, exoneramus et in perpetuum 
quietum reddimus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
commune Universitatis nostre presentibus est appensum. Datum 
Oxonie in domo 7iostre congregacionis vicesimo quarto die Junii anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo secundo, et regno regis 
Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo. 

Pateat universis per presentes, quod nos, Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem, 
recepimus de magistro Willelmo Collis, nuper custode ciste Regine, 
pro toto tempore suo vera et legalia raciocinia de omnibus et singulis, 
quibus racione custodie dicte ciste fuerat per dictam Universitatem 
oneratus ; videlicet tam de receptis quam de liberatis et excrescenciis 
quibuscunque suo tempore contingentibus, ac insufficiencia caucionum 
et omnium aliorum. De quibus dictum magistrum racionem dicte ciste 
Regine reddendo absolvimus, exoneramus et in perpetuum quietum 
reddimus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
Universitatis nostre presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in 
domo nostre congregacionis vicesimo die Junii anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo secundo, et regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum Anglie decimo. 



To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The foundation of Chests in the University revives the scholar Sj,. who, 

as vines in the vineyard of the Lord wither from lack of water, ivhile \ 

seeking the pearl of great price perish for want of the means of subsistence. • 

We venture to ask your approval of an ordinance for the management of | 

the chest you propose to found, and deeply regret that we are not able to ' 
adopt that which you have proposed for our use. 

Reverendo in Christo, &c., H. Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater gracioseque domine, vestre benig- 
nissime paternitati filiali obediencia humillimaque devote premissis. 
Sane velut, humoris deficiente subsidio, plante aliquantulo marcore i 
arescentes paucissimi roris irrigacione aliquociens eleganter rebotre- 
scendo in habundancia lautissimos edunt fructus ; sic revera nonnulli ; 
studio litterarum insistentes, qui paucarum gazarum defectu, omisso ' 
discipline gignasio, plerumque in viam vergerent perdicionis, pusille | 
tamen substancie mutuo relevati, per sue conversacionis maturitatem 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



71 



, scolasticique laboris assiduitatem, in palmites vinee Domini crescunt 
litteratissimos. Quorum itaque momm venustate, sciencie claritate, 
ac redolentis fame suavitate non minus temporalis potestas quam cleri, 
j sublimitas regni, cujus sunt alumpni, quasi quodam sidereo splendore 
i multipliciter decorate existunt. Unde nimirum, inter cetera pietatis 
j opera, ad fructiferum geniminum in ecclesia Dei uberius incrementum, 

* pro inopia scolarium, in agro Domini sciencie margaritam querencium, 
misericorditer relevanda in Universitatibus cistas errarii ^ mutuandi 
fundare perpetuas misericordissimum indubie estimatur. Cujusmodi 
ex caritativa liberalitate erigere larga manu, in nostra Universitate, sua 

• gracia vestra decrevit reverendissima paternitas. Pro cujus nempe 
desiderabili fundacione, articulos vestri voti in ea parte in quadam 
cedula vestre destinacionis nobis per nostrum Cancellarium explicatos, 
vestro intento viciniora quo poteramus, nostris saltem salvis libertatibus, 
redigimus in statuta. In quibus tamen, consideratis laboribus, quos, 
in celebracione divinorum officiorum et aliis actibus nostra Univer- 

. sitatis solempnibus, regentes in artibus, ultra alios, Dei subeunt ad 
, honorem. cum aliarum facultatum regentibus, in mutuo recipiendo de 
vestra cista fienda dignum arbitramur equari : prout utique in acco- 
: modato quarumlibet aliarum nostrarum cistarum inconcusse fieri 
j debere, racione jam dicta, specialiter cautum existit. Ipsis vero 
I licenciatis et bachalariis, qui in aliqua facultate suas legendi formas 
j laudabiliter compleverunt, quod hactenus infra nos nunquam ordi- 
natum prefuerat, aliis bachalariis ampliores de vestra cista pecunie 
summas mutuari benevole, vestra contemplacione, de novo concessi- 
; mus ; ut magis vestra elimosina sic ^ ampliata vobis alias in excellen- 
cioris glorie cedat augmentum, Vestre igitur paternitatis graciosam 
dominacionem unanimes suppliciter exoramus, quatinus ordinacionem 
j pro efificaciori vestri promissi graciosi expedicione propositam ^ quan- 
i tum nobis attinet, animo vobis intimius complacendi, et nostre inten- 
cionis rectitudine, si libeat, editam, benevole acceptare dignetur; pro- 
pensius considerando, quod formam ordinacionis a vestra paternitate 
reverendissima, ut prefertur, nobis transmissam, si absque perjurii 
reatu gravique tumultu, prout afifectuose optavimus, quomodolibet fieri 
potuisset, ex nostrorum cordium integritate unanimi non minus 
' gaudenter quam libenter observandam procul dubio statuissemus. 
i Unde oculos compassionis et misericordie, juxta incepta, super nostram 
! inopiam continuantes, promissum vestrum tam clemens tamque bea- 
! tum propositum ad profectum sacrosancte matris ecclesie, nostreque 
: Universitatis comodum singulare et vobis in eterne glorie premium 

^ i. e. aerarii, 2 ]y[s^ 3 propositi ib. 



72 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



dignemini graciose dirigere, beneficum ^ operis in effectum : quo inde 
vestre tarn pie munificencie caritative ^ scolares participes, ob eorum 
indigenciamm subvencionem graciosam, pro vobis apud fontem 
misericordie devoti et perpetui efficiantur oratores. Et vestram 
reverendissimam paternitatem ad prosperum regimen sue ecclesie 
diutissime felicitet nostri clemencia Salvatoris. Scriptum Oxonie in 
nostre congregacionis domo, quinio die mensis Junii. 

Fol. 22 a. Graces granted to Masters Thomas Colas, Richard 
Cawntone, and Richard Andrew. 

1432. Memorandum, quod petita erat gracia pro magistro Thoma Colas, 
Ricardo Cawntone, Ricardo Andrew, sub hac forma. ' Supplicant 
venerabili congregacioni regencium Magistri Thomas Colas, Ricardus 
Cawntone et Ricardus Andrew, quatinus vesperie illorum habite in 
jure canonico possint illis stare pro vesperiis in jure civili/ Ista gracia 
fuit concessa et ab altero procuratore legittime pronunciata, sub istis 
condicionibus ; quod quilibet illorum disputet gratis bachallariis ejus- 
dem facultatis, et quod quilibet illorum faciet repeticionem solempnem 
infra annum primum sue regencie, et quod tantum solvant Universitati 
pro vesperiis quantum solvissent doctoribus si aliquid solvissent ; et 
quod gracia ista registretur infra septimanam post suam concessionem 
in registro Universitatis et in libris procuratorum. 

60. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury, and Convocation. 

The Universities abound with men of learning, able to refute the 
pestilent heresies now prevalent. The council of Basle accordingly invites 
us to send a deputation to represent our University. We cannot accept 
this invitation, not having the means to provide our deputation with 
a creditable outfit and money for the journey. We humbly ask for your 
assistance, having no other source from which we can hope for aid. 
We leave the amount to your discretion and wonted liberality, hut we 
are anxious that we should not be less creditably represented than other 
old Universities, whose equal we are in other respects, if not in ivealth. 
1432. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico 
Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati ^ ac apostolice sedis 
legato, necnon celebri convocacioni cleri Londoniis jam instanti, nostris 
dominis protectoribusque graciosis. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, ceteri patres ac proceres 
reverendi, virique alii egregii et honorabiles. Almis sane, ut remur, 
' heneficium MS. ^ caritatem ib. ^ primato ib. 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



73 



studiorum Universitatibus, — in quibus virorum copia habundat litteris 
j et scienciis fulgidomm, ad pestilentissimos errores, sediciones et 
excessuum enormitates, singulis pene in provinciis desolatorie undi- 
quam subortos, de vinea Domini penitus evellendos, — presertim con- 
gruit, debitumque censetur pro viribus et ultimum opis et salubria ^ 
prebere consilia. Hinc namque sacrosancta sinodus universalis 
ecclesie, Basilic^ jam celebrata, nostre Universitati, tanquam cui 
plurimum incumbit fidei orthodoxe Christianeque saluti consulere, de 
■ disertissimis preclarissimisque doctoribus et magistris nostris elec- 
j tissimos oratores, tarn pro pestiferarum heresium extirpacione terri- 
* biliumque guerrarum tranquillacione quam de privatarum nequiciarum 
populi correccione, sibi festinanter dirigere nuperrime suis litteris 
graciosis injunxit ; veluti quidem a celeberrimis doctissimisque viris, 
: Rectore doctoribus et magistris preclarissime Universitatis studii 
j Parisiensis, notabiles epistole nobis dudum directe, pro tarn benedicti 
premissi propositi complemento, aliarum Universitatum exemplo, ipsi 
' sacre ^ convencioni nostros oratores, una cum eis continuo ad tribu- 
endam assistenciam benigniter persuadere. Que nimirum sacra 
mandata sanctaque hortamina, nostro unanimi cetui merito pre- 
carissima, quamquam, ut nostrum speciale debitum interniusque 
; affectatum, cum aliis celeberrimis Universitatum studiis pro universali 
i catholice plebis comodo gratissime exsequeremur ; inedia tamen, qua 
j premimur, impediente ipsa, nostro salvo honore, quo interius gravi 
merore concutimur hac vice, debito mancipare effectui non valemus ; 
nisi a vobis, utpote nostris benefactoribus vestri gracia pocioribus, 
: prout hactenus est consuetum casu in consimili, pro expensis nostrorum 
j oratorum, ad nostri cetus statum, licet exiguum, in ipsa celebri et 
' sancta congregacione generali honorifice presentandum, copiosa fiat 
provisio. Nullorsum igitur in ea parte forinsecus a nobis expectato 
! succursu, ad vestras paternales reverencias graciosasque dominaciones 
I confidentes recurrimus, easdem . . obnixeque deposcentes integri Fol. 22 b. 

cordis affectu exoratas haberi, quatenus pro tante rei tam beate tarn 
\ Celebris et necessarie expedicione felici, a cunctis Christi desideranda 
I fidelibus, ad nostrorum, quin pocius vestrorum, oratorum in solempne 
I ac sacrum Basiliense concilium honorabilem transitum, aliquantulam 
' monete summam, vestris visam prudentissimis competentem discre- 
cionibus, de vestra consueta magnificaque munificencia in nostre tante 
, oportunitatis instantis peculiare subsidium graciose et liberaliter con- 
' ferre dignentur ; ut nostra Universitas, et sine gazis ceteris veterum 
' studiorum Universitatibus non impar, vestris modo exuberante ^ adjuta 

^ saluberia MS. ^ Basilice ib. sacri ib. * A word completely 

lost in a blot ib. ^ exuberanti ib. 



i 



74 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



muneribus, eciam venusta suorum oratorum presencia, in sui status il 
presentacione venerabili, eisdem inibi coequetur pariter et honore; 

quo ex tunc ipsa, vestrarum reverendarum paternitatum magnificis ,| 

donacionibus in speciali humiliter et devote teneatur perpetuo salvari ^, ,i 

et constanter itaque in Salvatoris speramus clemencia salvantur omnes | 
sperantes in se, quod tantum opus, tarn sacrum, tamque salubre : 

beatissime inchoatum, vestrorum prestantissimorum ambaxiatorum, ! 

virtutum et scienciarum dotibus insignitorum ; nostrorumque oratorum i 

eisdem dirigendorum consilio, communicata solercia, necnon exactis ' 
laboribus pariter et operis debite impendendis; ad nostri regni singu- 
lare preconium laudemque perpetuam et quasi immortalem, dirigente 

Paraclito ad feiicem consummacionem salubriter ducetur optatam'^; > 
dum tamen ibidem gerenda per eos, vestrarum providissimarum 
paternitatum instruccione sagacissima articulatim maturius predi- 

gerantur, quas, ad doctrine ecclesiastice pioteccionem regnorumque I 

dissidencium unionem ac tocius plebis Christiane universalem salutem, j 

suis carismatibus desuper irradiet, prospere dirigat et firmiter corro- | 

boret Spiritus Sanctus. Cancellarius et Universitas magistrorum j 
studii Oxoniensis vestri humillime oratores. 

i I 

6i. I 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

0/ all works of charily that of relieving the necessities of poor ' 

scholars is the greatest^ enabling them to acquire virtue and science for \ 

the confirmation of the true faith. Such are your exhibitions and the j 

chest to be founded here by you. With one accord we thank you, and \ 

pray that your charitable offices and designs may be continued to us. | 

Our Chancellor, Master G. Kymer, in whose statements entire confidence j 

may be reposed, will wait upon you. j 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico Dei j 

gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice | 

sedis legato. ' [ 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, vestre dominacioni 1 

^ This passage, and, in particular, the words salvari and salvantur are not 

a little puzzling. One would have expected a word meaning ' to pray for ' ; there | 

is however no difficulty in the MS. Antony Wood in the Latin version of his i 

History and Antiquities prudently gives only the earlier part of this epistle, and | 

many mistakes occur in his version ; etiam quidem for veluti quidem, de quo in- \ 
terim for quo interitis, contristamur for concutimur, procuratoribus for pocioribus. 
2 optatum ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



75 



paternali humillima ^ filiali obediencia cum omnimodis reverencia et 
honore, ut tenemur, devote premissa. Illud sane inter pietatis opera 
plus meritorium magisque magnificandum putamus, quo alicujus 
munificencie subsidio pauperum studencium graciose relevatur inopia; 
ut in Universitatum studiis, ad orthodoxe fidei robur ac perspicuam 
beatorum morum instruccionem in grege dominico precipue ampli- 
andum, virtutum et scienciarum culmina addiscendo copiose lucrentur. 
Quo modo revera vestre reverendissime eximium paternitatis zelum 
ejusque largifluum officium, quos penes nostram Universitatem sua 
gracia gerit et ostendit indies speciales, ex vestra magnifica et cari- 
tativa inopum scolarium exhibicione, cisteque per vos in singulare 
talium relevamen fundande intencione piissima, in vobis luculencius 
continue experimur ; et eo patencius quo, premissis sacris, sacro et 
proposito, vestra satagit dominacionis benignitas ut in nostri studii 
agro plus solito virtutes una et facultates universe abundancius plantate 
fertiliter radicentur ; ac in fragrantem et suavem pullulent, crescant, 
floreant et fructificent singularis preeminencie venustatem. Unde 
nos, vestre reverendissime paternitatis et obediencie humiles filii sup- 
plicesque oratores, ad genua sancta gracias eidem impendentes, veluti 
obligamur, unanimiter consurgentes, eandem internius quo valemus 
dominacionem quesumus exoratam haberi, quatinus in corrobora- 
cionem fidei catholice precipuam, peculiareque redolencium morum et 
scienciarum incrementum, prefata misericordie opera, tam pia, tarn 
utilia, tamque beata, per vestram caritativam liberalitatem nobiscum 
generosius inchoata, perpetua continuacione dignetur firmiter stabilire. 
Quo vestro tam benedicto tam felici beneficio, chorusco splendore 
nostre fame, in exuberancia virtutum et scienciarum per orbem orbi- 
culariter crebrescente, pro eodem reverendissima vestra paternitas, 
nostrum cunctorumque fidelium oracionibus perenniter merito recom- 
mendata, etiam digne et in perpetuum per gloriam vivere intelligatur. 
In quod quidem negocium, vestre dominacioni non minus meritorium Fol. 23 a. 
quam nobis utile sinceriterque affectatum, concernentibus, et aliis 
vestre paternali reverencie ex parte nostra per magistrum G. Kymer 
nostre Universitatis Cancellarium benigniter perorandis, credenciam 
adhibere dignetur vestra reverendissima paternitas graciosa ^ : quam, 
ad sue militantis ecclesie prosperitatem pariter et munimen, diutine 
et feliciter conservet incolumem Jesus Christus. Scripium Oxonie in 
nostre congregacionis domo vicesimo nono die Januarii. Vestre reveren- 
dissime paternitatis et obediencie humiles filii et oratores Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque magistrorum unanimis in eadem. 

^ After humillima an abortive word occurs, apparently for rccommendaciom MS. 
^ gloriosa corrected to graciosa MS. 



76 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Acquittance of Eynsham abbey. 

1432. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancellarium 
alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmum Brandon et Johannem Hals, 
procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse, et die confeccionis pre- 
sencium habuisse de Abbate et conventu de Eynsham in comitatu 
Oxoniensi, sexaginta et octo solidos sterlingorum, nomine cujusdam 
pensionis annue, nobis et dicte Universitati, pro anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti decimo ultimo preterito, debite ab eisdem : De quibus 
sexaginta et octo solidis dictos Abbatem et Conventum acquietamus 
per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune dicte 
Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in domo con- 
gregacionis dicte Universitatis vicesimo die Fehruarii anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti decimo ^. 

Acquittance of Oseney abbey. 

1432. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancel- 
larium alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmum Brandon et Johannem 
Hals, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse, et die confeccionis 
presencium habuisse de Abbate et Conventu de Oseney in comitatu 
Oxoniensi, viginti sex solidos octo denarios sterlingorum, nomine 
cujusdam pensionis annue nobis et dicte Universitati, pro anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti decimo ultimo preterito, debite ab eisdem : De 
quibus viginti sex solidis octo denariis dictos Abbatem et conventum 
acquietamus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum com- 
mune dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie 
in domo congregacionis dicte Universitatis vicesimo die Februarii anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti decitno \ 

62. 

To Humfrey duke of Gloucester I 

Every member of the Benedictine order ^ being a scholar^ pays a fee of 
six and eightpence to the master whose lectures he attends. If this fee 
were abolished the recent revival , of learning here would receive a mortal 
blow. And whereas this would be the effect of a certain appeal to the 
Holy See now supported by an inhibition and citation from the Court of 
arches, we, knowing how great is your influence with the aforesaid order., 

^ In a late hand a note is added on margin as follows, ' ex errore scribe annus 
decimus Henrici sexii ponitur pro undecimo ut pateat ex fol. 21 a.' And the same 
observation applies to the next acquittance. ^ After the number 62 a con- 

temporary hand adds ^ prima' vide ' secundam' fol. 24 b, and on fol. 24 a (not b) 
the second epistle numbered 62 occurs, viz. to Robert, Bishop of London. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



77 



('/ whose fuonasteries you are a sort of second founder^ earnestly beseech 
\you to use your good offices with the Lord Chancellor in our hehalf, that 
] he may stop further proceedings in the cause ; and with the presidents of 

the said order ^ that they may oblige the members of the same to pay the 

customary fee in question. 

Serenissimo principi et inclitissimo domino, Domino Humfrido, 1432. 
duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie et magno camerario Anglie, 
nostro domino et graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, magnificeque domine, hinibicione una et 
. citacione inauditis ab officiali curie Cantuariensis ' de arcubus,' — pro 
quadam injusta tuenda appellacione, in causa mere civili (cujusdam 
I collecte sex solidorum octo denariorum, proprio magistro regenti in 
j artibus nostre Universitatis, pro lectura scienciarum liberalium philo- 
j sophiarumque, ordinarie a quolibet monacho ordinis S.Benedicti, ibidem 
! in eisdem scolare, annuatim consueta persolvi,) ad sedem apostolicam 

, inique ^ studentibus, [et] famulis eorum, nuper directis, ac in 

venerabilem virum magistrum Gilbertum Kymer, vestrum servitorem per- 
petuum nostrumque Cancellarium,per quendam mandatarium presump- 
tuosum indebite executis nedum contemptibiliter, — violatur regium 

dyadema ^ Itaque execucioni nostrorum statutorum, ordinariam 

septem arcium liberalium triumque philosophiarum lecturam con- 
cernencium, vestro votivo editorum mandato ^, dampnose plurimum 
impedita, ipsa lectura, quam vestro beato sacroque jussu ad nostram 
non modicam utilitatem, tam in doctrina quam disciplina jam tarde 
expergiscimus, propter subtraccionem collecte, in summa nunc dicta, 
j eadem debite pro lectura, quod absit, de verisimili infra breve desola- 
! torie revertetur in soporem : necnon ad intolierabilem nostrarum liber- 
i tatum et jurium enervacionem enormemque nostri studii subversionem, 
De quo nimium trepidamus ; aliis inter nos causis eciam consimilibus Fol. 23 b. 
grassari volentibus, continue in posterum conformiter appellandi, 
hinibendi, vexandique nostram Universitatem exemplum tribuitur 
perniciosum, nisi vestre celsitudinis magnificencia, ad cujus protec- 
cionem nobis indeficientis, velut ad nostrum singularius presidium, 
inpresenciarum fiducialiter currimus, nostro cetui in dictis injuriis 
\ resistendo graciosius suffragetur. Verum quia venerabilem supra- 
, dictorum religiosorum ordinem tanto peculiarius in alendo virtuosa 

^ The MS. here is, as so often happens, defective. These words are illegible ; 
they look, however, like interpositum quibiislibet pro trahendo. The passage may 
perhaps have been intended to be ad sedeni apostolicam inique intcrpositis, de 
trahendis qtiibuslibet studentibus, &c. ^ Three more words inexplicable. 

^ mandatoriim corrected in MS. 



78 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



et scientifica opera, vestris inchoata preceptis, vestris parere jussibus 
eximie obligari ^ sencemus ; quod vos nempe divino quodam instinctu, 
in ipsorum et tocius ecclesie dirimendo ^ adversarios, fordssimus fidei 
facti estis athleta, atque quasi novus cenobiorum suorum fundator: 
quos nimirum eciam consuetudinibus nostre Universitatis laudabilibus 
tanto conformiores fore convenit, quanto revera ex nostrorum magis- 
trorum favore eminencioribus supra ceteros scolares gaudent inibi 
prerogativis. Vestram igitur inclidssimam humillime implorando 
cordialiter quesumus serenitatem, ut, pro regie corone, nostrarumque 
constitucionum ordinariam premissarum scienciarum tangencium 
lecturam, vestra auctoritate editarum, speciali tuicione, Cancellario 
Anglic continuo affectuose mandare dignetur, quatinus regia pro- 
hibicione officiali curie predicte in causa prefata eidem . . appellata, 
tanquam ab eodem minime audienda, ut moris in causis civilibus 
existit, celeriter supersedere precipiat : veluti insuper venerabilibus 
patribus Abbatibus de S. Albano et Abendon, ordinis memorati presi- 
dentibus, Priorique monachorum ejusdem religionis nobiscum studen- 
cium vestras litteras, in nostrarum prefatarum injuriarum relevamen, 
placeat dirigere graciosas ; ut suis subditis monachis, arcium scolaribus 
in nostra Universitate, specialiter dent in mandatum, quatinus in 
causa prelibata, eorum appellacione et rebellione contra nostram 
Universitatem suam matrem prorsus omissis, in solvendo collectam 
&c. statui suo competentem, regentibus facultatis arcium debitam, 
antique consuetudini Universitatis in ea parte inconcusse hactenus 
usitate prodnus et integraliter se conforment ; Universitatem nostram 
ejusque Cancellarium, prout bonos filios proprios congruit, parentes 
absque infestacione, in pace de cetero penitus demittendo ; ne eorum 
hujuscemodi adversacione contra Universitatem constituta scienciale* 
vestrarum manuum opus, tam utile quam honorificum nobiscum 
noviter ortum, absque vestra graciosa ope in hac parte, cito vergat 
fiebiliter in occasum; quod quidem perfecte continuatum, suorum 
radiorum fulgore undequaque diffuso, vestri nominis ut auctoris, una 
et nostri cetus ut executoris, fame gloriam per orbem spargeret 
universum. Unde sub tudssimo vestrarum alarum tegmine noster 
magistrorum cetus unanimis, graciosum ^ expectans munimen, propter 
vestram quam excellentem munificenciam indies eis similiter pre- 
ostensam, cum conUnuis graciarum accionibus, vestre dominacioni 
serenissime in cunctis precipiendis perenniter complacere et obsequi 
est paratus. Quam ad cleri et regni solamen in omnimoda prosperitate 

^ ohligare MS. derimendo ib. ^ A word illegible in lb. 

* scientiali ib. ^ graciosam ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



79 



diutine felicitet Christus Jesus. Datum in nostre congregacionis do?no, 
Vtcesi'mo tercio die Fehruarii. Vestre serenitatis fervidi oratores 
Cancellarius Universitalis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium in eadem. 

62 (2). 

To the Bishop of London. Fol. 24 a. 

Thanks for favour shown to Master Richard Chestre, with commenda- 
tion of his character and learjiing. 

Reverendissdio in Christo patri et domino, Domino Roberto Dei 1432. 
gracia Londoniensi episcopo. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias 
tante paternitati debitas cum honore. Quia ex fidedigne relacionis 
fama nuper accepimus, per venerabilem confratrem nostrum magistrum 
Ricardum Chestre sacre theologie professorem, quanta gratuita domina- 
cionis insignia eidem contulit et confert vestra paternitas graciosa ; hec 
\ivaci contemplantes memoria ad reddendas cordiales graciarum 
acciones merito excitamur; dignum namque recensentes, philosophico 
ex dicto, illud tocius ad integritatem pertinere quod sue parti im- 
penditur ad profectum ; nec desistimus, ex fiducia, quam penes 
nobilem paternitatem vestram jam habemus, eundem confratrem 
nostrum moribus et scienciis decoratum eidem dominacioni vestre 
ampiius commendare ; ut quod graciose dominacionis vestre benevo- 
lencia inceptum recognoscimus, ejusdem caritatis intuitu et nostrarum 
precum adminiculo, continuare feliciter in posterum senciamus. 
Vestram reverendissimam paternitatem diutine prospereque conservet 
in humanis futuromm bonorum Pontifex Jesus Christus. Scriptum 
in nostre coiigregacionis domo, vicesimo septimo die mensis Februariii 
Vestri oratores Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

63. 

To the Lady Abbess of Syon. 

We have heard of the signal marks of favour you have bestowed upon 
one of our brethren^ master Richard Chestre^ ajid we thank you from 
the bottom of our hearts, being sensible that where one member is benefited 
the whole body shares with it. 



8o 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



1432. Reverends domine, Domine Johanne North, Abbatisse de Syon. 

Reverenda domina, sancte religionis augmentum in Eo cujus est 
Illius aspectus, et celesti Sponso continuo complacere. Quia nuper 
nobis innotuit, ex relacione venerabilis confratris, nostri magistri 
Ricardi Chestre, sacre theologie professoris, quanta graciose benevo- 
lencie vestre insignia eidem contulistis; hec vivaci contemplantes 
memoria ad reddendas interniores nostri^ cordis graciarum acciones, 
quas valemus, merito excitamur ; dignum namque recensentes philo- 
sophico ex dicto tocius ad integritatem illud pertinere quod sue parti 
impenditur ad profectum; nec nostra desistit fiducia, quam vestram 
penes reverenciam graciosam habemus, eundem confratrem nostrum 
laudabilibus mentis et scienciis et moribus^ omniumque virtutum 
splendoribus ac bone fame fragrancia redimitum, manibus vestre 
caritatis incepte benevole amplius commendare : supplicantes devote 
quatenus quod ex caritatis vestre ardore eidem impensum recogno- 
scimus, nostris intervenientibus precibus ad continuacionem felicem in 
posterum senciamus. Reverenciam vestram sic dirigat et conservet 
Dei patris splendor, ut^ vos vigilantem lampadem inveniat sine fine. 
Scriptum in no sire congregacionis domo, vicesimo sepiimo die mensts 
Februarii. Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem. 



64. 

Fol. 24 b. Testimonial letter for Master Richard Chestre. 

1432. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere per- 
venerint, Gilbertus Kymer, medicinarum doctor, Cancellarius Universi- 
tatis Oxoniensis, cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem 
salutem in omnium Salvatore. Tociens altissime veritatis conspectui 
credimus offerre libamen, quociens virtutibus precellenti et sciencia 
fidele perhibemus testimonium digne laudis. Hinc nos, super vita 
laudabili et honeste conversacionis fragrancia dilecti confratris nostri 
magistri Ricardi Chestre, sacre theologie professoris, omnes quorum 
interest cerciorare volentes, has nostras per litteras attestamur, quod 
de predicti confratris nostri* laudabilibus meritis, per diversarum 
facultatum gradus et studia, tanta precessit experiencia unde odorifera 
sui nominis fama, quam apud nos in honoris apicem pretulerunt 
gloriose accionis precoma, latere non valuit; sed, super eminentem 
columpnam erigi digna, ceteris se prebuit studentibus vitale imitacionis 

1 fiostre MS. ^ redimittim omnium^ &c., but corrected ib. ^ et ib. 

* nostris ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



8i 



exemplum et populo lucem magnam ; adeo quod, quamdiu sua pre- 
sencia nostrum cetum decoraverat, morum omnium gravitate prefulgens 
matura, omnium amorem immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. Ne 
igitur, calumpniancium ^ invidia aut insidiancium hora maliciose 
captata, ejus status possit alicui in dubium revocari, eidem magistro 
super statu suo et conversacione laudabili, ut omnibus plenius in- 
jnotescat, has litteras testimoniales sigillo nostre Universitatis communi 
Ifecimus consignari. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo., 
vicesimo septimo die mensis Februarii anno Domini millesimo quadrin- 
gentesimo tricesimo sccundo. 

65. 

I 

' To the Duke of Bedford. 

Wherever the seven liberal arts and the three philosophies are studied 
renown ??iay be foretold, and special honour to him by ivhom they have 

■leen fostered. The examples of Rome and Greece are a proof of this, 
wherein, while learning flourished, success in war spread their glory 
over the world. Already your aid has given an impulse to these studies 
here, and we humbly beg for a continuance of the same, and particularly 
for means of regular paypient to masters lecturing, provision of necessary 

[books, and schools in which to hold the lectures. Our Chancellor will 

^explain to you our necessities more fully. 

Serenissimo principi inclitissimoque domino, Domino duel Ande- 1432. 
igavie et Bedfordie, necnon regenti regni Francie, nostro domino et 
: graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps prepotentissime^que domine, devotissima 
ivestre celsitudini metuendissime recommendacione, omnimodo quo 
idecet honore, humillime premissa : Redolens et splendidum fructifere 
•doctrine egregiarum septem arcium liberalium triumque philosophiarum 
augmentum, sedulo earum continuato gignasio in quavis regione con- 
ilingens, non minimam glorie ejusdem excellenciam presagire solebat 
jfuturam; et presertim ipsius cujus auctoritate seu solercia ibidem 
ifulgidam processere primitus in doctrinam. Quam, inquam, dudum 
{Romana potestas, dum premisse^ sapiencie in suo florebant senalu, 
jtotum orbem suo imperio gloriose tenebat subjectum ! Quemadmodum 
jutique Illirica regio, dum in propriis pagis, Achademia videlicet et 
(Athenis, philosophorum crevere gignasia, Minerve interventu universe 
jtelluri omnique climati sui cinguli'^ militaris spergendo honorem, de 
: suis hostibus victoriosum feliciter continue reportarunt triumphum ! 

' cahiinpniencium MS. ^ prepontissime ib. ' prcviisso ib. * singuli ib. 

G 



82 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



In quibus namque, sacro Mercurii et philologie soluto conjugio, non 
modicus marcor floridi honoris et celebritatis protinus esse traditur 
consecutus. Conformiter quidem, inclitissime princeps, ex celebri et 
florigera septem arcium triumque philosophiarum doctrina, nobiscum 
vestro gracioso et votivo jussu scolatim fructuosum sumente iniciura, 
non minus vestre illustrissime serenitatis et gloriosi regni Anglie 
amplissimum glorie et laudis fastigium veraciter credimus certissime 
pronosticari venturum : et eo pocius, si ad scientificam ipsarum 
sophiamm tarn utilem quam honorificam lecturam nobiscum perpetuo 
continuandam, de competenti stipendio pro laboribus magistrorum 
ipsas docencium, librisque sufficientibus et ad eamm doctrinam 
necessariis, ac scolis in quibus amodo docentur, mediacione vestre 
magnifice dominacionis graciosa fiat provisio. Per^ cujus nempe 
graciam o quante desideratam sapientiam eloquencie nobiscum celebri 
freta connubio, sue conversacionis maturitate laborisque assiduitate, 
preclare doctrine radiis proprios divinitus auditores illustrans, fra- 
granciam morum venustatem et rutilancium scienciarum claritatem, 
ac odorificam fame suavitatem nostre Universitatis, et gloriosam 
vestri nominis magnificenciam immortalem undequaque per orbem 
circumfunderet universum ! Qua de re memores promissi in hac 
parte vestre suavissime pietatis, quod nostrum cetum firme spei 
nonnullis perfudit gaudiis, vestre precellentissime dominacionis affec- 
tuosissime imploramus magnificenciam, quatenus pro vestro opere 
doctrinali speculacionum premissarum tam mature quam sciencialiter 
nuperrime, ut prefertur, incepto, nobiscum perhenniter continuando, 
ex sinu vestre largiflue bonitatis dignetur graciosum impertiri sub- 
sidium ; necnon celeberrimo viro egregioque doctori, magistro Gilberto 
Kymer, Universitatis nostre Cancellario, necessitatem nostramin hac 
parte vestre prevalentissime inclitudini proposituro, nostrarum humilli- 
marum precum instanciis aures efficaciter inclinare vestre magnifice 
pietatis. Et vestre graciose fundacionis patrocinio dicte liberales artes * 
et philosophic nobiscum perpetuo florentes, propter preclarissimam i 
tanti operis tanteque elemosine indigenciam, nomen vestrum celebre 'i 
merito reddant in eternum, ac demum ^ celestem, post banc lucem, ii 
vobis lucrentur beatitudinem in excelsis. Scriptum, Sfc. Serenitatis \ 
vestre oratores perpetui Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque f 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

^ This passage in the MS. is clearly written, and the whole epistle is in one of 
the best handwritings in the collection. It is given here precisely as in the original, i 
^ or donum, domum MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



66. 

1 To the Duke of Gloucester. 

Rcquesfifig him to speak or write to the Duke of Bedford in stippori 
of their prayer^ as ifi the next preceding letter. 

Serenissimo principi prepotentissimoque domino, Domino duel 1432. 
I Gloucestrie, Comiti Pembrochie, et magno Camerario Anglie, nostro 
; domino et graciosissimo protectori. 

• Eadem littera, in sentencia et in terminis ut precedens immediate, 
i dirigitur predicto domino duci Gloucestrie cum ista clausula super- 
i addita, scilicet, * necnoji^ si vestre graciosissiine dominacioni expediens 
videatur et liheat^ inclitissimum principem illusiremque doj?iinum, dominum 
ducem Bedfordie, vestrum germanum prenobilem^ dictarum scienciarum 
! incrementum alias sine er iter affectantem, ad felicem ipsartmi lecture 
^ nobiscum co7itinuacionem in aliquo suffragandu?n epistola dignemini, seu 
affatu allectum reddere vet suasum! In quo, ^-c. Vestre serenitatis 
oratores perpetui Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

; Ordinance for the Chichele chest. Fol. 25 b. 

Henry Chichele Archbishop of Canterbury^ desiring to relieve poor 
scholars, who, while seeking the priceless pearl of knowledge in the field 
of divine learning, are distracted by the cares of poverty, has giveJi to the 
University the sum of two hundred marks. This money shall be kept in 
a chest, which shall be called the Chichele Chest. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1432. 
pervenerint, Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
cetusque unanimis Universitatis Oxoniensis magistrorum regencium 
et non regencium in eadem, salutem in omnium Salvatore: Inter 
cetera pietatis opera pium esse dinoscitur studencium necessitati con- 
sulere, necnon compassionis et misericordie oculos ad eorum relevandas 
indigencias convertere ; ipsis de oportuno subsidio providendo, qui, ut 
in agro Domini sciencie margaritam adquirant, laboribus et erumpnis 
variis se exponunt ; ut, submotis ab eis inopie a studio distrahentis 
molestiis, tanto uberius exercitacione scolastica fructus afferant sciencie 
ac virtutum, quanto abundancius elemosinarum recepcione tempore 
oportuno de sua inedia fuerint relevati. Hac igitur consideracione 
motus et divinitus inspiratus, reverendissimus in Christo pater et 
dominus, dominus Henricus, dictus Chichele, Dei gracia Cantuari- 
ensis Archiepiscopus, tocius Anglic primas et apostolice sedis legalus, 

G 2 



84 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nostre'que Universitatis legum doctor, propter benevolenciam graciosam 
et specialem affeccionem, quas ad magistros et scolares Universitatis 
nostre gerit, nobis et Universitati predicte donavit et tradidit ducentas 
marcas, quas ab eodem, sua gracia, nos habuisse et recepisse cogno- 
scimus et fatemur, in cista nova Universitatis integre reponendas ; 
quam cistam, ex ejusdem reverendissimi patris cognomine speciali, 
cistam ' Chichele,' Anglice ' Chichele Wyche \' pro perpetuo nominari, 
ac dictas ducentas marcas in utilitatem magistrorum et scolarium in 
Universitate predicta studencium per viam mutui convert! volumus^, 
sub modum et formam per nos ordinatos et subscriptos. 

For the safe custody thereof three guardians shall he elected every 
year, who shall be empowered to lend from this fund on receiving 
sufficient pledges ; and they shall be bound by oath to observe this 
ordinance. At the end of their term of office they shall render an 
account of the state of the fund ; principal, interest and pledges. 
They may appoint deputies under proper restrictions. The University, 
for the corporate use, may borrow therefrom one hundred shillings ; and 
any College, except the College of S. Mary of Winchester, five marks. 
A Master of Arts, actually engaged in study in Oxford, may borrow 
forty shillings, a licentiate two and a half marks, a bachelor two marks, 
a scholar one mark. A second loan may not be contracted until the first 
has been repaid. No loan shall be granted unless a pledge, exceeding in 
value the sum to be borrowed, be first deposited ; and such pledge, if not 
redeemed within a year and a month, may be sold to satisfy the debt. 
Pledges must be bona fide the property of the person depositing the same. 
The guardiaits shall visit the chest every month after due proclamation. 
Pledges offered for sale shall only be lent on approval tinder careful 
restrictions and upon sufficient security. 

Nos igitur, Cancellarius antedictus cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
Universitatis predicte, pro secura custodia dicte ciste et summe pecunie ? 
prefate reposite in eadem, ordinamus et volumus, quod, de fidelioribus s 
et discrecioribus magistris arcium duo regentes et unus non-regens in t 
ejus eligantur custodes, singulis annis, in vigilia concepcionis Beate : 
Virginis, qui plenam habeant potestatem magistris et scolaribus nostre 
Universitatis et communitatibus de vera sorte ciste, seu ejus excre- 
scenciis, pro sufficientibus caucionibus, in forma subtaxata mutuare; 
ita quod, post eleccionem eorum ad custodiam dicte ciste, quam cito 

^ This is probably a mistake for ' hntcJi,^ The chests were called ^ Jmtches! 
* volimns MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



85 



commode fieri poterit, in aliqua congregacione Universitatis nostre, 
antequam ad ipsam custodiam admittantur, sacramentum prestent 
corporale, quod singulas ordinaciones huic ciste pertinentes absque 
dolo vel fraude bene et fideliter observabunt ; ac ipsam pro tempore 
sue custodie indempnem custodient, saltern quantum ad se pertinent 
et in ipsis est ; sic quod nullus eorum ultra unum annum et mensem 
in custodia predicte ciste quoquo modo continuet, sed illi ipsam aliis 
custodibus, sic ut prefertur electis, in prima congregacione magistrorum 
post natale Domini facta, omnino deliberent; in qua, ante suam 
deliberacionem hujusmodi, de sua administracione coram auditoribus, 

• ad hoc ^ per procuratores dicte Universitatis deputatos, de vera sorte 
ciste ejusque excrescenciis, si que fuerint, et singulis caucionibus 
ejusdem, necnon de aliis quibuscunque dicte ciste pertinentibus fidelem 
et plenam teneantur reddere racionem : quo modo eciam, si quis 
substitutus fuerit alicujus custodis dicte ciste absentis, tempore 
raciociniorum ejusdem, nomine custodis cujus vices gerit, una cum 

' reliquis custodibus, vel, in eorum absencia, eorum substitutis, tanquam 
procurator principalis in hac parte custodis, ad raciocinia reddenda 
j compellatur ^ : proviso, quod nullus custodum dicte ciste administra- 
cionem ejusdem vice sua alicui committat, nisi magistro vel bachilario 
Universitatis jurato, predictum juramentum tempore substitucionis sue 
consimiliter subeunti : sic eciam quod, lapso anno et mense custodie 
dicte ciste, custodibus prioribus de sorte ciste vel ejus excrescenciis 
non liceat cuiquam mutuare ; nec datas impignoracionis cujuscunque 
pignoris immutare, neque quamque caucionem renovari permittere 
i quoquo modo ; liceat tamen eis excrescencias solvere hiis, quibus 
j debentur, et pecuniam debitam ciste exigere et recipere ac pignora 
liberare ; hoc addito, quod Universitas ad communem usum mutuo de 
dicta cista recipiat centum solidos pro una vice, et quodlibet collegium 
quinque marcas. Item, quilibet magister regens vel non-regens, 
; studens in Universitate, de eadem mutuare poterit, ad usum suum 
' proprium et non alterius, quadraginta solidos et non plus pro una 
I vice. Item, quilibet licenciatus in aliqua facultate mutuari potest, ad 
I usum suum proprium et non ad alterius, solum duas marcas et 
I dimidium pro una vice ; et bachalarius, qui in aliqua facultate formam 
legendi complevit, mutuari potest, ad suum usum et non alterius, 
j solum duas marcas pro una vice ; necnon quilibet bachilarius alius 
j viginti solidos ; et quilibet scolaris unam marcam, et non ultra quovis 

• quesito colore, per se vel per alium, pro una vice mutuari possunt 

• cista de predicta : nec quivis predictorum mutuancium ilerum de 
. eadem per se vel per alium quicquid mutuo recipere debet, donee do 

^ hoc supplied on margin hy later hand. compcllaiiiuy MS. 



li 



86 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

priore mutuo plene fuerit satisfactum; et ex tunc, post medietatem 
anni, tantumdem de eadem cista mutuo recipere potest, et deinceps, 
absque fraude et malo ingenio, quum opus habet ; hoc diligencius 
observato, quod nulli communitati vel persone, nisi alicui predictorum, | 
prestetur mutuum de sorte predicte ciste vel ejus excrescenciis quoquo ^ 
modo, nec eciam alicui ipsarum, nisi sub reali et sufficienti pignore, ' 
pecuniam sic mutuandam in valore notabili excedente ; quod quidem j 
pignus, nisi infra mensem post suam superannuacionem, si plenus ' 
terminus fuerit, vel infra primum mensem proximi termini, si vacacio { 
fuerit, debite luatur, statim proclamacione publica precedente, vendi- i| 
cioni publice exponatur ; ita quod, cum pignus venditum fuerit, retenta | 
ciste summa proprii mutui, residuum precii, si quod fuerit, impignoranti 
Fol. 26 a. solvatur ^ Item, quod quicunque exponentes pignora, sive pro pecunia .' 

dicte ciste, sive pro aliis pignoribus vendicioni expositis, et ad in- i 
speccionem seu examinacionem receptis, jurent se potestatem habere { 
taliter obligandi hujusmodi pignora que exponunt. Item, quod quo- 
libet mense pleni termini teneantur custodes dictam cistam visitare, ! 
proclamacione more solito per scolas publice precedente. Item, quod i 
nullum pignus de cista predicta vendicioni expositum, sive de voluntate j | 
impignorantis infra annum, sive per custodes ciste post annum, cui- j 
quam ad examinacionem vel inspeccionem tradatur, nisi corporale ? 
prestiterit juramentum, quod pignus hujusmodi non accipit fraudulenter ^ 
ad implendum^ vel differendum vendicionem illius ; et ad juramenta 
hujusmodi exigenda quilibet librarius vel stacionarius Universitatis tj 
astringatur. Item, quod qui pignus vendicioni expositum ad in- ■■ 
speccionem vel examinacionem habere voluerit. aliud pignus, nota- < 
biliter excedens precium pignoris venalis, secundum estimacionem 1;' 
stacionarii seu librarii venditoris, eidem exponat, et sic pignus venale ' 
ad examinacionem per octo dies licenter habeat ; quod si infra octo > > 
dies dictum precium constitutum super pignore venali eidem stacionario ) j 
non solvent, nec ipsum pignus venale eidem restituerit, extunc pignus ^ ! 
ejus sic stacionario expositum remaneat ciste in statu prioris pignoris - ! 
obligatum ; ita videlicet quod, per custodes ciste precio constitute • i 
vendicioni exponatur, sicut de pignoribus superannuatis fieri con- i 
suevit : quo vendito, reservetur summa mutui principalis, et, si quid i 
residuum fuerit, assignetur ei, qui primo pignus exposuit, solum 1; 
tantum quantum precium super ejus pignore constitutum excedit i 
summam mutui principalis ; et, si adhuc preter hoc aliquid super- - 
fuerit, illud ei, qui pignus posterius stacionario tradidit, assignetur ; et 
sic fiat singulis impignorantibus quod justum est. 1 

^ solvafitur MS. ^ Probably an error for impediendiuu. 



K 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



87 



/;/ ihe chest a register shall be kept of names and other particulars, 
which register shall be examined every year, and afterivards cancelled, 
hut not rendered illegible. 

The auditors who examine the accoufits of the outgoing guardians 
shall deliver an inde7iture of the saiiie to the proctors. 

All statutes relating to chests in general shall hold good as respects the 
Chichele Chest, and misuse or embezzlement of the funds shall involve 
excommunication. 

Item, quod in prefata cista sit registrum, in quo annis singulis, instante 
compoto, per custodes compotum reddituros scribantur singillatim 
nomina illorum, quibus debebuntur excrescencie de pignoribus venditis 
anno illo, videlicet post ultimum compotum precedentem, una cum 
summis excrescenciarum debitarum singulis eommdem ; que scriptura 

j per auditores compoti examinetur, ut concordet cum summa novarum 
excrescenciarum inserenda indenture super ilium compotum faciende ; 
ne quis, cujus pignus, ultra summam mutui per ipsum de cista accepti, 
venditum forsan fuerit, per custodum ciste injuriam seu negligenciam, 
debitis sibi excrescenciis defraudetur. Cum excrescencie sic in registro 
descripte illi cui debebuntur fuerint persolute, scriptura ipsas ^ con- 
cernens cancelletur in prefato^ registro, ita tamen ut videri possit 
quod fuerat ibi scriptum; cancellate vero hujusmodi scripture per 

I auditores proximi compoti sequentis examinentur ^, ut concordent 
cum summa excrescenciarum, quas custodes coram eis allegabunt de 
temporibus suam administracionem precedentibus, ut liquere possit 
sic se solvisse, ne forte in posterum eedem excrescencie indebite per- 
solvantur. Item, quod auditores compoti custodum priorum dicte 
ciste exquisite ipsum audient, ac indenturam summam sortis* ciste 
continentem, una cum excrescenciis et caucionibus ejusdem ciste 
quibuscunque, post hujusmodi compotum receptum statim procura- 
toribus Universitatis deliberent, in eorum cistam reponendam ; cujus 

' indenture alia pars remaneat in predicta cista, per quam custodes novi 
in suo compoto futuro valeant onerari. Item, quod omnia statuta et 
consuetudines laudabiles conservacionem cistarum concernencia, per 
Cancellarium et Universitatem nostram facta vel in posterum facienda, 
dummodo presenti ordinacioni nullatenus repugnent, circa custodiam 
predicte ciste per presentes ordinamus et volumus observari. 

As a recompense for his charity, the founder of the chest shall be 
reckoned among the benefactors of the University ; and every year, when 
the priest goes round all the schools to ask the prayers of the scholars for 

* ipsos MS. ^ prcfala ib. examinetur ib. * sorte ib. 



88 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



all befK^atiors, his name shall he specially mentioned. Every year also 
mass ' de Trinitate ' shall be said for him ; and after his death, on the 
anniversary of that event if possible, mass ' de defunctis ' shall he said for 
him for ever. Likewise every om who borrows from the said chest shall 
he hound to say five times the '■ Pater nosier' and ''Ave Maria^ for the 
souls of the founder and all the faithful departed ; and, if a priest, he 
shall he hound to celebrate mass ' de requiem 'for the said souls. ■ This 
ordinance shall he a statute of the University, and he entered in the books 
of the Chancellor atid proctors. 

Nos igitur, Cancellarius predictus cetusqiie unanimis magistrorum 
Universitatis premisse, predictam pecuniam nullatenus alienandam, sed 
in prefatos pios usus, et non in alios quoquo modo convertendam, 
diffinitive et finaliter pronunciamus ; omnes et singulos primo et 
secundo et tercio monendo, sub pena excommunicacionis majoris, 
quam ferimus in hiis scriptis in omnes contravenientes, ne de dicta 
pecunia quicquid maliciose et fraudulenter auferre, diminuere, vel in 
alios usus vertere quam premissos aliquis aliquo modo presumat 
aliquive presumant. Insuper, attenta consideracione diligencius adver- 
tentes devocionis nobilitatem, ac caritativam liberalitatem a prefato 
reverendissimo in Christo patre nobis graciose monstratas, suamque 
munificenciam cum graciarum accionibus merito amplectentes, sibi 
spiritualium munerum retribucionem rependere cupiendo, prefatum 
reverendum patrem inter benefactores nostre Universitatis admittimus, 
concedentes eidem quod sit particeps omnium bonorum, que pro 
benefactoribus dicte Universitatis fient in perpetuum ; et quod nomen 
ejus nominibus benefactorum nostrorum perpetuo ascribatur ; quodque 
annis singulis, sacerdote circuiente scolas singulas magistrorum ad 
orandum pro benefactoribus Universitatis, nomen prefati reverendissimi 
patris, tam in vita quam post obitum ipsius, inter ceteros benefactores 
specialiter recitetur: singulis insuper annis, dum vixerit, convenienciore 
die per Cancellarium et procuratores ad hoc assignata, a regentibus 
Universitatis missa pro eo ^ de Trinitate' decantetur; ita quod, post 
mortem dicti reverendissimi patrjs, die quo de hac luce migraverit, si 
comode fieri poterit, seu alio viciniore sequente, saltem non legibili, 
missa ' de defunctis ' cum exequiis mortuorum precedentibus a nobis et 
Fol. 26 h' successoribus nostris pro eodem reverendissimo patre cum diacono et 
sub-diacono fiet in perpetuum Celebris et solempnis; magistris re- 
gentibus ad hoc more solito convocandis, quorum quilibet hujusmodi 
misse a principio evangelii usque ad ultimum ^ Agnus Dei^ in fide 
prestita Universitati, interesse teneatur ; ita quod quilibet, mutuum 
secundum formam predictam recipiens de dicta cista, statim bona fide 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



, promittat quod, pro bono statu dicti reverendissimi patris, dum vivit, 
aut pro anima ejus post mortem et animabus omnium benefactorum 
ejusdem ciste, et omnium fidelium defunctorum, quinquies oracionem 
dominicam, tociensque salutacionem Beate INIarie Virginis devote 
dicet; ac, si non presbiter sit, quod infra octo dies a tempore hujus- 
; modi mutui recepti exequias ^ cum novem leccionibus dicet defunc- 
' torum : quodque, si presbiter sit, celebrabit infra idem tempus ' de 
> cquiem ' unam missam pro animabus omnium predictorum. Volumus- 
que et ordinamus, quod omnia et singula predicta pro statutis de 
j cetero inviolabiliter observentur in perpetuum, et in libris Cancellarii 
I et procuratorum cum statutis aliis inserantur perpetuo duratura ; que 
' ad perpetuam rei memoriam volumus et concedimus coram nobis 
, bentencialiter recitari, cum statuta nostra adjurata legi contigerit, ut 
j est moris. Acta et statuta sunt hec in congregacione solempni regen- 
I cium et non-regencium, in ecclesia Beate Marie Virgims Oxonie 
solempniter celebrata, ex unanimi consensu non-regencium et omnium 
facultatum, existentibus procuratoribus venerabilibus viris magistris 
Willelmo Brandone et Jolianne Hals, vicesimo quarto die mensis 
j Mayi, anno Domini millesimo quadringeniesimo tricesimo secundo. 
' Ad premissa autem omnia et singula fideliter et sine fraude perpetuo 
; facienda et inviolabiliter observanda, nos, Cancellarius et magistri pre- 
j dicti per presentes obligamus nos et successores nostros, et ea omnia 
j facere et observare promittimus bona fide : et ut prefate nostre con- 
cessiones et ordinaciones robur obtineant perpetue firmitatis, presentes 
; litteras nostras patentes fieri fecimus, sigilli Universitatis nostre com- 
; munis appensione munitas, in fidem et testimonium omnium pre- 
I missorum. Datum m dotno nosire congregaciojiis anno predicto mensis 
Jiinii die quinta. 

67. 

Testimonial letter for Master William Carelake. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes liltere 1433- 
' pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 

magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. 

Tociens altissime veritatis conspectui credimus offerre libamen, quo- 
' ciens virtutibus precellenti et ^ sciencia fidele perhibemus testimonium 
; digne laudis : Hinc nos super laudabili vita et honeste conversacionis 
! fragrancia dilecti confratris nostri Willelmi Carelake, arcium magistri, 
■ omnes quorum interest cerciorare volentes, has nostras per litteras 
: attestamur, quod de predicti confratris nottri laudabililais mentis per 
* exequies MS. ^ cx ib. 



90 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



septem liberalium arcium studia tanta precessit experiencia, unde 
odorifera sui nominis fama, quam apud nos in honoris apicem pro- 
tulemnt gloriose accionis precoma, latere non valuit; sed super 
eminentem columpnam erigi digna, ceteris se prebuit studentibus 
vitale imitacionis exemplum et populo lucem magnara; adeo quod, 
quamdiu sui presencia cetum nostrum decoraverat, omnium morum 
gravitate prefulgens matura, amorem omnium immaculati nominis 
titulo vendicavit. Ne igitur, calumpniancium invidia aut insidiancium 
hora maliciose captata, ejus status possit alicui in dubium revocari, 
eidem magistro super statu suo laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, 
has htteras testimoniales sigillo nostre Universitatis communi fecimus 
consignari. Datum Oxonie in nostra congregacionis domo^ vicesimo 
septimo die Apr His anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo 
krcio, 

68 \ 

To the Pope. 

Congratulatory on his efforts to suppress heresy and schism, and 
assuring hi?n oj" the cordial obedience and cooperation of the University. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Eugenio, Romane 
ac universalis ecclesie summo pontifici. 

Sanctissime pater, perhum.illima, usque ad sanctitatis vestre ^ pedum 
oscula beatorum, recommendacione premissa: Ex tenore litterarum 
ejusdem sanctitatis, quas cum humilitate debita pariter et devota vice- 
simo primo die mensis Aprilis recepimus, pium cognovimus desiderium 
quod habere deproperat ad gregem sibi creditum a Domino Jesu 
omnium Salvatore ; presertim circa unitatis ecclesie preservacionem, 
heresium ^ extirpacionem ac dissidencium pacificacionem ; pro quibus 
omnibus Deum humillime petimus, quatenus ex alto ad ea votive 
dignetur respicere, usque ad exaudicionis effectum sua ineffabili 
pietate ; ut sic ecclesia catholica colla contra earn volentes erigere in 
virtute Altissimi vehementer comprimere, et superbas eorum cervices 
jugo rectitudinis valeat incurvare. O felix hora coronandaque intencio, 
quibus divina clemencia supremum ecclesie speculatorem super gregem 
suum sic ammonuit vigilare, ne Petri navicula scismatice tempestatis 
fluctibus ac Christianorum discordia invalescente funditus deperiret! 
Ymmo in non modicum solamen Christi ecclesie militantis late jam 
per orbem extirpare desudat tante sanctitatis industria, nedum horrenda 
genimina heresium ^ et errorum, verum eciam Christianorum scissuram 

^ This epistle is crossed out in the MS. ^ veslre repeated in MS. 

^ /leresum MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



91 



— quorum deflenda divisione humani sanguinis indies provocatur dilu- 
vium, et Christiana religio plus solito refrigescit — ad Spiritus unitatem 
in pacis vinculo studiose nititur invitare. Certissime speramus quod 
ecclesie membra, vario scismatice ^ pestis, proch dolor, infirmata con- 
tagio, vestre sub sanctitatis presidio diffuse in orbis finibus preoptatum 
sanitatis recipient incrementum ; ecclesiaque liberabitur ab hostibus, 
purgabitur a spurciciis, solidabitur in fide, et finaliter vestro sanctissimo 
regimini per obediencie vinculum corda subdentur tocius populi Chris- 
tiani. Et nos pro viribus nostris, apostolicis votis obedientes, humillime 
offerimus nos semper paratos exsequi quecunque fuerint vestre bene- 
placita sanctitati ; quam conservare dignetur Altissimus sue tranquillo 
regimini ecclesie sacrosancte. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 
domo, vicesiino tercio die mensis Apr His. Sanctitatis vestre humillimi ^ 
oratores Cancellarius cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium vestre 
Universitatis Oxonie. 



Commends to his favour Master William Brandon, lately proctor. 

Reverendo in Christo patri, Domino Roberto, Dei gracia Abbati i433- 
, Gloucestriensi. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, internas reverencias tanto 
patri debitas cum honore, et de vestri paternalis favoris oliva gratuita 
; nostri studii fructus continue parturire ^. Tenere vos credimus quod, 
ex justicie debito, hii debeant in percipiendis premiorum manipulis 
ceteros anteire, qui sciencie et virtutis rutila preheminent honestate : 
Ea propter paternitati vestre, quam cincera dileccione prosequimur, 
j carissimum confratrem nostrum magistrum Willelmum Brandon, ar- 
j cium magistrum, nuper nostre Universitatis procuratorem, virum quippe 
iaudabilibus scienciarum et vite meritis, conversacionis fragrancia aliis- 
que virtutibus multifarie insignitum, in spiritualibus et temporalibus 
' circumspectum, cujus periciam et discrecionem per operis exercicium 
indies experimur, specialius quo valemus commendantes ; vos attente 
deprecamur, quatinus ad eundem confratrem nostrum paternitatis 
' vestre affectus inflammetur, favoris et specialis benevolencie radios 
j convertens ad sue exaltacionis commodum ; ut eo plenius eidem vestre 
j paternitati ad graciarum internius teneamur acciones, quo ipsum gracio- 
• sius de vestri pectoris armario noverimus exaltatum ; ex dicto reccn- 
\ sentes philosophico illud pertinere tocius ad integrilatem quod uni sue 




To the Abbot of Gloucester. 



Fol. 27 a. 



' scisinaiic MS. 



-' huniilliinc ib. 



3 



pat turiri ib. 



92 EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

parti impenditur ad profectum. Paternitatem vestram inter sanctos^ 
collocari antistites infinita felicitate plenus^ tribnat ipse Deus. Scriptum 
Oxofiie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Maii die quarto. Can- 
cellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium in eadem. 



70. L 

Fol. 27 b. Testimonial letters for Master John Treguran, and 

several others. 

1433- Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere per- ? 
venerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis ' 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. 
Tociens altissime veritatis conspectui credimus offerre libamen, quo- ( 
ciens virtutibus precellenti et sciencia fidele perhibemus testimonium ^ 
digne laudis : Hinc nos, super laudabili vita et honeste conversacionis ? 
fragrancia dilecti confratris nostri magistri Johannis Treguran, arcium f 

^ magistri, omnes quorum interest cerciorare volentes, has nostras per I 

litteras attestamur, quod de predicti confratris nostri laudabilibus meritis, ; 
per septem liberalium arcium studia, tanta precessit experiencia, unde , 
odorifera sui nominis fama, quam apud nos in honoris apicem pre- ; 
tulerunt gloriose accionis precoma, latere non valuit, sed super emi- 
nentem columpnam erigi ^ digna ceteris se prebuit studentibus vitale 
imitacionis exemplum et populo lucem magnam ; adeo quod, quamdiu 
sua presencia cetum nostrum decoraverat, omnium morum gravitate ; 
prefulgens matura, amorem omnium immaculati nominis titulo vendi- | 
cavit. Ne igitur, calumpniancium invidia aut insidiancium hora j 
mahciose captata, ejus status possit alicui in dubium revocari, eidem f 
magistro, super statu suo laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has j 
litteras testimoniales sigillo nostre Universitatis communi fecimus con- 
signari. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, ultimo die mensis 
Junii anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo tercio. 

Consimiles littere erant sigillate pro magistris Morgano Wynter et 
Petro Provost; et alia pro magistro Vincencio Clement, sub dato ^ 
penultimi diei predicti mensis Junii. Consimiles etiam littere pro 
magistris Willelmo Dowson et Benedicto Burgh, sub dato tercii diei 
mensis Julii. 

Item, consimiles litterae erant sigillate pro doctoribus Thoma Colas 
utriusque juris doctore et arcium magistro, Roberto Grenewode et 

^ santos MS. ^ plenius MS. : cf. Epp. 87 and 93. ^ eregi ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



93 



Ricardo Caiinton legum doctoribus, sub dato secundi diei mensis Julii 
anno Domini supradicto, millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo tercio ^ 
Item, consimilis littera erat sigillata pro magistro Johanne Croxby, 
magistro arcium, et baccalario sacre theologie, sub dato decimi noni 
' diei mensis Julii anno Domini supradicto. 

; Item, consimilis littera fuit sigillata pro magistro Thoma Luddelowe, 
j sacre theologie professore, sub dato^ vicesimo septimo die August! 
: anno Domini supradicto. 

Item, consimilis littera erat sigillata pro magistro Johanne Pygg, 
i magistro arcium, sub dato decimi noni diei mensis Octobris anno supra 
\ dicto. 

71- 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. Fol. 28 a. 

We hiow your care for us, and how you desire that our fertile soil 
may produce fruitful olive trees, to multiply the oil of Catholic doctrine. 
We are deeply grateful, and make bold to commend to your favour 
Master T. Colas, hoping that our intercession may be of service to him 
'' in the business he has in hand. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei i433- 
gracia Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi, tocius Anglie primati, et apostolice 
sedis legato, domino nostro graciosissimo. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, quem magnifice laudis 
protectorem perpetuum collaudancium humiliam preconio sue obe- 
diencie filiorum cetus glorificat unanimis, diutine ad ecclesie et sui 
cleri solamina vivere in humanis. Immense leticie jubilo dies gaudii 
solempnizat mater nostra Oxoniensis Universitas, vestre consolacionis ^ 
ex uberibus graciose refecta ; eo quod vestre sanctissime paternitatis 
pietas sue gracie ymbres continue distillare non cessat, ad Dei nostrique 
studii incrementum pariter et honorem. Scimus etenim, manifeste 
operacionis lumine, quod fecunda vestra devocio vigilanti ex animo 
desiderat ut nostre Universitatis fertili de campo germinantes oriantur 
olive, crescant, floreant, fructificent et sancte conversacionis diffundant 
odorem, oleumque catholice doctrine multiplicent in ecclesia Dei 
sancta. In nostre igitur mentis registrata firmissime memoria repeti- 
mus quanta et qualia largissima manus vestra nobis graciose donavit ; 
pro quibus ex profundi cordis vena fontali graciarum acciones una- 
nimiter exhaurimus, quas vestre reverendissime paternitati totis viribus 
immolamus, supplicantes cum prostrato spiritu, quatinus ad alme 

^ Here follow five lines completel}^ obliterated. ^ sub daios sub. TvTS. 

^ consulacionis ib. 



94 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



matris nostre commodum et honorem continue perseveret gracia pater- 
nalis ; nec amplius nostra desistit fiducia, quam vestram penes paterni- 
tatem habemus, karissimum confratrem nostrum magistrum T. Colas 
utriusque juris egregium doctorem, virum providum et circumspectum, 
laudabilibus meritis, moribus, et scienciis omniumque virtutum fragrancia 
redimitum, manuum vestrarum pio favori humiliter commendare ; ut 
has devotas et humiles sue matris preces sibi suis in agendis senciat 
valituras. Reverendissima vestra paternitas, pro vigili putacione vinee, 
in felicitate plena per manus celestis Agricole premietur. Scriptum 
Oxonie in nostra congregacionis domo mensis Julii die secundo, vestre 
Universitatis humillimi filii Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis 
cetusque magistrorum regencium in eadem. 



72. 

Fol. 28 b. To the Duke of Bedford. 

Nothing is more praiseworthy than providing for the necessities of 
masters engaged in teaching, that their minds may he free from the 
anxiety of want. Having heard from our Chancellor of your intention 
to found a perpetual exhibition for this purpose, we venture to urg£ that 
it may he speedily effected. The teaching of the liberal arts and philosophy 
has been long almost extinct, and your liberality will redound to your 
honour. 

1433- Illustrissimo principi serenissimoque domino. Domino duci Ande- 
gavie et Bedfordie regentique regni Francie, domino nostro singularis- 
simo. 

Serenissime princeps strenuissimeque domine, vestre precellentis- 
sime celsitudini humillima recommendacionis humanitate premissa. 
Nil sane laudabilius nilque memorabilius rebus sensetur in humanis 
quam, pro peculiari scienciarum et virtutum incremento, magistrorum 
in almis Universitatibus ipsas docencium relevari inopias ; quo bono- 
rum fortune freti adminiculo iidem, quos aliter inedia a studio distra- 
heret, pro studentes ibidem efficaciter imbuendo, prosperius continuare 
valent : et presertim tanto pocius quanto hujuscemodi studiorum ^ fama, 
fulgore vere doctrine talis mediacione subsidii continuato, et tandem in 
quarumlibet scienciarum ac facultatum plenam crescente ubertatem, 
merito apud universos supereminenter crebrescens, suorum et relevan- 
cium gloriosum et splendidum ubilibet reddit nomen. Modo namque — 
ut relatu egregii ac honorabilis doctoris circumspectique viri, magistri 

^ stttdeortim MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



95 



Gilbert! Kymer, vestra contemplacione in nostrum denuo prefecti 
Cancellarium, necnon magistri W. Kilnewelmersch, vestri capellani, 
nuperrime unanimiter exultando recepimus — vestra dominacioquandam 
exhibicionem perpetuam pro doctoribus et magistris regentibus, ad or- 
dinariam nedum^ arcium liberalium et philosophiarum, itaque^ quarum- 
libet aliarum facultatum in nostra Universitate continuandam lecturam, 
Deo propicio et annuente, liberaliter providere graciose intendit et 
proponit ; ut plereque sciencie satis nobiles diutino ^ sopore, sen verius 
nexibus mortis oppresse, ad vitam, vestra benefica manu de sepulchre 
ignorancie expergefacte, gloriosissime resuscitentur. Unde vestram 
inclitissimam suppliciter deprecando quesumus serenitatem, quatenus 
vestram toti ecclesie Catholice et nobis tam honorabilem et tam profec- 
] ticiam intencionem celerem deducere dignemini in effectum : internius, 
I princeps preexcellentissime, advertentes, quod tam meritorii operis 
1 magnifica execucione, quam ardentissime spei affeccione flammea 
j prestolamur, vestra largiflua munificencia nostra Universitas locu- 
, pletata, ad vestri nominis perpetuam magnificenciam eterneque glorie 
\ premium, in diviciis scienciarum procul dubio ad apicem crescit 
desideratissime perfeccionis. In quibus vobis, quoad utrumque homi- 
nem, continue feliciter prosperatis, vestram prepotentissimam inclitu- 
i dinem tam in via quam patria jugiter abundare optamus munimine 
Christi Jesu. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, penultimo 
1 die mensis Junii. Vestre illu'strissime serenitatis humillimi oratores 
I Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium in eadem. 

73- 

To the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. 

Master Christopher Knotty s has totd us of your goodness to him ; and 
■ we are thajiti/ut I)oth for that and atso for your favour to us shown by 
your promotion of graduates. 

Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, domino Willelmo, Dei gracia 1433. 
' Conventriensi et Lichfeldensi episcopo. 

Reverencias omnimodas, et, pro impensis constudencium vinee 
beneficiis, eterne beatitudinis recompensam possidere finaliter cum 
beatis. Quia ex relacione venerabilis confratris nostri Cristopbcri 
Knollys, arcium magistri et in theologia baccalarii, nuper accepimus 
, quanta vestre paternalis benevolencie beneficia graciosa eidem con- 
lulistis; nec cessat indies paterna vestra gracia, eciam non pulsata, 
' scptein ? ^ aiquc ? ^ (liuieno MS. 



96 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

j 

sacras vestras manus [ad] ^ nostre matris filios promovendos extendere 

graduates; hec igitur vivaci contemplantes memoria, ad interniores j 

nostri^ cordis reddendas graciarum acciones, quas valemus, merito i 

excitamur; dignum namque resensentes philosophico ex dicto illud j 

tocius ad integritatem pertinere quod sue parti impenditur ad pro- •, 

fectum. Preterea nostra non desistit fiducia, quam penes vestram ii 

Fol. 29 a. habemus paternitatem graciosam, eundem confratrem nostrum, lauda- -'j 

bilibus moribus meritis et scienciis omniumque virtutum splendoribus \ 
ac fragrancia redimitum, manibus vestre incepte caritatis graciosis 

commendare ; supplicantes devote quatinus, quod ex vestre caritatis < 

ardore eidem impensum cognoscimus, nostris intervenientibus precibus, , 

ad continuacionem felicem in posterum senciamus. Paternitatem fj| 

vestram Jesus Christus conservet in humanis, et in terra vivencium vos i 

ascribat collegio pontificum supernorum. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre ' 

congregacionis domo, quinto die mensis Augusti. Vestre paternitatis 1 

devoti oratores Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque una- ^ 

nimis magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem. ] 



74. ] 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. 

We knoiv that you distribute justice equally to all, and are sure of i 

your filial love for the University, your mother and ours. To you we t 

feel no shame in exposing our calamities. At this critical time, when i 
this our mother is, so to speak, in labour, bringing forth the fruits of 
learning, she is threatened by unnatural sons with loss of her vital 
privileges. 

Suprascripcio Littere, | 

1433- Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei | 

gracia Batoniensi et Wellensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario, suo domino j 

singularissimo. ( 

Humillime recommendacionis obsequium omnimodis cum reverenciis ' 

pariter et honore. Etsi singulis juris beneficia petentibus sub favore 1 

vestre paternitatis libera pietas scaturiat distribuitque manu larga ; per- j 

maxime tamen pias ipsius matris preces lacrimosis evisceratas cum 1 
suspiriis, de cujus lactante ubere absque defectu vestra florigera scien- 

ciarum maturitas traxit ortum, exaudire^ solet ab antique, prout : 

ordinati amoris normula decrevit perenniter. O pie pater, pastor j, 

vigilans circa gregem, zelator cleri, regni consultor ac tribunali judex ;* 

^ ad omitted MS. ^ nostre ib. ^ exaudiri ib. 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



97 



in majori, ad vestre exaudicionis oraculum Universitas mater nostra, 
tamquam ad firmiorem ipsius columnam ejusque precipuum solamen, 
in adversis, ululantem erigit vultum, non dedignando genuflectorias 
precum effundere instancias, nec sua inaudita damnosaque opprobria 
fateri veretur; sed velut inverecunda, multiplicem verecundiam, per 
ingratos, licet non iniquos, utinam equos, filios sibi nuperrime initam 
pariterque prosecutam, audet proclamare voce alta. Nam ipsa, morum 
et scienciarum fecunditate gravida, timet cum timore, ne a suis emulis 
rierinisque filiis molestetur in partu; ac pavescens ululat, cum videt 
.1 suis se libertalibus denudari pristinis. Igitur ad tarn sinceri patris 
^ Kivorem consueteque ^ proteccionis refugium festinat in presenti, per 
discretes providosque viros magistros W. Dowson, nostre Universitatis 
procuratorem, et Robertum Bewley, arcium magi strum ; vestram pater- 
• nalem informando clemenciam de et super omnibus et singulis actis 
vel ^ factis, propter que reverendissime paternitati vestre predicti ma- 
I gistri delegantur in oratores ; votis cum internis supplicando, quatenus 
, prefatos oratores clemencius exaudire ^, ac in dicendis ceterisque pro- 
! ponendis fidem in mente vestre paternitatis dignemini stabilire ; cujus 
■ inclitissimam pastoralemque paternitatem in prosperis augmentet Deus 
. unus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre cojigregacionis donio, mensis Ociobris 
die secundo. 

hifra-scripcio litiere. 
Devotissima vestra oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

To the Pope. Fol. 29 b. 

In behalf of Thomas Rodehourne, begging that his election to the 
Bishoprick of S. David: s may be confirmed. He has filled the highest 
offices in the University and the royal palace ; he is chosen alike by 

; king^ nobles and commons, is of irreproachable life, and of profound 
harning, and will, we caniiot doubt, faithfully feed the flock committed to 

' his charge. 

' Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino. Domino Eugenio, divina 1433. 
providencia sacrosancte ac universalis ecclesie summo pontifici. 

Devotissima ante pedes terrarum oscula humillime recommenda- 
cionis votis cum omnimodis. Beatissime pater, militantis ecclesie 
diadema, firmissima fidei petra, sceptrum spei Christiane celicaque 
. potestas, vestre sanctitatis preterrenda clemencia benignitasque magni- 
' fica, a supplicatoriis precum votis per fidem * oblatis domesticus ^ nulla- 

' consticti MS. ^ ve ib. ^ exaudiri ib. * fidci ib. ' domestiiUvi ? 

H 



98 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



tenus rctardat auditum, dum ad sacrosancte ecclesie honorem fidelium- 
quc salutcm sua pertractant negocia, immo pocius, tanquam materna 
pietas claustrata in visceribus, ipsorum preces resalutare solet cum i 
effectu ; hinc est quod tarn sanctissimi ^ patris obedientissima proles i 
Universitas studii Oxoniensis, mater tamen nostra, omnimode eru- « 
bescens vecordie audacem erigit^ animum, genuflexas ministrando n 
supplicaciones ^ pro incorporatissimo filio suo confratreque nostro i) 
Thoma Rodebourne, in longevis virtutum diebus probatissime stabi- 
litum, scienciarum liberalium sacreque theologie irradiante fulgore; 
quern quondam concors Universitatis prelibate caterva, suis interne . 
contemplatis meritis, in ipsius studii regimen ejusque Cancellarium ii 
tanquam solidiorem vocavit in agendis, quem et illustrissimi regis i 
nostri vivax consilium humanis in regendis* providum, lucidiorem i 
velut lucernam in regio palacio ordinavit, ut ipsius lux conversacione * 
ac vita juvenescens aliorum luceat ad exemplar; et quem jam his i 
novissimis in diebus ac ad Dei laudem, tuitorium Petri navicule > 
solamen ^, monstruosorum morum extirpacionem ac fidei augmentum, . 
ut speramus, devota famosaque ecclesia Menevensis, Spiritu Sancto .; 
duce vie ^, Canonice elegit in pastorem ; quem ad cathedram exaltari i 
pastoralem metuendissimi domini regis nostri quam felix regalia , 
procerum ac tocius populi inviscerata affectat adopcio. Quis pater ; 
pius tam circumspecti filii denegaret honorem, quis pastor benevolus ' 
subditi tam providi retraheret mercedem, quis dispensator fidelis servi \ 
tam diligentis rejiceret famulatum ? Numquid circumspectum Sale- ' 
monem paterna pietas, cum sceptro honoravit regali ; numquid legem ; 
per Mosaicam, ubi ministrorum ecclesie militantis fructus figuratur . 
mercedis, tribus preaccepta Levitica ; numquid et ipse Pharao dili- » 
genciam Joseph in famulatu adoptavit regni ad salutem ? O pie | 
pater, porta salutis, mundi vita, sidus aureum cunctis ilfustrans j 
Christicolis, lex regnorumque regimen, presulum gemma ac celigenis ^ f 
compar, per humillimas precum instancias mediis cum commenda- , 
toriis, prout caritativum veritatis vinculum nos coarctat, sanctissime \ 
vestre dirigimus habundanciusque effundimus paternitati ; quatinus 
tam felicem viatorem, in vinea Domini custodem pervigilem, vita 
immaculata, moribus virtuosis, conversacioneque modesta pubescentem | 
senili sub mensura, sua in eleccione suscipere commendatum, et con- \ 
firmare ac admittere apostolica dignetur celsitudo ; inopinatam tenentes * 
credenciam, quod dictus vir egregius, quia in agro dominico, diebus \ 
juvenescens ab antiquis, scienciarum quesivit margaritas, ac sancte i 
conversacionis oleum interioris sui hominis aptavit lampade, si ad \ 

^ sanctissime MS. ^ erregit ib. ^ supplicationis ib. ^ regendisque ib. 
'"^ solamen repeated in MS. ^ via ib. ' mettiendissimc ib. ^ ciliginis ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



99 



quietum . . } giegis laborem ejusque servile regimen vocatus fuerit 
vel ^ admissus, velut pastor mansuetus Mosaica sequens vestigia, sic 
pane vite apostoliceque doctrine populum saturabit esurientem, ac 
aqua sapientis potabit exempli, ut tandem gregem sibi commissum, 
ad viatice ecclesie honorem triumphantisque augmentum, velut alter 
Josue, ad promissionis terram deducet celestem. Ad cujus terre 
fertile gaudium, post hujus vite terminum vestre paternitatis subli- 
mitatem dirigat Dei verbum. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 
\ dorno, ierciodecimo Octohris. Humillima vestre sanctitatis Universitas 
I studii Oxoniensis, Cancellarius cetusque unanimis magistrorum regen- 
j cium in eadem. 

j Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Longe. Fol. 30 a. 

I LiTTERA testimonialis sub communi forma erat sigillata pro magistro 1433. 
; Thoma Longe. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis do?7io, mensis 
: Octohris die vicesimo quarto anno Domini millesimo quadringeniesimo 
j iricesimo iercio. 

76. 

To the Pope. 

Praying that the election of Thomas Bourchier to the Bishoprick of 
Worcester may be confirmed. He is both by character and attainments 
most fitted for the office ; and distinguished by royal descent, a qualifi- 
cation acknowledged by Moses in the appointment of the seventy. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Eugenio, divina 1433- 
providencia Sacrosancte Romane ac universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

Sanctissime pater, fidelissima servitutis obsequia ad apostolice gracie 
sacra vestigia, officiaque uniformis obediencie et recommendacionis 
humillime, ac sue Solaris gratifice splendoris radium graciosum pre- 
stanti in apice honestatis stelle clemencius impertiri. Quoniam in 
splendifero militantis ecclesie firmamento vestre sanctitatis inex- 
haustam plenitudinem, velut tocius mundi solem omnium graciarum 
radiis radiantem, sumrna in apostolice sanctitatis arce supernis per- 
petuo titulis inthronizat sol immensi luminis Jesus Christus, ut 
permicantes sui liberalissimi luminis radios Stella firmissimis fidci 
matutinis, specialiter regii sanguinis claritate fulgentibus, movum 
nobilium et scienciarum splendore illustratis, eximie ex sue munifuc 

^ An abortive word here, MS. ^ vc ib. ^ sue gratifice ib. This letter 
is written in a good clerkly hand, and as usual, when that is the case in this 
collection, is more confused. 

H 2 



I 

lOO EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

\\ 

celsitudinis luciflua largitate et velit et valeat graciose respergere ; ac , 
quos amplioribus virtutum luminibus et meritis preconceperit relucere, ' 
hos spiritualium beneficiorum insigniis dignetur gratanter aspicere \ 
et graciosius premiare. Quapropter, vestre in apostolice sanctitatis f 
gracia tarn immensa indubiam spem ponentes, ejusdem sanctitatis 
filium predevotum, magistrum Thomam Bourgcheour, regalis san- - 
guinis serenitate insignitum, quern magistralis honor in artibus illustre i 
Universitatis sidus preclarissimum precipue sublimavit, et quern sacra s| 
facultas theologica gratissimum preelegit in alumpnum, eo internius il 
et affectuosius vestre graciosissime celsitudini commendare curavimus, li 
quo ipsum morum illustrium et meritorum insignium celeberrima 11 
gravitate prepollentem, tanquam predicande presentis vite speculum j| 
et lucernam, ecclesie forte robur, prerutilans cleri jubar, in spiritua- J 
lium et temporalium regimine gemino circumspectum, providissimum j| 
virum et maturum preagnovimus clara luce : firmissime tenentes u 
ecclesie statum sub regii^ sanguinis illustrissima columpna semper j| 
prosperius et felicius roborari. Ad pedum igitur beatorum sacratissima fl 
prostrati vestigia, humillimo spiritu unanimiter supplicamus, quatenus M 
quem tocius regni procerum optumatum et communitatis votiva 1 
desideria digne preofferunt erigendum, meritorum suorum intuitu, et \ 
vestre sanctitatis humillime ancille nostre Universitatis supplici inter- 
ventu, et precipue regalis sanguinis clarissimi generis contemplacione, i 
— exemplo Moisi, qui illustris sanguinis minime obliviscens majores natu I 
preferendo voluit revereri, cum dicit ' congregate ad me omnes majores ^ 
natu per trihus vestras, atque dociores,' — dignetur paternis affectibus i 
confovere, et in Wigorniensis ecclesie pastorem sublimare apostolice i 
gracie dignissima plenitudo : quam ad sue universalis ecclesie tran- ■ 
quillum regimen et munimen conservare dignetur, Qui vos,. caput il 
orbis constituit et dominum providencia sua sancta. Scripium Oxonie 
in nostre congregacionis domo, secundo die Decembris. Humillima vestre ' 
sanctitatis ancilla Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master Theobald Dages. 

1433. LiTTERA testimonialis sub communi forma erat sigillata pro Theo- i 
baldo Dages. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis \ 
Decembris die septimo, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tri- 
cesimo tercio, eciam testimoniales de gradu et regencia consueta. \ 

Fol. 30 b. Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Loughburgh. 

LiTTERA testimonialis sub forma communi cum ista clausula addita, 

' regie MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



lOI 



scilicet, qui in ultimo anno preterito per cujuslibet termini majorem 
partem^ prout statuta dicte Universitatis requirunt, inter nos sacre theo- 
logie studia exercuit, Sec, fuit sigillata pro magistro Thoma Lough- 
burgh, arcium magistro, sub dato scihcet mensis Decembris die 
vicesimo primo anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo 
tercio, &c. 

Acquittance of Agnes Bokbynder, widow. 

NovERiXT universi per presentes, nos, GilbertumKymer, Cancellarium 1433 
Universitads Oxoniensis, Wiilelmum Dousyn et Rogerum Bulkeley, 
procuratores ejusdem, totumque cetura magistrorum in eadem remi- 
sisse, relaxasse, et omnino, pro nobis et dicta Universitate et succes- 
soribus nostris, in perpetuum quietum clamasse Agneti Bokbynder, 
vidue — nuper uxori Waheri Bokbynder, quondam stacionarii predicte 
Universitatis — omnimodas acciones reales et personales, querelas, 
sectas et demanda, cujuscunque fuerint nature, ab origine mundi 
usque in diem confeccionis presencium: In cujus rei testimonium 
presentibus sigillum nostrum commune apposuimus. Datum Oxonie 
in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo octavo die Januarii anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo tercio, et anno regni regis Henrici 
sex ti post cofiquestum duodecimo. 

Acquittances of Eynsliam and Oseney Abbeys. 

LiTTERA acquietancie pro pensione annua octo et sexaginta soH- 1433 
dorum de Abbate de Eynsham, pro collecta magistrorum regencium. 
Datum undeci?no die Februarii aiino regni regis Hejirici scxti duo- 
decimo. 

Alia littera acquietancie pro annua pensione sex et viginti solidorum 
octo denariorum de Abbate de Oseneya, pro collecta magistrorum 
regencium. Datum undecimo die Februarii anno regni regis Henrici 
sexti duodecimo. 

ir- 

To the Pope. 

A second letter in behalf of Thomas Bourchier, to the same effect as 
the former. Importunity i?i his behalf excused by the wamples of the 
Canaanitish woman and the blind man. 

San'CTissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro, Domino Eugenio, 1433 
divina providencia sacrosancte Romane ac universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

* This epistle is crossed out in the MS., as is also that next following. 



102 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Sanctissime pater, subditissima famulatus obsequia cum devotissimis 
terre osculis ante pedes. Quia ab apostolice plenitudinis excelso 
throno, velut a fecundissimo fonte, in membrorum' rivulos et com- 
pagines mistici corporis Jesu Christi omnem regni celestis potenciam 
firmissima fide agnovimus ^ derivari ; membra ^ presertim capiti vicin- 
iora, que multiformioris gracie et virtutis capitalisque influencie magis 
redduntur capacia, ad sublimiorem prestancioremque vite decorem 
plenius promovendo assolet influere capitis plenitudo. Quocirca in 
precelsa sanctitate vestra ad plenum confidentes, beatitudinis vestre 
devotum filium, sciencia maturum, discrecione providum omniumque 
virtutum redimitum splendoribus, magistrum Thomam Bourgcbier, 
filie vestre nostre Universitatis Oxoniensis Cancellarium, in spiritua- 
libus et temporalibus notorie circumspectum — quem vicini regii 
sanguinis regalisque prosapie illustrissima sublimitas conserenat, et 
quem nuper in Wygorniensis ecclesie antistitem Sancti Spiritus in- 
stinctus purissimus canonice sublimandum assumpsit — apostolice 
celsitudini in dicta ecclesia graciosius confirmandum sinceris com- 
mendantes affectibus flexis genibus unanimiter supplicamus; sicut 
nuperrime in aliis nostris humillimis litteris eidem vestre beatitudini 
destinatis supplicamus viscerose; quatinus dictum magistrum Thomam 
— quem tocius regni Anglie procerum, optimatum, et communitatis 
Fol. 31a. votiva desideria digne proclamant erigendum — meritorum suorum 
intuitu, regalisque prosapie clarissimi generis contemplacione, instar 
Moysi majores natu preferendo, paternis dignetur confovere affectibus, 
et in dicte Wygorniensis ecclesie pastorem sublimare gracie apostolice 
plenitudo [devotissima Et si sepius iterata rogamina improbitate 
pulsancium sint molesta, tamen fervencius in rogando persistitur ut 
demum graciosius rogans propositum consequatur. Obtinuit siquidem 
salutem filie clamor improbus Chananee, et visum recepit magis ac 
magis damans cecus Domino transiunte. Nos igitur sanctitatis vestre 
fervidissimi zelatores eo securius preces precibus superaddimus pro 
dicto nostro Cancellario, quo specialius de apostolice sanctitatis gracia 
ad cleros spe inconcussa duximus confidendum. Sanctitatem vestram 
prosperari faciat in tranquilla dierum plenitudine, cujus vicem geritis, 
ipse Deus. Datum Oxonie in nostre co7igregacionis domo, mensi's Mail 
die undecimo. Humillima apostolice sanctitatis ancilla Universitas 
studii Oxoniensis. 

^ menbroftim MS. ^ agnovovimus ib. ^ menhra ib. * Added in 

margin, but by a contemporary hand. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



78. 

To the Pope— pro Magistro T. C. 

The widespread fame of your virtues emboldens us io comme7id to your 
holiness Master Thomas Chaee, many years our Chancellor, and Chan- 
cellor of Ireland ; and recently chosen to he bishop of Meath. We beg 
that, weighing his great jnerits and our prayer in his behalf you will 
confirm the appointment. 

Pro Magistro T C. 
Sanctissime pater, humillima consuete recommendacionis obse- i433- 
quiosa libamina cum devotissimis terre osculis ante pedes. Sacer et 
insignis militantis ecclesie principatus, quern, ut presit orbi, Pontifex 
ille eternus instituit — qui ' seinel iji sancta proprium introiit per san- 
giiinem', nuptam sibi ecclesiam constituens in alto, ut in omiiis honoris 
excellencia cum plenitudine potestatis universas orbis transcenderet 
dignitates — sui luminis splendoribus illustravit, cum sanctitatem vestram 
summa thronizabat in apostolorum sede, ut cedrina vestra sub celsi- 
mdine humiles ramunculi firmissime efficiantur ecclesie columpne, 
filii patres providi, et subjecti pastores gregis Christi. Concors igitur 
omnium virtutum concio et amplissima sanctitatis insignia, que de 
vestra sanctitate precelsain humanam prodeunt noticiam, mira nostram 
mentem suavitate reficiunt, et ad eandem humilius devociusque sup- 
plicandam allectiva sua dulcedine nos inducunt, pro honorabili viro 
et patre egregio magistro T. Chace, sacre theologie professore — et 
sua ob famosissima merita circumspecteque mentis industriam nostre 
Universitatis, vestre humiliime filie, annos per plurimos Cancellario 
sepius electo ; et jam per aliquot annos illustrissimi domini nostri regis 
terre sue Hibernie Cancellario, exigentibus semper suis laudabilibus 
meritis in agendis — quatenus eundem, denuo jam ad Midensis ecclesie 
in Hibernia pastorale regimen nominatum, cujus virtutum fontana 
lux in occiduis scintillantis fame splendoribus in regno prerutilat 
universo, commendatum suscipere et [confirmare] ^ dignetur vestra 
apostolica celsitudo : tenentes istum magne probitatis et sciencie 
virum, in regendis ecclesie rebus notorie idoncum, aurigam currus 
Israel et humilem Bethsaide piscatorem ; quem Ille novit erigi dignum 
^ qui corda scrutatur et renes' quem eciam tocius regni procerum, 
optimatum, et communitatis votiva proclamant desideria digne eri- 
gendum dicte ecclesie in pastorem, et nostra eciam vota paternali 
vestre clemencie ipsum offerunt commendandum internius ; ut has 
nostras instancias et preces humillimas sibi cum effeclu senciat pro- 

^ coiifinnarc added in the mar£;in, but by a conlcniporary hand, MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



fuisse. Sanctitatem vestram ad Iranquillum militantis ecclesie regimen 
prosperari facial in humanis, cujus vicem geritis, Dei Filius gloriosus. 
Scripium Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Junii die 
septimo decimo. 



To the Duke of Bedford. 

Master Thomas Chace has been nominated to be bishop of Meath. 
We ask your intercession for him, with the Pope, the King, and others 
who have influence, that his appointment may be confirmed. Princes do 
honour to their high lineage by procuring good pastors for the church. 

1433- Serenissimo principi Johanni, duci Bedfordie regentique regni 
Francie, domino nostro specialissimo et graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, precellentissime vestre dominacioni recom- 
mendacionis humillime oblacione premissa, et ut nomen et potenciam 
in eternum paveant inimici. Christianissimi principis devocio tunc 
laudabiliter honorat sue serenitatis prosapiam, cum militantis ecclesie 
locis in supremis congruos et ydoneos faciat eligi pastores, qui sciant 
velint et valeant utilitatibus ecclesie inservire ; speculatorem namque 
domus Israel vigiles decet oculos circumferre, vigilias noctis incumbit 
agere supra gregem, ne populus Dei, scilicet oves paschue Ejus, 
quibus cura defuerit, luporum, quod absit, morsibus exponantur. Ad 
ecclesiam igitur Midensem in Hibernia, sue viduitatis incommoda 
deplorantem, honorabilem virum magistrum Thomam Chace,. illus- 
Fol. 31b. trissimi domini nostri regis terre sue Hibernie Cancellarium, et nuper 
plures per annos nostrum in Oxonia providissimum Cancellarium, 
ac nuper ad ecclesiam Midensem nominatum in pastorem, potentibus 
vestre serenitatis manibus promovendum humillime commendamus; 
supplicantes prostrato spiritu quatenus mediis et Htteris vestris graciosis 
penes dominos Papam, regem et proceres, quorum interest in hac 
parte discernere, ipsum erigi in dicte ecclesie pastorem dignetur vestra 
serenitas graciosa : per quod indubie rem Deo et sue ecclesie ac- 
ceptam, nobis et universo populo gratissimam Vestra poterit magni- 
ficencia operari, ad metuendissimi domini nostri regis robur honorificum, 
et felicem regnorum requiem. Vestram dominacionem prosperari 
faciat splendor et vigor omnis milicie solus Deus. Scriptum Oxofiie 
in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis fmiii die septimo decimo. Vestre 
dominacionis perpetui oratores Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis 
ceLusque unanimis magislrorum regencium in eadem. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



80. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

To be the means of defending the faith, banishing heresy and promoting 
wise and good men to places of dignity ??iaties the name of princes glorious; 
we therefore humbly pray that you will use your interest with the Pope, 
the King, and otJiers, in behalf of Master Thomas Chace. Your goodness 
to us in the past gives us cofifidefice that you will assist us now. 

Serexissimo principi duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, magno 1433. 
camerario Anglie, domino nostro specialissimo et graciosissimo pro- 
tectori. 

Serenissime princeps, tante celsitudini. devocionis et servicii premissis 
humillimis desideriis pro maximis constudencium vinee beneficiis im- 
pensis, cum Christi gloriosis in futuro militibus triumphalis glorie 
laurea coronari. De innata ingenuaque proceritate procedit, ut, sicut 
de Domino accepta devocio fervescit in subditis, sic apud dominum 
suis de servitoribus vivens semper memoria perennatur; et nullum 
opus, ut tenemus, principis nomen diucius facit vigilare in laudem, 
quam illud opus quo prudentes circumspectique viri majores eriguntur 
ad dignitates, fides pululat, heresis exulat, vineaque doctrine fructificat 
in ecclesia Dei sancta. Igitur' dominacioni vestre devota effundimus 

' precum libamina, unanimiter supplicantes prostrato spiritu pro humil- 

■ limo vestro ser\itore et capellano, magistro T. Chace, nuper nobis 
honorando patre, quatenus ipsum, sicut alias vestra decrevit serenitas, 

• ad ecclesiam Midensem in Hibernia promovere mediis et vestris litteris 
graciosis dignemini penes dominum Papami, regem et proceres, quorum 

. interest in hac parte. Speramus enim quod non de facili labitur 
fundamentum in solido fixum, nec negocium levibus poterit obviancium- 
casibus occumbere, quod tanti principis serenitatis magnifica decrevit 
dextera sustinere. Nos insuper, per assidua et amplissima a domina- 

. clone vestra percepta beneficia sincero favore ad nostram Universi- 
tatem vos affici censentes, attamen eo securius preces precibus super- 
addimus, quo de solita dominacione vestra, in omnibus honores nostros 

J et commoda concernentibus, indubitata duximus fiducia confidendum ; 
sicut et, ad complendum totis viribus que precipiend;.. duxeritis, in 
nobis non deerit debita promptitudo. Dominacionem vestram in eterna 
prosperari faciat memoria, ecclesie ad fulcimentum, cleri subsidium et 

. tocius regni gaudium ineffabile, Trinitas increata. Scriptum Oxonie 
in nostre congregacionis domo, moisis fmiii die scptimo decimo. 
Vestre dominacionis perpetui oratores Canceilarius Universilalis 
Oxoniensis ceLusque unanimis magistrorum rcgcncium in cadcm. 



io6 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

8i. \ 

To the Duke of Bedford. 

Learning is the noblest of noble things, it is at once the glory and \ 
defence of kings, the source and strength of good government ; it com- ■ 
poses strife, efzcourages justice and renders subjects obedient but \ 
poverty is its stepmother, we trust therefore that you will carry out 
your design of founding lectures in the seven liberal arts and three 
philosophies, and we send our Chancellor who will explain to you how 
great is the poverty of our masters lecturing here. ' 

1433- Serenissimo principi Johanni, duci Bedfordie regentique regni 
Francie, domino nostro et graciosissimo protectori. \ 
Serenissime princeps, quem collaudancium preconio oratorum Uni- j 
versitatis nostre cetus glorificat unanimis, pro zelo fidei [et] ^ cleri, | 
donum glorie consequi cum beatis. Glorioso principi cedit ad gloriam, I 
efficiturque in dominantis obsequium fide et dileccione devocior plebs ^ 'j 
subje^ta, si sub ipsius tempoiibus sciencia velut lux merediana in ' 
medio firmamenti prefulgeat in clero. Sciencia enim, virtus virens j 
assidue, regum decor et regnorum tutela, ex cujus thalamo policia v 
progreditur regnorum, regum firmantur edicta, bellorum discrimina 
compescuntur, justicia prodit pacifica^, plebs ^ plaudit subjecta, no- 1 
bilium extat nobilis principissa. Quod advertens vestra serenitas, . 
dum ad septem arcium liberalium triumque philosophiarum in nostra . 
Fol. 32 a. Universitate continuandam lecturam, quandam perpetuam exhibicio- 
nem providere intendebat et proposuit graciose. Unde vestram in- j 
clitissimam efflagitamus serenitatem, quatinus inchoatam lecturam per | 
vos inventam et erectam, toti ecclesie catholice et universo orbi honora- 1 
bilem, expulsa studiorum noverca egestate, in manibus prevalentissime 
vestre potencie manutenere dignemini, ad Dei gloriam vestri nominis 
perpetuam magnificenciam eternaleque vobis meritum sine fine : con- 
siderantes graciose, quod non procedet de posse tam pauperculorum 
magistrorum tam arduum et honorificum opus continuare absque ^ 
suiiiciente sustentacione studentibus requisita. Et quia sub compendio' 
litterali singula claudere non valemus, hoc intentum nostrum negociumf 
concernencia egregio viro, domino nostro Cancellario, commisimus: 
serenitati vestre declaranda ; cui aures favoris et credencie benigniter 
adhibere dignetur vestra illustrissima celsitudo : quam optate sub pacis 
nodo regna dirigere, que vestri principatus subduntur regimini, annuat 
orbis Conditor ineffabilis^ Princeps pacis. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre \ 

^ et omitted in MS. ^ pies ib. ^ proacifica ib. * laudcm erased ib. 

^ inaffabilis ib. 



i 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



107 



congfi'giicionis domo, octavo vicesimo die Jtinii. Vestre dominacionis 
perpetui oratores, doctores et magistri regentes Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

82. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

What aim can he more nohle than the advancement of learning, which 
raises man above the beasts and lifts him up towards a higher life ? 
It was a divine inspiration that suggested the foundation of lectures, a?id 
we hope the intentio7i will be fully carried out. Let not poverty , that 
cursed stepmother of learning, disappoint us of our hopes. 

Serenissimo principi, duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, magno 1433. 
camerario Anglie, domino nostro et graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, milicie jubar, justicie splendor et sane fidei 

; tutissime defensator, vestre metuendissime celsitudini quicquid recom- 

i mendacione humilius aut devocius in humanis. Quis-^ hie in via devo- 
ciori, quesumus, valebit incorporari proposito, vel sanccioris^ sibi voti in- 
viscerari^ operibus, quam nutrire sciencias, que erectum hominem supra 
bestias terre feliciter provehunt usque celum. O precelsa vestra serenitas, 
0 celica inspiracio, cujus septem liberaliura arcium triumque philo- 
sophiarum ope, cura, et studio inventa lectura fuerat et erecta; cui 

'nescimus voces erumpere graciarum nee digne laudis excogitare 
tiibuta, apud cujus celsitudinem providissimam fidei ortodoxe et cleri 
virentis fulciminis inoccidua memoria perennatur ! Sed dum his ex- 
hilaremur iniciis, et nostrum quilibet intentissimo animo, in attenua- 
cione spirituum et lugubracione noccium continuatis laboribus, studiis 
se exponat, circumveniri timemus, ne execranda studii noverca pau- 
pertas lamentabiliter surripiat ad occasum quod vestra serenitas selitus ^ 
inspirata, non solum nobis viventibus verum eciam universe Christianis- 

; simo erexit in titulum gloriosum. Nam necessario arbor arescit que 
radicis non sentit fomentum. Qua de re vestre magnificencie memores 
promissi in hac parte, quod nostrum cetum spei firme magnis profudit 

{ gaudiis, serenitati vestre inclitissime supplicamus humilius et cordialius 
quo valemus, quatinus in fertili campo scienciarum predictarum, sub 

I cedrina vestra celsitudine, teneri studiorum ramunculi crescant, 
frondeant et floreant, flores fructibus secuturis ; ut dominacioni 
vestre honor pululet eximius, et ex honore fama ad Dei laudem 
oriatur altiloqua sine fine. Et egregio viro domino nostro Cancellario 

I nostram insufiicienciam et penuriam in hac parte veslrc inclitissime 

I 

^ Qu'uV. sandioris viic sibi vo/i, viic erased MS. cdriic laudis 

operibus, dcrnc laudis erased MS. ' i. e. ccliius. 



io8 E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. ^ 

doniinacioni proposituro, nostiamm ^ humillimarum precum instanciis, 
credencie aures dignemini efficaciter inclinare : Cui post tropheum 
hujus transiture milicie coronam ineffabilis glorie summus ipse Deus 
tribuat in supernis. Sci'iptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 
vicesuno octavo die Junii, Vestre dominacionis perpetui oratores, doc- ' 
tores et magistri regentes Universitatis Oxoniensis. ij 

83. 

Fol. 33 b. To the Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

We shall never forget you in our prayers. Grateful for your past \ 

good offices we venture further to implore your assistance^ and especially , 

in defending a statute we have recently made, in accordance with our < 

privileges, for the better preservation of peace in the town. Let not the I 

malice and cunning of the townsmen ruin us altogether. i 

1434/ Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei ■ 
gracia Wellensi et Bathoniensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario, et in \ 
omni singularissimo protectori. \ 
Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, quem in nostrarum \ 
oracionum archivis viscerose reponimus et habemus, dies deducere : 
leticie cum prosperitatis augmento in omnium Salvatore. Preteri- J 
torum memoria et presencium evidencia, que benevola de paternitatis | 
vestre gracia prodierunt in lucem, ad matris nostre Universitatis com- ; 
modum et honorem, ad reddenda cumulata graciarum tributa nos ! 
provocant et impellunt. Assurgimus igitur unanimiter ad omnimodas 
quas valemus graciarum acciones dominacioni vestre humillime offer- ' 
endas : nec desistimus, ex fiducia quam penes dominacionem vestram 
gerimus, nostre matris [negocia amplius commendare ; et precipue in 
defendendo statutum virtute nostrorum privilegiorum nuper pro bono 
pacis in villa] ^ Oxonie, ut credimus, pocius celitus quam humanitus 
editum ; ex quo fructus graciae et studii nobis plus solito emanavit. 
Ejusdem dominacionis vestre continuacionem graciosam nobis omnino 
necessarian! humiliter obsecramus ; corde et animo Deum collaudantes, 
qui tale nobis inexpugnabile providit brachium contra nocivos turbines 
emulorum. Ad has'^ tamen eidem paternitati vestre graciosissime iteratas 
nostras adicimus preces, ne villanorum dicte ville Oxonie maliciosis | 
excogitatis insidiis succumbamus, aut desideratissime pacis nostre [ 
Universitatis dissoluta membra dispergantur *in capite omnium platea- \ 
rum ' ; si namque pax inter nos arrideat, et nostrum studium fertilius f 

f 

^ vestranim MS. ^ The words inclosed in brackets are added in the margin, [ 
but by the same hand, ib. ^ Ad hits ib. | 

I 
I 

I 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



efflorebit. Paternitatem vestram nostris precarissimam oracionibus 
dirigat in prosperis vere pacis Auctor, qui ut pacem suis fidelibus 
emeret, sanguinem suum fudit. Scriptum Oxonie ociodecimo die 
Januarii. Vestre paternitatis oratrix humillima Universitas studii 
Oxoniensis. 

84. 

To the Bishop of Winchester. 

The statute, which we made in the interests of peace both of townsmen 
and scholars^ for a time met with no opposition ; but now a veritable 
deluge threatens to sweep it away. We implore your help to defend it. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1434. 
gracia Anglie Cardinali, episcopo Wyntoniensi et nostro singularis- 
simo protectori. 

Reverendissime pater, quern ob admirandam discrecionis et sapiencie 
plenitudinem universa orbis climata reverentur, obsequiosa nostre re- 
' commendacionis libamina tam precelso patri debita cum honore. 
Speramus indubie firmissimeque confidimus quod consiliis justorum 
assistens Dominus, et vota nostra aspirando preveniens, ipsa adjuvando 
prosequi dignabitur, si effusa desuper gracia tam nobilem patrem 
inspiraverit affectibus, ad subveniendum nobis variis persequencium 
molestiis aggravatis. Cum alma mater nostra Universitas Oxoniensis 
privilegiorum et libertatum variis ^ cartis multipharie instaurata stabili- 
taque sistat — pro quibus eadem Universitas pro metuendissimo domino 
nostro rege suisque progenitoribus ac vestris devota Altissimo oracio- 
num suffragia tenetur effundere indefesse — ex quarum cartarum tenore 
legalis eidem ministratur Universitati facultas, pro bono pacis et ad 
quietem studencium et aliorum omnium dictam villam inhabitancium, 
statuta condere et ordinaciones promulgare ; nuper igitur, ex unanimi - 
assensu et consensu nostram Universitatem integrancium, quoddam 
edidimus statutum laudabile et maxime necessarium ad studencium 
quietem et ceterorum predictam villam inhabitancium, ut indies ex- 
perimur, contra pacis violatores, comprehensis in eodem ' sub penis ' 
virtute nostrorum privilegiorum ' exequendis' quod a tempore edicionis 
ejusdem continue, sine r'eclamacione scolarium sive villanorum extitit 
executum ; ob quod in dicta villa major tranquillitas habebatur : sed 
jam contra illud sanum statutum virlute dictorum nostrorum privi- 
legiorum taliter editum, adversancium villanorum diluvium intumescit. 
Igitur piissime paternitati vestre cum prostrato spiritu humillime sup- 
plicamus, quatinus nobis compassivis visceribus succurrentes dictum 

* variis repealed MS. 



no 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nosli um statiitum dignemini defendere graciose : ex quo nos fructus 
gracie quoad Deum, pacis pulchritudinem quoad mundum confidimus 
Fol. 33 a. habituros. Et ad eandem vestram graciosissimam paternitatem in 
hunc effectum benignius inclinandum, nobilem virum magistrum 
Thomam Bourgchier, nostra Universitatis providum Cancellarium, 
dirigimus; cui ex parte nostra in hiis que premissa concernunt, 
graciosas audienciae aures dignemini inclinare. Ad felix ecclesie et 
sui cleri presidium, disertissimam vestram paternitatem longeve dirigat 
in prosperis dextra Salvatoris. Scripium Oxonie in nostre congrega- 
cionis domo, undevicesimo die Januarii. Vestre reverendissime paterni- 
tatis oratrix humillima Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

85. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

A similar letter to the preceding ' mutatis mutandis^ and on the same 
subject, 

1434. Serenissimo principi, Domino Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, comiti 
Pembrochie, et magno camerario Anglie, et nostro graciosissimo 
protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, quern specialiter inter alios mundi principes 
revereri tenemur, nostra obsequiosa servicia, oracionum suffragia et 
quicquid devocius hauriri valeat de latere Redemptoris. Memorabilia 
vestre dominacionis beneficia graciosissimaque vestre serenitatis mu- 
nera, quibus vestra magnificencia humilem vestram oratricem Universi- 
tatem Oxoniensem sublimavit, nos audaces efficiunt eandem serenitatem 
in nostris necessitatibus maximis exorare. Cum alma mater nostra, 
^r., usque ibi~^ ' intumescit . . Igitur prepotenti dominacioni vestre 
cum prostrato spiritu, ^t., usque ihi ' inclinare.' Serenitati vestre felix 
arrideat fortuna, et successus non desinat prosperos continue parturire. 
Scriptum Oxonie, ut supra. Serenitatis vestre oratrix humillima Uni- 
versitas studii Oxoniensis. 

86. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. 

Confident in your benevolence towards your mother the University, we 
€0?nmejtd to your favour the bearer hereof a famous scholar, Master 
John Kyng, whose trumpet tones are never hoarse or weary preaching to 
the people the way to heaven. 

* See preceding epistle. 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



Ill 



Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei i434' 
jgracia Wellensi et Bathoniensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario, domino 
Inostro graciosissimo et singularissimo protectori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, ad quem solum habemus 
refugium in nostris necessitudinibus et negociis, vestre matris consuete 
commendacionis cordiale tributum, cum omni reverencia et honore 
debitis tanto patri; paterne benevolencie gracia, quam pro nostris 
indigenciis semper vigilem repperimus, pro recompensa meriti Altis- 
simo commendata. Nec desistimus ex fiducia nostras humillimas 
jpreces eidem paternitati vestre presentare pro carissimo confratre 
jnostro, magistro Johanne Kyng presencium latere, arcium magistro et 
|in sacra theologia famoso scolare; qui viam que ducit ad patriam 
amplificans ad populum, velud sonora fructifere predicacionis tuba, in 
ostendendo plebi sua scelera non raucescit; quatenus ipsum habere 
dignemini commendatum, graciosam audienciam dicendis ab eodem 
prebentes, sibique existere dignemini graciosus dominus, contempla- 
^ cione predicte Universitatis nostre sue matris pro filio tam digno 
deprecantis, ut has nostras et sue matris preces sibi senciat profuisse. 
|Et reverendissimam paternitatem vestram perpetue nostre memorie 
commendatam solus Deus conservet in prosperis, ad vestrorum hu- 
milium solamina oratorum. Scriphim Oxonie in nostre congrcgacionis 
domo, mensis Fchrtiarii die nono. Vestre paternitatis humillima oratrix 
. Universitas studii generalis Oxoniensis. 



87. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. Fol. 33 b. 

As the mother of Zehedee s children interceded for them, so does the . 
University intercede for her son Master f. Kytig the bearer hereof 
a famous scholar and indefatigable preacher. We pray you to hear 
his cause with the favour its merits deserve. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro, Domino Henrico, 1434. 
Dei gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apo- 
, stolice sedis legato. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, ex cujus radiis graciosis 
Universitas mater nostra illustratur continue, omnimode devocionis 
tributum cum obediencia debita et honore.- Magnificis bencficiis 
tanti patris vinee constudencium impensis pro recompensa condigna 
Allissimo commendatis, exemplo matris filiorum Zebcdei cadem mater 
nostra Universitas sc exponit pro filio suo, confratre nostro carissimo, 



112 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. \\ 

magistro Johanne Kyng, latere presencium, arcium magistro et in I 
sacra theologia scolare famoso ; qui viam que ducit ad patriam am- \ 
plificans ad populum, velut sonora fructifere predicacionis tuba, in 
ostendendo plebi sua scelera non raucescit ; humiliori devocione qua | 
valeat supplicando, quatinus sinceris matris precibus pro tarn digno jf 
filio deprecantis vestre paternitatis aures inclinare dignemini, ipsum 
commendatum una cum ab eo dicendis, que veritatem, justiciam et 
equitatem concernunt, acceptantes, taliter ut sue matris preces sibi ' 
senciat profuisse. Et reverendissimam vestram paternitatem, nostris !■ 
devocionibus merito precarissimam, in felici prosperitatis augmento 
conservet et protegat infinita felicitate plenus ad vota filialia solus • 
Deus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo mensis Feb- • 
ruarii die nono. Vestre paternitatis humillima oratrix Universitas ■ 
studii generalis Oxoniensis. 

88. ! 

To the Lord Walter Hungerford. [ 

To the same effect as the preceding letter, and in the same terms i 
^mutatis mutandis! i 

1434' NoBiLi et prepotenti Baroni, domino Waltero Hungerford. 

Nobilis et egregie domine, nostrarum commendacionum primicias 
reverencialesque devociones tanto domino debitas cum honore. Domi- , 
nacionis vestre laudabilis fama lacius circumfusa, de benevolencia . 
quam erga virtuosos cleros ostenditis, nos fiducialius animat nostras 
preces devotas eidem dominacioni vestre ofFerre pro carissimo' con- j 
fratre nostro magistro Johanne Kyng, latore presencium, arcium \ 
magistro, &fc., usque ibi ' ab eo dicendis commendatum,' ut in potencia j 
vestra Veritas exultans vivat et falsitas corruat in plateis, graciosusque | 
dominus sibi existere dignemini, contemplacione nostre Universitatis 
sue matris pro tam digno filio deprecantis, ut has nostras preces sibi 
senciat profuisse. Et vestram eminenciam militarem, ad ecclesie 
robur et gloriam sui nominis, conservet in prosperis Deus, in cujus 
manu sunt hominum corda et potestates. Scriptum Oxonie mensis 1 
Fehruarii die nono. Dominacionis vestre devota oratrix Universitas 
studii generalis Oxoniensis. 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



89. 

Testimonial letter for Mr. John Kyng. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1434. 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
jmagistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in amplexibus Salvatoris. 
tTociens altissime veritatis conspectui credimus offerre libamen, 
nuociens virtutibus precellenti et sciencia perhibemus testimonium 
digne laudis. Hinc nos, super laudabili vita et honeste conver- 
feacionis fragrancia carissimi confratris nostri, magistri Johannis Kyng, 
^rcium magistri et in sacra theologia scolaris, nostreque Universitatis 
providi procuratoris, qui disertissime suum occupabat ofificium ; omnes 
[juorum interest cerciorare volentes, ut tenemur, ne tarn rutila fax 
ampadis sub taciturnitatis modio occultetur ; has nostras pei* litteras 
ittestamur, quod de predicti confratris nostri laudabilibus merids et 
studiis tanta precessit experiencia, unde odorifera sui nominis fama, 
ijuam aput nos in honoris apicem pretulerunt eximie accionis pre- 
tonia, latere non valuit ; sed eminentem super columnam erigi digna 
ceteris se prebuit studentibus vitale imitacionis exemplum, et fructifere 
Dredicacionis omni populo lucem magnam; taliter^ nostram Uni- 
;ersitatem sua decorans presencia, omnique morum gravitate pre- 
ulgens matura, amorem omnium immaculati nominis titulo vendicavit. 
Quem igitur vestris venerabilibus reverenciis commendamus, intimius 
iupplicantes quatinus eidem vos favorabiles et benignos, contem- 
placione nostre Universitatis et suorum meritorum intuitu, ubilibet 
|)stendatis. In cujus rei testimonium eidem magistro Johanni super 
ttatu suo laudabili, ut omnibus plenius innotescat, has nostras litteras 
jestimoniales nostre Universitatis communi sigillo fecimus consignari. 
Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Februarii die 
lono, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo quarto. 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. Fol. 34 a. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Thomam Bourgchier, Cancel- 1434- 
arium alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, Michaelem Tregurry et Ricardum 
Fenand, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse, et die confec- 
;ionis presencium habuisse, de Abbate et conventu de Oseneye juxta 
Dxoniam, viginti sexsolidoset octo denarios sterlingorum, nomine cujus- 
1am pensionis annue nobis et dicte Universitati, pro anno regno regis 
ienrici sexti decimo tercio ultimo preterito, debite ab eisdem: De 
juibus viginti sex solidis et octo denariis dictum Abbatem et conventum 



^ per nostram MS. 
I 



114 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



acquietamus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Daium Oxonie in domo 
congregacionis dicte Universitatis septimo decimo die Marcii, anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti tercio decimo. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 
1434. NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Thomam Burgchier, Cancel- 
larium alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, Michaelem Tregurry et Ricar- 
dum Tenand, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, recepisse, et die 
confeccionis presencium habuisse, de Abbate et conventu de Eynsham 
in comitatu Oxoniensi, sexaginta octo solidos sterlingorum, nomine 
cujusdam pensionis annue, nobis et dicte Universitati, pro anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti decimo tercio ultimo preterito, debite ab eisdem : 
De quibus sexaginta octo solidis dictum Abbatem et conventum 
acquietamus per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum com- 
mune dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie 
in domo congregacionis dicte Universitatis septimo decimo die Marcii, 
anno regni regis Henrici sexti tercio decimo. 

90. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

May you he rewarded with eternal glory for your zeal in the cause of 
the faith, of the church, and of us your clerks. Future generations will 
keep in everlasting memory your magnificent gifts of books and money, 
and your gracious defence of our privileges. It is your wisdom that 
has revived learning, and we will devote ourselves to study with redoubled 
energy and confidence. 

1435- Serenissimo principi Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembro- 
chie, magno camerario Anglie, domino nostro magnifico et graciosis- 
simo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, quem universalis vestre Universitatis cetus 
glorificat preconio pro zelo fidei, ecclesie, et sui cleri, cum beatis 
donis glorie finaliter premiari : Nobis non solum viventibus in eterna 
memoria sed et posteris recolenda vestre ^ serenitatis beneficia, in mag- 
nificis donis librorum et auri nostre impensis constudencium vinee ; in ; 
magna quoque nostrorum privilegiorum tuicione semper graciosa nostri i 
studii quietem concernencium, vivaci mentis registro contemplantes, j 
nequimus voces graciarum erumpere, nec digne laudis recompensiva * 
excogitare tributa. Ex cujus providissima celsitudine, liberalibus 
scienciis evocatis ad lucem, nostri studii lux virentis fulciminis splendet : 

^ nostre MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 115 

indeficiens, ciijusque indies^ illustramur radiis. Unanimiter suppli- 
camus intimius ut a Domino sit in celis dominacioni vestre illus- 
trissime digna merces ; et jam his novis exhillerati dominacionis 
vestre muneribus maximis, adoratricis vestre perpetue Universitatis 
nostre in ^ proficuum et decorem, gemine induimus alas confidencie, 
et intentissimo animo in attenuacione spirituum, cumulatis laboribus, 
studiis nos exponimus et tenemus; sperantes indubie quod nostre 
vinee^ teneri ramunculi, serenitatis vestre* precelsa sub proteccione con- 
tinuata, crescent, frondebunt et fiorebunt secuturis flores fructibus, ad 
Dei precipue gloriam : magnumque vestrum nomen divine ascribent 
■ memorie pariter et humane, in vestre dominacionis meritum coeter- 
inum. Quam ad regni defensionem clerique subsidium longevet Deus 
in prosperis; et post hujus vie miliciam faciat in supernis in gloria 
triumphare. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis domo, undevicesimo die 
Maii. Vestre serenitatis perpetua oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

91. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. Fol. 34 b. 

To you we always have recourse in our troubles. Discord, the step- 
\mother of learning and virtue, hinders the advance promoted by your 
\ glorious gifts, for bachelors now claim to be called by the title of master ; 
which neither statute nor custom have hitherto allowed, so that the 
authority of the Chancellor is brought into contempt, and the peace of the 
University disturbed. 

Serenissimo principi Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, i435- 
magno camerario Anglie, domino nostro magnifico et graciosissimo 
protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, quociens necessitatibus vel incommodis ali- 
quibus pregravamur precelsam ad vestram serenitatem, ut ad inflexi- 
bilem justicie columpnam recurrimus^; quem inter varios rerum 
eventus casusque fortuitos nostrum semper invenimus graciosissimum 
protectorem; cujus recolenda opera velut inoccidua lux meridiana, 
cujusque radiis illustramur, continue Minerve nos promovet ad secreta 

, ei virtutum omnium incrementa. Sed in hac studiorum via quedam 
discordia, scienciarum et virtutum noverca, in Universitate matre nostra 
Ruper est orta, an debeant bacallarii, primum facultatis gradum 

I obtinentes, in publicis proclamacionibus scolasticis appellari magistri ; 

jquod nec statuta neque dicte Universitatis nostre consuctudines fieri 

* indees corrected MS. ^ in omitted ib. ^ vine ib. ^ nostre ib. 

rectirriiiius omitted ib. 

I 2 



ii6 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



decreverant ab antique. Unde eadem nostra Universitas, scrutatis 
antiquis suis consuetudinibus, decrevit quod in posterum, in talibus 
scolasticis proclamacionibus in dicta Universitate nostra a suis servi- 
toribus magistri non debeant appellari ; cum tales cum citacionibus 
et mandate regio, a seculis inaudito, dictam nostram matrem vexant, 
inquietant et perturbant, privilegia consuetudinesque ejusdem teme- 
rarie violant, Cancellario et ejus commissario obedire contemnunt, 
in nostri studii discrimina inaudita. Hinc vestre dominacionis poten- 
tissime humillima oratrix mater nostra, vestre serenitatis brachio 
actenus suffulta, supplicat humiliter et devote quatenus dignetur 
vestra serenitas, in cujus capite se locavit magne sapiencie sedes, suis 
pro statutist laudabilibusque consuetudinibus inexpugnabilem se 
ponere murum contra perturbantes matris nostre quietem, congrua 
pacis remedia providendo. Et presencium latoribus in dicendis fidem, 
quesumus, adhibere credulam dignemini cum favore. Et Deus, qui in 
tempore exaudit accepto, precelsam dominacionem vestram felicitet in 
hac vita, et in futuro cum superis faciat in gloria triumphare. Scrip- 
turn Oxonie in nostre congregacionis doino, nono die Angus ti. Vestre 
serenitatis perpetua oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 



92. 

To Master Gilbert Kymer. 

We beg thai you will use your influence with the Duke of Gloucester 
to obtain his assistance in restoring peace at Oxford. 

1435. Egregio doctori, magistro Gilberto Kymare, decano de Wynbury^ 
et thesaurario ecclesie Sarum : 

Honoratissime magister et sensate prudencie domine, quem alterum 
Joseph credimus in curia principis ; nostre matris honores et negocia 
piis desideriis amplexari. Cum in materia execrabilis ac intollera- 
bilis perturbacionis pacis nostre Universitatis noviter exorta, vobis, ut 
credimus, satis nota, oratores nostros in presenti potentissimo prin- 
cipi, domino nostro duci, delegavimus, pro congruis in hac parte j 
remediis obtinendis ; firmissime sperantes quod, in mediacionibus vestris \ 
providissimis penes prefatum dominum nostrum serenissimum et » 
graciosissimum protectorem, optatum habebimus pacis talentum, ( 
absque cujus excelso brachio non est nobis in studio spes aliqua j 
in futuro; ideo reverenciam vestram nobis fieri unanimiter que- \ 
sumus exorabilem in hac causa: et venerabilem personam vestram j 

* el laudabilibtisque MS. ^ A mistake for Wynbuni. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



117 



de bono in melius prosperari faciat ad prelacie culmina ipse Deus. 
Scripium Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo nono die Angus ti. 
Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

93- 

To the Abbot of Glastonbury. Fol. 35 a. 

Commending Master John Spekynton, and desiring his promotion. 

Reverendo patri Nicholao, Abbati monasterii Glastonburiensis. 1435. 
^ Reverende in Christo pater et domine, reverencias tanto patri 
debitas cum honore. Cum virtutum karismata, que vasis in honorem 
factis Spiritus infudit Altissimi, nequaquam debeant occultari sub 
modio, sed, ut populo luceant, in publicam venire noticiam, ad Dei 
gloriam et honorem ; ea propter paternitati vestre, quam sincera 
dileccione prosequimur, carissimum confratrem nostrum, magistrum 
' Johannem Spekynton, arcium magistrum, et nostre Universitatis pro- 
ividum procuratorem, virum utique laudabilibus vite et scienciarum 
meritis, conversacionis fragrancia aliisque virtutibus multipharie in- 
signitum ; cujus periciam et discrecionem per operis exercicium indies 
experimur, specialius quo valemus commendantes, vos attente depre- 
camur, quatenus ad eundem nostrum confratrem vester inflammetur 
affectus, favoris vestri et benevolencie radios ad sue exaltacionis 
comodum convertentes ; ut vobis eo plenius ad graciarum teneamur 
;acciones quo ipsum sincerius de vestri pectoris armario noverimus 
i sic suffultum ; ex dicto recensentes ^ philosophico illud pertinere ad 
tocius integritatem quod uni sue parti impenditur ad profectum. 
I Paternitatem vestram inter suos sanctos infinita felicitate plenus 
! collocari tribuat ipse Deus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis . 
do?no, penultimo die Angus ti. Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

94. 

j To the Abbot and Chapter of Glastonbury. 

To the sa?7ie effect as the preceding letter. 

Venerabilibus viiis, Abbati et conventui monasterii Glastonbu- 1435. 
: riensis. 

• Venerabiles domini, reverencias tam venerabili cetui cum honorc. 
I Quoniam Deo acceptabile credimus et racioni suavem odorcm vene- 

* decetanics MS. 



ii8 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



rabilium personarum nostre Universitatis benevolis omnibus ^ quorum 
interest obnixius commendare ; exemplo igitur matris filiorum 
Zebedei exponit se Universitas mater nostra pro digno suo filio, 
magistro Johanne Spekyngton, arcium magistro, et ejusdem nostre Uni- 
versitatis procuratore provido, scienciarum et rerum experiencia nobi- 
liter experto : pie supplicans ^ et devote quatinus sinceris matris 
precibus, suo pro filio deprecantis, vestris cum benevolenciis ' 
dignemini suscipere commendatum, ut et sue matris preces sibi cum 
effectu profuisse senciat, et fidelis filii industria congruis honoribus 
premietur. Vestrum venerabilem conventum semper prosperari faciat 
Qui illius felicissimus * est aspectus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre con- 
gregacionis domo penultimo die Augusti, Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

95- 

To the King. 

The University owes its renown to the protection of your predecessors ; 
and we are thankful that you tread in their steps ; and we trust that^ in 
pursuance of the same wise policy^ you will, by the exercise of your royal 
prerogative of dispensing justice, put an end to the disturbances which 
now threaten to subvert our privileges. 

1435- Serenissimo principi, Domino Henrico, Dei gracia regi Anglie et 
Francie, domino nostro metuendissimo. 

Serenissime princeps, rex in eternum vive ! sancte matris ecclesie 
et tocius reipublice defensator semper invicte ! Et nomen et poten- 
ciam semper paveant inimici. Graciosissimorum principum progeni- 
torum vestrorum (qui nostro supplici interventu celesti perfruantur beati- 
tudine !) strenuissimos et memorabiles actus recolentes — sub quorum 
magnificis et eterna memoria dignis proteccionibus a primevo vestra 
Universitas semper et inconcusse hactenus communita in famosa laudis 
precellencia floruit et honore — precipue in hoc Altissimum collaudamus, 
quod talem regno providerat successorem, in quo paterne probitatis 
insignia et suorum progenitorum inclitudo serenissima plenissime con- 
quiescunt. Et quia adfluens regia celsitudo immense laudis preconiis 
attollitur, cum ex ipsa ad singulos justicie et rectitudinis plenitudo diri- 
vetur, et neminem relinquat expertem sue gracie regalie : hinc vestra 
Universitas mater nostra coram precelsa majestate regia suum exponit 
merorem presentibus interclusum. Quoniam igitur, nos informante 
scriptura, rex sedens in solio dissipat omne malum, supplicamus 
humiliter quo valemus quatenus vestra potentissima majestas caritatis 
dignetur intuitu hujusmodi abusionis malum, quod brigosa et proterva 
^ in omnibus MS. ^ supplicas ib. ^ benevolens ciis ib. * felecissimus ib. 



EFISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



119 



elacio quorumdam in dicte Universitatis vestre discriminosam perturba- 
cionem confovet, gracioso et regali remedio dissipare ; sic quod vestre 
Universitatis privilegia, statuta, et deliberaciones ad tranquillitatem 
studii illesa in suo robore permaneant et virtute ; violatoresque eorum 
ad regiam vestram presenciam sint venire coacti legaliter castigandi ; Fol. 35 b. 

I ut in eadem vestra Universitate fiat pax hominibus et Deo gloria in 
excelsis. Et metuendissima regia majestas in felicissimorum incre- 
mento successuum imperet, prosperetur et regnet, quesumus, in long- 
evum. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Octobris 

I die quinto. Vestre celsitudinis humillima oratrix Universitas studii 
Oxoniensis. 

96. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

You are our harbour of refuge in every trouble ; and for your 
j protection and magnificent gifts we are ever thankful, and daily remember 
you in our prayers. We herewith inclose a statement of the circu7nstances 
which at this present disturb our peace, and entreat you to check the pre- 
sumption of those who are the cause of them. 

Serenissimo principi, domino duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, 1435- 
magno camerario Anglie, suo graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, cui, tanquam humillima membra precipuo 
! capiti et protectori, offerimus omnis devocionis tributa, utinam vestre 
oratricis preces piis oculis ut solito contemplari. Quociens urgeat 
I necessitas aut deposcat utilitas, ut ad consuetum refugii portum, ad 
vestram dominacionem recurrimus^ pro succursu. O quantum tantille^ 
obligamur tanto principi, cujus vivens memoria cordibus nostris in- 
i figitur, cujus prosperitas inclitissima votis cotidianis Deo presentatur ! 
qui nos magnificis vallavit thesauris, ubi suorum donorum memoriale 
notabile lucet presentibus et futuris ; nostreque iminenti ruine manum 
semper supposuit protectricem, et in fervore sui spiritus minas hominum 
contempnens ab emulis nos defendit : que omnia, nostro supplici inter- 
I ventu, premiat cuncta Potens ! Sed jam iteratis vicibus vestre poten- 
tissime dominacioni vestra Universitas et oratrix fidelissima suam 
• exponit tribulacionem presentibus interclusam; supplicans spiritualiter 
\ et devote, quatinus vester potentissimus principatus intuitu dignetur 
i caritatis hujusmodi abusionis, perturbacionis, et temeritatis malum, quod 
' brigosa et cervicosa quorumdam presumpcio in dicte Universitatis 
I perturbacionem confovet, gracioso remedio dissipare ; ne perversorum 

! ^ resurt'iinus MS. ^ cancille or tantille MS. The word probably should lie 
I iantilli, which occurs irv a similar passiige in another epistle, ct. ep. J20. 



I20 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



tanla temeritas effrenis aditum pandat injuriis, et vestre oratricis 
studium destruat et evellat ; sed sue deliberaciones, statuta et privilegia 
illosa ad studii tranquillitatem sui roboris firmitatem habeant et virtutis, 
torumque violatores refrenentur et penis debitis infligantur, ad Dei 
honorem et vestre dominacioiiis illustrissime meritum sine fine. Et 
gloiiosus Deus, in cujus manu sunt vota principum, vestre serenitatis 
potenciam sic dirigat in terris ut inter potestates angelicas presidere 
finaliter mereatur. Scripium Oxonie, ut supra in proxima. Veslre 
serenitatis specialissima oratrix Universitas, &c. 



97- 

To the Archbishop of York. 

The fathers renown is spread abroad when he mercifully hears the 
prayers of his sons. Our mother the University therefore, proud of so 
distinguished a son, who does not turn a deaf ear to the prayer of the 
mother who suckled him, with confidence lays before you her present 
distress, begging that the guilty causes thereof may be sufficieritly 
punished. 

^435- Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, primati Anglic. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, Universitatis nostra 
honor et splendor, sub cujus proteccionis sensata prudencia nostra 
necessitudinis negocia piis favoribus amplexari ; paterni honoris 
gloria tunc dilatescit in orbe, et flos immarcidus sue fame dignissime 
laudis fragrancia redolescit in populo, cum humillium justo precamini * 
filiorum favorabilis sue exaudicionis januas benigne reserat clemens 
pater. Unde Universitas mater nostra sue vires induit confidencie, 
internius exultans de tante honoracionis filio, qui, cum materne depre- 
cacionis pulsetur instances, a sue gratuite recordacionis non abradet 
registro ubera nectarea que sugebat : sed materni honoris statum 
prosperum in sue innate gratitudinis statera ponderans, materne 
precis pro refugio supplicantis saciavit affectum in suis tribulacionibus, 
angustiis et pressuris. Quia igitur in Universitate nostra quedam 
brigosa contencio nuper incepit, (quin verius, quod dolenter referimus, 
cum scriptura nata est malicia, in diebus nostris,) cujus contencionis 
Fol. 36 a. compendii causa presentibus clauditur brevis tenor ; supplicamus 
unanimiter tam potenti patri, ut^ transgressores paveant, et quod 



^ precamine MS. Cf. ep. 104. 



^ queni ut MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



121 



tarn enormia delicta absque correspondente pena non transeant im- 
punita ; et taliter ut sub paterna proteccione graciosa, in cujus capite 
admirabilis regnat sapiencia, quam reverentur^ naciones varie, dicta 
mater nostra Universitas more solito virtuosis scienciis et fame sue 
preconiis virescere valeat : et clarissimis documentis, privilegiis suis, 
statutis, laudabilibus consuetudinibus et deliberacionibus, ad quietem 
studii, scienciarum honorem, et graduum distinccionem editis, in- 
violabiliter observatis, et ejus pacis perturbatores, exortatores seu 
eorum fautores penis debitis castigentur. Et paternitatem vestram 
reverendissimam, post hujus viatricis vie cursum, inter supremos 
aniistites^ collocet Jesus Christus. Scriptmn Oxonie, Sfc. Vestre 
paternitads reverendissime oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 




To the Bishop of Winchester. 

Your wisdom and virtues of world-wide fame comfort our hearts, and 
encourage us to lay before you our present difficulties^ and beg that 
a suitable remedy may be applied. We enclose a statement of the facts. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1435. 
gracia Anglie Cardinal], episcopo Wyntoniensi, domino nostro et 
graciosissimo protectori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine illustrissime, pro cujus 
i prosperitads felicitate votiva continuo nostrarum precum tributa 
humillima penes Deum. Concors virtutum preclaritas et admirabilis 
sapiencie insignia, que excelsa de dominacione vestra devulgantur in 
omnem terram, mentem oratricis vestre Universitatis matris nostre 
mira suavitate reficiunt, et ad eandem humiliter exorandam alte sue 
bonitatis allectivis radiis nos inducunt. Cum nuper quedam tediosa 
• discordia, corrumpens studiorum noverca, in vestra contigit Universi- 
jtate, cujus tenor brevitatis causa presentibus includitur; ad vestram 
iigitur dominacionem, in cujus capite stupenda posuit suam sapiencia 
1 sedem, confugimus, ipsi inheremus, ipsique preces effundimus humillimas 
et devotas, eoque securius preces precibus superaddimus, quo de solita 
dominacione vestra, in omnibus honores nostros et comoda concernen- 
tibus summa duximus fiducia confidendum ; quatenus, proviso super 
tantis excessibus oportuno remedio, dignetur tantus noster pater et 
dominus graciosissimus in finibus nostris ponere pacem, tantoque 
positam robore solidare, ne pusillum gregem predicte Universitatis 

^ reveruntur MS. ^ supprcinos ant i states ib. ^ contegit ib. * lon- 
cernentibus is added over the line, ib. 



122 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

specialcm veslre salutis memorem infestacio inimica tormentet; sed 
vest re graciose proteccionis respirans in gracia, suorum statutorum, 
delibcracionum, et laudabilium consuetudinum libertati pristine so 
gaudeat restitutum, et pacis ejusdem perturbatores juris remediis 
infligantur, ut in pace studeant et proficiant filii pacis interminis 
inflammati in laudibus tanti patris. Quern ad naviculae fidei munimen, 
honoris pulchritudinem, et ad Universitatis vestre, matris nosti;e con- 
tinuanda solacia prosperari faciat Deus pacis. Scriptum Oxonie, ^c. 
Vestre reverendissime paternitatis specialissima oratrix Universitas 
studii Oxoniensis. 

99- 

Fol. 36 b. To the Earl of Stafford. 

Justice is one of the most glorious attributes of rulers, and they an 1 
intrusted with the sword for its maintenance. As the lesser animals 
before the lion, so the turbulent people flee before the face of the sword, ! 
We pray that you will check the cause of our present troubles in its com- 
mencement, for a spark may soon become a conflagration, and the very \ 
pastimes of children indicate the tendency of national character. 

1435. Illustrissimo principi, domino nostro, comiti Staffordie. 

Illustrissime princeps, quern ob graciose dominacionis benevolenciam 
ad nostram Universitatem specialiter revereri tenemur, omnis devocionis 
nostre tributa humillima cum honore. Cum inter ceteras reipublice 
curas nullum opus nomen principis excellencius attollit preconiis, quam ^ 
quo pacis et justicie unitas observetur, et pacis inflatos eontemp- 
tores castigando humiliet potencia militaris, (ad hoc enim magnus con- 
silii Angelus terrigenis reddens pacem principibus commisit gladium,) 
quo, justo metu improbos terrente, innocentes subditos pax firmior 
tueretur; et sicut leonis vestigia pertimescunt animalia singula, sic 
inimica infestacio plebeica paveat potenciam principum, et a facie 
gladii fugiat ire sue ; et ^ quia brigosa contencio nuper commovit 
Universitatem nostram ex quorumdam elacionis fumo, ut patet infra i 
presentes compendii causa inclusum, igitur ad dominacionem vestram, 
ut ad potentissimum brachium et securam nostri naufragii tabulam, 
unanimiter recurrimus pro succursu et tuicione quietis nostri studii; 
supplicantes humiliter et devote quatinus subjiciantur colla super- 
borum, qui dicunt ^linguam nostram magnificabimus, quis noster dominus 
est?' ne scintilla volatilis maliciae exsurgat in incendium et guttula 
grandescat rapidum in torrentem. A pristinis enim patribus ut 



^ et omitted in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



123 



manuale spectaculum nostre Universitatis tranquillitas habebatur, quod 
processisse videtur ex illo Platonis dicto ^per jocos pueriles sciantur 
regni prosper a vel adversa! Intuitu igitur caritatis dignetur dominacio 
vestra potentissima ad hujusmodi enormium malomm enervacionem 
apponere remedium graciosum. Et eo confidencius illustrissime 
dominacioni vestre preces precibus multiplicamus, quo in illustrissimo 
sanguine vestro, domino nostro Cancellario, nostra Universitas hono- 
ratur; firmissime tenentes quod non potest maliciosis adversancium 
conatibus occumbere quod tanti principis potencia decrevit sustinere. 
Nostris privilegiis statutis et deliberationibus in potencia vestra con- 
servatis illesis, tarn proterva juvenum delicta, non minus in horta- 
tionibus^ seu fautoribus quam in transgressoribus, non transeant 
impunita: et Universitas mater nostra vestre dominacionis oratrix in 
pace lactet suos filios in virtutibus et scienciis, ad ecclesie et regni 
proficuum et honorem. Dominacionem vestram illustrissimam sic 
dirigat in terris Princeps pacis ut finaliter principare valeat in excelsis. 
' Scripium Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Octohris die, ^t, 
Vestre dominacionis oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

100. 

To the Earl of Warwick. Fol. 37 a. 

To the same effect as the preceding letter. 

Illustrissimo principi domino nostro, comiti Warwici. 1435. 
Illustrissime princeps, quern tam ob militarem ^ strenuitatem quam 
: ob admirabilis sapiencie ^ splendorem reverentur naciones varie, ad 
i regis, regni, et communitatis munimen et decorem continuo prosperari. 
Cum inter ceteras reipublice curas nullum opus magis facit nomen ' 
principis attolli preconiis, quam quo pacis et justicie unitas observatur, 
et inflates pacis contemptores castigando humiliat potencia militaris, — 
ad hoc enim magnus consilii Angelus terrigenis reddens pacem 
principibus commisit gladium, — quo, justo metu improbos terrente, 
innocentes subditos pax firmior tueretur, et sicut leonis vestigia 
pertimescunt animalia singula, sic inimica infestacio plebeica paveat 
potenciam principum et a facie * arcus fugiat ire sue ; ei quia brigosa 
dissensio nuper commovit nostram Universitatem ex quorundam 
elaciqnis fumo, ut patet infra presentes compendii causa inclusum, 
• unanimiter igitur recurrimus, pro succursu et tuicione quietis nostri 

* hortatoribus'i 2 MilitansW^. This woid nearly obliterated 

in MS., but probably sapiencie. ' facial MS. 



124 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



siudii, ad metuendissimum dominum nostrum regem, qui, ut caput 
nobile debilibus membris condescendens, graciosum se prebeat cla- 
moribus oppressorum, et ad sui consilii apicem, ut ad dominacionem 
vestram, supplicantes humiliter et devote quatenus subjiciantur colla 
superborum, qui dicunt ' linguam nostram magnificabimus, quis noster 
dominus est?' ne scintilla volatilis exurgat in incendium, et guttula 
grandescat rapidum in torrentem. A pristinis enim patribus ut 
manuale spectaculum nostre Universitatis tranquillitas habebatur, quod 
processisse credimus ex illo Platonis dicto, per jocos pueriles sciantur 
regni prosper a vel adversa! Igitur intuitu caritatis dignetur dominacio 
vestra ad hujusmodi malorum enervacionem apponere remedium 
graciosum, sic quod tam enormia delicta^ juvenum, non minus in 
hortatoribus seu^ fautoribus quam in transgressoribus, absque pena 
acida non transeant impunita; et Universitas mater nostra vestre 
dominacionis oratrix in pace lactet filios suos in virtutibus et scienciis, 
ad ecclesie et regni proficuum et decorem. Dominacionem vestram 
illustrissimam sic dirigat in terris Princeps pacis, ut finaliter principari 
valeat in excelsis. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 
mensis Octobris die, ^'c. Vestre dominacionis oratrix Universitas 
studii Oxoniensis. 

lOI. 

To the Archbishop of York. 

1435. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino. Domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia Eboracensi Archiepiscopo, Anglie primati, nostro domino 
specialissimo. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, Universitatis " nostra 
honor et splendor, sub cujus proteccionis sensata prudencia nostre 
necessitudinis negocia piis favoribus amplexari : paterni honoris 
gloria tunc dilatescit in orbe et flos immarcidus sue fame dignissime 
laudis fragrancia redolescit in populum . . . ^ 

Testimonial letter issued for Master Philipp Morres. 

1435. LiTTERA testimonialis magistri Philippi Morresch*, professoris^ in 
sacra theologia ; datum in nostra congregacionis domo^ undecimo die 
mensis Octobris anno Domini millesifno quadringentesimo tricesimo 
quinio, et est secundum antiquam formam. 

^ dekta MS. ^ se ib. ^ This fragment here ends, but it is verbatim the 
same as ep. 97. * Morresch corrected over the line to Morres MS. ^ Pro- 
fessori ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



To the Dean and Chapter of S. Patrick's, DubUn\ Fol. 37 b. 

Having heard of your favour shown to our brother Master PhiUpp 
Norrys, we heartily thatik you, for you have adiiiitted to your society 
a virtuous and learned man and an unwearied preacher. 

Venerabilibus viris, Decano et capitulo ecclesie cathedralis S. i435- 
Patricii Dublinie. 

Venerabiles domini, prospera successuum incrementa tam celebri 
cetui cum honore. Quia fidedigne relacionis fama nostras delegavit 
ad aures quanta gratuita et bene merita vestre dileccionis insignia 
icarissimo confratri nostro. magistro Philippo Norrys, sacre theologie 
egregio professori contulit liberalitas vestri cordis ; ac hec vivaci 
contemplantes memoria, ad reddendas graciarum acciones merito 
excitamur, quas unanimiter reddimus vestro cetui reverendo ; ex dicto 
recensentes philosophico hoc ad integritatem tocius pertinere quod 
sue parti impenditur ad profectuni. O quam felix vestra intencio, 
quando virum tam excellentis sciencie, conversacionis honeste et 
humilitatis speculum, sonoramque sancte predicacionis tubam, que non 
raucescit in ostendendo plebi sua scelera, vestro cetui sociastis ! pro 

iquo facto firmissime tenemus meritorie laudis ^ preconium apud Deum 
et homines meruisse ; nec desistimus de fiducia, quam penes vos jam 
recipimus, eundem nostrum confratrem vestre venerabiH cetui amplius 
jcommendare, ut quod gratuite dileccionis vinculo eidem recognovimus 
iinceptum, nostrarum precum interventu perseveranter proficere in 
Iposterum sensiamus. Et vestrum venerabilem cetum in prosperitate 
jvotiva preservare dignetur bonitas summi Dei. Scriptum Oxonie in 
\nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Octobris die undecimo. Universitas 
studii Oxoniensis. 

102. 

To the Bishop of S. David's. 

A similar letter to that addressed to the Archbishop of Fork ^ 

Reverexdissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Thome, Dei 1435. 
; gracia Menevensi episcopo, nostro domino speciali. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, sub vestre paterne 
proteccionis sensata prudencia nostre necesbitudinis negocia piis 
favoribus amplexari, ' Paterni honoris,' &c., ut supra^ in epistola 

* This letter is not numbered, and is in a peculiar, irregular hand, quite unlike 
that of any of the rear preceding or succeeding letters. Probably it has l>een 
inserted later on a folio left partially blank. ^ /audis MS. ' See ep. 97 supra. 



126 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICS E. 

missa Archiepiscopo Eboracefisi, usque ibi, ' brevis tenor.' Moveat vos 
igitur, unanimiter rogitamus, communis scienciarum utilitas, moveal 
vos earumdem jacture crudelitas, moveat vos pacifici studii instar aque 
immote limpiditas, et vos moveat quod Universitas mater nostra 
vestrum auxilium tanquam potentis patris manibus expansis implorat, ' 
quatinus sub vestre proteccionis abiete erectissima humiles sui ramun- 
Fol. 38 a. culi frondeant, floreant et fructiferant, nec procella in sui indicium " i 
aut exterminium debacando prevaleat: sed sine fluctuacione et a 
morsu fere pessime preservetur agnina simplicitas sue prolis, statuta, 
privilegia, deliberaciones et consuetudines, ad quietem studii et ad 
scienciarum honorem et^ graduum distinccionem suum robur oblineant 
et virtutem, per auxilium, favorem et prudenciam tanti patris. Quern 
prospere dirigat summi Patris sapiencia, ad nostra continuanda solacia i 
et ad ecclesie continuum fulcimentum. Scriptum, Sfc. Vestre paterni- ' 
tatis oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

i 

i 

103. : 

To the Bishop of Salisbury. \ 

As shipwrecked sailors io a ra/i, so we betake ourselves to you as our \ 
refuge. Suffer not, we entreat you, the ?nother that nursed you to be 
destroyed by the malice of her adversaries. 

1435. Reverendissimo in Christo patri, Domino Roberto, Dei gracia 
Sarum. episcopo, nostro domino specialissimo et conservatori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, utinam matris nostra - 
tristiciam in tanti patris providencia aboleri. ' Magnificat anima 
nostra Doniinum et exultavit' cum in tribulacione nostra de vestra , 
graciosa paternitate nobis ad memoriam occurrit; cujus nobilem 
juventutem Universitas mater nostra solidissime sue dulcedinis per 
ubera educavit ; et gemine confidencie alas induentes ad dominacionem 
vestram, tanquam naufragii tabulam, in nostre matris mesticia suppli- ■ 
cando fiducialiter convolamus ; quatinus in potente et graciosa domina- ■ 
clone vestra nostre matris honor in suis privilegiis, statutis, et matura 
sua deliberacione nuper edita, conservetur illesus ; cujus dehberacionis, 
et ob eandem perturbacionis, tenor brevitatis causa infra presentes , 
clauditur; sperantes indubie in vestre paternitatis prudencia remedia 
congrua obtinere. Credimus etenim quod non potest maliciose 
adversancium conatibus honor maternus occumbere, quem scilicet . 

^ injuriajn or prejudicium ? et omitted in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



127 



tanti patris dextera decreverit sustinere. Intuitu igitur caritatis nos 
contra debacancium turbines pio dignemini consolari munimine, ne 
insolencia effrenis nimium invalescat ; sed hujusmodi rebellium proter- 
vitas et contumacia feriatur penis jurium, quos ad \-ivendi regulam 
lenitas non emollit ; ut oratrix vestra mater nostra in pace lactet suos 
filios, qui de tanti patris favoribus et remediis exultantibus animis 
Deum laudent. Et Deus, autor pacis et amator, felicitet dies vestros 
ad commissum vobis regimen pastorale. Scriptum. ^r. Vestre paterni- 
tatis oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

104. 

To the Bishop of London. 

Your incorporation is a source of exultation and confide7ice, and ive 
trust in your aid to repress the subversive efforts of those who vooiild 
destroy our privileges and confound the distinctions of degrees in the 
University. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino,. Domino Roberto, Dei 1435. 
gracia Londoniensi episcopo, nostre Universitatis conservatori speciali. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias 
'tante patemitati debitas cum honore. Paterni honoris gloria tunc 
\ dilatescit in orbe, et flos immarcidus sue fame dignissime laudis frag- 
j rancia redolescit in populo, dum justo precamini humilium filiorum 
■ favorabilis sue exaudicionis januas benigne reserat clemens pater. 
Unde Universitas mater nostra vires sue induit confidencie, internius 
exultans de tanto patre ex puris omnium votis duodecimo die instantis 
mensis sibi incorporato in sua solemni congregacione : et requiescit 
in jubilo sub potente brachio tanti sui conservatoris ab apostolica sede ' 
1 sibi deputato ; cui humiliter exponit sui meroris motiva in hac forma, — 
: Quia brigosa contencio nuper in eadem pullulabat, (sed verius, quod Fol. 38 b. 
! dolenter referrimus, nata est malicia in diebus nostris,) cujus dissen- 
\ cionis presentibus includitur brevis tenor, ad vestram igitur potentem 
paternitatem preces effundimus humillimas et devotas, quatinus digne- 
: mini, caritatis intuitu et vestre conservacionis officio, nos contra de- 
, bacancium turbines pio munimine consolari ; ne insokncia effrenis 
nimium invalescat, sed contumacia rebellium penis jurium infligatur, 
quos ad vivendi regulam lenitas non emollit : sic quod vestra oratrix 
I mater nostra sub potenti jam vestra conservacione more solito vir- 
; tutibus, scienciis, et fame sue preconiis virescere valeat, ct clarissimis 
documentis ad eccle?ie et regni proficuum ct honorem. suis privilegiis, 



128 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



statutis, consuetudinibus laudifluis et deliberacionibus, ad quietem 
studii, scienciarum honorem et graduum distinccionem editis, sicut ^ i 
actinus inconcusse fuerunt usque presens, inviolabiliter observatis. Et 
vestram paternitatem, ad conservacionis nostre felicis continuanda 
solacia, conservet in prosperis Dominus Jesus Christus. Scriptum 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 6fc. Vestre paternitatis oratrix 
humillima Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 



105. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Gascoigne. 

1435- LiTTERA testimonialis magistri Thome Gascoigne, sacre theologie 
doctoris, sub antiqua forma cum ista clausula speciali ; — ' formamque 
suam integram et regenciam in artibus et in sacra theologia in eadem 
Universitate exercuit laudabiliter et complevit.' Datum Oxonie in 
nostre congregacionis domo, uttimo die Octobris anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo sexto. 



■ - \ 

106. 

Fol. 39 a. To the Duke of Gloucester. 

The University once so prosperous is reduced to the greatest misery. 
So deadly is the wound from which she suffers^ by the insubordination 
and violence of the ill-disposed, that lectures have ceased and a complete 
ruin of education is imminent. History shows that where learning is 
encouraged the state prospers, and though these our troubles are but among 
the youth of this University, they are an index of national feeling. 

I435* Serenissimo principi domino, duci Glaucestrie ^, comiti Pembrochie, 
magno camerario Anglie, suo graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, exordium cogimur depromere lacrimosum et 
tristis narracionis seriem miscere amaritudinibus et lamentis; quia 
vestre serenitatis humillima oratrix Universitas Oxoniensis, nuper 
secunda filia Syon, que inter ceteras fidei filias preclaruit formosissima, 
nunc lugubris luget in montibus et in convallibus lacrimatur ; nequis- 
sime attracta ad contradiccionis aquas, ad serviendum in latere et luto 
et palea, insolita servitute, ubi quondam floruit ut regina; nam earn 
discoloravit nephanda malignorum oppressio, qui nostra statuta et j 
consuetudines necessarias ac laudabiles, ex papalibus privilegiis et 

^ sic MS. Glavcestrie ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



129 



a vestris progenitoribus, Anglie regibus \ in suis chartis et confirma- 
cionibus sibi concessa ad perpetuum studencium quietem, — ut inibi 
studentes continuata quiete in fortes ecclesie catholice columpnas, regis 
et regni, suis in dandis sanis consiliis, excrevisse poterint, — contem- 
nunt, rapiunt et dirimunt in eadem ; in domini nostri regis et summi 
pontificis contemptum, dicteque Universitatis dedecus^, opprobrium et 
exterminium ultimatum; in tantum quod dicta Universitas, a lectura 
compulsa desistere et ab omnibus actibus scolasticis et studiis, finem 
sibi proponens lugubrem ^ imponere, in ululantis confusionis vultu dies 
plangit et miserias " lamentatur. O quid facerent fluctuantes in pro- 
celloso pelago si navicula dissolvatur ? quomodo staret basilica corru- 
ente columpna ? quo pergentes in tenebris tenderent si lux extinguatur ? 

■ Nam, teste Deo, tanta iminet nostre matris livida et mortifera plaga, 
1 quod in presenti dissoluta et dispersa corruisset, si non in vestro 
' potentissimo brachio sue spei an coram affixisset : quare calamitosa 
! prostrata ad tante serenitatis pedes, ubi in adversis et suis miseriis 
i solebat habere refugium, clamitat pro defensionis succursu, et exclamat 
i ut audiatur ^ a superis et a vestre potencie auribus vox clamantis, ne 

succumbat misere presidiis orphanata. O utinam vestra dignetur 
serenitas reminisci, quod scienciarum studia ab inicio, in quavis regione 
, contingencia glorie ejusdem maximam excellenciam solebant presagire 
' futurum. Numquid Romana olim potestas, dum scienciarum studia in 

■ suo florebant senatu, totum orbem suo imperio victoriose tenebat sub- 
jectum ? Numquid et ilia Grecia, dum in ea philosophorum crevere 

■ studia, universe telluri omnique orbis climati spargendo sui cinguli ^ 
, militaris honorem, de suis hostibus continuum reportavit triumphum ? 

In quibus, dissolutis studiis, non modicus marcor floridi honoris et 
victorie protenus esse legitur consecutus. Ideo a priscis^ patribus 

■ tranquillitas nostre Universitatis Oxoniensis ut manuale spectaculum ^ 
i habebatur, secundum illam Platonis sentenciam, 'per joca sciuniur 
■puerilia regni prosper a et adversa' Igitur pro Deo exsurgere dignetur 

potencia tanti principis invincibilis, ad hujusmodi inauditorum malorum 
! enervacionem, sic quod inimica infestacio plebeica paveat potenciam 
j principis, sicut leonis vestigia pertimescunt animalia singula, et a facie 

Igladii fugiat ire sue ; taliterque compescantur iniqui, qui iniqua et 
execranda committere non verentur; ut vestre serenitatis oratrix sub 
proteccione vestra, sicut sub illustrissimorum principum vestrorum 
. progenitorum hactenus communita, in pace lactet filios suos in scienciis 
: et virtutibus, ad ecclesie, fidei et regni decorem, proficuum et honorem. 

I * vestrorum progenitorum Anglic regum MS. ^ dedicus ib, ligu- 

j brem ib. * miseries ib. ^ audeatur ib. ^ singiili ib. ' prisciis ib. 
" Perhaps one would expect speculum, but see epp. 99 and 100. 

K 



I30 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Et preseiicium laLori nostre Universitatis procuratori, aures gracie et 
graciose credencie, in dicenclis pro parte nostra, et in nostra lamcnla- 
bili ruina prebere dignetur vestra serenitas et potentissima celsiludo. 
Quam sic dirigat in terris Princeps pacis, ut finaliter principari valeat 
in excelsis. Scripium Oxcnie in nostre mestose congregacionis domo, 
septimo die Deceinhris. Vestre serenilatis specialissima oratrix Uni- 
versitas studii Oxoniensis. 

107. 

Fol. 39 b. To the King. 

Degrees are the reward of students ; and it is as necessary to preserve 
the distinctions between thefn as between the various ranks in human 
society. To call bachelors by the name of master is in fact absurd ; 
and, though we have permitted bachelors in Canon and Civil laws to he 
so styled by their servants and in their own houses^ they are not content, 
but by open violence a7id turbulent meetings^ and lastly by an appeal to the \ 
court of Arches bring the University into contempt, and stir up strife | 
between other faculties ; in maiiifest violation of our statutes which have f 
been guaranteed by your royal authority. If bachelors in Laws are to he . 
styled masters, they will not care to proceed to the superior degree, and 
every one will prefer that faculty in which success is so easy. 

1435- ^ Serenissime princeps ; rex in eternum vive ! Christianissimi prin- ; 
cipes gloriosissimique reges vestri progenitores nobilissimi, vias justicie 
et veritatis universas, polilice direccioni sue monarchie accomodas in 
Christo, doceri et cognosci ingenti animi fervore zelantes, ad singulare 
incrementum fidei orthodoxe, virtutum et scienciarum, almam Universi- [ 
tatem Oxoniensem super studium et gignasium quinque egregiarum } 
facultatum; legum, videlicet, decretorum, medicine, arcium et theologie, [ 
necnon unice liberalis sciencie — supple ^ grammatice — una et super \ 
graduaciones in eisdem pro earum auctenticacione fiendas, divina 
quadam inspiracione divinitus fundavere; quatinus inibi in iis studentes, 
secundum suas in eis professiones, bra viorum vice gradibus honoris, 
nominibusque ipsis correspondentibus, tandem solemniter decorarentur. 
In quarum grammatica, gradu, ex more vestre jam dicte Universitatis, 
sub unico existente, utpote magistratu ; et in singulis predictarum 
facultatum bifarius gradus, scilicet inferior, puta baculariatus, quasi 
semigradus, et superior, ut magistratus, in eadem Universitate con- ' 
sueverunt haberi; quorum utique superiore in quacunque facuUatej 

^ The MS. is quite clear throughout this curious letter, and the sense sufficiently ji 
plain ; but, as is usually the case in this collection, wherever the handwriting is 
more clerkly, the sentences are confused or imperfect. ^ suple MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



premissa quis redimitus, tanquam in eadem prestantissimus merito et 
efFectu magister existit a vestra prefata Universitate nominatus, insignia 
cum auctoritate sue magistrali preeminencie optinens ; appropriato ^ 
habitu, videlicet magistrali vestiri pellura, in eo uti ordinarie, pro forma 
posse legere et disputare, scolares habere, bacularios presentare et 
magistros creare, consiliis Universitatis pro suo veto emittendo inter- 
esse, necnon nonnullos actus baculario negates ex sui magistratus 
prerogativa celebres agere potest; ubi nullus nempe inferiore gradu, 
in quavis prenominatarum facultatum honoratus, occasione sui bacu- 
i lariatus magister existit, nec a vestra memorata Universitate magister, 
; sed bacularius et scolaris, quoquo modo nominabatur; veluti nulla pre- 
• recitatorum, magistris ^ alicujus antedicte facultatis pertinencium, habet 
j quomodolibet exercere. Ob quod ab Universitate vestra prefata, cujus 
mos antiquissimus est tantummodo illos, qui ibidem^ in grammatica 
! seu aliqua dictarum facultatum apicem attigerunt magistralem, nominari 
i magistros, propter repugnanciam veritati et racioni, nullus occasione 
i baculariatus, cujus pretextu revera nemo magistratu insignitur, poterit 
vere appellari magister — Bacularium, inquam, gracia sui gradus ap- 
pellari magistrum in sua sciencia — prestantissimum nomine sonante 
magistri — minus prestantem prestantissimum, principem comitem, 
: dominum armigerum, militem inferiorem superiorem, et parem im- 
" parem nuncupari existit : quod profecto, propter suam malam sequelam 
' m ordinem politic! regiminis subvertendo, contradiccionemque inclusam 
' nullus sapiencium admitteret. Unde vestra premissa Universitas bacu- 
; larium, in proclamacionibus publicis in scolis pro sua forma legenda 
] habitis, magistrum nequit approbare, nisi tale approbaret oppositum in 
i adjecto ; videlicet quod magister talis, qui non est magister, tale pro 
! sua forma leget volumen ut sit magister, quod nimirum propter suam 
ridiculosam impossibilitatem, Universitati cuique approbare foret ab- 
i surdissimum. Verumptamen vestra Universitas prefata bacularios in 
. decretis et jure civili, qui nullatenus sunt magistri, infra suum pre- 
: cinctum a personis singularibus, ut a suis servitoribus et aliis quibus- 
. libet volentibus, nominari magistros prout consueverunt, juxta vestri 
^ graciosi brevis nobis nuper missi directi preceptum, libentissime tolerat 
j et tolerabit. De quo, cum nonnulli bacularii in decretis et jure civili 
j vestre Universitatis prenominate, plus nomen honoris quam ejus 
, meritum amplectentes, minime contentantur nisi quatenus ultra hoc, 
tarn ab Universitate prefata quam in proclamacionibus in scolis pro 
magistratu optinendo publice factis, magistri amodo appellentur : 
occasione cujus metu et robore id extorquere satagentes, quod veri- 

^ appropriata MS. 2 ^fiagistri ib. ^ illos qui ibidem : these 

words repeated in tlie MS. 

K 2 



i 



132 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



tate suadenle ipsis racio ^ denegat, nedum vestre'^ Universitalis studium, 
vi armata liligiosis eoriim conventiculis discidiosisque insultibus inde- 
fesse modo enormi subvertunt. Itaque a^ decreto ejusdem Universi- 
talis, in negocio predicto mere temporali, secundum nostrorum jurium 
Fol. 40 a. exigenciam juste et rite lato, ad ofRcialem curie ' de arcubus ' appel- 
lantes, eandem vestram Universitatem, in non modicum prejudicium 
vestre corone, nostrorumque jurium a vestra regia celsitudine confirma- 
torum, illuc molestissime infestando in judicium traxerunt ; ubi, judice 
testibusque singulis in ipsa causa receptis, dicte Universitatis adversariis 
et partibus manifeste existentibus, videlicet decretistis civilistis, nullo 
juris ordine observato, omnique nobis denegato beneficio juris, in 
despectum vestre Universitatis predicte actenus inauditum, cum arro- 
gantissimo boatu infaustissime et iniquissime est processum. Adeo 
quod non solius prefate cause audicione illi contentati, quinimo dis- 
sensiones dissencionibus cumulando, causam preeminencie inter doc- 
tores medicine et juris civilis, (in preexcellentissimum arbitrium^ et 
laudum potentissimi principis et invictissimi domini recolendissime 
memorie regis Henrici quinti, vestri serenissimi progenitoris, ante- 
cessorumque suorum, per unanimem cetum magistrorum vestre Uni- 
versitatis prefate alias compromissam,) in vestre regalie contemptum, 
in eadem curia et admiranda inestimabili frontosa presumpcione de- 
cidere usurparunt; jura nostra, vestra incircumscripta auctoritate robo- 
rata, ibidem ad eorum placitum interpretando, contra vestre dicte 
Universitatis libertates, cui soli, ex vestrorum progenitorum graciosa 
concessione, propria jura ab ipsa edicta vel prescripta declarare et 
mutare incumbit. Unde ad tantum et tam graviter intus et exterius, 
ut prefertur, vestra prescripta Universitas infestatur, quod, solita in ea 
cessante doctrina, in non pauco numero scolares, longe pocius, prefate 
infestacionis intestine et forinsece, quam malignissime cladis illuc in- 
stantis formidine, illam pene vacuam dimittunt pariter et desolatam. 
Quoniam — internius lamentando referimus — de verisimili studii vestri 
cessacio appropinquat, nisi vestra regia magnificencia in predicta 
excessus et gravamina, in eandem Universitatem illata, debite cor- 
rigendo sibi celerius oportunum imparciatur auxilium. Quas ob res, 
magnifice princeps potentiSsimeque domine, vestram inclitissimam 1 
clementissime quesumus majestatem nostris devotis et obnixis precibus 
exoratam haberi ; quatenus antedicto officiali de arcubus de dictis causis 
non audiendo ulterius, neque aliquam sentenciam in eis earumve altera 

^ ratio : this word is partly erased MS. ^ premisse added over the line MS. 
^ a blotted in MS. * Another confusion apparently — perhaps it should be 

read preexceU€vtissi7}io arhHrio et laudo, but there is no abbreviation in the 
writing here. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 133 

latam execucioni aliquatenus demandando ; sed, si quid in eisdem 
prius attempt averit, revocando, vestris graciosis litteris sigillo vestre 
cancellarie signatis prohibere dignetur; et post hoc easdem causas 
vestrum per consilium maturius auditas, pro pacis nostra optate 
speciali reformacione celeriter determinare, ad quod nos porro vocatos 
fuisse ex vestri brevis tenore aliquamdiu sumus, ut decuit, prestolati ; 
aut saltem ad minus, hujusmodi vestri prohibicione prehabita, propter 
jurium vestre ^ Universitatis memorate indempnitatem, dictas causas, 
ut sua privilegia exigunt, determinacioni ejusdem Universitatis remitti 
predictosque in juribus bacallarios, decreto ab eisdem in ea parte 
ferendo, omni contumacia cessante, vestro regio mandato parere com- 
pellatis ; benignissime princeps illustrissimeque domine : specialiter 
advertentes, quod si solummodo in juribus bachularii ab Universitate 
predicta aut in puplicis proclamacionibus, ut ferventer exoptant, ap- 
pellarentur magistri, nullarum aliarum facultatum baculariis magistris 
nuncupatis, singuli scolares ibidem ceterarum facultatum, studio prorsus 
deserto, ad jura adiscenda continue convolarent; necnon eciam ipsi 
jurium bacularii, baculariatu in eisdem adepto, se ad honorem, quam 
ultra procedere frivolum foret, venisse putantes, protinus studio dcre- 
licto amplius adiscere non curabunt ; et veri magistri nulla reputacione 
habebuntur, in vestri generalis studii predicti gravissimum dispendium, 
et dicte Universitatis dedecus perpetuum. Ob quod, si hujusmodi 
prefati bacularii in decretis et jure civili, ut prefertur, pro premissis 
transgressionibus excessibus et contumeliis, in vestram regiam celsi- 
ludinem vestramque antedictam Universitatem commissis, hac vice 
debite non castigentur; aliis grassari volentibus, quotienscunque deter- 
minacio Universitatis, quamtumcunque rationabilis, displicens eis emer- 
serit, cedet in exemplum in eandem Universitatem taliter continuo 
debacandi. Vestram justissimam inclitudinem tam recte predictorum 
flagicia castigare, ac tam feliciter vestrum utrumque regere regnum 
Omnipotens largiatur, ut post hujus vite cursum diadema eterne glorie 
consequatur. Scripium nosire congregacmiis domo, qiiinlo decimo die 
Decembris ^. 

108. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. Fol. 40 b. 

The scholars of Deiwn and Cornwall carried aivay an image of 
S. Peler frovi a parish church and placed it on I he high a liar a I 
S. Frideszvydes, inviting other scholars to attend mass there. On being 
required to desist the I aiw- students refused and, in the end, serious rioting 

^ vciiri MS. ^ No siil)scii[)lioii. 



134 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



has e7isued ; by which senie?ices of if?iprisonment of one of the culprits 
a7id banishment of another are rendered ineffectual, and a general collapse 
of authority prevails, 
1435* Serenissimo principi, domino duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, 
et magno Camerario Anglie, nostro graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, nostrum in adversis singulare refugium, 
specialissime vestre oratricis Universitatis Oxoniensis utinam compaii 
gemitibus et lamentis ! Cum reverendissimus nobis pater noster, 
dominus Cancellarius, super ilia materia discordie per legistas in 
dicta Universitate nuper suscitata, et vestre serenitati sepius intimata, 
per labores suos sensatos et efficaces sudores felici fine fuerat in 
puncto concludendi, sed in ultimo festo S. Petri in cathedra, Devo- 
nienses et Cornubienses, (sicut ceteri de aliis plagis regni, qui in suis 
festivitatibus sue patrie antiquitus unam missam solennem in ecclesia 
Beate Marie Virginis, matrice Universitatis ecclesia, celebrari obtinere 
solebant,) quandam ymaginem S. Petri de quadam parochiali ecclesia 
vifle Oxoniensis auferentes ad summum altare S. ffrideswyde posuerunt, 
et missam, solitam celebrari in ecclesia Beate Marie predicta, in dicta 
ecclesia S. ffrideswyde celebrari fecerunt; scolares et laicos ad ob- 
lacionem inibi accedere instigarunt ; et inhibicioni, rogacioni et re- 
quisicioni dicti domini nostri Cancellarii, Prioris et conventus dicti 
loci S. ffrideswyde, doctores et scolares legistarum obedire non cura- 
runt, immo expresse restiterunt, unde maxima perturbacio fuerat 
consecuta : nocteque proxima extunc sequente magna multitudo 
armatorum de predictis legistis noctivagabat, et cum quosdam ex eis 
convictos dictus dominus noster Cancellarius per statuta et privilegia 
dicte Universitatis pena carceris punire voluisset, certi legiste hujus- 
modi convictum adire carceres impediverunt per duos dies, aliusque 
convictus adire carceres eciam jussus expresse recusavit. Et cum 
dictus dominus noster Cancellarius dictum convictum adire carceres 
recusantem juxta privilegia Universitatis et statuta sub certa forma 
bannivisset, ille tamen bannitus ad metuendissimum dominum nostrum 
legem, ut pretendit, appellavit ; quod nunquam ab evo fuerat visum 
aut auditum, saltem in casibus perturbacionis pacis, contumacie aut 
rebellionis; et sic a dicta Universitate recedere recusat, in dicte 
Universitatis, suorum privilegiorum et statutorum despectum mani- 
festum, perniciosum aliis malificis in exemplum: quia sequetur in 
posterum quod quilibet publicus pacis perturbator convictus, hujus- 
niodi appellacione tutus, dictam Universitatem finaliter opprimet et 
illudet. Quibus omnibus piissima consideracione pen satis, potentissime 
serenitati vestre voto cordium supplicamus unanimi, quatinus dictos 
rebelles, qui in duricia sui cordis obdormiunt, potencie vestre brachio 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



135 



constringcre dignemini, taliter quod ad obedienciam debitam redeaiit 
nostre matris, aut ab eadem penitus abscidantur. Ipsorum sic potes- 
tates agnoscant, quorum virtute privilegia, nostre leges et statuta sunt 
condita, et a Christianissimis regibus vestris progenitoribus approbata; 
nec tarn prenobiles legum latores et conditores sic publice despectum 
paciantur. In premissis vero procurator noster, presencium lator, 
vestram noverit dominacionem specialius informare ; cui obsecramus 
humillime favorem in dicendis pro parte nostra, et aurem credulam 
adhibere dignemini graciose. Serenitatem vestram nostris precibus 
' in eternum commendatam, ad suum beneplacitum et tocius regni 
\ munimen defendat et roboret solus Deus, in cujus manu sunt posita 
I uni versa. Scriptuvi Oxonie in nostre congregadoms doTJi^o, tercio die 
j Marcii. Vestre serenitatis specialissima oratrix Universitas studii 
j Oxoniensis. 

! 

109. 

To the Archbishop of Dublin. Fol. 41 a. 

Commending to his grace Master Philipp Norreys, an indefatigable 
preacher, and conspicuous for his humility and other virtues. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Ricardo, Dei 1435= 
gracia Archiepiscopo Dubliniensi. 

Reverendissime pater, quia fide digne relacionis fama nostras dele- 
gavit ad aures quanta gratuita et magnifica vestre dominacionis 
inyignia karissimo confratri nostro, magistro Philijjpo Norreys, sacre 
theologie egregio professori vestra contulit paternitas graciosa; hec 
vivaci contemplantes memoria ad reddendas cordiales graciarum 
I acciones merito excitamur, quas dominacioni vestre unanimiter 
I oflerimus; ex dicto recensentes philosophico, hoc tocius ad integri- 
i tatem pertinere quod sue parti impenditur ad profectum. Nec ex^ 
fiducia desistimus tarn excellentis sciencie virum, sonoram sancte 
predicacionis tubam, que non raucescit in ostendendo plcbi sua 
scelera, humiliiatis speculum omniumque virtutum fragrancia in- 
signitum, ejusdem paternitatis vestre graciosis mauibus amplius com- 
mendare ; ut quod dominacionis vestre bencvolencia eidem incepium 
rccognoscimus, nostrarum precum humili inlervcntu perseveranter 
sciiciamus proficere, quod tam scientis filii industria congruis honoribus 
premietur. Et palernitatem vestram reverendissimam conservet in 
prosperis Pastor bonus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 
domo, mensis Marcii die duodecimo. Universitas studii Oxoniensi;s. 

• ex addcti, l>y contcniiiorai y liaiul, over the line. 



136 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



no. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

We have received iviih humilHy your gracious letter^ which shows 
your zeal for God and for the peaceful pursuit of learning : and we 
offer our daily prayers for you. After the bitterness of adversity peace 
will he sweet. Your chaplain will advise you of the present state of 
affairs here. 

1436. Serenissimo principi, domino nostro duci Glaucestrie, comiti Pen- 
brochie, magno camerario Anglie, nostro graciosissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, humilium oratorum vestrorum commenda- 
ciones internas et devota oracionum suffragia penes Deum. Domina- 
cionis vestre graciosissimas epistolas apicesque sacros per honorandum 
virum magistrum Thomam Chace humillima cervice nuper recepimus ; 
quos ideo sacratissimos nuncupamus quia Dei zelum, studii quietem 
et cleri proficuum continebant ; pro quibus et aliis ^ continue recolendis 
a seculo, eternaque memoria dignis, gloriosis vestris muneribus et 
insignibus preciosis nobis et matri nostre impensis, in quotidianis 
votis et precibus nostri cordis organa Altissimo presentamus; sperantes 
in Deo et in vestra serenitate premissa, apud quam posuit admirabilis 
sapiencia suam sedem, quod post nostre tribulacionis absinthium mel 
pacis sapiet dulcius, et post tenebrarum tedia lux serenior gracius 
eluccescet. Sic sub vestro ^ graciosissimo fulcimine tenemus firmiter, 
quod nostra studia feliciter respirabunt, ad Dei laudem et vestre 
dominacionis meritum coeternum. De statu quidem oratricis vestre 
Universitatis matris nostre, et qualiter ibidem singula jam versantur, 
novit prefatus capellanus vester dominacionem vestram plenius in- 
formare : cui, quesumus, post tropheum hujus transiture milicie, 
coronam ineffabilis glorie gloriosus Deus tribuat in supernis. Scriptum 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo sexto die Maii. Vestre 
serenitatis oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

JESUS: MARIA: ANNA! ORATE. 

Fol. 41 b. Testimonial letter for Master Robert Benet. 

1436. Memorandum, quod frater Robertus Benet, ordinis Augustinencium, 
sacre theologie professor, habuit litteram testimonialem sub forma com- 
muni, et cum hac clausula, 'formamque suam in sacra theologia in 
eadem Universitate laudabiliter exercuit et complevit.' Datum Oxonie 
mensis Maii die vicesimo sexto, anno Domini 7nillesimo quadringentesimo 
tricesimo sexto. 

* alias MS. noslro ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



137 



III. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Gascoigne. 

Would thai there were many such labourers in the Lord's vineyard I 
We desire specially to record the excellence of his sermons lately delivered, 
viaintaining the true doctrine of the sacrament of the altar and the King's 
prerogative. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1436. 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium salutem in Eo qui est omnium vera salus. 
Quia altissime veritatis conspectui credimus offerre libamen, cum 
virtutibus precellenti et sciencia perhibemus testimonium digne laudis ; 
hinc nos super vita et honeste conversacionis fragrancia karissimi con- 

: fratris nostri magistri Thome Gascoigne, sacre theologie doctoris, 
omnium, et cetera, sub forma communis usque ibi. Idcirco unanimi 

, assensu omnes ad summum Judicem vota ofFerimus, ut in agro 
dominico multi tales nascerentur agricole, qui tribulos a segete, 
zizannia a tritico, et virtutis gramen a viciorum palea eradicare valeant, 

j velut iste doctor catholicus ; qui cedulo sudore studii inter nos sane 

I doctrine metit manipulos, quibus oves Christian! ovilis sane et cathohce 
pascere novit. Nam inter cetera sue laudis preconia hoc testamur, 
quod in magno festo diei Paschalis et feria tercia sequente, tanta de 
sacramenti altaris mysteriis, tanta de sacre scripture prerogativis et 
excellenciis, ac domini nostri regis prerogativis egregie et catholice, 
ex Sanctorum testimoniis ac meris racionibus declaravit, regalemque 
titulum defendit et contradicentes convicit, unde merito dictante con- 
sciencia integram sui famam omnibus patefacere decrevimus per pre- 
sentes. Ne igitur &c., sub forma communi. Datum Oxonie in nostre 
congregacionis domo vicesimo octavo die Apr His, anno Domini millesimo ' 

j quadringentesimo tricesimo sexto. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Borstall. 

Nota. Item, eadem die frater Johannes Borstall, sacre pagine 1436. 
professor, ordinis minorum, habuit litteram testimonialem, sub forma 
I communi. 

Letters to the Archbishop of Canterbury for the two , 
Masters Gascoigne and Borstall. 

Et iidem magistri habuerunt eodem. die unam litteram commenda- 1436. 
toriani domino Archiepiscopo miltendam \ sub forma que sequilur. 

' miitcudani added on margin in conlcmj)oiary hand. 



138 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



112. 

Letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury for Masters 1 
Thomas Cooper and Thomas Long. | 

1436. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei.i 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati, et apostolicej' 
sedis Legato, domino nostro speciali. r 
Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, quem in nostre laudisi 
inocciduam memoriam reveremur, in Eo feliciter degere qui mandatii 
salutem Jacob. Dominacionis vestre magnifica opera circa nostramj 
Universitatem commendamus Altissimo celitus premianda. Et quiaij 
non debeant virtutis karismata, que vasis in honorem factis spiritusi 
infudit Altissimi, occultari sub modio, sed ut populo luceant in 
publicam venire noticiam, ad Dei gloriam pariter et honorem; ea-i 
propter reverendissime paternitati vestre, quam humili reverencia. 
prosequi mur, carissimos confratres nostros, magistros Thomam Coopeijj 
et Thomam Long, arcium magistros, laudabilibus meritis, moribus el: 
scienciis omniumque virtutum fragranciis redimitos piisime vestref 
dominacionis favori concorditer commendamus ; desiderantes devote 
Fol. 42 a. quod has sue matris preces, in suis agendis penes eandem vestrarr 
dominacionem, sibi senciant valituras. Reverendissimam paternitateir 
vestram inter sanctos collocari antistites infinita felicitate plenus tribua 
ipse Deus. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensi 
Januarii die vicesimo secundo. Vestre reverendissime paternitatii 
oratrix humillima Universitas studii Oxoniensis. ' 



Acquittance of Master H. Sever, guardian of the Winton 

Chest. 

1436. NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Cancellarium Universitati 
Oxoniensis cetumque unanimem magistrorum regencium in eaderr' 
recepisse et habuisse, die confeccionis presencium, de magistro Henrio 
Sever completa et fideha raciocinia ciste Wintoniensis, pro toto tern ^ 
* pore sue custodie ciste antedicte ; et diclum magistrum Henricum a 
omni ulteriori et quacunque accione racione prefate custodie absolvimu 
et acquietamus per presentes sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datm.^ 
Oxonie in domo nostre congregacionis, ultimo die mcnsis Januarii, arm : 
Domini millesiiuo quadritigentesimo tricesimo sexto. 



EFISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



139 



113. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

Our humhie devotioii as usual. It was by divine inspiration that you 
have resuscitated the seven liberal arts and three philosophies. This thought 
supports us when exhausted by our daily and nightly studies. We 
would not be importunate^ but only desire to kindle your charity by 
begging that you will provide for the continued maintenance of this 
learning iji Oxford ; for, as a tree plafited zvill perish without water, 
. so the poor scholar will faint for lack of means of sustenance. 

Serenissimo principi Domino Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, comiti 1436. 
Pembrochie, Camerario Anglie, domino nostro et graciosissimo pro- 
tectori. 

Serfenissime princeps, consuetaet debitanostre humillime devocionis 
tributa, et preciosum scienciarum thesaurum continuacione inoccidua 
' perennare. Gloriosa vestre serenitatis opera, que celo plus quam 
\ mundo copulantur, in vestra specialissima oratrice matre nostra 
tanquam lux meridiana summe^ fulgent; que nostro supplici inter- 
ventu ad plenum recompenset Qui in seculorum fine premiat labo- 
i rantes. O precelsa serenitas, O celica inspiracio, cujus ope et 
i mandato septem liberalium arcium triumque philosophiarum studium 
' et doctrina, olim fere in oblivionem lapsa ^, renovata fuerant et in 
actum redacta, et que siquidem erectum hominem supra bestias terre 
feliciter provehunt usque celum ; et cujus serenitatis contemplacione 
nostrum quilibet intentissimo animo in attenuacione spirituum et lugu- 
bratione noccium laboribus continuatis hucusque studiis se exponit. 
Sed arbor ilia necessario arescet que sue radicis non sentit fomentum, 
nee bene vacabit studio quem adjuncta pauperies deprimit sua mole : 
I quia, de tam pauperculo magistrorum dictarum scienciarum posse, 
• non procedet tam honorificum et arduum opus continuare absque 
I competenti subsidio ^ eorum victui et studio requisito. Igitur vestra 
\ oratrix perpetua, non ut videatur nimis importuna, sed ut gracio- 
sissimi sui domini preaccendat cor benivolum, erectis in celum lumi- 
nibus expansisque manibus vestre supplicat serenitati, quatinus 
' graciose dignetur providere taliter ad continuandam scienciarum 
j lecturam, quod sue vinee ramunculi frondeant, floreant et fructum 
i afferant, ad Dei honorem et gloriam, sancte fidei augmentum ct vestre 
serenitatis felicissimum ^ meritum sine fine ; ut sic, mulliplicatis 

* suin/iio MS. ^ olim added over the lino by contcni]iorary linnd. 

^ mcrsa erased and lapsa written over MS, * silba ib. ^ fcliiissiinuiii 

added over the line. 



KPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



intcrccssoi ibiis, vcstra screnilas in gloria principeUir. Scriptum Oxonk 
in jiostrc congregacionis domo, quarto decimo die Februarii. Veslrc 
sereniLatis humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 



114. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. 

Certain unnatural sons of our tnother and yours, to who?n we en- 
trusted our funds, will neither restore the same, nor render any account 
thereof We always can rely upon your aid in our difficulties, and now 
beg that you will enforce due satisfaction of our claim. 

1436. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni', 
Dei gracia Wellensi et Baihoniensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario, nostro 
domino speciali. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, Universitatis nostre 
honor precipue inflexibilisque columpna, nostre necessitudinis negocia 
pariter et commoda graciosis favoribus amplexari. Cum Univer- 
sitatem matrem nostram ardua urgeat necessitas, vestram ad domi- 
nacionem eo confidencius recurrit pro succursu et remedio, quo 
nobihus juventutem vestram caris suis lactavit uberibus in virum 
altum, suum patrem, et tutissimum protectorem. Siquidem quia 
quidam ingrati sui filii, quibus nuper sua bona servanda comiserat, 
tempore requisito et debito eadem restaurare aut inde compotum 
reddere contempnunt, in magnam sibi injuriam, dampnum et grava- 
men; igitur manibus expansis potentissime vestre supplicat domi- 
nacioni, quatinus per breve regium sub pena tales compellantur sue 
matri Universitati fidelem reddere compotum, et de ^ bonis eis inibi 
commissis eidem Universitati satisfacere cum effectu. Et Deus pater 
tocius consolacionis paternitatem vestram reverendissimam inter 
sanctos antistites presidere tribuat in excelsis. Scriptum Oxonie in 
nostre congregacionis dovio, quarto deciino die Februarii. Veslre 
paternitatis humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Fol. 42 b. Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

1436. Memorandum, quod septimo die mensis Marcii, anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti quinto decimo, sigillata est acquietancia Abbati et con- 
ventui de Oseneya, pro quadam pensione annua, videlicet, viginti sex 
solidis octo denariis, debitis Universitati per eundem Abbatem et 
conventum pro eodem anno. 

* Domino Johanni added over the line. 2 repeated MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



141 



1^5. 

To the Bishop of Chichester. 

Thanks for favours shown to blaster John Kjyng, and hopes of further 
tiairofiage. 

Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Simoni, Dei gracia 1436. 
episcopo Cicestrensi, nostro domino speciali. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias 
tanto patri debitas cum honore. Quia ex fide digne relacionis fama 
nuper accepimus, ex parte venerabilis confratris nostri, magistri 
ijohannis Kyng, in sacra theologia baccallarii, quanta gratuita vestre 
dominacionis insignia eidem contulit vestra paternitas graciosa, hec 
vivaci contemplantes memoria ad reddendas cordiales graciarum 
acciones merito excitamur : dignum namque recensentes, philosophico 
ex dicto, illud tocius ad integritatem pertinere quod uni sue parti 
impenditur ad profectum. Nec desistimus ex fiducia, quam penes 
eandem vestram paternitatem jam habemus, eundem confratrem 
nostrum, moribus et scienciis decoratum, eidem dominacioni vestre 
amplius commendare ; ut quod vestre graciose dominacionis bene- 
volencia inceptum eidem recognoscimus, ejusdem caritatis intuitu et 
nostrarum precum interventu continuare feliciter in posterum censea- 
mus^ Vestram reverendam paternitatem diutine conservet in pro- 
speris benignitas Redemptoris. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congre- 
gacionis dome, undevicesimo die Marcii. Vestre paternitatis reverende 
oratrix Universitas Oxoniensis. 

116. 

To Thos. Bourchier, Bishop of Worcester. 

We inclose a detailed truthful statement of the recent disturbances here, 
which have been falsely represented by certain ungrateful sons of the 
University ; and in particular respecting Richard Rudal, guilty of 
harbouring John Raynold, who had been banished from Oxford by our 
authority. We beg that the said Richard Rudal may be sent back to 
Oxford to be duly punished. It is imtrue that 710 Welsh scholar dares 
to stay in Oxford, for, in fact, they are at present residing here i?j 
large numbers. 

Reverendisstmo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Thome, Dei 1436. 
gracia Wigorniensi episcopo, nostro summo^ Cancellario et domino 
speciali. 

^ Usually sc/i!ia;/iiis. sui>i//to atldcd over the line. 



142 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Rcvcrcndissime in Christo pater et domine, Universitalis nostrc 
honor firmissimaque columpna, cui, ut nostro precipuo capiti et ' 
lutori, reverenciarum tributa offerrimus del)itarum. Quia nuper nobis 
per vestrum venerabilem commissarium inLimatum est vestra ex parte 
exemplar cujusdam querele, ministrate illustrissimo et metuendissimo ' 
domino nostro regi, in qua quam plura scimus a veritatis rectitudine 
declinare ; volentes in caritatis visceribus venena falsitatis confundere, ; 
veritati testimonium perhibendo, seriem grandis disturbii nuper com- 
missi, in scedula infra presentes conclusa, vestre venerande paternitati 
plenarie reseramus ; conquerimurque de singulis ingratis matris nostre 
filiis, quos constat rebellione intranea tranquillitatem nostri studii 
denigrasse, aut externa persequucione gravamina aliter quam acta 
fuerant coram venerabilibus dominis ministrasse ; et specialiter super |' 
Ricardo Rudale, quem ex infallibili evidencia lohannem Raynold, 
bannitum in Julio ultimo transacto, retinuisse et sustinuisse nobis ^ • 
est certum; in manifestum contemptum nostrorum statutorum et \ 
privilegiorum, per invictissimum regem nostrum et suos progenitores ^ 
nobiles post eorumdem concessionem confirmacionis robore muni- i 
torum. Super eodem eciam conquerimur, quod cum datus erat ! 
eidem terminus ad respondendum super recepcione dicti banniti, ; 
recedens contumax prefixo termino, satisfacere recusavit. In humi- : 
litate igitur spirituum instamus, vestram venerabilem dominacionem 
suppliciter exorantes, quatenus dictus Ricardus, ut justum recipiat i 
punimen, ad sue matris gremium remittatur, ne in futurum cedat aliis 1 
exemplum, ab Universitate, ut pallient suos defectus, fugere, forinseca i 
remedia exquirendo. A die enim dicti disturbii apud nos tranquillitas | 
pacifica habundavit, fertur tamen graviter crudelitas querele, propter j 
nimiam declinacionem a semita veritatis. Nec verum est quod.nullus } 
scolaris Wallie audet Oxonie expectare, cum eos in magno et com- 
petenti numero, in aulis quibus solitam moram traxerunt, manere ' 
sciamus ; quos tanquam probos studentes, pacificos et quietos, prout ■ 
meriti sunt, protegere volumus et cupimus ; supplicando vobis quatinus ■ 
hec curetis oculis pietatis. Et Rex summe pacificus vestros actus ' 
prosperet, ad utrumque vobis commissum regimen, cleri scilicet et 
culminis pastoralis. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo 
vicesimo secimdo die mensis Marcii. Vestre venerande paternitatis 
humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

^ nobis added over the line. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



143 



Testimonial letters issued for Masters John Moreton, John Fol. 43 a. 
Barwyle, Geoffrey Herford, and Gilbert Russell. 

LiTTERA testimonialis magistri Johannis Moreton, magistri arcium, 1437- 
sub antiqua forma sigillata fuerat, cum ista clausula speciali ' presertim 
super insultu, contra nobilem virum dominum Willelmum Mountfoort 
mililem, Oxonie nuper facto, quern in ea parte innocentem novimus et 
immunem.' Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, undevicesimo 
die Apr His ^ a'nno Domini millcsimo quadringentesimo tricesimo septimo. 
\ Memorandum, quod magister Johannes Barwyle, magister facultatis 
arcium, habuit litteram testimonialem sub forma communi, vicesimo 
quarto die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
tricesimo septimo. 

Memorandum, quod magister Galfridus Herford, doctor sacre theo- 
logie, ordinis predicatorum, habuit litteram testimonialem sub forma 
communi, anno Domini supradicto et quintodecimo die mensis Maii. 

Memorandum, quod magister Gilbertus Russell, doctor sacre 
theologie, ordinis minorum, habuit litteram testimonialem sub forma 
communi, anno Domini supradicto et duodecimo die mensis Junii. 

117. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. 

I We thank you J~or granting our prayer by remitting to us for due 
■punishment our debtor Master John Warthytl ; thereby saving us great 
expense, and preventing tJie violation of our statutes, which require that 
all contracts entered into in S. Mary s Church here shall be also termi- 
nated in the same place. We entreat you to lend a favourable ear to our ■ 
late proctor Master William Crovuton. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei 1437. 
igracia Wellensi et Bathoniensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario, noslro 
\ domino specciali. 

I Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, solita nostra recom- 
mendacione premissa, necessitatis nostre negocia piis favoribus ut 

j solito amplexari. Ad eas quas valemus graciarum acciones, pro 
dominacione vestra graciosa condnue nobis impensa, ut nuper pro 
brevibus domini nostri regis sub pena, assurgimus uno corde ; suppli- 
cantes humillime de continuacione ejusdem dominacionis vesire 
graciose ; et quod dignemini transmittere debitorem nostrum magis- 
trum Johannem Warthyll ad nostram Universitatem, recepturum quod 
justicia dccreverit, propter leviorcs sumptiis Universilatis nostre in 



144 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



hac parte fiendas ; et quod, ad hoc faciendum, inveniat coram vobis 
sufficientem securitatem de ibidem comparendo, in proximo quo fieri 
poterit, coram Universitate nostra in ecclesia Beate Marie. Nam 
nostra statuta sic exigunt, quod res et contractus quicumque ibidem 
incepti in eadem debeant terminari : scientes quod hoc faciendo 
, maximum nobis succursum impendetis, et terrorem aliis contumacibus 
dictam Universitatem contemnendi ; que est et erit oratrix , vestra 
perpetuis temporibus in futurum. Et favorabilem audienciam magistro 
Willelmo Crowton, nuper nostre Universitatis procuralori, in dicendis 
vice nostra, dignetur impendere paternitas graciosa. Quam ad fidei, 
regni et cleri honorem, Deus conservet et semper prosperet in agendis. 
Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, sexlo decimo die Junii, 
Vestre paternitatis oratrix humillima Universitas Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letters to the Lord Cardinal for Masters 
Thomas Brewer and John Wellis. 

1437- Memorandum, quod magister Thomas Brewer, magister facultatis 
arcium, habuit unam litteram commendatoriam domino Cardinali 
sub forma communi, anno Domini supradicto undevicesimo die 
mensis Junii. 

Memorandum, quod magister Johannes WelHs, magister facultatis 
arcium, habuit Htteram testimonialem sub forma communi, anno 
Domini supradicto undevicesimo die mensis Junii. 

ii8. 

Fol. 43 b. Probably to the Bishop of Winchester \ - 

Complaining of malicious misrepresentations. The University is now 
in a perfeclly peaceful state. Certain malevolent members thereof however 
endeavour to manufacture disorder^ and, which zve now especially lament, 
harass poor scholars, as in the case of Master Bighury ; zvhom with 
others {all, we believe, quiet and studious men) they falsely accuse before 
you of insurrection. 

1437. Serenissime et illustrissime princeps, omni reverencia ac obsequio 
vestre reverencie humiliter prelibatis : satis agnovimus serenitatem 
vestram minime latere quanto inclitissimi progenitores vestri gaudio 
exultabant, cum de Universitatis pace ac scienciarum augmenLo 

* The date ccccxxxvii (the M being omitted) is, in the case of this letter, 
prefixed, and there is no further title, address, suprascription, or subscription. 
The letter is also crossed out in the MS. and breaks off abruptly. 



EPI5T0LAE ACADEMICAE. 



145 



audiebant ; quoddam inde sumentes presagium future prosperilatis 
ac glorie regni hujus. Quorum vos preclarissimis virturibus non 
imparem, non minori animo ac zelo nostre reipublice principem 
amantissimum semper accepimus. cujus magnificencie dona illustris- 
sima ac cetera vestre amplitudinis beneficia satis demonstrant : unde 
eternum nobis fecisse nomen minime dubitamus. Summam ideo 
pacem ac serenam nostri studii tranquillilatem, qua fruimur, vestre 
excellencie magno cum jubilo intimamus; qua profecto majorem in 
hac republica nec auris nostra audivit, nec in memoria aliquorum 
existit. Verum, quod dolenter referimus, quidam pacis ^ emuli, ac 
verius nostre Universitatis filii abortivi, omni sue matris amore post- 
posito, divinoque repulse timore, suijuramenti prestiii jam immemores, 
studii nostri banc serenitatem obfuscare, banc pacis tranquillitatem 
tempestate suorum malorum agitare universis fraudibus moliuntur-; 
causas hujus Universitatis ad extra suas per cautelas trahendo, virosque 
studiosos ejusdem vexando ; propter quorum tuicionem, ne studium 
turbaretur, vestri nobilissimi progenitores prinlegia de non trahendo 
causas ad extra magnis cum amore et providencia concesserunt. 
Inquietant nunc insuper, ut manifeste didicimus ^, scolarem quendam 
nomine Bigbury, juris baccalarium, moribus et sciencia clarum. nobis 
tam suis meritis quam \irtutibus carissimum ; quem cum ahis viris 
studiosis, ut accepimus. apud vestram excellenciam false ficta de 
quadam insurreccione accusasse minime veriti sunt. O audaces 
homines ! non erubuisse mendacium, et, quod magis est, in proferendo 
; ficticia tanti principis presenciam nullatenus formidasse, ad cujus 
' aures veritatem tandem venturam bene poterant arbiirari. quorum 
nequitia ^ et aliorum 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Memorandoi, quod suprascripto anno gracie duodevicesimo ' 1437- 
die Julii sigillata fuerat acquietancia Abbati de Ensham pro pencione 
annua quinquaginta solidorum, et pro pencione pro scolaribus pau- 
peribus depascendis in die S. Nicholai ultimo preteriio \ 

Testimonial letters issued for Masters John Barbore and 
John Pape. 

Memorandum, quod magister Johannes Barbore, magister arcium. 1437. 
bachallarius in medicinis habuit Htteram testimonialem sub forma 

* pacts repeated INfS. ^ moUiuntur ib. ^ dedicimus ib. * ucquia ib. 
* The remainder is wanting in the MS. ^ suprascripto anno grade added over 

the line by contemporary hand. A correction lor ultimo, also in contemporary 

hand. ^ ultimo prelcrito added, again, over the line. 

L 



146 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



communi, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo septimo, 
mensis ^ Octobris die sexto decimo. 

Memorandum, quod sexto decimo die mensis Octobris, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo septimo sigillata fuit littera testi- 
monialis secundum communem formam pro magistro Johanne Pape. 

Acquittance of John Eggecombe. 

1437. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tri- 
cesimo septimo, vicesimo quinto^ die Octobris sigillata est acquietancia 
Johanni Eggecombe bacallario facultatis . . . ' centum solidis, receptis * 
a Cancellario et procuratoribus in partem solucionis decern librarum 
eidem Universitati debitarum per dictum Johannem. 

Testimonial letter issued for Master Robert Fitzhugh. 

1437' Memorandum, quod magister Robertus fitzhuge, doctor sacre 
theologie, habuit litteram testimonialem sub sigillo communi ^ decimo 
die Novembris, anno millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo septimo. 

A dispensation granted to Master Wm. Assh. 

1437. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tri- 
cesimo septimo, duodecimo die Octobris petita est gracia pro magistro 
Willelmo Assh, sub hac forma; 'Supplicat venerabilem congrega- 
cionem regencium magister W. Assh, promotus ad curam animarum, 
quatinus graciose dignetur dispensare cum eo pro uno termino in 
quo, ultra necessariam suam regenciam ex statutis debitam, racione 
cujusdam gracie sibi collate in tempore bacallariatus, regere artabatur/ 
Hec gracia fuit concessa et per magistrum J. Kyrkeby seniorem pro- 
curatorem pronunciata. 

119. 

Fol. 44 a. From the King. 

By admitting Master Wascogh, our chaplain, to be a member of your 
University you give a proof of your devotion to us ; we thank you, and 
desire you to accept, as from ourselves, the communication which Master 
H. Sever will make to you. . 

1437. Ista littera fuit fnissa a serenissimo ac illustrissimo nostro rege 
Henrico sexto, cum ista suprascripcione, 'In Domino sincere dilectis 

^ metise MS. ^ Added over the line again. ^ de dece erased ; perhaps 

should be decretorum, or perhaps for de centum solidis, &c. * The letter alone 
occurs ; probably for receptis. ^ sub sig. com. added again over the line. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



147 



Cancellario, seu ejus Commissario, et procuratoribus Universitatis 
nostre Oxoniensis ac cetui regencium in eadem/ 

In Domino sincere dilecti, quam pura fide quamque grata devocione 
quod serenitati nostre placitum ^ esse queat desideretis perficere, non 
mode conjicimus, verum ipso rei experimento sensibiliter et oculata 
fide videmus; dum vos^ nuper unanimi communique voto bene- 
dilectum clericum et capellanum nostrum magistrum Wascogh, sacre 
pagine professorem, non minus amplissimarum sciencie et virtutum 
suarum intuitu quam nostri, uti credimus, contemplacionis obtentu, 
in unum ex filiis alme matris vestre eciam mero motu intelleximus 
adoptasse : In quo baud dubium preclaras erga nos affecciones vestras 
plurimum laudatas habemus, et benemeritum cetum vestrum regie 
majestatis graciis honoramus ; volentes ut dilecto capellano nostro 
magistro Henrico Severe, harum bajulo, in iis, que vobis nostri ex 
! parte exponet, audienciam curetis impendere creditivam. Et jugiter 
joptamus, fertilis et fecunda maneat alme Universitatis nostre vinea 
scienciarum omnium, indesinenter producens germina virtuosa. Datum 
in manerio nostro de Skene mensis Novembris die tercia. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Item, decimo die Decembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringen- 1437. 
tesimo tricesimo septimo, sigillata est una acquietancia Abbati et 
conventui de Eynysham, pro quadam pensione annua, debita Univer- 
sitati ad festum S. Nicholai^, anno regni regis Henrici sexti sexto- 
decimo. 

Testimonial letter for Master Henry Caldey. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tri- 1437. 
cesimo septimo, mensis Februarii die vicesimo tercio, sigillata [estj 
una littera testimonialis magistro Henrico Caldey, sub communi forma. 

120. 

To the Archbishop of Dublin. 

Commendation of Master Henry Caldey. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Ricardo, Dei gracia 1437. 
Archiepiscopo Dubliniensi, Universitas Oxoniensis. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, reverencias tanto patri 
debitas cum honore, et ad virtuosos nostre Universitatis palmites 

• pladdum MS. 2 :i festum S. Nicholai~re,^ni added over the 

line. * omitted in MS. 

L 2 



148 



EPJSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



patcrna inclinare viscera cum favore. Quia virtutum karismata, que , 
vasis in honorem factis Spiritus infudit Altissimi, nequaquam debeanl 
occultari sub modio, sed, ut omni populo luceant, in publicam venire ij 
noticiam, ad Dei gloriam et honorem ; eapropter vestre paternitati, i 
quam sincera reverencia prosequimur, dilectum confratrem nostrum !; 
magistrum Henricum Caldey, arcium magistrum, virum utique lauda- I 
bilibus vite et scienciarum meritis, conversacionis virtuose fragrancia \ 
aliisque virtutibus multipharie insignitum ; cujus periciam ac circum- ' 
spectam discrecionem indies inter nos experimur, specialius quo t 
valemus commendantes ; vos attente deprecamus quatinus ad eundem 
nostrum^ vestra inflammetur affeccio specialis, vestre benevolencie \ 
radios ad sui status commodum inclinando; ut eo plenius ad gra- i 
ciarum teneamur acciones, quo ipsum gracius de vestri pectoris i 
armario noverimus exaltatum ; ex dicto recensentes philosophico j 
illud pertinere ad tocius integritatem, quod uni sue parti impenditur j 
ad profectum. Paternitatem vestram inter sanctos collocari antistites 
infinita felicitate plenus tribuat ipse Deus. Scriptum Oxonie eadem i, 
die de qua fit mensio in ultimo memoranda. > 

■r 

A similar letter sent to the Bishop of Ferns. 

1437- Eciam eodem die missa fuit epistola reverendo in Christo patri et \ 
domino, Roberto, Dei gracia episcopo Fernensi, pro eodem magistro | 
Henrico Caldey sub forma priori. 

121. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. | 

We have disguised our troubles as long as we could ; hut now, in the I 
interests of public justice, we appeal to you, our protector in all dangers and j 
particularly where our just rights are i7nperilled. We entrusted sundry 
moneys, as the indentures in our hands prove, to certain of our body then 
in our confidence. But now they will neither restore the same, nor render 
any account ; we beg therefore that your authority may he employed to 
enforce the fulfilment of their duty, 

1437. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia Bathoniensi et Wellensi episcopo, Anglie Cancellario et ' 
nostro domino specialissimo. ' 

Reverendissime in Christo^ pater et domine, gravissimas nostre 
matris injurias, quod dolenter referimus% hucusque plurimum dissimu-j' 
latas, nolentes, immo nec debentes, diucius occultare, aut sub fucc{ 

* confratrem omitted MS. ^ in Christo repeated ib. ^ referrimus ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



149 



simulatorie preterire, sed in lucem deducere divulgandas, ut unus- 
quisque fructus condignos suis circa rempublicam meritis et demeritis 
percipiat manifestos, dominacioni vestre confugimus, et lilteras 
presentes omni devocionis spiritu eidem duximus dirigendas. Et 
eo tucius. cum necessitas urgeat, vobis recurrimus pro succursu quo 
noscimus, quod mater nostra Universitas vestre juventutis tempora 
suis dulcibus lactavit uberibus, in egregium sibi patrem et tocius 
justiciae summum in republica defensorem ; et precipue pro hiis in 
quibus justiciam verisimiliter perituram cernimus, nec nostra refor- 
mandam potencia absque speciali vestri brachii refugio gracioso. 
Profecto retroactis temporibus diversisque vicibus, prout nostris liquet 
evidentibus indenturis, Universitas mater nostra quibusdam suis filiis, 
tunc sibi caris, thesauros et bona servanda commisit, que juxta 
ejusdem Universitatis jurium exigenciam restaurare recusant, et inde 
compotum non reddere non verentur; in maximum suis animabus 
periculum, grave eisdem scandalum ^ et dicte matris nostre gravissi- 
mum decrementum. Ea propter, tam precum nostrarum intuitu 
quam puplice utilitatis matris nostre optentu, per brevia regia ' sub 
pena' tales ingrati filii, immo verius spuria vitulamina^ detentores, 
quinimo et dilapidatores bonorum communium, comparere in vestram 
prenobilem presenciam compellantur ; et exinde ad respondendum 
et reddendum compotum super bonis nostris communibus eisdem 
commissis, per eos receptis, ac Universitati matri nostre per eosdem 
debitis, vestre dominacionis mandato, nobis sub eadem pena indilate 
mittantur ; recepturi, secundum Universitatis jura, id quod justicia 
suadebit. Circa que magistro Willelmo Biconnell, confratri nostro, 
juris civilis doctori, et in per eum vestre reverendissime paternitati 
nostra ministrandis ex parte ^ audienciam tam creditivam quam gra- 
ciosam impendere dignetur vestra dominacio Celebris et preclara.. 
Quam ad hujus regni felix regimen, cleri fulcimen, Deus prosperet in 
; agendis, et ad sancta sanctorum transferat post banc vitam. Scripium 
in nostre coTigregacionis domo, viensis JSIarcii die nono. 

Dispensation granted to Master John Gierke. 

Memorandum ^ quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 1437. 
tricesimo septimo, quintodecimo die Octobris petita est gracia pro 

• sed added over the line before et MS. ^ -vittclamijia (cf. Book of Wisdom, 
chap. iv. V. 3, Spuria vitulainina non dabiint radices alias) = barren suckers of the 
vine, which spring from the root of the tree ; see Du Cange. ^ ex parte nostra ? 
* This memorandum is entered at the foot of fol. 44 a, and thus is niscrtcd in the 
; middle of ep. 121, which begins nearly at the bottom of the same fol. and is 
i continued on 44 b. A late hand writes on margin, verte folium uhi habclur pars 
rdiqua cpistole. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



magistro J. Gierke, bacallario sacre theologie, sub hac forma; * Supplical 
vcnerabili congregacioni magister Job. Clerk quatinus, si contingat 

ipsum incipere in sacra theologia, quod non teneatur ad necessariam i 

regenciam.' Hec gracia fuit concessa sub condicione quod, anno ! 

quo inceperit ter ^ predicet ' in latinis ' in ecclesia Beate Marie : et sub t 

hac condicione per magistrum J. Kyrkeby seniorem procuratorem || 

fuit pronunciata. ■ ! 

i 

y 122. 

To the Bishop of Winchester. ; 

We rejoice in your ivelfare, and thank God for your exalted position, \ 
in which you are a tower of strength to the church, and always ready to 
defend the cause of the oppressed. This your character makes us hold to j 
entreat you to procure that the books bequeathed to us, as we are informed, \ 
by King Henry V, may be delivered to us. The books., especially those 1 
on philosophy, will be of the greatest use for the maintenance of the \ 
lectures lately instituted and since continued here under your patronage. j 

1437. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei , 
gracia tituli S. Eusebii Cardinali et episcopo Wintoniensi, nostro sin- \ 
gularissimo proctectori. ; 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, virtutum et scienciarum '\ 
alumpne precipue, ecclesie firmissima columpna; — etsi Domino^ 
Jesu laudum solennia nos et singulos per orbem Christicolas in- 
cessanter offerre recta velit racio, persuadeant sanctorum consilia et 
doctorum ecclesie dogmata inconcussa ; specialius tamen in laudis 
jubilum votivum mater nostra Universitas tota leta consurgit ad j 
Dominum Jesum Christum, plenitudine devocionis et oracionum pro 
vestri status prosperitate, promptitudine indefessa ; eo quod eidem et 
ecclesie Anglicane immo toti Anglie vos erexit in dominum provi- 
dentissimum, tutissimum protectorem justicie, in turrim fortitudinis i 
et propugnaculum fidei orthodoxe. Letamur eciam et merito, quod 
signanter aures pias, benivolas attenciones justis peticionibus meritorie 
inclinatis, et severe justicie ' et veritatis vobis factis instanciis, easdem 
piissime inflexibiliterque cum omni efficacia, secundum vias justicie 
Fol. 44 b. accommodas, procuratis, sustinetis et finem perducitis ad felicem. 

Qua de re plurimum animamur ea, que nostro juri ad justiciam ' 
attinent, coram vestra reverendissima paternitate secure proponere, | 
exsequi, ac semper, necessitate superveniente, vestram dominacionem f 
precelsam omni devocionis instancia, et reverencie, in quantum sufli- 

* tc MS. ^ Domino repeated ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



cimus, circumstancia, humilioribus precibus excitare. Sed pro eo 
specialiter ad vestram circumspectissimam clemenciam concurrimus 
ill presenti, quod cum illustrissimus et Christianissimus rex Henricus 
quintus, felicis meraorie, Universitati sue, matri nostre concesserit et 
legaverit, uti accepimus, libros quamplures, tarn theologie quam philo- 
sophie, eidem nondum deliberatos ; — quod forsan accidit quod non 
fuerat hucusque exposita^ dominacioni vestre percelebri instanter 
peticio pro eisdem ; — dignetur vestra paternitas graciosa talker or- 
dinare, quod memorati libri, quamprimum fieri poterit, effectualiter 
liberentur. Profecto multum ad rempublicam prodessent, ut ex eis 
doctrina salutifera hauriatur; sed plurimum conferrent libri philo- 
sophie ad lecturam ordinariam perutilem septem scienciarum et trium 
philosophiarum apud nos constitutam, inchoatam et feliciter sub vestre 
paternitatis refugio in secula duraturam ; quam tamen maxima cum 
difl5cultate hucusque perfecimus, cum librorum copia sumus nimium 
destituti. Imploramus igitur humiliter vestre dominacionis precelse 
piissimas aures habere nostris peticionibus inclinatas-; quarum exe- 
cucionem Cancellario nostro, morum et scienciarum splendore con- 
spicuo, adhibere dignetur favorabilem credenciam in dicendis vestre 
dominacionis circumspectissima celsitudo. Quam, ad tuicionem ecclesie, 
cleri et miHcie, in agendis prosperet Jesus Christus, et post hujus vdte 
metus, ' suas epulas transferat eternales. Scriptum Oxoiiie in nostre 
congrtguu. lis domo secundo die Aprilis. Vestre reverendissime pater- 
nitatis humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

123. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. Fol. 45 a. 

We k'fioiv not luhat to offer you as a worthy tribute to your merits ; 
hut we present ourselves ; and with bended knees and bowed heads ask 
your succour, and ijuplore God to protect you a?id inclijie your ears to our 
prayer. We have carried 071 the lectures in the seven sciences and three 
philosophies, which we know enjoy your favour^ but the expense is more 
iha?i we can bear. We need a large supply of books, and money to 
purchase more, atid pray you therefore to assist us to procure them, and 
to provide a pcrmaiient foundation for these lectures. Our Chancellor, the 
hearer hereof, is instructed to give you detailed information and invite 
your help both in procuring promotion of graduates and obtaining for us 
the books bequeathed by Kijig Henry V. 

^ cxposita added over the line by contemporary hand. - Here in the MS. 

occur some marks, apparently to indicate that the sentence is incomplete ; the 
omitted words, if any are lacking, may be easily supplied fiom similar passages. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



1437. Serenissimo principi, Domino Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, comiti 
Pcmbrochie, magno camerario Anglie, et domino nostro graciosissimo 
ac singularissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, cleri protector singularissime, milicie sidus 
luciferum firmissimaque columna ; cogitantibus nobis quid esset quod 
tan to, tam sereno, invictissimoque et principum Christianissimo ad 
complacenciam digne possemus offerre, non immensa opum po.ndera 
attulimus, immo, licet munus minutum sit, nos totos offerre decre- 
vimus; et oportet tam illustrissimum principem humillime revereri' 
flexis genibus, cervicibus inclinatis, vestram serenitatem pulsantes 
piis precibus, humilius quo valemus, ut nobis subveniat visceribus 
compassivis ; et divinas aures, ut inclinatos vos reddat et sua dextera 
vos protegat in tranquillitate ^, nec hiis nec illis dante Domino inaniter 
perituris. Novimus enim lecturam ordinariam et exercicium in septem 
scienciis liberalibus et tribus philosophiis fore vestre serenitati placita ^ 
et votiva. Qua de re eadem, pro nostro posse tenui, continuamus 
Universitatis expensis, licet eidem gravibus in presenti, sub spe vestri 
potentis brachii nobis, uti firme credimus, ea que sint necessaria ad 
continuandam lecturam hujusmodi, provisuri. Sane non est aliquid 
signum evidencius pronosticum floriditatis milicie regni cujusvis quam 
scienciarum renascencia florida, et precipue earum, que in regno illo 
primo exercitate fuerant et prius temporaliter introducte, quales nunc 
apud nos vestri desiderii contemplacione precipue renascuntur, in 
mentes redeunt et in nostre Universitatis vinea clarissime reviviscunt, 
producture supra solitum germina fructuosa. Verum quia ex nostris 
dictam lecturam claris effectibus continuare non possumus sine com- 
petenti adjuvamento, proteccionem vestre dextre excelse * devotissime 
invocamus. Desunt enim nobis et librorum copia et habendi facultas ; 
quibus, ut oportet et decet, tam famosum legend! opus poterit 
sustentari. Petimus igitur vestre serenitatis aures exoratas haberi, 
et piis oracionibus inclinatas, tam de providendis tanto operi libris, 
quam elemosina quadam perpetua ad dictam lecturam in perpetuum 
applicanda. In quibus venerando Cancellario nostro, latori presen- 
cium, cui, uti audivimus, vestre dominacionis benevolenciam dignati 
fuistis promittere specialem, precamur humillime ut velitis audienciam 
impendere creditivam; et non solum in iis, verum eciam in aliis 
vestre serenitati per eum nostra ex parte ministrandis ; quorum unum 
conscernit consuetudinem quandam super promocione graduatorum, 
alterum vero acquisicionem librorum, quos invictissimus et illus- 
trissimus princeps frater vester Henricus quintus oratrici vestre Univer- 

* The MS. here has an abortive word reve, followed by revereniis. ^ ift 

ierinqueU. MS. ^ placida ib. * exehe ib. 



E PISTOL AE ACADEMICAE. 



153 



sitati Oxoniensi et nobis legavit. Et miliciam vestram in terris sic 
dirigat Princeps summus, ut in celis proveniat post terrena. Scriptum 
^'c. secundo die Apr His. Vestre serenitatis humillima oratrix Univer- 
sitas studii Oxoniensis. 

124. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

The Pope, Eugenius, has wntteft to us and ordered us to send to the 
Council of Basle {transferred to Ferrara) a deputation from this 
University, and we have anxiously considered how we could obey his 
injunction. We have greatly at heart the objects of the Council, but 
our poverty forbids our attendance thereat. Fearing, then, not to obey 
the order of his Holiness we venture to ask you to help us ; and, further, 
to relieve the poverty, so fatal to learning, tmder which so many good and 
learned men are crushed, by a more systematic execution of the provincial 
constitution for the promotion of graduates. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1438- 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice 
, sedis legato, domino nostro graciosissimo. 

' Humiliatissimo devocionis spiritu tanto tam precipuo cleri patri 
' reverencias humillimas^ non minus devotas et obedienciam filialem. 
' Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, cum nuper sanctissimus in 
■ Christo pater et dominus, Dominus Eugenius, sacrosancte Romane et 
universalis ecclesie summus pontifex nobis suas sacras direxit litteras, 
! in quibus nobis ^ in virtute sancte obediencie mandando injunxit, quod 
cum consilium Basiliense ad civitatem Ferrariensem, pro consilio inibi 
celebrando, tam propter occidentalis et orientalis ecclesie unitatem, 
quam reformacionem ecclesie ac pacem populi Christiani, et alias 
. causas racionabiles, auctore Domino, duxerit transferendum, quam 
. cicius possemus aliquos nostre Universitatis doctores, vel magistros 
. insignes, ad ipsum consilium mitteremus ; ad ea tractanda et agenda, 
j que cedant in pacem Christicolarum, Dei laudem, et exaltacionem 

I ecclesie sue sancte ; hec sacra mandata, sanctas injuncciones medi- 
tantes internius sepius animo revolvimus, nec a nostre memorie limine 
, excidere permittimus, quomcdo ea, Altissimi cooperanie gracia, efli- 
caciter compleamus. Uiinam possemus ad illam desideratissimam 
occidentahs et orientalis ecclesie unitatem missione aliquorum de 
• nostris doctoribus vel magistris quovismodo promovere. Ad hoc 
nostra racio dictat, voluntas nostra non resilit, sed in assensu firmaLur. 

* dcvotiss — abortive— comes before non in MS. ' nobis repeated ib. 

i 



154 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Revera tamen ad tantum et tam arduum opus ex nostra Universitatis 
non sufficimus tenui facultate, nisi aliorsum nobis provisum fuerit de 
Fol. 45 b. succursu. Timentes igitur hec mandata pretermittere sacrosancta, vestre 
reverendissime paternitati consurgimus, humillius exorantes quatinus 
graciosas vestre munificencle manus, vestre paternalis consilii matura 
monita, quid nobis faciendum sit in dicto negocio, ostendatis. Quare 
quam humiliato spiritu vestre reverendissime paternitati instancius sup- 
plicamus, quatinus oculis vestre pietatis solite velitis specialiter respicere 
graduatos : quod eorum plerique, etsi litteratissimi sint atque amplissi- 
marum virtutum eminencia insigniti, sufficientes ad annunciandum 
Christicolis verbum Dei, sine promocione ad beneficia ecclesiastica 
usque etatem decrepitam differuntur. Alii, cogente ea discipline 
novercha paupertate, relinquere studia cohercentur. Sane celica fait 
inspiracio, qua nuper super promocione graduatorum erecta fuerat 
provincialis constitucio, per^ vestramque paternitatem precipue exe- 
cuta: sed et meritoria, immo merito amplectendaforet ejusdem execucio, 
si indifferenter procederet apud omnes. Harum nostrarum peticionum 
executori, venerando Cancellario nostro, viro per omnia circumspecto, 
dignetur vestra paternalis benignitas aures piissimas inclinare, cum 
reverencia ^ et favore. Et vestram in terris ad suam complacenciam 
longevet Dominus primaciam, vobis in meritum sempiternum. Scrip- 
turn Oxonie Sfc. secundo die Apr His. Reverendissime paternitatis vestre 
humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

1438. Item, eodem die sigillata est acquietancia Abbati et conventui de 
Oseney pro viginti sex solidis octo denariis, debitis Universitati anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti sexto decimo. 

125. 

Fol. 46 a. To the Archbishop of Canterbury and other members of 
the Council, now sitting at London. 

The University is like Rachael mourning her lost children. Her 
beauty is gone for very trouble. Once she was famous in the world; 
students flocked to her from almost every nation ; then she abounded with 
men learned in every art and science, her schools were not dilapidated nor 
the halls and inns empty. Now alas ! the nation is so impoverished by 

^ pro MS. 2 credentia appears, from other letters, to be the regular form in 
these cases. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



155 



war and scarcity both of food and mo7iey, a?id so slender is the reward of 
merit, that hardly do any now care to resort hither : scarce one thousand 
remain. Our doors are locked, our buildings in ruins. Those who still 
labour here until old age fiiid no reward, for they see that ignorant and 
unlettered men are promoted while they are turned out of doors. But how 
shall they teach who have no knowledge.^ We beseech you, therefore, to 
consider what sort of labourers you send into the vineyard, and to 
encourage education by promoting deserving graduates to benefices. The 
example of ancient days, the ivarnings of scripture, the dangers of the 
faith, the interest of souls, alike call aloud for redress of our grievance. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1438- 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, ceterisque reverendis patribus in 
Convocacione cleri Londoniis existentibus, nostris dominis graciosis. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino. Domino Henrico, Dei 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati, ac apostolice 
, sedis legato obedienciam filialem, aliisque reverendis patribus, in con- 
' vocacione cleri Londoniis congregatis, omnimodam reverenciam et 
j honorem. Apud aures pietatis et misericordie vestre, clementissimi 
I patres, Universitas mater nostra clamat cum Rachael, plorans filios 
suos et noluit consolari, quia non sunt. Olim siquidem alma ista 
' Universitas pulcra nimis et decora aspectu fuit, quasi vitis fructificans, 
et floras ejus flores honoris et honestatis. Sed heu ! nostris jam 
diebus, quod quam maxime dolendo referimus, pulcritudo et decor 
ejus emarcuit, merens et squalidus factus est vultus ejus ; et que flore 
ac fructu actinus fecunda fuit, filios jam, cum iis quos priori tempore 
genuit pre paucitate minime numerabiles, non honoris vel honestatis 
sed pudoris et irreverencie pocius, in dolore et anxietate parit. Ali- 
quando fama et gloria ejus ita percelebris apud omnes naciones et 
gentes Christianas ^ fuit, quod non modo hujus tam incliti regni nostri 
sed ^ tocius pene orbis homines studendi atque discendi gracia ad cam 
confluxerunt. Tunc siquidem prosperata est in viis suis, et singulari 
laudis titulo ab omnibus honorata. Tunc revera omnium arcium et 
scienciarum viris litteratissimis atque eruditissimis plena; non scole 
lacere, non studia deserta^ aule vel hospicia nunquam sane vacua 
videbantur. Sed, quod sine lamentacione et planctu dicere non pos- 
sumus, nunc longe secus est. Jam siquidem gloriosa niater, olim tam 
beata prole fecunda, pene in exterminium ac desolacionem versa est. 
Sola sedet plangens ac dolens, quod non modo extranei sed nec sui 
ventris filii cognovcrunt cam. Sic, sic revera, patres, fremitu bellorum, 
annone pecuniarumque caristia depauperatum est regnum nostrum; 



^ Chrisiiaiios MS. ^ ct ib. ^ disoia ib. 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



lam sera insupcr ac modica virtiitis et studii mentis ^ quod pauci aut 
nulli ad Universitatem accedendi habent voluntatem. Unde fit quod 
aule atque hospicia obserata, vel verius diruta sint ; janue atque hostia 
scolarum et stndiorum clausa ; et de tot millibus studencium, que 
fama est istuc in priori etate fuisse, non jam unum supersit. At illi, 
qui sane supersunt, tedium quam maximum vite habent, quod nullum 
fructum, nullum denique honorem post tantum studii sudorem con- 
secuti fuerint. Laborant autem nonnulli usque in senectam et senium, 
viri per omnia doctissimi atque sapientissimi, premium et mercedem 
boni operis expectantes. Sed quam mercedem, quemque honorem, — 
qui, ut philosophi aiunt, premium virtutis dicitur — virtus ac labor eorum 
consequatur, attendite quesumus. Sane filii locis ^, (famosi, supple,) et 
instructi viri, qui juste et ex merito promovendi amplioribusque honori- 
bus et dignitatibus ecclesie sublimandi essent, ejiciuntur foras, atque 
indocti et simplices, qui non litteraturam cognoverunt, intrant in labores 
eorum. O quam dolendum est, piissimi patres, vineam Domini Sabaoth, 
ecclesiam, scilicet, unicam Dei sponsam, tam imprudentibus atque 
indoctis cultoribus ad excolendum esse traditam ! Quomodo lucerne 
ardentes in sacrosancta Dei ecclesia erunt, si nec oleum nec lumen in 
lampade fuerit ? Quid dicemus de hiis ? nunquid purum oleum sancte 
conversacionis,ac vite integritatem,numquid et lumen doctrine, sciencie, 
et veritatis, quo officium sancte predicacionis ac administracionis verbi 
Dei excerceant, intus in animo foveant? et quomodo revera scient, 
cum litteras non didicerint ? Attendite igitur, obsecramus, patres, 
attendite, columpne et precipua luminaria ecclesie, quos operarios in 
messem Domini mittatis. Respicite, quesumus humiliter, primum ad 
domesticos fidei, (eos, supple, qui lucernas ardentes habent in mani- 
bus suis,) moribus et sciencia probatos. Licet enim Universitas mater 
nostra, labente jam tempore, piurimum depauperata atque humiliata 
Fol. 46 b. sit, in singulis tamen facultatibus et scienciis quidam electi ex millibus 
manent, adeo sane docti atque litterati sicut et superiori etate fuerunt. 
O ideo desides secordesque circa studium magis factos esse, quod 
-nullum virtutis, nullum studii sui premium, nullam utique promocionem 
sese consecuturos autumant ! Eo magis in desperacione positi, cum 
tot ex predecessoribus suis sine promocione, sine aliquo penitus studii 
premio dies clausisse extremos cognoverint. Flexis igitur genibus, 
obnixius quo valemus exoramus ac petimus, quatenus ad effectualem 
graduatorum promocionem oculos misericordie vestre convertere digne- 
mini : considerantes qualem quantamque nobis occasionem adeo dili- 
gencius studendi et proficiendi prestabitis, si vota nostra audieritis 
graciose. Moveat vos, patres, ad tam pium ac sanctum opus, primum 
^ merces'i ^ htcisl 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



157 



Universitatis nostre et cleri desolacio. Et sicut, bello inter Lacede- 
monios ac Athenienses exorto, Lacedemoniis victoribus existentibus, 
dum in Grecorum consilio questio versaretur, si Athenas delere fas 
esset; cum in regno Grecorum oculi tantum duo essent, alterum 
dicere^ nefas esse responsum fuit. Ita et, dum in hoc florentissimo 
regno duo duntaxat oculi, due lucerne ardentes fuerint, Oxonia et 
Cantibrigia, alteram vel utramque deleri vel extingui, seu desolacionem 
pati nepharium esse judicetis. Moveat et vos communis tocius ecclesie 
.' et populi Anglicani utilitas. Moveat tot pereuncium animarum jactura, 
quas in sacrificium laudis non lucraturi estis. Moveat amor fidei peri- 
• clitantis, malaque nepharia, quibus indies fideles ab hereticis vexantur : 
de quibus sic Apostolus scribit ; ' Instahunt, inquit, in novissimis diebtis 
tempora periculosa, homines sese amantes^ cupidi, elati, sijte pace, crimina- 
iores, habentes quidem speciem pietatis virtuiem autem ejus abnegantes, 
contra fidem reprobi^: et sicut Jannes et Jambres^ Moysi restiterunt, 
ita et hi veritati resistentJ Que omnia si solita vestra prudencia con- 
\ sideraveritis, certi reddimur quod vos graciosissimos ac voto nostro 
j paratissimos dominos senciemus, ad nostre oracionis saluberrimam 
1 expedicionem ; in qua laudem vobis in hoc seculo et eterna apud 
j Deum premia comparabitis. Et, ut singula pro parte nostra eo 
j felicem magis effectum consequantur, fidem rogamus indubiam pre- 
j stare dignemini venerabili Cancellario aliisque nunciis nostris, hujus 
nostre supplicacionis expediende gracia ad vos destinatis. Et reveren- 
1 dissimum cetum vestrum, ad laudem et gloriam ecclesie sue sancte, 
conservet in prosperis Sponsus ejus Jesus Christus, qui est benedictus 
, in secula. Humillima vestrarum paternitatum oratrix Universitas 
Oxoniensis. 

Item, eodem die sigillata est procuratio ^ directa domino Cancellario 
et aliis magistris existentibus Londoniis pro negocio superius memorato 
expediendo. 

126. 

Hec est copia littere commendaticie magistri Philippi Norys, Fol. 47 a. 
sacre theologie professoris, sigillata undetricesimo die 
Mali, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo 
octavo. 

Whereas Master Philipp Norys is falsely accused of heretical teachings 
and it is asserted that he has been banished from Oxford and excorn- 



* delerc ? ^ rehropi MS. ^ Mamhres ib. * procuratorc ib. 



158 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



mimicaicd, and would have been burnt at the stake had he remained here, 
we hereby declare the said statements to be entirely unfounded, and that h 
is, on the contrary^ above all suspicion in regard of such matters. |j 

1438. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 

pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis j 

magistrorum regencium in eadem, salutem in omnium Salvatore. J 

Quia sanctum et justum est perhibere testimonium veritati, sicut Dei } 

Filius, a sinu Patris in cells ad infima mundi descendens in terris, ut i 

testis vie et veritatis fieret fidelis, evangelio proclamante Ego sum via | 

et Veritas) nobis relinquens exemplum ut Ejus sequamur vestigia, * 
veritatem quam novimus contestando; Hinc est, prout tarde audivimus, 

et nimis cito, quod noster confrater, magister Philippus Norys, pro- | 

fessor sacre theologie et veritatis, fuit et est injuste, nequiter atque | 

sinistra diffamatus ; qualiter certas hereses et falsa dogmata inter nos I 

seminasset, propter que bannitus ac eciam excommunicatus fuisset; | 
et, si moram nobiscum traxisset, combustionem ignis passus fuisset; 

que omnia et singula fore falsa et maliciose concepta testamur unani- | 

miter; proclamantes ejus innocenciam, nobiscum illesam famam, f 

sanam doctrinam ; in moribus et sciencia virum providum et probum. [ 

Quibus attentis rogamus, obsecramus et deprecamur has litteras in- i 

spicientes consimile perhibere testimonium veritati. In quorum ij' 

omnium fidem et testimonium sigillum nostre Universitatis fecimus i\ 
his apponi. Datum ut supra ^. 



127. 

1 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. I 

We hear that Master Norris is to answer before you for certain parts \ 
of his lectures delivered here. We need not remind you, who were | 
suckled by our common mother, and have grown up to be her father and \ 
defender, that this is a cause which by our privileges ought to be tried 
by us ; we beg therefore that you will remit the same and the person in 
question to us, and we will judge without partiality. 

1438. Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei gracia 
Bathoniensi et Wellensi episcopo ac Anglic Cancellario, nostro domino 
gracioso. 

Humillime devocionis spiritu reverencias debitas tanto patri et 
domino merito tribuendas nunc et semper cum honore. Alme Uni- f 

^ This epistle, containing allusion to a possible auto da fe, is, in common with 
several to the Pope, crossed out in the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



159 



versitatis matris nostre olim alumpne prenobilis, sed nunc pater et 
defensor graciose, nostri concursus tutamen et refugium singulare ; ex 
relacione veridica concepimus venerabilem sacre theologie professorem 
et nostre congregacionis confratrem, magistrum Philippum Norris 
dominacioni vestre pro certis criminibus, (prout vestra dominacio 
informatur,) in sua lectura ordinaria nobiscum recitata, ordine privi- 

* legiorum nostrorum pretermisso, accusatum et super eisdem coram 
j vestra dominacione in crastino Johannis Baptiste virtute cujusdam 
i citacionis responsurum. Que materia responsionis, ex quo nobiscum 

■ est incepta, juxta privilegia matris nostre, sicut constat lucide vestre 
> dominacioni, nobiscum debeat terminari ; ad que privilegia inviola- 

• biliter observanda vinculo juramenti astringuntur singuli matris ubera 
suorum graduum assumpcione sugentes ; et specialiter qui pro tempore 

' fuerint circa matris obsequia ad tempus ministerialiter excubantes. 

Hinc obnixius vestram dominacionem, in qua summe confidimus, cum 
i omni instancia humilitatis deprecamur attente, quatinus dignetur vestre 
^ dominacionis sincera consciencia remittere causam cum persona ante 
j faciem matris examinandam ; et, si reus inveniatur, juxta sui delicti 
i qualitatem, sine accepcione persone, erit plagarum modus propor- 
\ cionatus. Sin autem ipsum libere evolare discernamus ^ et ab ulteriori 
j injuste vexacionis ^, quantum in nobis est, absolvemus. Et vestram 

dominacionem, ad ecclesie et regni regimen et nostre Universitatis 

munimen, diutine conservet in prosperis sapiencia Dei Patris. Scriptum 

Oxonie mensis /unit die vicesimo secundo. 

128. 

To Master Philipp Norys. Fol. 47 b. 

We have heard that you are summoned to answer before the Lord 
\ Chancellor certain charges, arishig from lectures delivered here by you ; 

■ and we warn you that so to do ivould be a violation of our privileges and 

■ of the oath by which you are bound. 

! Venerabili confratri nostro, magistro Philippo Norys, sacre theo- 1438. 
, logic professori. 

^ Honorande confrater, salutem internam, et vestre mairis privilegia 
I revered. Quia nuper audivimus quod citati fuistis examinandus et 
responsurus, coram reverendo patre et domino nostro Cancellario 
\ Anglie, de et super certis articulis tangentibus lecturam vestram 
i ordinariam nobiscum ; que materia, ut satis nobis constat, juxta 

' Yox deccrnamus\ a frequent confusion. ^ ivjusta ve.xatione'i 



i6o EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. j 

privilegia matris nostre, ad que inviolabiliter observanda astringimini \ 
vestri vinculo juramenti, nobiscum inchoata debeat terminari ; Hinc | 
vobis, virtute dicti vestri juramenti prestiti ad dicta privilegia illese 
observanda, tenore presencium inhibemus, ne in dicta materia, nobis- i, 
cum ut prefertur inchoata, coram aliquibus nec alibi respondeatis, nisi i| 
solum coram facie vestre matris, ibique responsurus et quod justum J 
fuerit in eadem materia recepturus. Et reverenciam vestram conserveti 
in bono Filius Virginis et Redemptor. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre\ 
congregacionis domo, mensis Junii die vicesim.o tercio. | 



129. : 

1438. Religiosis viris fratribus ^ . . . ] 
Honorandis viris et religiosis salutem, et sue matris Universitatis 1 
nostre jura et privilegia revereri. Quia nuper ex relacione veridical 
audivimus quod vos citari procurastis confratrem nostrum, magistrumi 
Philippum Norrys, sacre theologie professorem ad comparendum coram, 
conservatoribus vestrorum ordinum, responsurum de et super articulisj 
lecturam nuper suam ordinariam nobiscum tangentibus, que material' 
ut satis nobis constat ^ . . . 

Pateat universis per presentes nos, magistros J. Carpenter^ ... 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1438. Memorandum, quod undetricesimo die Junii sigillata fuit acquie 
tancia Abbati et conventui de Eynsham, de quinquaginta duobu; 
solidis debitis Universitati in capite jejunii, anno regni regis Henric 
sexti sexto decimo. 

Testimonial letter for Master Nicholas Sutton. 

1438. Memorandum, quod secundo die Julii sigillata fuit littera testimoj 
nialis pro magistro Nicholao Sutton, sub forma communi, ann 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo. 

^ No title, address, or subscription in MS., but no doubt the fragment is part < 
a letter addressed to the Augustine friars ; see letter 131 infra. ^ Here th 1 

fragment breaks off, and the portion given is crossed out in the MS. * Tl 

remainder is wanting ; probably a patent letter about P. Norrys. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



i6i 



To the King. Fol. 48 a. 

Having been informed that Master Norreys is summoned before the 
Lord Chancellor, to answer certain articles of accusation arising from 
his ordinary lectures, we beg leave, with the deepest humility Sf grief to 
represent that to plead to this charge would be a violation of those 
privileges with which your royal progenitors have endowed us ; and to 
ask that the case may be sent back again to us ; and justice shall 
he done. 

Serenissimo et metuendissimo principi, domino nostro regi, regi 1438- 
Anglie et Francie illustrissimo. 

Clementissime rex ac princeps, metuende ecclesie vigor, veritatis 
defensor, ac legum et privilegiorum tutissime conservator cum favore. 
Vestre celsitudinis progenitores, in quietem studencium augmentumque 
scienciarum et virtutum, vestram Universitatem Oxoniensem diversis 
privilegiis sanis et congruis stabilire et confirmare in perpetuum 
decreverunt. Tarde, et minus cito, verbalis orta fuit contencio in 
vestra Universitate Oxoniensi, ■ inter honorabilem virum magistrum 
Philippum Norreys, sacre theologie doctorem, et fratrem W. INlusilwik 
ordinis Augustinensium ; cujus contencionis materia juxta vestre 
Universitatis privilegia, ad intra sic incepta, nullo modo traheretur in ^ 
I alio foro ad extra ; ad que privilegia virtute juramenti astringuntur 
j onines inibi scholasticum gradum adepti. Modo predicta materia 
! coram vestro prematuro dominorum consilio tractatur et examinaiur 
in fundo. Unde timemus, si sileamus, offensam consciencie, privile- 
I giorum lesionem et in futuro dispendium intollerabile. Hinc igitur 
j inclinati ad terram, cordis cum singultu, devotissimas fundimus preces 
' vestre celsitudinis regie majestati, ad effectum ut persone ^ predicte ad 
' Universitatem vestram poterunt remitti ; ut ubi lis oriebatur ibi pax 
i reformetur ; et juxta qualitatem delicti erit plagarum modus, sine 
accepcione persone. Et vestre regalie monarchiam regat, protegat et 
(iefendat Sancta Trinitas. Scriptum Oxonie in nosire Cmigrcgacionis 
dome, mensis fulii die quarto. Humillima vestre regie majeslatis 
oratrix perpetua Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

' ad in MS. * ei pcnc without mark of abbreviation il)., cf. Epist. 131 ad lin. 



M 



l62 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



131. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

To our grief we are informed that certain persons, jealous of us because 
of the magnificent favours you have bestowed upon us, have falsely stated 
that we have banished friar Mussilwyk U7ijustly. The truth is that the 
said friar has grossly violated our privileges ; for he excommunicated 
Master P. Norreys in the schools without leave from the Chancellor, and, 
being summoned to answer for so doing, has hitherto refused to appear, 
though bound by his oath to reside in Oxford. Under these circumstances, 
after mature deliberation we have deprived him temporarily of his doctor s 
robes until he shall have made submission. But when it became evident 
in the sequel that he was supported in his resistance by his monastery, we 
suspended the said monastery ; and farther we have not proceeded. We 
pray that he and his abettors may be obliged to appear before us, and he 
examined and so dealt with as justice shall require. 

1438. Serenissimo principi domino nostro, Domino Humfrido, duci 
Gloucestrie, comiti Pembrochie, magno camerario Anglie. 

Serenissime princeps almeque nostre Universitatis protector gra- 
ciosissime, magnifice dominacionis vestre imxmensa beneficia circa 
dictam matrem nostram futuris temporibus continuare. Non sine 
multa cordis amaritudine animique perturbacione audivimus, quod 
nonnulli, a via veritatis exorbitantes de magnificis subvencionibus 
vestris nostre Universitati Oxoniensi, vestre dominacionis munifi- 
cenciam subtrahere nitentes, aures piissimas tante dominacionis in- 
formare minus recte non formidarunt; sic, quod nos, ordine justicie 
pretermisso, fratrem Willelmum Musilwyk, ordinis Augustinensium, 
contra privilegia et statuta nostra laborantem, bannicionis penam in 
ipsum fulminavimus, multaque alia; interque alia contra justicie 
equitatem nos asserunt sentensiasse. Et, ut rei Veritas seriesque rei 
geste tanti principis majestati innotescat, scire dignetur vestra domi- 
nacio circumspecta, quod quidam venerabilis vir, magister Philippus 
Noreys, sacre theologie professor, leccionem suam ordinariam nobis- 
cum resumpsit ; occasione cujus lecture dictus frater Willelmus cum 
ceteris pregravatus, ex post contra dictum doctorem quandam in 
scolis legit leccionem ; in qua prefatum doctorem, Cancellario incon- 
sulto, publice excommunicavit ; directe contra privilegia nostre Uni- 
versitatis; immo persona, juxta juris exigenciam, nullatenus preconizata. 
Nos igitur, banc privilegiorum nostrorum manifestam violacionem 
corde tenus, ut decet, ponderantes, dictum fratrem Willelmum fecimus 
legitime citari, ad respondendum de hiis, et super hiis que sibi ex parte 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



163 



dicte Universitatis essent objicienda. Sed comparere distulit, et adhuc 

differt in present! ; in contemptum, ut videtur, tocius Universitatis; 

cum tamen virtute sue regencie, tactis sacrosanctis, nobiscum residere 

sit artatus. Tandem posthac visum est omnibus magistris regentibus 

et non-regentibus Universitatis supradicte, previa tamen matura 

deliberacione, propter notoriam suam contumaciam et privilegiorum 

nostrorum pregrandem lesionem, dictum fratrem Willelmum insigniis 

doctoratus ad tempus privari; quousque propter sua precedencia 

demerita ad ovilis unitatem reducitur. Dehinc transacta solemnitate 

festi Pentecostes, resumpcione magistrorum interim inchoante, juxta 

statuta nostra fecimus dictum fratrem per scolas publice citari ; et quia 

certis evidenciis nobis innotuit quod non solum ipse, sed et claustrum 

suum, Universitatem illusit, unde dicta Universitas dictum claustrum Fol. 48 b. 

suspendit. Et in isto negocio ulterius non processimus ; nec aliquid 

aliud fecimus, expectantes de die in diem adventum dicti fratris. 

Acta autem prefati doctoris, confratris nostri magistri Pbilippi, habet 

, Cancellarius noster ad manus examinanda. Qui quidem doctor 
publice protestatus est, in plena convocacione regencium et non- 
regencium, parere in singulis, dictis suis scilicet et dicendis, judicio et 
correccioni Cancellarii, doctorum et magistrorum dicte Universitatis, 
ac quorum interest in hac parte. Quare precelsam dominacionem, in 
qua singularius confidimus, devotis precibus humillime deprecamur, 
quatinus, intuitu caritatis et optentu inclitissime dominacionis vestre, 
privilegia nostra conserventur illesa ; ut persona predicte remittantur 
coram oratoribus vestris, juxta privilegia nostra examinande, secundum 

• merita demeritave congruo justicie moderamine in hac parte recepture. 
Et serenitatem vestram inclitissimam semper preservet in prosperis, ad 
regni, cleri et oratricis vestre specialissime munimen et solamina, 
Princeps pacis. Scrip turn Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, die 
quarto'^. Humillima vestre serenitatis oratrix perpetua Universitas 
studii Oxoniensis. 

132. 

To the Cardinal Bishop of Winchester. 

Briefly states the offence of friar Mussikvyk, and begs that the Bishop 
will use his influence to compel the said Mussilwyk and hi'' adherents to 
submit themselves to the University^ there being danger of a laivstiit being 
commenced in another court, which would be a violation of the privilege, 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1438. 
gracia tituli S. Eusebii Cardinali ac episcopo Wyntonicnsi, nostro 
* No farther date given, 
JM 2 



164 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



singiilarissimo protectori. Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine," 
omnimodas reverencias tanto palri debitas pariter cum honore. Cum 
nuper venerabilis vir, confrater noster, magister Philippus Norres, sacre 
theologie professor, paratus ad semper, ut publice coram nobis pro- 
testatus est, in singulis per eum dictis et dicendis stare judicio et 
correccioni Cancellarii, doctorum et magistrorum nostre Universitalis 
Oxoniensis, ac quorum interest in hac parte, lecciones suas ordin- 
arias nobiscum resumpserit ; cujus occasione lecture quidam fraier 
W. Musulwyk, ordinis Augustinensium, cum ceteris sibi coherentibus 
pregravatus, in quadam leccione sua ordinaria, proprio juramento 
contraveniens, statuta nostra et privilegia ausu temerario violare non 
timuit, et alia enormia in nominis sui diffamacionem et contra con- 
sciencie rectitudinem operatus est ; cum vinculo juramenti ad actus 
regencie nobiscum residere fuerat astrictus : nempe post tantas 
injurias pie matri illatas, congregacione inconsulta ut contumax 
recessit, et adhuc recusat ad gremium matris redire veniam petituriis \ 
pro delictis ; et, quod dolenter referimus, labore aliquorum nostre i 
Universitatis emulorum, materia litis, sic ad intra inchoata et nobis- | 
cum juxta privilegia nostra determinanda, ad extra trahitur deter- { 
minanda. — Quare piissimam vestram dominacionem devotis precibus i 
humillime exoramus, quatinus suspiriis fecunde matris compati i 
dignemini lacrimosis, ad effectum ut privilegia nostra serventur illesa, i 
et dicte persone mediacione vestra benignissima remittantur coram li 
nobis examinande, secundum merita demeritave congruo justicie [ 
moderamine in hac parte recepture. Et de statu crediti ministerii, 
ad promissionem benediccionis, post hujus vite transitum feliciter 
pervenire concedat magnus Pastor omnium Jesus Christus. Datum 
m nostre congregacionis domo iercio Idus Julii. 

133- 

Fol. b. 48 a. To the Archbishop of Canterbury ^ 

The case of friar W. Mussilwyk again. 

1438. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 

gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice ' 
sedis legato, domino nostro graciosissimo. ' 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias 
cum obediencia pariter et honore. Cum nuper venerabilis vir, con- f 

This epistle commences a second folio numbered 48. Thus there are four so 
numbered : 48 a, 48 b, and b. 48 a, b. 48 b. in the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



frater noster, magister Philippus Norres, sacre theologie professor, 
paratus ad semper, ut publice coram nobis protestatus est, in singulis 
per eum dictis et dicendis, stare judicio et correccioni Cancellarii, 
doctorum et magistrorum nostre Universitatis Oxoniensis ac quorum 
interest in hac parte, lecciones suas ordinarias nobiscum resumpserit ; 
cujus occasione lecture quidam frater W. Musilwyk, ordinis Augusti- 
nensium, cum ceteris sibi coherentibus pregravatus, in quadam leccione 
sua ordinaria, proprio juramento contraveniens, statuta nostra et privi- 
legia ausu temerario violare non timuit, et alia enormia in nominis sui 
diffamacionem ^ . . . 

134- 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

We have read, with due respect^ your letter lately received ; and, with 
more sorrow than we can express^ we perceive that you have been mis- 
informed by our enemies respecting the case of friar W. Mussilwik. We 
hope thai you have now had our letter containing details of the case^ and 
will see thereby that we have not acted with precipitation or undue 
severity^ but rather with the tenderness of a ?nother for her erring child. 

Serenissimo principi domino nostro, duci Gloucestrie, comiti Pern- 1438. 
brochie, magno camerario Anglie, nostro protectori graciosissimo. 
Illustrissime princeps, alme Universitatis Oxoniensis protector 

I graciosissime, vestre serenitatis honorandos apices nonas Julii reve- 

, rentissime suscepit unanimis cetus magistrorum regencium et non- 
regencium in eadem : quibus cum omni honore, quo decuit, perlectis, 
quod sine animi merore et luctu cordis referre nequimus, domina- 
cionem vestram, magnificis ostensis beneficiis nobis gratissimam, . 
concepimus fuisse sinistro modo per Universitatis emulos informatam 
de legitimo processu, per nos habito juxta juris exigenciam, contra 
fratrem W. Musilwik, ordinis Augustinensium ; qui nimis enormiter 
contra proprium juramentum privilegia nostra et libertates ausu 
temerario minime violare pertimuit. Sed nunc siquidem speramus 
peritissimam circumspeccionem vestram, per devotorum oratorum 

' litteras humillimas, veritatem materie inchoate et seriem rei geste jam 
plenarie accepisse; et cum rei Veritas in luccm prodeat, tunc mani- 

! festum erit quomodo insurrcxcrunt in ... ^ vestram testes iniqui, et 
mentita est iniquitas sibi ; et quod non minus consulte, precipitacionc 
ve aliqua juslicie nos quovismodo contra dictum fraticm, privilegiorum 

' The rcniaiiKlcr is wanting, MS. A word pailially dhlitcintcJ and illegible 
here, ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nostromm publicum violatorem, preter juris ordinem in aliquo pro- 
cessisse. Quinymo notum satis erit quod, habita matura delibera- 
cione, pene demeritis condigne nullatenus correspondere. Porro 
adhuc, velut pia mater mortem merens degeneris filii, ut redeat 
petiturus veniam delicti prestolatur de die in diem; ut juxta artem 
celestis medici plagis, propria malicia impositis, oleum infundat 
tempore congruo magne misericordie, simul et vinum debite correc- 
cionis. Constat enim nobis de benignissimo affectu quam erga 
nos ^ . » , . 

135- 

?o\. b. 48 b. To the Duke of Gloucester. 

We will remit the penalty inflicted on friar W. Musselwyhe as a personal 
favour to you, not because it was unjust or precipitate. But God does 
not pardon the impenitent, neither can we. The offender therefore must 
come to us and ask pardon for his perjury and manifold offences. Our 
Chancellor has a copy of the terms of the excommunication of Master 
Norres, and also of the lectures delivered by him, which were the cause 
thereof. The case then would have been at once examined and settled, if 
friar W. Musselwyke had not absconded. We call God to witness that 
we are most anxious for the true faith of the church, and to do all we 
can to destroy heresy and schism, and we regret that you have been 
falsely informed as to our conduct in this case, 

1438. Serenissimo principi Humfrido, duel Gloucestrie, domino nostro 
specialissimo et generalissimo protectori. 

Serenissime princeps, noster protector singularissime, et catholice 
fidei Christianissime defensator ; perlectis vestre celsitudinis litteris et 

omni cum reverencia inteilectis ^ 

ut nostram corrigeremus precipitacionem, fratrem W. Musselwyke ad 
gradum pristinum reducendo ; sin autem, arbitraremini non banc illi 
sed vobis illatam injuriam contumeliamque fuisse ; — remittemus utique 
sentenciam nostram, quam in eum juste tulimus, non precipitanter, 
vestri mandati intuitu; dum ta'men ad Universitatem oratricem vestram 
matremque suam, cujus est eundem solvere quem ligavit, obediens 
veniat, pro suis multiplicatis contumaciis perjurii reatu, in violacionem 
privilegiorum et enervacionem statutorum Universitatis, veniam de- 
poscendo. Quoniam nec ipsam Deus in terra reliquit, nec sibi 
retinuit, potestatem ut impenitentem absolvat. Regrediatur igitur 

^ The MS. breaks off here abruptly. ^ A line and a half here completely 

destroyed by erasure, ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



167 



penitens ad matiis ubera, et, vestre suasionis contemplacione, dabitur 
ei pro malediccione benediccio, fas pro nefas, lac pro felle quod contra 
matris sue privilegia propinavit, dum sua presumpcione admirabili 
contra omnia jura, contra Universitatis nostra privilegia, in magistrum 
Philippum Nores, non premonitum, non citatum, sine auctoritate 
I Cancellarii in hac parte sibi collata, precipitanter ac nequiter excom- 
j municacionis sentenciam fulminavit. Super qua transgressione citatus 
I comparere coram Cancellario, in prefixis sibi loco et termino, recusavit, 
I ab Universitate recessit contumaciter, et in eadem contumacia hinc 
I hucusque perseverat. Sane ejus lecturam, cum leccionibus ordinariis 
i dicti Philippi Nores, statim quam primum fuerant in scolis theologicis 
ministrate, noster venerabilis Cancellarius ab utroque eorum per 
doctores sanos et magistros examinandas accepit ; ita ut toti rei geste 
finis felix infra Universitatem fuisset impositus, Deo duce, ut credimus, 
I nisi quod dictus Musselwyke determinacionem sue matns renuens 
I expectare, ab Universitate in tempore regencie sue necessarie raptim 
j et latenter exsiliit: ut sic, quas adversum sue matris exercuit privi- 
legia, palliare possit insanias, et evadere incorrectus ; et preter hoc 
adhuc abest in sui juramenti lesionem. Scit enim Deus, quod ea 
facie universalem matrem nostram ecclesiam semper respicimus, ut 
nec falsum dogma, errorem vel heresim, si que fuerint per unum vel 
alterum seminata, sed et nec scandala hinc et inde exorta sustineremus, 
I defenderemus, pretergrederemur simulatorie ; sed eadem indifferenter 
1 investigaremus, destrueremus, eorumdem seminatores correccionis 
I baculo feriendo. Quam nostram correccionem, si quis fortassis 
' obstinax recusaret, citissime ad tutissimum munimen vestri brachii 
excelsi conflueremus ; quem hucusque certissima experiencia novimus 
nostrum benevolentissimum, immo efFectualissimum, protectorem. 
Profecto et amore et caritate utrumque dictorum doctorum prose-. 
' quimur, ut equi judicis fungentes officio nequaquam verteremus 
; partem dextri lateris in sinistrum, sed utrumque, in quo demeruit, 
i justo judicio feriremus. Primum, mirantes ipsi, presumpcioni per- 
maxime destestamur, qua quispiam, vultu ductus inverecundo, os 
informacionis sinistre in tam illustrissimi principis conspectum contra 
suam oratricem pauperculam adperire ausus est; affirmando earn 
' dictum Musselwyke inconsulte et sentencia precipiti tam a doctoratu 
deposuisse quam ab eodem usum pilii amovisse. Verum a doctoratu 
' non devestivimus eundem, sed propter suam inobedienciam in non 
! parendo citacioni et vocacioni nostri Cancellarii, ad quam vinculo 
astringitur juramenti, eum ab usu pilii suspendimus, quousque Uni- 
versitati paruerit, ut tenetur, et per Universitatem ad usum pilii fuovit 
restiluius. Nec hec, si placcat, princcps metucndissinic, quadam 



i68 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



precipitacione fccimiis; quoniam eum, per diem ante nostram con- 
gregacionem, citatione prevenimus : et, postquam Universitas fuerat 
congregata, frequenter propter eundem ad suum claustrum misimus, 
ipsum legitime expectantes, et responsum, ut videtur, illusorie fabrl- 
catum recepimus ; videlicet eum ab Universitate fuisse egressum, cum 
tamen, prout plenius informamur, in crastino in Universitate a non- 
Fol. 49 a. nullis visus fuerat et compertus. Nescientes igitur penam magis 
congruam, qua sic profugum possemus reducere, dictam sentenciam, 
omissis penis gravioribus, ut excommunicacione et aliis, in eum 
tulimus, ut prefertur. Petimus igitur obnixius vestram inclitissimam 
serenitatem, ut dicti doctores ad matris gremia remittantur, recepturi 
quod justicia suaserit in hac parte; ne vestre oratricis paupercule 
privilegia pereant, et libertates per sui violacionem multiplicem in 
nihilum redigantur. Et ex hinc quidquid vestra serenitas preceperit 
in premissis adimplere conabimur cum effectu. Et vestram sereni- 
tatem in terris dirigat Princeps pacis, ad vestre oratricis munimen 
perpetuum, hujus regni felix regimen et ecclesie catholice defensamen. 
Scriptum ac sigillatum in nostre congregacionis domo, sexto Idus Julii, 
post missam pro desideratissima nobis semper incolumitate vestra, et 
animahus felicis memorie progenitorum vestrorum, in ecdesia Beate 
Marie Virginis per Universitatem regencium solemniier cetebratam. 
Serenitatis vestre oratrix perpetua Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master Wm. Scrivenere. 

1438. Memorandum, quod quartodecimo die mensis Septembris, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo, sigillata fuit 
littera testimonialis sub sigillo et forma communi pro magistro Willelmo 
Screvenere, arcium magistro. 

136. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury and Convocation. 

We are sure you cannot have forgotten our prayer, but are resolved to 
pray and not to faint ; though we wonder that so reasonable a petition 
has not yet been granted. For what is more acceptable to God than to 
improve and maintain the true faith and worship, and expel heresy and 
idolatry, by the advancement of learning and promotion of learned clergy. 
Unless the many learned me7t^ who now languish here in poverty until old 
age, meet with some reward for their labours, there will be an end of our 
prosperity, and of the pursuit of literature. We earnestly entreat you to 
promote graduates ; our Chancellor will give you details. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



169 



Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 1438* 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie pi imati, ac apostolice 
sedis legato obedienciam filialem, ceterisque venerabilibus patribus ac 
dominis nostris, in convocacione cleri existentibus, reverenciam et 
honorem. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, pieces alias vobis 
ceterisque patribus ac dominis nostris in sancta ac percelebri con- 
vocacione vestra ab Universitate matre nostra in filiorum suorum 
promocionem humillime fusas, plurimum licet temporis emensum 
j citra fuerit, nequaquam tamen de memoria vestra excidisse confidimus. 
Verum Deus ac Salvator noster, semel tantum pulsatus, discipulis 
admirantibus sese ad audiendum difficilem prebuit, sed iterum atque 
iierum rogatus eosdem tandem clementer audivit. Sic, sic revera, 
nec mediocriter admirantes, patres, — pensata, semper summa equitate 
necnon justicia, racione, pro qua alias preces quam devotissime 
fudimus, — cur in hodiernum diem minime exauditi sumus, apud aures 
' pietatis vestre iterum atque iterum elargimus; preces precibus addimus, 
ut vel jam tandem, sicut veri Dei emulatores, nos exaudire dignemini, 
matrique nostre cadenti succurrere. Expectamus enim semper querulo 
atque anelo spiritu si quando veniat consolacio a vobis ; quam non 
ambigimus consequi, si, in exaudiendo votum nostrum, quam gratum 
Deo sacrificium ofFeretis intellexeritis. Quid enim, ut de multis 
, sileatis, omnipotenti Domino est accepcius, quam id augere, unde cultus 
unius Dei ortodoxaque fides indies magis ac magis in populo Christiano 
accrescat, idolatria necnon hereses procul a fidelium mentibus expel- 
' lantur ? Quid omnium Opifici gracius, quam facultates atque sciencias 
colere, sine quibus eciam homines bestiis comparantur ? Que omnia 
nimirum feceritis, si, quod et cuique bono viro semper debet esse 
maximi, et vobis eciam patribus cordi fuerit, salus ac prosperitas- 
studiorum nostrorum. Quibus, nisi quam propere succurrere festi- 
{ netis, quod sine planctu dicere non possumus, acta sane sunt. Egre 
I ferre, patres, debetis nonnullos adeo doctos atque litteratos viros, quos 
I fama est apud nos esse, quasi oblitos ac derelictos intueri, ac sine 
\ aliqua studii mercede usque in senectam et senium vivere. Qua- 
I propter, piissimi patres,' obnixius quo valemus exoramus ac pctimus, 
sicut et alias vobis fecimus grates, ad effectualem graduatorum pro- 
mocionem oculos misericordie vestre convertere dignemini ; meritas, 
si hoc feceritis, a Deo gracias recepturi. Nulhun siquidem ad 
splendorem seu gloriam nominis vestri opus majus, ncc majori opere 
unquam vel grandiori premio dignum, facere valebitis. Nonnulla alia, 
que nunc temporis dicere fas non est, scripsissemus, si non jam salis 
patcrnitatcs vcsLras, per priores litlcras nostras, doclas, ampliustiuc per 



170 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



venerabilem Cancellarium nostrum docendas, crederemus. Cui fidem, 
humillime quesumus, adhibere dignemini in dicendis. Et reveren- 
dissimum cetum vestrum, ad laudem et gloriam ecclesie sue sancte, 
conservet Sponsus ejus Jesus Christus. Scripium Oxonie in nosire 
congregacionis domo, iercio Idas Octohris. 

Fol. 49 b. Letter * supplicatory ' for Master W. Thrope. 

1438. Memorandum, quod quarto decimo die mensis Octobris, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo, sigillata fuit 
littera supplicatoria sub sigillo et forma communi pro magistro Waltero 
Thrope, arcium magistro. 

Four Masters appointed to act as agents at York for 
promotion of Graduates. 

1438. Memorandum, quod tercio decimo die mensis Novembris, sigillata 
fuit una littera procuratoria directa magistro Johanni Castell, magistro 
Johanni Kexby, et magistro R. Dobbys, et magistro R. Thorntone 
exeuntibus in civitatem Eboracensem pro promocione graduatorum 
expedienda. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1438. Item, septimo die Decembris, anno regni regis Henrici sexti septimo- 
decimo, sigillata est una acquietancia Abbati et conventui de Eynysham, 
de annua pensione sedecim solidorum debita Universitati per eosdem, 
propter depascendos pauperes scolares in die S. Nicholai eodem anno. 

Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1438. Memorandum, quod undecimo die mensis Decembris, anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti septimo decimo, sigillate fuerunt due acquietancia; 
una Abbati et conventui de Enysham, pro annua pensione viginti sex 
solidorum debita Universitati in festo omnium Sanctorum; alia Abbati 
et conventui de Oseynea, pro annua pensione viginti sex solidorum 
octo denariorum debita Universitati in festo S. Nicholai. 



137- 

Testimonial letter for Master Ramund de Lauda. 

1438. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littera 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in Eo qui est omnium vera 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



171 



salus. Cum eterni Patris Filio, quern Beate Marie virginis viscera 
, portaverunt, credimus complacere quociens veritati testimonium per- 
hibemus ; hinc est quod super mora et graduacione in dicta nostra 
Universitate venerabilis viri magistri Ramundi de Lauda, sacre pagine 
doctoris, omnes quorum interest cerciorare volentes, per has nostras 
litteras attestamur, quod idem magister Ramundus extitit graduatus 
inter nos in sacra pagina, secundum consuetudines laudabiles dicte 
Universitatis. Et\ ut super prefata graduacione dicti magistri 
I Ramundi omnibus plenius innotescat, has nostras litteras testimoniales 
sigillo communi nostre Universitatis predicte fecimus consignari. 
' Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, septimo die mensis Januarii, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo. 

Indenture between the Chancellor and Proctors and 
Master Robert ffeder, Fellow of the Queen's Hall. 

Hec indentura, facta inter magistrum Johannem Carpenter, Cancel- 1438. 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, magistros Willelmum Selby et Ro- 
bertum fflemyng, procuratores Universitatis ex parte una, et magistrum 
Robertum ffeder, socium aule Regine in Oxonia, ex parte altera 
testatur; quod quamvis predictus Robertus ffeder obligetur prefatis 
, Cancellario et procuratoribus et eorum successoribus in viginti sex 
solidis et octo denariis sterlingorum — velut in quodam scripto obliga- 
torio inde confecto plenius continetur, cujus datum est vicesimo quarto 
die Januarii anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum septimo- 
I decimo — volunt tamen predictus Cancellarius et procuratores, pro se 
et suis successoribus quibuscunque, quod si contingat predictum 
magistrum Robertum ad tale beneficium promoveri, propter quod ex 
statutis dicte aule teneatur ipsam aulam dimittere, ex tunc teneatur 
solvere prefatis Cancellario et procuratoribus et eorum successoribus,- 
qui pro tempore fuerint, viginti et sex solidos et octo denarios 
sterlingorum predictos, infra spacium quatuor annorum proxime 
' sequencium promocionem predicti magistri Roberti : videlicet in quo- 
] libet anno predictorum quatuor annorum sex solidos et octo denarios ; 
i et extunc predictum scriptum obligatorium pro nullo habealur, sin 
I autem, in suo robore permaneat et virtute. In cujus rei &c. Datum 
vicesimo sexto die Januarii^ anno regni regis Henrici -exti post con- 
questum decimo septimo. 

Acquittance of Master Robert ffeder. Pol. 50 a. 

Item, eodem die sigillata est una acquictancia sub hac forma : 1438. 
Noverint universi per presentes nos, magistrum Johannem Cari)enlcr, 
* Et omitted in MS. 



172 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Canccllarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, magistros Willelmum Selby et 
Robeilum fflemyng, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, lemisisse, 
rclaxasse et omnino, pro nobis et successoribus nostris quibuscunque, 
pro nomine dicte Universitatis in perpetuum quietum clamasse magistro 
Roberto ffeder, socio aule Regine in Oxonia, omnimodas acciones 
reales et personales, querelas, sectas, transgressa, et demandas, cujus- 
cunque fuerint nature, accionis vel condicionis, nobis et dicte Uni- 
versitati versus ipsum magistrum Robertum quovismodo competentes, 
a principio mundi usque in diem confeccionis presencium. In cujus 
rei testimonium &c. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo 
vicesimo tercio die Januarii, anno regni regis Henvici sexti post con- 
questum decimo septimo Sfc. 

Note that the Testimonial letter for Master R. de Lauda 
relates only to his academical degree. 

1438. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tri- 
cesimo octavo, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo 
septimo, sigillata erat una littera testimonialis [pro magistro R. de lauda 
fratre ordinis predicatorum] ^ sub sigillo et forma concernente gradum 
dumtaxat. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1438. Memorandum, quod undecimo die Februarii, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo, sigillata est una acquietancia Abbati 
et conventui de Eynesham sub sigillo communi Universitatis pro viginti 
sex solidis, pro communa burgensium ville Oxonie. 

138. 

To the Bishop of Durham. 

Our Chancellor having resigned^ we have elected in his room Master 
John Norton your Chancellor, we beg therefore that you will send him 
to undertake this most necessary office. The rulers of every community 
are of divine appointment, and are as necessary to the body politic as is 
the head to the natural body. For this we have the warrant of scripture 
in the example of Moses appointing the seventy, and of heathen wisdom 
in the words of Solon. 

1438. Reverendissimo in Christo patri ac domino. Domino Roberto, Dei 
gracia Dunelmensi episcopo, domino nostro gracioso. 

^ The words within brackets are added on the margin of the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



173 



Reverendissime in Chri>to nater et domine, eas primum quas 
debemus et valemus reverencias animo quam devotissimo paternitati 
j vestre ofFerimus cum honore. Creator et Conditor omnium Deus, 
i Cujus tanta est virtus tamque immensa potencia, ut ad ea que creata 
et condita sint feliciter administranda necnon regenda exteriori non 
I eget auxilio ; sed Ipse per se solus sufficiat ex abundancia tantam 
j bonitatis sue, — non ob suum sed nostrum, qui sensuales sumus, de- 
i fectum, et cognitis et sensibilibus, magis quam ignotis et a sensu 
\ elongatis, movemur exemplis, — duces ac rectores in singulis civitatibus 
communitatibus et populis, ad rempublicam sub felicissimis policiis et 
legibus sanctissimis, velut quibusdam sensibilibus regulis gubernandam 
constitutos voluit : ut quemadmodum Ipse toti regendo presidet orbi, 
ita et hi urbibus et civitatibus, ad componendos mores hominum 
feroces ac bestiales eorum affectus cohercendos. presiderent. Sic et 
i Moyses sapientissimus. licet Isiaeliti populo dux solus a Deo factus 
" esset, sub se tamen judices, gubernatores ac duces, qui vices suas in 
• minoribus exequi possent, Jetro soceri sui consilio, non pauco numero 
j crdinavit. Equaliter enim opus est bono principe ac rectore in corpore 
! et capite inorganico ; sicut profecto, capite bene se habente, corpus 
i humanum membraqiie singula recte disponuntur: ita et sub bono 
j atque optimo principe, et in privatis et publicis communitatibus. res- 
j publica rectissime semper et justissime gubernatur. Pariter enim cum 
I bono principe omnia bona succedunt, et amor, amicicia, pax, Con- 
cordia: que res cuilibet communitati ac civitati quam sint necessarie 
Solonem, Apollinis oraculo unum de septem sapientissimis judicatum, 
j testem facimus. Qui has res ita magnificavit ut eas omnium rerum 
creatrices et conditrices diceret, nec mundum ipsum, seu uliam civi- 
I tatem aut villulam aliquam, constare posse, vel homines socialiter et 
i civiliter vivere, nisi pace quadam, amicicia et concordia colligati essent. 
j Nos igitur, clementi^^sime pater, tanquam vere pacis et concordie filii, 
I matrem nostram Universitatem per liberam resignacionem venerabilis 
I viri magistri Johannis Carpenter, ultimo Cancellarii ejusdem, tercio- 
decimo die Februarii in congregacione regencium factam. considerantes 
sponso suo viduatam ; attendentes insuper quod dictum est, quod 
civitas videHcet aut comniunitas diu sine capite, sine rectore et duce 
t stare et florere nequit ; qualeque ac quantum dispendium ac preci- 
' picium, deficiente seu absente pastore, gregi suo immincat ; ejusdem 
mensis die vicesimo septimo, congregacione facta, dilectum vobis in 
Christo filium ac familiarem, circumspectum, maturum, doctum ac 
litteratum virum, magistrum Johanncm Norton, cancellarium vestrum, 
nobis in Cancellarium, matri nostre Universitati in sponsum. gregi 
periclitanti in pasiorem et ducem elegimus ntque i>refocimus: virum 



174 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



per omnia, ut speramus, Deo placabilem, nobis utilem, et sub brachio 
ac tutela dominacionis vestre statutorum, consuetudinum, privilegiorum 
et libertatum nostrorum defensorem futurum fortissimum. Paterni- 
tatem igitur vestram obsecramus in Domino, ut pastorem ad ovile, 
cultorem ad vineam, sponsum ad sponsam suam mittere dignemini; 
illud intime considerantes, quam gratam Deo et toti Universitati rem 
desiderabilem feceritis, si hujus nostre peticionis graciosus ^ exauditor 
fueritis. Qua in re eciam vobis et laudem et gloriam quam maximam 
comparabitis. Et paternitatem vesiram ad exaltacionem et gloriam 
ecclesie sue, honoremque Universitatis matris nostre diu felicitet 
utriusque vinee Cultor Jesus Christus. Scriptum Oxonie Kalendis 
Marcus. Vestre paternitatis perpetua oratrix Universitas studii 
Oxoniensis. 

139- 

Fol. 50 b. To the Bishop of Exeter. 

By your favour to Master Snetesham you have conferred a benefit 
upon us all. He is a man of excellent learning and morals ; and great 
humility, and at the same time an indefatigable preacher ; in all respects 
deserving of promotion. 

1438. Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Edmundo, Dei 
gracia episcopo Exoniensi vestre paternitatis oratrix Universitas 
Oxoniensis. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, omnimodas reverencias cum 
honore. Quia fidedigna relacionis fama nostras delegavit ad aures, 
quanta gratuita et bene merita vestre paternitatis insignia carissimo 
confratri nostro, magistro Johanni Snetesham, sacre theologie egregio 
professori, contulit liberalitas vestri cordis ; hec vivaci contemplantes 
memoria, ad reddendas, si quas valemus, graciarum acciones non 
immerito excitamur ; quas dominacioni vestre totis visceribus immo- 
lamus ; philosophico recensentes ex dicto, hoc tocius pertinere ad 
integritatem quod uni sue parti impenditur ad profectum. O quam 
felix vestre paternitatis intencio felicissimaque execucio, quum vinim 
tam excellentis sciencie, conversacionis honeste et humilitatis speculum 
solidissimum, sonoramque sancte predicacionis tubam, que minime in 
ostendendo plebi sua scelera raucescit, ecclesiasticum ad honorem 
erigi decrevistis ! Eciam ad plura alia nostre Universitatis membra 
sancte pietatis ^ vestre pietas continue sue gracie ymbres distillare non 
cessavit, ad ejusdem nostre matris honorem et gaudium ineffabile: 

1 afque graciosus MS. ^ An error for paternitatis, no doubt. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



175 



pro quibus el similibus firmissime tenemus memoriale laudis preconium 
vos apud Deum et homines invenisse^. Graciosam dominacionis 
vestre continuacionem ad nos vestros humiles filios, ut ante sic in 
postemm, obsecramus in visceribus caritatis. Et reverenda vestra 
paternitas inter sanctos antistites in felicitate plena finaliter premietur. 
Scripium Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Marcii die 
quarto. 

Testimonial letters issued for Master Michael Tregorre 
and Master John Tenys. 

Memorandum, quod tercio decimo die Februarii, anno Domini 1438. 
millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo, sigillata fuit una littera 
testimonialis, sub sigillo et forma communi, pro Magistro Michaele 
Tregorre, arcium magistro et baccallario theologie. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo septimo die mensis Marcii, anno i439- 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo nono, sigillata erat 
littera testimonialis, sub sigillo et forma communi, pro magistro 
Johanne Tenys arcium magistro. 

Letter * supplicatory * for Master John Tenys. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo octavo die mensis Marcii, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo octavo ^, sigillata erat una littera 
i supplicatoria pro magistro J. Tenys, sub sigillo et forma communi. 

Bequest to the Celtone chest received. 

Memorandum, quod tercio decimo die mensis Maij, magister Willel- i439' 
mus Hastyng et magister Thomas Bartelotte, custodes ciste de Celtone, ' 
receperunt de Johanne West et Willelmo Pygworth, executoiibus ma- 
gistri Ricardi Collyng, quondam socii aule Balliol, decem solidos 
sterlingorum legatos dicte ciste &c. 

Acquittance of guardians of the old University Chest. 

Memorandum, quod tercio die Julii, anno Domini miiiesimo quad- i439' 
Iringentesimo tricesimo nono, sigillata erat una acquietancia pro magis- 
tris Johanne Blakman et Johanne Segden, custodibus ciste antique 
jUniversitatis. 

^ This word alone is uncertain ; the passage is evidently confused as usual by 
the scribe. ^ Apparently an error for nono ; see prec, Mem. 



176 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

Payment of debt to the University by Guardians of 
the old University Chest. 
1439. Memorandum, quod quarto die Julii, anno proxime suprascripto 
receperunt magistri Willelmus Orell et Johannes Wylley, procuratore; , 
Universitads, septem libras in auro, de magistris Johanne Bawman ei 
Johanne Segden, custodibus antique ciste Universitads, in partercj: 
solucionis decern librarum debitarum per eandem cistam Universitati. '! 

Fol 51a Testimonial letter for Master Walter Wynall. 

j^gg Memorandum, quod sexto die Julii, anno Domini millesimo quadrin- 
gentesimo tricesimo nono, sigillata fuit una littera testimonialis, sub ; 
sigillo et forma communibus, pro magistro Waltero Wynall sacre \ 
theologie professore. f 

■ «i 

140. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Lord Chancellor. f 

We are informed that one Master W. J^oke, a ?nember of this Uni- [ 
versity and Principal of Greek Hall, is bringing a case before you to j 
be tried^ we beg you therefore to send the same back to us to be tried in \ 
our Chancellor s cou^t ; according to our privileges, which all our ' 
members are bound by their oath to maintain. 

1439. Reverendo in Christo patri et domino ncstro. Domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia episcopo Wyllensi et Batoniensi ac Anglie Cancellario. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, nostri studii splendor pariter 
et protector indeficiens, de cujus benevolis radiis illustramur continue, 
reverencias tanto domino debitas cum honore. Quociens nobis oc- 
currit necessitudinis materia, summa confidencia ad paternitatem ves- 
tram, inflexibilem nostre Universitatis columpnam, recurrimus, auxilia 
et remedia recepturi. Cum enim ex tenore et vigore cujusdam privi- 
legii, nobis ad quietem nostrorum studencium concessi, ad quos omnes 
et singuli inter nos graduati, vinculo suorum juramentorum, sunt 
firmiter astricti; quod, si altera pars scolaris fuerit, quevis causa 
personalis, suam habens originem in nostra Universitate, inter nos in 
eadem ventilari debeat et finiri — prout in cartis regiis et earum con- 
firmacionibus inde nobis factis liquet manifeste — et jam quedam 
causa, mota inter Johannem Hyltone, nuper nostre Universitatis 
scolarem, et Willelmum Koke in utroque jure bacallarium, principalem 
aule Grece, trahitur per dictum Johannem, ut informamur, coram 
paternitate vestra terminanda, contra tenorem dictorum nostrorum 
privilegiorum : — Quocirca humili cervice deprecamur unanimiter, 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



177 



quatenus graciose cum favore remittere dignemini die tarn causam inter 
nos in eadem Universitate secundum tenorem nostrorum privilegiorum, 
ut prefertur, sicut consuevimus, terminandam. Firmissime enim tene- 
mus paternitatem vestram nostra privilegia, laudabiles consuetudines et 
statuta velle tueri, nec pati penitus violari. Paternitatem vestram, 
nostris impressam devocionibus, ad ecclesie et cleri et regni decorem 
et munimentum, preservat incolumem cuncta Potens. Scriptum Oxonie 
in nos/re congregacionis do mo, Angus ti die quiiito, 

141. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. Fol. 51 b. 

We have received your ever memorahle gift of one hundred and twenty 
volumes. Since the foundation of tJiis University no prince or kiiig lias 
made so sptendid a donation. The effect thereof will be to give light aiid 
life, warmth and nourishment to our studies, hitherto but dead and cold. 
The students flocking to us from every part of the world will Jiow find 
the needful food and stimulus for their minds. Such a gift is worthy of 
your wisdom and learning ; by which, no less than by your military 
renown, the kingdom is made illustrious ; and it will be an eve?'lasting 
monument of your fame, fulius Caesar founded a library at Rome to 
preserve by books the fame of his conquest of the world, when human 
?nemory should fail: we, however, while we live, will do our best to keep 
in memory your noble benefaction, by binding ourselves and our successors 
to celebrate a mass for your soul both now and after your death for ever. 

\ Serenissimo principi et domino, Domino Humfrido, duci ^ Gloucestrie, 1439. 
! comiti Pembrochie, magno camerario Anglie, nostro graciosissimo pro- 
tector i. 

Serenissime atque iUustrissime princeps, excellentissimum cunctisque 
non immerito seculis celcitudinis vestre munus quam maxime recolen- 
dum, — centum videlicet atque viginti volumina, per ejusdem celsi- 
tudinis vestre dilectos et preclaros nuncios Gilbertum Kymere doctorem 
j et medicum peritissimum, et Radulphum Drewe utriusque juris bacca- 
larium, vicesimo die mensis jam instanlis ad nos presentata, — omni 
qua decuit veneracione suscepimus. Quod itaque dignissimum munus, 
inclitissime princeps, in quantum nobis et cessit et cedit indies solacium 
facile intelligi non potest; cum citra felicissime memorie Alurcdum 
rcgem, hujus alme Universitatis matris nostra fundalorem, nullum 
retroacta etate regum aut principum tantum, tam amplum, tamquo 
magnificum reminiscamur nobis beneficium contulisse. Quidquid cnim 

' iiucc MS. 
N 



178 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



serioris etatis reges ac principes, incliti progenitores vestri, ad ipsam ' 
Universitatem augendam atque amplificandam operis seu laboris im- ! 
penderint, respectu tamen clarissimorum donorum vestromm totum 
id modicum satis visum est. Priori enim tempore et ante ipsam \ 
graciosissimam visitacionem vestram, quam haut dubium est ab alto 
processisse, Universitas nostra sine dubio fuerat velut corpus exanime, 
lucerna sine lumine, fons sine aqua et mundus sine sole ; que jam 
benignissima inspiracione vestra corpus vitale effecta est, lucerna ■ 
clarissimo lumine, et quod nunquam extinguetur irradians, fons aquis 
vivificis ad studencium animos consolandos exhuberans, et mundus 
splendidissimo sole, qui utique baud unquam patietur eclipsim studio- j' 
rum, mentes illustrans ; cum ex singulis mundi partibus ad banc almam A, 
Universitatem studii gracia confluentes, quod ipsos vivificet, fecundet, ;J 
illustret, illic ' jam cum summa liberalitate jam et facilitate maxima \ 
invenire valebunt. Et hoc est revera, gloriosissime princeps, quod f 
maxime decuit serenitatem vestram — cujus tanta est virtutis, sapiencie " 
et sciencie magnitudo, quod regnum hoc inclitum nostrum non ea | 
minus quam bellorum gloria sublimetur; nec usquam hujus florentis- ^, 
simi regni fama Celebris existit nisi et quo nomen tanti principis \ 
veneratione^ maxima colitur: — non mortalia seu transitoria sed vera 
pocius atque eterna, omnibusque nacionibus loquencia et in omnem ' 
patriam pergencia monumenta relinquere. Que sane monumenta 
relicta sunt tot, supple, preclara ac preciosa volumina apud nos 
perpetuis futuris temporibus expectare debencia, que etsi lingua j 
hominum defecerunt, tanti tamque gloriosi principis famam nunquam j 
abscondent. Unde et Julius Cesar orbe subacto parum nimis sese \ 
egisse visus est, nisi et bibliothecam Rome construeret ; ut si nominis \ 
viriumque suarum famam per temporis longitudinem ab hominum I 
mentibus labi contingeret, ipsis tamen libris et membraneis ^ recens 
semper perduret. Quod cum hujusmodi apud nos fueritis qualis ipse \ 
Julius apud Romanos fuerat, id ipsumque per omnia nobis beneficium 
contuleritis ; si ullo unquam tempore, quod absit, celsitudinem vestram 
oblitum esse vellemus, ipsa tamen librorum ac voluminum recentissima 
monumenta apud nos continue perseverabunt Veruntamen utcunque 
valemus, et nobis successoribusque nostris ejus rei memoriam impri- } 
mamus, pro temporalibus beneficiis ipsa que possumus spiritualia 
suffragia rependentes, ad unam missam perpetuis futuris temporibus ' 
pro anime vestre salutem tam in vita quam in morte per Universitatem ' 
decantandam, ipsam Universitatem firmissima obligacione astrinximus. 
Statuta insuper varia pro firma et perpetua custodia ipsorum volu- [ 

^ illuc MS. ^ veneratiofiis ib. ^ memhrariis ib. * prosever- ib. ; word 
partially lost. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



179 



minum librorumque confecimus. Que omnia per dictum preclarum 
virum, clericum nunciumque vestrum specialem, Radulphum Drewe, 
vestri celsitudini destinamus: cui fidem adhibere dignetur vestra 
graciosissima dominacio, humiliter quesumus, in dicendis. Et sereni- 
tatem vestram ad perpetuam regni ac studii nostri gloriam Dominus 
feliciter conservet. Vestre serenitatis humillima oratrix Universitas 
Oxoniensis \ 



Indenture between the Duke of Gloucester and the 
University, 

Whereby ihe latter acJinowledges the receipt of one hundred and twenty 
volumes from the hands of his messengers, master Gilbert Kymer and 
master Ralph Drewe; as also the receipt of other nine volumes 
previously^ from the hands of other special messengers. 

Hec indentura, facta Oxonie vicesimo quinto die mensis Novembris, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo nono, et anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo octavo, inter 
serenissimum et illustrissimum principem et dominum inclitissimum, 
Dominum Humfridum, regum filium, fratrem et patruum, ducem 
Gloucestrie, comitem Pembrochie et magnum camerarium Anglie ex 
una parte; ac suam humillimam et perpetuam oratricem Universitatem 
Oxoniensem ex parte altera ; testatur, quod dicta Universitas de summa 
et magnificentissima liberalitate predicti inclitissimi principis centum 
et viginti volumina, per dilectos et speciales nuncios suos, magistrum 
Gilbertum Kymere, medicinarum doctorem, et Radulphum Drewe, 
utriusque juris baccalarium, ad ipsam Universitatem destinata recepit ; 
necnon et novem alia volumina per eundem cerenissimum principem, 
per alios prius nuncios suos, ad eandem Universitatem transmissa; 
quorum utique voluminum nomina, cum iniciis secundorum foliorum, 
inferius ad perpetuam rei memoriam ^ describuntur 

Inprimis, prima pars Nicholai de lira . secundo folio tnr earn. 
Item, secunda pars ejusdem 
Item, tercia pars ejusdem . 



Fol. 52 a. 



Item, prima pars diccionarii 
Item, secunda pars ejusdem 
Item, tercia pars ejusdem 
Item, quarta pars ejusdem 
Item, biblia 

Item, concordantia biblie . 

^ There is <in infrascription, verbal 
letter, in the MS. 



renieiiionain ib. 

N 2 



iste cum ^. 
cionis in. 
similia. 
de statu, 
pro eo. 
subintrare. 
puerilia. 
de abisso. 



m us the snprasciiption, in the case of this 
^ or tainen ib. 



H39- 



i8o 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



Item, Eusebius * /;; ecclesiastica his- 

toria' cum Beda ^ De geslis Aft- 

g/oriim' ... 
Item, Tripariita historia . 
Item, Beda ' Super actus Aposiolorum ' 
Item, opus Gilbert! Poretani 'Super 

Cantica canticoj'um ' . . . 
Item, Ricardus de Sancto Victore 
Item, Origenes ' Super lihrum Numert' 
liem, ' Psalierium glosaium' 
Item, Johannes Derror ^ Super his- 

toriam scripture ' . 
Item, Musca 'Super Cantica canti- 

corum ' ..... 
Item, Prima pars ^ Pantheologi' 
Item, secunda pars ejusdem 
Item, ' Consolaciones theologie' Jo- 

hannis de Cambaco 
Item, Flores certorum librorum Augus- 

tini 

Item, Prima pars Petri Damiani 

Item, Secunda pars ejusdem 

Item, Franciscus ' Be vita solitaria ' . 

Item, Beda ' De temporihus ' 

Item, Tabula super diversos libros 

Augustini . . . . . 
Item, Epistole Cassiodori . . . 
Item, Epistole Augustini . 
Item, Epistole Hieronymi . 
Item, Epistole Ambrosii . 
Item, Petrus de Vineis, et Epistole 

Petri Blesensis . . . . 
Item, ' Tabula originalium ' 
Item, Epistole Cypriane . 
Item, Questiones theologie ' . 
Fol. 52 b. Item, Athanasius ' De Trinitate ' 

Item, Augustinus ' De sermone Domini 

in monte' . . . . . 
Item, Lactantius ' Divinarum institu- 

cionum 

Item, Liber Juliani episcopi ^De origine 
mortis humane ' . 



secundo folio candidi. 



5) 


amme. 


}> 


Pauli. 


5J 


tes. 


>> 


tll'C II'l'U * 




persequehatur 


J> 


sequitur. 


J) 


i:iora. 




cognacionem. 


J> 


desederiorum. 


J) 


ianquam. 


3J 


repugnacio. 


>> 


et non. 


3J 


procedere. 


>» 


ejus. 


5> 


ut frugum. 


>) 


ciati. 


)> 


UitUU' H/flUi . 


>> 


nrtiutn nnrpf 


JJ 


gente. 


3> 


immo. 


>? 


tmusquisque. 


>? 


quibus. 


J? 


accedere. 


}) 


bene. 


a 


-telligenciis. 




unus bonus. 




-titudinem. 


>j 


cacodicendi. 




est alterne. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



i8i 



Item, Seneca ' De causis ' . 

Item, Liber * De exiraccione sermonum ' 
cum dictis Lincoln. 

Item, Cato moralizatus 

Item, Liber Aristotelis * De anima' 
cum commento, et Averoisi ' Super 
Etica ' 

\itm, U^Qx ' Eiicorum' 

Item, ' Policraticon ' ... 

Item, Isidorus ' In Ethimologiis ' 

Item, Franciscus * Rcruni memoran^ 
darum ' . . . . « 

Item, Liber Platonis .... 

Item, 'Eiica' Aristotelis traducta per 
Leonarduin Aleatinum . 

Item, 'Politeca Aristotelis traducta per 
eundem ..... 

Item, Seneca ' De hrevitate vite * 

Item, Franciscus ' De remediis fortui- 
toriim' . . . . . 

Item, Tullius ' De officiis ' . 

Item, Libri Galieni . . 

Item, ' Compendium medicine ' se- 
cundum Gilbertium 

Item, Exposicio super afforismos 
Ypocratis ..... 

Item, Liber afforismorum . 

Item, Exposicio super ariem medicine 

Item, Bernardus ' De urinis ' 

Item, Alexander Gerosophista .. 

Item, Galenus ' De elemeniis ' 

Item, Tercius et quinlus liber canonum 
Avicenne ..... 

Item, Vincencius * Super libros Ypo- 
cratis' . . ... 

Item, Constantinus 'in PaniegnV 

Item, ^ Liliiim'' Bernardi de Gordonio 

Item, Petrus Hispanus ' De pulsibus ' . 

Item, Egidius ' De urinis'' cum Arte 
Medicine . . . . . 

Item, Haly Abbas ' De disposicionc 
re^^ali ' 



secundo folio -nombris, 

„ nunquani. 

„ tercio. 

„ telligiitir. 

„ canit hos. 

exercentes. 

,, in alter 0. 

,, annis. 

„ ex quo. 

„ Omerus. 

„ inicium rerum. 

,, quae eat. 

„ excmpla. 

„ placet. 

,, bene carnosum. 

„ max i me. 

„ corpus. 

„ Thomam. 

„ quod sumitur. 

„ -venie. 

„ libris. 

„ aliquid cujus. 

„ contingat. 

in ?nente. 

„ egritudiiicin. 

„ pilantibus, 

,, ovincs. 

,, rupcrar, 

'dit cciam. 



i82 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



Item, Serapion ' De simplicibus medi- 






cinis ' 


secundo folio 


incisio. 


Item, ' Collectarium ' Averoise . 




dum sint. 


Item, Serapion ' In practica ' 


)> 


et stercorum. 


Item, Ra,sis ^ Ad A Imasorem' . 




tribuunt. 


Item, ' Cirurgigia ' Brunii 


)j 


si autem. 


Item, Bartholomeus ' In practica ' 


3 J 


soleat. 


Item, Isaac ' De fehrihus ' . 


JJ 


re tacuisti. 


Item, Gerardus ' Super viaticum ' 




istorum. 


Item, ' Passionarium ' Theodosii pres- 






biteri 


)> 


ad arcam. 


Item, ^ Exposicio super nono Almazoris' 


J) 


si. 


Item, Gerardus ^ De modo medendi' . 




fades. 


Item, Liber medicine 


33 


pipere. 


Item, Mesne ' De simplicibus et com- 






positis' ..... 


' JJ 


amari. 


Item, Platearius ' De simplicibus ' 


» 


dentur. 


Item, Willelmus de Saliceto vel Pla- 






cencia 


33 


cum assignat. 


Item, Plinius * De naturis rerum ' 


JJ 


quem. 


Item, Liber philosophorum Aristotelis 






condict ^ 


J3 


Democritus, 


Item, ^ Aphorismi^ Ursonis cum com- 






mento ...... 


33 


potencialium. 


Item, ' Tabula ' Belingam . 


33 


materia. 


Item, Aristotelis ' De mundo ' 


JJ 


Hercules. 


Item, ' Questiones super diver sos libros 






fnedicine' ..... 


)3 


modo. 


Item, Avicenna et Albertus ' In diversis 






philosophie contentis ' . . , 


J) 


compositis. 


Item, ' Compendium philosophie'' 


33 


qui continet. 


Item, Albertus ^ Super libros'^ metheor' 


55 


sicut ee. 


Item, Albertus ' De animalibus ' 


3 3 


latine. 


Item, Metaphisica Avicenne 


33 


naturalia. 


Item, Tragedie Senece . , 




ferax. 


Item, Liber Alfragani et Alicen 


35 


et lunam. 


Item, Bacon ' De celo et mundo ' 


5J 


quia in qualibet. 


Item, Haly Abenragel 


JJ 


per hanc. 


Item, Idem in secunda parte de eisdeni 


5J 


quod mulier. 


Item, Egidius ' De Cometis ' 


33 


alii ^. 


* This word is so ambiguous that it may be 


almost anything 


^ libronini MS= 



■teriit is erased; but faintly, before alii ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Item, Zael * De judiciis astroriun ' 
Item, Albamazar ^ lit viagno Intro- 

ductorio^ . . . . . 
Item, Tabula medie conjunccionis solis 

et lune 

Item, Liber astronomic cum diversis 

tabulis 

Item, Zael ' De vita hominis ' 

Item, Liber AlmagesH 

Item, Liber * 7%^-^^/' 

Item, ^ Summa astronomie Aschyndone 

Item, ' Tripertitum ' Tholomei . 

Item, Tabula ' De motibus planetarum ' 

Item, ^ Patiagericon' Porphyrii . 

Item, Oraciones Tullii 

Item, Epistole Nicholai de Clemengiis 

Item, Opera viginti duo Tullii in 

magno volumine . 
Item, Epistole Tullii ' ad Qidntum 

fratrem' .... 
Item, ' Belluvi Troje cum secretis secre- 

iorum'' . . . 
Item, Epistole Collusii 
Item, Epistole Tullii ^familiares ' 
Item, Quinctilianus ^ De institucione 

oratoris' .... 
Item, Macrobius ' Saturnalium ' 
Item, ' Verrine^ Ciceronis et 'Phi 

lippica ' ejusdem . 
Item, ' Rhetoric a' Tullii . 
Item, Boccasius ' De genealogia 

Deorum gentilium ^ ' 
Item, Glosarius 

Item, Apulius ' De asino aiireo' . 
Item, * Catholicon ' Januensis 
Item, Priscianus in majoii ^ 
Item, Aulius Gellius ' Noccitm Aiti 
carum 

Item, Exposicio super Valerium Maxi 



secundo folio -teriit. 



quin. 



rcncolo'Ae MS. 



equalem. 

ciclus. 

aspiciebat. 

logicum. 

magnorum. 

nubes. 

comprehensorum. 
sinistra, 
hac pagina. 
aut quelibet. 
-stodia. 

additus. 

persuasim. 

ejus. 

captus. 

nactus, 

rei. 

quippe. 

ifi judicium, 
si res. 

hu??ieris. 

arbitrari. 

proclivis. 

-iotatur. 

geucralibus. 

Teofrastus. 

ibi. 



'intilis ib 



^ Pi is. in nuirK ib. 



i84 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



In quorum omnium fidem et testimonium sigillum commune Uni- 
versitalis predicte presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in nostrt 
congregacionis domo, die et anno mpradictis ^. 

142. 

Fol. 53 b. To the Speaker, Knights, and Burgesses of Parliament, 

To oure ryght worshypfull syres, the Speker, Knygthes and hurges of 
this worshypfiitl parliment of oure sovereyn lorde Kyng. 
I439* Ryght worshypfull syres, grace, pece and prosperite be to yow, to 
Goddis worshyp and to the gode welth of the reme of Englond ever 
duryng. Worthy syres, for as moch that meny of yowr owne issu 
and also Kynnesmen hath be, beth now, and shall be in tyme com- 
myng tenderly and bisely noryshed and avaunced with the rype frute 
of Konnyng in oure moder the Universite of Oxon ; in to the glory 
and the worshyp of Godd in speciall, and to the mayntenaunce of 
Crysten fayth, causyng of wyse men in the reme, and to yow grete 
joy, confort and eternall mede, that causeth supporteth and forthefyth 
such studiers ; Therfore we conceyvyth that your naturesses and 
benevolence shold enjoy with us of the fortheraunce of the sayde 
Universite ; and because oure ryth speciall lorde and myghty prince, 
the Duke of Gloucestre, hathe late endoed and so magnified oure 
sayde Universite with a thousand pound worth and more of preciose 
boke5, to the lovyng of Godd, encrece of clergy and konnyng men ; 
to the goode governaunce and prosperite of the Reme of Englond 
withoute end, before all other remes and contres of the world : 
Wherffore we beseche your sage discrecions to consider the gloriose 
yiftes of the graciose prince to oure sayde Universite, for the comyn 
profyte and worshyp of the reme, to thanke hym hertyly and also prey 
Godd to thanke hym in tyme commyng, wher goode dedys ben 
rewarded. And oure lord Godd so inspire and governe yow to His 
plesaunce with helyth of soule and body. Wryte at Oxon, die superiori. 
All the hole Universite of Oxon. 

143- 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury, 

The glory of your beneficent labours for the church and clergy is so 
bright that, as owls in daylight, we are dazzled beholding it. Other 

^ A late hand writes on the margin Summa 129. Postea, p, 60, fit vientio 
novem aliormn voluminum ab his distinctortim. Postea epistola 158, p. 63, 
nieutio fit 139 voluminum. Postea, p. 67, mentio fit 135 voluminum. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



185 



prelates do not put in practice your provision for the promotion of 
graduates ; wherefore we humbly beg that in the convocation of the 
province of Canterbury you will enforce the same by penalties for dis- 
obedience thereto. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei i439- 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati et apostolice 
sedis legato, Universitatis nostre singularissimo defensori. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, domine clementissime, 
necnon ampliator nostri gloriosissime, cujus pro felici statu utinam 
nostrarum oracionum incensum coram Deo acceptabilem, cum subjec- 

! cione humillima filiali. Letabundus exsurgit in devotissimas quas 
valet graciarum acciones filiorum vestrorum humilium cordialis 
affectus. Sed graciosissime vestre paternitatis beneficia magnificaque 
opera, que in ecclesie Dei munimen et tocius cleri desiderandissimam 
excrescenciam redundant, tante fame celebritate irradiari non desinunt, 
quod nostre devocionis commendative jubar et laudes, quamvis eadem 
digne promulgare conemur, tamen propter nostram insufficienciam, 
necnon propter eorum amplitudinem magnificam, in ipsorum de- 

jscripcione deficiunt, velut oculi noctue ante solis faciem caligantur. 
O piissimum pastorem, O gratissimum patrem ! cujus permaxima 
beneficia et piissima opera circa filios perhumiles celo plusquam 
mundo perpetuo registrantur. Paternali eciam provisione pro gradua- 
torum promocione ex concentu cordium unanimi gratulantes, humillima 
graciarum tributa cum prostrato spiritu gratulamus. Verum quia 
nonnuUi ecclesie prelati et patres negligenter et obliviose, ut infor- 
mamur, postponunt provisionem illam effectui demandare ; igitur vestre 
paternitatis pietatem precelsam pro reformacionis remedio, dum in 
hac parte solacia non sentimus omnino, ut scicientes ad fontem, 
pauperes ad potentem, ut humiles filii ad graciosum patrem recurrimus, ' 
pro hujus rei remedio et antidota ^ salutari : supplicantes humillime 
quatenus dignetur vestra paternalis gracia eandem vestram provi- 
sionem, ne frustretur effectu, in convocacione vestra universalis cleri 
vestre Cantuariensis provincie sub infligenda pena pro futuris tem- 
poribus roborare : ut filii vestri, sic per vestram ordinacionem, ab 
Universitate in culturam divine vinee, et a contemplacione in operam 
feliciter evocandi, tarn vobis quam diei natalis vestri affliientissime et 
merito benedicant ; dum sic per vos ecclesie accipiant colonos ydoneos, 
et viri littcratissimi ob suas virtutes, ut congruit, premienlur. Nunciis 

I nostris inclinatas aures grade et favoris, in pro parte nostra dicendis, 
quatinus impcndere dignemini, obnixius obsecramus. Utinam pater- 



' anliloda MS. 



tcinporis ib. 



i86 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nitas veslra tarn gratissima quam piissima diu sit Domino in votis, ad 
ecclesie munimen et vestrorum solamina filiorum. 
Scnpium, &c. 

144. 

Fol. 54 a. To the Archbishop of Canterbury and other members 
of the Convocation at London. 

We have on several occasions laid our complaints before you as to the 
deplorable condition of this University. Formerly the fruitful mother of 
children she has now become as a childless widow. Our students are 
few, the Inns are empty of scholars. We have said before, and cease not 
now to urge that this state of the University is a great injury to the 
Church of England. If the virtuous and learned obtain no reward, hut 
find themselves in poverty and forsaken in their old age, what must the 
effect be on the minds of the younger students ? Will they not infer that 
the pursuit of learning is unprofitable? We ask that the '■provincial 
constitution 'for the promotion of graduates may be enforced by penalty, 

1439. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Henrico, Dei 
gracia Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, ceteiisque reverendis patribus in 
convocacione cleri Londoniensi existentibus, nostris dominis gra- 
ciosis. 

In omni humilitatis spiritu, nos ipsos ut decet, cum omnimodis 
reverencia et honore. In Christo Reverendissimi patres, domini 
percelebres, columpne firmissime ecclesie militantis, paternales vestras 
clemencias graciosissimas pulsavit plerisque querelis Universitas mater 
nostra, ejus dispendia et desolationes ^ maximas proponendo ; videlicet 
quod, olim mater prole fecunda hiis jam diebus facta fere sine liberis 
vidua, sicque in ignominiam versa, ut lutum platearum derelicta est 
squalida; paucissimos habens incolas, sed tantum hospicia vacua et 
habitacula desolata, in maximum dispendium tocius ecclesie Anglicane. 
Que eapropter contigisse suggessimus et adhuc suggerere non de- 
sistimus, quum meritis et eminencie^ in sciencia litteratissimorum 
virorum in Universitatibus studencium minime provisum fuerat, eos 
in excolendam vineam Domini' Sabaoth statim post adeptam marga- 
ritam sciencie ad operam feliciter evocari ; sed nonnullos doctissimos, 
usque ad vite sue vesperam et ipsam mortem, sine premiis virtutum in 
militante ecclesia evanescere ^ et perire ; in juvenum studencium 
perniciosissimum exemplum et a studio alliciens subterfugium ; dum 
utrobique per mundum simplices, qui litteraturas non noverint, vide- 
rint ad dignitates ecclesiasticas sublimari. Qua in re, ut paratissimi in 

* dissolationes MS. ^ iviminencie corrected in MS. ^ evaticscit MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



clemenciam patres, ut virtutis et sciencie zelatissimi amatores, dignum 
duxistis erigere constitucionem in cleri marcescentis subsidium et 
felicissimum incrementum ; ob quam letantissime in graciarum ex- 
surgimus acciones. Sane habemus sanctum rei inicium. Sed et 
piissima affeccio patrum ; quibus tarn celebriter tarn clementer mentis 
provectorum in scienciis per condigna premia proponitur subvenire. 
Sed, ut accepimus, nonnulli ecclesie patres provisionem vestram 
negligenter et obliviose postponunt ducere in operis complementum. 
Propterea nec adhuc tacere potest Universitas mater nostra, quin magis 
ac magis, sub spe exaudicionis, ad sui refugium, patres piissimos, 
clamando recurrat ; ut ad tam miserande matris justas instancias hec 
vestra celeberrima sinodus, quam et sanctam esse confidimus, mota 
misericordie visceribus volis suis feliciter annuat, peticiones exaudiat ; 
ut videlicet ordinacionem vestram, pro graduatorum in Universitatibus 
existencium promocione, sic roboretis ^ sufificiente sub pena ; ne, quod 
absit, id quod vestra sacra sinodus fieri decreverat, ob sui non-execu- 
tionem nomen frustratorie opere et constitucionis majus merito 
sorciatur. Sane dedecus grande, damnabile dispendium, si reveren- 
dissimorum patrum institucio tam sancta sic irreverenter periret cassata. 
Quid diceretur ? quid in ore hominum esset ? Sane scimus. ' Quid 
prodest studium, quid sapiencia, quid labor i7iutilis ; cum nec decennialis 
pro litter atissimorum pro?nocione directa provisio stare temporis minimo 
poiuit curricula ? ' Aspicite igitur felicissimi in ecclesia patroni, luci- 
dissima ecclesie luminaria, quatinus sub pena non infringenda pro 
graduatorum promocione vestra muniatur sanccio sacra : ut sic, quos 
amor justicie in legis et institucionis vestre execucionem non allicit, 
timor pene coherceat et impellat. Et vestras piissimas paternitates in 
sue ecclesie fulcimentum longevet in terrenis noster Dominus Jesus 
Christus; Cui sint honor et gloria in secula. Amen. Scriptum sub ■ 
sigillo nostro in nostre Congregacionis do??io, Decembris die septimo. 
Humillima vestrarum paternitatum oratrix Universitas studii Oxon- 
iensis. 

Statuta veteris Bibliothecae ^ Fol. 54 b. 

For the secure custody of the books given by the duke of Gloucester 
a new register shall be made and deposited in the chest of five keys' in 
which, as in all the statute-books of the Uiiiversiiy^ the names of the 
\ volumes shall be entered ; as also at the beginning of each volume, with 
the contents of each volume^ shall be written the first words of the 
second folio. 

^ robontis added over the line by a somewhat later hand, MS. ^ This title 
in a modern hand. 



i88 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



1439. Universis Christi fidelibus presentibus et futuris pateat manifeste, 
quod vicesimo quinto die mensis Novembris, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo nono, Universitas Oxoniensis staluit et 
ordinavit, Imprimis, pro firma et perpetua custodia largissime et 
magnificentissime donacionis centum viginti novem voluminum, 
per serenissimum principem et dominum inclitissimum dominum 
Humfridum, regum filium, fratrem et patruum, ducem Gloucestrie^ 
comitem Pembrochie, et magnum camerarium Anglie, prefate Univer- 
sitati ex summa sua liberalitate donatorum, et quorumcumque volu- 
minum in futurum per eundem serenissimum principem donandorum, 
ut fiat unum novum registrum in cista quinque clavium reponendum ; 
in quo, et in singulis libris statutorum Universitatis predicte, necnon 
et in principiis dictorum voluminum omnia nomina eorundem, cum 
suis contentis universis et cum principiis secundorum foliorum, 
seriatim, aperte, et expresse registrentur : ut sic liquide omnibus 
apparere poterit, si quod dictorum voluminum seu contentorum eorum- 
dem, quantumcunque rarum ignotumque fuerit, perditum, subtractum, 
distractum, dilaceratum vel ablatum sit. 

No volume, or any part or sheet of any volume shall, upon any 
pretence whatsoever, be sold, given, exchanged, pledged, lent to be copied 
in separate sheets, or removed from the library, except for repair ; 
provided nevertheless, that the duke of Gloucester may, by indenture 
between himself and the University, borrow any volume for a stated term. 

Item, predicta Universitas statuit et ordinavit, ut nullum predictorura 
voluminum seu librorum aut contentorum in eisdem ullo unquam 
tempore, quocunque quesito colore vendatur, donetur, permutetur, 
vel impignoretur, aut alicui pro copia quaternatim tradatur seu acco- 
modetur, nec extra communem librariam dicte Universitatis deportetur, 
nisi aliquod ipsorum voluminum aut librorum ligandum reparandumve 
fuerit : in quo eciam casu absque mora, et quam cicius fieri poterit, 
ligetur, reparetur, et, cum ligatum ac reparatum fuerit, ad librariam 
communem statim reportetur: proviso tamen semper, quod si pre- 
fatus princeps, per suas litteras, speciales aliquod ipsorum voluminum 
pro certo tempore duxerit mutuandum ^, ut, sub indenturis suis, inter 
serenitatem suam et dictam Universitatem inde conficiendis, idem 
volumen, certo tamen et diffinito tempore restituendum, ab Uni- 
versitate indilate et per viam mutui liberetur^ Hoc statutum ita 
sLricte observetur, ut ^ non liceat congregacioni regencium per aliquam 
graciam cum eodem dispensare. 

^ Glouccstre MS. ^ niutuenduni ib. ^ ut omitted ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



All hooks {whether of this or any other future donatioii) for study of 
the seven liberal arts and three philosophies shall be kept in a chest, 
provided for that purpose in the library, and placed under the custody of 
the librarian by indenture between him and the University ; and may be 
borrowed by niasters of arts, actually lecturing in those subjects, also by 
indenture between such masters and the said librarian, and, under certain 
circumstances, by Principals of halls. And it is provided that the 
Librarian shall every year render an account of the books, and in every 
indenture the names of the books, and other particulars, as above 
mentioned, shall be written ; and each book shall have a price set upon 
it, exceeding its real value, in case of loss to he instantly paid to the 
University, so that a similar book may be provided as soon as possible. 

Item, statutum et ordinatum est per eandem Universitatem, quod 
omnes et singuli libri, alias per eundem serenissimum principem pro 
lectura septem arcium liberalium et trium philosophiarum, necnon et 
per alios ad eundem usum collati, seu in futurum conferendi, in quadam 
cista, per Universitatem ad hoc ordinanda, in communi libraria Uni- 
versitatis sub custodia custodis ejusdem, per indenturas inter dictam 
Universitatem et dictum pro tempore existente^ confectas, reponantur: 
que quidem^ cista in futurum vocabitur ^ cista trium philosophiarum 
et septem scienciarum liberalium ; ad effectum quod magistris arcium, 
dictas sciencias actualiter et piiblice in scolis arcium legentibus seu Fol. 55 a. 
legere volentibus, per indenturas inter dictum custodem et dictos 
magistros conficiendas, deliberentur. Quod si contingat aliquam 
ipsarum scienciarum actualiter non legi, ex tunc principalibus aularum 
et aliis magistris quibuscumque, pro utilitat© et commodo suarum 
scolarium, sub indenturis eciam eorumdem per custodem liberentur ; 
prestito per eos prius corporali juramento, quod custodi ciste predicte 
de ipsoium librorum in die cessationis cujuslibet termini fidelem • 
restitutionem faciant ^ : proviso insuper, quod predictus custos, quum 
reddere seu deliberare debebit claves sui officii, singulis annis, fidelem 
reddat compotum de eisdem ; quod eciam in singulis indenturis, sic 
ut prefertur faciendis, contenta librorum, cum principiis secundorum 
foliorum-, expresse scribantur. Et, ut major dictos libros custodiendi 
, detur occasio, dicta Univ'ersitas statuit et ordinavit, ut quilibet ipsornm 
\ librorum notabiliter ultra verum valorem apprecietur : quern quidem 
I valorem Universitati fideliter persolvendum, quicumque hujusmodi 
librum vel libros per viam mutui recipiens, si ipsum libram vel ipsos 
libros amittere vel perdere contingat, appellacione et dilacione qua- 
cumque postposita, dicte ciste solvere teneatur ; ut de summa reccpta 

* The word custodem seems to be omitted MS. ^ qucdam ih. ^ faciat ib. 



190 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



liber alius, apparatus et forme consimilis, quam cicius fieri poterit, 
ordinetur. 

Having no other means of rewarding the donor ^ than by a spiritual 
recompense^ we have appointed by statute that every year during his li/e^ 
on the feast of SS. Simon and fude, or as near thereto as may be, mass 
' of the Trinity^ or ' of the Blessed Virgin Mary I with special collects 
naming the Duke and his Duchess, shall be said for their prosperity: 
and that, at every mass said by the Chaplain of the University, the 
name of the Duke shall be mentioned along with other benefactors. And, 
on occasion of every sermon of whatsoever kind at St. Marys church, 
the preacher shall expressly and by name pray for the said Duke ; and^ 
after his departure from this world, within ten days of that event, the 
University shall celebrate his obit: and every year, on the anniversary of 
his death, or as nearly as may be, mass, with special collects mentioning 
them by name, for the repose of his soul and that of his consort {after 
her death), and for the souls of all the faithful departed, shall be solemnly 
said for ever. 

Item, cum tam ampla tamque magnifica sint dicti excellentissimi 
principis nobis indulta beneficia, quod omnino imbecilles et in- 
validi sumus condignam excogitare recompensam, ut tamen pro 
temporalibus beneficiis, ea que valemus, spiritualia beneficia repen- 
damus, statuit et ordinavit dicta Universitas, ut, annis singulis, quam 
diu dictus illustrissimus, litteratissimus, eciam scientissimus princeps 
vitam duxerit in humanis, in festo Simonis et Jude, si tunc absque 
impedimento poterit, sen die aliquo infra triduum ante vel post, quo 
hujusmodi impedimentum non occurret, pro felici ac prospero statu 
ejusdem principis, necnon et domine Alianore consortis sue, missa 
' de Trinitate,' seu ' de Beatissima Virgine Maria,' cum collecta 
* Omnipotens se?npiterne Deus, miserere famulo tuo Humfrido et famule 
tue Alianore I cum expressione videlicet nominum suorum, secundum 
formam et modum pro regibus et principibus in dicta Universitate 
actenus consueta, ab ipsa Universitate solemniter decantetur : quodque 
in singulis missis, per capellanum communem dicte Universitatis 
publice et solemniter celebrandis, ut mos est, pro aliis Universitatis 
benefactoribus, quoad prefatus princeps vixerit, specialis de ipso 
memoria habeatur, cum predicta collecta, ' Omnipotens sempiterne 
Deus,' et sui nominis, ut prefertur, expressione : quodque in singulis 
collacionibus, et sermonibus examinatoriis, excusatoriis, seu aliis 
quibuscunque in ecclesia Beate Marie Virginis Oxonie diebus domi- 
nicis et aliis publice faciendis, cujuscunque generis aut condicionis 
doctor vel bacularius — qui hujusmodi collacionem seu sermonem facere 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



191 



debeat — fuerit, pro predicto principe expresse et nominatim exorare 
teneatur : ut eciam, cum ab luce predictus famosissimus et nobilissimus 
princeps assumptus fuerit, cum primo id Universitati constiterit, infra 
decern dies obitum suum faciat ipsa Universitas honorifice celebrari. 
jNecnon ut extunc, annis singulis perpetuis futuris temporibus, in 
anniversario sui obitus, aut, si ipse dies minime conveniens fuerit, in 
proxima die ad ipsum negocium aptiori, missam pro anima ejus, et 
anima domine Alianore consortis sue, cum ab hac luce migraverit, Fol. 55 b. 
janimabusque omnium fidelium defunctorum, cum collectis nomina 
jsua specificantibus, decantare solempniter teneatur, prout utique pro 
, aliis regibus et principibus, ipsius videlicet Universitatis benefactoribus, 
actenus fieri consuevit. Acta et statuta sunt hec in congregacione 
isolemni regencium et non-regencium in ecclesia Beate Marie Virginis 
Ipredicte solemniter celebrata, ex unanimi consensu regencium et non- 
I regencium, existentibus Cancellario nato dicte Universitatis magistro 
Ijohanne Burbach, sacre theologie professore, et procuratoribus ejus- 
^dem magistris Willelmo Orell et Johanne Wylley, vicesimo quinto 
die mensis Novembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
tricesimo nono. Ad premissa autem omnia et singula fideliter et sine 
fraude perpetuo facienda, et inviolabiliter observanda, obligamus nos 
et successores nostros per presentes ; et ea omnia et singula facere et 
observare promittimus bona fide. Et ut prefata nostra statuta ordi- 
naciones et concessiones robur obtineant perpetue firmitatis, presentes 
litteras nostras fieri fecimus patentes communi nostre Universitatis 
jsigillo sigillatas, in fidem et testimonium omnium premissorum. 
\Daium Oxotiie in nostre congregaciojiis domo die et anno superius 
\expressatis. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Memorandum, quod septimo decimo die mensis Decembris, anno 1439. 
; Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimo nono, in plena con- 
. gregacione sigillata est acquietancia Abbati et conventui de Enensham, 
de annua pensione sedecim solidorum debita Universitati per eosdem, 
propter depascendos pauperes in die S. Nicholai eodem anno. 

Indenture between the University and Thomas Elkyn, 
stonemason. 

j While e?7iployed on the new Divinity Schools, the salary of the stone- 
\ mason shall be four shillings a week in summer^ and three shillings and 
\f our pence in winter. He shall employ good workmen. He shall have an 
j annual salary also of one mark. Whereas many great people and wise 
\ object to too much ornafnent, the mason shall alter it^ particularly the 
canopies of the images, the casements, fillets, ^r. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



1439' IIkc indentiira, facta inter Universitatem Oxoniensem ex parte una, 
et Thomam Elkyn, lathomum, ex parte altera, testatur quod dictus 
Thomas manucepit edificacionem novarum scolarum sacre theologie 
in Universitate predicta, in quantum pertinet ad lathomiam : et pre- 
dictus Thomas recipiet septimanatim per estatem quatuor solidos 
sterHngorum, et per yemem tres solidos et quatuor denarios ; quando 
conlingat ipsum ebdomadatim ibidem presencialiter sic operari. J^ciam 
dictus Thomas introducet alios lathomos, meliores quos sciverit, et 
meliori precio quo poterit, ad proficuum dicti operis: numerus vero 
eorum erit pro voluntate supravisorum dicti operis. Et dictus Thomas 
recipiet ab eadem Universitate annuatim in dicto opere unam marcam 
sterlingorum, pro annua pensione sua. Et quia plures magnates regni 
et alii sapientes non approbant, sed reprehendunt, nimiam curiositatem 
incepti dicti operis, igitur dicta Universitas vult quod dictus Thomas 
retrahet deinceps, sicut jam retrahere incepit, supervacuam talem 
curiositatem dicti operis, videlicet in tabernaculis ymaginum^, . . . 
casimentis et fylettis, et in aliis frivolis curiositatibus, que ad rem non 
pertinent, sed ad nimias et sumptuosas expensas dicte Universitatis et 
ad nimiam dicti operis tardacionem. Et ad dictas convenciones ex 
parte dicti Thome fideliter tenendas et observandas idem Thomas 
obligat se per presentes dicte Universitati in quadraginta libris ster- 
lingorum. In cujus rei testimonium tam sigillum commune dicte 
Universitatis quam sigillum dicti Thome his scriptis indentatis sunt 
appensa. Datum Oxonie sexto decimo die Jxfmaru, anno regni regis 
Henrici sex ti post conquestum octodecimo : Magistro Ricardo Riderham, 
sacre theologie doctore, dicte Universitatis Cancellario, Willelmo Orell 
et Johanne Willey procuratoribus ejusdem ad tunc existentibus. 

Fol. 56 a. Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1439. Memorandum, quod undecimo die Marcii, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo tricesimo nono, sigillata est acquietancia Abbati et 
conventui de Enensham, de annua pensione duorum et quinquaginta 
solidorum. 

Item, eodem die sigillata acquietancia Abbati et conventui de 
Oseneya, de pensione annua viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum. 



^ A word here imperfect, apparently daU et ; qan it be bafettnentis ? 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



193 



145. 
To the King. 

// is 171 vain thai your majesty s forefathers have planted the vineyard 
and hedged it about for the protection of the vines, unless the defences 
are maintained. For the privileges of the University, which are its 
defence, are threatened by the vexatious prosecution of Master f. Gorsech, 
on account of official acts during his chancellorship. We beg that your 
majesty will give orders to the judges of your court to respect our 
privileges, and also summon N. Bury, the prosecutor in the case, to 
answer before yourself in person. 

Serenissime princeps et regum Christianissime ; Inclitissimi reges, i439- 
progenitores vestri recolendissimi, ad sacrosancte matris ecclesie pro- 
fectum, ad Dei, nature, et legum misteria cognoscenda, ne radix 
aliqua sapiencialis suo deesset regno, vineam scienciarum quarum- 
Jibet electam, Universitatem videlicet Oxoniensem, ex summa pru- 
dencia plantavere : quatenus scicientes scienciarum vina, nulla earum 
pretermissa, secundum suam eleccionem habundanter haurire valerent 
ibidem. Et quoniam nequit anima, nisi vexacionibus exterius seclusis, 
ad perfecciones sciencie elevari ; ea propter, ne dicta vinea extrinsecis 
concuteretur turbinibus, quibus botri scienciales marcescere (et) ^ 
languere possent, aut quomodolibet impediri, libertatum sepibus 
fortibus circumfulcierunt eandem, et privilegiorum tutis propugnaculis 
vallaverunt. Que omnia, tarn libertates quam privilegia, dignata est 
vestra majestas magnifica litteris vestris patentibus confirmare. O felix 
Fructuosaque ad Dei ecclesie munimen, imm^o tocius Anglie, vinee 
plantacio ! O felicior ejusdem privilegiis et libertatibus vallacio ! sed 
et felicissima eorumdem confirmacio graciosa ! Sed heu et dolor ! 
quod quorumdam temera presumpcio et incastigata malicia has liber- 
tates et hec privilegia, que regalis sanciit^ preeminencia, intrepide 
moliuntur evertere et nequiter dissipare. Nihil equidem sercre prod- 
esset agrum, si exortas segetes fere pessime devorarent : immo et 
nihil castri proderunt alta menia vel ^ fossata profunda, si non sit qui 
inimicum elidat transgredi satagentem. Que omnia vestre serenitaLi 
metuendissime dolorosis conquestibus et gemebundis suspiriis rcse- 
ramus: quum sola vestra celsitudo regalis ea protegere ac facere 
stare sufficit, que vestrorum progenitorum inclitudo permaxima crexit, 
ac vestra majestas invictissima confirmavit. Nupcr equidem quidam 
N. Bury oratricem vestram humillimam, dictam Universitatem, in suo 
filio carissimo, magistro J. Gorsech, contra dicta libertates et privilegia, 
* et omitted in MS. 2 sanctnf MS. =' ve ib. 

0 



194 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



ob eorumdem execucionem vexavit et graviter molestavit, nec adhud 
vexare desistit. Et quum dictus magister J. penes dictum N. secundumit 
tenorem libertatum tempore sui vicecancellariatus exsequebatur justicie i 
complementum, idem N. contra dictum magistrum J. acciones ficticiasi 
adinvenit; quas certis et loco et tempore fieri fallaciter figuravit; inil 
Universitatis magnum dispendium, lesionem privilegiorum pregrandemij 
atque expensarum effusionem non modicam, propter dicti magistri et ^ 
libertatum dictarum tuicionem diuturnam : quam diucius sine vestro " 
brachio sustinere nequimus. Qua in re, Christianissime princeps, | 
vestram graciosissimam proteccionem humiliatis spiritibus et inclinatis If 
cervicibus supplices imprecamur; quatinus curie vestre Londinensis !, 
mandetur judicibus privilegia, per vos et progenitores vestros vestre ' 
Universitati concessa, indilate et efficaciter allocare. Necnon et ut | 
dictus N. in vestram metuendissimam presenciam advocetur, re- | 
sponsurus ibidem quare, in enervacionem privilegiorum vestre Uni- !, 
versitatis, contra dictum magistrum J. acciones fallaces figuret et i 
fingat: ut sic sua cohibeatur malicia et timor ceteros sibi consimiles '[ 
apprehendat, ne contra aliquem injuste acciones confingant fallaces. • 
Et vestram regaliam serenissimam ad regni vestri utriusque guber- \ 
nionem felicem, sic dirigat Jesus Christus, ut hujus vite januis con- * 
clusis in vitam transferat eternalem. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre 
congregacionis domo mensi's Marcii die undevicesimo. Vestre serenitatis 
potentissime humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

146. 

Fol. 56 b. To John, Baron Gutenstein. 

The renown 0/ your great deeds is spread throughout the Christian 
worlds compelling the gratitude of every minister of the Church. But 
we, who have received your letter, in a more especial manner rejoice at 
your conquest of the arch-heretick. In this world you may not, but in the 
next you surely will receive the due reward of your work, and we shall 
not fail to beg that his majesty the King will make a favourable response 
to your letter. 

1440. PoTENTi et nobili viro, Johanni Baroni * de Gutenstein, domino in 
Babenstein. 

Spectabili et virtuoso domino, catholice fidei inexpugnabili pro- 
pugnaculo, pro victoria inimici crucis Christi suavitatem crucis de- 
gustare, et cum Dei militibus gloriosis triumphalis glorie laurea 
coronari. Graciosissimi vestri gestus celebre preconium, per universes 

1 Burroni MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



195 



Christi fidelium terminos longe lateque diffusum, omnium servorum 
in Dei ecclesia ministrancium devotissimos animos ad vestre magnifice 
laudis et favoris amplexum merito inclinavit. Nos tamen, ad quos 
vestra magnificencia direxit suas litteras, specialius gratulamur, dum, 
ex singulari gracia in vestre virtutis brachio, captus est ille vetus 
sacrosancte ecclesie hostis, quern heresiarcham tocius orbis publica 
vox et fama proclamant. O felix brachium ! felixque gladius vester 
evangelicus, qui de evangelice veritatis sevissimo inimico meruit 
obtinere victoriam; eodemque viriliter devicto, turbulenta tempora 
pacis beneficio feliciter restaurare ! Nee deerunt in futurum votive 
retribucionis munera magnanimitati vestre. Licet in presenti milicie 
vestre et laboris immensitati non arrideat forsan equa merces, tamen 
militum suorum non obliviscetur Deus, quos in fine et tempore accepto 
eternalis premii gloria saciabit. Nos quoque devocione promptissima, 
qua tenemur, penes illustrissimum dominum regem instabirnus, qua- 
tinus, juxta juris et justicie complementum, litterarum vestrarum con- 
gruum recipere valeatis responsum. Militarem vestram eminenciam, 
ad felix ecclesie et fidei robur, per diuturna in prosperis conservet 
tempora virtus sanguinis Crucifixi. Scripium Oxonie in nosire co7i- 
gregacionis domo^ mensis Apr His die quinto. Universitas studii 
Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Brewer. Fol. 57 a. 

Memorandum, quod undecimo die mensis Maii sigillata fuit littera 1440. 
testimonialis magistri Thome Brewer, in artibus magistri et sacre 
theologie baccalarii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadra- 
gesimo. 

147. 
To the Pope. 

We are desired by the Duke of Gloucester to ivrite to your holiness in 
behalf of Master Edmund Kyrton : and we feel bound, though we had 
not been asked to do so^ to say that his character is unimpeachable and 
his learning great. He has also ever been a staunch defender, both by 
disputation and preaching, of the church and of the holy see. With all 
humility, therefore, we venture to support the suit of the Duke in his 
favour. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Eugenio, divina 1440. 
providencia sacrosancte Romane et universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

o 2 



I 



196 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Pridie, beatissime pater, illustrissimus Gloucestrie dux Humfridus j 
suum per nuncium nos rogavit, quatenus celsitudini vestre apostolice '\ 
significare vellemus cujusdam confratris nostri, magistri Edmundi l| 
Kyrton, doctoris sacre theologie, vite integritatem ac litterarum ij 
erudicionem ; ut per nos sanctitas vestra plenius informata suorum ii 
invidorum maledictis nullam prorsus credenciam largiretur. Nos i 
vero, non ut rogati sed pocius obligati, vestram celsitudinem . apos- .1 
tolicam cerciorem efficimus predictum confratrem nostrum, virum 1 
doctissimum in nostra Universitate, bone fame, vite honeste, opinionis \\ 
illese fuisse. Et preter hec, dum cursum ejus scolasticum apud nos ^' 
laudabiliter perficeret, pro honore ac exaltacione Romane sedis et 
pontificatus vestri jam arguendo, jam respondendo, jam predicando 
ita illustrem se habuit, ut gradum ipsum magistratus digne promere- 
retur, totique cetui doctorum ipsius adventu magnum decus advenisse. 
Beatitudini \ ut existimamus, vestre notus ; nam, ut informamur, in 
consistorio generali quorum felicis recordacionis domino Martino per 
confirmacionem predecessoris sui laudabiliter proposuit. Ad pedes 
igitur vestre beatitudinis provoluti idem quod ipse dux illustrissimus 
rogat et nos rogamus affectuosis precibus. Supplicamus ut magistrum 
antedictum recommissum in sua gracia habere dignetur apostolica ; 
celsitudo. Verum cum singulas illius magistri prefati virtutes narrare \ 
longum esset, et, si vellemus, propter nuncii celeritatem nequeamus, j 
tamen in iis que eciam de devocione et zelo nostro erga Romanam ; 
sedem et beatitudinem vestram nuncio litterarum regie majestatis et 
principis antedicti, cui credencia tradita est, fidem indubiam adhibere ; 
dignetur vestra apostolica celsitudo. Quam Omnipotens conservare ■ 



dignetur ad bonum regimen ecclesie sue sancte. Scriptum Oxonie || 



in nostre congregacionis do7no, vicesimo die Maii. SanctitatisL vestre 
humillimi oratores Cancellarius Universitatis vestre Oxoniensis cetus- 
que unanimis magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem. 



Memorandum, quod septimo die Februarii sigillata fuit acquietancia 
viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum Abbati et conventui de Oseneya, ' 
nomine cujusdam annue pensionis ab eisdem debite pro termino 
omnium Sanctorum. 

^ These passages are transcribed precisely as they stand in the MS., nor is there . 
any difficulty in deciphering this epistle. As has been observed before, the epistles • 
which are written in the most clerkly hand have invariably more errors and 
omissions. 



Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



197 



A Grace, conditional on payment of five pounds to 
the new schools* fund. 

Memor/vNDUM, quod gracia Myddleham conditionatur quod solvat 1440. 
quinque marcas ad fabricam novarum scolarum, et hoc infra annum 
a die concessionis gracie predicte. 

A Fine paid by a Guardian of the Lincoln Chest. 

Memorandum, quod undevicesimo die Marcii sigillata fuit ac- 1440. 
quietancia sedecim solidorum trium denariorum magistro Roberto 
Ampleford pro cista Lincolniensi, ex condemnacione judicum ejusdem 
ciste. 

148. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. Fol. 57 

When we remember your many splendid donations to us, we cannot but 
extol your great mwnficence^ and the natural inclination of your genius 
for literature, which have prompted you to send us seven more volumes of 
peculiar beauty by the hands of Master fohn Kyrkeby. Your success in 
the conduct of civil gover?t?nent, and your victories in war at home 
and abroad^ are indeed signal titles to glory ; but this your benefaction to 
us is in a peculiar sense befitting your character, and will out-live 
the transitory fame of all your other exploits. Statues, sculptures, and 
graven brass will not so long preserve the memory of the great as will 
the living records of history. How can we express our thanks ? It is 
hut little we do, but whereinsoever we can show our gratitude, we shall 
be ever ready to obey your co?nmands. 

Serenissimo ac illustrissimo principi Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, 1440. 
comiti Pembrochie, magno Camerario Anglie, et domino et protectori 
• nostro graciosissimo. 

I Eternis laudum preconiis serenitatem vestram, illustrissime princeps, 
I multo omnium maxime nos, humiles ac devoti ejusdem serenitatis 
j cultores, extollere et magnificare non ab re tenemus, si excelsa et 
j preclara ipsa sublimitatis vestre munera, sepe sepissimeque nobis 
j supplicibus oratoribus vestris graciosissime prestita, ante mentis nostre 
i aciern devocione debita revocemus. Tam abundans profecto atque 
exuberans in nos est bonitas magnificencie vestre, animus preterea 
ingenuus ita in artes ac sciencias in ... ^ denique omnium facultatum 
proficuum incensus, ut, preter cetera beneficia preclaro ac vcre regio, 
seu verius divino, illo centum viginti sex voluminum dono, que baud 

^ A w ord lost here by abrasion of MS. 



198 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



dubium pro multitudine ac magnitudine spectaculum est videre, 
matrem nostram Universitatem nequaquam vos satis ornasse putatis, 
nisi septem eciam aliis admirandi apparatus voluminibus, per dilectum 
confratrem nostrum magistrum Johannem Kyrkeby, ad nos jam 
tarde a celsitudine vestra transmissis, numerum predictum magnifice 
augeretis. Sed hec, serenissime princeps, excellentissima res est, et 
que magnitudinem vestram quam maxime deceat. Licet enim summa 
regni negocia, sub felici ducatu ac fortunatis auspiciis vestris tam 
beate et prospere semper directa, parte insuper tocies de extraneis 
intraneis quoque hostibus victorie, cetereque istiusmodi innumerose 
preclarissime res per vos geste, que immense laudis titulo commen- 
dande semper existunt, nomen vestrum celebre plurimum ac gloriosum 
effecerint, hec tamen peculiariter inter alias res sublimitatem vestram 
adornat, vestrique nominis famam multo ceteris gloriosiorem ac 
mirabiliorem reddit. Ac ubi de aliis gestis et factis fragilem atque 
transitoriam, de hac sola re eternam memoriam comparatis. Superioris 
etatis principibus sculpturis marmoreis, seu eneis celaturis, vel mortuis 
quibusdam imaginibus sui memoriam relinquere vetusta consuetude 
fuit, vos quidem non mortuis sed vivis librorum monimentis, cunctis 
immortale seculis, vestri nominis memoriale reliquistis. Hec profecto 
sunt, que nullis futuris temporibus laudes et preconia vestra, nee 
celeberrimum nomen ante oblitum ire patientur, quam omne virtutis 
studium pereat, vel qui litteras legere ac intelligere sciant nulli omnino 
reperiantur. Cum cetera quidem mortalia cdrsu continuo fluant, libri 
tamen ac littere, ut viva quedam ac perpetua rerum gestarum moni- 
Fol. 58. a. menta, semper expectant. Sed pro tantis, tam amplis tamque 
magnificis donis et beneficiis, quale vobis sacrificium offerre debemus, 
excogitare certe nescimus. Multo quidem pluris beneficia ac dona 
ista sunt, quam quod ipsi valemus exsolvere. Verum hoc unum, 
quod possimus, fidelissime ac devotissime oratores vestri semper 
erimus ; in eterna quoque apud [nos] ^ ac celeberrima fama memoria 
nominis vestri permanebit. Quam vero in iis, que ad vestram com- 
placenciam per nos fieri possint, mandatis, desideriis, rogatibusque 
vestris proni atque obnoxii semper fuerimus ; in gracia fratris Johannis 
Kyry, sacre theologie bachilarii, pro qua jam nuper ad nos serenitas 
vestra scripsit, ostendimus: cum quo, sola contemplacione domina- 
cionis vestre, sub certis condicionibus pro regencia sua anni futuri 
graciose dispensavimus ; et graciam suam juxta votum ac sacrum 
desiderium vestrum modificavimus : sicut et promptissimum animum 
semper habemus ad quecunque faciendum, que celsitudo vestra a 
nobis peragi optaverit. Quam, ad regni gloriam, cleri et ecclesie 
^ tios omitted in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



199 



fulcimentum, nostramque precipue consolacionem, prosperis in Domino 
successibus regat et protegat Rex regum et Dominus dominancium. 
Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Fehruarii die 
ultimo. Humillima et perpetua oratrix vestra Universitas studii 
Oxonie. 

Two acquittances of Eynsham Abbey. 

IMemoraxdum, quod vicesimo secundo die Marcii, anno Domini 1440. 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo sigillata fuit acquietancia 
Abbati et conventui de Eynesham, de annua pensione quinquaginta 
, duorum solidorum. 

Eisdem die et anno sigillata fuit acquietancia predictis Abbati et 
conventui, de annua pensione sedecim solidorum pro centum pauperi- 
bus scolaribus pascendis in die S. Nicholai. 

Testimonial letters for Masters Stephen Raff, Thomas 
Kyppyng, Thomas Sebrok, and John Andevere. 

Memorandum, quod decimo die mensis Maii sigillata fuit littera 1441- 
testimonialis, sub forma communi, I\Iagistri Stephani Raff, sacre 
theologie professoris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadra- 
j gesimo primo. 

j Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Maii sigillata fuit 
I littera testimonialis, sub forma communi, magistri Thome Kyppyng, 
; arcium magistri, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadra- 
gesimo primo. 

Memorandum ^, quod quarto die mensis Julii anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo quadragesimo primo sigillata fuit littera testimonialis, Fol. 58 b. 
sub communi forma, pro magistro Thoma Sebrok, doctore sacre 
theologie, professore, &c. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
; quadragesimo primo, mensis Julii die tercio, sigillata fuit littera testi- 
moniahs, sub communi forma, magistri Johannis Andevere, sacre 
pagine professoris. 

149. 

To the Presidents and Chapter of the Benedictine 
monks now assembled. 

The University being solicitous that the merit of her sons should not he 
hidden under a bushel^ but that by being publicly known it may encourage 

* This memorandum, after liaving several corrections made, is crossed out in 
the MS. 



200 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



others, commends to your favourable notice several distinguished members 
of your order. 

Venerabilibus patribus presidentibus nigrorum monachorum ordinis 
S. Benedict! in Anglia, et sacro ac generali capitulo eorumdem nunc 
in Dei spiritu presencialiter congregato. 

Venerabiles patres, prospera successuum incrementa ad sacre matris 
ecclesie religionisque vestre continuum fulcimentum. Solet Universitas 
mater nostra, ab antiquis exemplata parentibus, virtuosam vitam pariter 
et studium suorum filiorum ad communem omnium deducere noticiam ; 
quo magis ex hoc alii virtuosorum antecedencium gesta consimilia 
imitentur. Igitur, ne matris nostre taciturnitate velata \ filiorum suorum 
magistrorum, Willelmi Ebchester. Johannis Andevere, Ricardi Barton, 
Johannis Mody et Johannis Burneby, sacre theologie doctorum, necnon 
magistri Willelmi Mortone, decretorum doctoris, sacri ordinis vestri 
monachorum, ardentes lucerne latescant sub modio — quorum teneras 
infancias suavis doctrine pavit dulcedine, deinde solidioris substancie 
cibo suis educavit in laribus ; unde ^ sacre theologie et apostolicorum 
Canonum cathedras meruerunt ascendere doctorales, inter alios litera- 
tissimos ejusdem ordinis viros : — rogitat vestre religionis patres ceteros- 
que, quatenus ipsos suscipere his matris nostre precibus dignemini 
specialiter commendatos, fidemque eis ex parte nostra credulam ad- 
hibere. Et venerabilem cetum vestrum prosperari faciat Deus, qui 
illius sancte congregacionis vestre principium est et finis. Scriptinn 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Julii die quinto. Uni- 
versitas Oxoniensis. 

150. 
To the Pope. 

Commends to his holiness Master Richard Pytton, Dean of Darlington^ 
sometime Master of University College, the oldest of our foundations, who 
has business to transact at Rome. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro. Domino Eugenic, 
divina providencia sacrosancte JRomane ac universalis ecclesie sumrno 
pontifici. 

Beatissime pater, devota pedum oscula beatorum. Magna sanctitas 
vestre paternitatis et immensa opera, que in tocius orbis prodierunt 
noticiam, ille quoque radius benignissimi favoris ^ vestri, suam illustrans 
ancillam mero * apostolico, nos vestros obsequiosissimos filios animant 
candem ad sanctitatem^ devocius exorandam pro vestro devoto filio et 

^ velate ? ^ dende MS. ^ vavoris ib. * more ? ^ satiitatem MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



20 1 



;onrratre nostro, magistro Ricardo Pytton, decano ecclesie de Derlyng- 
on Dunelmensis diocesis, in sacra theologia baccalario, et nuper 
nagistro collegii antiquioris Universitatis predicte ; viro ^ morum et 
•cienciarum fragrancia vernante, provide et circumspecto ; qui coram 
anctitate vestra certa, ut dicit, habet prosequi negocia. Quapropter 
•andem sanctitatem vestram humillime ac devotissime rogitamus, qua- 
inus, nostrarum precum supplici interventu, prefatum magistrum cum 
uis negociis specialius commendatum dignetur suscipere vestra apo- 
tolica celsitudo. Quam, ad Dei laudem et sancte matris ecclesie 
ulcimenLum, preservare dignetur semper in prosperis. Cujus vicem 
^eritis in terris, Jesus Christus. Scriptiim Oxonie in nostre congrega- 
ionis domo, viensis Julii die ultimo. Humillima apostolice sanctitatis 
.ncilla, Universitas Oxoniensis. 

151- 

To the King. Fol. 59 a. 

Your zeal for every good zvork, and especially for the worship of God 
'.nd the welfare of the church and clergy, ensures our readiness to coinply 
viihyour ivishes ; and whereas you do not consider the terms we offered 
or the rent of Bedel hall sufficient, we request permission either to 
purchase the same, or to acquire it by exchange. 

Serenissime et illustrissime princeps, divinus ille et celestis ardor, 1441. 
[uo in preclarissima omnium virtatum opera, in ea vero maxime que 
.d Dei cultum, ecclesie et cleri gloriam cedunt, regius semper inflam- 
natur animus, nos humillimos oratores vestros summopere ^ invitant. 
It votis regiis obedientes exsequamur quecunque per nos fieri regia ^ 
luxerit celsitudo. Unde et cum, ob virtutis incrementum, augmentum 
tudii atque cleri, ad preces et supplicaciones dilecti capellani vestri 
nagistri Johannis Carpenter, viri nostra opinione vita, moribus, doc- 
rina, necnon cunctis animi virtutibus inter ceteros alme Universitatis 
jnatris nostre alumnos prestantissimi, pro aula quadam nostra vocata 
Bedelhall ' in eadem Universitate predicta capellano vestro ac suc- 
:essoribus suis pro certa pensione annua in perpetuum concedenda, 
^ acra majestas vestra pluries scripserit ; nos vero, ut decet, sanctum 
estrum desiderium et felix dicti capellani vestri proposuum interna 
iientis acie considerantes, quum preterea estimatione nostra ex hac re 
Jniversitati matri nostre lucrum futurum sit, negare omnino non 
-udemus quod injungitis. At licet in eadem pensione decern solido- 
um, quam jam nuper obtulimus, queque admodum racionabilis nobis 

* vero MS. suniopcrc ib. ^ regca ib. 



202 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



fuisse videbatur, magnitudini vestre et litteris prioribus nos satisfecisse 
sperassemus, cum jam tamen per secundos apices eandem magni- 
tudinem de dicta pensione minima contentam esse intelligamus, tan- 
quam jussionibus et votis regiis omnium semper obsequiosissimi atque 
promptissimi filii, preter id quod a nobis prius est oblatum, contem- 
placione celsitudinis vestre prefato magistro nunc de duobus aliis 
opcionem atque eleccionem concedimus ; ad aulam videlicet integram 
emendam, vel cum victu alio commutandam, juxta tenorem sedule 
presentibus intercluse. Qua in re et serenitati vestre placabile sacri- 
ficium obtulisse, ac dicti magistri Johannis intencionem nos implesse 
confidimus. Illud autem humillime et devotissime a celsitudine vestra 
deposcimus, quatinus, si aulam predictam vel integre vendere, vel pro 
victu alio nos juxta votum vestrum commutare oporteat, ut eandem 
celsitudinem, in novo victu amortizando et incorporando, nobis 
graciosam et benevolam inveniamus. Oratores quoque vestri sumus 
et continue erimus. Et sacratissima majestas vestra diu prosperetur 
et floreat. Scrip turn Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Au- 
gust die prima, Humillima et perpetua oratrix vestra Universitas 
Oxoniensis. 

152. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

Fol. 59 b. If refinement of life and manners, if justice, magnificence, and liberality 
can confer immortal fame, surely it will be yours. In vain we search 
the records of the past, we find none to surpass you in divine knowledge 
and literary culture. And your fame is not confined to your own land, 
already it has crossed the sea and the Alps. A fiood of literature 
translated from the Greek to the Latin tongue and dedicated to your 
name is flowing onwards ; and not only so, but daily study and nightly 
watching are devoted to the production of works in our own language. 
It is indeed a grateful sight to see the number of volumes that now come 
to us from every part of the world. Under your patronage Greek 
literature, which had lain buried for so many centuries, has now come 
to life again. Now we can study in the original language the works 
of Plato, Aristotle, and the other Greek philosophers. And if the Latin 
races owe you thanks, how much more gratitude should we English 
feel, removed as we are from the rest of the world by intervening sea and 
land? Now, through your books, we can see the secret things that Africa 
and Asia have hitherto kept concealed. There was an University here it is 
true, but study there was none, for we had no books ! If then the Trojans 
boast of their Hector, the Thessalians their Achilles, the Macedonians 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



203 



'uir Alexander, the Romans iheir Caesar, we Oxonians are hound to 
\xtol our Humfrey with immortal gratitude and praise. The learer of 
' > will convey to you the indenture of your splendid benefaction, 

I Seremssimo atque illustrissimo principi, Humfredo duci Glowcestre, 1441. 
'-omiti Pembrochie et magno camerario Anglie, domino nostro gracio- 
issimo. 

j Si de clarissimis et spectatissimis in toto orbe principibus quisquam 
hominis immortalitatem unquam menierit, celsitudinem vestram, illus- 
rissime princeps, inter ceteros peculiari quodam modo perpetuam ac 
.mmortalem nominis gloriam credimus meniisse; si profecto de iis 
■ebus, e quibus sempitema fama atque memoria hominibus com- 
barantur, loquendimi fuerit. Quis \ita comptior, moribus formosior, 
*restis illustrior ; justicia, magnificencia, liberalitate, omni denique 
:::ute preclarior extitit, de hiis quos prisca etas maximo studio coluit 
.ion facile reperiemus. Tot quidem splendidissime virtutes ^, et ipsa 
i^uam maxime celestis ac di\"ina sciencia, necnon litteratura dignitatem 
Vestram adornant. ut non modo apud nostros eternum et indelebile ^ 

f' lomen feceritis, verum jam mare Alpesque transgresse. Non vobis, 
erenissime princeps, sed et toti Anglice nacioni famam et gloriam 
mextinguibilem acquisistis. Nullus enim inter principes Christianos, 
kpud Ytalos Grecosve scriptores celebrior. nullus clarior, nullus omnium 
pre personancior habetur. Quanta industria tot indies libri vestro 
iacratissimo nomini consecrati de Grecorimi fontibus in Latinam 
iinguam scaturiunt I Quantis insuper lugubracionibus et vigiliis, non 
h[iodo ut ceteri ex Grecis traducant, sed et contemplacioni magnitudinis 
i'estre nova in nostram Iinguam excudant opera, non nostrates solum 
ted ipsi etiam eloquentissimi et doctissimi de Italia \'iri insudaverunt ! 
Quot preterea non de Grecia, Latia, Ytaliave, sed de omnibus tocius 
prbis partibus volumina ad vos^ cotidie confluxerint satis superque * 
katis pulcmm et delectabile est intueri. Patrocinio vestro Grece ^, que 
multis jam seculis littere sepulte fuerant, re\ixere. Nunc Grecos 
philosophos, bene ^ivendi magistros, Platonem, Aristotelem, ceteros 
jquoque non superficie tenus, et intute uti per priores translaciones, 
.sed intus et in profundo [Latinis] ^ cernendi copia datur. Quod si 
jLatini omnes gracias abundantissimas sublimitati vestre justissime pro 
,;anto munere debeant, maxime nos Anglici, qui in angulo mundi con- 
otituti sumus : quos quanquam pelagus spaciosissimaque terrarum loca 
1 prospectu rerum mundialium impediant, per hos tamen libros et 
volumina vestra liber et propatulus omnium rerum datur intuiius. 

■ * virtutis MS. ^ inddibili ib. ^ nos ? * super saiisqiu satis MS. 

Grece qiu quae ib. *^ Latinis, apparently should be omiltcd, ib. 



204 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Nihil Africa, nihil Asia secretum continet, quod non in hiis volu- i > 

minibus aperte legamus. Studium litterarum, quod primum apud \ | 

Grecos, deinde apud Romanes, postremo apud Gallos fuisse testantur il ' 

historic, jam ope vestra in hanc almam patriam translatum est. Uni- i) ' 

versitas istic antea fortasse exstitit, studium vero non. Sine quibus il- 

profecto studium subsistere nequit, libri defuerunt; quos nunc omni ij 

thesauro preciosiores habemus. Si itaque Troyes suum Hectorem, I 

Thessali Achillem, Macedones Alexandrum, Romani Cesarem in I 

celum eternis laudibus efferant, nos Oxonienses nostrum Humfridum t 

immortalibus laudibus efferre debemus ; gracias insuper maximas pro '| 

- infinitis vestris beneficiis humillime exsolvere; quas sane toto corde | 

agimus, ac inter cetera precipue pro illo excelso et magnifico dono^ | 

librorum, quos per dilectos clericos vestros, viros multa virtute et | 

sciencia preclaros, confratres nostros magistros Willelmum Say, alme | 

hujus Universitatis procuratorem, et Johannem Kyrkby ad nos nuper | 

liberalissime destinastis : uti et per indenturam, serenitati vestre per | 

latorem presencium deportatam, oculis celsitudinis vestre poterit ap- | 

parere ^ : quam ad omnium nostrum gloriam diu feliciter prosperari I 

faciat Qui omnia potest. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis I 

Novemhris die decimo. Perpetua et humillima oratrix vestra Universitas i 

Oxoniensis. ■ 
Fol. 60 a. Indenture of acknowledgement of receipt of nine 

more books. ! 

1441. Hec indentura, facta inter venerabilem virum, magistrum Willelmum | 

Grey, Cancellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, magistrum Johannem t 

Kyllyngworth, ejusdem Universitatis alterum procuratorem, cetumque s 

venerabilem m.agistrorum regencium in eadem ex parte una, et magis- j 

tris Willelmum Say et Johannem Kyrkeby ex parte altera, testatur f 
quod nos, predicti Cancellarius, procurator, cetusque magistrorum 

regencium Universitatis antedicte, recepimus de prefatis magistris -i 

Willelmo et Johanne libros infrascriptos, ex dono illustrissimi principis ■ 
Humfridi ducis Gloucestrie ; In primis, videlicet, Rabanum 'Ad 

Lodowicum regem^ secundo folio, ^ Do??iino reverendissimo! Item, ( 
Augustinum ' De civitate Dei', secundo folio, ' in tabula de qualitatel 
Item, librum Augustini diversorum operum, videlicet, Musice,' ' Contra 
Manicheos^ et aliorum, secundo folio ' et cornos' Item, Augustini, qui 

Grece dicitur ' Exameron^ secundo folio ' spirituali.' Item, Augustini 'j 
* Super Genesiml cum aliis, secundo folio ' quia ubi! Item, Liber 

' Yponnosticon' Augustini, secundo folio ' prophete! Item, Augustini ^ 

' De vita Christiana' secundo folio, ' se invenisse.' Item, Titum Livium, \ 
secundo folio, ' -lo spes! Item, ' Concordancia super libros Senecel 
^ domo MS. ^ aproire ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



205 



;ecundo folio, ^ adversa.' Item, Novum opus ^ Super Arithmetic am,' 
lecundo foJio, * co?nbinacionis! In cujus rei testimonium, sigillum, &c. 

Testimonial letter for Master Alexander Robynet. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Novembris, anno 1441- 
3omini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo primo, sigillata erat 
jma littera testimonialis, sub sigillo et forma communi, pro magistro 
lUexandro Robynet, arcium magistro. 

1 

Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

Memorandum, quod tercio die mensis Februarii, sigillata fuit ac- 1441. 
ijuietancia Abbati et conventui de Enesham, de annua pensione 
^uinquaginta duorum solidorum, anno Domini millesimo quadrin- 
gentesimo quadragesimo primo. 

Eisdem anno et die, sigillata fuit acquietancia Abbati et conventui 
,le Osney de annua pensione viginti sex solidorum octo denariorum. 

Memorandum, quod quinto die mensis Februarii, anno Domini 
nillesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo primo, sigillata fuit ac- 
quietancia Abbati et Conventui de Enysham, de annua pensione 
edecim solidorum, pro centum pauperibus scolaribus pascendis in 
lie S. Nicholai, &c. 

I Memorandum, quod undevicesimo die Februarii, anno Domini mil- 
esimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo primo, sigillata erat quedam 
ittera testimonialis, de quadraginta solidis, liberatis custodibus ciste 
lomine Ele quondam Comitisse de Warwyk, per manus magistri 
ohannis Kyllyngworth, ad tunc procuratoris borealis ^. 

Ordinance for the Exeter Chest. Fol. 60 b. 

Whereas John, diiJie of Exeter , considering how charitable a work it 
s to relieve the wants of poor scholars, and so enable them to devote their 
ninds to knowledge and virtue, has, of his special regard for this Uni- 
versity, bequeathed to us the sum of one hundred marks ; we have deposited 
he said su??i in a 7tew chest provided for that purpose and to be called 
i the Exeter Chest 'for ever : and the said money shall be lejit to Masters 
tmd scholars under the conditions hereinafter stated. 

j Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 1441- 
ijuadragesimo primo, vicesimo tercio die Februarii, sigillata erat que- 
1am littera indentata sub tenore subscripto. 
Universis fidelibus, ad quos presentes littere pervencrint, Willelmus 



* borialis MS. 



206 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Grey, Canccllarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, cetusque unanimis magis- 
trorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem, salutem in omnium 
Salvatore. Inter cetera caritatis opera pium esse dinoscitur studencium 
necessitati consulere, necnon compassionis et misericordie oculos ad 
eorum relevandum indigencias convertere, ipsis de oportuno subsidio 
providendo ; ut, summotis ab eis inopie a studio distrahentis molestiis, 
tanto uberius exercitacione scolastica fructus afferatur sciencie, et vir- 
tutum, quanto abundancius, largiflua elemosinarum donacione, tempore 
oportuno de sua inedia^ fuerint relevati. Hac igitur consideracione 
motus et divinitus inspiratus, illustrissimus princeps Johannes dux 
Exoniensis, propter specialem benevolenciam et afifeccionem, quas ad 
magistros et scolares Universitatis nostre antedicte gessit, nobis ac 
Universitati predicte legavit ac donavit centum libras ; quas in pecunia 
numerata a venerabilibus viris magistro Thoma Walbore, cancellario 
capelle S. Stephani infra palacium regium in Westmonasterio, et 
Johanne Bertram, armigero, prefati ducis executoribus, nos recepisse 
et habuisse recognoscimus ; in quadam nova cista communi Universi- 
tatis ad hoc deputanda reponendas et conservandas. Quam cistam 
ex dicti serenissimi principis nomine cistam Exoniensem sive *de 
Exeter ' volumus perpetuo nominari : ac dictas centum Hbras in utili- 
tatem magistrorum et scolarium in Universitate nostra studencium, 
per viam mutui, converti, secundum modum et formam per nos 
ordinatos et subscriptos. 

■ t 

Desiring therefore to express our gratitude by making a spiritual 
recompence to the donor for this his temporal benefit, we admit him among 
the number of our benefactors ; and grant him a participation in all 
prayers and intercessions offered for them for ever. And when the 
Chaplain of the University goes round to all the schools to invite prayers 
for the benefactors, the name of the donor shall be specially mentioned. 
Also, on the festival of the Conversion of S. Paul every year, mass, for 
the repose of their souls, shall be said for the founder of this chest and 
Margaret his wife, and for their relations and executors, with special 
collects. And every regent Master shall attend until after the third 
' Agnus DeiJ and whosoever borrows from the said chest shall say five 
times the Pater noster and five times the Ave Maria for the said souls. 

Nos igitur, Cancellarius antedictus cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium et non-regencium Universitatis antedicte, prefati illus- 
trissimi principis erga nos et Universitatem nostram munificenciam 
ac largitatem graciarum accionibus amplectentes, sibique spiritualem 

^ inedie MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



207 



•etribucionem munerum rependere cupientes, eundem inter bene- 
actores Universitatis nostre admittimus ; concedentes eidem quod 
)articeps sit omnium bonorum, precum et suffragiorum, que pro 
)enefactoribus dicte Universitatis fient in perpetuum ; et quod nomen 
•jusdem nominibus benefactorum nostrorum inter cetera perpetuo 
.scribatur. Quodque, singulis annis, Capellano nostre Universi- 
atis circumeunte scolas magistrorum, ad orandum pro ejusdem Uni- 
•ersitatis benefactoribus, nomen prestantissimi died ac nobilissimi 
brincipis inter ceteros benefactores specialiter recitetur. Singulis in- 
uper annis, in festo conversion's S. Pauli, pro anima prefati illustris- 
imi domini et animabus Margarete consortis sue, parencium, pro- 
^enitorum, ac benefactorum suorum, necnon Thome et Johannis, 
;xecutorum ejusdem, et omnium fidelium defunctorum missa de 
requiem,' cum exsequiis mortuorum precedentibus, simul concur- 
enter cum missa et exsequiis serenissimi et illustrissimi Edwardi 
ercii, quondam regis Anglie, cum speciali collecta pro eisdem, post 
j)rimam collectam, a nobis et successoribus nostris fiet in perpetuum 
;elebris et solempnis, cum diacono et subdiacono ; singulis magistris 
egentibus ad hoc more solito convocandis : quorum quilibet hujus- 
nodi misse ad minus a principio Evangelii usque post tercium ^ Agnus 
Deil nisi prius petita a Cancellario licencia atque optenta, in fide 
)restita Universitati interesse teneatur. Item, quod quilibet mutuum 
lie dicta cista recipiens bona fide promittat, quod pro anima dicti 
brincipis, nec non animabus Margarete uxoris sue, parencium, pro- 
fenitorum ac benefactorum suorum, dictorumque executorum et 
bmnium fidelium defunctorum, quinquies oracionem Dominicam 
ociensque salutacionem Angelicam devote dicet. 

The regulations for the guardians of this chest shall be the same as 
'hose for the Laiigton Chest ; except that one of the guardians shall 
jlways be a member of Queens College, and all the statutes and customs 
low in force, or hereafter to be made for the management of the chests, 
\hall also be observed in the case of the Exeter Chest. 

, Quoad custodiam dicte ciste et summe pecunie reponende in eadem 
./olumus et concedimus, quod sit ejusdem condicionis, quoad singula, 
t;um cista venerabilis patris domini Johannis de Langton, episcopi 
i|uondam Cicestrensis ; hoc duntaxat excepto, quod tercius custos ciste 
bredicte, scilicet non-regens, erit semper de collegio Regine ; dummodo Fol. 61 a. 
per Universitatem in forma consueta nominatus, electus et ad hujusmodi 
|)fficium fideliter exsequendum juratus fuerit ; si sic electus acceptare 
;/oluerit. Item, quod omnia statuta et consuetudines laudabiles con- 
jervacionem cistarum concernencia, nunc per Universitatem nostram 



208 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



facta vcl in posterum facicnda, dum presenti ordinacioni nullatenus ; 
repugnent, circa predicte ciste custodiam obscrventur. Ad premissa 
autcm omnia et singula fideliter et sine fraude perpetuo facienda el \ 
inviolabiliter observanda, nos, Cancellarius et magistri predicti obliga- \ 
mus nos et successores nostros; et ea omnia facere et observare in j 
perpetuum promittimus bona fide. In cujus rei testimonium huic parti ! 
indenture, penes dictos executores remanenti, sigillum commune nostre | 
Universitatis est appensum. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo^ i 
vicesimo tercio die mensis Februarii, anno Domini millesimo quadrin- f 
gentesimo quadragesimo prima, et anno regtii regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum Anglie vicesimo. 

Testimonial letter issued for Master Roger Grey. ! 

Memorandum, quod septimo decimo die mensis Marcii, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo primo, sigillata fuit littera i 
testimonialis pro magistro Rogero Gray. 

153. 

To the King. 1 

We call to rememhrance with wonder the great benevolence you have 
shown towards us in the past, and there can be no greater proof of your 
abiding favour than that, in the midst of your cares and anxieties for 
the kingdom, you yet do not forget us. In truth the peace and safety of 
this seat of learning is, as you consider, above all things to be desired, 
and is an ornament and source of happiness to your kingdom. The 
discord and disturbances afnong us, have been wisely and mercifully 
handled by your prudent management, and we desire to express our 
eternal gratitude. 

Serenissimo principi, domino nostro metuendissimo, Henrico, Dei h 
gracia Anglie et Francie regi illustrissimo. ' ' 

Serenissimo et Christianissimo principi, Anglie et Francie illus- 
trissimo regi, subjecciones honores et gracias cum omni devocione et 
humilitate. Collecto superioris vite nostre studio nos rem magnificam 
et excelsam aggredi visum est, omnemque dicendi copiam anteire, 
dum vestra in nos beneficia, pietates et mansuetudines, invictissime 1 
ac metuendissime princeps, ante mentis nostre oculos studuimus ante- j 
poni ; quantisque, retroactis semper temporibus, banc vestram Univer- 
sitatem amplissimis graciis divinisque liberalitatibus vestra sacra : 
majestas ornavit. Quamque humana, quam pia, quam mansueta 
Universitatis vestre cura semper vos tenuit, et nunc tenet, humanissima 
nuper vestre serenitatis scripta docebant ; in quibus singularis in earn 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



209 



cujusdam pietatis, singulare et ammirabilis benevolencie vestre lumen 
illuxit. Equidem non videmus quid nobis humanius, quid bene- 
ficencius, quid denique vestra clemencia atque gloria dignius facere 
potuistis, quam, in maxima publicarum occupacionum sollicitudine, ad 
^elicitatem incolumitatemque Universitatis vestre pias benevolencie 
icies atque providentissime consideracionis oculos retorquere. Magna 
Drofecto pietas et regalis gracie culmine digna, quam nee plurimarum 
•erum cure, nec turbulentus status amplissimarum regionum atque 
errarum, que dicioni et imperio vestro sunt subjecte, a cognicione 
juoque hujus vestri celeberrimi litterarum monimenti, aut vestrorum 
utela revocavit : quasi incolumitatem tranquillitatemque ^ suam vobis 
)mnibus aliis rebus anteponendam, et ad ornamentum regni beati- 
udinemque imperii vestri magnopere redundaturam censeretis. 
taque, princeps serenissime, vestre celsitudini gracias eternas et 
mmortales agentes, banc sacram benevolenciam atque divinum in nos 
;tudium vestrum perpetua memoria sempiternaque observancia et 
flevocione venerari, colere et celebrare decrevimus. Nam quod 
inatrem nostram vestram devotissimam oratricem, que a divinis retro 
)rincipibus progenitoribus vestris preclare fundata, a vestra vero 
ilemencia non solum conservata verum eciam amplissimis rebus Fol. 61 b. 
mplificata fuerit, jam nuper domesticis perturbacionibus, et intestinis 
edicionibus laceratam, t.am humaniter tamque clementer in ejus turbu- 
2nto statu tractaveritis, et humanitatem vestram congratulando colimus, 
t admirando veneramur sapienciam. Vidit profecto vestra summa 
apiencia atque virtus in sapientibus, et in iis qui bonis artibus et 
apiencie studiis diligenter incumbant, non autem in illis perditis et 
ediciosis hominibus, qui sua temeritate ac furore bonos et studiosos 
iros sollicitant, vestram Universitatem consistere ; indignumque esse 
t, propter paucorum improbitatem, matris nostre languentis integritas 
t innocencia aliqua jactura aut pena afficiatur. Itaque vestra provi- 
encia regia illis improbis et sediciosis maximum incussit terrorem, 
tque vestra clemencia Universitatem concussam et indigne vexatam, 
t quasi in sinum vestrum, ut ita loquamur, confugientem summa 
enevolencia et divina pietate complectitur. Unde effectum est ut 
lali, consciencia malefactorum et juste pene formidine, contabescant ; 
't vestra Universitas de magna perturbacione exui gaudens, spe nunc 
rientis et exsequende continuandeque quietis, vestre serenitatis tutela 
!tetur. Quare, princeps clementissime, et sapiencie et humanitati 
?stre congratulamur, summas integre et inexhaustas gracias agentes ; 
bsecramusque accuratissime et humillime obtestamur, quod hujus- 
lodi benevolencie humanitatisque vestre persevcranciam nobis vestra 
* incolwnitatemque traftquillitatem MS. 
P 



'2IO EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

celsitudo concedat. Floreatque in multas etates gloria, virtus et 
magnificencia vestra, semper cum victoria et triumpho. Scriptum\ 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Marcii die septimo decimoA 
Vestre celsitudinis humillima et devotissima oratrix Universitas vestris 
studii Oxoniensis. 



154. 
To the King. 

The faculty of A rts; as it was the first in time so it has ever enjoyed\ 
the highest privileges at Oxford. But never has it conferred more\ 
honour on the University and on your realm than at this time. Lectures^ 
on every art and philosophy are now delivered without fee to all, and\ 
we are sorry to find that the Grammar masters endeavour to prejudtce\ 
your mind against the faculty of Arts, objecting to the payment always^ 
hitherto made by them to the Masters teaching in Arts. We have, ifi 
submission to your command, forehorne to enforce the payment, hut we 
assure you that it has been invariably paid in the past, and that the t 
Grammar masters are bound by their oath to pay it. Master William Say ' 
will wait upon you and give full information. ♦ 

1442. LiTTERA sigillata et missa domino nostro regi, secundo die May 
1442 ^ 

Serenissime atque illustrissime princeps in quanta veneracione ac 
dileccione percelebris arcium facultas ab^ inclitissime memorie pro- 
genitoribus vestris semper habita sit, hoc nedum ex eo palam fit, 
quod ipsa inter precipuas ac celeberrimas facultates in hac preclarissima 
Universitate vestra primum docta, instituta, et fundata fuerit \ verum 
maximis dotata privilegiis et libertatibus adornata. Quamobrem, uti 
in aliis mundi Universitatibus et studiis singulariter alie pollent facul- 
tates et sciencie, ita et in firmamento hujus alme Universitatis vestre'' 
artes peculiari quodam modo semper choruscasse et splenduisse nos- 
cuntur. Quod si unquam laudis et honoris splendorem, vel fame 
titulum huic splendidissime Universitati aut famosissimo regno vestro, 
per aliquot retroacta tempora progenitorum vestrorum, artes attulerint, 
nunquam tamen magis quam his felicissimis diebus vestris ; quum 
primum non pro vili precio et particulatim seu in privato, ut olim 
consueverunt, sed gratis, integre et in publico omnes artes, omnes 
philosophie leguntur. Istud bonum, Christianissime princeps, sub 

^ This unusual form of superscription has the date, as here given, in ordinary 
figures, MS. ^ ad ib. ^ At this place, in the margin of the MS., are written 
in contemporary hand the words ' contra magistros grammatice^ 



I 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



211 



'ortunatissimo vestro imperio jam sola possidet Oxonia, quo reliqua 

n toto orbe studia et Universitates carere dicuntur, quod et in sereni- 

:atis vestre gloriam ac regni vestri decorem baud dubium est quam * 

Tiaxime redundare. Hec, princeps excellentissime, sunt que favorem 

It graciam regiam in tarn nobilem et insignem facultatem, necnon in 

ibertatum, immunitatum, et consuetudinum ejusdem tutelam, trahere 

it inclinare debent. Sed, quod dolenter satis referimus, ut ex sa- 

:rissimis litteris vestris jam nuper accepimus, quidam facultatis gram- 

natice nimis ingrati, et alme Universitatis vestre indemnitati non satis 

imici, conati sunt ut celsitudo regia longe in partem adversam et 

:ontra tarn preclaram facnltatem persuasa sit ; occasione pensionis 

:ujusdam irracionabiliter nimis, ut inquiunt, ab ipsis informatoribus 

^rammatice per arcium magistros exacte atque levate. Qua in re 

ignavit nobis serenitas vestra exaccionem hujusmodi pensionis differri, 

[uoadusque plenius necnon expressius majestas vestra docta et infor- 

nata esset : quod revera in hunc diem juxta metuendissimum vestrum 

'Qandatum devote atque humiliter fecimus, quamvis procul a racione 

•ensionem istam exigi ac peti eos asserere vel sic majestatem vestram 

mformasse minime decuisset ; rei veraci fundamento longe aliter se Fol. 62 a. 

abente, presertim quum juxta ^ vetustissimas et antiquissimas con- 

uetudines Universitatis, ad quarum observacionem eciam ipsi gram- 

latice magistri sint astricti in vinculo juramenti, pro certis indemni- 

itibus facultatis arcium hujusmodi pensio peti, solvi et levari ab 

lim et hactenus consuevit ; sicuti precarissimus confrater noster, 

ervus celsitudinis vestre, magister W. Say, habet eandem celsitudinem 

ostra ex parte de hac re cercius informare''. Cui, obsecramus 

umillim.e, favorem et benignam audienciam in premissis, necnon 

sgium munimen in defensionem libertatum et consuetudinum facul- 

iti.s antedicte prestare dignetur regia majestas. Que in eternum 

Great et gaudeat. Scripitm, 6fc. 

.etters testimonial for Masters William Mores, Thomas 
flfernys, William Askeby, John Stakpoll and Robert Mot- 
ford ^ 

' Memorandum, quod undecimo die mensis May, anno Domini ^ 1442. 
lillesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, sigillata est littera 
:slimonialis pro fratre Willelmo Mores, ordinis predicatorum sacre 
leologie professore, sub forma communi. 

I Memorandum, quod octavo die mensis Junii, anno Domini mil- 

' quid maximc MS. ^ vixta ib. ^ informari ib. ■* Or peril njis 

Hlford ib. anno Domini omitted ib. 

P 2 



212 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

lesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, sigillata est litterSi 
testimonialis pro magistro Thoma ffernys, doctore juris canonici, 
sub forma communi. 

Memorandum, quod septimo decimo die mensis Junii, anno Dominii 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, sigillata est litterai 
testimonialis pro magistro Willelmo Askeby, arcium magistro, sut 
forma communi. 

Memorandum, quod nono decimo die mensis Junii, anno Dominii 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, sigillata erat littera 
testimonialis pro magistro Johanne Stakpoll, decretorum doctore, sub 
forma communi. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo sexto die Junii, magister Robertus' 
Motford, arcium magister, habuit literam testimonialem sigillo com-f 
muni Universitatis sigillatam. 



155- . 

Citation of John Brasyll. 

Whereas John Brasyll was licensed on the usual terms, and has J 
nevertheless ml paid the statutable fee for the same within the time pre- \ 
scribed^ thereby incurring the guilt of perjury ; now therefore we, the 
Chancellor and Masters, require you Matthew de Mongrede, Robert Powere^^ 
John Londres, and Maurice Conowr, our sworn messengers, jointly and 
severally, to cite or cause to be cited the said fohn Brasyll to appear 
before us in our house of Congregation, within two days thereafter ; and 
show cause, if any there he, why we should not proceed to pass sentence 
of excommunication and deprivation of degrees in due form, and further 
that you advise us as to what you shall have done in the premisses. 

Forma citacionis pro Johanne Brasyll, vicesimo die mensis Junii, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo. 

Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magis- 
trorum regencium in eadem Matheo de Mongrede, Roberto Powere, 
decano Lymeresyn, Johanni Londres, et Mauricio Conowre, nunciis 
nostris juratis et ad presens nostrum mandatum exsequendum speci- 
aliter deputatis, salutem. Cum auctoritate Universitatis antedicte sit 
statutum diuturnaque et laudabili consuetudine observatum, quod si 
quis licenciatus fuerit in grammatica, artibus, aut medicina; et secundum 
consuetudines ejusdem Universitatis infra annum proxime sequentem 
suam licenciacionem non inceperit, si non promotus triginta solidos, 
si vero promotus sexaginta solidos communi ciste Universitatis pre- 
dicte, infra octo dies post completum annum a tempore sue licen- 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



213 



iacionis sive graduacione, solvere teneatur ; atque quidam Johannes 
jrasyll, in grammatica licenciaius, etsi tempore licenciacionis sue ad 
bsen-acionem statuti hujusmodi, juxta formam statutorum et con- 
uetudinum Universitatis predicte juramento specialiter et corporaliter 
restito, fuerit astrictus ; eidem tamen statuto consuetudini aut jura- 
lento suo. infra tempus in eodem statuto. ut premiuitur, compre- 
ensum. minime obcemperare cura\it; unde constat eum in crimen 
'sionis fidei et perjurii e\identer incurrisse.. in anime sue grave peri- 
Lilum dicteque Universitatis dampnum non modicum et gravamen : 
Dbis igitur, communiter et dinsim, committimus et firmiter injimgendo 
landamus, quatinus citetis, seu citari faciatis, peremptorie predictum 
Dhannem Brasyll ; quem et nos peremiptorie citamus per presentes ; 
t paralus compareat coram nobis in domo nostre congregacionis ^ 
niversiratis antedicte, infra duos dies post ci:acionem sibi factam, 
ji hac parte ; causam racionabilem, si quam habeat, allegaturus quare 
pntra ipsum, occasione premissa, per nos ad sentencias excommu- 
Jcacionis et degradacionis, juxta \im, formam. et eilectum statutorum 
''niversitatis sepedicte procedi non debeat; ulteriusque facturus ei'^ 
^ceptunis quod justicia suadebit in hac parte ; quem quidem ter- 
linum, propter vianma distanciam et imminens anime sue periculum, 
1 duximus moderandum. Et quid feceritis in premissis nos. dictis 
.e et loco, debite certificetis per vestras, seu sic certificet ille vestrum 
li presens mandatum nostrum fuerit assecuius per suas, Htteras 
itentes, harum seriem condnentes, sigillo autendco sigillatas. Datum 
xonie in nostre congregacionis domo, sub Universitatis predicte commtmi 
gillo, viensis Jtmii die vicesimo octavo, anno Domini millesimo quadrin- 
ntesimo quadragesiino seciindo, 

156. 

To the Pope. Fol. 62 b. 

Though your care extends to every member of the Church, yet those 
ho are known to be in a special degree zealous for her welfare are more 

aciously admitted to a favourable audience : we therefore humbly cn- 
eatyour holiness to incline your ear to the request of Master Richard 
iouchamp, a member of this University and illustrious by birth, virtue, 
id learning. 

SAhXTissiMO in Christo patri et domino, Domino nostro Eugenic, 1443. 
vina providencia sacre Romane ecclesie summo pontiiici. 
Sanclissime in Christo pater, filiali et solila reconimendacionc prc- 
^ coHgt cgacionuni MS. ^ et omiitcd iu MS, 



214 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



I 



missa, cum devolissimis pariter et humillimis terre osculis ante pedes :j| 
Licet ubilibct in orbe terrarum militanlis ecclesie summi et tarn excels! f 
patris cura singulis aperiat sinum graciosum ; illos tamen specialius 
ad faventis exaudicionis graciam solet admittere, qui sacratissime sue 
sponse ecclesie peculiariores dinoscuntur et fervidi zelatores. Hinc ; 
humillima apostolice sanctitatis vestre filia, Universitas Oxoniensis I 
mater nostra, prosternit se in humilitatis spiritu pro suo carissimo filio, ! 
confratre nostro, ex maternis uberibus quam solidis nobilissime edu-. 
cato, magistro Ricardo Beauchampe, sacrorum canonum doctorei 
disertissimo, in dicta nostra Universitate creato ; quem tarn ingenue t 
nobilitatis sanguis quam concors virtutum caterva predicant redi- i 
mitum, universalis ecclesie fidei sanctitatisque vestre fervidum zela- j 
torem: supplicans humiliter et devote quatinus sincere sue matrisf 
ancille vestre precibus, pro tarn bene merito filio deprecantis, sanctissimai 
paternitas vestra aures dignetur adhibere graciosas ; ipsumque una I 
cum emergentibus pro eo negociis suscipere commendatum, ut prefate J 
sue matris instancias cum effectu sibi senciat profuisse. Vestramii 
sanctitatem, ad universalis ecclesie solacium et munimen, semper in j' 
prosperis conservet diutine cujus vicem geritis, Filius Virginisl' 
gloriose. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, octodecimo^ 
die mensis Augusti. Humillima apostolice sanctitatis ancilla Univer-j 
sitas Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Kyngston. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Octobris, annou 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, sigillata' 
erat littera testimonialis pro magistro Johanne Kyngston, doctore in I 
theologia, sub forma communi, cum hac clausula, viz. quod laudabiliter 
suam regenciam compkvit, &c. 

Pension for retiring bedel. 

Whereas Richard Glentworih has for many years discharged the duties 
of inferior bedel of the faculty of Arts, and in the execution of that office , 
has suffered much trouble and pecuniary loss by the persecution of enemies 
of the University, and is now in his old age and infirmity no longer 
able to perform his duties, a pension is hereby granted to him of forty 

shillings a year and a gown of the value of ten shillings. j 

i' 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo secundo die Octobris sigillata est ji 
littera sub sigillo communi pro Ricardo, ad tunc bedello inferiori in | 
facultate arcium. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 215 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus presentes litteras visuris vel audituris 
Henricus Sever, sacre theologie professor, alme Universitatis Oxoni- 
ensis Cancellarius, Rogerus Grey et Thomas Walkyngton, ejusdem 
Universitatis procuratores, cetusque unanimis magistrorum regen- 
cium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. Quia Ricardus 
Glentworth^, facultatis arcium inferior bidellus, qui diligenter eidem 
Universitati per tempora servivit diuturna in officio predicto ; necnon, 
racione execucionis ejusdem officii predicti, per quorumdam dicte 
Universitatis emulorum vexaciones injustas pariter et iniquas bona 
perdidit quam plurima, ac jam senio confractus et in varias infirmi- 
tatum molestias collapsus officium predictum minime sufficit exercere : 
Hinc nos, Cancellarius, procuratores, et magistri regentes concessimus 
graciose eidem Ricardo, pro nobis et successoribus nostris, durante 
vita sua, quadraginta solidos sterlingorum ; solvendorum eidem 
Ricardo annuatim ad quatuor anni terminos, per equales porciones ; 
et unam togam, erga festum natale Domini annuatim, valoris decern 
, solidorum. Ad quas quidem summam et togam sic fideliter solvendas 
et liberandas, ut predicitur, volumus et concedimus, pro nobis et 
successoribus nostris, quod nullus ad dictum officium in posterum, 
durante vita predicti Ricardi, admittatur, nisi prius coram Cancellario 
et procuratoribus, pro tempore existentibus, in plena congregacione 
pro tempore suo suffieientem inveniat securitatem. In cujus rei 
testimonium, sigillum nostre Universitatis commune presentibus est 
appensum. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacioiiis domo, vicesimo 
^eptimo die mensis Octobris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quadragesimo secundo, annoque regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestuin 
vicesimo primo. 

157^ 

To the Lord Chancellor. Fol. 63 a. 

One John Skibow is prosecuting for debt in your court one of our 
stationers, John More ; in violation of our privileges, as the schedule 
inclosed [extracted from the charter granted us by King Henry IVth) 
plainly shows: we humbly pray, therefore, that you will stop the said 
' prosecution and remit the cause to be tried and determined by us here. 
Master Roger Grey, one of our proctors, is charged to explain the case 
to you, and we invite your entire confidence in his statement. 

Reverende in Ciiristo pater et domine, protector noster specialissime, 1442. 
I dominacioni vestre nos humiliter commendatos offcrimus ; sub cujus 

^ Or perhaps Clenlworth MS. ^ No address, but apparently to the Lord 

Chancellor. 



2l6 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



protoccionis magnifica prudencia nostre Universitatis et necessitudinis 
negocia piis defensionibus et favoribus amplexari. Quotiens aliquibus 
mater nostra Universitas pregravatur incommodis ad paternitatem 
vestram, ut ad inflexibilem recurrit justicie columnam; quam inter 
varies rerum eventus nostrum defensorem semper invenimus gracio- 
sum. Cum quidam Rogerus Skibow, cum breve de pretenso debito, 
prosequitur in cancellaria domini regis Johannem More, communein 
servientem nostrum, unum stationariorum nostre Universitatis ; contra 
tenorem privilegiorum nostrorum — ut liquet in scedula presentibus 
inclusa, extracta de charta recolende nobis in eternum memorie 
domini Henrici quarti, eidem Universitati concessa — quamobrem 
paternitati vestre supplicamus humiliter et devote, quatinus mandare 
dignemini in prefata Cancellaria hujusmodi prosecucionem et placitum 
cessari ; sed in dicta Universitate prosequi et penitus terminari : ut 
predicta privilegia nostra, ab illustribus regibus Anglie nobis concessa, 
et a serenissimo domino nostro rege nunc confirmata, illesa conservari 
valeant et defendi. Cetera, pro parte nostre Universitatis dominacioni 
vestre declaranda, honorabili viro, magistro Rogero Grey, ejusdem 
Universitatis altero procuratori, commisimus; cujus relatibus ob- 
secramus humillime fidem credulam in his adhiberi. Et graciosa 
paternitas vestra in prosperitate votiva diu sub Domino valeat, ad 
sui honoris augmentum et meritum in hac via. Scriptum Oxonie in 
nostre congregacionis dojno vicesimo primo die Januarii, Reverende 
paternitatis vestre oratrix specialis Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

The benefits you have conferred on the nation are imperishable ; the 
actions of the just smell sweet and blossom in the dust. And that which 
confers the greatest splendour upon your name is that, after your 
successful repression of hereticlzs, you have endowed this University with 
books on every science ; from which the press of study may squeeze the 
wine of knowledge and truth, — surely no nation, no University had ever 
such a prince ; victorious, liberal, charitable, just I We have made 
a statute to secure your perpetual remembrance in our prayers, that 
neither the lapse of tiine may efface the memory of your fame, nor the 
glory of your future life eclipse the brightness of the past. 

Illustrissime, litteratlssime et magnifice princeps, beneficiorum 
vestrorum in republica Anglicana sinceritas vivax, ac prepotentis 
^ No address, but to Duke of Gloucester. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



217 



:elsitudinis vestre in eadem merita emori non possunt, sed fama 
juratura percelebri nova semper laude recordacioneque redolebunt 
elici. Quam dulce nobis ceite super eis iterum atque iterum cogitare! 
[nter cetera tamen id ipsum potentissime serenitatis vestre magno 
splendori^ est, quod, post repressionem hereticorum contra Dei 
acclesiam machinancium per vos factam, potissime vineam Domini, 
mcillam vestram Universitatem Oxoniensem, libris omnium scien- 
:iarum et virtutum instaurastis ; e quibus abunde vina sciencie et 
v^eritatis torculare studii premantur. Inde gracias, inde laudes, inde 
;^ota nostra his litteris humilibus explicamus ; sed non sufficimus ad 
j:ondignum. Que Universitatum tam munificum, tam illustrem, tam 
imagnificum experta est principem ? cui milicia semper invicta, animus Fol. 63 b. 
jliberalissimus, cujus caritas in omnes, justicia ad singulos, injuria in 
pullos. Quis sapiencium honorator tam pius, sustentator tam efficax, 
jscienciarum, virtutum ac librorum amplificator tam prodigus? quibus 
non modo illuminata vivencium sunt corda, ad Dei laudem et virtutis 
crementum ; sed per secula futura amplius illustrabitur posteritas 
futurorum. An delabi potest tantarum rerum memoria felix? Non: 
sed semper in benediccione erit. Statuitur, et execucione continua 
jfirmatur, in dicta oratrice vestra lex pro vobis oracionum non de- 
jfutura, sed in memoriale perpetuum permansura. Quare, etsi lique- 
scere fluxu temporis, aut exortu majorum obumbrata perire ceterorum 
Ifama principum possit, vestra tamen oblivionis perire sub nube non 
jpotest; nec umbra majorum beneficiorum verisimiliter occultari. Si 
Alexandri victoriosissima facta ad aures indies renovata redeunt per 
jsapiencium Grecorum scemata qui talia commisere scriptis; quanto 
Jmagis Universitas vestra oratrix devota in finem seculi opera vestra 
jtestabitur magnifica, tum oracionibus turn scripturis ? Immo, si lingua 
Isileret cunctorum, testabitur magis quam loquendo res ipsa: ipsa, 
jvidelicet, preciosissima theologie, medicine et septem scienciarum - 
'liberalium numero centum triginta et novem volumina, in libraria 
iibidem ex vestra collacione reposita, in summarum virtutis et munifi- 
cencie vestrarum testimonium sempiternum. Precamur igitur banc 
Universitatem vestram considerare^ veJitis ut vineam, ut ancillam 
(vestram et perpetuam oratricem. Et Ipse Dominus gloriosus, qui 
ad tanta benefacienda serenitatem vestram selegit, vobis fructus Spiritus 
concedat, et ad universitatem sanctorum conducat. Scripium Oxo?n'e 
in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Januarii die quinto et vicesivio, 
jSerenitatis vestre humillima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

' speudori MS. ^ comidere ib. 



2l8 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Acquittance of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1442. Memorandum, quod sexto die mensis Februarii sigillata fuerat 
acquielancia pro Abbate et conventu de Eynsham, de sexaginta octo 
solidis, de anno regni regis Henrici sexti vicesimo primo, sub forma 
communi, que patet prius folio tricesimo quarto. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo die Marcii sigillata erat acquietancia 
pro Abbate et conventu de Osney, de viginti sex solidis octo denariis 
annue pensionis, pro anno regni regis Henrici sexti vicesimo primo, 
sub forma communi, ut supra. 

Testimonial letters for Masters William Kynwolmershe, 
Clement ffelmyngham, Roger Gray, and John Halywey. 

1443. Memorandum, quod secundo die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo tercio, sigillata est littera 
testimonialis pro magistro Willelmo Kynwolmershe sub forma com- 
muni ; hoc addito quod additur, quod ipse hacallarius formatus. 

Memorandum, quod quarto die mensis Junii, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo quadragesimo tercio, sigillata est littera testimonialis 
pro fratre Clemente ffelmyngham, doctore sacre theologie, sub forma 
communi, ut supra. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quadragesimo tercio, quinto die mensis Julii, sigillata est littera testi- 
monialis pro magistro Rogero Gray, arcium magistro, sub forma 
communi ; hoc addito^ ' nostre Universitatis nuper providi procuratore 
et pads ejusdem fervidi defensor e! 

Item, in eodem die sigillata est littera testimonialis pro niagistro 
Johanne Halywey, sub forma communi, &c. 

159- 

Fol. 64 a. Indemnification of the Proctors. 

The University undertakes io defend, and indemnify for any toss, the 
two proctors, who are at present being prosecuted in a lawsuit by certain 
graduates in Civil Law. 

1443. Universis Christi fidelibus, ad quos presentes littere pervenerint, 
Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regencium in eadem, salutem in omnium Salvatore. Quia ad requisi- 
cionem et instanciam quorumdam civilistarum deliberatum erat per 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



219 



Universitatem Oxoniensem, tercio decimo die mensis Marcii, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo secundo, in plena 
congregacione regencium omnium facultatum in eadem ; quod si 
contingat Universitatem predictam esse absque doctore juris civilis, 
procuratores ejusdem Universitatis haberent potestatem, sicut et in 
aliis actibus habent, deputandi aliquem magistrum arcium, qui, in 
defectu talis doctoris, valeat scolares facultatis juris predicti ad ejusdem 
facultatis gradus presentare; quam quidem deliberacionem quidam 
ejusdem Universitatis civiliste impugnantes, vexant injuste venerabiles 
viros magistros Rogerum Grey et Thomam Walkyngton, confratres 
nostros et nostre Universitatis procuratores : Hinc dicta Universitas 
I in predicta hujusmodi causa per ipsos civilistas, ut predictum est, 
j mota et non per prefatos procuratores, concedit et obligat se per 
I presentes dictos magistros defendere et servare indemnes, et eorum 
utrumque, quantum ad predictam causam, sumptibus et expensis 
ipsius Universitatis. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in nostre 
congregacionis domo, mensis Maii die quinto, anno regni regis Henrici 
sexti post conquestum vicesimo primo. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Eboralle. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
f quadragesimo tercio, sexto die mensis Junii, sigillate sunt littere 
: testimoniales pro magistro Thoma Eboralle, doctore sacre theologie, 
! sub forma communi. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quadragesimo tercio, sexto decimo die mensis Augusti, erant tres 
! littere sigillate ab Universitate, domino Cardinali Eboracensi, comiti 
Northumbrie, et decano et capitulo Eboracensi sub formis se-- 
j quentibus, 

160. 

To the Archbishop of York. 

Nothing makes the spiritual father more beloved than his favour 
\ shown to the seats of learning, wherein rises the light by iLhich hngs are 
\ guided in goverrmmit, the morals of Christiatis are reformed, and 
\ heresies extirpated in the Church. The earl of Northumberland has 
given the advowson of the church of Ariiclyffe to University College, our 
eldest daughter ; we pray you therefore, as a mother might appeal to the 
affection of her sort, that, considering the impoverished condition of the 



220 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



said college at this time, you and the chapter of your cathedral will he 
favourable to this society in the appropriation of the benefice. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, Dei 
gracia Arcliiepiscopo Eboracensi, Cardinali presbytero, Anglie primali, 
nostro domino gracioso. 
1443. Reverencias numillimas et oracionum tributa penes Deum. Reve- 
rendissime pater, ex variis catholicorum edocemur sentenciis, quod 
spiritualis patris fama tunc lacius crescit ^ in orbe, flosque immarcidus 
sui iionoris dignissime laudis fragrancia redolescit in populo, cum 
benevolencie sue radios ad loca specialius emiserit studiosa ; in quibus 
oritur lumen sciencie, quo reges regunt subditos, mores reformantur 
Christianorum, et horrenda extirpantur genimina heresium et errorum. 
Et quia dominus comes Northumbrie ex gracia sua contulit advoca- 
cionem ecclesie parochialis de Arunclyffe, vestre diocesis, ad augmen- 
tum salutaris sciencie, collegio ' Universitatis ' vulgate nuncupato, pro 
sacra theologia fundato, que est senior filia nostra; igitur ad vestre 
paternitatis graciam, quem quondam in tenera etate nostri lactis 
pavimus dulcedine, confidencie vestre alas induimus convolando; 
supplicantes corditer ut mater ad filium, et humiliter ut filia ad patrem, 
quatenus in appropriacione ecclesie predicte, per graciam vestram et 
per capitulum Eboracense expedite fienda, pium vestrum paternum 
favorem prebere dignemini graciose ; considerantes paupertatem dicti 
collegii, propter graves expensas in reparacione ruinosarum edium 
sui victus ; ut has nostras preces, devote pro se oblatas, sibi senciat 
profuisse. Reverendissimam paternitatem vestram, ad ecclesie regimen 
fideique munimen, sic dirigat in terris Deus ipse, ut finaliter collocet 
cum beatis. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre convocacionis do?no, mensis 
Augusti die sexto decimo. Oratrix vestra Universitas Oxonie. 

161. 

Fol. 64 b. To the Earl of Northumberland. 

Immortal honour is by nothing so certainly won as by those actions 
which foster the true faith, banish heresy, and provide medicine for the 
soul. Of this kind is your magnificent benefaction to our elder daughter, 
University College. We doubt not but thai a full reward awaits you in 
heaven ; and, for our part, we shall not fail to pray for your welfare 
in this life and repose after death, 
1443. NoBiLissiME probitatis domino, Domino Henrico Percy, comiti 
Northumbrie et domino honoris de Cokyrmouth. liluslri et mag- 
nanimo domino, catholice fidei inexpugnabili turri, ob relevamen 

^ diesit MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



221 



ecclesie et cleri, post militaris cinguli* strenuitatem in terris cum 
gloriosis Christi militibus eterne beatitudinis laurea insigniri ! Cum 
inter ceteras reipublice curas nullum opus magis facit nomen principis 
indelibili memoria laudabilibus attoUi preconiis, quam quo fides 
pululat, heresis exulat, vineaque doctrine fructificat ad remedium 
animarum ; unde serenam dominacionem vestram inestimabilis 
Spiritus sancti clemencia inspiravit; cum sacre theologie studium, 
i videlicet collegium Universitatis, vulgate nuncupatum nostram seni- 
\ orem filiam, magnifice promovistis, ad munimen et incrementum fidei 
! ortodoxe : ubi memoriale nominis vestri percelebris vivet in seculum 
seculi apud Deum, et a generacione in generacionem apud homines in 
€ternum. In quo facto in hac terrestriali vita Deo uniri disposuistis 
nos per graciam, et in futuro per fruicionem beatifice visionis. O leta 
unio creature suo creator! per naturam, O letior unio racionabilis 
{ anime Omnipotenti per graciam, O letissima unio comprehensoris toti 
ineffabili Trinitati per gloriam ! Ille igitur felix merito est dicendus, 
qui id agit opus quo ad talem unitatem valeat respirare : Profecto 
condigne remuneracionis vera munera magnanimitati vestre parantur 
in celis, cum militum suorum reminiscetur Deus, quos sue virtutis 
premii gloria saciabit. Nos quoque devotarum graciarum tributa, 
que valemus, dominacioni vestre persolvimus ; nec deerunt nostrarum 
oracionum incensa pro prosperitate vestra in via et requie post banc 
lucem. Dominacionem vestram, ad felix ecclesie regimen et regni 
\ robur, preservet cum victoria potencia omnium Creatoris. Scriptum 
I Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Angus ti die sexto decimo. 
Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum^ 
regencium non-regenciumque in eadem. 

162. 

To the Dean and Chapter of York. 

Whereas the Earl of Northumberland has given the advowson of 
Arncliffe to University College, a society founded solely for the study 
1 of theology, we beg that you will not hinder the appropriation of the 
j benefice, remembering the great poverty of the said college owing to the 
j ruinous condition of its buildings. 
I 

Venerabilibus magistris, dominis decano et capitulo ecclesie 1443. 
metropolitane Eboracensis. Venerabiles magistri, nobis specialiter 

* This word seems to have been spelt singiili in the MS. and then corrected, but 
the writing is very faint and difficult here. ^ ?nagistroruf}i ref^cncitinujuc MS. 



222 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



benivoli, felicissima successuum incrementa votiva, et sinceris cum 
affeclubiis annuere postulatis. Quia nuper ex Spiritus clemencia 
septiformis pio cordi domini comitis Northumbrie inspiratum erat 
celitus, ut, ad Dei laudis honorem augmentumque studii salutaris, 
conferret advocacionem ecclesie parochialis de ArunclyfFe Eboracensis 
diocesis collegio Universitatis, vulgate nuncupate seniori filie nostra, 
pro sacre theologie solum studio fundato; ut lumen fidei nullatenus 
paciatur eclipsim, sed clarius omni populo elucescat: igitur vestri 
capituli venerabilis cetui devota precum libamina effundimus pia 
mente ; unanimiter supplicantes, quatenus circa appropriacioncm 
dicte ecclesie, prefato collegio fiendam, favorem vestrum benignum 
graciosa cum benevolencia adhibere dignemini ; pio animo con- 
siderantes paupertatem dicti collegii, propter importabiles expensas 
ruinosarum edium victus sui; ut has matris^ preces deprecantis pro 
filia sibi cum effectu senciat valituras. Et venerabilem cetum vestrum 
de bono semper in melius prosperare faciat Trinitas benedicta. 
Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Augusti die 
sexto decimo. Universitas Oxoniensis. 

163. 

To Mr. Thomas Knolle3, citizen of London and grocer. 

We hear that you regard our University with favour, and propose to 
give us a copy of fosephus' ' antiquities! This is a happy thought ; for 
we possess not the boolz ; and now, instead of being in private hands and 
' hidden under a bushel,' it will be raised aloft to give light to all in the 
household of God. Doubtless the beatific vision will be the reward of 
those whose actions have strengthened the faith ; and, in the mean -time, 
we shall pray for your welfare here ajtd hereafter. 

1443. Venerabili viro et sensato Thome Knolle5, civitatis Londoniensis 
civi et grossero. Venerabilis domine, felicium incrementa successuum 
semper prospero cum honore. Quia ex fidedigne relacionis serie 
nuper concepimus, quod amicicie vestre grata benignitas Universi- 
tatem nostram piis amplexatur favoribus, et in hujus signum quendam 
librum Josephi 'in antiquitatibus' proponitis eidem Universitati largiri; 
in quo facto percelebre memoriale vestrum lucebit omni populo, ad 
vestri meriti augmentum coram Altissimo consequendum, — O felix 
intencio vestra, felicius propositum, felicissimaque execucio ! quoniam 
tantam historiarum lucem inocciduam, nec prius inter nos habitam, 
non sub modio in privato loco, sed altam super columpnam erigi 

^ inatres MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



223 



publico decrevistis, ut omnibus luceat qui in domo Domini sunt, ad 
Dei honorem et gloriam, scintillantisque fame splendoribus in orbe 
prerutilet universe. Presertim inter cetera pietatis opera id magis 
putamus in animarum redundare salutem, quod ^ ad ortodoxe fidei 
fulcimentum sciencieque incrementum principalius se extendit. Igitur 
quam digne retribucionis merita reverencie vestre parantur in celis ; 
:um suorum fidelium reminiscatur Deus ; quos sue beatissime visionis 
gloria saciabit. Et nos quas valemus reverencie vestre cordiales 
icciones referimus graciarum ; nec deerunt in futurum nostrarum 
oracionum incensa pro prosperitate vestra in hac vita^, et anime 
vestre salute in futura. Reverenciam vestram prosperari faciat de 
bono semper in melius virtus almiflua Domini Dei nostri. Scrip turn 
Oxonie in nosire congregacionis domo, mensis Augusti die ultimo, Uni- 
versitas Oxoniensis. 

164. 

To Masters Andrew Huls, Richard Caunton, and FoL 65 a. 
W. Symond. 

We send you a letter of commendation to the Pope in behalf of Master 
Henry Severe, our Chancellor ; we therefore request that you, or ajiy 
one of you, will present it to his holiness, carefully choosing your 
opportunity; and that you will likewise, as occasion shall serve, sound 
the praises of Master Severe : for, both on account of his wisdom and 
virtue, and also of his great services in the office of Chancellor, we desire 
that due honour should be paid to him. The main object of our letter to 
his holiness is to request that he will write to the King in Master Severe' s 
behalf If you can obtain such a letter you will do us acceptable service. 

HoNORABiLiBUS ct siuccrc dilectis magistris, Andree Huls, Ricardo . 1443. 
Caunton et W. Symond, aut eorum uni. Honorabiles et sincere 
dilecti; sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino, nostro domino 
Eugenio, summo pontifici, litteras commendaticias pro eruditissimo et 
gravissimo viro, magistro Henrico Severe, sacre pagine professore, 
serenissimi principis et domini nostri regis capellano, atque rectore et 
Cancellario nostro direximus ; quare vos ^, et quemlibet vestrum, 
rogamus ut hujusmodi litteras vobis, aut vestrum uni, ?b exhibitore 
presencium redditas curetis, aut curet ille vestrum cui eas tradi 
contigerit, eidem sanctissimo domino nostro, captata oppoitunitate 
temporis, cum omni honore, devocione, ac observancia nomine nostro 



* quo MS. 
epistle i6i. 



^ via or vita, completely blotted out in MS., but see 
nos MS. 



224 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAL. 



exhiberi : atque ciindem rectorcm et Cancellarium nostrum, quando 
res ct tempus postulaverit, testimonio vestro atque omni genere laudis 
ornetis. Etenim magnopere optamus ut illi, turn propter singularem 
ejus virtutem ac sapienciam, turn eciam ob maxima et amplissima 
merita in nos tempore officii collata, honor aliquis tali ac tanto viro 
dignus deferatur. Verum vestrum humanitati convenire arbitramur, 
ad rogatum matris nullum officium, nullum studium, quod ad honorem 
laudem et promocionem hujus viri pertineat, pretermittere : qu6m nos 
ex causis memoratis summo studio et precipua benevolencia prose- 
quimur. Id vero a sanctitate apostolica per litteras nostras potissimum 
optamus, ut ad serenissimum principem et dominum nostrum regem, 
pro prefato rectore et Cancellario, epistola quedam commendaticia 
singulariter et humanissime scripta dirigatur : ut ejusmodi apostolica 
commendacionis optentu majorem favorem et graciam apud regiam 
serenitatem inveniat. Itaque gratissimum nobis feceritis, si detis 
operam ut he littere commendaticie quamprimum impetrentur, et ad 
regiam serenitatem destinentur : quod ut diligenter et studiose curetis 
vehementer rogamus. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 
me?ists Octohris die primo et vicesimo. Alma mater Universitas 
Oxoniensis. 

165. 

1443. To the Pope. 

Knowing that your holiness always favours the virtuous and learned, 
we do not fear to commend to you Master Hefiry Severe our Chancellor; 
whom, if you knew him as we do, you would deem worthy of esteem. 
He has ever been most zealous for your interests in these troublous days 
of schism, and by his influence disputations have been held here by the 
most learned doctors in defence of the true faith. We may add that he 
has so discharged the duties of his office among us that we consider it 
a direct intervention of providence that he was elected Chancellor. We 
venture to beg that you will write to the King on his behalf a letter of 
such a kind as will advance him in the royal favour. 

Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro, Domino Eugenic, 
divina providencia sacrosancte Romane et universalis ecclesie summo 
pontifici. 

Quum animadvertimus sanctitatem vestram, beatissime pater, studiose 
semper operam dare ut viri gravitate ^ ac virtute litterarumque sciencia 
prediti uberiori gracia beatitudinis vestre atque amplioribus sedis apos- 

^ pravitate MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



225 



olice beneficiis letarentur, non veremur pro tali viro scribere, quern 
ii eque atque nos cognosceret sanctitas vestra, ob sublime ingenium, 
nagnarum rerum cognicionem, gravissimos ac humanissimos mores 
;uos, non solum accurata commendacione sed singulari et favore et 
^racia apostolica dignum judicaret eadem sanctitas vestra. Itaque 
:larum et excellentem virum, magistrum Henricum Severe, sacre 
)agine professorem, serenissimi principis et domini nostri Anglie 
"rancieque regis capellanum, atque rectorem et Cancellarium nostrum, 
^ravem sane hominem et in primis eruditum, eximiaque virtute ac 
ingulari sapiencia ornatum, sic sacre vestre majestati commendamus, 
It neque majori studio quemquam neque justioribus ex causis com- 
nendare possimus. Qui cum semper an tea, tum vero his molestis et 
urbulentis temporibus presentis scismatis, studiosissimus fait salutis 
:t dignitatis vestre. Etenim impulsu, consilio et ornatu suo apud 
IDS, pro vestra auctoritate et potestate adversus illam pestiferam 
cismaticorum sectam, a pluribus doctis et prestantissimis viris 
olemnes disputaciones ac exquisite et pulcherrime determinaciones 
':elebrantur. Accedit, quod nobis tempore officii ac regiminis sui 
jmnia suo consilio et sapiencia prospere processerint : nec unquam 
)ptima ilia studia litterarum et sapiencie vehemencius ac studiosius 
:olebantur. Plane tam multis in rebus nobis usui et ornamento fuit, Fol. 65 b. 
it ipsum non solum de nobis optime meritum, sed eciam divina 
j^uadam sorte in rectorem et caput nostrum assumptum esse existi- 

iiemus. Quare cum ei cupere debeamus que ad honorem et digni- 
item suam pertineant, sanctitatem vestram obsecramus et obtestamur, 
t memorato illustrissimo principi regi nostro eundem rectorem 

iostrum et Cancellarium ^ per vestras sacras litteras diligenter et 
umanissime commendetis ; quatinus ipse talem virum, quem virtus 
igenium et sapiencia commendant, contemplacione vestrarum littera- 
jum liberalius et beneficencius complectatur. Nam etsi ob gravitatem ' 
It prudenciam suam regie celsitudini semper antea jocundus et gratis- 
limus fuerit, plurimum tamen proderit auctoritas commendacionis 
I'estre, facietque ut ipse uberiorem graciam atque illustrem aliquem 
'irtutis fructum a magnifico et liberali principe maturius assequatur ; 
luod vestre sanctitati splendorem afferet, nobis vero incredibilem 
locunditatem. Postremo divinam potenciam exoramus, ut vestram 
janctitatem, beatissime pater, salvam et incolumem in tempora 
jongiora conservet. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacmm domo, 
nensis Octohris die vicesimo primo. 

^ Cancellarium nosiruin MS. 



Q 



226 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



I66. 

To Frederick, King of the Romans. 

Votir letter^ which breathes regard for us and an earnest desire for 
unity and peace, has been a source of joy and comfort to us ; and that 
you should communicate to us, in this remote land, your plans and 
purpose is a mark of your signal favour. We see in your efforts to 
calm the troubled sea, on which the boat of S. Peter is tossed, a sign of 
reviving unity. Secular princes can do much in such a cause ; and 
our King will, we know, even unasked, do all a Christian prince should 
do ; but we will not fail, whenever your highness desires us to do so, 
to add our prayers to yours that he will exert his influence in this behalf '\ 
so dear to every true son of the church. 

Illustrissimo et gloriosissimo principi, Frederico, Romanorum \ 
regi. 

Nobis superioribus diebus, illustrissime princeps, perturbacionem \ 
turbulentumque statum ecclesie graviter molesteque ferentibus, non i 
mediocre gaudium et consolacionem attulerunt sacri affatus litterarum - 
tuarum ; quibus non optabilem solum erga nos humanitatem serenitatis ; 
tue, sed eciam circa unitatem apostolice sedis atque reformacionem ; 
pacis in ecclesia Dei summum studium sinceramque devocionem 
agnoscimus. Nam quod nobis, tanto locorum intervallo disjunctis, 
racionem animi atque consilii tui per litterao prudentissime ac human- 
issime scriptas signaveris, nostrumque officium in tam sancto et 
sublimi negocio desideraris, usque adeo gratissimum fuit ut maximum 
nobis munus existimemus a tua celsitudine tributum. Quod si ad 
sedandum perniciosam presentis scismatis tempestatem, qua navicula 
S. Petri his luctuosis temporibus indigne concussa sit atque miseris 
modis jactata. tantam curam, laborem ac diligenciam adhibeas, sicut 
accipimus^, magnificencie tue congratulamur ; quasi lumen aliquod 
renascentis unionis in ecclesia Dei perspicere videremur. Neque 
enim nos fugit, in tanto et tam excelso opere conficiendo, quantum 
tua ceterorumque Christiane religionis principum magnitudo atque 
potencia poterit. Regem vero nostrum, Christianissimum et sapien- 
tissimum principem, etsi pro sua sapiencia, devocione, ac integritate 
religionis audeamus afRrmare omnia, cum sponte sua, tum contem- 
placione litterarum tuarum hec acturum curaturumque, que apostolicis 
sanccionibus, tradicionibus sanctorum patrum, regie fortune atque 
Christiano principi in ejusmodi negocio conveniant ; non deerunt ^ 

^ sicut repeated before magnificencie MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 227 

tamen, quando eciam cupit celsitudo tua, adhortaciones nostre. Nec 

cnim quidquam Christiane religionis orthodoxeque fidei cultoribus 

vehemencius expediendum aut diligencius curandum censemus, quam 

quod pax hujusmodi atque unio quamprimum et qua optima racione Fol. 66 a. 

in ecclesia Dei reformetur. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis 

domo, sexto et vicesimo die mensis Octobris. Cancellarius et Universitas 

studii Oxoniensis. 

167. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

The co7itinual increase of your munificence calls forth more and 7nore 
■yratitude and devotion ; ajid when we heard from Master Grey that you 
intend^ with unexampled generosity^ to add another gift of books to your 
former donation ; and received his report of your gracious words on 
this occasion, our hearts were inflamed with reverent affection, and 
inexpressible joy. Your name was in every mouth ; some wondered at 
ivour magnificence, some praised your exalted virtues, some your pursuit 
f learning and your literary talent; and all uttered their prayers for your 
health, wealth and safety ; and indeed that you are but mortal is our 
hitferest thought. We send to you Masters H. Severe and T. Chace to 
he our legal representatives in receiving your donation, and to act in all 
^■espects as you shall desire therein. If other nations celebrate your fame, 
how viuch more should we, who enjoy your presence ? What praise, 
•johat respect, what affection must we not feel? You have more than 
"estored the University to its ancient glory ; and no lapse of time can 
'ver efface the memory of a prince so enlightened. 

Serenissimo ac illustrissimo principi Umfrido*, duci Gloucestrie, 1443. 
:omiti Pembrochie, magno camerario Anglie et domino ac protectori 
jiostro graciosissimo. 

' Illustrissime et ornatissime princeps, congratulatur magnificencie 
/estre tota ilia vestra Universitas Oxoniensis, atque pro liberalissimis 
n se et divinis beneficiis vestris summas et eternas gracias agit. Nam 
pum vestra pietate et munificencia cumulacius cotidie atque magnifi- 
*:encius aucti ornatique sumus, equissimum est ut nostra simul in 
'estram celsitudinem devocio, cultus, et observancia vehemencius 
Itugeantur, magisque atque magis conflagrent ^ Nobis mini nuper- 
ime gratum, jucundum, et optabile nuncium attulit a sublimitate 
'estra confrater noster Rogerus Grey, jampridem alter ex procura- 
oribus Universitatis nostre ; vos, videlicet, animum induxisse, ad 
'estrum illud pristinum solemne ac magnificentissimum librorum 
* Unfrido MS. coiifiagrct ib. 

Q 2 



228 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



munus, ad illam illustrem et ornatissimam Universitatis nostre sup- 
pellectilem, nova inauditaque liberalitate et beneficencia aliud volu- 
minum atque librorum donum, quasi quendam cumulum adicere. 
Enimvero ubi animum, consilium, omnesque humanissimos ac suavis- 
simos sermones vestros a memorato magistro Rogero accepimus, 
toti amore, obsequio, et pietate in vestram serenitatem exarsimus, 
atque incredibili leticia et exultacione efferebamur. Fuit in ore 
cujusquam nomen principis Humfridi. Alii magnificenciam admirari, 
alii singulares atque excelsas virtutes celebrare, alii denique in liberalis- 
simis sapiencia et humanitatis studiis diligenciam, atque in omni 
genere litterarum ingenii vestri claritudinem extollere ; atque omnes 
pro vita, statu ac incolumitate vestra crebras assiduasque supplica- 
ciones superne majestati offerre ceperunt. Nec quidquam ingracius 
aut apud animos nostros acerbius fuit, quam parentem et 
tutorem Universitatis Oxoniensis, cujus beneficia immortalia et 
eterna futura sint, immortalem non esse. Itaque ad celsitudinem 
vestram claros et eruditos viros, magistrum Henricum Sever, nostre 
Universitatis Cancellarium, et magistrum Thomam Chays, sacre 
theologie professores, nostros veros nuncios, negociorum gestores 
atque legittimos procuratores destinamus ; ut ipsi vice ac nomine 
nostro hujusmodi donacionem librorum, juxta auctoritatem ^ consilium 
et sapienciam vestram, admittant, recipiant et acceptent; omniaque 
alia gerant, curent atque conficiant, que vestre magnificencie in hac 
parte grata fuerint. Quod si extere et disjunctissime gentes, fame 
tantum celebritate atque illustri et pervagatissima rerum gestarum 
gloria impulse^, nomen Humfridi annalibus ac posteritati commendent; 
atque litteris, Unguis et omni denique genere laudis illustrent ; nos, 
qui eum presentem in patria habemus, cujus pietate, beneficencia ac 
liberalitate cotidie fruimur, quibus laudibus efferemus, quibus studiis 
prosequemur, quanta benevolencia atque cultu complectemur ? Itaque 
manebit in mentibus Oxoniensium impressa memoria beneficiorum 
vestrorum, nec earn unquam aut diuturnitas temporis aut oblivio 
obscurabit : ibitque in posteros fuisse principem, qui Oxoniensem 
Universitatem pristina fecunditate atque gloria orbatam, amicis 
librisque destitutam atque .ruentem, quasi labefactatam non solum 
jacentem et perculsam erexit, sed ejus pristinam splendorem ^ amplis- 
sima liberalitate multis maximisque * ornamentis amplificavit ^. Hoc 
nomen illustrabit, hoc glorie vestre lumen accendet, princeps ornatis- 
sime. Quare exultet et letetur magnificencia vestra, atque fruatur 
fortuna et gloria sua : que ut floreat et propagetur in magnam etatem, 

^ actoritatem MS. ^ impulsi ib. ^ splendoremque ib. * maximeqiie ib. 
^ amplicavit ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



229 



snmmo studio, sempiterna benevolencia atque perpetuis precacionibus 
divinam Majestatem nos obsecrare pollicemur. Datum Oxonie. 
Vestra devota Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. Fol.66b. 

Memorandum., quod nono die mensis Novembris sigillata erat 1443. 
acquietancia pro Abbate de Enysham, sub hac forma; — Noverint 
universi per presentes nos Henricum Severe, Cancellarium Univer- 
sitatis Oxoniensis, W. Franceys, Johannem Tr}-5tropp, procura- 
[ores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse die confeccionis 
presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Eynsham in comitatu Oxoniensi, 
Uginti sex solidos sterlingonim, in partem solucionis majoris samme, 
racione cujusdam annua pensionis predicte Universitati annuaiim 
•solvende : De quibus quidem sex et \iginti solidis fatemur nos fore 
Bolutos, dictosque Abbatem et conventum inde esse quietos per pre- 
sentes sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum in nostre congrega- 
:tonis domo, nono die mensis Novembris, anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
"yost conquestum vicesimo secundo. 

168. 

To Thomas Knoll, citizen of London. 

We have received by the hands of our brother, Master Met/ord.your 
nost acceptable gift of fosephus ' Antiquities ' and ' Wars of the Jews/ 
Xtisa gift most becoming your wealth, wisdom, and culture. Betievolence 
'0 a single individual is a noble thing ; how much more so must be that, 
vhich is felt by the whole of this University ; and will assist in maiji- 
\aining the trtie faith of the Church. 

• Egregio et honorabili ac sincere dilecto, Thome Knoll, cin civitatis T443. 
;l.ondoniensis. 

Honorabilis et sincere dilecte, gratum et optabile donum humani- 
atis vestre, volumen scilicet illud, duos Hbros Josephi ' Antiquitatmii et 
de hello fudaico' iu se complectens, jampridem per manus magistri 
i^oberti I\Iettford, arcium magistri, confratris nostri carissimi libenter 
:t cum magna gratulacione accepimus. Nec enim quidquam videmus, 
[uod vel vestra fortuna sapiencia et humanitate dignius, aut nobis, 
lui studia humanitatis ac sapiencie colimus, optabilius facere possetis, 
luam hos gratissimos ac elegantissimos libros Josephi, qui ad rerum 
.ntiquarum cognicionem et sacrarum litterarum interpretacionem 
blurimum conferant, nostre Universitati tribuisse. Nam, si in unum 
''eneficum et liberalem esse preclarum sit et laude dignum, quanti 



230 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



earn denique liberalitatem estimari convenit, ex qua magnus conventus, 
magna multitudo hominum atque tota magna quedam et ampla 
Universitas singularem utilitatem atque optimos fructus percipiet. 
Eleganter enim sapientes bonum quod communius sit et lacius pateat 
eo preferabilius et divinius esse litterarum memorie prodiderunt. 
Vestra vero hec munificencia usque adeo late fuseque manat, ut eciam 
ad sacrosancte ecclesie Dei et orthodoxe fidei Christianeque religionis 
sustentacionem pertinere videatur. Quare humanitati vestre singu- 
lares et amplissimas gracias agimus; operamque dabimus, si qua in 
re nostra benevolencia aut opera vobis opportuna fuerit, ut et hoc 
munere vestro atque liberalitate nos dignos judicetis. Datum Oxonie 
in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis Decembris die sexto. Cancellarius 
et Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master Richard Wyld. 

1443. Memorandum, quod sexto decimo die Januarii, sigillata erat littera 
testimonialis pro magistro Ricardo Wyld, sub forma communi; que 
ponitur folio vicesimo quarto. 

169. 

Fol. 67 a. To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

A great abuse has grown up in the University, by the exaction of 
immoderate and discreditable fees upon graduation ; which Master W. 
Babynton has long been endeavouring to repress. In consequence of this \ 
his public spirit he has become involved in a ruinous lawsuit, determined j 
at last in his favour, hut the execution whereof is yet delayed by the \ 
frivolous subterfuges and appeals of his opponent. We believe both | 
parties are willing to submit the matter to your arbitration ; and we | 
beg that in your wisdom you will take into consideration not only the 
aspect of the case, as it concerns plaintiff and defendant, but also the 
very serious scandal of the exactions in question^ which were never j 
heard of in time past. 

1443. Reverendissimo in Christo patri, et domino nostro singulari, Archi- 
episcopo Cantuariensi. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo octavo die mensis Januarii, sigillata 
erat hec littera subscripta, que sequitur. 

Reverencias debitas pariter et honores, ac nostre devocionis com- 
pletum exequium. Non fugit, ut arbitramur, reverendissime m , 
Christo pater, a sacra vestra memoria, quanta diligencia, sollicitudine, 
ac labore confrater noster, sincere dilectus magister W. Babynton, 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



231 



decretorum doctor, vir sane gravis moribus, sciencia ac integritate 
vite apud nos probatus, extirpacionem abolicionemque ^ cujusdam 
perniciose consuetudinis, que inter nos circa immoderatas et turpes 
exacciones pecuniarum in succepcione graduum, contra bonos mores 
in nonnullis facultatibus jam diu invaluit, multis diebus promoverit. 
Et quamvis in causa ilia extorcionis et injuste detencionis cujusdam 
summe pecuniarie, adversus magistrum Johannem Scotbow decreto- 
rum doctorem coram commissariis domini regis judicialiter intendebat, 
damnum et jacturam rei familiaris persequi videatur, . . . ^ tamen et 
victoriam non dubitamus ad commune bonum et honorem Universitatis 
nostre pertinere. Quare cum idem confrater noster, magister Willel- 
mus, ut accepimus, post magnas molestias, moras, impensas et vexa- 
ciones plurimas, victoriam optinuit, atque . . magister Johannes 
Scotbow, excogitatis quibusdam artibus, subterfugiis et frivolis appella- 
cionibus, execucionem rei judicate retardet et suspendat ; necnon 
utraque pars ad hoc facile, ut audivimus, suum assensum accommodaret 
ut tota hec questio et contraversia vestre paternitatis arbitrio et 
diffinicione dirimatur ; hortamur in Domino amplitudinem et sacram 
gravitatem vestram, ac vehementer obsecramus, ut in examinacione 
hujus cause, (quam non dubitamus vos pro luce sapiencie, auctoritatis, 
et eminencie equo lance trutinare), ante oculos vestros statuatis non 
solum honestum et justissimum desiderium nostrum ^ prosequentis 
desperatam quoque defensionem prefati magistri Johannis, eciam jam 
damnatam ac recta diffinicione judicum reprobatam ; sed eciam 

I honorem et decus Universitatis nostre, que jam multis annis, sed 

inunquam majus quam in (his)^ temporibus, et per eum precipue, 
hujusmodi turpitudine et corruptela diffamata et indigne deformata 
fuit; nedum in dispendium prefati magistri WillelmJ, verum eciam in 
quam plurimum succedencium sibi graduatorum prejudicium pariter 
et gravamen. Existimat enim Universitas mater nostra, que hujus- 

i modi questus turpissimi maculis respergi antiquitus non solebat, nunc 
per vestrum sagax et discretum arbitrium ac justam ordinacionem, 
sese notam hujus infamie efifugere, atque pristine dignitatis laudem 
recuperare. Postremo ob illam humanitatem et graciam, quam 
hactenus eidem confratri nostro, magistro Willelmo in hac parte 

, exhibueritis, amplissimas gracias agimus ; humillime supplicantes ut 
in posterum, contemplacione precacionum nostrarum, immensis ejus- 
dem ponderatis expensis et laboribus, uberiorem favorem et graciam 
dominacionis vestre consequatur. Datmn in nos Ire congregacmns 
donio, <|t. Cancellarius et Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

* abolucioncmqtic MS. ^ A word illegible here in MS. vcstniiii MS. 

' his omitted ib. 



232 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Acquittance of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1443. Memorandum, quod undevicesimo die Februarii, sigillata fuerat 
acquietancia pro Abbate et conventu de Eynsham, pro quadraginta 
solidis, de anno regni regis Henrici sexti vicesimo secundo, sub 
forma communi, que ponitur superius folio tricesimo quarto. 

Memorandum, quod eodem die, sigillata erat acquietancia pro 
Abbate et conventu de Osney, pro viginti sex solidis octo denariis, sub 
eadem forma et pro eodem anno regni regis Henrici sexti. 

Indenture between the Duke of Gloucester and the 
University, 

in which the latter acknowledges the receipt of one hundred and twenty- 
nine volumes, by the hands of Masters William Say and Ralph Drew, 
the special messengers of the former, 

1443. Hec Indentura, facta Oxonie, vicesimo quinto die mensis Februarii, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo tercio, et regni 
regis Henrici sexti post conquestum vicesimo secundo, inter serenissi- 
mum et illustrissimum principem et dominum, inclitissimum dominum 
Humfridum, regum filium, fratrem et patruum, ducem Gloucestrie, 
comitem Pembrochie et magnum camerarium Anglie ex una parte, 
ac suam humillimam et perpetuam oratricem Universitatem^ Oxonien- 
sem ex altera parte, testatur, quod dicta Universitas, de summa et 
magnificentissima liberalitate predicti inclitissimi principis, centum et 
Fol. 67 b. triginta quinque volumina, per dilectos et speciales nuncios suos, 
magistrum Willelmum Say et Radulphum Drew, ad ipsam Universi- 
tatem destinata recepit; quorum utique voluminum nomina cum 
iniciis secundorum foliorum inferius describuntur, 

Inprimis, Anselmus Cantuar. 

Archiepiscopus . . secundo folio sicut promissa. 

Item, ^ lerarchiam sub-celes- 

tium ' . . . . secundo folio in libro universali doc- 

trina. 

Item, Augustinus ' De vera 

inocencia ' . . . secundo folio in tabula ordo temporum. 
Item, Trevett '■Super Psal- 

terium' .... secundo folio . faciendum. 
Item, Augustinus ^ Super fo- 

hannem' .... ,, . tibi nisi qui. 

* Universitate MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



233 



Item, Petrus Blesensis . 
Item, Joh. Crisostomus ^ De 

compunccwne' . 
Item, Primum librum Jo- 

hannis Crisostomi ^ Ad 

Stagirium vionachum ' 
Item, Librum memorie Am 

brosii episcopi 
Item, Librum commonitorium 

^ De coniempiu mundV 
Item, Albertanus ^ De modo 

dicendi et tacendV 
Item, ' Meditacio' beati Ber^ 

nardi 

Item, Liber ' Alkeron' . 
Item, ^ Episiolas' Albini 
Item, Johannem Damasce- 
num 

Item, ' Dialogum ' Ocham 
Item, Capgrave ^ Super Re 

gum,' primum . 
Item, Capgrave ' Super Re 

gum,' tercium . 
Item, Capgrave ' Super Gene- 

sim' 

Item, Capgrave ' Super Exo- 
dum' 

Item, Athanasium ' De Trim- 
iate' 

Item, ^ Distinc Clones'' Abel 
Item, * Speculum, virginum 

Item, ' De vita Origenis ' 
Item, Johannes Faber ^ In 

leciura super InsHtuta' 
Item, Johannis Andree 

* Questiones mercuriales ' 
Item, * Colectarium ' Johannis 

Galfridi super hbros Decre- 

talium 

Item, * Collectarium ' Johannis 
Galfridi 



secundo folio libri 
secundo folio 



secundo folio libri 
secundo folio 

5) 

secundo folio libri 
secundo folio 



secundo folio libri 
secundo folio 



-one glomerantur. 
meam, 

oriri SI quis. 

et immaterialia. 

nituntur ea. 

deinde. 

ei alii, 
ceteris. 

imis justiciam. 
sensum. 

Jesum tanquam. 
fuit vir. 
fulgorem, 

arduum. 

-vitudinem. 

-racti que. 
Simeon. 

supradicti niedi- 

cinam. 
dicitur. 

auctoritas. 

concepius. 

primum. 
recessit. 



234 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Item, ' Collectarium ' Johannis Gal- 



fridi, quartum volumen super 



libros decretalium 


secundo folio 


judice stellatus. 


Item, ' Sompmim viridarium ' . 


5> 


direxisti. 


Item, ' Tabulam super decreta ' 


11 


ablucio corporis. 


Item, ' Conclusiones Rote ' 


11 


post publicas. 


Item, ' Decreta sanctorum patrimi ' . 


11 


nunc sex. 


Item, Aldrati ' Concilia ' 


11 


dicit enim. 


Item, * Summa con/essorum ' 


11 


est nisi. 


Item, Baldum ' super codicem ' . 


11 


racio non est. 


Item, ' Speculator em ' . . . 


11 


de consulibus. 


Item, Sextum librum ' decretalium ' . 


11 


deberent. 


Item, 'Decretales' .... 


11 


suo quod. 


Item, Parvum volumen textus . 


11 


manus. 


Item, Johannem Andree ' in novella ' 


11 


xxxii"^. 


Item, Baldum ' In lectura super tres 






libros ff' . 


11 


ut hie. 


Item, ' Petrum Jacobum ' 


11 


imperatorie. 


Item, ' Clementinas constituciones ' 


11 


extra. 


Item, ' Spicam ' . . . . 


11 


abbas. 


Item, Job. Andree .... 


11 


expiret. 


Item, ' Constanciensis concilii actus ' . 


11 


non curat. 


Item, Vincencius ' In speculo his- 






torian' ..... 


11 


quia Herodes. 


Item, Vincencius ' In speculo his- 






toriali' ..... 


11 


Pipinum jam. 


Item, Vincencius ''In speculo his- 






torian ' 


11 


in eo pauca. 


Item, ' In speculo his toriali' 


■J 


-um hamas. 


Item, Vincencius ^ In speculo natu- 






raW ...... 


11 


quid utpote. 


Item, Secunda pars Vincencii 'It 






speculo naturali' 


11 


posicione. 


l\.Qm^ ^ Speculuvi doctrinale' 


11 


creaturarum. 


Item, Eusebium . ... 


11 


rubroque. 


Item, Trogus Pompeius ' De gestis 






Romanorum' .... 


11 


-turali filie. 


Item, Egesippum ' De excidio Jude- 






orum 


11 


domeslici. 


Item, ^ Eulogium historiale Anglie' . 


55 


esset indecora. 


Item, ^ Exciditmi Troje' secundum 






Daretem frigium 


11 


Hercules. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



235 



Item, * FJores historiaruvi ' 


secundo folio cessaverunt. 


Item, Chronica dicta ' Scala miindi ' 




anno primo. 


Item, ' Granarium ' Johannis de loco 






frumenti 




nunc me. 


Item, Secundam partem Johannis 






Granarii de loco frumenti . 


» 


-bantur. 


Item, secundam et terciam Johannis 






Granarii de loco frumenti . 


3 J 


hinc iiide. 


Item, ' Polkromcoti' 


33 


sapiencie. 


Item, ' Epithomani ' Titi Livii . 


33 


educatus. 


Item, ' Epithomam ' Titi Livii . 


3 3 


subita. 


Item, Primam partem Titi Livii 


33 


coalescencium. 


Item, Secundam partem Titi Livii . 


33 


urbem. 


Item, Josephum ' antiquitatibiis . 


33 


tradere. 


Item, Josephum ' In antiquitatibiis ' . 


33 


ab extremis. 


Item, Librum Swetonii Gaii . 


33 


-andrini. 


Item, ^ Panagericum' PHnii 


" 


moderacionemque 


Item, ^ Eptstolas rnmi secundi 


33 


non me. 


Item, Johannem Boccasium . 


33 


-riarum. 


Item, Johannem Boccasium 


35 


amicicie. 


] Item, Johannem Boccasium . 


33 


non superflue. 


, Item, Johannem Boccasium ' de mon- 






' tilus ' ..... 


33 


agned. 


Item, Librum Andree dominici 


33 


-re tore. 


j Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


33 


-tati. 


j Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


33 


vide spacium. 


Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


38 


laas mesiicie. 


Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


33 


si filia. 


Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


33 


toto orbe. 


Item, Franciscum Petrarcham 


?3 


quia nunc. 


Item, ' Vitam CamillV . 


33 


rebus gestis. 


Item, Libri Leonardi 


3 3 


-terpres. 


Item, Petrum Candidum . 


" 


inquireniibus. 


Item, ' Epistolas ' Herberti 


33 


emoriatur. 


Item, * Vitam Cimonis et LiicillV 


33 


hominibus. 


Item, ' Epistolas ' Petri Abaralardi . 


33 


dicens. 


Item, Librum ' De re mililari' 


33 


-done. 


Item, Nicholai de Clemengiis ' Epis- 






tote 


3 3 


0 vos. 


Item, ' Oracionem ' Eschinis 


33 


memons. 


Item, ' Commcntaria ' Gaii 


33 


aliissimo. 


Item, ' Vitam Marcii Antonii ' 


33 


-eiis corum. 



236 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Item, Catonem Sensorium 
Item, Tranetta ' Super Boicio ' 
Item, ' Pelapide vitam ' . 
Fol. 68 b. Item, Palladium ' De agricultura ' . 

Item, Titum Livium ' De repuhlica ' 
Item, ' Epistolas declamatorias ' 

Isagogicum moralis discipline ' 
■ Vitam RomuW . 
' Vitam Demetrii' . 
Epistolas' Symmachi . 
Cosmographia ' Ptholomei 



secundo folio si non eo. 
„ catalogo. 



Item, 
Item, 
Item, 
Item, 
Item, 



Item, Victorius ^ De Architectura' . 

Item, Dioscorides * De simplicibus 
medicis' . . . . . 

Item, Aristoteles * De generacione 
animalium' . . . . 

Item, Librum primum ' De simplici- 
bus medicis ' . . . . 

Item, Boicium commentatum . 

Item, Ovidium ' De fastis ' 

Item, Gwillimum de Saliseto . 

Item, ' Phisica ' Plinii secundi Verio- 
nensis 

Item, ' Commentarid ' Dantes . 
Item, Terencii Varronis tres libros 

' De origine lingue latine ' 
Item, Sallustium * In Catalinario ' . 
Item, Librum Dantes 
Item, Verba greca,et interpretaciones 

lingue latine . . . . 
Item, Sermo ^ Super libros Vir- 

gilii' ..... 
Item, Claudianum minorem . 
Item, Ovidium ' Methamorphoseos ' 

moralizatum .... 



Cato senior, 
-tes bibencium. 
optime. 
-sulis. 
missa. , 
public am. 
magnitudine. 
sicut ipse videris, 
vel toto. 

quia et liberaci 
onum, 

vocat quia, 
intus Jiabent. 



jam ostendimus. \ 
juxta dictum, 
dexter adest. 
infirmi. 

viginti ^nastur- 

cium. 
et tormentabunt. 

pecus. 

honoris cupido. 
-ate. 

antidicas. 

olim. 
anxie, 

amare. 



^ The words ' viginti ' and ' nasturtium ' do not occur together in Pliny's Nat. 
Hist. The word in this MS. is undoubtedly ^ nasturtiwn,^ but Mr. Madan, whose 
opinion has been invited on the subject, thinks it is perhaps a mistake of the scribe 
for * nascentium^ In Plin. Nat. Hist. Table of Contents (Lib. xix. cap. 21) occurs 
the word * nascentium^ and later on (cap. 44) ^ nasturtium,^ Probably the 
scribe has confused the nurober of a chapter with the text. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



237 



FfATn Mnninm TVTarpflliim 


sppundn folio 


111 tPV VP 


LiCni} XvlLd.! UUlll J-Jt jJULli) • • 


») 


tuf)lt 


Ffprn r^nmf nta T^oirii ' T)e consold- 






Hone ..... 


J> 




Ttpm r'afonem romentatum 


5> 


-fj\ rJnfin 


Item, Librum Terrencii cum tabula . 




ad Pamphilum. 


jltem, Adamas .... 


5 > 


-lanius Metis. 




J) 


1 ffunvntinin 

l-i^ fCUf LCUto//C* 


Tfpm "PcrirlinTTi ' l)p TPP'iminc 'hrin- 






riiitLTYL 


>J 


TnagnaM. 


Item, * Novum traduccioneni tocius 






'hnlirip PI ntoilicp ' . » 


5) 


—Tiv Tnrifninni 


Item, ' De viiiorum inter se diffe- 






rencia ' . . . . . 


JJ 


superest. 


Item, ' Vitas triginta virorum illus- 






trium ' . . 


)) 


?ninus infiMis. 



. In quorum omnium fidem et testimonium sigillum commune Uni- 
versitatis predicte presentibus est appensum. DatuM Oxonie in nostre 
congregacionis do?no, die et annis supradictis. 



170. 

To the Bishop of Chichester \ Fol. 69 a. 

Daily experience shows the necessity of a head to every body, and every 
member thereof ; and whereas by the resignation of our Chancellor we 
find ourselves without one, we hope you will approve our choice of a suc- 
cessor, that the University May not languish in a state of widowhood, but, 
like another Esther, may put away her mourning garments and, arrayed 
in queenly attire, find favour in the eyes of her prince. 

Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Ricardo, Dei gracia 1443. 
' episcopo Cicestriensi. 

! Humillime devocionis spiritu reverencias debitas tanto patri et 
' domino merito tribuendas cum honore, et ad optata animum graciosius 
inclinare. Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, quoniam 
' praxis quotidiane satis experiencia edocemur quod corporis cujusdam 
I viventis salus diu ^ florere nequit, cujus per anxietatis lesureve incom- 
I moda calumpniam jam pati capud evidencius cernitur ; quo multo 

^ This epistle is in the same hand as Ep. 169, and is so fointly written and so 
! illegible that it seems impossible to make a complete transcript. The sense, it is 
' hoped, is fairly represented here, ^ dius MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



magis virtus elongari conspicitur . . membrorum ; ct singula iii 
proximo lapsum spondent irremediabilem, si jam penitus orbata capit i' 
moram prestolentur longiorem : Hinc est ^ quod nos dominacionen 
vestram informare decrevimus super viduitatis eventu nostre matri 
alme, et resignacione libera venerabilis viri, nuper Cancellarii nostri I 
in caritatis visceribus affectuosius unanimiter exorantes, ut intuitu [ 
vestre pietatis viscerose, quam erga matrem nostram semper geritis I 
nec audita minuant nec sinistre relata quomodolibet expell'ant: sec J 
matris desolacione humanissime compaciendo, ne supplicacionis nostr(| 
pupilli paciamur repulsam, interne caritatis fervor vestre dominacioni;)' 
precordia stimulet ad precata, sicuti . . . ^ legittime * eleccionis maturitatdl ' 
vos singulariter in peculiarem sibi sponsum preeligendo ... ^ sic vestriii ' 
utinam quam cicius graciosis per presenciam frui mereatur amplexibus ^ 
que sic tandem desolacionis exuta vestibus et meroris, tanquam Heste;| 
delicata no vis induta glorie, sub remige tanto ampliorem inveniat ir^ 
conspectu illustrissimi principis graciam : ne honor ejus, plus solitoi 
insidiancium latratorum indies infestatus insultibus, in concessis sue] 
cumbat libertatibus ; sed vestre proteccionis graciose munimine parite;'' 
et prudencia animosius roboretur, ut sic liberius quieciusque suoii 
lactet ab uberibus filios, quos a cunabulis diutine^ educans ad honorif-i, 
culmina non desinit promo vere. Afflictorum Consolator Deus domi-j 
nacionis vestre dies felicitet, et optati regiminis inflammet ad affectum i 
Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo mensis Marcii die primo ' 
Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Fol.69b. 171. 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

We should have written to congratulate you on your translation to th \ 
see of Canterbury^ immediately on receiving the news, but feared it , 
trespass upon your time, knowing how deeply you must have been engaged 
in affairs both temporal and spiritual ; now, however, that we under stana 
you to be more at leisure, we desire to express our thankfulness that, hy 
this your exaltation, the Church has obtained a wise, just, and learnec, 
prelate, and the University at once a great distinction and a powerful \ 
protector; and we humbly beg that in all our business you will shou\ 
your gracious favour towards us. 1 
1443. Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, Domino Johanni, per- • 
missione Divina Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo, tocius Anglie primati ac 
apostolice sedis legato, nostro domino graciosissimo. 

These parts are illegible. * est quod erased in MS. ^ zniuito MS. 

* ligittime ib. ^ dietini ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



239 



Reverencias omnimodas cum obediencia filiali debita tanto patri, et 

v'estre prelacie sidus luciferum ad nostre relevacionis tutelam longeva 

3er tempora piis radiis rutilare. Etsi jamdudum statuerimus sublimitati 

v'estre, reverend issime in Christo pater, ob novos honores atque trans- 

acionem vestram ad Cantuariensem sedem, simul atque nobis res 

:ognita fuerit, litteris nostris congratulari — nam vestram eminenciam 

30St alios dignitatum titulos ad hunc amplissimum statum et excelsam 

Bedem provehi toti Universitati Oxoniensi usque adeo gratissimum 

iuit, ut singulare sibi munus existimaret a celesti majestate tributum ; 

i— considerantes tamen maximas curas, publicasque et pastorales 

IDCCupaciones, quibus turn vestra paternitas distringeretur, decrevimus 

pocius hujusmodi observancie et humanitatis officium aliquantum 

icempus intermittere, quam graves et arduas sollicitudines vestras nostris 

^ciam intempestivis litteris onerare. Jam vero, cum vos a publicis 

muneribus aliquantulum acquievisse cognovimus, affeccionem et obser- 

(vanciam nostram, tanquam oportuniori tempore captato, his litteris 

fcongratulariis nunciantes congratulamur ex intimis animis excellencie 

kfestre. Nam ex hac preclara sublimacione vestra non solum ecclesia 

lAnglicana doctum, justum et sapientem primatem, sed Universitas 

bciam Oxoniensis studii ornamentum quoddam et decus, atque adversus 

knorsus, calumnias, et contumelias obtrectatorum tutum presidium 

hobis accepisse videtur. Delatus enim est vobis excelsus honor, dignus 

|auctoritate, sapiencia et virtute vestra ; ubi et lumen sciencie et virtutis 

jvestre atque laus et gloria Oxoniensis studii elucere possit ; ubi nos et 

,in secundis rebus fiducia, et in adversis perfugium et solacium habe- 

bimus. Quare et superne majestati gracias agimus, et nobis vehe- 

'menter gaudemus. Postremo vestre amplitudini obnixe et cum omni 

pbservancia obsecramus, ut, cum res et tempus postulet, in omnibus 

rebus, causis et negociis nostris vestre dominacionis humanitatem, 

graciam et benevolenciam nobis impendere et exhibere dignemini. . 

Valeat feliciter paternitas vestra in magnam etatem, reverendissime in 

•Christo pater. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis do??io, mensis 

Marcii die septimo decimo, Vestre paternitatis reverendissime humil- 

"lima oratrix Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 
I 

Testimonial letters for Masters Henry Moorcote and 
Richard Pees. 

I Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo i444- 
jquadragesimo quarto, mensis Aprilis die tercio, sigillate erant due littcre 
ttestimoniales pro magistris Henrico Moorcote et Ricardo Pees; sub 
jforma communi, que ponitur folio vicesimo quarto. 



240 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. , 

Fol. 70 a. Acquittance of Master Wm. Kynwolmersche, for fine | 

paid by him. \\ 

1444. Memorandum, quod sexto decimo die Aprilis, in convocaciont 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium, sigillata est acquietancii 
magistro Willelmo Kynwolmersche, sub hac forma, ' de centum solidn ' 
solutis Universitaii, eo quod non incepit infra annum post suam licencim 
cionem in sacra theologia! 

Testimonial letter for Master John Brystwyk. | 

1444. Memorandum, quod eodem sexto decimo die Aprilis, in eadem conl 
vocacione, sigillata est littera testimonialis magistro Johanni Brystwyk! 
sub forma que ponitur folio vicesimo quarto. ; 

172 \ [ 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

To gaze at and admire your beautiful gifts is easy, hut to render du^^ 
thanks and praise is, in this world, impossible. The very fountain a\ 
eloquence, which flows from the imperishable works of Cicero am 
Demosthenes, brought to light again by your exertions, would he ex\ 
hausted in the effort: your reward must be hereafter. Thus, insufficierr 
to do justice to your divine merit, we fly for refuge to your indulgenct^ 
and beg you to accept instead thereof our gratitude and an everlasting 
remembrance of your name. For, though the fame of your liherali( 
were known in the uttermost regions of the earth, and though all edu 
cated 7nen should desire your favour, and vie with each other in devotin. ' 
their labours to the increase of your honour, yet here in Oxford mm 
ever be the home of your glory : and while distant rays may reac 
the students of every clime, here we enjoy, so to speak, the very beams c ' 
the sun itself We hope that you will not think we have been remiss i 
delaying for a time to write to you : we have done so because we hear 
that you were shortly coming to this neighbourhood, and we hoped to hai 
an opportunity of thanking you in person : suspect not the reality of ou 
gratitude : would that you could lay upon us some command, whic 
would prove the sincerity of our devotion ! 

\ 

1444. QuANTAS gracias et laudes nos celsitudini tue, princeps illustrissim( | 
debeamus, tibi pro luce sapiencie tue longe facilius est estimare quai . 
nobis perscribere. Nam magnificenciam illorum pulcherrimorur 
munerum et immortalium donorum, quibus Universitatem stud , 

^ There is no address or date to this epistle. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



241 



Oxoniensis liberalissime confoveris et ornaris, suspicere, admirari 
totisque mentibus colere et semper venerari possumus; sed justis 
graciis prosequi, aut dignis laudibus ornare, nunquam. Vincit enim 
omnem dicendi copiam, omne agendarum graciamm genus ilia eximia 
virtus, liberalitas et magnificencia tua. Unde fit ut lacteus ille fons 
eloquencie, tuis istic amplissimis et eternis donis affluenter exundans 

' (quern tua excellencia mira quadam derivacione de Italia, de Grecia 
aliisque disjunctissimis terris in Angliam traduxit, ita ut preclara ilia 

, opera ac elegantissima precepta Ciceronis et Demosthenis, quasi a 
tenebris evocata, jam tua ope et virtute in luce et in oculis omnium 
versentur), in tuis tamen laudibus atque graciis tue serenitati agendis, 
tanquam virtutum et beneficiorum tuorum magnitudine exhaustus, 
arescat. Quo fit ut omnes intelligere possimus illas singulares virtutes 
tuas et immortalia dona humano ore satis digne laudari non posse ; et 
quasi terrenas gracias et humanas laudes dedignancia celeste premium 
et supernam retribucionem expectare. Itaque cum gracias tuis divinis 
meritis dignas nee verbis quidem agere valeamus, ad tuam benignitatem, 

' cujus pre te fers inter ceteras virtutes insigne nomen, confugimus ; 
vehementer obsecrantes ut gratos, memores, et obsequentissimos 
animos nostros sempiternamque apud nos nominis tui gloriam loco 
graciarum suscipias. Nam etsi clarissima humanitatis, liberalitatis, 
ceterarumque regiarum virtutum fama ad extremas orbis terrarum 
partes penetravit, et ad omnes, qui optima et liberalissima sapiencie 
studia colant, percrebuerit ; ita ut omnes eruditi viri non solum amorem, 
graciam et benevolenciam tuam certatim appetant, verum eciam labores 
et opera sua nomini tuo consecrare, atque excellencium ingeniorum 
monumenta tuo splendore illustrare contendant ; hac tamen munifi- 
cencia et liberalitate, qua in nos usus sis, factum est ut hec illustris 
nominis tui gloria non incertis sedibus vagari, sed proprium domicilium 
in Universitate studii Oxoniensis habere videatur, ubi laudis insignia et • 
monumenta nominis tui in perpetuum requiescant. Proinde cum tua 
sublimitas huic seculo et etati nostre lumen attulisse omnibus litteratis 
videatur, nos ceteris omnibus longe feliciores sumus : quod ipsi radiis 
tantum, longe tamen lateque dififusis, nos vero ipso sole,ut ita dixerimus, 
oblectemur. Jam vero amplitudinem tuam obsecramus, princeps 
humanissime, diuturnum silencium litterarum nostrarum atque hujus- 

jmodi officii intermissionem egre non feras, nec neglige ncie aut in- 

jgratitudini, sed observancie pocius ac cuidam opinioni nostre attribuas. 

Nam ubi nuper magnificum illud et illustre librorum munus ad alia Fol. 70 b. 

singularia et amplissima dona tua accumulalum acceperimus, fama 

ipud nos fuit te prope diem palacia quedam et predia tua, ad oblecta- 

cionem animi laxamentumque curarum hac ingrediente estate visere 

R 



242 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



el obire, atque eciam non longe a nobis iter facere statuisse. Unde 
nos magna leticia afFecti, non litleris aut mutis apicibus absentes, sed . 
vive vocis organo presentes, tuumque vultum et spirancia ora intuentes, ,1 
laudes et gracias divinis his meritis tuis dignas pro viribus agere et I 
celebrare apud tuam serenitatem decrevimus. Vemm cum aliter res 1 
eveniat, ad litteras, quasi expectata opportunitate defraudati, recur- ■. 
rimus, humillime supplicantes ut, si prius in hujusmodi observanciei 
officio tardi, nunc in mora purganda seduli ac celeres judicemur., Nam \ 
ubi pietatem, fidem, aut aliquod observancie officium requiras, si hi, 
quos tantis beneficiis ornaris, in te colendo aut observando languerent ? 1 
Deleatur igitur ex animo omnis negligencie, oblivionis aut ingratitu- 1 
dinis suspicio ; et nos totos ex debito tuos tueque voluntati deditos et 
obsequentissimos judices. Quod utinam aliquid, quod equum et tua t 
sublimitate dignum foret, nobis pro honore, gloria, et felici statu tuol 



agendum injungeres, ubi vicissim nostrum obsequium ac observancia 



erga excellenciam tuam reluceret. Nihil enim optabilius aut jocundius 



nobis obtingere posset, Valeatque feliciter celsitudo tua, illustrissime | 

et ornatissime princeps; quam in omnibus rebus dirigat equissimus , 

bonorum omnium Retributor. Tui humiles et perpetui oratores ] 
Cancellarius et Universitas studii Oxoniensis, &c. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Albon. 

Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo ' 
quadragesimo quarto, et quarto die Julii sigillata fuit littera testimonialis, 
sub forma communi, pro Willelmo Albon, doctore in decretis, ordinis f 
S. Benedicti. 



To the Abbots and Priors of the Order of S. Benedict, 



The first instalment 0/ your liberal donation for the erection of the 
school of theology has been duly received ; and we desire to express our 
heartfelt thanks. The building progresses, but our funds are quite ex- 
hausted. We hope, therefore, that you will not attribute it to any distrust 
that we now send one of our Proctors, Master f. Trystrop, requesting 
you to pay into his hands, if convenient to you, the remainder of the sum 
promised. 

Reverendis in Christo patribus, Abbatibus et Prioribus S. Benedicti, 
in capitulo generali Northamtonie congregatis. 

Magnum quidem et memorabile donum, reverendi in Christo patres, 
quandam videlicet pecuniarum summam, ad ereccionem fabricamque 




assembled in Chapter at Northampton. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



243 



novarum scolarum, dudum apud nos comrauni consilio inchoatam, 
auctoritate et assensu tocius ordinis vestri capituli, jam pridem apud 
Northamptoniam congregati, tribuit nobis religio vestra; ob quam 
eximiam et divinam liberalitatem ingentes paternitatibus vestris et 
amplissimas gracias agimus. Verum cum summe nobis promisse 
unam superioribus diebus partem recepimus, alteraque porcio jam 
reliqua supersit; mittimus inpresenciarum ad reverendas paternitates 
vestras confratrem nostrum magistrum Johannem Trystrop, alterum 
procuratorem Universitatis nostre ; ut ipse, si vobis quoque id gratum 
jfuerit, residues nummos nomine nostro consequatur. Eam namque 
^ravitatem, religionem et auctoritatem vestram agnoscimus, ut nec de 
♦benevolencia vestra nec de fide neque de constancia desperemus. 
Porro opus ceptum, quoad facultas nostra ferat, maturare et ad op- 

tatam consummacionem deducere summo studio et desiderio conamur ; 
led rei magnitude thesaurum pene omnem et erarium nostrum ex- 
hausit. Unde, quo necessitas nobis urgencior immineat^, eo munifi- 
cencia vestra grata opportunior et longe jocundior erit. 

174- 

A false report officially contradicted. Fol. 71a. 

A report having been circulated that our late proctor, master J. Tris- 
^rope, hindered and finally prevented the graduation of master J. Paknam; 

we hereby declare the said report to be devoid of any foundation. Master 

Paknam was not in any way impeded, or put to expense or trouble {except 
\mch as are required by our statutes^ in taking any degree to which his 

standing entitled him : nor has Master Tristrope in this, or any other 

rase, exceeded the duties of his office. 

\ Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1445. 
ipervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem salutem in omnium 
Salvatore. Quia ex certa relacione quorumdam jam nuper audivimus, 
[juod quidam, in certis Anglie partibus falsis ac injustis accusacionibus 
[idem adhibentes, predicant et imponunt quod venerabilis vir et dilectus 
confrater noster, magister Johannes Tristrop, jam nuper nostre Univer- 
sitatis alter procurator, quandam venerabilem virum, Johannem Paknam, 
latriusque juris bachillarium, ab optati sui gradus suscepcione diu 
hetardavit, et finaliter impedivit; in predicti Johannis prejudicium 
jion modicum et gravamen ; Hinc nos, falsis ac injustis hujuscemodi 

j ^ immmiat MS. 

i R 2 



I 



1 1 



244 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

accusacionibus obviare volentes, has nostras per litteras attestamur pre- 
fatum venerabilem virum, Johannem Paknam, a sui gradus suscepcione ; 
nullatenus fuisse impeditum ; sed, absque quacumqUe inquietacionc 
seu bonorum suorum amissione, omnem gradum, pro tunc sibi con- 
gruentem, ad placitum suum honorifice recepisse. Et constat nobis 
dilectum confratrem nostrum, magistrum Johannem Tristrope, contra 
prefatum Johannem, sicut nec contra quemlibet alium, in isto negocio 
nihil egisse, indiscrete attemptasse seu quomodolibet exegisse; nisi ' 
prout ex statutis, consuetudinibus, privilegiis et libertatibus nostre • 
Universitatis — ad que illesa servanda prefatus confrater noster speciale ) 
prestitit juramentum — facere potuit et debuit congruenter. In cujus 
rei testimonium sigillum commune nostre Universitatis presentibus est , 
appensum. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, decimo mm die f 
mensis Julii^ anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo \ 
quint 0 ^ I 

175- 

Fol. 71b. To the Duke of Gloucester. ; 

By your magnificent donation, from having been well-nigh without r 
books ^ this University has become richer than any other in these treasures ; i 
so that we scarcely know where to bestow them. Whatever has been ^ 
written that is worth reading is now accessible here to all comers. Here 
the Greek and Latin tongues in their original majesty^ for so many 
centuries consigned to oblivion, by your instrumentality see the light . 
again ; and here too are being placed most elegant works dedicated, as no 
doubt many others will hereafter be, to your name. Hither flock from | 
every land men of industry unwearied and of acutest intellect. We wish \ 
you could behold with what greediness and thirst for knowledge the troops 
of students hang over your books ; and hear how they encourage and 
stimulate each other. The gift is a noble action of a noble mind ; and no 
prince, however great his learning., his love of literature, his patronage 
of scholars, could have devised one more in harmony with his own 
cultured taste. Our words are too feeble to express our thanks, and we 
wish for a permanent memorial of your generosity . If we could place your 
books in a suitable chamber, separate from others, the crowding of the 
readers might be avoided ; and for this purpose we would offer the new 
school now in building. The situation is retired and quiet, and we 
venture to suggest that the new library should be called by your name : 
Will your boundless charity excuse this presumptuous suggestion ? 

^ This testimonial is misplaced, it should, as the date shows, come on fol. 73 ^ ' 
before the testimonial letter for Nicholas Cargut. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



245 



Serenissimo atque illustrissimo principi, Humfrido, duci Gloucestrie, i445- 
comiti Pembrochie, magno camerario Anglie et domino nostro gra- 
ciosissimo. 

Cum dudum, illustrissime princeps et magnificentissime cleri 
patrone, deditissimam serenitati vestre ancillam matrem nostram am- 
iplissimis, immortalibus divinisque muneribus splendide ornaveritis, rem 
'omni laude dignissimam credimus vos egisse : rem profecto qua nihil 
jillustrius, nihil eterna retribucione dignius, nihil denique in orbe 
terrarum precelsius quisquam hominum efficere potuisset. Quid enim 
jpreclarius, quid nobilius quam Universitatem Oxoniensem, jam ope 
jv^estra omnium florentissimam, pauIo ante librorum valde inopem, 
bumulatissimis insignissimorum voluminum pulcherrimisque donis non 
mediocriter divitem effecisse, sed longe ditissimam ; adeo ut publicum 
bjus erarium vix continere possit divicias ? Adeo certe ut nihil fere 
jasquam leccione dignum fuerit, cujus illic propatulus non datur 
ntuitus. Hie enim prisca Greci Latinique sermonis majestas, quam 
jncuria hominum infinitis pene seculis obscuravit, patrocinio vestro in 
jucem traducta reflorescit. Istic insuper elegantissima opera nomini 
i/estro dedicata reponuntur ; quibus hand dubium non pauca super- 
iddet posteritas. Istic homines industria agiles, ingeniis acerrimi ab 
)mni orbis circumferencia velut ad centrum confluunt ; ut ab uberrimis 
bntibus hauriant doctrinam quam universis diffundant : Ex quo fit ut 
kerna tam magnifice liberalitatis monumenta omnium nacionum 
i^ratulacionibus consecrentur. O si celsitudini vestre interesse daretur ! 
Jt cerneretis quam sicienter, quam avide studencium coortes libris 
'estris certatim incumbunt ; apud se dicunt : ' Non est segnitiei locus ; 
naximi adsunt hospites, et maximo curandi impendio dormire totis 
lociibus non sinunt, vigilandum est, lahorandum est' Nemo illos sine 
idmiracione respicit, cunctis una voce testantibus se nunquam libros - 
anta claritate conspicuos, tanta gravitate refertos vidisse. Itaque 
tlarissimum animum non minus clarum munus decuit. Quid enim 
loctissimus atque eloquentissimus princeps, quid ingeniorum cultor 
ollertissimus, quid indulgentissimus studii amator quam speciosissima 
ngenii atque doctrine ornamenta congruencius daret? Rarissima 
:erte munera jocundissimaque ; et, si verum rei precium exquiratur, 
'nestimabilia : pro quibus si impares gracias agamus, beneficiorum 
nagnitudini tribuas: agimus tamen quam possumus magnas. Sed, 
it ait Cicero, majores habemus, quibus exprimendis et accuraciore 
tilo et feliciore opus esset eloquio. Ad quod unum porro sufficimus, Fol. 7a 
leculiariter in eterna memoria recolendi estis. Et ut per hoc, si quid 
Kiaximo addi possit, tante munificencie gloria fiat illustrior, optamus 
lacram et celebrem scienciarum sedem reparari; ubi honorificencius 



246 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. i 

et ad utilitatem studencium multo commodius libri vestri ab aliis se- - 
gregati collocentur. Jam enim, si quis, ut fit, uni libro inhereat, aliis 1 
studere volentibus, ad tres vel quatuor, pro vicinitate colligacionis, || 
precludit accessum. Itaque locus huic rei nobis maxime videtur ' 
idoneus, ubi venerabilis vir et Cancellarius noster, semper reipublice ' 
amantissimus, magister Thomas Chace, spectabilem novarum scolarum 
fabricam, ad cetera sue virtutis testimonia, insigni mensura ^ ab humo ' 
erexit : quam nos cito, quoad exigua suppetebat facultas, promovimus. ; 
Hie locus, propterea quod a strepitu seculari remocior, bibliothece ■ 
admodum videtur conveniens : cujus fundacionis titulum, si magnitu- 
dini vestre acceptabile fuerit, cum omni devocione offerimus : presu- 
mentes quod ignea virtus et accensa caritas vestra frenum nesciat, [ 
cum alias accusabilis fuerit, hie excusabilis redditur ilia presumpcio. 
Elegantissima scribendi brevitas vestra ne longius vagemur admonet; | 
subsistimus igitur, Deum orantes cunctosque celicolas, ut serenitatem ' 
vestram^, tam sanguinis quam ingenii nobilitate ornatam, Dominus^ 
jubeat in statu felicissimo florere. Datum in nostre congregacionis i 
domo, quartodecimo die Julii. Devotissima et perpetua oratrix vestra ' 
Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

A copy of * Phaedo ' lent to the Duke of Gloucester. 

1445. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quadragesimo quinto, mensis Januarii die tercio decimo, deliberatus i 
erat domino duci Gloucestrie liber Platonis ' in Phedone', sub forma 
mutui, secundo folio ' ex quo cogitarel in convocacione magistrorum 
regencium et non-regencium. 

f 

Fol. 72 b. The University undertakes to indemnify Master John 

Trysthorp the proctor. 

His special zeal for our honour, faithful discharge of duty, and unusual 
labours in preserving peace and resisting infringement of our privileges 
moving us thereto, we hereby undertake to bear Master fohn Trysthorp 
harmless, at our expense, in all suits which may arise out of his \ 

conduct during his office as Proctor. | 

I 

1445. Memorandum, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo , 

^ mensuram MS. ^ After vestram occurs a blot or smear and a vacant place 
on the MS. and then the word genia, whatever it may mean ; probably redundant, |' 
as ' ingenii ' is only separated from it by three words. ^ The vacant place ^ 

above noted extends downwards into the line below, after the word I have rendered 
Dominus. This may perhaps be Domini, if so, a word is gone of course. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



247 



quadragesimo quinto ^ mensis Aprilis die nono, sigillata erat quedam 
obligacio concernens personam magistri Johannis Trysthorp, pro tunc 
1 procuratoris dicte Universitatis, sub hac forma: Universis Christi 
.fidelibus, ad quos presentes littere pervenerint, Cancellarius Univer- 
sitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in 
jeadem salutem in omnium Salvatore : Quia venerabilis vir magister 
* Johannes Trysthorp, confrater noster et nostre Universitatis providus 
i alter procurator, pacis et honoris ejusdem Universitatis specialis 
! zelator, bene et fideliter executus est ea que ad suum officium hujus- 
\ modi spectant ; laboribus non parcendo insolentibus et pacem dicte 
« Universitatis infringentibus resistendo, propter quietem studii ejusdem 
consequendam ; unde dicta Universitas, diligenciam ejus considerans 
et curam circa pacem et quietem studii sui, obligat se per presentes 
dictum magistrum Johannem defendere, et servare indemnem sump- 
itibus et expensis ipsius Universitatis erga quoscunque, in causis 
! singulis dictum suum officium tangentibus, pro tempore quo hujus- 
I modi officium occupavit. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum Oxonie in nostre 
congregacionis domo, mensis Aprilis die nono, anno Domini millesimo 
\qmdringentesimo quadragesimo quinto, regnique regis Henrici sexti 
■post conquestum vicesimo tercio. 

176. 
To the King. 

\ That the welfare of the realm is your care we know from the kindness 
*'you have ever shown towards this University. Our words hut feebly 
express our gratitude for your goodness to us, and, through us, to the 
I Church at large. Master Gascoigne, late our Chancellor, has resigned 
j that office from insufficient means, we believe, to support the dignity ' 
I with credit. No one has ever discharged the duties of Chancellor so 
efficiently ; under his rule vice has been repressed, virtue and learning 
encouraged, peace fostered. We greatly desire that he would consent to 
he again our Chancellor ; and hope, that hy thus committing his cause 
to you, we may find that help which we are ourselves unable to aff^ord. 

Serenissimo principi et domino, domino nostro metuendissimo, 1445. 
, Henrico, Dei gracia Anglie et Francie regi illustrissimo. 

Insignissimo et Christianissimo principi, Anglie et Francie illustris- 
simo regi, cum omni dcvocione observancias et honores : Serenissime 
I princeps, cum sacram majeslatem vestram semper reipublicc aman- 
j tissimam per singula gestorum insignia facile intelleximus, maxime 
^ quarto MS., but see cui fin. 



I 

ll 



248 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

tamen ex eo quod Univeisitatem veslram Oxoniensem, non solum ; 
antiquis privilegiis et libertatibus inconcussis, verum eciam novis ' 
eximie magnificencie beneficiis atque pristine dignitatis amplificacione ! 
decoravit. Quod utique summis laudibus celebrandum et omni 
graciarum accione ab universis Christianis prosequendum est, sed ' 
et a nobis peculiari quodam modo, qui tarn magnifice liberalitatis | 
proxime sumus participes. Itaque cumulatissimas graciarum acciones \ 
redderemus, si ad exprimendam devocionem, quam mente gerimus, 
verba suppeterent. O preclara beneficia, quibus non modo glorie 
vestre quin eciam fidei Christiane et communi hominum saluti con- 
sulitis! Vera utique et non refragabilis veterum sentencia est artes 
honore nutriri. Quid igitur, quum studiosos ita regius favor applaudit, ; 
nonne ad imitacionem virtutis ceteri accenduntur ? Ac ilia, ubicum- ( 
que gencium imperet, beatam necesse est efficiat rempublicam. Quod [ 
in venerabili et probatissime virtutis viro, magistro Thoma Gascoygne, | 
nostro jamdudum rectore et Cancellario, satis sumus experti; qui j 
tempore sui felicis regiminis tam fortiter quam perseveranter, tarn \ 
prudenter quam salubriter omnia rexit atque moderatus est, ut nec i 
Fol. 73 a. majori studio neque dignioribus ex causis quemquam commendare j 
debeamus. Ilium itaque sciencia eruditum, sapiencia gravem, circum- i 
speccione providum, et sanctimonia vite insignem, celsitudini vestre i 
commendamus ; vehementer obsecrantes quatinus pie consideracionis ? 
oculos in has commendacionis nostre litteras retorquere dignemini. e 
Obtestamur insuper, et iterum atque iterum obsecramus, ut sibi, qui|i 
jam pridem Cancellariatus sui officium in manus nostras sponte et ^ 
libere resignavit, quamprimum et quam humanissime reverendos!' 
affatus litterarum vestrarum destinetis ; quo earumdem contemplacione 
illud resumet. Est etenim, ut omnes et singuli indubitata fide tenemus, 
Universitati huic vestre rector summopere necessarius : sub cujus 
dudum regimine omnia letis auspiciis processerunt. Nunquam vitia 
artius premebantur, nunquam virtutes aut studia litterarum et sapiencia 
studiosius colebantur, nunquam pacis tranquillitas gracius fovebatur. 
Hunc ideo talem, tam eruditum et tam in omni virtutis genere pre- 
stantem, qui tot tantisque rebus nobis usui et ornamento fuit, tanquam 
de republica optime meritum omnes una voce, nec ullo reclamante, 
iterato elegimus. Recusat onus subire : rei familiaris penuriam suspi- 
camur in causa, ob quam forsan sibi visum est cum honorificencia com- 
mode illud administrare non posse. Defectui nimirum huic compatimur 
sed subvenire non possumus; ideoque in celsam et sublimem potenciam 
vestram causam commendamus. Postremo deprecamur ut annos ' 
vite vestre proroget in longam etatem cum gloria, et demum ab hoc 
solio mortali ad eternum transferat Is, apud quem fons vite est. Rex 

I 
I 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



249 



-egum et Dominus dominorum. Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congrega- 
:ionis do??w, men sis Apr His die diiodevicesimo. Humillima oratrix 
/estra Universitas Oxonie. 

Testimonial letter for Master Nicholas Gosse. 

Memorandum, quod quinto die Julii, anno Domini millesimo quad- 1445. 
ringentesimo quadragesimo quinto, sigillata erat littera testimonialis 
pro magistro Nicholao Gosse, sub eadem forma que habetur folio 
DCtavo registri. 

Acquittance of Nicholas Cargut, on payment of his fine. Fol. 73 b. 

Memorandum, quod decimo die Julii, in convocacione magistrorum i445- 
regencium et non-regencium sigillata erat acquietancia Nicholao 
Cargut, in legibus licenciato, de centum solidis, eo quod non incepit 
infra annum post suam licenciacionem in legibus. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Trysthorpe. 

Memorandum, quod decimo nono die mensis Julii, in convocacione i445* 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium, sigillata erat littera testi- 
monialis sub communi forma pro magistro Johanne Trysthorpe, cum 
hoc addito, ' nuper alterius procuratorisl 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Memorandum, quod in congregacione regencium fuit acquietancia i445' 
sigillata sub hac forma : Noverint universi per presentes, nos, 
magistrum Robertum Burton, Cancellarium natum Universitatis Oxon- 
iensis, et magistros Willelmum Mortone et Thomam Coplestone, 
predicte Universitatis procuratores, recepisse et habuisse die con- 
feccionis presencium de Abbate et conventu de Enisham, in comitatu 
Oxoniensi, viginti sex solidos sterlingorum ; in partem solucionis - 
cujusdam annue pensionis predicte Universitati debite : De quibus 
' quidem viginti sex solidis fatemur nos fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem 
et conventum inde acquietamus per presentes sigillo nostro communi 
isignatas. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo primo die 
' mensis Novembris, anno regni regis Henrici sexti vicesimo quarto \ 

Testimonial letter for Master John Salforde. 

Memorandum, quod quarto die mensis Decembris, anno Domini 1445. 
! millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo quinto, sigillata erat una 
1 littera testimonialis pro magistro Johanne Salforde, doctore sacre 
j theologie, sub forma que ponitur in folio octavo hujus libri. 

^ This seems to be a mistake for quinto. 

I 



250 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Testimonial letter for Master Gilbert Haydok. f 

1445. Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Decembris, in con- jl 
vocacione magistrorum regencium et non-regencium, sigillata eral |: 
littera testimonialis pro magistro Gilberto Haydok, sub hac forma ; j 
Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere, per- \ 
venerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis ' 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem salutem in omnium ji 
Salvatore : Inter cetera humanitatis officia justicie procul dubio con- 
sentaneum, et nobis, qui virtutis et sciencie studia profitemur, peculiari 
quodam modo debitum est, viros morum gravitate et sciencia preditos 
testimonio digne laudis juvare. Enimvero dum bene mentis laus i, 
tribuitur, ceteris ad capessendam virtutis viam spes paratur. Hec et ' 
ejuscemodi ante oculos nostre consideracionis statuentes, per has| 
litteras attestamur, quod predictus nobis in Christo confrater, magisteri 
Gilbertus Haydok, vir quidem conversacionis venustate conspicuus,! 
ingenio agilis et imprimis eruditus, adeo studiose, sapienter et summa | 
cum gravitate vitam nobiscum transegit, ut cunctis bene beatequel 
vivendi spectaculum exibendo ad magistratus apicem in facultatet 
arcium provehi meritus sit; et que ad tanti gradus sollemnitatemi' 
attinebant honorifice cuncta explevit. Ut igitur, hujus testificacionisl 
gracia, omnium quorum penes se interest propensiorem consequatur ^ I 
favorem, has litteras communi dicte Universitatis sigillo fecimusij. 
consignari. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, anno Dominh 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo quinto, et mensis Decembris die 
vicesimo tercio. 

1 

Fol. 74 a. Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. ^ i 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Decembris, sigillata 1 
erat una acquietancia pro Abbate et conventu de Hoseney, pro| 
viginti sex solidis octo denariis sub forma communi, &c. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Moddrey. 

1445. Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die mensis Februarii, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo quinto, sigillata 
fuit^ una littera testimonialis pro magistro Johanne Moddrey, arcium 
magistro, sub forma que ponitur folio vicesimo sexto hujus registri. ' 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1445. Memorandum, quod octavo die Marcii sigillata erat una acquietancia 
pro Abbate et conventu de Eynsham, pro quadraginta duobus solidis, 



EPIS TOLA E A CA DEMICA E. 



ie anno regni regis Henrici sexti \icesimo quarto, post conquestum, 
mb forma que poniLur folio trices imo quarto. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Waltham. 

LiTTERA testimonialis magistri Thome Waltham, sacre theologie 1446. 

::oris, sub antiqua forma cum ista clausula special! ' formamque 
.ruam uitegram regencie in sacra theologia in eadem Universitate 
^aadabiliter exercuit et comple\it." Datum Oxonie in nostre congrega- 
:tams domo, quinio die Julii, an?io Domini milUsimo qiiadringentesimo 
luadragesimo sexio ^. 



To the King. Fol. 74 b. 

Your illusirious actions fill our hearts with admiration and love for 
the throne, but most conspicuous of them all is that favour, with which 
you regard the two Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the lights of 
the nation and of all the world. This your policy adds not only to your 
glory, but to the welfare of tJie realm. For both the words of the wise 
and the records of the past prove that those states have flourished wherein 
learning has been fostered. We beg therefore that you will grant us 
possession of the books promised to us by the Duke cf Gloucester, when 
present in our house of Congregation ; which gift he confirmed shortly 
before his death. 

*Serenissdio atque illustrissimo principi, Anglie et Francie insig- 
nissimo regi. 

Serenissime atque illustrissime princeps, post deditissimas ex 1447- 
integritate cordium observancias ac subjecciones humiUimas. Dum 
preclara spectatissimaque in toto orbe terrarum regie magnificencie 
gesta nobiscum recordacione continua dulcique memoria recensemus, 
admirabili stupore ducimur et ultra quam credi potest vehementi 
j dileccione allecti sumus, ut regiam majestatem super omnia mundi ex 
inlimis diligendam atque recolendam arbitremur ^. ac ut ejus saluti 
J nedum corpora sed eciam animam dedicemus. Inter cetera tamen 
,que admiramur illud singulari laude prelucet, quod in duo inclitissimi 
hujus regni et tocius orbis luminaria, Oxoniam et Cantebrigiam 

I * Here follow, as io date, letters 179, iSo. fol. 75 b, both \mtten before the 
' death of H., Duke of Gloucester. ^ The date of this and the following letter 

is written by a contemporary hand at the top of the folio, which is quite unusual 

in this MS. = at bitramur MS. 



252 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Universitates, tarn propensi favoris, tante benignitatis et tarn exuber 
antis gracie oleum, quo foveantur, assidue semper infunditis ; u 
jam absque defeccione perpetuam et prope inextinguibilem ortodox( 
fidei et salutaris doctrine sue lucem, non modo per hujus terre ambi 
turn, sed ab hinc ad distantissimas regiones, omnibus Christianis ' 
diffundant. Et quid gloriosius, quid ad regni salutem stabilius, quic 
eterna retribucione dignius excogitari potest, quam in omnem cleruni i 
suum et sanctam matrem ecclesiam nobilissimi ac graciosissimi regis it 
animum tanto amoris ardore accendi, quanto de summis et maximis \ 
principibus, cunctis retro seculis, paucos admodum legimus aut 
audivimus inflammatos ? Profecto hoc magnum, hoc maximum, ^ 
Christianissime rex, perpetue ^ felicitatis presagium et glorie regni | 
vestri : qua in re baud dubium est perpendisse optime regiam magni-| 
ficenciam illud Ciceronis eloquium, ' parvi sunt forts arma nisi estl 
domi consilium^ consilium, inquam, sapientum. Consideratis eteniml 
omnibus, per que principum florent fructificantque officia, et regnorum 1 
gloria sublimata videatur, solerti adhibita circumspeccione, precipuum | 
sapiencie cultoribus et litterarum studio deditis prepotentis ac magnifice i 
dominacionis benevolenciam et supportacionem exhiberi. Etenim vero i 
si veteres a dierum primordiis revolvuntur historie, ubicunque studial 
scienciarum sub clemencia et tuicione principum floruerint, illic simul l * 
imperium floruisse compertum est. Rogamus igitur, et cum omniij 
humillitate ac devocione regiam amplitudinem obsecramus, quatenuss; 
celeberrime Universitati vestre Oxoniensi, xX ejus in sempiternum non.^^ 
extinguatur lucerna, soliti favoris et gracie indeficiens lumen celsitudo < ; 
regia exhibere dignetur ; libros illos nobis, tam numerose plebi j 
studencium, de regali munificencia largiendo, quos magnificus princeps 
Humfridus dux Gloucestrie, dum in humanis agebat, nobis, devotis- 
simis oratoribus vestris in nostre congregacionis domo, magno et 
spectabili tunc presente cetu doctorum et magistrorum, libere ac 
gratanter donavit ; et eandem donacionem ^, ut fideli nobis relacione 
intelligi datum est, non longe eciam ante obitum confirmavit. Nullum ij 
enim majus beneficium majestas regia nobis facere posset, quam t 
ut libros illos, quibus plurimum indigemus, in nostram consolacionem " 
maximam reciperemus. Pra qua re, et ex integro iterum atque iterum, i 
majestatem regiam humillime obsecramus: quam, ad cleri et regni 
stabilimentum, Deus omnipotens conservet incolumem longiora per 
tempora. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis domo, Sj-c. Devotissima ii 
et perpetua oratrix Universitas vestra Oxoniensis. 

^ ede, added over the line MS. ; what is intended is not clear, probably perpetu- \ 
ande. ^ et ut MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



253 



178. 

To Master John Somersettc Fol. 75 a. 

Of all your r€??iarkable qualities we congratulate you chiefly on your 
tower of withdrawing your mind from public cares and applying it to 
literary studies. We regard your call to a position wherein your wise 
counsel is so useful, as fiothing less than providential, and entreat you to 
^se your ififluence with the King, in obtaining for us possession of the 
books give?i us by the Duke of Gloucester by word of mouth ; and never 
, revoked before his death. 

Clarissimo ac spectatissimo viro et doctori famosissimo, magistro 1447. 
Johanni Somersett, fautori et amatori nostro precipuo. 

Dum exuberancia vestrarum virtutum insignia non parva cum 
admiracione animo recolligimus, doctor famosissime, in id apprime 
summa congraculacione afficimur, vos, virum in rei quidem publice 
' consultacione occupatissimum, honestissimis tamen scienciarum litteris 
jincumbere ; et inter curarum sollicitudines solitudinem quandam ducere. 
jVerum si publica pro administracione bene meritis mortalitatis ^ fama, 
jet definitus, teste Cicerone, apud superos locus debeatur ; hec eo vobis, 
jdoctor, diviniore quodam modo accrescere arbitrandum est, quo 
isacratum sibi ^ ocium cum operosis negociis sociali quodam vicissitu- 
jdine ita conficitis, ut postanxiosos sudores hoc illi ad quietis solacium, 
jilla vero isti ad gloriam sint et tutamen. Itaque non sine divina 
jquadam sorte actum esse putavimus, lactentem vos jam ac . . . ^ 
' apud nos trivialibus intendentem, veluti e matris cunabulis, tante celsi- 
tudinis prudencie tandem non ab re assistere evocatum ; ubi et studiosi 
quique et sapiencie dediti tutorem vos consultorem* atque coadjutorem 
paratissimum invenerint. Unde et nos primum maximas gracias et . 
ihabemus et agimus benevolencie vestre, quia tantam nunciis nostris 
jhumanitatem pro felici negociorum nostrorum expedicione nuperrime 
ostendistis, ut gratum desiderii nostri nuncium reportarent^ Rogamus 
deinde atque summo opere desideramus, ut, cum specialis ille noster 
' benefactor Umfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, libros suos, quos studio 
jdignos arbitratus est, nobis viva voce concesserit, atque pia hac in 
Holuntate, prout fidedignorum testimonio didiscimus, ad mortem 
'continue perduraret ; sic apud inclidssimum, Christianissimum et nobis 
graciosissimum regem nostrum diligencie vestre operam senciamus ; 

i ^ immortalitatisi ^ tibi'i ^ The word here is unintelligible in MS.; 

1 probably it is intended for * consulto?'Ufn MS. ® repoi'- 

1 tarunt ib. 



254 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



ut quod pia nobis voluntate indultum est, non minori sit pietate 
executum, Hortatu equidem et consilio vestro expedite magis quod 
volumus advenire nobis posse non ambiginaus ; quo pacto et rem 
memoratu satis dignam agetis, atque nos eterno et divino quodam 
afficietis beneficio. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, octavo die 
mensis Aprilis. Vestra dilectrix et amatrix Universitas Oxoniensis. 

IHS . • . MARIA . • . C ATERIN A. 



Fol. 75 b. the Duke of Gloucester. 

No words could discharge our debt of gratitude and praise^ though 
from every quarter of the world all the most eloquent of mankind should 
be gathered to perform the task. Your munificence cannot be rewarded 
in this life, but will be so hereafter. If others, to whom you are known 
only by your fame, owe you thanks, what must not be our debt, who have 
in person experienced such generosity ? While the course of nature is 
unchangeable our hearts will never cease to treasure your memory, and 
we will give all our powers of body and soul to serve you. We hope for 
your continued favour, for it is the sole foundation of our prosperity, and 
the books you have given us, both by their contents and beauty, are the 
admiration of all. 

1446. Serenissimo atque ornatissimo principi, Kumfrido, duci Glbucestrie, 
comiti Pembrochie, magno camerario Anglie et domino nostro 
graciosissimo. 

Quanta laudum preconia, quot et que amplissimarum graciarum 
acciones celsitudini vestre, observandissime princeps, nos humiles et 
obsequentissimi ejusdem oratores perpetuo immolare debeamus, non 
facile quidem fuerit eloquentissimis, ex omni orbis circumferencia ad 
hoc in unum velut centrum adunatis, exprimere. Tam exuberans 
quippe in nos et tam immensa est bonitas magnificencie vestre, quod 
omne laudis genus, omne agendarum graciarum munus exsuperat; 
et, quasi terrenam commendacionem dedignata, celeste premium et 
supernam retribucionem expectat. Quod quanquam ita sit, baud ideo 
humana cessant officia ; quum universos populos, cunctas gentes ex- 
tremaque maria laudes, etsi clarissimis meritis impares, celebrare 
certissimum est. At sane, dum ii, ad quos vel sola virtutis fama 
pertingit, ad nominis vestri gloriam laudes accumulant, quanto nos 
accuraciore studio fervencioreque zelo eam predicare, extollere et 
summopere magnificare convenit, qui virtute ipsa beneficencie ipsoque 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



255 



ibrorum divino et inestimabili munere donati, magnifice ornati, splen- 
Hde et amplissime aucti sumus. Certe, ut verbis utamur poete, apud 
10s * DufJi juga montis aper, fluvios dum piscis amahit, dum thimo 
mceniur apes, dum rore cichade, semper honos, nomen vestrum 
audesque manebunt! Et cum hoc ad condignum, pro magnitudine 
lebiti quo tenemur, non sufficiat, nos totos insuper loco supplementi 
)fFerimus, ac non modo corpora nostra sed immortales animas nostras 
'estris dedicamus obsequiis : amplitudinem vestram, humanissime 
)rinceps, vehementer eciam atque eciam obsecrantes, ut res nostras 
j.olito pietatis favore aspiciat. Hunc ipsum enim favorem, tanquam 
jinicam nostre salutis basim, statuimus, cujus firma ^ et inflexibili sup- 
portacione jam singula studiorum gignasia in pacis tranquillitate letis 
brocedunt auspiciis ; et pro magna parte universi libris, precipue con- 
entorum splendore ornatu et majestate allecti, ardentissimo studio 
^regatim incumbunt. Ex quo futurum ut inter illos cotidie magis ac 
Inagis illustres glorie vestre precones effulgeant ; que ut per eos sic 
t/igeat, et in eternitatem propagetur ac floreat, summo studio, sempiterna 
oenevolencia atque perpetuis oracionibus divinam majestatem nos 
■)bsecrare pollicemur. Devotissima et perpetua oratrix vestra Uni- 
/ersitas studii Oxonie. 

180. 

To the Duke of Gloucester. 

When we remember the benefits, unheard of in former ages, which 
vour never failing generosity has poured out upon us ; and how you have 
Protected and cherished us as a father his only daughter, we are at a loss 
^0 express our respect, honour, and love of your name. Your adminis- 
tration of affairs of state, your wisdom, your talents, your exalted 
\~haracter are the theme of universal admiration and praise ; and your 
'^afety and welfare the constant burden of our prayers. Hitherto every 
'pne preaching within the University has been bound by his oath to com- 
'memorate your benefactiojis ; to this we now add a further statute, to the 
yffect that the same obligation shall apply to all sermons delivered in 
blaces of importance elsewhere ; and that on every such occasion special 
Wayers shall be offered by name for you. We have elected Master 
I Gilbert Kymer, your clerk, to be our Chancellor ; in order that he may 
^mggest to us any procedure that may be agreeable to you. May your 
Hfe be long here, and everlasting hereafter 1 

Illustrissimo principi, Humfrido, Gloucestrie duci, comiti Pern- 1446. 
t)rochie ac magno camerario Anglie, et domino nostro graciosissimo. 

' firwo MS. 



256 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Serenissime princeps, dum cedulo ante oculos exacte considera 
cionis tractamus inaudita cunctis retro seculis beneficia, quibus magnific 
donati fuimus ; atque eciam adeo constantem, integram et uniformem 
vestre dominacionis graciam, que nullius beneficencie quantalibet 
magnitudine saciari, nec ullis suasionibus abalienari potuerit, quin tota 
in Universitatem Oxoniensem pleno cornu exuberet ; ut unicam, ut 
ancillam, imo pocius ut filiam, ut columbam, et oratricem perpetuam 
foveat, complectatur et diligat ; — sane dum hec nobiscum sepe ac 
multum discutimus, in quanta veneracione, cultu et dileccione incli- 
tissimi nominis vestri decus a nobis perpetuo celebrari debeat, nec 
verbis quidem persolvere nec mente satis excogitare sufficimus. Ver- 
satur in ore cujuslibet celeberrimum nomen Humfridi. Quidam' 
magnificenciam ducis admirantur et predicant ; alii administracionem ^ 
reipublice, sapiencie et consultacionis gravitatem preconizant; alii 
ingenii claritudinem atque in omni genere litterarum diligenciam ex- 
tollunt ; singulique singulares et excelsas virtutes magnificant : omnes 
denique pro vita et statu et incolumitate vestra crebras et assiduas sup- 
plicaciones superne majestati sine intermissione offerunt. Itaque, ad 
ampliorem tante magnificencie gloriam (si quid maxime superaddi 
possit), statutum inter nos est et execucione firmatum, ut, sicut ab olim 
et continue, publicos infra Universitatem sermones dicturi peculiare 
quoddam et precipuum memoriale nominis vestri agere in fide prestita 
obligati sunt, ita jam foris eodem functuri officio, in locis saltem regni 
famosissimis, nominatim et expresse celsitudinem vestram recensere, 
et oracionum suffragiis commendare teneantur^ Sic*, perceleber-! 
rimum^ hoc memoriale vigebit in evum ; dignissimas quoque laudes ^ 
nulla quidem etas unquam conticescet, quinimo magis ac magis 
florescent, dum vel solus in Universitate supersit, qui litteras legere aut 
intelligere sciverit, ut nova inde monumenta conficiat. Obsecramus 
igitur devote et obtestamur humillime amplitudinem vestram, humanis- 
sime princeps, ut nobis continuo soliti favoris et gracie indeficiens 
lumen exhibeat. Ac si quicquam beneplacito seu acceptacione dignum 
possibilitati nostre subsit, imponite, statuite et jubete : obsequentissimis 
animis parere ad omnia presto ac parati sumus. Nec ab re ideo 
gravem ac provide sencientem virum, magistrum Gilbertum Kymer, 
Fol. 76 a. celsitudinis vestre clericum,'sub cujus olim regimine letis auspiciis res 
nostre processerant, jam denuo in Cancellarium et rectorem nostrum 
elegimus ; ut docere, suggerere ^ et informare possit quid in gerendis 
rebus nostris ubique gratissimum fiat serenitati vestre. Quam in 
longam florentem ac desideratam etatem sic Omnipotens dirigat per 

^ Quidem MS. administraiione ib. ^ tenentur ib. * Sic sic ib. j' 

^ perceliberrimum ib. ^ suggere ib. j 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



257 



yraciam in via, ut demum eternam perducat ad gloriam in patria. 
Daium Oxonie in nostre congi'egacionis domo, septimo die Februarii. 
Humillima et devotissima oratrix vestra Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Testimonial letter for Master Richard Ayschetone, 
Abbot of Peterborough. 

Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1446. 
oervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
inagistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. Quia 
iltissime veritatis conspectui libamina credimus offerre, cum virtutibus 
precellenti fidele peribemus testimonium digne laudis ; Hinc nos super 
laudabili vita et honeste conversacionis fragrancia venerabilis patris 
naagistri Ricardi Ayschetone, sacre theologie doctoris, Abbatis mona- 
sterii de burgo S. Petri, omnes quorum interest cerciorare volentes, has 
nostras per litteras attestamur, quod predicti patris laudabilibus meritis 
et sciencia, per scolasticos labores et studia tanta precessit experiencia, 
iunde odorifera sui nominis fama, quam apud nos in honoris apicem 
pretulerunt virtuose sue accionis preconia, latere non valuit, sed 
sminentem super columpnam erigi digna ceteris se prebuit vitale 
Imitacionis exemplum et populo lucem magnam : adeo quod, quamdiu 
Qniversitatem sua decoraverat presencia, omnium morum matura 
prefulgens gravitate magnum sibi honorem immaculati nominis titulo 
vendicavit. Ne igitur calumpniancium invidia, seu insidiancium hora 
maliciose captata [nomen ^] ejus venerabile alicui possit revocari ^ in 
dubium, eidem venerabili, super laudabili suo statu pariter et honestate 
n dicta Universitate, ut ^ omnibus plenius innotescat, has litteras nostras 
:estimoniales comm.uni nostre Universitatis predicte [sigillo munitas 
ponfecimus] ^. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, mensis 
\Fehruarii die quarto, anno Domi^ii millesimo quadringentesimo quadra- 
[■^esimo sexto. 

Testimonial letter for Master Geoffrey Herford. ^447' 

! Magister Galfridus Herford, doctor sacre theologie, ordinis predica- 
^torum, habuit litteram testimonialem sub forma communi, cum ista 
'clausula speciali ' de complecione laudabili sue regencie ' cnno Domini 
\millesimo quadringentesimo quadragcsimo septimo, vmisis Aprilis die 
\^ndevicesimo. 

I ' nomen omitted in MS. ^ annotari MS. ut omitted in MS. 

1' sigillo mun. conf. ; these three words are wholly omitted in MS. 

S 



258 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



I8l. 

To Master William Waynflete, provost of Eton College 

Fol. 77 a. 

Your kindness and tried affection for us embolden us to ask that you 
will use your powerful influence with the King, to obtain for us possession 
of the books promised in congregation here by word of mouth, and oft 
afterwards to our messengers, before his decease by the Duke of Gloucester 
We are sure the King is naturally disposed to every good work, but by 
your persuasion we doubt not he will be more so. By granting this ou 
prayer you will repay the debt you owe to your mother the University 
which brought you forth into the world of knowledge, nursed you wit 
the most loving care, and fed you with the choicest food of science up 
to mans estate. 

1447. Magistro Willelmo Waynflete, preposito collegii regalis de Eton, 
Universitas studii Oxoniensis. 

Dileccionis vicissitudinem, graciarum acciones et honorem. Tantum. 
nobis animi, tantum fiducie ac spei prestat insignis humanitas et pro-- 
bata dileccio tua, magister carissime, ut non modo propriam opem, 
qua semper egemus, verum insuper, cum res id exigat, generose pro- 1 
bitatis tue curam, studium atque operam apud alios pro nobis eciam in ; 
periculo gratanter impendas. Credimus enim semper tibi ante oculos 
esse quanto tenearis amore in matrem, que te spirituali conceptum 
utere in lucem cognicionis eduxit, et donee in virilis animi robur cres- 
ceres, quo jam excellis, preciosissimis dapibus, indulgentissimo favore, 
omnium scienciarum alimentis enutrivit. Cum igitur plurimum apud 
regiam celsitudinem possis, de quo vehementer omnes congaudemus, \ 
hortamur in Domino, rogamus et obtestamur virtutem tuam, ut tam 
benignissime dominacionis graciam pro nobis interpellare digneris de 
libris obtinendis, quos dudum magnificus ille princeps, dux Gloucestrie, ' 
in nostre congregacionis domo adunatis doctoribus et magistris publica 
voce concessit, et sepenumero postea nunciis nostris privatim, ac paulo 
ante mortem, ut ex fide digna relacione accepimus, eandem dona- 
cionem confirmavit. Alia quoque multa promisit, de quibus tacere 
prestiterit : hoc unum tamen Industrie tue ac fidei, in qUa firmissimam 
spem locavimus, elaborandum commendamus. Nam, etsi nobilissimus 
ille princeps et rex noster graciosissimus a natura fuerit ad omne 
bonum inclinatissimus, non dubitamus tamen quin tuis et aliorum ' 
bonorum suasionibus fiet paracior. Postremo in iis, que ilia ex parte 
dicentur, audienciam digneris impendere creditivam et favorem. Vale ; i' 
et a nobis te diligi constantissime tene. Datum in nostre congregacionis \^ 
domo, 6)'c. ! 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



259 



182. 

To the Marquess of Suffolk ^ 

u- Rygh heigh and myghty and owr fulwyrschipful lord, als entier 1447. 
\. lert as we kan thynk we recommend us humbly to yowr ryght 
l: vyrschipful estat, wt ]?e gostly suffrages of owr prayers ; devoutly 
t )esekyng almyghty God to preserve J^© sam in worschip and prosperite 
onge to endur, for his mercy. And for somuche owr most ^ . . . . 
ind soveryng lord ]3® Kyng late dide wryte to us, he wold schew to 
IS his Universite of Oxon tendre favore wt his goode grace, ffor J^e 
vhuche, w* alle J?® devocions God wil minstre to us, daily we pray 
0 Him diligendy for]^© most noble estate and prosperite of owr sayde 
loverayne lord, ffurthirmor we beseche lowly to yowr highnesse, ])^ 
\t wold be god lord and gracius protectur to us yowr bedmen of J^e 
;ayde Universite of Oxon, and specially for J^e honour of God almyghty 
ind mayntenance of alle cristen fayth, wyrschip of owr sayd Soveryng 
ord, profute of J^i^ realme and tranquillite of the sayd Universite ; 
:ommendyng us 30wr desyride pleseris as to yowr humble bedemen, 
hertly prayth to alle myghty God to have 50 v in his kepyng. 
Wrytyn in semble hows of Oxenford p" xm day of marche. 3owr 
uldevoute oratrice \^ Universite of the study of Oxenford. 

183 I Fol. 77 b. 

The mother may justly expect assistance from her son ; we therefore 
>egyou to give her your aid, by using your influence with the King and 
'thers, that we may be given possession of the books promised by the Duke 
•/ Gloucester, but which were not at that time in his own hatids. 
Master Edmonde, our messenger, is the bearer of our letters to the ■ 
^ing, the Marquess, and others. 

Matris erga filium vetus extat consuetudo, si quid sibi prodesse 1447. 
Met, nec quod ipsa sola adquirere, tunc ipsius maxime postulare 
consilium, quem noverit magis ad eam rem peragendam fore idoneum. 
.^raternitati igitur vestre, quem semper eum, ut gratissimum filium 
Tgamatrem decuit, ad Universitatem nostram animum benevolentis- 
fimum habuisse comperimus, tanquam ad eum, in quo spes non parva 
lostra sita sit, mittimus in presenti ; ut eam, quam in matrem debitis, 
oenevolenciam experiamur. Quoniam itaque matris nostre amator 

^ There is no address to this letter. Probably it was addressed to the Marquess 
'f Suffolk. Cf. Ep. 186. ^ The space of one or two words blank in the MS. 

No address to this letter, but probably it is to Dr. J. Somerset. 

S 2 



26o 



EPTSTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



precipuus, magnificus princeps dominus Humfridus, dux nupei j 
Gloucestrie, cum paucis jam lapsis annis Universitate nostra in convo-!' 
cacione magna doctorum et magistrorum presens esset, libros singulos, 
quos studio dignos arbitratus est, nobis liberaliter donavit per libera- 
eionem certorum librorum, non penes, in aliorum possessione ; et > 
eandem, ut certa relacione accepimus, non longe ejus ante mortem, 
donacionem iterum confirmavit ; fraternitatem obnixe petimus, quatenus i 
penes majestatem regiam, et alibi gratos et benevolos, vestros digneminij 
labores apponere, ut illos libros nobis pia et magnifica principisi. 
largicione donates obtinere possimus. Res enim, ut aiunt, in portu l 
est; si, uti confidimus, cum aliis benevolis ac fautoribus nostris eciam 
favor atque benevolencia vestra non deficiant. Quamobrem et in- ' 
presenciarum transmittimus vobis^ confratrem nostrum, magistrumj'' 
Thomam Edmonde, nuncium nostrum specialem, cum apicibus nostrisj 
ad metuendissimum dominum nostrum regem, dominum Marchionem,": 
ac alios ; cui eciam fidem prebere vestra fraternitas dignetur indubiam ; 
quam diu feliciter Omnipotens conservet incolumem. Datum in nostri\ 
congregacionis domo, octavo die mensis Apr His. Vestra dilectrix et ; 
Qxatrix Universitas Oxonie. 

184. ' 

To the Marquess of Suffolk. 

1447. To ryght hygh and myghty prince, oure most singuler good lord 
and protectour, Marquois'of Suthfolk. 

Ryght hyght and myghty prince, owr most singuler good lord and 
protectour, we recommend us unto ^owr gud lordschip in f»e most 
lowly wyse, thankyng 50W, as hertly as we can or may, for gret and 
graciose confort 56 send to us be owr messinger late beyng 
50W ; and for gret favour and tendirnesse that ^e have had at a 
tyms, and now in special, unto f)® spede of owr maters ; besechyng 
50U of 50wr gude ad and longe continuance in J?® sam ; prayng 50M 
forthirmor to be good lord and special mene unto owr most soveryn^ 
and graciuselord the Kyng; \)^ in als muche as J?® duk of Glowcestre 
now late passid to God, a lytil be for his deth grantyd to owr Uni 
versite of Oxenford all his buks of study, also odyr boks longyng tc 
scole mater, lyk as we be informyd be feyth and credible personys , 
and morover grantyd ]?e sam w* his onne mowgthe, her in a tym 0 
a convocation in our semble howse, be for diverse doctors and maysten f 
and other notable, many mo graduat men beyng in his presance, m \ 

^ nobis et confratrem MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



myght rekever and have theys sayd boks ; J^^ wyche was to us most 
special and singuler tresour ; consaynyng ^ gret wel disposid multi- 
tude of scoLirs and the gret penury of boks ben amang us. And 
we schall pray God hertly for yowr gud & nobil estat : the wyche 
God longe maynteyne yn prosperite and gud helth of soule and body. 
Wryiyn at Oxeiiford in owr semble howse J?*^ viii day of Aprile. 3owr 
poor oratrice, Universite of Oxenford. 

185. 

To Lord Say. Fol. 78 a. 

To the Right noble & oure singuler good lord, the Lord Say, H47- 
Chamberlayn unto oure soveraigne lord the Kynge. 
I Ryght noble and our ryght singler lord, we recommend us un to 
jjowr good lordschip in lowly wyse, wyche Almyghty God preserve 
j& governe longe in welth and prosperite ; Besechyng 50wr benyng 
jfavoure to oure Universite, and J)* ^e lyk to be good menes to owr 
soveryng lord the Kyng for })© buks wyche owr gud lord, \^ duk of 
Gloucestre, be for grawntyd to owr sayd Universite, wan he was last 
in the same Universite, and also, as we be sufficiendy informyd be 
wyrschipful & famous men, a lytyl be for he passyd to God he 
confermyd the same : Gonsideryng, gracius lord, the gret multitud of 
scolers and penury of bokes in sayd Universite, and many of 
yowr nobyl lynage and kynnesmen hav studyed & schal her after in 
ij^e saide Universite, to our gret worschip and profete of al J:)® realm. 
And we schall pray God for yow, for yowr good mediation and in- 
stance un to owr soveryng lor \^ Kyng in the saide mater: wyche 
longe mayntene 50W in good helth of soule & body. Writin at 
Oxon in oure sembly hows^J?'^ vi day of April. 3owr poor oratrice, the 
iUniversite of Oxon. 

186. 

To the Marquess of Suffolk. 

To our ryght gracious and noble lord. Lord William, \^ markis 1447. 
of Suffolk. 

Ryght noble lord, as devotly as we can we commend us unto 
50wr goode lordschipe w* the gostly suffrages of oure prayers ; praying 
AUmyghty God to preserve 50W in welth and prosperite. And for als 
muche ]?t oure soveryng lord \^ Kyng did late wryte to us Y" wold 

^ Or perhaps consoyvyng MS. 



262 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



schew to us and his Universite of Oxinford tendre favouie and his , 
gude grace ; Warfor we prayth God dilygently, and v t all J^e devo- !' 
cions f)* God will ministre to us, for his gud estate & prosperite. 
fforthurmore we beseche 50ur good lordschip to be good lord and 
protectour to us & to our sayd Universite, for J^e good rest and • 
tranquillite of f)© study, to honoure of God, mayntenance of cristyn ■ 
fayth, wyrschip and profet of J^e realme of Engelond. And we and j 
cure successours of J?® say Universite schal pray for 50W for evermor. ; 
Writ at Oxon in oure congregation^ xiiiiday 0/ Marc he. 3owr special | 
oratours, Chancellar proctours regentes & r.on-regentes of the I 
Universite of Oxon. 

Fol. 78 b. To the Archbishop of York. 

1447. Memorandum, quod quinto die Februarii, scripta est httera ad 
dominum Cardinalem, episcopum Eboracensem, sub ista forma. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, magnificencie vestre \ 
humillima recommendacione devote premissa: Apud antiquissimosi' 
probate auctoritatis viros nihil quispiam communi utilitati^. ... • 



Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

Memorandum, quod tercio et vicesimo die Februarii, anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti post conquestum sexto et vicesimo, sigillavimus 
acquietanciam cujusdam annue pensionis octo et sexaginta soHdorum, 
debite Universitati Oxoniensi de Abbate et conventu de Eynesham. 

Memorandum, quod quarto et vicesimo die mensis Februarii, anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum sexto et vicesimo, sigilla- 
vimus acquietanciam cujusdam annue pensionis sex et viginti soH- 
dorum, debite Universitati Oxoniensi de Abbate et conventu de 
Oseney. 

Memorandum, quod undetricesimo die mensis Marcii, anno regni 
regis Henrici sexti post conquestum septimo et vicesimo, sigillate 
fuerunt due acquietancie sigillo communi Universitatis ; una Abbati 
et conventui de Oseney, et alia Abbati et conventui de Enesham, 
pro quibusdam pensionibus annuls per eosdem Universitati dicta 
debitis ; secundum formam prescriptam foHo quintodecimo. 



^ Here the MS, breaks off abruptly. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



263 



187. 

To the Chancellor, Master Kymer. Fol. 79 a. 

TTie successful accomplishjnent of your jowney is a source of thank- 
fulness to us. Master Maningharn has fully described your ejforts, the 
exertion of your interest, your care, ijidustry and anxiety in our behalf 
A trusty messenger will serve our purpose better than a long letter, and 
will express our desires more straightforwardly . Trust him as you 
would ourselves. 

ScRiPTA est littera domino Cancellario, undevicesimo die mensis H47* 
Februarii, sub hac forma. 

Honorificencie vestre debitas reverencias et honores cum humillima 
■ subjeccione filiali. IMagna animi gratulacione felicem transitum 
1 vestrum nostris pro rebus expediendis suscepimus, pater benignissime, 
i quo nostram rempublicam maximis incrementis ad auctum rei palam 
i inteliigimus. Quo etenim pacto apud nos in dies singulos vestrorum 
meritorum cultus augescit vehementer experimur. Accepimus, pro- 
; bissime pater, a confratre nostro, magistro J. Maningham ^, clarissime 
. quanta favoris adminicula, quantos labores, curas, industrias, studia, 
cogitacionesque et omnes animi vires nostris pro negociis bene 
gerendis vestri perbeata et gratissima benignitas apponit : unde vos ^ 
veram et rectam gloriam magni quoque nostri desiderii perdulce 
' solamen haberi feceritis. Quam ob rem ab ymis nostri cordium 
radicibus profluentes graciarum acciones precellenti dignitati vestre 
'. offerimus multiformes. Proinde longis quoniam oracionibus multaque 
circuicione in scriptis ^ uti baud opus est, cum in excipiendis mandatis 
profisiscentis persona* ingenio racione et fidelitate sufficit; igitur quod ^ 
vestri reverencia scitu dignum arbitramur, sine sermonis nostri ex-' 
. cursu, plenius per prefatum magistrum, nostro pro nuncio speciali 
deputatum, significabimus. Cui sinceram fidem, rectam opinionem 

• et firmam credulitatem, velut nobis, in singulis ab eo dicendis ex parte 
nostra conferre dignemini. Quid multa ? Valete et vivite feliciter 
per multas etates, pater optime. Raptim scriptum apud Oxon, in 

\ nostre congregacionis dome, undevicesimo die Februarii, ^'c. Cetus 
. unanimis magistrorum regencium Universitatis Oxonie. IManyngham. 

^ Manigham MS. nos ib. ^ The word in the MS. is scpritis. 

The scribe has made some confusion or omitted something, but his writing is 

• here singularly clear. ^ The MS. appears to have e before vestri. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



I88. 
To the King. 

We have received with all respect your letters requiring us to readmit 
to residence among us Master Morgan Philippe who was banished for 
his great misconduct ; or to show cause why we regard him with such 
disfavour. We would gladly alloiv him to return, if we could do so 
with safety, but his life has been such that his presence was a constant ■ 
peril to our liberties and privileges, which he endeavoured to violate both 
by his own actions and by abetting others. Pious and peaceable masters , 
he has prosecuted upon false charges, and with insolence and contu- ; 
macious conduct refused to submit to the penance we inflicted. In short, \ 
his whole life here has been a continual strife and discord. Such a \ 
wicked and litigious man we deem unfit to reside in a quiet and studious \ 
society^ and indeed neither does the Church nor God himself receive into 
favour a?i impenitent sinner. We have long waited expecting his sub- ' 
Mission, before writing this letter, and we doubt not that you will even 
thank us for what we have done ; for it is certain that if we overlooked • 
his offences many others would be found to imitate him. 

H47' Serenissimo et metuendissimo domino nostro, Domino Henrico, 
Dei gracia Anglie et Francie regi illustrissimo, scriptum est quarto 
die Maii. 

Serenissime et Christianissime princeps, tocius matris nostre ecclesie 
singularissime auctor et protector, subjecciones, honores et gracias i 
cum omni devocione et humillitate. Omnimoda veneracione, ut "■■\ 
equum est, vestre serenitatis binas ' litteras suscepimus, metuendissime i 
princeps, quibus Morganum Philipp, propter magnam imprdbitatem i 
ejus, singularem immodestiam et manifestissimam contumaciam apud ' 
nos, a vestra Universitate Oxoniensi legitime bannitum, nobis in ; 
graciam suscipere atque nobiscum cohabitandi prestare licenciam vestri ^ 
celsitudinem desiderare intelligimus ; aut claram et probabilem vestre 
serenitati racionem ostendere, quare eum favore et gracia minima 
tueremur. Ipsi enimvero t9to mentis affectu, vestre contemplacione 
regie majestatis, commanendi libertatem nobiscum preberemus, si nos 
et Universitatem nostram predictam eo redeunte '-^ futuros incholumes 
putaremus ; verum adeo scelerate sui vitam instituit, quod in pertur- 
bacione pacis et rerum publicarum eversione non modo iniquus consul 
sed precipuus actor erat ; nullam ad perperam agendum habeas 
verecundiam ; laude dignas consuetudines libertates et privilegia, a ' 

^ Or perhaps vivas MS. ^ rediunte ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



265 



vobis et preclarissimis progenitoribus vestris nobis graciose et di- Fol. 79 b. 
vinitus indulta, tanquam communi utilitati nostra acerrimus hostis, 
in sui juramenti non modicam lesionem gnominiose violavit. Pios 
quidem ac innocentes magistros falsis indictamentis nequiter et 
iinjuriose vexavit : que culpa certo apud nos baud vulgaris, neque 

Iactitata est. Salubrem sibi pro commissis noxis solida et matura 
discrecione injunctam penitenciam, nobis, legibus et judiciis nostris 
nuUatenus morem gerens, superbe, arroganter et contumaciter refu- 
itavit. Vitam suam, ut summatim feramus, tarn impudenter actam, 
iniquam, immodestam, ita parari existimamus, ut nihil certo pretensum 
ducat quam jurgium et discordiam. Quare, serenissime et gracio- 
sissime princeps, tarn improbum et litigiosum virum, in quo tantum 
<temeritatis et contumacie est, nulla studiosa et honesta societate com- 
morari dignum arbitramur. Sancta etenim mater ecclesia, cujus vestri 
Universitas antedicta tanquam regulatrix et instructrix suis multi- 
phariis salutaribusque disciplinis extat, impenitentem nusquam recipit 
^ad graciam : nec Deus ipse talem potestatem reliquit in terris nec 
I sibi retinuit, ut impenitentem quemquam absolvat. Unde, metuen- 
dissime princeps, predictum Morganum, sui pro nequiciis merito 
bannitum et nunquam se nobis quoquo modo submittentem, sed in 
jSua pocius iniqua et perversa contumacia indies perseverantem, Christi 
vestigia et sancte matris ecclesie imitantes, ut tenemur, ad graciarn 
habitandi nobiscum, ut solebat, hucusque non duximus acceptandum : 
ac ejus comparenciam et obedienciam quotidie expectantes, usque 
jnunc has litteras nostras vestre celsitudini distulimus offerendas. 
;Quo facto vestri sublimitatem ofFensam fieri non speramus, sed 
plurimas eo magis e vestri magnificencia grates adepturi. Re enim 
vera, clementissime princeps, si his maleficiis indultum fieret, sepe 
jmultos ad maleficenciam alacriores, atque plurimos ejusdem audacie 
futures emulos, paulo post clare ex verisimili intueremur ; quod incli- 
tissimam majestatem vestram magnopere nolle firmiter estimamus. 
Scimus profecto quod benignissima dominacio vestra ad salutem et 
! incholumitatem Universitatis vestre predicte pias semper benevolencie 
jacies ac providentissime consideracionis oculos solet retorquere. Unde 
jsapiencie et serenitati vestre grates eternas et immortales agimus, 
« supplicantes ac devote et humillime implorantes majestatem vestram 
.placido^ vultu et serena fronte has nostre excusacionis htteras susci- 
ipere; que si parum vehementes aut non satis digne prudentissime Fol. 80 a. 
j celsitudini vestre videantur, vestrum tunc judicium quoquomodo 
I faciendum assequemur ; exorantes accuratissime et humillime obse- 
i crantes quod solite benevolencie humanitatisque vestre perseveranciam 

' placito MS. 



266 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



nobis vestra celsitudo concedat, Floreat prospere in multas etatesj 
gloria, virtus et magnificencia vestra, semper victoria et triumphoJ 
Scriptum in nostre coiigregacionis domo, Man die iercio. Vestrii. 
humillimi oratores, Cancellarius cetusque unanimis magistrorum re-* 
gencium et non-regencium vestre Universitatis Oxoniensis. 

189. 

Commemoration of Cardinal Beaufort. - 

The executors 0/ Cardinal Beaufort, in the distribution of money hy\: 
him left for pious works, have given to this University five hundred^ 
marks, for the completion of the new school of theology ; desiring from l 
us, in return for this charitable gift, a spiritual recompense. We ihere-i 
fore, for ourselves and our successors, hereby grant to the said CardinalA 
that he shall be partaker in all prayers and sacrifices of the mass offeredl 
in this University ; and that the anniversary of his death, with mass for 
the repose of his soul, shall be observed every year. Our chaplain also^ 
making his circuit to ask the prayers of the scholars for benefactors, ' 
shall mention the name of the said Cardinal, and likewise in every mass \ 
celebrated by him ; and every graduate, before his sermons on solemn\ 
occasions, shall invite the prayers of the congregation for the saidi 
Cardinal. Moreover, we admit into the number of our benefactors, and 'v 
to a participation in all spiritual recompenses paid to them, the aforesaid^ 
executors of his will. 

1448. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
cetusque magistrorum unanimis in eadem salutem in Eo, qui est 
omnium vera salus. Cum reverendissimus in Christo pater etj 
dominus, dominus Johannes, miseracione divina sacrosancte Romane 
ecclesie tituli Sancte Balbine presbiter cardinalis, Archiepiscopus ' 
Eboracensis ; nobilis et prepotens dominus Edmundus, dux Somersetie 
et marchio Dorsetie ; et alii electi et eximie discrecionis viri, Ricardus, 
Prior prioratus de Wytham in Selwode, Carthusiani ordinis magister ; 
Stephanus Wyltone, Archidiaconus Wyntonie; Ricardus Wallere; 
Willelmus Mareys ; Willelmus Toly, et Willelmus Porte ; simul cum 
eis executores testamenti recolende semper memorie reverendissimi 
in Christo patris et domini, domini Henrici, nuper sacrosancte Romane 
ecclesie tituli Sancti Eusebii presbyteri Cardinalis, vulgariter nun-f 
cupati ^ de Anglia,' Wyntoniensis episcopi, inter communitates, [ 
ecclesias cathedrales, monasteria, piaque loca dicti regni, que devotaf 
circumspectaque largicione bonorum dicti testatoris honoraverunt, ' 
nostram Universitatem antedictam singulari quadam et precipua 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



267 



bonorum disposicioni sue, ut prefertur, commissomm, collacione Fol. 80 b. 
duxerint respiciendum; eidem graciose conferendo quingentas marcas, 
ad complendam edificacionem quarumdam scolarum in ea a nobis 
inceptarum, nunquam nostris propriis verisimiliter consummandarum 
facultatibus ; qua quidem liberalitatis et munificencie gracia erga nos 
j et eandem nostram Universitatem intelligimus prefatos executores 
. usos extitisse, sub obtentu remuneracionis spiritualis, memorato per- 
j petuaque memoria digno reverendissimo patri et domino, domino 
! Henrico Cardinali predicto et ejus anime, per hoc a nobis optinende ; 
Nos, liberalitati munificencie et beneficiis nobis sic, ut prefertur, 
, exhibitis et impensis grata vicissitudine pro viribus respondere cupi- 
entes, prefatorum executorum in hac parte votis et desideriis benevola 
promptitudine non immerito intendendum duximus et annuendum ; 
volentes et concedentes, pro nobis et successoribus nostris, memoratum 
' reverendissimum in Christo patrem et dominum, dominum Henricum, 
Cardinalem Anglie, participem fieri, fore et esse debere oracionum 
, et suffragiorum, ac generaliter omnium et singulorum sacrificiorum 
I spiritualium et pietatis operum in dicta nostra Universitate divine 
t majestatis aspectibus quomodolibet ofierendorum : ac, preter et ultra 
; hoc, concedimus atque promittimus, in fide qua Deo et sancte matri 
ecclesie et Universitati nostre astringimur, quod, absque dolo, fraude, 
decepcione, neghgencia, defectu sive fallacia, nos et successores nostri, 
singuhs annis in perpetuum, solemniter et celebriter observabimus, 
et observabunt, diem anniversarium obitus dicti reverendissimi patris 
et domini, domini Henrici CardinaHs, undecimo die Aprilis, cum missa 
' de requiem,' et exequiis mortuorum die immediate precedente ; nisi 
et quatenus hujusmodi undecimus dies in cessacione magistrorum 
a lectura circa Pascha contigerit ; quo casu promittimus, et, ut supra, 
nos et successores nostros supradictos firmiter obhgamus, quod pre- 
dictum diem anniversarium obitus ipsius reverendissimi patris et' 
domini, domini Henrici CardinaHs, die Martis proximo sequente 
resumpcionem proximam lecture m.agistrorum post octavas Pasche, 
cum missa solemni * de requiem,' et exequiis mortuorum die immediate 
precedente, sic, ut prefertur, observabimus et faciemus observari. 
Necnon quod capellanus Universitatis nostre predicte, in oracionibus 
pro benefactoribus ejusdem Universitatis scolatim dicendis, prefatum 
patrem et dominum, dominum Henricum Cardinalem, singulis annis Fol. 81 a. 
nominatim recommendabit. Et, ultra hoc, idem capellanus Univer- 
sitatis nostre pro tempore existens, in singulis missis suis, infra 
Universitatem dicendis, mensionem sui nominis expressam in certis 
collectis, videlicet * Deus cui proprium ' et aliis perlinentibus, in per- 
petuum faciet specialem. Insuper promittimus, quod quilibct Univer- 



268 EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

sitatis nostre graduatus, amodo predicaturus, in suffragiis consuetis ; 
suorum solempnium sermonum, sui auditorii populum ad devote ' 
supplicandum pro eodem patre et domino, domino Henrieo Cardinali | 
sepedicto, ita specialiter, sicut pro aliquo nostre dicte Universitatis 
benefactore, publice in perpetuum exhortabitur. Ceterum benig- ' 
nissimos et preclaros dominos antedictos, ac alios cum eis prefati 
reverendissimi patris et domini, domini Henrici Cardinalis, testamenti j 
executores, propter eorum beneficenciam nobis, ut predicitur, pie, i 
liberaliter et graciose ostensam, inter precipuos nostre Universitatis I 
benefactores admittimus ; eisdem concedentes, quod omnium sufFra- 
giorum, piorum et bonorum operum quorumcunque, que pro bene- 
factoribus predicte Universitatis in posterum fient, semper participes , 
habebuntur. Unde, ut hec omnia et singula premissa, per nos | 
concessa, a nobis et successoribus nostris inviolabiliter in perpetuum ^ 
observentur, in forma premissa, auctoritate congregacionis regencium j 
et non-regencium nostre Universitatis, ordinavimus et conclusimus, ! 
quod predicte nostre concessionis tenor de verbo in verbum in regis- \ \ 
tris et archivis nostris scribetur et perpetuo remanebit ; et ut statutum ; I 
et pro statuto dicte Universitatis nostre i-nfringibiliter in eternum u 
observabitur. In quorum omnium et singulorum fidem et testimonium j \ 
has litteras nostras indentatas et tripartitas fieri fecimus patentes, | 
quarum due partes ad disposicionem executorum predictorum, et tercia 
vero pars in archivis dicte Universitatis perpetuo remanebunt : necnon 
sigillum commune Universitatis nostre predicte presentibus appo- j 
suimus. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo^ quinto die Marcii. - 

Testimonial letter for Master David Carun. 

1448 LiTTERA testimonialis fratris David Carun ^5 doctoris in- sacra \ 
theologia, qui suam regenciam in eadem facultate in Universitate ista , 
exercuit laudabiliter et complevit, sigillata erat in domo congregacionis, 1 . 
sub communi forma, anno Domini millesiw.o quadringentesimo quad- 1 \ 
ragesimo octavo, vicesimo primo die Junii. 

. 190. 

Fol. 8ib. To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Frequent experience proves how great is your goodness to us, and ' 
readiness to maintain our peace, honour, and advantage. We run to 
you therefore in every difficulty. One Master Thomas Chapleyn is ' 
prosecuted in your court in a certain case respecting a mortuary fee. 

^ Or Carum MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



269 



This is a clear violaiiofi 0/ that privilege whereby it is provided that no 
spiritual cause, terminable withi?i the University, shall be taken to any 
court outside the same. And if it were permitted in the present instance, 
ike case 0/ Master Chapleyn would hereafter be drawn into a precedent, 
and the authority of our Chancellor wholly destroyed. We pray you 
' therefore to remit the cause to us for trial here. 

ScRiPTA erat hec littera domino Cantuariensi pro non trahendo 1448. 
; causam ad extra. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et graciose domine, vestre benig- 
: nissime paternitati humillima recommendacione cum obediencia filiali 

* devote premissa. Palam nos docet frequens experiencia — quam^ pro 
nostre Universitatis quietis, honoris et [studii ^] commodi supportacione 
vestra sepenumero prenobilis benignitas graciose impendit — preclare 
mentis vestre bonam afFeccionem erga nos et nostram rempublicam 
perdiu extitisse ; unde humillimas quas valemus graciarum acciones 
graciose dominacioni vestre cum prostrate spiritu duximus im- 
molandas. Cum etenim in perturbacionibus aut incommodis 

I nostra jaceat respublica, ad reverendissimam paternitatem vestram, 
\ ceu ad speratissimum nostre Universitatis patronum, nobis pro suc- 
! cursu celeriter itum est. Speramus atqui, adversum singulas ^ fortuitas 
querelas vel affectatas insidias, nos generosam magnanimitatem ves- 
tram, ne quod predicte Universitati male valetudini sit, precipue 
i defensuram : cum revera nemo ex omni etate superest, cui in con- 
: servacione nostre reipublice confirmaciorem spem aut cerciorem fidem 
; geramus. Modo, singularissime domine, ad venerabilis curie vestre 
! audienciam quidam * magister, Thomas Chapleyn, arcium magister 
\ dicteque Universitatis regens necessarius, super quadam pretensa 
! causa mortuarii respondenda accersitur. Quod profecto baud parve 
in nostrorum^ privilegiorum libertatum et laude-dignarum consue- - 
I tudinum dispendia verteretur ; cum sane virtute eorumdem nulla 
\ spiritualis causa, infra Universitatem terminabilis, ad forinsecum 
judicium attrahenda sit ; nisi prius, secundum prefate Universitatis 
\ jura, ad intra fuerit judicialiter ventulata. Que equidem privilegia 
' libertates et digne consuetudines vestram dominacionem claro memi- 
nisse existimamus. Si enimvero huic rei locum prebere fas est, equali 
' jure cuicumque pari cedendum foret ; quo pacto tota Cancellarii 
' nostri potestas in causis ab eo audiendis facile frustraretur. Igitur, 
I reverendissime pater, cum prefata causa infra Universitatem nostram 

• ^ This clause apparently is misplaced and should be transposed with that which 
! follows it. 2 studii dotted below the line as redundant, MS. ^ A word here 
' is illegible. ' cuidam MS. in nostrorum repeated in MS. 



270 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



hucusque in judicio nullatenus versata fuerit, ad benignissimam domi 
nacionem vestram confugientes, obsecramus unanimiter et devott 
quatenus equitate et justicia, quibus vestra semper nobilitas clar; 
est, nostra privilegia, libertates et consuetudines laudabiles graciosi 
conservando, ipsam causam ad dictam Universitatem nostram vestr; ' 
benignissima paternitas remittere dignetur, ibi coram Cancellari( 
nostro finaliter terminandam. Quam in multas etates, ad nostri 
munimina et solamina, preservet incolumem Auctor et Princeps eteriKi 
equitatis et justicie Deus. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis domo\\ 
secundo die Novemhris. Reverendissime paternitatis vestre humillim j 
oratores, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimisi 
magistrorum regencium in eadem. Manyngham. 

Fol. 82 a. jgj 1 

In our great difficulties we send Master Henry Meoles, our proctor \ 
who will explain our circumstances, and we beg you to take such effectuan\ 
measures for our welfare as shall seem expedient. '\ . 

1448. HoNORABiLis domine, debita salutacione premissa. Scimus pro-j' 
fecto vestram maturitatem nostris in rebus promovendis habundantei 
facere posse quod nos non unquam, aut multo absque sudore, per- ' 
ficere non valemus. Multis igitur difficultatibus circumventi ad vestri. 
probitatem dilectum nobis in Christo confratrem, magistrum Henricumf 
Meoles, Universitatis nostre procuratorem, mittimus pro succursu: , 
cui res et vota nostra vestre circumspeccioni singula dedimus ex-\ 
plicare. Accuratissime vestri prestanciam deprecantes, quatenus ea, 
que vobis ex parte Universitatis nostre et communi studencium utilitate 
aperire debet, sicut nos et nostra respublica vobis cordi sumus, , 
effectualiter dignemini expedire. Qua in re, ut speramus, Christo 
gratissimum ^ et nobis precipue amacionis et eterne memorie signumi 
facietis. Atque pro vobis quodcunque officium, cum ad hoc inter- 
pellati fuerimus, pro viribus exsequemur. Valete, et vivite feliciter 
per multas etates nostri memor. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis 
domo, vicesimo tercio die Marcii. 

^ There is no address to this letter, ^ gratissimam MS. ■ 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



271 



192. 

To all dignitaries of the Church, nobles, and discreet 
persons generally of the dioceses of Lincoln, Coventry, 
and Lichfield. 

Be it hereby known that we have appointed Masters John Moderay 
and Richard Osburiie, jointly and severally, to be our agents and special 
messengers, and we beg that you will, each and all, kindly receive and 
assist them ifi transacting the business they have in charge ; and be sure 
we shall be ready, on occasion, to requite your good offices. 

Venerabilibus nobilibus et discretis viris Lincolniensis, Coventrensis 1449. 
et Lichfeldensis diocesium, presentes litteras visuris vel audituris, 
Gilbertus Kymere, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Sal- 
vatore. Noverit universitas vestra nos, de fidelitatibus, prudencia et 
"circumspeccione dilectorum nobis in Christo, magistri Johannis 
< Moderay et Ricardi Osburne, fiduciam in Domino gerentes pleniorem, 
iin singulis negociis nostris in dictis diocesibus promovendis, eis con- 
.junctim et divisim committimus vices nostras et plenam in Domino 
ipotestatem ; ipsosque magistrum Johannem et Ricardum, ac quemlibet 
eorum per se et in solidum, nos in premissis et premissa tangentibus 
procuratores, actores, factores, negociorum nostrorum gestores, ac 
Inuncios speciales deputamus, facimus et constituimus per presentes. 
;Memoratos igitur nuncios nostros probitatibus et circumspeccionibus 
jvestris, ac vestrum cuilibet, pleno recommendamus affectu : attente 
Irogantes quatenus ipsos, ob contemplacionem et reverenciam dicte 
! Universitatis, et benigniter acceptare ac eis in nostris negociis per- 
jagendis fidem indubiam, opem, industriam et favorem feliciter ad- 
hibentes, eosdem, quantum poteritis, dignemini expedire. Quo facto 
rem vobis meritoriam et nobis gratissimam facietis ; scientes firmiter 
quod nos ad referendum vicissitudinem, cum ad hoc interpellati 
jfuerimus, studiose et diligenter pares esse curabimus. In cujus rei 
! testimonium has litteras communi dicte Universitatis sigillo fecimus 
jconsignari. Datum Oxonie quarto die Aprilis, anno Domini ??iillesi?no 
quadringentesimo quadragesimo nono. 

■ 193- 

j To the Pope. Fol. 8a b. 

\ In commendation of Master William Bahyngtone, Abbot of Bury 
\ S. Edmunds, president of the Benedictine order in Engla7id and proctor 
' of our lord the King in the Roman curia ; a grave and learned man. 



272 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



whose life at Oxford was an example to all ; who, after many year\ \ 
spent in lecturing on Canon Law, received the degree of doctor in i}}} 
sa?ne ; and whose promotion to the dignity he now enjoys is a specie 
instance of divine providence. 

1449. Sanctissimo in Christo patri et domino nostro. Domino Nicholadl 
divina providencia sacrosancte Romane et universalis ecclesie summ 1 
pontifici. j 
Sanctissime et beatissime pater, humillima recommendacione filial 
premissa cum devotissimis terre osculis ante pedes ^ Quoniam apu-i! 
sanctitatem vestram, clementissime pater, viros sciencia et virtutibur 
ornatos uberiorem graciam ac liberaliorem beneficenciam beatitudinifc 
vestre consecutos esse perspicimus, pro tali viro, qui vita integrsij'. 
multis itemque litterarum ornamentis, honoris, fortune et ingenii*' 
preditus est, scribere non veremur* Nos itaque, cognoscentes re 
ligiosam et honestam conversacionem, sciencie et prudencie indu« 
triam, ac aliarum plurimarum virtutum ^, et morum probitatem, quibu 
preclarus et egregius vir, magister Willelmus Babyngtone, decretoruni, 
doctor, Abbas monasterii Beati Edmundi de Bury, ordinis S. Benedict;' 
dictique ordinis presidens in Anglia principalis, et serenissimi principii 
et domini nostri, Anglie Francieque regis, modo in sacratissima curi^l 
vestra Rome, ut ex fide-dignissimis viris accepimus, procurator, cuni 
in Universitate nostra studio assideret se commendabilem prestitit 
harum virtutum suarum meritis adducti, statuimus eundem magistrun; 
Willelmum, gravem sane et eruditum hominem, vestre sanctitati 
clemencie commendare. Plane cum in dicta Universitate nostr: 
paullo ante facultati sacre canonis * operam dederit, adeo studios 
vitam nobiscum transegit, cunctis ad capessendum virtutis et scienci 
viam spectaculum exhibendo, quod in dicta facultate apud nos i) ■ 
Universitate nostra ad preeminenciam doctoralem ingenti honor 
provehi meritus erat. Qui simulac scolas dicte facultatis, ad plure^ 
annos multa industria ac sollerti et continua leccione, rexisset, pr 
tam religiosa ac integra conversacione sua, eximiaque virtute i: 
sciencia atque in gubernandis et conciHandis populis, elevato ingeni' 
ac probatissima pohcia, ipsum non solum abs suis confratribus optim 
meritum, sed eciam divinl quadam sorte in caput et rectorem dici 
monasterii assumptum esse existimamus. Quare, devotissime patei 
cum ipsum virtus, sciencia et sapiencia sic commendent, vestrar 
sanctitatem vehementer obsecramus, quatenus erga beatitudiner 

^ Here follow six lines which have been erased so as to be illegible ; and i 
the foot of the folio occur these words, ^ et constat mihi notario de cancellacior; \ 
multarum linearitm in principio htLjus littered ^ ingenio MS. ^ ali'- 

plur. virtutes ? * cononis MS. 



I EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 273 

vestram nostra humillima et accuratissima deprecacione liberaliorem 
beneficenciam, uberiorem graciam et propensiorem favorem conse- 
1 quatur. Postremo, clemenlissime pater, injunctum nobis abs sanc- 
tissima paternitate vestra quodcunque officium est, pro vestra felicitate 
et gloria seu alio quocunque faciendum, illud ut obsequentissimi filii 
j promptissimis gaudentissimisque animis pro viribus exsequemur. Et 
! vestram sanctitatem, ad universalis ecclesie solamen et percelebre 
j regimen, in longiora tempora gubernet prosperamque semper con- 
j servet Altissimus. Scriphim Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, 
^sexio die Aprilis. Sua humillima ac devotissima Universitas studii 
) Oxoniensis. 

194 \ 

The successful issue of your labours for us is a subject of greal Tol. 8^^' 
j thankfulness ; and, having no power to repay you, we pray that God 
\ will reward your good deeds. We are most grateful also to the King 
\for the assistance he has given us in furnishing and ornamenting the 
! new school, 

Prestantissime magister, debite salutacionis honore premisso. 1449* 
iQuod inter frequentes sollicitudines et studia vestra res nobis opta- 
jtissimas promptissimo animo et amicissimo vultu ad vota duxeritis 
jpergratum certe nobis est, et vos inde gratissimum habemus. Quanta 
letenim ex ea re dulcedine et leticia affecti sumus satis profecto non 
possumus dicendo explicare. Etenim vero cum memoria repetamus 
optima in nos merita vestra ac singularem benevolenciam, magni 
animi gratitudinem et precipuum amorem quos erga nos geritis, 
jtantum immense probitati vestre nos debere planum visum est, 
i quantum certe nobis persolvere difiicillimum erit. Verum cum mutuam 
, vicissitudinem rependere virium tenuitas baud permittit, Deum, 
.equissimum premiatorem, dignam vobis mercedem tribuere duximus 
jexorandum. Ceterum eximie gratitudinis et benevolencie vestre tam 
.jucundam tam honestam et probabilem memoriam in eternum ser- 
jvabimus, constantem amiciciam vestram pariter ^ nobis exhibendam 
jSummopere cupientes. Interea benignissimo domino et principi 
*nostro pro suo benevolo piissimoque affectu, quem penes Univer- 
.sitatem suam, matrem nostram, habere consueverat, potissimum tamen 
ob sue liberalitatis immortale beneficium, quod nuper usui et orna- 
mento scolarum nostrarum beatissime contulit, dignas grates pro 

I ^ No address to this letter ; probably letter 191 is addressed to the same person, 
I Perhaps the business in question was only to beg the King to give some timber or 
ilend some workmen. ^ pariteriier MS. 

T 



Il 
I 

I' 

274 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

viribus in perpetuum exhibere decrevimus. Cujus perpetuum honorenj' 
eternam laudem pro tarn divino presidio cuncta ora nostra, cuncti' 
eloquia celebrabunt. Postremo tarn celso et clementissimo princiji 
gloriosam hie et tranquillam vitam dari, in celo autem sempiternal! 
delectaciones adjungi, pro tarn amplissimis erga nos meritis sun 
vehementer afficimus ; pro quo Deum omnium Regem accuratissim 
deprecamur. Valete et vivite feliciter nostris, ut soletis, memo 
Scriptum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, decimo octavo d\\ 
Aprilis. Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimiij 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem, &c. 

195 a \ 

Fol. 84 a. Summons of Master John Arundall. 

In the discharge of our duties we have examined the accounts of th 
chests ; and find that, in the case of the Lang tone chest, there is a larg\ 
deficit. We have therefore determined to summon those responsible / 1 
appear before us in S. Mary's church, and render due account ; andyor\ , 
are hereby summoned accordingly ; but if you are unable to attend z'/j ! 
person, we shall be satisfied by your appointing a proper proxy. 

1449' Percelebri viro magistro Johanni Arundall, egregio medicinarun 
doctori nostroque confratri precarissimo. 

Dileccionis vicissitudinem, felices successus et honorem. Qui^^ 
jamdudum, celeberrime magister, inter ceteras occupaciones et studi; 
nostra, singulis alme Universitatis nostre cistis singular! industria ai , 
sollerti deliberacione nostra circumspectis, cuidam ciste de Langton<| 
per sinistram custodiam ejusdem plurima emersisse detrimenta com ' 
perimus; ad cujus tutelam et reformacionem operam vigilancioren ^ 
impendentes, singulos, quorum interest in hac parte, tercio decimo dis 
Junii proximo post datum presencium futuro, coram nobis in ecclesii 
Beate Marie Oxonie, debita inde ratiocinia reddituros decrevimui 
accersiri ; Et quia dicta cista, tempore quo vestri maturitas curan 
ejus et custodiam subierat, multa dispendia, graves injurias et varij 
discriminum genera pertulit ; igitur circumspeccionem vestram, — quan 
sincera affeccione complectimur, sano consilio suademus et exhor 
tamur, atque virtute juramenti a vobis Universitati prestiti, — prime 
secundo et tercio peremptorie monemus, quatenus, prelibatis die e 
loco, ad dictam Universitatem nostram, nobis super certis articuli: 

1 There are two letters numbered the one 195 a, the other 195 b, in the MSj 
The intervening * summons ' is not numbered. ' 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



275 



I custodian! memorate ciste concernentibus, vestra benignitas se con- 
jferat, responsumm ulteriusque ibidem facturum et recepturum quod 
jracio et justicia discucient in predictis. Si vero honesta impedimenta 
iintervenerint, satis ad vota nobis erit ut verum et legitimum pro- 
Icuratorem, qui vestram in premissis vicem gerat, destinare curetis. 
|Quod, si, uti pro officio vos decet, studueritis adimplere, rem sane 
ivobis perutilem et nobis gratam facietis; at vestre commoditati, 
^quantum cum equitate et justicia valebimus, curabimus providere. 
iQuid plura? Valete et feliciter vivite, hujus precipue negocii ac 
jnostrum sedule memor. Ex Universitate Oxoniensi sepiimo decimo 
\die Mail. Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis 
■magistrorum regencium in eadem. 
I 

I Summons of Master William Wytham, as executor of 
I Master John Lord. 

Percelebri viro, magistro Willelmo Wytham, egregio legum doctori 1449. 
'nostroque confratri precarissimo. 

Honores in scripto et meliores in voto &c., usque ad istam clausulam 
que sequiiur, scilicet ' Et quia dicta cista tempore quo magister 
Johannes Lord curam ejus et custodiam subierat, multa dispendia, 
jgraves injurias et varia discriminum genera pertulit/ cujus executorem 
jet bonorum administratorem vestram prestanciam esse fide digna rela- 
jcione accepimus : Igitur circumspeccionem &c., usque ad ' Ulterius- 
que ibidem/ nomine dicti testatoris, facturum et recepturum &c., 
julterius, usque ad finem liitere, ut supra in proxima littera precedente 
kr totum. Cancellarius, &c. 

195 b. 

To the Rector of Abchurch, London. Fol. 84 b. 

Having heard how you consider the poor and needy in distribuiiftg the 
'State of Master Gedney, and also that you are disposed to regard us with 
^enevolence, we affectionately entreat you, dear brother, to grant to us, for 
\(he building of the new theological schools, a suitable portion of the 
*)roperty of the deceased. We thank you for your good will, reported to 
'IS by Master Cowper, and beg you to give a favourable ear to his state- 
ments . 

Venerabili et circumspecto viro, Rectori de Apchyrcli in Londonia, 1449. 
iiostroque amico confidentissimo. 

I Venerabilis domine, debita salutacione premissa. E multis, claris- 
jiime, accepimus quomodo quadam bonorum disposicione cujusdam 

I T 2 

I 



276 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE 



venerabilis viri, nominati Gedeney, nuper elapsi — cujus anima in ce | 
habitet — vestra famosa probitas in pauperes digne respicit, et plu l 
pietatis opera cariLatis intuitu complexatur. Nos equidem in quoda.' 
theologicarum scolarum edificio sub penuria laborantes, tarn clarui 
et pulcerrimum opus absque multis proborum hominum adjumenv 
perficere non valemus ; quocirca, carissime frater, vestram benigr il 
tatem affectuose rogamus, quatenus, ad tarn sacri, tam utilis lamqi(, 
necessarii operis complementum, competentem largicionem ex bori; 
dicti Gegdeney nobis erogandam, amore erga nos simul et carita l 
accensi, graciose dignemini providere. Tenemus firmiter certissimeqi ' 
speramus banc supplicem peticionem nostram, que caritati conson 
et universalem studencium utilitatem intuetur, a tam liberali devocio) ' 
vacuam non redire : presertim cum, inter cetera pietatis officia, illi \ 
precipue laude dignum arbitramur, quod ad ortodoxe fidei sciencieqi. 
incrementum principalius se extendit. Ceterum pro benevolo pioqr 
affectu, quem erga nos vestri sinceritas gerit in premissis, sicut ^ < 
relacione magistri Roberti Cowper presencium latoris plane didiscimii 
pergrate amicicie vestre ab imis nostri cordium radicibus profluent 
graciarum acciones offerimus'^ multiformes : attente rogantes, quateni 
predicto magistro Roberto fidem indubiam, opem et favorem in prj 
senti negocio feliciter adhibentes, ipsum, quantum poteritis, dignemi'i 
expedire. Valete, et multis annis vivite nostri memor. Scriptu ^ 
Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo quarto die Maii.. Ca: 
cellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetuRque unanimis magistroru m 
regencium in eadem. Manyngham. ' 

196. 

To Master Thomas Lesurs, Dean of S. Paul's. 

We affectionately invite you to remember the subject of our previo 
letter to you. The prayer thereof proceeded from the confidence we _/ 
in you, which we trust will not prove to be vain. Whatsoever sum y 
may be disposed to grant us^ for the beautiful building now in progrt 
here, from the estate of Walter Shirryntone deceased, you may soft 
entrust to Master Robert Cowper the bearer of these presents. 

1449. Percelebri viro magistro Thome Lesurs^, ecclesie cathedra 
S. Pauli decano, nostroque confratre precarissimo. 

Honorabilis domine, debite salutacionis honore premisso. Qu 
superiores littere nostre peticiones continebant memoracioni vest 
pleno recommendamus affectu ; vestri probitatem caritatis atq 
^ sicud MS. ^ offerrimus ib. ^ See folio 5 supra. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 277 

amoris intuitu attente et obnixe rogantes, quatenus, sicut ex maxima 
fiducia scribencium processerunt, ita apud sinceritatem vestram efficaces 
\ et favorabiles habeantur ; ne nostra desideria firmissima sua spe deci- 
! dant, aut sua votiva priventur affeccione : quod sane vos, pro eximia 
I virtute vestra et preclara amicicia, qua vestri benignitatem nos amplecti 
existimamus, non tarn nostra supplicacione quam vestra spontanea 
'mente credimus peracturum. Quo facto precipue dileccionis vestre 
Icertissimum indicium et benevolenciam, que erga nos geritis, efficaciter 
! ostendetis. Proinde quodcunque ex facultatibus bone memorie domini 
iWalteri Shirryntone, ad tam speciosi et pulcherrimi operis nostri in 
'complementum, immense probitati vestre nobis providere visum est, 
'illud per magistrum Robertum Cowper, carum nobis in Christo pre- 
|sencium latorem, ac probate fidei et examinate virtutis hominem, vestra 
'dignetur prestancia destinare. Postremo vobis felicia auspicia, se- 
icundam valetudinem et nostre amicicie memoriam superesse vehe- 
jmenter afficimus. Ex Universitate Oxoniensi, quam raptim, vicesimo 
\qmrto die Man. Cancellarius Universitatis, ut supra. 



197. 

To the executors of John Gedney. Fol. 85 a. 

• To )?e worshypfull and our ryght wellebeloved in God Jt^ executours i449« 
of Jhon Gedeney. 

Gretyng in Gode f e gostly suffrage of our prayers : fforasmoche 
ye have goods in yo^ disposicion, as hitt es sayde, of a worshipfull 
jinan of London called Gedeney, late passyd oute of thys world, — off 
whoys soule our Lord have mercy, — and, as hitt is nott unkanne, we 
have hade of long tyme a grete beldynge, certain scoles, withinne our • 
jUniversite off Oxenford, named J?© scoles off devinite, whych we 
;may nott complysshe w^ outt grete helpe & releve of oder devote 
persons ; Wherfor we desyre and pray yow affectuosly, havyng respect 
i& considerasicn to thys premisses, j^^ ye woll, at reverence of 
jGode and our meke prayers, shew gracyeuxly your special favour & 
•benevolence to us, in grauntyng us some resonable gyfte off goods of 
jt?® sayde Gedeney, unto performyng off our scoles abovesayd: 
Twherinne ye shall do a ffull meritory thynge, & deserve of our Lord 
God a full singler thanke and plesur ; and cause us allso for to be 
iperpetuall oratours for yow & for soule of hym beforsayde : Trustyng 
iverely this our peticion, J^e whych concernyth |?e commen profett of 
sayde Universite, special increse of vertous connyng & stodye, and 
\^ edyficacion of crystenmen fath, shall not comme voyde a yene from 



278 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



your godenesse: besekyng yow furthermor to gyffe credens to o\i 
welbeloved maister Rob^^ Cowper, berer of thys same, in all Jjt \ \ 
shall mynistre to yow in thys partie off our be halve. And all mygh 
Lord preserve yow evermor in welyth & prosperyte to your lyv{ 
hend. 

Wrytt at Oxonford the xxiiii day 0^ Man. Be the Chancell* 
proctours and regents of Universite off Oxonford. 

Fol.85b. ig8\ 

From daily experience we know your great affection for this University 
and pray that God will reward you for we are unable to do so. We a. 
now in great difficulties, and send Master fohn Fitzjames^ as oi\ 
accredited messenger, with instructions to explain everything to you, a:t\ 
pray you to place implicit trust in his statements and give a favour at 
answer to our petition. 

1449' Reverendissime in Christo pater et graciose domine, benignissini 
dominacioni vestre humillima recommendacione et obediencia filij; 
devote premissis : E probatissimis experimentis ac fama nunciant 
que ad nos indies gratissima circumfertur, plane novimus ingentissimu 
erga nos animi vestri affectum, vestram quoque dominacionem sii 
ceram Universitatis nostre caritatem pre se ferre. Unde pro ta 
constanti in nos fide et benevolencia vestra, cum opes nostre ban 
fuerint persolvere dignas grates, Deum potissimum premiatore 
copiosam vobis mercedem tribuere sedulo duximus exorandum. Isti 
reverendissime paternitati vestre sciendum cupientes, quod tam e? 
tenues duntaxat nobis facultates supersint, vobis tamen proxime acc 
dimus amplissima voluntate. Nunc vero, singularissime domine, mul' ' 
necessitatibus circumventi dilectum nobis in Christo Johannem ffyt ' 
jamys5capellanum nostre Universitatis, scolaremet indubitatum nunciu | 
nostrum, ad vestram benignissimam dominacionem, sicut ad sperat: 
simum nostre Universitatis patronum, mittimus pro succursu. C 
res et vota nostra eximie dignitati vestre curam dedimus explicanc 
accuratissime humillimeque precantes humanissimam dominacioner 
vestram, quatenus memorato nuncio nostro in nostris referenc; 
negociis fidem indubiam cum favore feliciter adhibentes, veluti nostra ' 
rempublicam in futuro salvam et incolumem vestra excellencia obk 
tarit, nostre supplicacionis intuitu quam citissime dignemini just- 
peticiones nostras efificaciter expedire. Qua in re magnum benev| 
lencie et humanitatis exemplar nobis prestabit insignis dominac 

* No address. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



279 



vestra ; que in mulias etates superstes maneat nosiri memor. De 
Oxorn'a, quavi rapiim, in nostre congrtgacionis domo, I'kesimo sexto die 
Octohris. Reverendissime patemitatis vestre humillimi oratores 
Cancellarius Universitads Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
regenciiim in eadera. 

Indenture of agreement between the University and Fol. 86 a. 
Master Richard Broun cili^s Cordone -. 

I Master Richard Browi, alias Cordorie, having presented sundry hooks 
to the library of the University. The Chancellor, proctors and masters 
hereby under take, for themselves and their successors , thai the said Master 
Broun shall he allowed to use the hooks during his life ; and that they 
shall he delivered to any authorized person sent hy him for that purpose. 
Bis name shall he menticmed, in the masses and other prayers loth for 
the dead and the living, among other benefactors. 

Hec indentura, facta inter magistrum Gilbertum K}-mer. Cancellarium 1449. 
Universitatis OxoniensiS; et magisiros Johannem Wode et Willelmum 
Danyelj procuratores dicte Universitatis, cetumque imanimem magistro- 
I mm regencium in eadem ex pane una. et magistrum Ricardum Broun, 
1 aUas Cordone, legum doctorem, ex parte altera, testauir, quod predictus 
1 magister Ricardus concessit, tradidit et libere dedit prefatis magistris 
! Gilberto, Cancellario, et Johanni ac Willelmo, procuratoribus, cetuique 
! mianimi magistrorum regencium in dicta Universitate, ac successoribus 
i suis Cancellario et procuratoribus cetibusque unanimibus magistrorum 
j regencium in prefata Universitate, ad usum, videlicet, communis 
I librarie predicte Universiiaris, hos libros inferius nominaros, Lecturarum 
I domini Bartholi de Saxo Ferrato/ in papiro scriptos et in tabulis Kgatos, 
i in sex roluminibus, Super corpore juris civllis, Bartholum, -videlicet, 
' super ff. veteri, in duobus voluminibus ; secundo folio primi voluminis- 
; et prime partis, in dicto ff. veteri, ' tribu ubi mercator ' ; secundo folio 
t secimdi voluminis et secunde partis, super fif. veteri, ' ex te enim non 
' exfraneum ' : super flf. novo, in duobus voluminibus ; secundo folio 
I prime partis primi voluminis ' sed quare appellatur ' ; secundo folio 
secunde partis et secundi voluminis ejusdem *' inspectis ideo per te.' Et 

• super ff. inforciati, secundo folio prime partis sive voluminis, * servi 

• annuunt' ; secundo folio secunde partis et secundi voluminis, super 

j * A later hand -wTites on the margin, * cuj'us testamcntum valdc Icngum extat in 
j Aaa^ i. e. in the * Acta Curiae Cancellarii', from which MS. it has been extracted 
. and published in Munimenta Academia (Rolls Series). ^ The words 'sed 

' quart appellatur ' follow voluminis' but are crossed out in the MS. by a con- 
temporary hand. 



28o 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



eodem, ^in alio secundum quosdam! Item, 'Super codice,' in unt 
volumine, secundo folio '-/m et pacificum siatum! Habendum e| 
tenendum omnes predictos libros predictis magistris Gilbert© Kymeit 
Cancellario, et Johanni Wode et Willelmo Danyel, procuratoribus* 
cetuique unanimi magistrorum regencium in Universitate predicta, a( 
successoribus suis Cancellariis, procuratoribus, cetibusque magistroruns 
regencium ejusdem Universitatis, ad usum communis librarie predicte; 
ut dictum est ; ad cleri et populi, juxta statuta ejusdem Universitatis i 
confluencium instruccionem et informacionem perpetuam. Predict 
tamen magistri, Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius, Johannes Wode ej 
Willelmus Danyel, procuratores dicta Universitatis cetusque unanimisi 
magistrorum regencium in eadem, volunt et concedunt, pro se el 'I 
successoribus suis, Cancellariis, procuratoribus, cetibusque magis- \ 
trorum regencium unanimibus dicte Universitatis, quod idem magistei 
Ricardus Broun, alias Cordone, habeat usum omnium predictorum 
librorum per totam vitam suam, sine clameo ipsorum aut aliquorum 
suorum successorum, Cancellariorum aut procuratorum cetuumvei, 
magistrorum regencium. Eciam, si apud ipsos sint, vel in libraria 
predicta, quod ad ejus peticionem, sive nuncii nomine suo venientis,-^ 
deliberentur eidem ; ut usum eorum habeat quamdiu in hac vita,y 
ubicumque fuerit, permaneat : quodque in missis et aliis suffragiis, per; 
ipsam Universitatem aut dicte communis librarie custodes, sacerdotes!^ 
seu alios, pro anima dicti magistri Ricardi mencio inter vivos et 
defunctos habeatur, prout pro ipsius Universitatis benefactoribus fieri < 
consuevit. In cujus rei testimonium uni parti hujus indenture, penes^ 
predictos Cancellarium et procuratores in cista quatuor clavium dicte 
Universitatis remanentis, antedictus magister Ricardus Broun, alias 
Cordone, sigillum suum apposuit ; alteri vero parti ejusdem indenture, ' 
penes eundem magistrum Ricardum Broun, alias Cordone, residentis, 
predicti magistri Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius, Johannes Wode et 
Willelmus Danyel, procuratores dicte Universitatis cetusque unanimisi 
magistrorum regencium in eadem sigillum Universitatis predicte apponi ' 
fecerunt. Datum Oxonie in domo congregacionis Universitatis predicte^ 
decimo die Novembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadra- 
gesimo nana. , 



1449. Secundo die Decembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quadragesimo nono, sigillata erat acquietancia sub forma que sequitur. r 
Pateat universis per presentes, nos, magistros Johannem Wode et 
Willelmum Danyel, procuratores Universitatis Oxoniensis, recepisse . 
de religiosis viris Abbate et conventu monasterii de Eynesham Lincolni- 1 



Fol. 86 b. 



Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



281 



ensis diocesis, vice et nomine Universitatis predicte, viginti sex solidos, 
pro parte cujusdam annue pensionis trium librarum et octo solidorum 
dicte Universitati, videlicet, pro termino Omnium Sanctorum proximo 

I ante datum presencium, debitos : De quibus viginti sex solidis, in 
partem solucionis annue pensionis predicte, fatemur nos fore solutos ; 
et inde predictos religiosos viros acquietamus per presentes. In cujus 
rei testimonium sigillum commune Universitatis predicte presentibus 

j est appensum. Datum in domo congregacionis Umversiiatis pre/ate^ 

] secundo die Decembris, aimo regni regis Henrici sexH post conquestum 

i vicesimo octavo. 

199. 

To one of the executors of the late Bishop of Chichester. 

As weapons to the soldier so are books to us, who fight for the 
Church against heretics. We beg you, therefore^ since you have the dis- 
\ position 0/ his effects, to grant us a handsome donation 0/ the books of the 
\ late Bishop of Chichester ; who, as we learn from those who were 
\ intimate with him, always intended to give them to us : or, if that may 
not he, we hope you will make us some other present of conspicuous value. 

VoTivos honores ac ea ^ perpetuo feliciter adimplere, que ad celebres 1449. 

justicie laudes pertinent et glorie militaris. Sicuti pugnaturis militibus 
\ arma tuciora adversus hostium impetus necessarium dinoscitur, ita 

nobis indubie, qui Christiane fidei professores et peculiares alumpni 
\ sumus, contra hereticorum insultus atque pro solidiori militantis ecclesie 

confirmacione, opere precium est sanorum librorum multitudine com- 

muniri. Sed cum reverendus in Christo pater et dominus, nuper 
' Cicestrensis episcopus, — cujus spiritus in celis habitet, — dum hoc 

labente seculo fretus erat, dignam nobis et felicem suorum librorum • 
I donacionem, uti bone fidei homines familiares sui plenissime retulerunt, 

* ad ampliorem Dei, virtutis et sciencie cultum, constantissima mente 
tenuerit impartiri; itaque humanitatem vestram, quam equitate et 

i justicia clarissimam arbitramur, plenis desideriis unanimiter obsecramus, 
' ex quo bona dicti reverendi patris ad vestram, ut didicimus disposi- 
\ cionem pervenerint, quatenus egregiam aliquam predictorum suorum 
' librorum largicionem, — cum eruditos viros nihil dign'us nihilque 
I honestius deceat ^, — in perpetuam recommendacionem et laudem 
nominis ejus, cum dilecto nobis in Christo confratre, magistro Nicholao 
. Gosse presencium latore, cujus virtus et fidelitas apud nos probalissinie 

• sunt, premissa considerantes dignemini destinare. Quod si forte 



1 eo MS. 



^ dcciai lb. 



282 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



aliquod impedimentum prevenerit quominus volumina obtinere pote- 
rimus, nostram tunc Universitatem cum alio quovis spectato et honori- 
fico munere suo vestram benignitatem devotissime expetimus insignire. 
Quo facto rem vestre strenuitati dignam nobis atque gratissimam 
facietis. Floreatque vestra nobilitas in multas etates continua gloria 
et honore. De Oxonia in nosire congregacionis domo, decimo die 
Februarii^. 

200. 

Fol. 87 a. To another executor, or administrator, of the late 

Bishop of Chichester. 

Knowledge is the fruit of the constant study of many and good books. 
These then are our wealth; and we may well endeavour to collect volumes 
of the sacred writings from every possible source. We beg you will give \ 
us a large share of the books or some other considerable donation from I 
the property of the late Bishop of Chichester ; and send them to us by the ^ 
hearer of this letter. 

1449. HoNORES in scripto et meliores in voto ; Cum uberrimos scienciarum 
fructus plurium optimorumque voluminum frequens et intentissima 
leccio parturiat, hinc libellorum multitudinem studiosis hominibus baud i| 
deesse. Quod si nos precipue in librorum cultu sollicitari, atque in 
illorum eloquiis, tanquam in splendidissimis diviciis, oblectari deceret ; 
nobis utique dignissimum videtur colligendis undique sacris codicibus, 1 
ubi spes ulla superest, operam sollicitam dare. Plane, quanto litterarum 1 
fons uberior fuerit, tanto efficacius studium consequitur. Sed reve- 
rendus in Christo pater et dominus, Cicestrensis episcopus, nuper elapsus, 
— cujus anima cells gaudeat, — dum vitam hie tueretur, speciosam 
atque amplam suorum librorum donacionem ad conferendum nostra 
Universitati defixus erat, ut doctissimi reddimur, firmissima voluntate : 
Cujus bonorum administratorem vestram probitatem esse fama cre- 
brescente nobis delatum est. Itaque celebritatem vestram unanimiter 
eciam atque eciam obsecramus, quatenus dicti reverendi patris insigne 
aliquod et illustre librorum munus, in perpetuam ejus memoriam, 
dilecto nobis in Christo confratri Nicholao Gosse, latori ^ presencium, 
examinate siquidem fidelitatis et virtutis homini^ nobis dignemini 
maturius delegare. Quod si facile impetrare non possimus, aliam 
qualemcunque nobis memorabilem largicionem, qua nostra possit 
Universitas splendidior exiberi, benignitatem vestram, sicuti vobis cordi 
sumus, deposcimus * impertiri. Quod plane, cum religiosissima pietas I' 

* No address or subscription to this and following epistles. ^ latore MS. 

^ homine ib. * depossimus ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



283 



sanctissimaque amicicia filiorum in parentem esse debeat, vestram 
fraternitatem non solum nostra deprecacione, sed vestra eciam generosa 
mente, credimus peracturam. Valete in eternum, disertissime magister, 
nostri memor. De Oxonia in nostre congregacionis domo^ decimo die 
Fehruarii. 

201 \ Fol. 87 b. 

Your letter commending to us Master William Eftdyrby exhibits that 
regard, which we have always by past experience found that you feel for 
us. You ivill find us ever ready to acknowledge our obligations to you. 
Be graciously pleased to receive the bearer with favour and confidence. 

Reverendissime in Christo pater et domine, benignissime domina- i449« 
cioni vestre humillima recommendacione cum obediencia filiali devote 
premissis. Ex suavissimis humanissimisque litteris vestris, quas nuper 
in recommissionem boni et eruditi viri, fratris Willelmi Endyrby, digna 
veneracione accepimus, deque eciam longo tempore probatissimis 
creberrimisque experimentis dignissimam reverenciam vestram suavis- 
simos benevolentissimosque atfectus penes Universitatem nostram 
gerere facillime intuemur, unde profecto dominacioni vestre nos 
singularissime 2 devinctos habetis habebitisque, ut poeta inquit, 'dum 
spiritus hos regit artus! Quod equidem vestris affectum erat litteris 
implevimus quam libenter; eqiium est enim ut magnitudini vestre in 
omni re nos illos prebeamus, ut ad singula, que vestra reverendissima 
paternitas velit, ita appareamus ^ presto, ut nos non solum omnia debere 
contemplacione vestra que possimus, sed ea eciam que vires non 
suppetunt perficere putemus. Ceterum, quia longum sermonem 
litterarum vestre dignitati baud jucundum esse speramus, res et vota 
nostra, que maxime dicenda restant, latori presencium dedimus ex- 
plicare : rogantes humillime atque accuratissime deprecantes benigni- 
tatem vestram, sic eum in negociis nostris apud dominacionem vestram 
recommendatum habere, ut illud, quod plenissima nostra affeccio 
expetit, gratissimum nobis et felicem effectum consequatur. Cui, 
veluti nos audieritis, aures dignemini impendere creditivas. Valete, 
benignissime pater, in multas etates felicissime ; nosque solita humani- 
tate et benevolencia complectamini. Oxonie, decimo die Fcbruarii, 

Testimonial letter issued for Master Denys ffrestone. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo die mensis Februarii, anno Domini i449« 
millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo nono, sigillata erat littera 

^ No address or subscription again to this epistle. ' siugularissimcs MS. 

' apareamus ib. 



284 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



tcstimonialis pro magistro Dionisio ffrestone, non-regente, sub com- 
miini forma. 

Acquittances of Masters Spekyntone and Norlonde; 
also of Oseney and Eynsham Abbeys. 

I450' Memorandum, quod vicesimo septimo die Marcii, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo, sigillabantur quatuor 
acquietancie, scilicet, acquietancia Spekyntone, acquietancia Norlonde, | 
acquietancia de Osney et acquietancia de Eynesham. 

Fol. 88 a. Testimonial letter for Master Roger Kyng. 

1450. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis \ 
magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salvatore. 
Inter cetera pietatis officia justicie proculdubio consentaneum, et 
nobis, qui virtutis et sciencie studia profitemur, peculiari quodam 
modo debitum est, viros morum gravitate et sciencia preditos digne 
laudis testimonio juvare. Enimvero dum studiosis et eruditis hominibus ; 
laus digna tribuitur, ceteri ^ ad capessendam virtutis et sciencie viam 
concitacius ardenciusque hortantur. Hec et hujuscemodi ante oculos ; 
nostre consideracionis statuentes, per has litteras attestamur, quod ! 
predilectus nobis in Christo confrater, magister Rogerus Kyng, nostre ' 
Universitatis predicte arcium magister, vir quidem conversacionis 
venustate conspicuus, ingenio agilis ac in dicta facultate mature 
eruditus, adeo studiose, sapienter et summa cum gravitate vitam 
nobiscum transegit, cunctis bene beateque vivendi spectaculum ex- 
hibendo, quod in eadem facultate apud nos ad magistratus apicem 
honorifice provehi meritus fuit ; et que ad tanti gradus sollennitatem 
attinebant laudabiliter cuncta explevit. Ut igitur, hujus testificacionis 
gracia, omnium quorum penes se interest uberiorem consequatur 
favorem, has litteras sigillo communi Universitatis predicte fecimus 
consignari. Datum Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, penultimo 
die Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo. 

A similar letter given to Master Roger Kyng. 

Memorandum, quod eodem die magister Rogerus Kyng habuit 
litteram testimonialem sub eadem forma. 
Fol. 88 b. Noverint universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Ricardum Luke et Wistanum Browne . . 

^ ceteris MS. ^ The remainder is wanting in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



285 



202. 

■j To T. Bokelonde, Squyere. 

' Gretyng in God, wyth the gostely suffrage off oure prayers ; And i450» 
forasmoch that we bene informed by oure welbeloved brother, Mr. 
Richard Luke, proctour off oure Universite, that ye have shewde 
. grete kyndnes to oure Universite beforesaide, as in laberynge for us 
; bifore thys tyme to most excellent prince Duke of Gloucestre, oure 
: most gracyeux lord and protectour, late passyd oute J)is troubulous 
1 world, — whose soyle God assoyle for hys hygh mercy, — therfore we 
thanke you w* all the intiernes off oure harts ; prayng you hartly off 
continuance off yo^ gude frendshyp, & specially in J?© mater that 
. foloweth. We hold for certayn hyt is not out off yo^ remembrance 
. how most noble prince beforsaide, for singlere favour and 
i tendyrnes that he had unto oure Universite, yave & bequethyd unto 
us in hys testament, late before hys decese, all \^ latyn bokes )?* he 
had, & also ane c lib ; to f)© edefying off oure divine scoles ; as J?^ 
• saide proctour off oure Universite seyth ye certefyd unto hym : off 
\ jje whych gods we have no thynge yet receyved. And forsomoch Y- 

■ certayn persones, as we understand, bene depute late forto execute 
: deuly wyll off saide most gracyeux prince, after faculte off hys 
' gods ]?at may be found; )?erfore we pray you ryght tenderly to 

? complesshynge off oure desyre, whych concernyth all ]5© commen 
! wele off oure saide Universite & edificacion off cristenfayth, J^at ye 
I woll, at J^e reverence off God and the instance off oure prayers, to do 
j yo^ labyr and diligence to J?e saide persones deputyd, for \>q furthrance 
i and promocion off us to f)^ said bokes & money, yeven unto us as hyt 
is premised ; sendyng futhermor unto us the copy off the testament, 
in all \^ hast resonabl, off the most noble prince abovesaide; l?®- 
whych, as we conceyve, ye promysed to do to J?® proctour off oure 
' Universite beforsaide : wherine ye may shewe gretely yo^ benevolence 
})at ye have unto us, & deserve also a ryght special thanke off oure 

■ Lord God. Whych have you evermor in hys blyssyd governance. 
' Wrytyn at Oxon/ord, xxviii day off Aust. 



To Master John Summerset, Doctor of Medicine. Fol. 89 a. 

Our proctor, Master Luke, tells us of your efforts to obtain for us 
the boolis given by the late Dutie of Gloucester, and of your intercession 
with tlie King in our cause : also that you propose to add, of your oivn 



286 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



gift, other books to his bequest. We are greatly pleased with this your 
benevolent inclination towards us, but we cannot understand how it is 
that, tmder these circumstances, the Dukes books, which came into your 
custody, are not delivered to us, unless it be that some powerful influence 
is exerted to prevent it ; for a steadfast and good man will not be made 
to swerve from the path of justice by interest or cupidity. We trusty 
therefore, you will use your best endeavours to put us in possession, and 
thus do us a great service, and, at the same time, clear your own 
character and that of others now suspected. We send you a list of all 
the books in our library ; and, if you have duplicates, please remember 
that, with our numerous students, we shall find them most useful. 

1450. ExiMiE dignitatis sciencie et celebritatis viro, magistro Johanni 
Summerset, medicinarum doctori nostroque amico precarissimo. 

Votivam felicitatem, et iis, que ad celebres Dei et justicie laudes 
pertinent, firmiter adherere. Recenter accepimus, disertissime ma- 
gister, a carissimo confratre nostro, magistro Ricardo Luke, nostra 
alme Universitatis procuratore, vestram celebritatem non modo pro 
libris nobis restituendis, a dulcissime recordacionis serenissimo principe 
duce Gloucestrie nuper elapso nostre Universitati predicte legatis, 
promptissimo animo et amicissimo vultu penes regiam majestatem 
velle insistere; sed quod vos nostra eciam studia devota iibrorum 
vestra^ largicione lucidiora atque ampliora reddere decrevistis. Et 
plane benignitatem vestram tanta necessitudine nos amplecti per- 
gratum nobis est, et vos inde gratissimum habemus, jocundam nobis 
amiciciam vestram erga nos perpetua diuturnitate ferendam vehe- 
menter cupientes. Verum cum bona dicti serenissimi principis post 
lacrimabilem obitus sui diem in vestram custodiam, ut palam est, 
atque disposicionem pervenerint; quod prefata nobis, ut premittitur, 
legata volumina utilitati et ornamento Universitatis nostre vestra de- 
liberacio minime reservavit, nisi vestra fortassis ad hoc faciendum 
plenissima intencio aliorum hominum impetu frustraretur, grandi pro- 
fecto ducimur admiracione; cum vir bonus et constans nulla per- 
turbacione, complacencia aut cupiditate a justicie semita declinaret. 
Sed gerentes forte ipsis temporibus amplissimas potestates vobis 
impedimento fuere rectissime voluntatis, et quidem pro magna fide 
virtute et sapiencia vestra rem sic se habuisse putamus. Nunc vero, 
quum dictorum Iibrorum nobis, uti leges et Celebris consciencia dictant, 
debite reddendorum justissima desideracione afficimur ; cujus eciam ^ 
desiderii perfecta spes et magna vis, ut tenemus, in vestra probitate 
. nunc recumbit; itaque humanitatem vestram, sicuti decreveritis, as- 



^ vestro MS. 



^ eceam ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 287 

siduo labore et industria penes regiam celsitudinem, ceterosque in hac 
j parte creditos necessaries, pro tarn honesto tamque racionabili voto 
j nostro vestras interponere partes rogamus ex corde. Quo facto baud 
' solum vestri nominis florebit integritas, ac aliorum, quos in premissis 
creditur non fuisse innocentes, scandalum evanescet; sed nobis eciam 
^ precipue amacionis et memorie specimen efficaciter ostendetis. Pro- 
j missam insuper nobis pie liberalitatis vestre librorum donacionem rem 
j ratam haberi firmiter estimamus. Proinde copiam registri omnium 
librorum dicte Universitati nostre pertinencium vestre maturitati cum 
. presencium latore duximus transmittendam ; Eo ut \ si forte consimiles 
i apud vos ^ libri maneant iis quos dicta copia inscripsimus, quod non 
j eo magis vestra penes nos caritas minuatur (vestram prestanciam 
oratissimam habemus ;) cum multiplicitatem studencium eandem ma- 
teriam una contingat apud nos sepissime occupare. Et vestram 
dignitatem, celeberrime magister, nostri memorem felicibus semper 
letari auspiciis bonorum omnium plenissimus retributor faciat Christus 
J Deus. Oxonie in nostre Congregacionis domo, vicesimo octavo die 
\ Augusti. 

204. 

To the Cardinal Archbishop of York, Lord Chancellor. Fol. 89 b. 

// is generally reported that the present parliament has determined to 
take back all the lands recently granted for pious uses by the King. If 

\ this were done without exception, the consequence to us would be terrible ; 

' for the colleges would lose their rents, and thus the University, which is 
now made fruitful in virtue and knowledge by this bounteous stream, 
would become dry and barren, for these foundations are the chief attrac- 

' tion to students. 

\ Reverendissimo in Christo patri et domino, domino Cardinali 1450* 
Eboracensi, Anglic cancellario, nostro domino graciosissimo. 

Reverendissimo in Christo patri benignissimo et domino nostro 
humillimam recommendacionem cum devotissimis nostris precibus 
apud Deum. Ex quo, reverendissime pater, instanti parliamento 
, integram resumpcionem terrarum et possessionum, nuper devocionis 
I domini nostri regis, diffiniri ex communi voce intelleximus, cujus 
I effectum perpetuo nos graviter concernere visum est, dum temporalcs 
redditus collegiorum nostre communis matris virtutum, quos idem 
\ Christianissimus princeps in humane virtutis et catholice fidei in- 

i ^ Eo ut. These words are uncertain, and the words inclosed in brackets seem 
! redundant, but at any rate there is one of the usual confusions here. nos MS. 



.1 



I 

288 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

crementa donavit, sub piefato titulo resumi vulgaris presumpcr 1, 
arbitratur. Quo pacto nostra Universitas, que dictarum possessionur 
gracia impresenciarum virtutibus et sciencia perenne^ fecundatui: 
quasi sterili preoccupata otio inerti torpendo marcesceretur ; cuni 
studencium multitudinem, que apud nos esse consuevit, sepius exhibii 
cione dictorum locorum quam aliunde palam scimus concrevisse 
Hujus igitur rei, ablato premisso, inestimabile sequens malum pi( 
intuenti animo apperitur. Itaque humanissimam dominacionem ves 
tram, cui cerciorem fidem ac confirmaciorem spem opis nostre re [ 
posuimus, [habemus^j atque] gratiosam ac velut paternalem tutelant| 
esse in hac parte suppliciter exoramus ; et banc nostram rempublicani, 
solito more vestre humanitatis grato et benignissimo animo pensare ' 
cum res tante cure a nobis fieri nequit, nisi altiori superne mentis • 
medio, quo dietarum possessionum optato fine potiamur. Et quoniarij 
non facile quidem nobis est satis alti generis laudes et preconiji 
amplissime dominacioni vestre pro tantis muneribus excogitare, qu( 
nuper in scolarum nostrarum edificia impensa * fuisse decrevistis; sin, 
igitur ipse nobis pius consul Seneca, qui melius esse voluit ut beneficig 
non respondeant quam non dentur; dum terrenam spernunt, immcif 
celestem expectant retribucionem ; qua ^ vestram benignissimam do- i 
minacionem frui plenissimus omnium bonorum retributor faciat Christus [ 
Deus. Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, sextodecimo die Novemhris | 

205. I 

To the Commons' House of Parliament. | 

This University is the mother of the clergy and the source of their : 
learning ; and we know that her prosperity is dear to you, for here art 
educated not only sttidents from foreign lands^ hut also those most near ' 
and dear to you, your children and other relatives; who from their 
studies here derive the training which qualifies them for exalted positiom 
in the state. Now if the design of taking hack the lands, given by the 
King for religious objects, should be carried out, our colleges would have 

^ This passage in the MS. is unintelligible ; the writing is quite plain, however, 
and the words are ' Beronne fecundatur quasi tanquam sterili preocupatiir oac . 
mexti torpendo^ &c. The version in the text is suggested as possibly near the 
truth, a conjecture confirmed by similar words in Seneca, Ep. 81, ed. Lips. 
Seneca, it may be observed, was clearly much read at Oxford at this time. See - 
ep. 206, and testimonial letter for Mr. Kyngdon, fol. no b, for two of the numerous f 
instances of application of Seneca's philosophical tenets. ^ hebemus atque MS. ' 
The words seem to be redundant, or something is left out as usual. ^ mente MS. 
* inpessa ib. ^ quia ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



289 



to reduce the number of their fellows , and the University voould lose one of 
lis chief attractions to students. We trusty therefore, that an exception in 
\ favour of these fomidatiofts 7?iay be made. 

Venerabilibus ac circumspectis viris hujus presentis ac nobilissimi 145®. 
parliamenti communariis. 
Votivos honores, et iis rebus firmiter adherere que ad laudem Dei, 
; gloriam et decorem regni, ac augmentum pertinent studii salutaris. 
i Cum inter precipua et celeberrima hujus famosissime regionis loca, 
I nostra Universitas Oxonie, — que fecunda mater est et lucerna cleri, 
sine quo nulla ubique terrarum nacio aut communitas sincera fide ac 
' integra prosperitate diu manere poterit, — ad ornamentum et gloriam, 
i fame titulum, publicamque dicti imperii beatitudinem suis salutaribus 
disciplinis ac probitate morum vehementer pertineat ; ipsam igitur 
valde erigi, ac in claris sui membris salvam et incolumem egregie 
preservari, eximias ^ gravitates vestras velle ac intimius desiderare 
putamus. Quod plane eo nobis evidencius visum est, quod non modo 
' a peregrinis et distantissimis mundi partibus homines, verum eciam 
hujus nostre clarissime patrie dulcissimi liberi, cari nepotes, et con- 
sanguinei ac propinqui, affines vestri, sacris litteris ac moribus im- 
i buendi, apud nos in famosis et devotis collegiis aliisque approbatis 
i locis habitant ; tanquam in fontaU loco vere fidei, sciencie et virtutis ; 
j quibus eleganter prediti ad quam grandes et varios dignitatum honores, 
J in magnum cumulum glorie ac splendoris regni nostreque Universitatis 
et amicorum suorum, sepissime eriguntur^. Sed quoniam in hoc 
I presenti parliamento pro resumpcione terrarum et possessionum, 

* nuper devocionis domini nostri regis, ita generaliter adhibenda tantus, 
^ ut didicimus, labor efficitur, quod revera in precipuum nostre Universi- 
tatis decrementum, ac grave dispendium et depauperacionem egregia- 
rum partium ejusdem, nisi vestris industria et favore honestum interveniat • 

• medium, verisimiliter redundaret, — sunt etenim quedam nostre Uni- 
; versitatis percelebris fame collegia, eo sub numero sociorum ordinata, 

quod si ea reddere deberent, que per eundem illustrissimum principem 
; eis conferri noscuntur, non solum socios dictorum locorum sed alios 
< eciam, quos spes future promocionis ad eadem collegia in dicta 

Universitate nostra compulerit exspectare, simul cum beata doctrina 
' deficere oportebit, — itaque, tametsi prefatam resumpciorem ad regis Fol. 90 a. 
' et regni prosperitatem procul dubio rem summe necessariam esse 

arbitramur, vestre tamen prudentissime congregacionis cetui assiduis 

precum instanciis unanimiter supplicamus, quatinus de vestre bene- 
! volencie ac pietatis fecunditate talem moderacionem in predicta 



' eximeas MS. 



U 



^ exiguntur ib. 



290 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



materia, sicuti optime scitis et potestis, premissa considerantes digne 
mini piovidere, quod nihil in dicto presenti parliamento factum sei 
faciendum in prefatorum collegiorum nostre Universitatis gravameiii| 
seu prejudicium cedere debebit. Interne consideracionis oculo per^ 
pendentes, quod egregie virtutes et sciencie, quibus premissa nostriJ 
Universitas hoc nobilissimum imperium totamque^ Christianitaten 
illustrat, in collegiis fundatis in eadem precipue radicantur ; hac pn. 
re summas indubie atque immortales a Deo grates, nos quoqur 
perpetuos oratores vestros vobisque in eternum devinctos habebitis | 
Et prenobiHs vestre congregacionis cetum in singuHs agendis diriga. 
Christus Deus. Oxonie in nostre congregacionis dome, decimo dt[ 
Novemhris. Vestri oratores devoti Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoni^' 
ensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem. 

206. 

To the Duke of York. | 

The Rovians, who excelled all other nations in war^ and the greav, 
philosophers of ancient times, alike considered those^ who labour for tk 
good of the commonwealth, deserving of the highest praise. Such han ■ 
been your labours and such will be your reward. Let us speak to yoi ^ 
then of our commonwealth — this University — and beg you so to labour ii 
our behalf that we may not be deprived of the lands given to the college, 
by the King. These foundations not only provide for their own fellows : 
but the prospect of promotion, which they offer, is a great attraction U 
students to come to Oxford; and the loss of them would be a morta 
blow to learning ; no less than, as Seneca says, a separation ■ of sou 
and body. 

1450. Illustrissimo principi, domino duci Eboracensi, nostro domin( 
graciosissimo. 

Summis ac probatissimis viris, illustrissime princeps, sane visum es 
ipsos viros benemeritos ac ingenti laude dignos fore, quos florent 
statui reipublice, ne facile a sua gloria decidat, totis animorun 
conatibus insudare constabat. Nam communi utilitati studere, pa 
triamque aut consilio aut^ opera tueri, non solum apud Romanes | 
qui ceteras gentes in milicie gloria longe anteibant, verum eciam apuc 
ipsos antiquitatis philosophos inter cetera preclara facta pro divinissim( 
sancitum erat. Vestre igitur serenitati summa ac maxima propositi 
esse premia speramus, que in totius Anglie rempublicam jam pem i 



^ totaque MS. 



2 ut ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



291 



lacessitam maximo ac continue zelo fervebat : sed quid diximus 
I ' lacessitam ' ? revera vestra sciens ^ tenet prudencia quantum hujus 
olim florentissime ac famosissime regionis, inter cetera totius^ orbis 
terrarum regna, fama statusque quonmidam sceleratorum ^ jamdudum 
pravis factionibus a priscis suis honoribus pene sopiti ceciderunt. Cum 

■ igitur inter cunctos orbis principes percelebri fama evecti estis, nihil 
; sublimitas vestra principis nomine dignius* vel prestantissimorum 
i majorum vestrorum virtute^ facere potest, quam ut communi bono, 
; uti diximus. lacessito. quassato ac pene profligato subveniat^ quam 
' maxime laboret ; ex qua re celeberrimam famam et gloriam vestra 
' serenitas adipiscetur, firmam quidem et nullis seculis defecturam. 

De nostra nunc republica, — Universitatis nostre bonum intelligimus, — 
sermo bre\is humanitati vestre texendus est. Cujus certe status^ 
marcessere ac pene deficere arbitratur, si ea ad efFectum deducta sint 
que fama crebrescente a plurimis existimantur ^ Vulgan quidem 

■ tenetur opinione" resumpcionem terrarum et possessionum, nuper 
• devotionis domini nostri regis, presenti parlyamento integram de- 
! finiri ; que si nulla moderacio honesta preveniat, perpetuo nobis 
1 decremento fiet. Sunt etenim quedam famosissima nostre Universi- 
\ tatis collegia, que si ea reddere deberent, que sibi per regem patentibus 
i litteris collata sunt, non modo socios dictorum locorum sed alios etiam, 
i quos spes future promocionis ad eadem collegia in dicta Universitate 
\ nostra compulerit expectare, simul cum bona doctrina deficere oportebit. 

Doctrinam vero deficere, uti Senece aliisque doctissimis placebat viris, 
I nihil ahud est quam animas a corpore separari^'-, \irtutes singulas 
i extirpari, et, ut summam feramus, damna respublicas undique pene- 
trare. Ea propter, serenissime princeps, tota Universitas, qua potest 
devotione, vestram benignitatem exorandam duxit, quatinus prefato 
malo verisimiUter eventuro humanissime occurrat. Quo facto per- Fol. 90 b- 
'. petuos honores et eternas laudes vestras non modo nostrum \-iventium 
; sed posteritatis eciam nostre cuncta ora, cuncta eloquia celebrabunt. 
Et vestra serenissima dominatio, ad Dei laudem et decorem regni, in 
•multas etates floreat continua gloria et honore. Oxonie in nostre 
icongregacwms do??w, decimo die Novembris. Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regentium in eadem. 

. ' This word in the MS. is unintehigible, more resembling sciens. perhaps, than 
anything else. ' It will be noticed that the letters c and /, at this date and 

iforwards, in the MS. begin to be indiscriminately used before i. ^ siclaraforum 
I MS. * digims'\\). ^ virttiti'ih. * snln>c>2iaut \h. '' s/a/ttn ih. 

i' extimaniur ib. ^ opinioni ib. integra diffiniri ib. quam ib. 

^eperari exoniatidam '\h. 

V 2 



292 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



207. ! 

To the Lords spiritual and temporal of the present 

Parliament. I 

The wisest men of old times considered the pursuit of virtue am \ 
learning the highest aim of statesmen, as being the source of safety] 
and good government. Hence the foundation of Universities, and^ amon^' 
them, of Oxford, conspicuous for virtue, learning, and the faith un \ 
alloyed ; and a centre of attraction to students of every degree, noble.' 
gentle, or simple. To take away, then, the chief support of students fron\ 
us would be, of course^ the ruin of our studies ; for the lands, which it iJ 
proposed to take back, not only maintain a certain number of fellows- 
but they are likewise a potent attraction to those who hope for promotioii 
as a reward. The history of Lacedaemon, Athens, and Rome prove: 
that the decay of education means the decline of empire. 

1450. Spectatissime congregacionis cetui dominorum spiritualium e 1 
temporalium hujus nobilissimi instantis parliamenti. 

Preclarissimi domini, spectatissime vestre congregacionis cetui sub* 
jecciones honoresque cum omni devotione et humilitate. Apud antir 
quos probatissime auctoritatis viros inter summas reipublice parte: f 
nulla quedam prestandor habita neque illustrior visa est, quam ea qui 1 
gloriosum virtutis cultum ac fecunde discipline studium precipue in 
tuetur. Quam ideo, sicuti illam in qua saius patrie ac perfeccio totiu 
regni constituta sit, in primis augendam tuendamque ac sinceriter dili 
gendam censuere. Itaque clarissimi principes retroactis temporibus pre 
celebres ubique terrarum Universitates, communia et studiorum loca, uh [ 
nunc preclare virtutes cum scienciarum rutilante splendore attentissini' " 
coluntur, tan quam pro reipublice, regno rum, civitatumque ^ procura , 
clone substituta, dedicarunt. Sed dum alma parens nostra Universita 
Oxoniensis suis salutaribus virtuUbus et doctrinis ad incolumitaten 
splendorem et famam, precipuamque bone fidei tuitionem hujus nobi 
lissimi imperii, ceteras inter celeberrimas communitates egregie spectar 
dinoscitur^, nobiles itaque strenuis parentibus nati, mediocres eciar 
atque humiles, et fere ex omni alio genere hominum gracia addiscenc 
veniunt ad electivam matrem sciencie et virtutis. Hanc itaque famosar j 
Universitatem nostram a nobis, benignissimi domini, et in se ac clari ^ 
sui membris, graUs amplexibus complectendam fovendamque ac pre ; 
cipue defendendam putamus. Statum etenim ac percelebrem famar| 
dicte matris nostre gravissimorum estimatione magistrorum pene de„ 

* regnorumque civitatum MS. ^ In the MS. four words, ad eterni huju 

regionis, here follow dinoscitur. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



293 



ficere arbitratur, si ea ad effectum deducta sint, que a vulgo tritissime 
predicantur. Communi namque voce tenetur instanti parliamento 
terrarum et possessionum, nuper donacionis domini nostri regis, 
generalem futuram esse resumpcionem : que, si nullam penitus excep- 
cionem habeat, maximo nobis decremento fiet ^. Sunt profecto quedam 
nostre Universitatis sacra et devota collegia, eo sub numero sociorum 
ordinata, quod si repetita fuerint, que per eundem Christianissimum 
principem eis conferri noscuntur, non solum numerum sociorum 
eorumdem, sed aliorum eciam studencium, quos spes future promo- 
cionis ad eadem collegia in dicta Universitate compulerit expectare, 
deficere necesse esset. Studentibus vero sublatis doctrinam perire 
oportet. Et quid aliud est doctrinam extinguere, quam lucem e medio 
tollere, vicia quoque regnare, et, ut paucitate verborum utamur, singula 
incommoda regno provenire. Superiores transcurrenti ^ historias notis- 
sima sunt que diximus. Lacedemoniorum, Atheniensium ac Romanorum 
olim respublice florentissime fuerunt; concidente vero in eis veteri 
disciplina, ad id sunt deducti, quod vix eorum nominum vestigia 
relicta sunt. Itaque preclarissime vestre congregacionis cetui dictam 
Universitatem, matrem nostram, tota qua possumus devotione recom- 
mittimus per presentes ; supplicantes humillime, quatinus eandem 
matrem nostram piis ac gravissimis defensionibus vestris ab imminenti Fol. 91 a. 
periculo dignemini liberare. Qua^ pro re benignissime dominationes 
vestre continua apud nos vigebunt memoria, apud posteros vivent, et 
in ipsa eternitate superstites erunt. Oxonie, in nostre congregacionis 
domo, decimo die Novembris. Vestri humillimi oratores Cancellarius 
Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regentium in 
eadem. 

208. 

To the Commons' House of Parliament. 

To the worshipfull commyners off present noble parlament. HSo- 
Ryght worshupfull sires, worthy commeners in thys and noble 
parlament, grace and J>e godnes of holy gosthe be you to 
streynth yow to gedur ; to f)^ honore and ])^ wership of god, to J^e 
gode pece, profith, welyth and ]?e desyderable and durable prosperyth 
of all l^is noble Realme. Please hyt you to knowe that oure moder j?© 
Universythe prayth tendyrly for 30W and oure good spede. consideryng 
youre gret and intensive j^ele and labur ])^ ^e have to reformyng 
and save governawnce of ])^ seid Realme. and for asmosche that 
a generall resumpcion, and we wnderslonde, is in laboryng to be 

' fient MS. irascurnnti ib. ' quia ib. 



294 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



hadde to f>® kyngis handys of londys tenementys and possessonis 
oure seide Universith, whych ys J?© moder, lanterne, and welle of f)' 
clergy, praylh ^ow devotly to excepte colleges of J)© same Universyth 
• of piouse intencione to [?e worshyp of god, and encrese of holy faytl 1 
by diverse sciencys and vertus of home growyt ; stronge pyllers o ' 
holy churche, as prelatys and sage fadyrs of ^oure chyldryn, kyn anc 
cousyns. Warfore by naturale inclinatione, as we trusth on ^ou, we ' 
woll oure strencth in mayntenyng oure coUegges before sayde ; con- 
syderyng j^^ J^e principall bemys of vertus and connyng ^, by f)© whycl: 
oure sayde Universith shynyth ^ and lyghnyth alle noble Realme 
spryngh and growyth out of colleges fundyd, stabllid in \^ same 
And for ^ou all in generall we schall offyr to almygthy god oure 
devote prayers. Writ at Oxford in oure semhly hous, ]f x day oj 
Novembur. 

Chaunceller of J>e Universyth of Oxonford et^ f)® hole semble ol 
maystrys Regentys in the same. 

Fol. 91b. 209 ^ 

1450. Right Worshipfull syre*^, grace, pece and prosperite be to you, to 
godes Worship and to the gode Welth of the Realme of Englond ever 
during. Worthy syres, forasmoche that mony of your own Issieu and 
also kynnesmen hath, be now, and shall be in tyme comyng tenderly 
and bysyly norysshed and avaunced w* the Rype frute of connyng in 
oure moder the Universite of Oxonford ; in to the glory and the! 
Worship of god in special, and to the mayntenaunce of crysten faith,t 
causyng of Wyse menn in the Realme, and to you grete ioy, confort, 
and eternal mede ; that causeth, supporteth, and furthereth suche 
studierx : Therfore we conceyveth that youre natures and benevolence 
shuld enioy w*^ ws of the furtheraunce of the said Universite. And for 
somoche that oure ryght special lord and myghty Prince the Duke of 
Gloucestre, late passed out of this worlde, — whos soule god assoyle 
for his hygh mercy, — not long bifore his decesse, being in oure said 
Universyte emonge all the Doctoure*^ and maistere*^ of the same 
sembled togedor, graunted unto us all his latyn bokes, to the lovyng 
of god, increce of Clergy and connyng menn, to the gode governaunce 
and prosperite of the Realme of Englond w*outen ende, bifore all other 
contreye*^ or plac*;^ of the World; the Whiche gyfte often tyme*^ aftre, 

^ we he MS., probably should be ^ ye woll be oure strencth.'' ^ comyng ih. 

3 shymyth ib. * et. This is as it stands in the MS. (probably an accidental \ 

error by the scribe, more accustomed to Latin or French) ; but the et has the mark 
of a contraction as if for etiam, et. ^ No address, superscription or title to 

this letter in MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



295 



I be oure messengere"^, and also in his laste testament, as we under- 
stande, he conformed, the Which bokes we myght, be no maner of 
] labourer, sythen he decessed opteyne ; Therfore We besech your sage 
j discrecione*^, consideryng all this premysse*^, that ye Wyll, at the 
I reverence of god and the instance of oure devote prayers, to the 
I complesshing of our said ryght special lordes Wylle and desire, and of 
I ryght Wesnes to be had in this behalve, ordeyn in suche Wyse for us 
' in this present noble parliament that We may reioysse^ the bokes 
: biforesaid. And so oure lord god inspyre you and governe you to 
i his pleasaunce helth of soule and body to youre lyves ende, 
\ Writene at Oxon/ord, Sfc. 
1 

210 ^ 

The duke of Gloucester, out of his zeal for the Church and love for us, Fol. 92 a, 
' wished that we should have all his Latin books ; and in our convocation 
i here publicly, and often by messengers to us, gave them to us, and con- 
i firmed the gift in his last will and testament, as we are informed ; we 
: pray then that, of your charity and love of justice, you will exert your 
i influence to obtain for us possession of them. 

Felices successus^ et que ad perpetuam regni et studii nostri gloriam 1450. 
j pertinent efficaciter adimplere. Cum animadvertimus gravitates vestras, 
prudentissimi homines, inter magnas occupaciones et studia vestra, 
res ipsas precipue, quas clarissimo principi Humfrido, nuper duci 
Gloucestrie, singulari domino et protectori nostro pertinere censuistis, 
sacra quadam benevolencia ac sincera pietate promovere ; igitur in tali 
negocio, quod idem clementissimus princeps, dum in humanis agebat, 
nostre Universitati piissimo desiderio ac firmissima mente prestituit ad- 
implendum, tam claro ac felicissimo cetui vestro scribere pro succursu 
nobis quam fructuosum et utile arbitramur. Voluit etenim humanissimus 
ille ac Htteratissimus princeps, ob precipuum in nos zelum ac amorem 
suum, ad Christiane religionis et cleri perpetuum incrementum, omnes 
latinos sui libros pre ceteris nobis dari. Nam semel apud nos in 
nostre congregacionis domo, adunatis singulis doctoribus et magistris 
dicte Universitatis, ac sepenumero per internuncios nostros, de summa 
et magnifica liberalitate sua, nobis eosdem publica voce concessit ; ac 
eandem donacionem pauUo ante lacrimabilem obilus sui diem, uti 
didicimus, in testamento suo feliciter confirmavit. Itaque benigni- 
tatibus vestris devotas preces nostras, non sine maxima quadam animi 

^ i.e. rejoice, receive! or 'rejoice in^? ^ No address, subscription or title 

in MS. 



296 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



vehemencia et fiducia profusas, effundimus ; supplicantes quatinti, 
divina reverencia et contemplacione dicti serenissimi principis, nupt i 
zelatissimi amatoris nostri, — cujus spiritus in celis habitet, — intuit: 
eciam caritatis et justicie complementi, talem nobis opem et favorer I 
in hac parte ostendere dignemini, ut vestra virtute et industria dictc 
libros, nobis, ut premittitur, piissima voluntate memorati principij 
indultos, quam primum fieri poterit consequamur. Quo facto, cum 
ea res ad sustentacionem sacre discipline, virtutisque ac catholice fidt^ 
unice et singulariter pertineat, rem vobis profecto longe meritorian. | 
nobisque et posteritati nostre dignissimam facietis. Et prenobilit| 
vestre congregacionis cetum, ad regni et Universitatis nostre solameril 
commodum et honorem, in magnam etatem prosperet Christus Deu{ ' 
De Oxonia^ &fc. 

2II\ 

To a reputed executor of the Duke of Gloucester. 

Books are as necessary to us as weapons are to soldiers ; by them w | 
are enabled to defend the Church and overthrow hereticks. We prayyoh 
then to use your influence in our behalf^ that we may have possession ^ 
the booths promised by the Duke of Gloucester ; for they will, as we ar 
informed, be in your hands for disposal. 

1450. VoTivos honores, et ea perpetuo feliciter adimplere, que ad celebrer 
justicie laudes pertinent et glorie militaris, Sicuti pugnaturis militibu;i 
arma tuciora providere adversus hostium impetus necessarium di'^ 
noscitur, ita nobis indubie, qui Christiane fidei professores ac pro^ 
pinquiores alumni sumus, contra hereticorum insultus, atque pn 
solidiori militantis ecclesie confirmacione, opere precium est.sanorun 
librorum multitudine communiri. Sed cum felicis memorie illustris 
simus princeps Humfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, noster graciosissimun 
Fol. 92 b. dominus et protector, ob precipuum amorem ac singularem bene ; 

volenciam et pietatem, quam penes nos, dum rebus humanis fruensi; 
habuerat, omnes latinos sui libros, ad ampliorem Dei, virtutis e 
sciencie cultum, palam in Universitate nostra, presentibus singulifi 
doctoribus et magistris ejusdem, ac aliis subinde temporibus pe] 
internuncios nostros, nobis pre ceteris quibuscunque habendos, ej 
amplissima liberalitate sua concessit, ac eandem donacionem, sicut 
nobis dignissima relacione compertum est, parum ante extremum su 
diem virtute testamenti sui firmiter roboravit; itaque humanitaten[ 

^ No address, &C.5 again, but, as the allusions to military life seem to indicate ' 
the person to whom this letter was written, was certainly a layman, and of militarj 
calling. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



297 



vestram, quam equitate et justicia clarissimam arbitramur, plenis 
desideriis unanimiter obsecramus, ex quo bona dicti serenissimi 
principis, ud didicimus, in vestram disposicionem pervenient, quatinus 
ad dictos libros, nobis ut premittitur feliciter donatos, in comple- 
mentiim justicie ac piissime voluntatis prefati domini nostri, nos, quam 
cito poteritis, dignemini promovere. Quo facto, rem vestre strenuitati 
dignam nobis quoque gratissimam facietis. Floreatque nobilitas vestra 
in multas etates continua gloria et honore. De Oxonia. 

212 \ 

To a reputed executor of the Duke of Gloucester. 

As we hear that the effects of the late Duke of Gloucester will be at 
your disposal, we beg you will^ of your piety and benevolence, help us to 
obtain them, for it is of the greatest importance to us to have, and to 
gather from every quarter, books on sacred subjects, since from the study 
of them springs the most fruitful harvest of knowledge. 

Felicium incrementa successuum, et iis rebus firmiter adherere, que 1450. 
ad celebres Dei laudes ac augmentum pertinent studii salutaris. Cum 
uberrimos scienciarum fructus plurium optimorumque voluminum 
frequens et intentissima leccio parturiat ; nobis, qui virtutis et sciencie 
studia profitemur. colligendis undique sacris libris, ubi digna spes 
habendi superest, apprime convenit occupare. Etenim quanto littera- 
rum fons uberior fuerit, tanto efficacius studium consequitur. Sed 
quoniam singularissimus benefactor noster, serenissimus princeps 
Humfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, omnes latinos sui libros nobis viva 
voce concessit, ac in ea piissima voluntate usque ad ultimum fati sui 
diem, ut ex fide dignorum testimonio accepimus, continue perduravit ;. 
itaque humanitatem vestram maximis atque intimis precibus duximus 
exorandam, ex quo bona predicti illustrissimi principis, uti didicimus, 
ad vestram curam atque administracionem pervenient, quatinus sacra 
in nos benevolencia et profusa pietate vestra dictorum librorum nobis 
equidem, sicut justicia et consciencia suadent, debite reddendorum 
optato fine pociamur. Nullum utique beneficium ad egregias virtutes 
et beatam doctrinam capessendas nobis oblatum iri prestancius aut 
magnificencius arbitramur. Et vestram nobilitatem feliciter valere 
semperque leto florere successu faciat Christus Deus. De Oxonia^ 
qtiam raptim, ^r. 

1 No address to this and to the lollovving epistles. 



298 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



213- I 

To the Bishop of reputed to be an executor j 

of the Duke of Gloucester. 

Fol. 93 a. To the same purpose as the preceding letters. 

1450. Reverende in Christo pater et domine, debitas reverencias et honore 
cum devotissimis nostris precibus apud Deum. Dominacionem vestrar , 
credimus non latere, benignissime pater, quomodo dive et bone memoriij 
serenissimus princeps Humfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, ad perpetuur 
virtutis et doctrine ac catholice fidei incrementum, omnes latini ydio i 
matis libros suos, sincero quodam ac precipuo amore studii nostr-j 
nobis ex piissima liberalitate sua sepenumero, cum vixerat, libere ei 
gratanter concessit : quam utique promissionem, paullo ante flebilenj 
et infaustum necis sue diem, uti nobis significatum est, virtute testa' 
menti sui ratam haberi prestituit. Sed cum opes predicti nobilissirrij 
principis in manu vestra, ut docti reddimur, pervenient, igitur totu; 
devocione nostra dominacionem vestram suppliciter imploratam habe 
mus, ut quod nobis memoratus princeps pia voluntate indulsit, pe 
vestram in nos graciam et benevolenciam non minori pietate si 
executum: Quo facto non modo nos viventes, sed posteri nosti; 
nomen et magnificenciam vestram summis ac eternis laudum preconiii;' 
celebrabunt. Postremo pro pristinis beneficiis vestris dominacion^ 
vestre singulares et amplissimas grates agimus, sperantes hoc quoqu(! 
librorum optatum beneficium, ubi in vestram disposicionem venerinti 
celeriter adipisci. Et vestram dominacionem, ad felix ecclesie vestr f 
regimen, in magnam etatem prosperet Christus Deus. De Oxonia, 

To the Bishop of . 

1450. Reverende in Christo pater et domine, humillima recommendaciom 
premissa cum devotissimis matris precibus apud Deum : Non fugit 
uti credimus, dominacionem vestram magnificum ilium principen 
nuper ducem Gloucestrie, ob singularem in nos benevolenciam e 
pietatem suam, omnes latini sermonis libros suos, ad sacrosanctc 
ecclesie Dei et tocius Christiane religionis supportacionem, nobis, dun 
hoc labenti seculo fretus erat, eximia et divina quadam liberalitate 1 
apud Universitatem nostram palam concessisse : quam utique egregian 
ac in eternum memorabilem donacionem, si ea quidem uti potue 
rimus, . . } ' 
^ No address to this fragment. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



299 



Acquittance of the Warden and Fellows of Fol. 93 b. 

All Souls College. 

Five years' rent of Tynchwykes Inn in ' Catestrete ' paid to the 
University. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancel- i450- 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Ricardum Luke et Wistanum Browne, 
procuratores dicte Universitatis, recepisse et habuisse, die confeccionis 
presencium, vice et nomine dicte Universitatis, de custode et sociis 
collegii animarum omnium fidelium defunctorum in Oxonia quinque 
marcas sterlingorum ; de redditu cujusdam fundi, situati infra pre- 
cinctum dicti collegii, vocati antiquitus ' Tynchewykesyn,' in vico de 
' Catestrete ' ; pro quinque annis ultime ante datum presencium 
elapsis: videlicet pro quolibet anno tredecim solidos et quatuor 
denarios: De quibus quidem quinque marcis fatemur nos, vice et 
nomine predicte Universitatis, fore fideliter solutos pro predktis 
quinque annis ; dictumque custodem et socios, et eorum successores 
ac quoscunque alios, inde quietos per presentes. In cujus rei testi- 
monium sigillum commune predicte Universitatis presentibus est ap- 
pensum. Datum Oxonie in dome nosire congregacionis, tercio die 
Octobris, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum vicesimo 
nono. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey, 

NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancel- 1450- 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Ricardum Luke et Wistanum Browne, 
procuratores dicte Universitatis, recepisse et habuisse, die confeccionis 
presencium, vice et nomine dicte Universitatis, de viris religiosis Abbate 
et conventu monasterii de Einsham, Lincolniensis diocesis, sedecim 
solidos ; pro annua pensione dicte Universitati debita in festo S. Nicholai 
ultimo elapso : De quibus quidem sedecim solidis fatemur nos, vice et 
nomine predicte Universitatis, fore fideliter solutos, dictosque viros 
religiosos, Abbatem et conventum predicti monasterii, inde acquietamus 
per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune Universi- 
tatis predicte presentibus est appensum. Datiwi i?i dome nosire con- 
gregacionis, quariodecinio die Decembris^ anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
post conquestum vicesimo nono> 



300 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



214. : 

To the Lords spiritual and temporal of this Parliament 

Four forefathers highly esteemed learning, as the source of strength 
the commonwealth and of glory to their arms in war ; for from hoc. 
men learn the history of the past and by its example may shape the ' 
conduct. We believe you are of the same opinion,, and therefore mc 
humbly entreat you to give effect to the last will of the late Duke ^ 
Gloucester, in which he gave us the precious treasure of all his book ' 
to help us in our bloodless warfare. 

1450. Spectatissimo cetui dominorum spiritualium et temporalium hujir 
nobilissimi parliamenti domini nostri regis. 

Preclarissimi domini, spectatissimo cetui vestro honores ac justa;* 
observanciam. Dignissimi in primis memoratu progenitores vestij 
maxima^ secum conferentes ratiocinando, studia litterarum magi 
facere, in honore habere, ac augere magnopere curarunt; anin 
advertentes inde reipublice ac domestice simul ac rei militari restai 
randis et illustrandis non parum commodi et emolumenti affuturuE 
Ab ipsis etenim optimis studiis accepimus clarissima superioris etat 
exempla presciendis futurorum eventibus dubiis adaptare. Et qui ' 
dominaciones vestras tam sacratissime rei proposito inherere s 
majoribus vestris, ad amplianda hujusmodi exercicia ^, conforma ' 
plenissimam tenemus opinionem, banc causam nostre supplicacion 
tam clarissimo cetui vestro in presenciarum statuimus aperire. Quoi 
cum felicis memorie Humfridus, dux nuper Gloucestrie, nostre inern , 
milicie peregregius protector, dum adhuc compos animo fuerat, i , 
nostre congregacionis domo preciosissimum omnium librorum suorui 
thesaurum nobis ante omnes mortales derelicturum se et do'naturui 
gratanter asseruit, quam piissimam donacionem, per interveniente 
modo suos modo nostros legatos, sepenumero confirmatam, pei 
severanter ratam habuisse intelleximus, ad ipsum usque momentm 
lacrimabile quo diem sibi clausit extremum; cujus ultime voluntati 
vestra auctoritate, sapiencia et virtute celerem fieri execucionem, dom: 
nacionibus vestris, coram eisdem non minus mente quam sermone hu 
minimis, prostrati supplicamus. Quo pacto libri ipsi ad institutum sil 
finem justissimum evadent, bonorum studencium profectui et grato usi 
futuri ; ad publicam tocius regni beatitudinem ac cleri et sacrosanct 1 
fidei certissimum incrementum. Et vestre dominaciones in multa 
etates valeant quam felicissime. De Oxonia, sextodecimo die fanuarii. 

Dominacionum vestrarum humillimi oratores, Cancellarius Universi ' 
tatis Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadenr 
^ maximana MS. ^ excercia ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 301 



215. 

To the King. Fol. 94 a. 

Although the cares of state are, we know, very heavy, yet we believe 
you do not forget the advancement of virtue and divine learning ; than 
which, indeed, nothing is more deserving of the interest of a glorious 
prince. History shows us that where the study of letters has been 
fostered by wise princes their government has prospered. We humbly 
ask, therefore, that, of your piety and justice, you will give orders that 
the desire of the late Duke of Gloucester, which, as we are told, was 
much in his mind up to the very time of his death, may be carried into 
effect ; by giving us possession of the precious gift of books he intended 
for us. Thus shall you obtain a recompense in heaven; and grateful 
memory on earth, among us and those to come after us. Remember, we 
have always devoted our lives and studies to your wishes. 

Christianissimo principi, Anglie et Francie regi illustrissimo et 1450. 
domino nostro metuendissimo. 

Quanquam, illustrissime princeps, circa publicas hujus regni curas 
vestram serenitatem plurimum habere negocii certi sumus, tamen ob 
singularem probitatem et sapienciam vestram, ad egregias virtutes et 
sacram erudicionem ampliandas pios vestre consideracionis oculos 
inter ceteros credimus vos retorquere. Nihil equidem glorioso principi, 
ad communem tocius sui regni salutem, divinius aut magnificencius 
obtingere potest. Nam si veteres contemplemur historias, ubicumque 
studia litterarum sub clemencia et tuicione principum floruerunt, illic 
simul imperium floruisse compertum est. Sed cum ad colendas vir- 
tutes augendasque doctrinas librorum cultus potissimum conferat, de 
libris quam maxime obtinendis celsitudini vestre impresenciarum \ 
duximus perscribendum. Quoniam vero magnificus ille princeps, 
Humfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, vester carissimus avunculus ac 
vestre Universitatis, matris nostre, preter amplitudinem vestram singula- 
rissimus amator, parum antequam desinebat vivere, ex magna quadam 
et prestanti liberalitate sua, ad Dei laudem et perpetuum virtutis, 
sciencie, ac ortodoxe fidei incrementum, in nostre congregacionis 
domo, presenti numerosa plebe magistrorum regencium et non- 
regencium dicte Universitatis, nobis ore tenus omnium librorum 
suorum latini sermonis quam preciosam ac celebcrrimam tribuit 
donacionem ; eandem quoque mentem, usque dum mors eum ab hac 
luce rapuit, tanquam aliquid maximum in votis, ut docti rcddimur, 
constantissime tenebat; quocirca, clementissime princeps, regiam 
' in presentiarum MS. 



302 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



majestatem ^ vestram obnixe et cum omni observancia exoramus, 
quatinus ea pietas, ea justicia vestra taliter in hac parte jubere ac 
providere dignetur, ut predicte munificencie memorati principis Hum- 
fridi fructum jam diu expectatmn debite consequamur. Ex qua re 
non modo celestem vobis a Deo comparabitis mercedem, sed nobis 
eciam ac toti posteritati nostre magnum et immortale recordacionis ac 
benevolencie specimen ostendetis. Postremo, celsitudini vestre nos 
obsequentissime recommendamus ; semper rogantes obtestantesque ut 
memineritis nos eos esse, qui omnem vitam atque studium vestre 
voluntati et arbitrio dedicavimus. Et vestram serenitatem, ad regni 
et studii nostri gloriam, diu et feliciter conservet Christus Deus. De 
Oxonia, in nostre congregacionis domo, sextodecimo die Januarii. 

Vestre celsitudinis humillimi oratores, Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium et non- 
regencium in eadem. 

2l6. 

To the Bishop of Ely. 

We beg you to use the great influence your family-connexions and 
exalted position give you, to assist us in obtaining the books given to us 
by the late Duke of Gloucester. If we have written to others before you, 
it was only because we felt so sure of your sympathy from your formerly 
having been our Chancellor ; and we hope you will not be offended. 

1450. Reverendo in Christo patri et domino, domino Thome, Eliensi 
episcopo, nostro domino singularissimo. 

Reverende in Christo pater et domine, humillima recommendacione 
premissa cum devotissimis nostris precibus apud Deum. Quanquam 
ab ineunte etate vestra, prestantissime pater, communem matrem, 
nostram Universitatem singulari benevolencia et pietate complexi 
fueritis ; ex quo magnas grates agimus sublimitati vestre ; id tamen 
in primis nobis gratum est, quod, cum procurator noster, magister 
Ricardus Luke, clericus vester, maxima vota nostra de libris obtinendis 
— quos dive memorie Humfridus, nuper dux Gloucestrie, nobis paullo 
antequam obiit mortem, divina quadam liberalitate concesserat — ^jam- 
dudum vestre dominacioni explicuerit, propensum sibi favorem ac 
vultum ostendentes, caram in ea re diligenciam atque operam vestram 
dare, sicuti ab eodem didicimus, quam benignissimo animo promisistis. 
Unde illam humanitatem vestram immortalitate dignam ab imis pre- 
cordiis nostris gratulatissimam habemus ; hanc sacram in nos bene- 

^ magistatem MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



303 



volenciam vestram precipue in hoc arduo negocio nostro continuatum 
iri magnopere cupientes. Interea, cum hujusregni cunctis optimatibus 
aut clarissimis sanguine vel sancta necessitudine propinqui sitis, ut eos 
ad opem nobis in hac parte similiter conferendam, hortari et suadere 
dignemini vestram ex corde clemenciam deprecamur ; tenentes firmiter, 
quod prestanti virtute et industria vestra hujus tam justi tamque proba- 
bilis et honesti desiderii nostri compotes fiemus. Quod si nobis vicio 
fortassis a vestra gravitate datum fuerit, quia, superiores litteras nostras 
in hac materia ceteris dominis transmittentes, vestre pretermisimus 
scribere dignitati; sane ineffabilem vobis gerentes confidenciam, 
memorantes vos olim placidissimum rectorem ac dominum nostrum 
extitisse, non opus prius fuisse scriptis dominacioni vestre putabamus. 
Quid multa ? in longam etatem valeat benignissima paternitas vestra 
quam felicissime, nostri memor. De Oxonia, vicesimo septimo die 
Fehruarii. 



No^TRiNT universi per presentes, nos, magistrum Gilbertum Kymer, 1450. 
Cancellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis ac magistros Ricardum Luke 
et Wistanum Browne, procuratores ejusdem, nomine predicte Uni- 
versitatis. recepisse de religiosis viris Abbate et conventu de Ensham, 
Lincolniensis diocesis, tres libras et octo soKdos, pro quadam annua 
pensione eidem Universitati pro terminis S. Nicholai et capitis jejunii 
quadragesime ultimis elapsis debita : De quibus quidem tribus libris et 
octo solidis fatemur nos, nomine predicte Universitatis fore solutos, et 
inde predictos religiosos viros acquietamus per presentes. In cujus 
rei testimonium sigillum commune Universitatis antedicte presentibus 
est appensum. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, sextodecimo die 
Marcii^ anno regni regis Henrici vicesimo nono ^. 



To the Duchess of Suffolk. 

To the rigth and mxjghti princes, the duchesse of Suffolke, oure 1450. 
ryght especiall benefactrice and singuler lady. 

Ryght high and myghty princes. We youre humble oratours recom- 
maunde us unto youre good ladyshippe an noble grace wyth the 
gostely suffrages of oure prayers, inioyng gretly'^ als wel of voure 
goude spede late in youre matyrs at London, as of youre commyng 
home and abydyng in this contre : whiche Ireuly beth un 10 us grete 



Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 



Fol. 94 b. 



217. 



' xix^ MS. 



2 geily ib. 



304 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

glore and comfort. And for as much that hit hath plesed youre noble 
ladishippe but late ago to shew unto us grete liberalite and tendyrnes 
in sondre wyse, therfore we besech devotely almygthi god to thank 
yow ; and we for oure deute, als ferforth as is possible unto us, thanke 
yowr heynesse al so w* alle the internes of oure hertes ; Recommending 
us w* lowly spiryts into the gracyous continuaunce of youre rygth heyh 
and benigne ladishippe ; as we shall dayly oflfre to god oure prayers 
and devocions for youre noble estate, good helth, welthe and prosperite : 
whiche oure lord graunte yow abundantly at the meke instance of oure 
prayers. Writ at Oxford in oure sembly hous the 6 day of may. 

1450. Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Wyldgrice. 

Memorandum, quod septimo die Julii, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo quinquagesimo, sigillata fait quedam littera testi- 
monialis pro magistro Thoma Wyldgrice, sub forma qua scribitur pro 
magistro Sharburght septimo folio precedenti. 

Two Indentures sealed. 

i45o« Item\ eodem die sigillate fuerunt due indenture locacionis fundi 
cum gardino ; super quo nuper edificata fuit aula ' Cathall ' ; et 
dimittitur sibi ad firmam pro quatuor solidis, et pro termino duodecim 
annorum. 

Fol. 95 a. Acquittance of Master John Evelyn, supervisor of the 
building of the new school of theology. 

1451. NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancel- 
larium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmum Ketyll, Thomam Balsall, 
procuratores dicte Universitatis, et cetum unanimem magistrorum 
regencium in eadem remisisse, relaxasse et omnino, pro nobis et 
successoribus nostris, in perpetuum quietum clamasse magistro 
Johanni Evelyn, alteri supravisorum fabrice novarum scolarum sacre 
theologie Oxonie, omnimodas acciones reales et personales, querelas, 
calumnias, sectas et demandas, cujuscunque fuerint nature, accionis 
vel condicionis, nobis et dicte Universitati quovismodo competentes 
a principio mundi usque in diem confeccionis presencium, racione 
supervisionis predicte fabrice. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
commune dicte Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum 

^ This memorandum is crossed out in the MS., and on the margin is written the 
word vacat. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 305 

Oxonie in nostre congregacionis domo, ultimo die Octobris, annis Domini 
millesimo quadringentesif?io quinquagesimo primo, regnique regis Henrici, 
sexti post co7iquesium, tricesimo. 

Ista acquietancia est sigillata die et anno supradictis pro magistro Johanne 
Evelyn. 

Acquittance of Master John Cowper. 

Alia acquietancia sub eadem forma sigillabatur pro magistro Roberto 1451. 
j Cowper, in festo S. Edmundi regis, anno Domini suprascripto. 

I Indenture of agreement between the University and All Fol. 95 b. 
j Souls' College for lease of tenement in Catstreet. 

I Hec indentura, facta inter magistros Gilbertum Kymer, Cancellarium 1451. 
; Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmum Ketyll et Thomam Balsall, pro- 
\ curatores dicte Universitatis, cetumque unanimem magistrorum re- 
, gencium in eadem, ex parte una, et magistrum Willelmum Kele, 
custodem collegii animarum omnium fidelium defunctorum in Oxonia 
et ejusdem loci socios, ex altera parte, testatur, quod prefatus Cancel- 
jlarius, procuratores et cetus magistrorum concesserunt, tradiderunt et 
ad firmam dimiserunt prefatis custodi et sociis totum ilium fundum 
j dicte Universitatis, cum gardino et suis pertinenciis, in vico de 
i'Catstret' in parochia Beate Marie Virginis Oxonie, situatum inter 
Uenementum Abbatis et conventus de Eynesham ex parte boreali\ et 
i tenementum dicte ecclesie Beate Marie ex parte australi, habendum et 
tenendum predictum fundum cum gardino et suis pertinenciis prefatis 
custodi et sociis et eorum successoribus, a festo S. Michaelis Archangeli 
proxime futuro post datum presencium usque ad finem termini septem 
annorum proxime ex tunc sequencium et plenarie completorum : red- 
1 den do inde annuatim prefatis Cancellario, procuratoribus, [etj^cetui 
i magistrorum et eorum successoribus, qui pro tempore fuerint, quatuor 
'solidos bone et legalis monete Anglic, ad quatuor anni terminos in 
, Oxonia usuales. Et si contingat predictam firmam quatuor solidorum 
a retro fore non solutam ad aliquem terminum quo solvi debeat, in 
'parte vel in toto, aut per quindecim dies post hujusmodi terminum ; 
jex tunc bene liceat prefatis Cancellario, procuratoribus [et] ^ cetui 
jtnagistrorum et eorum successoribus in predicto fundo cum gardino 
let suis pertinenciis distringere, et districciones ibidem inventas licite 
iasportare, abducere, effugare et penes se retinere, quousque de tota 
;predicta firma cum omnibus inde arreragiis, si que fuerint, sibi fuerit^ 
', plenarie satisfactum. Et si sufficiens districcio ibidem inveniri non 

* boriali MS. ^ et omitted ib. '^fuerint ib. 

X 



3o6 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



potei it, aut si conlingat prefatum Cancellarium, procuratores [et] cetuiT]|| 
magistroruni vel eorum successores, aut quemcunque alium edificare [ 
in dicto fundo, vel si contingat predictum Gilbertum, nunc Cancel- 
larium, habere dictum fundum cum gardino et suis pertinenciis ex 
dimissione Universitatis predicte ad certum terminum sibi et assignatis ' 
suis, aut ex dono dicte Universitatis sibi et assignatis suis in per- j 
petuum; ex tunc bene liceat prefatis Cancellario, procuratoribus [et^i 
cetui magistrorum et eorum successoribus in predictum fundum cum^ 
gardino et suis pertinenciis reintrare, et in manus suas retrahere, ac 1 
Fol. 96 a. predictum custodem et socios eorumque successores inde totalitei-' 
expellere, presenti dimissione non obstante ; allocando eisdem custodii: 
et sociis ac eorum successoribus costagia sua, si que fecerint, in dictc | 
fundo et gardino durante termino predicto. Et prefatus Cancellariusj 
procuratores, cetusque magistrorum et eorum successores predictunij 
fundum cum gardino et suis pertinenciis prefatis custodi et sociis ac' 
eorum successoribus, durante dicto termino, sub forma et condicione , 
premissis, contra omnes gentes warantizabunt per presentes. In cujus^ 
rei testimonium partes predicte alternatim sua sigilla apposuerunt. ' 
Datum in ecclesia Beate Marie Oxonie, sextodecimo die Decembris, anno 
regni regis Henrici sex ti post conquestum tricesimo. il 

Indentura de Tyngewyks Inne. 

1451. Hec indentura, facta inter magistrum Gilbertum Kymer, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, magistros Willelmum Ketyll et Thomair 
Balsall, procuratores dicte Universitatis, cetumque unanimem magi- 
strorum regencium et non-regencium, ex parte una, et Willelmum Kele 
custodem collegii animarum omnium fidelium defunctorum de Oxonia 
ac socios ejusdem et eorum successores, ex parte altera, testatur, quoc 
prefatus Cancellarius, procuratores, cetusque unanimis magistroruir ' 
regencium et non-regencium dederunt, concesserunt et hac presents : 
carta sua confirmaverunt, pro se et successoribus suis in perpetuum ^ 
prefatis custodi, sociis et successoribus suis antedictis unum tene- 
mentum cum suis pertinenciis in Oxonia, nuper vocatum ' Tyngewykh 
Inne'j situatum in vico de ' Catestrete ' in parochia Beate Marie Virginif 
Oxonie; inter tenementum hospitalis S. Johannis Oxonie ex part( 
australi et curiam que vocatur ^ Mary olec our t' ex parte boreali; ha ' 
bendum et tenendum predictum tenementum, cum suis pertinenciis 
prefatis custodi, sociis et successoribus suis in perpetuum : reddendo . 
inde annuatim prefatis Cancellario, procuratoribus [et] cetui magi- 
strorum regencium et non-regencium et eorum successoribus in per- 

^ pro se et successoribus suis in perpetuum^ these words are repeated in the MS. 



\ 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



petuum, tredecim ^ solidos et quatuor denarios sterlingorum, in festo 
I Annunciacionis Beate Marie Virginis. Et si contingat dictum redditum 
a retro fore non solutum, infra mensem post tempus solucionis superius 
memoratum, ex tunc bene liceat prefatis Cancellario, procuratoribus 
cetuique magistrorum regencium et non-regencium et eorum suc- 
cessoribus, tarn in predicto fundo quam in singulis tenementis ejusdem 
; collegii in comitatu Oxoniensi distringere, et districciones sibi captas 
: penes se asportare, abducere et retinere, quousque idem redditus cum 
■ arreragiis plenarie fuerit satisfactus ^. Et nos, predictus Cancellarius, 
j procuratores cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium et non- 
' regencium et successores nostri, pro nobis et successoribus nostris 
in perpetuum, predictum fundum cum suis pertinenciis predictis 
; custodi, sociis et eorum successoribus contra omnes gentes warantiza- 
I bimus in perpetuum. In cujus rei testimonium uni parti hujus inden- 
I ture, penes prefatum custodem, socios et successores suos remanenti, 
predicti Cancellarius, procuratores cetusque unanimis magistrorum 
\ regencium et non-regencium sigillum suum commune apposuerunt ; 
i alteri vero parti ejusdem indenture, penes predictum Cancellarium, 
procuratores cetumque magistrorum regencium et non-regencium re- 
i manenti, predicti custos et socii sigillum suum commune apposuerunt. 
i Datum Oxonie, tricesimo primo die Marcii, anno regni regis Henrici 
i sexti post conquestum tricesimo. ■ 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

Memorandum, quod eodem anno et die sigillata est una acquietancia i45i' 
Abbati et conventui de Oseney, secundum formam consuetam in isto 
registro registratam prius. 

Lease of Bedyl-HalP. Fol.geb. 

SciANT presentes et futuri quod nos, Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius 1451. 
! Universitatis Oxoniensis, Willelmus Ketyll et Thomas Balsall, pro- 
\ curatores dicte Universitatis, cetusque unanimis magistrorum regen- 
\ cium et non-regencium in eadem dedimus et concessimus, et hac 
presenti carta nostra confirmavimus Johanni Carpenter, clerico, totum 
' illud tenementum nostrum cum gardinis vocatum ' Bedj'llhall^ situa- 
' tum in parochia Beate Marie Virginis Oxonie in vico vocato ' Shydy- 
; herde' ex parte* occidentali, et inter ortum collegii de ' OryelV ex parte 
; australi, et tenementum ejusdem collegii, vulgariter vocatum ' Scynt 

I ^ tresdecim MS. ^ satisfadum ib. ^ This lease occurs in duplicate 

] in the MS., the second copy being on fol. 97 a, but in the latter the names of the 
proctors are John Ekys and Thomas Rcynald, and the date is May 24. 

X 2 



3o8 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Mary Hall,' ex parte boreali, et lenementum pertinens ecclesie Beale 
Marie ex parte orientali ; habendum et tenendum dictum tenementum 
vocatum ' BedyllhalV, cum gardinis et singulis suis pertinenciis prefato 
Johanni Carpenter et suis assignatis in perpetuum de capitalibus 
dominis feodi illius per servicia inde debita et de jure consueta. Et 
nos vero, prefati Gilberlus, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
Johannes et Thomas, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium et non-regencium et successores 
nostri predictum tenementum, cum gardinis et suis omnibus et 
singulis quovismodo ad prefatum tenementum pertinentibus, servicio 
capitali domino feodi illius tantummodo excepto, acquietabimus et in 
perpetuum defendemus. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
dicte Universitatis huic presenti carte nostre apposuimus ; his tes- 
tibus ; Ricardo Spragote, Majore ville Oxoniensis ; Roberto Sadelar, 
Thoma Wytheke, Roberto at Wode, aldermannis ; Thoma Berton et 
Johanne Doll ballivis dicte ville. Datum in nostre congregacionis 
domo, primo die mensis Apr His ^ anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestum tricesimo. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Germyn. 

1452. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 
pervenerint, Gilbertus Kymer, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie, 
cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in 
Domino sempiternam : Cum litterarum studia, que sola verum virtutis 
iter demonstrare et vicia compescere creduntur — cum in iis honestum 
ipsum et agitacio quedam mentis ac melioris vite cultus querantur, 
virtutem ad capessendam, ad quam nunquam nisi arduo et laborioso 
calle pertingitur — commoda pociora a summis sapientibus censeantur ; 
hos viros, qui summam operam curamque claris scienciis ac virtutibus 
in colendis posuerunt, veris efferre laudibus, nobis, qui virtutis et 
litterarum studia profitemur, non indignum visum est: quippe dum 
benemerentibus honores virtutum premia largiuntur, ceteris ad vir- 
tutum opera majora excitamina preparantur. Hec igitur iisque similia 
rite considerantes, necnon et fructum ecclesiasticum non modicum 
prestolantes, per has nostras litteras attestamur, quod predilectus 
nobis in Christo confrater, magister Johannes Germyn, sacre theologie 
professor, Exoniensis diocesis, vir singulari mentis prestans acumine, 
conversacionis conspicuus venustate, cujus honor nobis clarus est 
clarusque status, quique litterarum studia ita complexus est, adeo 
quoque comiter et humane nobiscum diuturnam vitam ac suo gradui 
Fol. 97 a. conformem deduxit, quod ad dictum doctoratus apicem benemeritus 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



est acceptus, et verum laudis testimonium consecutus. Ut igitur 
testificacionis hujus gracia omnium, quorum penes se interest, pro- 
pensiorem consequatur favoris effectum, has testimoniales litteras 
communi Universitatis sigillo fecimus consignari. Datum in nostre 
congregacionis domo, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinqua- 
gesifno secu7ido, mensis Apr His die vicesimo quarto. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Vicesimo sexto die Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 1452. 
quinquagesimo secundo, sigillata est una acquietancia pro Abbate et 
conventu de Eynesham, pro annua pensione, sub forma antiquitus 
consueta. 

218. 

To Master J. Somerset. 

Our mother, the University, rejoices that she has given birth to a son 
at once so illustrious and so grateful ; and thanks you for your splendid 
gift of Alexander Neckham * de naturis rerum ' ; which will remain 
a bright and imperishable memorial of your name amongst us for ever. 
We hope your benevolent disposition towards us will continue. 

Venerabili et egregio viro magistro J. Somerseth, 1452. 

Venerabilis et egregie doctor, cui, sui pro nobili benevolencia, 
tenemur reddere vices gratas in his celi suburbiis, bonorum operum 
per exercicium sic promereri ut finaliter in equam mercem ^ Deus 
preheat semet ipsum. Gaudet nempe mater nostra Universitas se 
tarn nobilem et gratum filium parturire, suisque ex uberibus sub 
juventutis floribus nutrivisse ; qui humaniter respexit et gratuite ubera 
predulcia que sugebat, mittendo eidem sue matri tarn insigne me- 
moriale, videlicet librum Alexandri Nekham ' de naturis rerum ' ; quo 
dono prefulgida nominis vestri lucerna nostre Universitatis inoccidua 
memoria registrata precordiis existet superposita, ad illuminacionem 
gencium in his seculis et futuris. Pro quo et nos unanimiter tributa 
persolvimus graciarum, gaudentes quod grata et pia vestra precordia 
illius de fontali dulcedine, que est fons vivus, ignis, caritas et spiri- 
tualis ^ unccio, sic celitus degustarunt, ut, ad divine laudis extollenciam 
augmentumque studii salutaris, honor Dei regnique decor felicius 
augeatur. Speramus insuper de continuacione vestre benevolencia 
nobis et Universitati nostre in futurum [adhiberi] ^ ad Dei gloriam 

' niercedem ? ^ spiritalis MS. ^ This word is as it occurs in the MS., 

and, apparently, should be omitted. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



et vestri meritum sempilernum. Et statum vestrum de bono semper 
in melius prosperari faciat virtus et bonitas Spiritus sancti. Scripium 
in nostre congregacionis domo, Junii die duodecimo. 

219. 

Fol. 97 b. To the Archbishop of Canterbury ^ in behalf of Master 

WilHam Moreton. 

Not only would it be displeasing to you, but it would be wrong and 
a gross impropriety, if we should recommend to you an unworthy person; 
But we with confidence solicit your favourable acceptance of Master 
William Moreton, tvhose character and attainments we well know, by 
experience both of his private and official life in the University. 
1452. Reverendissimo in Christo patri recommendaciones, observancias 
et honores. Inter omnes filios, quos nostra mater alma Universitas 
propter merita, et bonorum studiorum et virtutum, in dignos honores 
attollit, maxime illos preferre cupimus, qui fideles officio, qui morum 
honestate, qui presertim aut scienciarum aut facultatum studiis in- 
sudantes apud nos probati existant. Si quidem alios quosquam 
dignitati vestre, colendissime presul, commendare presumimus, preter 
displicenciam vestre paternitatis, quam incurrere nolumus, non nimiam^ 
certe mereremur culpam ; et, quod Deo propicio evitabimus, intolera- 
bile improperium. Placeat ergo dominacioni vestre, reverende in 
Christo pontifex, approbatum dilectumque satis apud nos virum, magi- 
strum Willelmum Moreton gracius inspicere, intendere scilicet et 
acceptare ; ut quem nos singuli secundum nostre dileccionis modum 
amplectimur, vestra benignitas, que satis potest, eciam velit considerare 
profecto non peregrinum, sed vestra natum in diocesi, insuper et 
promotum, quod persone merito attribuimus. Preterea, quasi ab 
ineunte etate utpote philosophic lactatum uberibus, postquam ejus 
industriam, studium, probitatem et in scolasticis actibus ac in agendis 
rebus providenciam experti sumus, non inutile nobis visum erat ad 
procuratoris officium simul et dignitatem eundem promovere. Cujus 
equidem officii quantam egerit curam libenter adderemus, si non 
sermonis obviaret prolixitas. ' Deinde vero et scienciarum et bone 
vite merito proficientem experti, sacre theologie approbavimus nuper- 
rime doctorem; hunc ergo in theologia sacra professorem, nostra 
quidem estimacione dignum consiliis principum, tanto patri com- 
mendamus ; et quod vestre reverencie non plene nostris innotescit 
litteris, supplicamus votis ut, si quid nostra valeat apud tantum archi- 

^ The name of the Archbishoprick does not occur in the MS., but there is no 
doubt how it should be supplied. ^ minimam ? 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



presulem intercessio, veraciter illud senciat devocio deprecantis. Et 
in Christo valeat, prosperetur ac floreat vita, virtus dominacioque vestra. 
Ab Oxonia in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo nono die Odobris. 
Congregacio magistrorum regencium in Oxoniensi studio. 

The demise of *Bedyllhair to Master John Carpenter 
sealed by the University. 

IMemorandum, quod decimo die Novembris sigillata erat carta 1452. 
Johannis Carpenter episcopi Wigornensis, secundum formam prius 
scriptam, tali clausi excepta ' servitio capitalis domini feodi illius tan- 
. tummodo excepto! 

Release of executors of Robert Coupere, one of the 
supervisors of the building of the school of theology. 

i NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gylbertum Kymer, in medi- 1452. 

\ cina doctorem, Cancellarium Universitatis Oxonie, Johannem Ekys 

' et Willelmum Mogys, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, cetumque 
unanimem magistrorum regencium in eadem remisisse, relaxasse et 
omnino pro nobis et successoribus nostris in perpetuum quietum 

; clamasse Jacobo Letuce et Johanni Dryell, clericis, executoribus 

• Roberti Coupere clerici, quondam supervisoris fabrice novarum sco- 
! larum sacre theologie Oxonie, omnimodas acciones, querelas, sectas 

et demandas, cujuscunque fuerint nature, accionis vel condicionis, 
: nobis et predicte Universitati quovismodo competentes, racione re- 
; cepcionis pecuniarum ad dictas scolas pertinencium et dispensacionis 
earundem per dictum Robertum, a principio mundi usque in diem 
confeccionis presencium. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum commune 
Universitatis presentibus est appensum. Datum in nostre congrega^ 
cionis domo, undecimo die Novembris, anno regis Henrici sexti post 

• conquestum tricesimo primo. 

Appointment of attorney, to give seisin of *Bedyllhair 
to Master John Carpenter. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Gylbertum Kymer, Can- 1451. 

' cellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem Ekys et Thomam 
Reynold, procuratores ejusdem Universitatis, cetumque unanimem 
magistrorum regencium et non-regencium in eadem, attornasse et 

; deputasse et loco nostro posuisse dilectum nobis in Christo johannem 
Smyth, clericum, nostrum verum attornatum ad deliberandum, vice 
et nomine nostro, Johanni Carpenter, clerico, plenam et pacificam 



312 



EPISrOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



possessionem et seisinam in et de toto illo tenemento cum gardinis ^ 
vocato ' Bedyllhall' situato in parochia Beate Marie Virginis Oxonie, 
in vico vocato ' Schideherde ' ex parte occidentali, et inter ortum 
collegii de ' Oriell' ex parte australi, et tenementum ejusdem collegii 
vulgariter nuncupatum ' Seynt Mary Hall ' ex parte boreali, et tene- ' 
mentum pertinens ecclesie Beate Marie ex parte orientali ; habendum 
et tenendum eidem Johanni Carpenter, heredibus et assignatis suis, ' 
secundum vim, formam et effectum carte nostre eidem inde confecte ; , 
Fol. 98 a. ratum et gratum habentes et habituri totum et quicquid prefatus attor- 
natus noster fecerit vice et nomine nostro in deliberacione seisine 
predicte. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum commune dicte 
Universitatis presentibus apposuimus, his testibus, Ricardo Spragot, [ 
Majore ville Oxonie; Roberto Sadler, Thoma Wytheke, Roberto f 
Attwode, aldermannis ; Thoma Bertone et Johanne Doll, ballivis ! 
dicte ville ; et aliis. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo \ 
quarto die Maii, anno regni regis Henrici sex ti post conquestum tri- 1 
cesimo ^ | 

-I 

Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1452. Memorandum, quod tali die, scilicet vicesimo octavo die mensis 
Novembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo 
primo ^, sigillata erat acquietancia pro Abbate de Enysham, ut patet 
inferius; Noverint universi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymer, 
Cancellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, et magistros Johannem Ekys 
[et] ^ Willelmum Mogys, procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse 
et habuisse, die confeccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu de | 
Enisham in Comitatu Oxoniensi, viginti sex solidos sterlingorum, in j 
partem solucionis cujusdam annue pensionis predicte Universitati j 
debite : De quibus quidem viginti sex solidis fatemur nos fore solutos, 
dictosque Abbatem et conventum inde acquietamus per presentes 
sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, 
vicesimo octavo die mensis Novembris^ anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
post conquestum tricesimo primo. 

Memorandum, quod tercio decimo die mensis Decembris, anno 
Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo primo*, sigillata 
erat acquietancia pro Abbatia de Oseney. 

^ This document should, it seems, follow on fol. 97 a. 

2 and * The date in both these cases is inconsistent with the regnal year, which 
is the 31st of Henry VI, i.e. 1452. But it will be noticed that the words sigillata I 
erat perhaps indicate that the acquittance was sealed then, and only formally 
entered in the register now; for no acquittance of Eynsham for the year 1451 
occurs. ^ et omitted in MS. 



E PISTOL A E ACADEMICAE. 



313 



Noverint uiHversi per presentes, nos, Gilbertum Kymer, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem Ekys et Willelmum Mogys, pro- 
curatores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, die confeccionis 
presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Oseney in Comitatu Oxoniensi 
viginti sex solidos octo denarios, in plenam solucionem cujusdam 
! annue pensionis predicte Universitati debite : De quibus quidem 
: viginti sex solidis octo denariis fatemur nos fore solutos, dictosque 
I Abbatem et conventum inde acquietamus per presentes sigillo nostro 
I communi signatas. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, tercio decimo 
j die Decembris, amio regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo 
I primo. 

I Eodem die littera destinata Magistro Johanni Somerseth. 

220. 

To Master John Somerset. 

i Four gift of books proves your zeal for learning, and the beautiful 
\ silken vestments embroidered with gold, now presented by you, are an offer- 
j ing such as an only son might make to his mother. Be not offended that 
j we call you a son, though the gravity of your character and the number 
of your years be rather those of a father. This munificence is no less 
\ than an inspiration. We have no merits to correspond, and can find no 

i words fit to express our sense of your generosity. 

i 

I Largissimam in nobis tue munificencie donacionem, O doctor 1452. 
j egregie, ne plus laudare mirarique ^ possumus, ea presertim racione 
I qua te matri nostre filium amantissimum contemplamur. Nec filium 
' nuncupari tua vereatur serenitas, tametsi moribus grandevum etate 
dierumque cursu patrem pocius quam filium appellari deceat. Pro- 
fecto turn nostre matris unigenitum induisti, cum illam , tue mentis 
speciem splendor supernus illuxerat, ut nostram genetricem tantis 
decrevisses honoribus decorandam, quantis earn tuis dignam muneribus 
duxeras eternaliter permansuram. O bonum per omnia virum ! 
quem virtutis amatorem affectus commendat, studii fervorem librorum 
collacio manifestat, atque itidem, ne laudibus hominum videatur 
extolli, Ejus a quo bonum omne fontaliter acceperat, Dei cultum 
solemniter vestitus '^ sericis deauratisque indutum ampliavit. Et quid 
nos tantilli, laudis in tue cumulum innateque probitatis largicionem, 
dignum persolvere valemus? Equidem, si verum fateamur, non 
aliquid nostris ex meritis, quod tuum nobis inflecteret animum, pre- 
cessit; sed tanquam ignotum notum te feceras, cum nos matremque 
nostram amplissimis indebitisque donariis condecorare suscepisti. 

^ qua MS. vestibus ? 



314 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Qua in re plausum suspirio conjungimus, ut quod voluntatis obsequio 
possemus verbis quidem explicare nequimus. Optamus igitur tue| 
pietatis amplitudinem, ut quod fida mente votis exequimur lacius ^ s 
mentis aviditati quam verborum tenuitati indicetur. Sic nos et matrem i 
nostram censebis indemnes, quum te utriusque collectorem discre-' 
toremve fuerimus assecuti. At ne videatur latere erga nos tue pro- 
videncie desiderium, prenobilis vir magister W. Kele, custos collegii J 
animarum omnium fidelium defunctorum, quem legatum tuum^ \ 
dignum accepimus, ita nobis te tuaque placita^ commendaverat, ut I 
incredibili nos gaudio faceret esse letatos. Hec eapropter continuum ' 
. . } favoris intuitum singulariter expetentes, oratoria prece Deum 
veneramur ac petimus, quemadmodum suscepte voluntatis prebuerat 
incitamentum, sic et impenso muneri sine fine eternum largiatur 
imperium. Datum ut supra. 

Fol. 98 b. The ancient form ^ of citation of persons accused of 
embezzlement of funds of the Chests. 

Satis nobis dilecte, salutem. Cum circa singulas nostre matris ; 
Universitatis occupaciones oculum vigilanciorem apposuerimus, quo- . 
modo veneradssimus saluberrimusve ipsius status felicitate valeat per- 
petuari quam plurimis consuetudinum statutorumque generibus, inter 
omnes compellimur nostrarum cistarum indemnitatem annuatim ob- . 
servare. Quum vero te ciste ' Chicheley ' appellate custodiam noverimus 1 
acceptasse, sicuti ex indenturis inde confecds, non paucis annis trans- 
actis, evidentissime apparet, nec hucusque raciocinium vel ^ delibera- 1 
cionem inde reddideris ; ea propter estimamus prefatam cistam ; j 
intolerabile pati detrimentum. Nos igitur, pristinum statum ac | 
ejusdem reformacionem cupientes, singulos, quorum interest in hac 
parte, undecimo die mensis Aprilis, proxime post datum presencium 
futuri, coram nobis in nostre congregacionis domo Oxonie, ex parte 
nostre Universitatis objiciendis in dicto negocio responsuros, de- 
crevimus accersiri. Te insuper exhortamur, ac virtute juramenti 
Universitati nostre prestiti, primo, secundo ac tercio peremptorie 
monemus ac citamus, quatinus loco ac die prenotatis nobis, de et 
super articulis sanam ac tutam prefate ciste custodiam concernentibus, ; 
in propria persona te conferas responsurum; ulterius facturus et 
recepturus quod justicia in ea parte suadebit. Quod si, uti te decet, ' 
curaveris adimplere, rem sane tibi necessariam et nobis gratam perficies. 
Ac tue commoditati, quantum cum equitate poterimus, studebimus , 

^ satius . . . aviditate . . . tenuitate ? ^ The words legatum tuum are probably f 
what is intended, but the MS. is much confused, and the whole letter unusually 
troublesome. ^ placide MS. * A word obliterated in MS, ^ p, 318, 
line 7. ® ve MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 315 

proficere : sin autem, ad acriora, ac tibi magis molesta, quanquam 
j juridica, remedia recurrere oportet. Quid multa? animadvertas rei 
j seriem ; ast sana consciencia vivas per secula. Datum ut supra ^ 
' vicesimo Marcii. 

Notandum, quod forma istius littere duobus magistris mittitur, et ideo non 
indiget duplici scriptura. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Vicesimo secundo die mensis Marcii, anno Domini millesimo quad- 1452. 
ringentesimo quinquagesimo secundo, sigillata est una acquietancia 
< pro Abbate et conventu de Enysham pro annua pensione, in forma 
antiquitus usitata. 

^ Annus Domini millesimus quadringentesimus quinquagesimus tercius. 

Citation of Master Richard Base to appear at S Mary's 
church and give account of his guardianship. 

• Cum saluberrimi status nostre matris honorem pre mentis oculos 
habemus, nec tantum perpendamus ejus gloriam quantum eam tem- 
I poralibus ampliandam summopere cupiamus, idque fieri non posse si 
j circa custodiam cistarum remissiori quadam supervisione torpeamus; 
i nos igitur, diligenciam, ut oportet, baud segni provisione facientes, 
i reperimus cistas intolerabile pati dispendium, per insufficienciam 
' caucionum inconsulte non minus quam imprudenter impigneratarum. 

Quamobrem imminenti ruine finem abdicare cupientes, hos omnes, 
I quorum pigneribus hujuscemodi ciste graviter damnificantur, vocari 
i citarique fecimus ; teque insuper, magistrum Ricardum Base, virtute 
! juramenti Universiiati nostre prestiti, primo, secundo, ac tercio peremp- 
' torie monemus ac citamus, ut compareas coram nobis personaliter 
sexto decimo die mensis Junii, ad satisfaciendum cistis, pro caucionibus 
j per te impigneratis, virtute quarum nostre ciste pre ceteris damna 
j luunt. Sique nostris jussionibus obtemperare volueris, gratum te 
; poterimus habere, salvo quod juris est ex omni parte : sin autem 
' aliud mente tractaveris, valebimus quod pertulisse nimio terrore tedebit. 
i Recollige conscripta et bene prosperare. Datum ^r. quarto die Mail. 

Acquittance for 500 marks received from the executors 
of Cardinal Beaufort. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes nos, Cancellarium Universitatis 1452. 
Oxoniensis et procuiatores ejusdem, cetumque unanimem magistrorum 

^ To what document this refers does not appear ; the last preceding day being 
Dec. 13. The document to which reference is made is probably one of those not 
entered in this register. '■^ This is the only occasion on which a separate 

notice is made of the date. 



3i6 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



in eadem recepisse et habuisse, ad usum fabrice et edificii nostrarum 
novarum scolarum juxta collegium Exoniense situatarum, de magistro 
Gilberto Kymer et Elia Holcote quingentas marcas, nobis per execu- 
tores testamenti recolende memorie domini Henrici, nuper Cardinalis 
Anglie, ad edificacionem earumdem scolarum datas et assignatas : De 
quibus quidem quingentis marcis fatemur nos plene solutos, dictosque 
Gilbertum et Eliam quietos per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium 
sigillum commune nostre Universitatis presentibus apposuimus. Datum 
quarto die Maii^ anno regni regis Henrici sex ti post conquestum tricesimo 
primo. 

Fol. 99 a. Appointment of Seneschall. 

All members of holy mother Church are hereby informed that we, the 
Chancellor, proctors, and masters of the University, having read and 
examined the letter sent to fohn Norys, Esquire, of the King's body 
guard ; by which letter he is appointed to the office of Seneschall, do 
hereby ratify and confirm the same, and grant him a salary of four 
marks a year, payable from the perquisites of his court, but not from the 
fines for violation of the assize of bread, wine, and ale, on the four 
quarter days ; saving always our privileges, liberties, customs, and 
statutes ; ivhich, on his admission to office, he shall be sworn to observe. 

1452. Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere per- 
venerint, Gilbertus Kymer medicine doctor, Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis, Johannes Yong, Johannes Seymour, procuratores ejusdem, 
cetusque unanimis magistrorum in eadem salutem in Domino sempi- 
ternam. Noveritis nos, prefatos Cancellarium, procuratores et Uni- 
versitatem, legisse et inspexisse litteras preclarissimi viri, magistri 
Gilberti Kymer, Cancellarii Universitatis nostre antedicte, venerabili 
viro Johanni Norys, ad corpus domini nostri regis armigero, concessas 
in hec verba, ' Sciant presentes et futuri quod nos, Gilbertus Kymer, in 
medicina doctor, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxonie, de provida dis- 
crecione et circumspeccione venerabilis viri fohannis Norys, ad corpus 
domini nostri regis armigeri, ad plenum confidentes, ordinavimus, deputa- 
vimus et fecimus eundem fohannem Norys nostrum et successorum nostro- 
rum locum tenentem et senescallum in dicta Universitate et ejus precinctu ; 
ad curias ibidem tenendas, secundum leges regni Anglie, et cetera faciendum 
et exercendum, secundum dictas leges, per se vel deputatum suum, que ad 
dictum pertinent officium ; salvis semper jurisdictione nostra et succes- 
sorum nostrorum, una et privilegiis, libertatibus et consuetudinibus 
magistrorum et scolarium et personarum eisdem gaudere debentium ; 
habendum et tenendum prefatum officium eidem fohanni Norys ad ter- 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



317 



minum vite sue^ recipiendo annuaiim, pro dicti officii execucione, prout 
alii pro eadem recipere consueverunt.' In cujus rei testimonium sigillum 
nostrum presentihus fecimus apponi. Datum in Universitate Oxoniensi, 
quarto die mensis Marcii, anno regni regis Henrici sex ti post conquestum 
tricesimo primo. Quas litteras, pro nobis et successoribus nostris 
confirmavimus, et ratificavimus, premissis jurisdictione et juribus 
Cancellarii nostre Universitatis, successorumque suorum, magistrorum, 
scolarium et personarum predictarum, in omnibus semper salvis; 
singulariter confidentes, quod predictus Johannes Norys in execucione 
sui dicti officii, ac in aliis maxima et nonnulla commoda faciet Uni- 
versitati : unde concessimus per presentes prefato Johanni Norys^ pro 
laboribus execucionis dicti officii, per eum et suum deputatum im- 
pendendis, pensionem quatuor marcarum, proveniencium de perquisitis 
curiarum, ut prefertur, per ipsum et suum deputatum tenendarum ; 
que de amerciamentis pro fraccione assaie et assise panis vini et 
cervisie non provenerint : habendum et tenendum eidem Johanni 
Nory, cum dicto officio, prefatam pensionem quatuor marcarum, 
a nobis et successoribus nostris, in forma premissa ad quatuor anni 
terminos principales, ad terminum vite sue per equales portiones per- 
solvendam : proviso semper, quod nostre Universitatis privilegia, liber- 
tates, consuetudines et statuta continue observet, et in admissione sui 
ad dictum officium se ea juret taliter observaturum. In cujus rei 
testimonium sigillum commune nostre Universitatis presentibus ap- 
posuimus. Datum in nostre congregacionis dome, sexto die Maii, anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo primo. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Ludlow. 

Memorandum, quod vicesimo tercio die Octobris, existentibus Can- 1452 
cellario et procuratoribus magistro Georgio Nevyll, Johanne Yong et 
Johanne Seymour, sigillata fuit littera, sub forma antiquitus usitata, 
que dicitur testimonialis, pro magistro Johanne Ludlow, in facultate 
sacre theologie professore. 

Citation of Master John Spekyntone. 

Memorandum, de littera citatoria transmissa magistro Johanni 1452 
Spekyntone sub forma antiquitus usitata, septimo die mensis No- 
vembris. 

Acquittance of Master John Norlond. 

Eodem die sigillata erat acquietancia pro magistro Johanne Norlond. 1452 



3i8 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



Acquittance of Abbey of Eynsham— in arrears. 

1453- Memorandum, quod quinto decimo die mensis Novembris sigillate 
erant due acquietancie pro Abbate et conventu de Eynysham, una pro 
anno tricesimo secundo regni regis Henrici sexti, et alia pro anno 
septimo ^ ejusdem regis. 

Citation of Master John Nyman. 

1453- Memorandum, quod vicesimo quarto die mensis Decembris trans- 
missa est littera citatoria pro magistro Johanne Nyman, sub forma 
antiquitus usitata, que sic incipit ' satis nobis,' Sfc.^ 

Fol. 99 b. Citation of Master Towne. 

1453- Georgius Nevyll, in artibus magister, Cancellarius Universitatis 
Oxoniensis, Johannes Yonge et Johannes Seymour, procuratores 
Universitatis antedicte, cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium 
in eadem Magistro Willelm_o Towne, sacre pagine professori, salutem : 
Te, tenore presentium, citamus et mandamus, quod compareas coram 
nobis personaHter, in nostre congregacionis domo in ecclesia parochiali 
Beate Marie Virginis dicte Universitatis, in crastino S. Hilarii proximo 
futuri ; ad respondendum certis articuhs meram correccionem anime 
tue concernentibus. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, nostro sub 
communi sigillo, septimo decimo die Decembris. 

221. 

To the Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

Four name has ever been held in high honour by us ; and now your 
aid in obtaining for us the books promised by the late Duke of Gloucester 
will raise it to a place second only to his own. It is a lamentable thing 
that the books should have been dispersed and be in private hands un- 
connected with us. We pray that you will advise us, and help us to get 
possession of them, and thereby do us the greatest service possible, and 
gain for yourself a glorious reputation. 

1453. Cum semper egregiam ac pergratam vestri nominis famam, reveren- 
dissime pater, honore quo decuit animo contexerimus, ea nunc res est, 
— in laudum ac meritorum titulos animos flectat oportet, — qua publice 

^ It is unlikely that the arrears should have been so long left unpaid ; but there 
is not any ambiguity in the writing, septimo being written at length, and not in 
numerals in MS. ^ See above, fol. 98 b. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



cure necessitudinem librorum collacione privata ^ potenciorem ^ esse 
censuistis, quonim scripta et maximo in precio nobis sunt et voluptati 
non modice legentibus cedunt. Quid enim laudabilius honestiusve 
cogitari possit, quam jam vos potissimum lis rebus operam impendere, 
ex qua optimi principis Humfridi fama revirescat. Perpulchra pro- 
fecto res est et eximia laude digna, qua et vivos colimus et in 
mortuorum memoriam accimur et incendimur. Et quia paternitatem 
vestram apud nos optatissima decoravit liberalitas, ex sperata nobis 
continuacione, uti alterius Humfredi, curabimus nomina ac gloriam 
celebrari debere. Vos igitur inter ceteros nostre etatis viros, post 
ducem memoratu dignum, singularius amplecti decrevimus, ut in- 
timiore favoris contuitu deflendam nostre raatris injuriam solita quadam 
pietate remediare curetis. Nam libros non admodum paucos, ex prin- 
cipis justo legati titulo, extemorum manibus hucusque disperses cogi- 
tatu dolendo pensamus : provida tamen sagaxque vestre paternitatis 
cura optatum nobis exitum imminentis ruine satis abunde preparatum ^ 
adducet, si quod in iis sanum consilium nobis duxeritis consequendum. 
Qua * credimus opera nihil mortalium nostre reipublice ornacius pre- 
ferendum nec ad vestre nominis summum glorie cumulum aliquid 
optacius unquam fuisse concessum. Scripta est hec littera domino 
Thome, episcopo BathoJiiensi et Wellensi^ septimo decimo die mensis 
Decembris. 

Testimonial letter for Master Thomas Balsall. 

]\Iemoraxdoi, quod undecimo die Aprilis, eisdem existentibus Can- I453' 
cellario et procuratoribus, sigillata erat quedam littera testimonials pro 
magistro Thoma Balsall sub forma antiqua, que sic incipit, ' Universis 
sancte matris' Sfc. 

222. 

The vicar of S. Mary RedclifFe in Bristol cleared of a Fol. 100 a. 
libellous charge. 

To All cristenmen to wohom thys present letres shall comm, and in 1453. 
especiall to worschyfuU Syeres, Mayre, Sherrif and cominalte of 
Bristowe, Thomas Sawnders, doctour of decres, Commissarie generall 
in the Universite of Oxonforde of master George Nevell, Chauncellere 
of the saide Universite ; John Yong, John Saymur, procurators, and 
all the Regentes of the same Universite, gretyng in oure lord god. 

^ private MS. ^ Or ^ossihly pciiore7n ; but this letter, which is in the same 

hand as letters 204-207, is, as they are, clearly the work of a careless or ignorant 
scribe. ^ perpreatuf?i MS. * Quo ib. episcopo repeated after Welknsi ib. 



320 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



ffor as much as we late tyme passed wer informyed of a sediciose 
lettyr, in special for on clause, send from a yong scolare beyng wyth 
us in the Universite of Oxonford, called John Mede, concernyng the 
person of oure right welbeloved in criste master Nicholas Pyttes, vicarie 
of Redcleffe in Bristowe ; by the which lettur, after publyshid bitwene 
certayne of your comminalte, ther Rose a sclander importable unto 
the seid master nicholas ; We of grete charite mevyd, wyllyng the ease 
of all parties, to whom thys mater perteynys, made as dew serch and 
inquisicion as we cewed in this behalfe ; makyng to be called byfor us 
the personys that were notarily knowyn first publisheris of the seide 
sclandirful noysyng ; and assignyd to them a terme probatiffe ; in the 
which terme we, seyng no preffe utterly had in that party, consideryng 
also the sadde and vertuose conversacione of the saide master Nicholas, 
ever byfor this tyme knowyn as a mong us, admittyd the said master 
Nicholas to hys purgacione; the which was had befor us by right 
worshipfuU and well avised personys, as h* will appere by the letteris 
testimoniall of the same. Wherfor we, seyng the innocencei of the 
said master Nicholas, right hertely pray you that, after youre grete 
sadnes and avised discrecion, wold make this oure writyng and 
testimony be publyshed ther, and unto them of joure right worshipfull 
comminalte ; wher ye, after jour grete discrecion, suppose hys worship 
and fame in this mater be hurt : tristyng that this oure writyng shall 
be to more declaracione of hys troweth and innocencie in this mater 
than any evidens by for this tyme had to his sclandyr or repreff ; and 
yef ye, as oure trust ys, wyll this oure desire performe, ye shall right 
hertly please us, and cause us in lyk wyse to do for any of you, or of 
youre comminalte, at your ^ request or desyre. Veven undyr our seek 
in oure seamble at oxon/orde, the xviij day ofjanuari The y ere of. oure 
lorde mccccliij. 

Scriptum est hec littera pro magistro Nicholao Pyttys ad declaracionem 
bone fame sue. 

Testimonial letter for Master T. Phyppes. 

1453. Memorandum, quod undevicesimo die Februarii sigillata fuerat una 
littera testimonialis pro magistro T. Phyppes^ anno gracie millesimo 
quadringentesimo quinquagesimo tercio, sub forma antiquitus usitata. 

Acquittance of John DoUe, book-binder, on payment made 
for pledges sold by him for the University. 

1453. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Georgium Nevyll, Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem Yong et Johannem Saymur, pro- 

^ our MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



321 



curatores ejusdem, cetumque unanimem magistrorum regencium in 
eadem, recepisse et habuisse, die confeccionis presencium, de Johanne 
Dolle, de Oxonia, Bokebjndere, quatuor libras septem solidos et 
quatuor denarios sterlingorum, in plenam solucionem caucionum 
pertinencium ciste de Gyldeford sibi expositarum per Universitatem 
predictam : De quibus quidem quatuor libris septem solidis quatuor 
denariis fatemur nobis fore fideliter solutum, dictumque Johannem 
Dolle heredes et executores suos inde quietos per presentes sigillo 
communi dicte Universitatis. Datum Oxonie in nosire congregacionis 
domo, sexto decimo ^ die Februarii, anno regni regis Henrici sexti post 
conquestuin tricesivio secundo. 



223. 

To Edmund Reed, Esquire. Fol. 100 b. 

We are sure that, when you gave us timber for the building of the 
new school of theology, your intention was to complete the work ; for true 
praise is for him, not who begins but, who completes that he has begun. 
Will you, then, graciously give us some stone, which we now sorely need ; 
and you shall find us ready to ^erve you, as we shall be able, in return. 

Salutem tuam, quam in Christi visceribus perpetuam esse cupimus, 1453. 
eciam ut in hoc seculo floreat optamus. Nam cum probitatis tue 
munera, que scilicet in lapidibus et meremiis fabrice nostrarum 
scolarum plurimum decoris afferre visa sunt, contuleris, non minus 
a laudis tue fama putamus abesse, quod ad tarn famosi operis com- 
plecionem ^ manus adjutrices posuisse credaris. Et quid tibi, probis- 
sime vir, cumulacius unquam concessum fuit, quam ut ad tante fabrice 
maturacionem operam dederis et continuitatem. Proculdubio veritatis 
ab ore commendatur, qui, non incepisse sed, quod incepit ad perfectum 
duxisse, letatur. Quia igitur nobis de te nefas est quidquam aliud 
suspicari, dignetur humanitas tua, uti solita fuerat, instanti necessitatis 
articulo, pro felicis operis hujus consummacione quibusdam lapidibus 
subvenire curare. Nos quoque pro posse nostro valebimus, si tibi 
fuerimus oportuni, quod nos explere cupias efficacissime perimplere. 

Scripta fuit hec litter a Edmundo Reed, armigero, pro lapidibus ac- 
quirendis ad fabric am novarum scolarum, undecimo die Marcii. 

^ decimo nono written over, MS. This word is omitted in the context and 

written over the line, so faintly, however, that it may be almost anything. 

Y 



322 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



224. 

To the Lord Lovell. 
1453- Right Worshipfull and Reverent syr, as hertly as we canne or may | 
we recommende us unto you : and, for asmuch as we Right wel under- 
stond the grete zele and tendre benevolence that ye have unto the god 
expedicion of oure scooHs of divinite, we besech alle mighty god to ■ 
reward you ther, as we may not bot only by continuall priere — the wich 
is the moste singulere mean that we may oflfre unto the pleasure of all I, 
might god — to make you partene in the desires of oure peticions for \ 
oure protectours and speciall welwillers. And how be it we be 
sufficiently enformed, that it pleasith youre godnesse to shew unto us, 
by the enformacion of oure right welbeloved ^ Edmund Reed esquiere, ; 
your tendre love to the final complecion of oure seid scoolis; we : 
besech your lordship of continuance ; for, notwithstandyng ^ oure grete' 
necessite, by youre singulere and charitable furtheraunce we canne | 
suppose within short tyme oure seid worke effectuosly may be com- 1 
plessid: the wich after oure powere shall endure unto you and youre ! 
progeny in oure Universite a perseveraunt memorialle; and as we | 
shal prey to god your merece ^ to be encresid everlastingly. Wreten 
the xX^ day of march the T^ere of oure lord mccccliii for my lord lovell. 

225. \ 

To the Earl of Salisbury, Lord Chancellor. 

Whereas certain religious of foreign Universities^ and especially of thai 
of Paris ^ are in the habit of coming here, in the season of Lent only, 
ostensibly to preach and shrive penitents ; but also, in fact, to receive tht 
alms of Italians — which have been the means of support of ^ our own 
students of that nationality — to the injury of these last mentioned am 
discredit of the University ; we venture to make our petition that graduates 
of Oxford and Cambridge, approved by us, may be selected, and members 
of foreign Universities not allowed to remain in London for this purpose . 
both because of the injury injlicted upon us, — with whom they do not dea. 
equally in the mutual granting of degrees, — and also because we consider 
that, by residing in this country, they are the means of communicating \ 
secrets of state to a nation with whom we are at war. 1 

1454. Serenissime domine, quanquam id nobis semper affuit, quo preclan 

vestra celsitudinis dignitas et titulus* meritorum laudumque preconii; 

1 welbelovyd, corrected by the same hand, MS. ^ at this tyme our seu 

works effectuosly may be complessid. These words in the MS. come after notwith 
standing, but are faintly crossed out, Perhaps merete, but probably fron 

merces. * Titus MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



323 



decorari meruit ; nihilominus tamen eo fervencius exorandam optan- 
damque celerius esse decrevimus, pro quanto nobis in hiis, que digne 
petimus, gratissimam se velle prebere putamus. Et quamvis ambigere 
non est datum ut apud nobilissimos probosque viros illi precipue bene 
meriti sint, quos morum gravitas sciencieque sublimitas condecorant; 
pro hiis tamen, qui altissimam professi paupertatem, in Christi stigma- 
tibus se divites esse letantur, nobilitatem dominacionis vestre duximus 
informandam. Itaque sic res in propatulum venit. Quidam viri 
religiosi forensium Universitatum, potissime Universitatis Parisiensis, 
hoc solum anni tempore, titulo predicandi illucusque veniunt, seu 
confessiones audiendi ; ac eleemosinas Itahcorum virorum, quibus 
nostri studentes religiosi ilhus lingue sustentari solebant, in ipsorum 
dispendium atque alme nostre matris Universitatis minorem famam, 
recipiunt et demoliuntur. Perceptoque quod volebant, statim post 
quadragesimam sua repetunt ; et in hoc plane non parva miracione 
ducimur, quomodo et ipsi permitti valeant sic infra regnum non solum 
nostris detrimentum ferre ; verum, quod timendum est, consilia se- 
cretaque nostre reipublice per tales in latissima terrarum spacia sepius 
promulgari posse. Et quia non tante caritatis vinculo nobis sociari 
presumuntur, qui nobiscum scienciis et gradibus communicari nolunt, 
unde laudabile Universitatis nomen longius diffunderetur, sicuti deceret ; 
deprecamur igitur, quatenus nostrarum Universitatum filii, Oxonie 
scilicet et Cantabrigie, quos apud nos examinatos censemus, aliis 
preferantur : nec tales aliarum Universitatum, potissime illius, que est 
in terra inimicorum, Parisiensis, permittantur, in repulsam nostrorum 
studencium, Londoniis expectare : quin pocius, principum domino- Fol. loi a. 
rumque potestate considerata, regni securitate et nostrarum Universi- 
tatum honestate, a tali prestolacione extraordinaria coerceantur. Quam 
peticionem, si precibus nostre Universitatis fueritis incHnati perimplere, 
rem putamus vestre dignitati congruam, et nostre studencium utilitati 
profecisse gaudebitis. 

Scripta fuit hec litter a domino Cancellario Anglte, Comiti Sarum:^ 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo qiiinquagesimo quarto, quinio die 
Apr His. 

226. 

To the Executors of Rawlyn Holand. 

Rygth worschipfull syrys, we grete you well ; and forasmuche as 1454. 
we ben credybely enformyd of dyverse grete almes and merytory 
dedys, that ye have of late tyme ful blessfully dystrybuted of the 
goodes of Rawlyn Holand late decesed — wose soule god assoile — 

Y 2 



324 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMJCAE. 



pleese you to wete, that we have yn the Unyversyte of Oxonford 
a scole of divinite in bildyng, to the worschippe of god, edifiing of 
feyth, and destruction of vices : the wyche worke we be not suffycient 
of goodes of the seide Univcrsyte to fynishe and performe ; Hke as 
your welbelovyd berer of thys canne pleynely enforme yow ; to whom 
we pray yow gefe feytfulle credence yn thys mater. Werfor we 
hertely pray yow of your charytable subportacion and helpe to the 
seyde worke, so that we may have cause perpetualy to pray for yow 
and for the seide soule ; lyke as we pray for other singuler benefactors 
of the seyde Unyversyte. And youre lord have yow yn hys kepyng. 
Wreten at Oxonford the xix day of may. Chaunceler of Oxonford and 
the hole semehle of maystres regensyn the same. 

227. 

To Master Gilbert Kymer, Dean of Salisbury. 

The wise and successful discharge of your duties as our chief magi- 
strate have won for you increasing respect among us., and made your 
example a mirror for Chancellors ; To govern others well the first 
requisite is ' mens conscia recti.' Deeds however., not words, become us : j 
and whereas we have received your assistance in building our new school 
ivith the full intention of repaying the same, though at present we have not 
been able to do so, we appeal to your goodness and affection for us to 
grant us farther or even larger aid, and we hope to discharge our debt by 
the appointed time. 

1454' Indies apud nos, recolende Domine, adeo tua veneranda crescit 
auctoritas ut totam nostram rempubUcam eo celsiorem felicioremque 
putemus, quo tuis munita presidiis attollitur in meHus, et beneficiorumj 
sperata continuitate prosperatur securius. Quis enim probitatemi 
tuam digna laude commendet ? quandoquidem in administracione 
nostre reipubhce tam prudenter, sobrie, fortiterque vigilaveris, ut 
prioribus tuis in officii tui dignitate constitutis quippe ne cesseris ; ( 
et sequacibus tuis, si Ubet audire, perspicuum imitacionis speculum 
exhibere bene meritus es. Nihil profecto mortalibus unquam ^ salubrius 
esse concessum fateamur oportet, maxime iis qui presunt, quam 
primum semetipsos intranee virtutis examine probatos esse posse 
intelligere ; quo nedum sui, quin pocius subditorum curam vigilanter ' 
gerere possint. Sed quia percelebres actus tui hiis morum predotatis ^ 
insigniis excellenter claruere ^, satis est ad tue veneracionis cumulum 
facta pocius quam verba proferre testimonium. E quibus et illud ' 
^ Mzquam aliquid MS. prenotatis ? ^ clarue MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE: 



325 



tuum a nobis ex mutuo susceptum, quod quantum glorie nostrarum 
scolarum fabrice contulerit oculis intuencium liquet. Esse censendum 
hoc eapropter accommodatum, quod fide media a nobis receptum non 
ambigimus remittere, curavimus. Hoc in animo habentes, ad tue 
paternitatis confidenciam uti, quomodo nos reddere quod justum est, 
quanquam aliquali necessitate prepediti, sategimus, ita sic rogamus 
ex corde humanitatis caritatisque tue, felici operis hujus consumma- 
cione, rursus eandem summam vel ampliorem, si baud gravitati tue 
simus infesti, nobis accommodare. Cui peticioni, vel ut verius 
dicamus, oportunitati \ si gratanter annueris, statutos inter te et nos 
dies, cum fortuna letius arriserit, sperabimus posse custodire. Ecce 
quod nostrum erat : et si non, ut debuimus, perfecisse valeamus, 
amicicie ^ tamen fores exiliter pulsamus ; quod si nobis aperueris, 
ingentis tue magnificencie vinculo nos artius constat esse ligatos. 

Scripta full hec littera magistro Gilberto Kymer, Decano Sarum:, duo- 
decimo die Julii. 

W Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. Fol. loi b. 

1 NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Georgium Nevell, Can- i454' 
cellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, T. Beket et Robertum Norman, 
procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, die con- 
feccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu deEynesham in comitatu 
Oxoniensi, viginti sex solidos sterlingorum, bone et legalis monete 
Anglie, in partem solucionis cujusdam annue pensionis predicte 
Universitati per dictum Abbatem et conventum debite : De quibus 
quidem viginti sex solidis fatemur nos solutos, dictumque Abbatem 
inde acquietavimus per presentes, sigillo nostro communi signatas. 
Datum in nosire congregacionis domo, secundo die mensis Novembris, 
anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesiino tercio. 

Scripta fuit hec quietancia Abbati et conventiii de Eynesham, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo quarto, et anno regni regis Henrici 
tricesimo tercio. 

Testimonial letter for Master John Morton. 

NoNO die mensis ' Novembris, sigillata erat littera testimonialis i454' 
pro magistro Johanne Morton, legum doctore, secundum formam 
antiquitus usitatam. 

Acquittance for Master John Spekynton. 

VicESiMO quinto die mensis Novembris, sigillata fuit una acquietancia 1454. 
pro magistro Johanne Spekynton, sub forma communi el antiquitus 
^ importunitatil amicic MS. 



326 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE 



iisitata ; Cancellario Georgio Nevyll, et procuratoribus magistris T. 
Beket et Roberto Norman : anno regni regis Henrici sexti post con- 
questum tricesimo tercio. 

Citation of Master John Nyman. 

1454' NoNO die Decembris, sigillata fuit una littera citatoria pro magistro 
Johanne Nyman, sub forma ut patet in tercio folio, que sic incipit 
^ Satis nobis ^ &c., anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quin- 
quagesimo quarto. 

Sexto ^ decimo die Decembris sigillate erant iste due literae subscriptae. 

228. 

To the duchess of Suffolk 2. 

1454* Ryght hygth and noble lady, we recommend us mekely un to youre 
good and gracyouse ladyshyppe, wyth J>® gostely suffrages of oure 
prayers for youre goode estate and prosperyte, and alle youre wel 
wyllyng ; prayng almyghty god, f ^ rewardyth every goode and 
merytori dede, to thanke yowr goode and graciose ladyschip for yowr 
noble and ryght notable ^yftes in boks and golde to owr moder 
thunyversite, quar yowr memore schall be had ever in gods mynd and 
manne \ & for alsmuche as we be informyt, be the report of ^owr 
servant robert bulkley, that ^ou, of ^owr abundant goodnese and 
graciose lady schip, grawnttit xx lib mor un to J)® beldyng of owr 
scole of dyvinite in oxn: , and the benevolence of ^owr gode ladyschip, 
of J>e qwyche we pray 50W devotly, as we and owr successoris schall 
pray specially for ^ow and for ^owr noble progenitors, and we pray 
^owr gode ladyschip to ^ife fayt and credence un to owr ryght well- 
belovyd maystre william churche, supervisor of J?® werks of f)^ sayd 
scollis, in suche materis as he schall declare un to yowr hy and noble 
ladyschip. and alle myghty god kep and preserve ^ow in welth and 
prosperite, and defend ^ow from alle adversite. Wrytin at Oxn: in 
owr semely hows the x Hi day o/decembre, Be the chancellare, procuratours 
and regents of thuniversite of oxn: 

22g\ 

1454. Ryght wyrschipfull seris, we gret ^ow well, and, aftre ^owr wel far 
interly desyryd, we pray ^ow to remembre ^ow of owr letteris send to 

^ This seems to be a mistake, both the letters in question being distinctly dated 
December 13. ^ No address, probably to Lady Suffolk. ^ i. e. and man's. 
* No address, but evidently to the executors of Rawlin Holand. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



327 



from us be owr welbelovyd mayster \v. churche, berer of this owr 
letter ; the tenor of the qwyche letter a for sende the sayd m ^ can 
remembre ^ow. and we now hertly pray ^ow to schew ^owr benevo- 
lence, qwat it plese 30W of 30W goode charite, in the goods of the 
wyrschipfull and notable man rawlin holand, lat decesed, — qwos sowl 
god asoille, — so that we may have cause to have the sayd sowl in 
speciall rememorans amonge owr syngulere benefacturs of owr sayd Fol. 102 a. 
thuniversite, aftre the forme declarid in owr first lettre. and we pray 
^ow to gyfe faythfull credence to the sayd maystre, in that that he 
woll declare un to 30W, in gret and large costs J)* the universite 
ber}1:h in beldyng of owr scoll of divinite in oxn: . And alle myghty 
god preserve ^ow in prosperite. Wryh'n at o'xn: in owr semly hows 
xiii day 0/ decembre, Be the chawncellere and procuratours and regents 
0/ thuniversite of Oxin^orde. 

Acquittances of Oseney and Eynsham Abbeys. 

QuixTO die men sis INIarcii, sigillate erant due acquietancie, una 1454- 
Abbati et conventui de Oseney, et altera Abbati et conventui de 
Eynysham, pro anno Henrici sexti tricesimo tercio, secundum formam 
antiquitus usitatam. 

Testimonial letter for Master W. Town. 

UxivERSis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes littere 1455- 
pervenerint, Georgius Nevill, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis, 
cetusque unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in 
omnium Salvatore, Quia inter cetera humanitatis ofiicia justicie 
proculdubio consentaneum, et nobis, qui virtutis et sciencie studia 
profitemur, modo peculiari quodam debitum est, viros morum gravitate 
et sciencia preditos digna laudis veritatisque prerogativa venerari,' et 
benemeritis laudem tribuere : Hinc nos, istiusmodi - non segni pre- 
cipitive consideracionis oculo perlustrantes, has per litteras attestamur, 
quod predilectus nobis in Christo, magister W. Town, sacre pagine 
professor, vir quidem ingenio solers, maturitate nedum sciendi ^ 
magnificus, verum rebus in agendis ac universa morum honestate 
adeo preclarus, providus et circumspectus apud nos extiterit, quod 
ad summi doctoratus fastigium provehi celebri cum gaudio * in 
nostra Universitate promeruit. Quinimo cuncta, que ad tanti gradus 
solemnitatem pertinent in eadem sacra pagina, usquequaque com- 
plevit atque felicissimum deduxit ad exitum. Ut igitur hujus testi- 

^ i. e. master. ^ This it seems, should be * Iicc et istiusmodi \ cf. testimonial 
letter (,for Master Merschall) next following, p. 330. ^-sciettde'i * gaudilA.'S, 



328 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



ficacionis gracia omnium, quorum penes se interest, propensiorem ■ 
consequatur effectum, has litteras communi dicte Universitatis sigillo 
fecimus consignari. Datum in nosire congregacionis domo, vicesimo 
octavo die mensis Marcii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quin- 
quagesimo quinto. ' 

Scripta fuit hec littera pro doctore Town, in sacra theologia professore, die anno 
et mense suprascriptis. 

Acquittance of Bishop of Worcester (J. Carpenter) and 
Henry Sampson, clerk. 

1454. NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Georgium Nevyll, Can- 
cellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Thomam Beket et Robertum \ 
Norman, procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, 
die confeccionis presencium, a Reverendo in Christo patre et domino, 
domino Johanne Carpenter, Dei gracia Wigorniensi episcopo et 
Henrico Sampson, clerico, decem libras sterlingorum bone et legalis , 
monete Anglie ; virtute cujusdam compoti inter dictam Universitatem , 
et predictum reverendum in Christo patrem et Henricum clericum } 
facti : De quibus quidem decem hbris fatemur nos fore solutos, dic- 
tosque reverendum in Christo patrem et Henricum inde acquietamus 
per presentes, sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum in nostre^ 
S)-c., vicesimo quarto die mensis Apr His, anno regni regis Henrici sexti 
post conquestum tricesimo tercio \ 

Sigillata fuit hec acquietancia episcopo Wigorniensi, anno Domini millesimo 
quadringentesimo quinquagesimo quinto, mense et die suprascriptis \ 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

MSS* NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Georgium Nevell, Can- , 
cellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem Mareschale et Walterum 
Wyndscore, procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, 
die confeccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Enesham in 
comitatu Oxoniensi, viginti sex solidos sterlingorum bone et legalis 
monete Anglie, in partem solucionis cujusdam annue pensionis pre- 
dicte Universitati per dictum Abbatem et conventum debite: De 
quibus quidem viginti sex solidis fatemur nos fore solutos, dictumque 
Abbatem et conventum inde acquietamus per presentes sigillo nostro 1 
communi signatas. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, ultimo die 
mensis Octobris, anno regni regis Henrici sexti tricesimo quarto. 

^ and One or other of these dates is obviously wrong ; and, as Masters Beket ' 
and Norman were proctors in 1454, this and not 1455 is the correct date. The 
document therefore is, as so many others are, misplaced in the MS. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



329 



Another acquittance of the same Abbey. Fol. 102 b. 

NovERiXT universi per presentes. nos, Georgium Nevell Can- 1455- 
cellarium Universitaris Oxoniensis, Johannem ^larschall et Waltenim 
W}-ndesore. procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, 
die confeccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Enensham in 
comitatu Oxoniensi, sedecim solidos sterlingorum, pro quadam pen- 
sione Universitati debita, ac per eosdem Abbatem et conventum ad 
festum S. Nicholai solvenda : De quibus sedecim solidis fatemur nos 
fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem et conventum inde acquietamus per 
presentes sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum in nostre con- 
gregacioms domo, undecimo die mensis Decembris, a7ino regni regis 
Henrici sexii post conquestum tricesimo quarto. 

Acquittance of Oseney Abbey. 

NovERiNT universi per presentes, nos, Georgium Nevell, Can- i455- 
cellarium Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem IMareschall et Walterum 
Wyndesore, procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, 
die confeccionis [presentium de x\bbate et conventu de Osenay in 
Comitatu Oxoniensi, \iginti sex sohdos octo denarios sterlingorum, 
bone et legalis monete Anglie, in plenam solucionem cujusdam annue 
pensionis predicte Universitati per predictum Abbatem et conventum 
debite : De quibus quidem viginti sex solidis octo denariis fatemur 
nos fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem et conventum inde acquietamus 
per presentes sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum in nostre con- 
gregacionis domo, undecimo die mensis Decembris, anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo quarto. 

Another acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

Duodecimo die Februarii deliberata fuit quedam acquietancia Abbati 1455. 
et conventui de Enesham, sub hac forma. Xoverint universi per 
presentes, nos, Georgium Nevyl. Cancellarium Universitatis Oxoni- 
ensis, Johannem Mareschall et Walterum Wyndesore, procuratores 
Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse. die confeccionis pre- 
sencium, de Abbate et conventu de Enesham in comitatu Oxoniensi, 
viginti sex solidos bone et legalis monete Anglie, in plenam solu- 
cionem cujusdam annue pensionis predicte Universitati per predictum 
Abbatem et conventum debite : De quibus quidem viginti sex solidis 
fatemur nos fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem et conventum inde ac- 
quietamus per presentes. sigillo nostro communi signatas. Datum 
^ presencium omitted in MS. 



330 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE T 

/// nostrc congregacionis domo, vicesimo nono die mensis Januarii^ anno , 
regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo quarto. 

I 

Testimonial letter for Master John Merschall. ' 

1456. Septimo die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringen- | 
tesimo quinquagesimo sexto, deliberata fuit quedam littera testimonialis j 
magistro Johanni Merschall, procurator! boreali Universitatis, sub | 
hac forma ; — Universis sancte matris ecclesie filiis, ad quos presentes li 
littere pervenerint, Cancellarius Universitatis Oxoniensis cetusque 
unanimis magistrorum regencium in eadem salutem in omnium Salva- 
tore : Inter cetera humanitatis ofiicia justicie procul dubio consen- 
taneum, et nobis, qui virtutis et sciencie studia profitemur, modo ' 
peculiar! quodam debitum est, viros morum gravitate et sciencia 
preditos, in nostre matris grege conversantes, digne laudis testimonio 
juvare. Enimvero quo magis benemeritis et jugi studio solerter in- 
sistentibus congruum laudis tributum impenditur, ceteris eo fervencius 
ad capessendas virtutum semitas moralitatis exemplar proponitur. 
Hec atque istiusmodi ante nostre consideracionis oculos statuentes, i 
per has litteras attestamur, quod predilectus nobis in Christo magister 
Johannes Marshall, in artibus magister, vir quidem ingenio pollens, 
arcium maturitate liberalium insignitus, nostreque reipublice, quamdiu 
procuratoris officium honorifice adeptus, nedum rebus in agendis ' 
providus et circumspectus, verum eciam in universa morum honestate 
preclarus extiterat. Quibus in rebus adeo studiose sapienterque et 
summa cum gravitate vitam nobiscum transegit, necnon singula, que 1 
ad procuratoris nostri^ officium pertinere noscuntur, adeo provide 
laudabiliterque complevit, ut eum nullo noverimus ^ crimine innodatum, 
nec ulla sinistre fame labe quovismodo maeulatum ; sed cunctis bene 
beateque vivendi exemplar exhibuit, ac suis exigentibus meritis per ^ 
nos sibi meruit de premissis fidele testimonium perhiberi. Ut igitur 
hujus testificacionis gracia, omnium, quorum penes se interest, pro- 
pensiorem consequatur favorem, has litteras communi Universitatis 
sigillo fecimus consignari. Datum in domo congregacionis, die et anno 
supradictis. 

Fol. 103 a. Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1456. Sexto die Decembris deliberata fuit quedam acquietancia Abbati 
et conventui de Enysham sub hac forma; Noverint universi per 
presentes, nos, Georgium Nevyll, Cancellarium Universitatis Oxoni- 
ensis, Johannem Brethere et Robertum Abdy, procuratores Univer- ' 



nostre MS. 



nutlo nomine crimine, ib. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



331 



sitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse. die confeccionis presencium. 
de Abbate et conventu de Eynesham in comitatu Oxoniensi. sexdecem 
solidos sterlingorum bone et legalis monete Anglie, in partem solu- 
cionis cujusdam annue pensionis predicte Universitati per prefatos 
Abbatem et conventum debite : De quibus quidem sexdecem solidis 
fiitemur nos fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem et conventum inde 
acquietamus per presentes. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, 
sexto die Decembris, ajmo regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum 
kricesimo quinto. 

Another acquittance of the same Abbey. 

Tercio decimo die mensis Decembris, deliberata fuit quedam ac- 1456. 
quietancia Abbati et conventui de Eynesham ; sub forma que sequitur, 
Noverint universi per presentes. nos, Georgium Nevyll. Cancellarium 
Universitatis Oxoniensis, Johannem Brethere et Robertum Abdy, 
procuratores Universitatis antedicte, recepisse et habuisse, die con- 
feccionis presencium, de Abbate et conventu de Eynesham in comitatu 
Oxoniensi, \iginti sex solidos sterlingorum bone et legalis monete 
Anglie ; in partem solucionis cujusdam annue pensionis predicte 
Universitati per prefatos Abbatem et conventum debite : De quibus 
quidem viginti sex solidis fatemur nos fore solutos, dictumque Abbatem 
ct conventum acquietamus per presentes. Datum in nostre congre- 
gacionis domo, tercio decimo die mensis Decembris, anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo quinto. 

230. 
To the Pope. 

The government, maintenance, and improvement of churches and 
religious foundations are, we think, a worthy object of your care ; there- 
fore feeling anxious that men may he promoted to preside over them, whose 
lives will advance the honour of God aiid his worship, and increase the 
devotion of the laity, and who will maintain the buildings in good repair; 
we humbly commend to your holiness Master Williafn Westcare, Prior of 
Mottefont, a 7nan of gravity and learni7ig, a?id whose value we well 
know. He has been unanimously chosen Prior of their students by the 
united voice of all the chapters of the regular Canofis in E?igland, and 
has discharged the duties of that office with discretion and advantage to 
all : He has been several ti?}ies Commissary, aiid has governed wisely 
and well, and his sermons both here, afid in the most important places else- 
where, have been of remarkable excellence, and his life an example to all. 



332 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



1456. Quarto decimo die Decembris, deliberaLa fuit quedam litteia domino 
Pape Kalisto pro doctore Westcare, doctore theologie, sub hac forma 
que sequitur ; Sanctissime ac beatissime pater, post pedum oscula 
beatorum, — non indignum pulamus vestre solicitudinis oculos ad ea | 
eciam convertere, que commodum, profectum, et utilitatem ecclesiarum, 
et locorum ecclesiasticorum ubilibet constitutorum regimen, conser- 
vacionem, et augmentum concernere dinoscuntur : et ad eorum 1 
gubernacionem tales assumere et promovere ardenter affectamus, 
quorum vita honor Dei ac cultus sacre religionis ampliari, populi ' 
devocio augeri, loca ipsa ecclesiastica tueri, edificari ac bene recteque 
gubernari valeant. Nos itaque, cognoscentes religiose vite honestatem, 
sciencie maturitatem ac prudencie industriam, et aliarum virtutum 1 
plurimarum morumque bonorum probitatem, quibus insignitus claruit 
venerabilis ac circumspectus vir, et nostre Universitatis predilectus - 
filius, magister Willelmus Westcare, sacre pagine professor, Prior \ 
prioratus ecclesie gloriose et individue Trinitatis de MotefFonte, ordinis 
S. Augustini, Wyntoniensis diocesis, qui, ob morum gravitatem et 
singularis sciencie eminenciam, consensu unanimi diversorum capitu- 
lorum generalium canonicorum regularium, infra regnum Anglic 
celebratorum, in Priorem studencium in Universitate predicta eorum- 
demque rectorem merito electus, ubi per plurimos annos in artibus 
scolasticis, necnon in aliis predicti ordinis profectum concernentibus, 
politice ac sapienter sese gessit ; unde, propter ejus laudabilem et honeste 
conversacionis fragranciam a diversis nostre Universitatis Cancellariis 
officium commissarii generalis ei per plurimos annos commissa est : in 1 
quo quidem officio, Cancellariorum nostrorum loca tenens, adeo 
graviter ac sapienter nostre reipublice regimen curamque peregit, 
quod cunctis bene beateque vivendi prebebat exemplum; et, quod 
singulis premissis anteponendum fore arbitramur, ad Dei cultum et 
ortodoxe fidei incrementum, verbum Dei sermonibus exactissimis per 
loca publica ac regni Anglic famosissima creberrime seminavit. Quibus 
devotissime sanctitati vestre oblatis ac clementer, veluti speramus, 
exauditis, ardenter rogare non cessamus, et sepe ac sepius suppli- 
camus, quatinus nostris intercedentibus precibus, necnon suis exigen- 
tibus meritis, piis ejus ac jusfis peticionibus aures sanctissime pietatis 
graciose dignemini inclinare. Et vestram sanctitatem, ad universalis 
ecclesie solacium et percelebre regimen, in longiora tempora gubernet 
et prosperam conservet Altissimus. Datum Oxonie in nostre congre- 
gacionis domo, mensis Decembris die nono. Vestre sanctitatis ancilla 
Universitas Oxoniensis. 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



333 



Citation of Master Henry fifrances. Fol. 103 b. 

VicESiMO octavo die Januarii, anno Domini millesimo quadringen- 1456. 
tesimo quinquagesimo sexto, deliberata ac sigillata fuit quedam littera 
citatoria magistro Henrico ffrances, sub hac forma que sequitur : Satis 
nobis dilecte, salutem : cum circa singulas nostre matris Universitatis 
occupaciones oculum vigilanciorem apposuerimus, quomodo venera- 
tissimus saluberrimusque ipsius status feliciter valeat perpetuari, quam- 
plurimis consuetudinum statutorumque generibus ; ac inter cetera 
nostrarum cistarum indemnitatem pro posse observare — nuper vero te 
ciste ' Gylforde ' appellate custodiam noverimus acceptasse, sicuti ex 
indenturis inde confectis evidenter satis apparet, nec hucusque racio- 
cinium seu deliberacionem inde reddideris, nec substitutum quempiam 
tuam gerentem vicem in ea parte statuisti; — eapropter, non absque 
causa veremur prefatam cistam in multis pati dispendium ; necnon et 
ejusdem ciste statuta quam graviter violari. Nos igitur, pristinum 
statum ac reformacionem, ejusdemque ciste deliberacionem, secundum 
statutorum formam cupientes, singulos, quorum interest in hac parte, 
quinto decimo die mensis ffebruarii, proxime ^ post datum presencium 
futuro, coram nobis in nostre congregacionis domo Oxonie, ex parte 
nostre Universitatis, in dicto negocio objiciendis responsuros, decre- 
vimus accersiri. Te igitur, magister Henrice ffrances, hortamur, ac 
virtute juramenti Universitati nostre prestiti, primo, secundo ac tercio 
peremptorie monemus atque citamus, quatenus, loco et die prenotatis ^, 
nobis, de et super articulis sanam ac tutam prefate ciste custodiam 
concernentibus, in propria persona te conferas responsurum ; ulterius- 
que facturum et recepturum quod justicia in hac parte suadebit. 
Quod si, uti te decet, curaveris adimplere, rem sane ^ tibi commodam 
atque necessariam perficies, ac tue commoditati, quantum cum equitate 
poterimus, studebimus proficere. Sin autem, acriora, ac tibi magis 
molesta quanquam juridica, remedia prosequi oportebit. Animadvertas 
igitur tni juramenti vinculum atque rei seriem ; et sana consciencia 
vivas per secula. Datum in nostre congregacionis domo, vicesimo sexto 
die Januarii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo 
sexto, &fc. 

Similar citations issued to Masters W. Brywer and 
R. Merschall. 

EoDEM die quo supra, deliberate fuerunt alie due littere citatorie, 1456. 
sub eadem forma prescripta, nominibus tantum mutatis; scilicet 



^ proximuin MS. 



^ prenotis ib. 



' sanam ib. 



334 EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 

magistro Willelmo Bl7^ver et magistro Ricardo Merschall, anno Domini 
et dato ut prius, &c. 

Another to Master Wm. Corker. 

1456. VicESiMo nono die Januarii, deliberata et sigillata fuit quedam alia 
littera citatoria, sub eadem forma, nomine tantum mutato; scilicet 
magistro Willelmo Corker, pro deliberacione ciste de Warwyke, &c. 

Acquittances of Eynsham and Oseney Abbeys. 

1456. Memorandum, quod vicesimo die mensis Marcii, deliberate et sigillate 
fuerunt due acquietancie ; una Abbati et conventui de Eynesham, pro 
viginti sex solidis, in plenam solucionem annue pensionis, pro anno 
regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum tricesimo quinto; et alia 
Abbati et conventui de Oseney pro viginti sex solidis octo denariis, 
pro eodem anno regis. 

231. 

Fol. 104 a. To the King. 

The most illustrious princes have favoured and fostered learning, and 
none have done so more than yourself The narrow compass of a letter 

forbids us to say more. We have received ycur letter requesting us to 
give the office of superior bedell of Laws to one fohn Andrew : And this 
we would gladly do, if we could without violation of our oath to observe 
our statutes ; but, as these require that our votes should be given ' without 

fear or favour ' we hope you will condescend to accept this our excuse, and 
graciously hear farther particulars from our Chancellor. 

1456. Christianissimo principi, Anglie et Francie regi illustrissimo et 
domino nostro metuendissimo. 

Serenissime atque Christianissime princeps, tocius matris ecclesie 
singularissime protector atque defensor, cum omni devocione honores 
amplissimos ac subjecciones , humillimas. Cum nihil prope regiam 
magis deceat celsitudinem, regnum magis amplificet et felix efficiat, 
quam morum cultus atque studium litterarum, maximi ac celeberrimi 
principes, ut accepimus ex historiis, ea loca sunt prosecuti favore, in 
quibus has res ali crescereve putabant. Quorum secuti vestigia vestri 
progenitores, inclitissimi atque clarissimi reges, vestre Universitati 
Oxoniensi graciose, ac certe divinitus, privilegia et libertates indul- 
serant ; quos utique universos predecessores vestra benignissima regia 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE, 



335 



celsitudo in tarn pio erga nos favore transcendit. Nam quis est aut 
fuit uspiam princeps amancior cleri quam vestra serenitas ? Multa hie 
diceremiis, sed litterarum angustia prohibemur \ Tercio Kalendas 
Marcii, meiuendissime princeps, omnimoda veneracione, ut equum est, 
vestre serenitatis litteras nobis destinatas suscepimus ; quibus vestram 
celsitudinem quorumdam precibus credimus inclinatam, ut quendam, 
Johannem Andrew nuncupatum, in superioris bedellatus officium in 
jure canonico et civili jam nunc vacans eligeremus, et pre ceteris 
acceptaremus ; pro quo equidem reverendum in Christo patrem et 
dominum, dominum Cancellarium nostre matris Universitatis Oxoni- 
ensis, quoad statutorum strictitudo permisit, efficaciter egisse testamur. 
Et nos ipsi, omnes et singuli, toto mentis affectu vestre majestatis 
contemplacione id perficeremus, si sana cujuslibet consciencia ac salvo 
nostri juramenti vinculo possemus illud perimplere. Re enim vera, 
clementissime princeps, si in nostrarum eleccionum forma ordo statuti 
debiti debitus in aliquo subvertatur, statuta juramentaque, quibus 
astricti sumus, quam graviter violarentur, atque plurimos baud dubium 
ejusdem rei occasione ad consciencie offensam et perjurii reatum, quod 
absit, invitaremus : quod et inclitissimam vestram celsitudinem magno- 
pere nolle firmiter existimamus. Scimus profecto quod benignissima 
sublimitas vestra ad honorem et felicem statum Universitatis vestre 
pias semper benevolencie aures, ac prudentissime consideracionis 
oculos graciose solet atque magnifice inclinare. Unde sapiencie et 
serenitati vestre grates eternas et immortales unanimiter agiaius, sup- 
plicantes ac devote et humillime implorantes vestram majestatem, qua- 
tenus dignetur cuilibet electuro proprie vocis libertatem^ secundum 
statuti tenorcm : ne quis forsan timore ductus, in quemquam con- 
senciens, incurrat perjurium. Eapropter has nostre excusacionis litteras 
acceptare non dedignetur vestra benigna nobilitas ; que si parve aut 
diminute in aliquo prudentissime consideracioni vestre videantur, 
reverendo in Christo patri et domino, Exoniensi electo et confirmato, 
vestre Universitatis Cancellario, ceterisque doctoribus et magistris 
vestre celsitudini statutorum strictitudinem lacius declaraturis, fidem in 
his plenius dignetur regia serenitas adhibere. Floreat prospere in 
multas etates gloria, virtus, et magnificencia vestra, semper cum victoria 
et triumpho. Scriptum in nostre congregacionis domo, Marcii die 
secundo. Devoti et fideles pro vobis oratores Cancellarius et procu- 
ratores vestre alme Universitatis Oxoniensis, simulque ejusdem regentes 
et non-regentes, tota humilis communitas. 



* prohilmmis MS. 



^ Some such word as per?nittere seems to be omitted. 



33^ 



EPISTOLAE ACADEMICAE. 



232. 

Fol. 104 b. To the Qwene, oure sovverain lady. 

1456. Most gracyous prynces and oure rygth souverain lady, we youre 
humble oratours alle reverence recommend us un to youre most 
noble and hygthe estate, the gostely suffrages of oure dayly prayers. 
And for as muche as yt hath plesyd youre noble hythnesse tendrely to 
wryte and to commaund us, that we schuld chese be fore alle oder 
John Andrew, servaunt un to Syr Edmund Hamdene, Knygth, to the 
offyce of the gentylman bedle of youre universite ; we be seche devoutly 
youre noble and hygth dyscrescyone, to have in remembraunce that 
everyche of youre sayd oratours, that shall have interest in the eleccyone, 
shall ^eve an othe, immedyatly be fore the same eleccyone, that alle 
maner love, hate or drede, favoure or ony odyr affeccyon, prayer or 
mede utturly layd a parte, such a persone to chese and name, as the 
dyscrescyone of hys owne private consciense demyt most abyll to be 
chosyne, and to do worschyp and truest servyce in the sayd office. 
The wyche streynesse of othe, deuly consydred of yo^ most prudent 
and excellent dyscrecyone, we trust shall be oure suffisant and re- 
sonnabyl excuse in oure eleccyone to kepe oure othe and statute. 
Wherefore we be seche yo^ hygth and gracyous ladyschyp to graunte 
us owre consuete Hbertes in oure eleccyones ; and alle that may be do, 
savyng oure consciense, and that the straynesse of the sayd statute 
may permytte us, at the reverence and contemplacyone of youre 
gracyous letteres we shall do and utturly fulfyll. Besechyng youre 
noble estate to be gracyous protectryse to youre sayd universite, as 
we shall pray god hertyly for youre noble estate. Wrytyn at Oxgnford 
in oure semble howse the secunde day 0/ Marc he, Be youre devoute and 
trew oratours, the Chanceler produrs and regentes of )o'^ universite of 
Ox on. 

Acquittance of Eynsham Abbey. 

1457. Memorandum, quod quinto die mensis Novembris, anno regni regis 
Henrici sexti tricesimo sexto, deliberata fuit quedam acquietancia 
Abbati et conventui de Eynesham, in comitatu Oxoniensi, de viginti 
sex solidis, in partem solucionis cujusdam annue pensionis per eosdem 
Abbatem et conventum debite, secundum formam communem. 



i^^ye Sn^^W 



Page I' 



Folio 55 b 



^1 





2, Line i 



( i»pfe^ l)«vM >*'l -y' ^*'f'''^'"''? 




kyiU^ V>fA||i) X<^M^^ 



No. 153, Page 



Folio 6i a 



£j}, Line 27 



No. 169, Page 



Folio 67 a 
VMm l.|i.ilWm^iliP^ 



^^^^^ ^ 



,(230, Line 29 



I '■^^ '-^^s^y 44s 



Page 257. 




Folio 76 a 



Line 6 



111 



fe-T-U;--^-/r-f ^^^^ ' 



No. 2o8, p. ; 



Folio 91 a 

;^j^Avi3 I^pt^ inl>j-\ «.^^ ;c\^ c cf^: ity*^^' 




: 293, Line 29 



©yforb Ibi^torical Societi? 



PUBLICATIONS. 
1884. 

1. Register of the University of Oxford. Vol. I. (1449-63; 

1505-71), edited by the Rev. C. W. Boase, M.A., pp. xxviii+ 364. 
(Price to the public, without discount, and prepaid, i6s.) 

2. Remarks and Collections of Thomas Hearne. Vol. I. (4 July 

1705 — 19 March 1707), edited by C. E. Doble, M.A., pp. 
viii + 404. (i6s.) 

1884-85. 

3. The Early History of Oxford (727-1100), preceded by a 

sketch of the Mythical Origin of the City and University. 

By James Parker, M.A. With 3 illustrations, pp.xxxii + 420. (20^.) 

1885. 

4. Memorials of Merton College, with biographical notices of 

the Wardens and Fellows. By the Hon. Geo. C. Brodrick, 
Warden of Merton College. With one illustration, pp. xxH-4i6. 
{i6s., to members of Merton 12s.) 

5. Collectanea, 1st series, edited by C. R. L. Fletcher, M.A. 

With 2 illustrations, pp. viii + 358. (i6s.) 

(Contents : — a. Letters relating to Oxford in the 14th Century, ed. by H. H. 
Henson ; d. Catalogue of the Library of Oriel College in the 14th Century, 
ed. by C. L. Shadwell ; c. Daily ledger of John Dome, bookseller in Oxford, 
1520, ed. by F, Madan ; d. All Souls College versus Lady Jane Stafford, 
1587, ed. by C. R. L. Fletcher ; e. Account Book of James Wilding, Under- 
graduate of Merton College, 1682-88, ed. by E. G. Duff; /. Dr. Wallis's 
Letter against Maidv/ell, 1 700, ed. by T. W. Jackson.) 

1886. 

6. Magdalen College and King James II, 1686-88. A series of 

documents collected and edited by the Rev. J. R. Bloxam, D.D., 
with additions, pp. 111+292. (16^-., to members of Magdalen 12s.) 

7. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. II. (20 Mar. 

1707 — -22 May 1710), pp. viii + 480. (i6j.) 

8. Elizabethan Oxford. Reprints of rare tracts. Edited by the Rev. 

C. Plummer, M.A., pp. xxxii + 316. (10s.) 

(Contents : — a. Nicolai Fierberti Oxoniensis Academioe descriptio, 1602 ; 
d. Leonard Hutton on the Antiquities of Oxford ; c. Queen Elizabeth at 
Oxford, 1566 [pieces by J. Bereblock, Thomas Nele, Nich. Robinson, and 
Rich. Stephens, with appendices] ; d. Queen Elizabeth at Oxford, 1592, by 
Philip Stringer ; e, Apollinis et Musarum Eidyllia per Joannem Sanford, 
1592.) 

1887. 

9. Letters of Richard Radclifie and John James, of Queen's 

College, Oxford, 1749-83 : edited by Mak(;aret Kvans, with 
a pedigree, pp. xxxvi + 306. (15^"., to members of Queen's loj. 6d.) 
I. z 



PUBLICATIONS {continued). 



10. Register of the University of Oxford, Vol. II (1571-1622), 
Part 1. Introductions. Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A., 
pp. xxxii + 468. (i8j-.) 

1887-8. 

11. Do. Part 2. Matriculations and Subscriptions. Edited by 

the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A., pp. xvi + 424. (iSj.) 

1888. 

12. Do. Part 3. Degrees. Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. 
pp. viii + 448. (17 J.) 

13. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. III. (25 May 

1 7 10 — 14 December 17 12), pp. iv + 518. (i6j.) 

1889. 

14. Register of the University of Oxford, Vol. II, Part 4. Index. 
Edited by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A., pp. viii + 468. (17^.) 

15. Wood's History of the City of Oxford. New Edition. By the 
Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. Vol. I. The City and Suburbs. With 
3 Maps and several Diagrams, pp. xii + 660. (256-., to citizens 
of Oxford 20s. ; the two Maps of old Oxford separately, not 
folded, \s. 6d., to citizens is) 

1890. 

16. Collectanea, 2nd series, edited by Professor Montagu Burrows. 
With one diagram, pp. xii + 518. {i6s.) 

(Contents :— a. The Oxford Market, by O. Ogle ; b. The University of Oxford 
in the Twelfth Century, by T. E. Holland ; c. The Friars Preachers of the 
University, ed. by H. Rashdall ; d. Notes on the Jews in Oxford, by A. 
Neubauer ; e. Linacre's Catalogue of Grocyn's Books, followed by a Memoir 
of Grocyn, by the Editor ; f. Table-Talk and Papers of Bishop Hough, 
1 703-1 743, ed. by W. D. Macray; g. Extracts from the 'Gentleman's 
Magazine' relating to Oxford, 1731-1800, by F. J. Haverfield. Appendix : 
Corrections and Additions to Collectanea, Vol. I. (Day-book of JoKn 
Dorne, Bookseller at Oxford, a.d. 1520, by F. Madan, including a * Half- 
century of Notes ' on Dome, by Henry Bradshaw). ) 

17. Wood's History of the City of Oxford [as No. 15 above]. 
Vol. II. Churches and Religious Houses. With Map and 
Diagram, pp. xii+550. (20^., to citizens of Oxford 16s.; Map 
of Oxford in 1440, separately, not folded, ^d., to citizens 6d) 

1890-91. 

18. Oxford City Documents, financial and judicial, 126 8- 1665. 
Selected and edited by Prof. J. E. Thorold Rogers, pp. viii+ 440 
(+2 loose leaves for vols. 6 and 16). {12s.) 

1891. 

19. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, antiquary, of 

Oxford, 1632-1695, described by Himself. Collected from 
his Diaries and other Papers, by the Rev. Andrew Clark, M.A. 
Vol. I. 1632-1663. With 7 illustrations, pp. xvi+520. (20^.) 



PUBLICATIONS (contmued). 



20. The Grey Friars in Oxford. Part I, A History of the Con- 
vent ; Part II, Biographical Notices of the Friars, together with 
Appendices of original documents. By Andrew G. Little, M.A., 
pp. xvi-}- 372. (i6j.) 

1892. 

21. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. II. 

1664-1681. With 10 illustrations, pp. xxviii+ 576. (20^-.) 

22. Reminiscences of Oxford, by Oxford men, 1559-1850. 

Selected and edited by Lilian M. Quiller Couch, pp. xvi + 430. 
(17J., to members of the University 10s. 6d.) 

1892-93. 

23. Index to Wills proved and Administrations granted in 
the Court of the Archdeacon of Berks, 1508-1652. Edited 
by W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A. (Issued in conjunction with 
the British Record Society.) pp. viii+200. (los.) 

1893. 

24. Three Oxfordshire Parishes. A History of Kidlington, 
Yarnton, and Begbroke. By Mrs. Bryan Stapleton. With 
a coloured map and 2 sheet-pedigrees, pp. xx 4-400. (17^., to 
residents in the three villages los.) 

25. The History of Corpus Christi College, with Lists of its 
Members. By Thomas Fowler, D.D., President of the 
College. With 3 illustrations, pp. xvi + 482. {20s., to members 
of Corpus 1 2s. 6d.) 

1894. 

26. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [as No. 19]. Vol. III. 

168^-1695. With 3 illustrations, pp. xxxii+ 548. {21s.) 

27. The Register of Exeter College, Oxford, with a history of 
the College, and illustrations. By the Rev. C. W. Boase, M.A. 
Third edition, enlarged, pp. [8] + clxxxiv 4- 400. {Fresenfed fo 
the Society by the author : 15^., to members of the College lox.) 

28. The Cartulary of the Monastery of St. Frideswide at 

Oxford. Edited by the Rev. S. R. Wigram, IM.A. With illus- 
trations. Vol. I. General and City Charters, pp. xx + 504 4- 6 
pages (loose) of corrections to vol. 24. (21J.) 

1895. 

29. The Early Oxford Press, a bibliography of printing and 

publishing at Oxford, ' 1468 '-1640. With notes, appendixes, 
and illustrations. By Falconer Madan, M.A., pp. xii4-366. 
(Separate copies can be obtained only from the Clarendon Press, 
price i8j. The Society can only supply it in sets.) 

30. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood [ as No. 19]. Vol. IV. 

Addenda. With illustrations, pp. xii 4- 322. (24.C.) 



PUBLICATIONS {continued). 



1896. 

31. The Cartulary of the Monastery of St. Frideswide at 

Oxford. Edited by the Rev. S. R. Wigram, M.A. With illus- 
trations. Vol. II. The Chantry and Country Parish Charters, 
pp. xii + 488 + 8 pages of additions and corrections (loose) 
to vol. 25. (2 1^.) 

32. Collectanea, 3rd series, edited by Professor Montagu 

Burrows. With illustrations, pp. xii + 450. {21s) 
(Contents : — a. Some Durham College Rolls, by Rev. H. E. D. Blakiston ; 

b. Parliamentary Petitions relating to Oxford, by Miss L. Toulmin Smith ; 

c. Poems relating to the riot between Town and Gown, 1355, by Rev, H. 
Fumeaux ; Tryvytlam de laude Univ. Oxoniae, by the same ; d. Wykeham's 
Books at New College, by A. F. Leach ; e. Correspondence of Henry Earl 
of Clarendon and James Earl of Abingdon, 1683-85, by C. E. Doble ; 
/. Dr. Newton and Hertford College, by S. G. Hamilton ; g. Charles Earl 
Stanhope and the Oxford University Press, by H. Hart.) 

1897. 

33. A History of Pembroke College, anciently Broadgates 

Hall. By the Rev. Douglas Macleane, M.A. With 4 illus- 
trations, pp. xvi+544 + 4 pages of Addenda to vol. 32. (21^., 
to members of Pembroke 1 3^.) 

34. Hearne's Collections [as No. 2 above]. Vol. IV (15 Dec. 

1 71 2 — 30 Nov. 1 7 14). Edited by D. W. Rannie, M.A., 
pp. x + 466 + [2], with a plate. (1898, 21s.) 

1898. 

35. Epistolae Aeademieae Oxon, a collection of letters and 

other documents illustrative of Oxford in the fifteenth century. 
Edited by the Rev. H. Anstey, M.A. With illustrations. 
Part I, pp. lii + 336. {21s) 

36. Ditto. Part II, pp. vi + 389. (21^.) 

Forthcoming Publications. 
The 5th (and last) vol. of Clark's edition of Wood's Life and 
Times, the 3rd (and last) vol. of the same Editor's Wood's 
History of the City of Oxford, a reproduction of the unique 
copy of Agas's map of Elizabethan Oxford, with notes, and 
other volumes, are in active preparation. 



A full description of the Society's work and objects can be obtained by applica- 
tion to any of the Committee residing at Oxford (Falconer Madan, Esq. 
{Hon. Treasurer), 90 Banbury Road; the Rev. the Provost of Queen's 
College (Dr. Magrath); the Regius Professor of Modern History, Oriel 
(F. York Powell, Esq.) ; the Rev. H, Rashdall, New College ; and C. L. 
Shadwell, Esq., Frewin Hall, Oxford). The annual subscription is one guinea, 
and the published volumes as a set can be obtained by new members 
at one -fourth the published price (i.e. \Qs. 6d. a year). Life Composition 
for new members (not being Institutions) is twelve guineas : after five years of 
subscription it is ten guineas ; after ten years, eight ; after fifteen, six ; after twenty, 
four. The Society counts compositions among its liabilities (in case it ceased its 
work) at the rate of one guinea a year from the date of effecting them. 

Bee, 1898. 



.i